Encyclopedia Astronautica
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NASA
American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA.

People: Crowley, Buckley, Gough, Abbott, Bonney, Goett, Ames, Chamberlin, Siepert, Bikle, Krieger, Mueller, Johnson, Vincent, Frutkin, Emme, Hilburn, Walker, Joseph, Crossfield, Lilly, William, Naugle, Kraft, Jones, Walter, Finger, Badgley, Fulton, Frisbee, McDonald, Petrone, Edelson, Silveira, Armstrong, Llewellyn, Enevoldson, Abbey, Schmitt, Hinners, Lunney, Gibson, Edward, Holmquest, O Leary, Crouch, Lacklen, Wigbels, Johnson, Nicholas, Hodgson, Modarelli, Vangen, Busemann, Constan, Einhorn, Rosen, Herbert, Schindler, Willner, Schneider, Keathley, Boggess, Briggs, Pellerin, Barnes, Tilford. Country: USA. Spacecraft: Hywards, Ames Mach 10 Demonstrator, Vanguard 2, Pioneer 0-1-2, Pioneer 3-4, Mercury, S-1, S-2, Pioneer P 3, Apollo LM, Pioneer 5, S-46, TIROS, Echo, Apollo CSM, S-30, P-14, Gemini, S-15, Gemini LOR, Apollo A, S-55, EPE, Ranger 1-2, Apollo X, Apollo Direct CM, Apollo Direct RM, Apollo Direct SM, Apollo Direct TLM, Bendix Manned Lunar Vehicle 4 Wheel, Gemini Lunar Lander, Bendix Manned Lunar Vehicle 3 Wheel, Mariner R, Ranger 3-4-5, OSO, G2G, Ariel, G4C, A7L, Mariner 1-2, Apollo ULS, TAVE, Orbital Workshop, G3C, Relay, Gemini-Centaur, Navigator, Syncom, G2C, AE, IMP, Surveyor, ADE, Apollo CSM Boilerplate, Apollo CSM Block I, Bendix Lunar Logistic System, Boeing LES Rover, Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - Unmanned, Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 1 man, Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 2 man, Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 3 man, Gemini Transport, Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 2 man 3 kW, LSS Site Survey Payload, Lunar Logistic System 13.7 kW, Lunar Logistic System 6 kW, McDonnell Spaceplane 1963, Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV-1, Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV3 RV4, Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV5, Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV7, Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV8, Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV-1A, Self-Deploying Space Station, Jupiter nose cone, Ranger 6-7-8-9, BE, Gemini Pecan, IE, Nimbus, OGO, Beacon, Mariner 3-4, Gemini - Saturn I, Gemini - Saturn IB, Gemini - Saturn V, Northrop Molab, Northrop ALSS Rover, Gemini - Double Transtage, Radar Evaluation Pod, Gemini Agena Target Vehicle, GEOS, Voyager 1973, IQSY, DME, Pioneer 6-7-8-9-E, Bendix Molab, Bendix LSSM, Boeing LSSM, Bendix ALSS Rover, Extended Mission Gemini, OAO, Gemini Lunar Surface Rescue Spacecraft, Atlas Target Docking Adapter, Pageos, Lunar Orbiter, TOS, ATS-1, Biosatellite, Apollo LASS S-IVB, Apollo SMLL, Apollo CMLS, Gemini Paraglider, Gemini Observatory, MOBEV F1B, MOBEV R1B, MOBEV R1CB, MOBEV F2E, MOBEV R0AE, MOBEV R0CE, MOBEV R0DE, MOBEV R1DE, MOBEV R2C(1)E, MOBEV R3DE, MOBEV RIB(1)E, MOCOM, MOLEM, MOCAN, Rescue Gemini, Winged Gemini, ATS-2, Mariner 5, ATS-3, TTS, Apollo RM, Gemini Lunar Surface Survival Shelter, Gemini LORV, RAE, ATS-4, RM, Apollo LMAL, Apollo LPM, Apollo ELS, LSSM, MOBEV F2B, Mariner 6-7, Space Station 1970, A9L, PAC, ATS-5, TETR, LFV North American, Apollo MET, MURP, ITOS, SERT, OFO, SAS, Apollo Rescue CSM, Space Base, Mariner 8-9, PFS, SSS, LSV, Planetary Mission Module, Space Tug, Space Activity Suit, Pioneer 10-11, Landsat 1-2-3, MTS, Modularized Space Station, Skylab, Mariner 10, Viking, SMS, ATS-6, Hawkeye, Manned Orbiting Facility, GOES, DAD, AMSS - Austere Modular Space Station, LAGEOS, Apollo CM Escape Concept, GAS, HEAO, Voyager, ISEE, IUE, AEM, Pioneer 12, Seasat, Pioneer 13, CAMEO, Tiros N, SAGE, Magsat, Space Operations Center, SMM, Skylab Reboost Module, Science and Applications Manned Space Platform, Shuttle EMU, Columbia, Dynamics Explorer, SME, Landsat 4-5, Space Station Designs - 1982, IRAS, Challenger, TDRS, Spacelab, IRT, LDEF, AMPTE, Discovery, ERBS, Bendix SLRV, Power Tower Space Station - 1984, Polar Platform, Rescue Ball, Space Station 1984, Shuttle MMU, ISS, Spartan, PDP, Atlantis, AX-5, Dual Keel Space Station - 1985, Lagrangian Interplanetary Shuttle Vehicle, NASA-LANL Manned Mars Mission 1985, OTV, NASA ACRV, Mir, Pioneering the Space Frontier, Spacedock, Shuttle LES, DRM 1 Mars Local Rover, Flight Telerobotic Servicer, Outpost on the Moon, OMV, Ride Report, HL-20, ISS Space Telescope, Lunar Exploration Program 1968, Mars Evolution 1988, Mars Expedition 88, Phobos Expedition 88, Magellan, Space Station Freedom, Galileo orbiter, Galileo probe, COBE, 90 Day Study, Lunar Outpost, LEV, Mars Evolution 1989, Mars Expedition 89, Robotic Satellite Servicer, HST, CRRES, Ulysses, CRAF, Daylight Rover, DMLRV, Light Utility Rover, GRO, UARS, Mars Semi-Direct 1991, Mars Direct, Space Station Fred, STCAEM Cryogenic Aerobrake, STCAEM NEP, STCAEM SEP, STCAEM NTR, STCAEM Cryogenic Aerobrake TMIS, STCAEM Cryogenic Aerobrake MTV, STCAEM MEV, Synthesis Study, Endeavour, SAMPEX, Geotail, Eureca, Topex/Poseidon, Mars Observer, First Lunar Outpost, Mega Rover, NASA Mark III, Pressurized Lunar Rover - Dual Hull, PLR, Rover First, ACTS, Landsat 6, Cargo Lander Reference Version 1, Crew Lander Reference Version 1, Cargo Lander Reference Version 3, Design Reference Mission 1, Earth Return Vehicle Reference Version 1.0, Space Station Options 1993, Clementine, Clark satellite, Wind, X-38, WSF, Mir-Shuttle Docking Module, SOHO, XTE, Ratler, NEAR, Polar, IAE satellite, TOMS-EP, FAST, SAC-B, Mars Global Surveyor, ORFEUS, Mars Pathfinder, Crew Lander Reference Version 3, Design Reference Mission 3, Earth Return Vehicle Reference Version 3.0, Human Lunar Return, Orbview-2, Lewis satellite, ACE, Cassini, TRMM, DRM 1 Mars Rover - Pressurized, HL-42, X-43, Lunar Prospector, SEDSAT, ISS Zarya, ISS Unity, SWAS, MCO, Combo Lander Mission, Design Reference Mission 4 SEP, Design Reference Mission 4 NTR, M-Suit, Nomad, Mars Polar Lander, Stardust, WIRE, QuikScat, Chandra, ACRIMSAT, Dual Lander Mission, Lunar Polar Rover, MSTS, IMAGE, Habot, Mars Odyssey, Genesis, UoSAT, HESSI, GRACE, Aqua, Contour, MEPSI, Galex, MER, Gravity Probe-B, Aura, Messenger, Swift, Morphlab, CEV CM, CEV SM, Deep Impact, CEV Andrews, CEV Spacehab, Calipso, Cloudsat, Orion CEV, Dawn, CEV SAIC, CEV Lockheed, CEV Boeing, CEV Orbital, CEV Raytheon, CEV Northrop, CEV Schafer, CEV Draper MIT, CXV, Dragon, Kistler OV, Orion, Dream Chaser, LSAM. Flights: Mercury MA-6, Mercury MA-7, Mercury MA-8, STS-1, STS-2, STS-3, STS-4, STS-5, STS-6, STS-7, STS-8, STS-9, STS-41-B, STS-41-C, STS-41-D, STS-41-G, STS-51-A, STS-51-C, STS-51-D, STS-51-B, STS-51-G, STS-51-F, STS-51-I, STS-51-J, STS-61-A, STS-61-B, STS-61-C, STS-51-L, STS-26, STS-27, STS-29, STS-30, STS-28, STS-34, STS-33, STS-32, STS-36, STS-31, STS-41, STS-38, STS-35, STS-37, STS-39, STS-40, STS-43, STS-48, STS-44, STS-42, STS-45, STS-49, STS-50, STS-46, STS-47, STS-52, STS-53, STS-54, STS-56, STS-55, STS-57, STS-51, STS-58, STS-61, STS-60, STS-62, STS-59, STS-65, STS-64, STS-68, STS-66, STS-63, STS-67, STS-71, STS-70, STS-69, STS-73, STS-74, STS-72, STS-75, STS-76, STS-77, STS-78, STS-79, STS-80, STS-81, STS-82, STS-83, STS-84, STS-94, STS-85, STS-86, STS-87, STS-89, STS-90, STS-91, STS-95, STS-88, STS-96, STS-93, STS-103, STS-99, STS-101, STS-106, STS-92, STS-97, STS-98, STS-102, STS-100, STS-104, STS-105, STS-108, STS-109, STS-110, STS-111, STS-112, STS-113, STS-107, STS-114, STS-121, STS-115, STS-116, STS-117, STS-118, STS-120, STS-122, STS-123, STS-124, STS-126, STS-119, STS-125, STS-127, STS-128, STS-129, STS-130, STS-131, STS-132, STS-133, STS-134, STS-135. Launch Vehicles: HVAR, Deacon, HVAR FFAR, Double FFAR, RM-10, Double Deacon, Deacon Deacon, Deacon HVAR, Quad Deacon, Triple Deacon, HPAG Deacon, Triple Deacon HPAG, Deacon Sidewinder, Double HPAG Deacon, Tri-Deacon Deacon HPAG, Tandem Double Deacon, WASP, Vanguard, Sergeant 5-stage, Nova NASA, Nova 8L Mod, Nova 9L, Nova 4S, Nova 5S, Nova 7S, Nova 4L, Nova 8L, Space Shuttle, HPAG, Shuttle DC-3, Shuttle LRB 1972, Saturn Shuttle, EDIN05, VTOHL 45t, VTOHL 9t, VTOVL 1978, IHLLV, Shuttle LRB, Exploration HLLV, Shuttle C, Low Cost Cargo Vehicle, Shuttle Z, Nerva 2, Ares Mars Direct, Shuttle ASRM, Shuttle ISS, Ares, Ares I-X, Taurus II, Ares V. Projects: Discovery series, Explorer, Mariner, Mars Surveyor, Pioneer series, Ranger, STS. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, Ascension, Point Barrow, Antigua, Arecibo, Fort Sherman, Chilca PLOB. More at: 9047.



1946 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1946 July 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 February 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). First Deacon rocket launched at Wallops Island, which achieved a velocity of 4,200 feet per second..

1947 April 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: Double FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • XF-91 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • FR-2 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 November 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: Double FFAR.
  • D-558-II model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 June 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 August 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Sparrow model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Convair XF-92 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 October 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E14 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 December 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1949 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D13 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 February 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF-91 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D8 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 May 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 May 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 August 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 November 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1949 December 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D4 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F26 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 January 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1950 May 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 May 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 May 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F26 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 June 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1950 July 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D28 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 August 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • XF-92 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 September 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 October 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 October 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D8 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 October 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 November 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon HVAR.
  • Sparrow model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 November 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Snark Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 December 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 February 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 March 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 March 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF4D-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 May 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 May 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-5 E17 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 June 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF4D-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 July 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 July 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1951 July 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Hermes A3A model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 August 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Boojum model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 August 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 August 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D32 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 September 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E7 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 September 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 November 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Falcon Missile test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF10F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1952 January 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF4D-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rigel Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 April 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D109/FFAR seeker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 May 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D18 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 May 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 June 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • F12 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 June 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1952 August 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 August 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D-558-II model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 August 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rigel Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 September 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D109/HPAG seeker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • F-100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 October 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • E39 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 October 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • E39 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1952 October 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 October 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rigel Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F-100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF2Y-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • E31 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 November 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF10F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D32 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 December 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D109/HPAG seeker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 December 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D18 F100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 December 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D28 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D32 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1953 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F-100 Model - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D35 Model - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 January 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Quad Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 January 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 March 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Falcon Missile test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 March 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1953 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F36 Ramjet model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 May 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). First launching of a cluster of three Deacon rockets as a booster at NACA's Wallops Island..

1953 June 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 June 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1953 June 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi).

1953 July 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E25 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 July 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: HPAG Deacon.
  • F-102 Model test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D18 F100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon HPAG.
  • E10 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1953 October 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D18 F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Sidewinder.
  • Sidewinder test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1953 October 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Pogo model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 November 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D37 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1953 November 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • F40 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). First launching of a Nike-Deacon two-stage rocket for heat transfer studies at NACA Wallops Island..

1953 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon HPAG.
  • E10 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1953 December 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F11F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954? - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E14 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1954 January 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F-104 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Turbojet study test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1954 January 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MX-1712 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double HPAG Deacon.
  • F-102 Model test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 February 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 February 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F11F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 February 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1954 March 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D18 F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF2Y-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). First launching of a cluster of four Deacon rockets as a booster vehicle, at NACA Wallops Island..

1954 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Regulus II Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Quad Deacon.
  • Drag model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Regulus II Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tri-Deacon Deacon HPAG.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike Deacon.
  • F40 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1954 June 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Inlet model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Snark Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MX-1712 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 July 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • AGARD Model 2 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 August 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F11F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D4 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F-101A Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 October 14 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike HPAG.
  • Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 October 14 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike T40 T55.
  • Hypersonic Test re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi).

1954 October 14 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike T40.
  • F40 Heat Transfer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1954 October 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 December 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Sidewinder test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 December 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • D37 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1955 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Falcon Missile test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Wing drag model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Delta-wing model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F-101A Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1955 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E39 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 April 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike Tri-Deacon T40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1955 April 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Turbojet study test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 May 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • D22 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 May 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • 10 deg nosecone test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 June 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E5 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 June 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike T40 T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 June 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 September 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1955 September 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 September 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • Hemi-Cyl re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 October 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 October 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike T40 T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USN. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1955 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USN. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1955 November 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Regulus II Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F5D-1 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tandem Double Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Delta-wing model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E42 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike T40 T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1956 April 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 May 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Avro Arrow Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 May 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 May 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Avro Arrow Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 June 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • E41 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 June 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike T40 T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1956 June 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Tri-Deacon T40.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 June 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tandem Double Deacon.
  • Inlet model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MW-2 Model/T-40 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 July 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike T40.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1956 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1956 September 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Terrapin. FAILURE: Second stage did not ignite..
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NSA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). First Terrpain launch attempt..

1956 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Terrapin.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NSA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). First successful flight of a Terrapin sounding rocket at Wallops Island, which consisted of a Deacon and T55 rocket and carried a payload of 3 kg to a 120 km altitude..

1956 October 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1956 October 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Polished Cone re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1956 November 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • AGARD Model 2 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 December 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Hemi-Cyl re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 December 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 January 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Cone re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Delta-wing model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1957 March 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Reentry blackout re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 May 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Slender missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 May 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MW-2 Model/T-40 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 June 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 June 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Copper re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 August 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Flat re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 August 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 August 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1957 October 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 October 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Cajun T40.
  • MW-2 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 December 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 December 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hurricane photo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 January 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 April 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D3/D18 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 April 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • GE RV Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 May 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • E41 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 June 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 June 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Exos sounding rocket.
  • Model 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, NASA. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1958 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury-type Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1958 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • GE RV Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • E15 Model/Loki test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 September 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Polaris model re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USN. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1958 September 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Maryland, NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Exos sounding rocket.
  • Model 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, NASA. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1958 October 11 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able I. FAILURE: Third stage produced insufficient thrust. Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Pioneer 1 - . Payload: Pioneer 1 / Able 2. Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer 0-1-2. Spacecraft: Pioneer 0-1-2. Decay Date: 1958-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 110 . COSPAR: 1958-Eta-1. A Thor/Able launched the NASA Pioneer I, the first successful space probe, to a new altitude record of over 70,000 miles. AFBMD provided the vehicle and launched it under NASA direction. Set distance record; failed to reach moon..

1958 October 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • E41 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 October 23 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C. FAILURE: Upper stages separated prior to burnout. Structural failure after 149 sec due to vibration disturbances generated by the spinning payload.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Beacon 1 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Beacon 1. Spacecraft: Beacon 1. Decay Date: 1958-10-22 .

    NASA¾with the Army as executive agent¾attempted to launch a 12-foot-diameter inflatable satellite of micro-thin plastic covered with aluminum foil known as BEACON. Launched from AMR by a Juno I¾a modified Redstone, the payload prematurely separated prior to booster burnout.


1958 November 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 November 8 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able I. FAILURE: Third stage ignition unsuccessful.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Pioneer 2 - . Payload: Pioneer 2 / Able 3. Mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer 0-1-2. Spacecraft: Pioneer 0-1-2. Decay Date: 1958-11-08 . Apogee: 1,550 km (960 mi). Pioneer 2 was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range, using a Thor-Able booster, the Air Force acting as executive agent to NASA. The 86.3-pound instrumented payload, intended as a lunar probe, failed to reach escape velocity..

1958 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Telemetry test re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mercury-type Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 December 6 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. FAILURE: First Stage shut down too early. Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer 3 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer 3-4. Spacecraft: Pioneer 3-4. Decay Date: 1958-12-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 111 . COSPAR: 1958-Theta-1.

    Failed to reach moon; provided radiation data. Pioneer III, the third U.S.-IGY intended lunar probe under the direction of NASA with the Army acting as executive agent, was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range by a Juno II rocket. The primary objective, to place the 12.95 pound scientific payload in the vicinity of the moon, failed. Pioneer III reached an altitude of approximately 70,000 miles and revealed that the earth's radiation belt comprised at least two distinct bands.


1958 December 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Hurricane photo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 December 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Hurricane photo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 December 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 December 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959? - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards AFB DZ. Launch Pad: 34.9 N x 117.8 W. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • Model A (F1) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi). Air dropped in Edwards AFB DZ..

1959? - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards AFB DZ. Launch Pad: 34.9 N x 117.8 W. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • Model A (F2) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Air dropped in Edwards AFB DZ..

1959? - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards AFB DZ. Launch Pad: 34.9 N x 117.8 W. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • NOTS Viperscan test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi). Air dropped in Edwards AFB DZ..

1959 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1959 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1959 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1959 February 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 February 17 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Vanguard 2 - . Payload: Vanguard 2E / Cloud cover satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vanguard 2. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. USAF Sat Cat: 11 . COSPAR: 1959-Alpha-1. Apogee: 3,049 km (1,894 mi). Perigee: 557 km (346 mi). Inclination: 32.9000 deg. Period: 122.80 min. Operated for 18 days; satellite wobble degraded data..

1959 March 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • D58 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1959 March 3 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II.
  • Pioneer 4 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer 3-4. Spacecraft: Pioneer 3-4. USAF Sat Cat: 113 . COSPAR: 1959-Nu-1.

    The fourth U.S.-IGY lunar probe effort, Pioneer IV, a joint project of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency and Jet Propulsion Laboratory under the direction of NASA, was launched by a Juno II rocket from the Atlantic Missile Range. Intended to impact on the lunar surface, Pioneer IV achieved earth-moon trajectory, passing within 60,200 km of the moon before going into permanent orbit around the sun.


1959 March 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). X-15 captive flight.

1959 March 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GE Ablative reentry vehicle Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 March 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike 20-inch SM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,380 km (850 mi).

1959 April 1 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1959 April 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1959 April 14 - . 02:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. FAILURE: Stage 2 damaged at separation.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Vanguard 3A - . Payload: Magnetometer satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vanguard 3. Spacecraft: Vanguard 3. Decay Date: 1959-04-13 . Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 May 14 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Arcon.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1959 May 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Arcon.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1959 May 15 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1959 May 21 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1959 May 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 May 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 June 5 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1959 June 8 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). First flight for X-15 # 1. Planned glide flight. Maximum Speed - 840 kph. Maximum Altitude - 11445 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1959 June 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Mercury model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 June 22 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. FAILURE: Stage 2 propulsion malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Vanguard 3B - . Payload: Radiation Balance satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vanguard 3. Spacecraft: Vanguard 3. Decay Date: 1959-06-22 . Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1959 July 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • GE Ablative reentry vehicle? Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 July 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. FAILURE: Control lost after 5.5 sec. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Explorer S-1 - . Payload: S-1. Mass: 41 kg (90 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-1. Spacecraft: S-1. Decay Date: 1959-07-16 .

1959 July 24 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight.

1959 July 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 August 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Mercury model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 August 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 August 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1959 August 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 August 7 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able III.
  • Explorer 6 - . Payload: S-2. Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-2. Spacecraft: S-2. Decay Date: 1961-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15 . COSPAR: 1959-Delta-1. Apogee: 42,400 km (26,300 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg. Period: 765.00 min. First Earth photo; radiation data..

1959 August 17 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). NIKE-ASP sounding rocket provided geophysical information on wind activity between 80 and 300 km high was launched successfully from NASA Wallops Station..

1959 August 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 August 19 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 August 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mercury LJ-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

    During the countdown of the first programed Little Joe launching (LJ-1 beach abort test) at Wallops Island, the escape rocket fired prematurely 31 minutes before the scheduled launch. The spacecraft rose to an altitude of 2,000 feet and landed about 2,000 feet from the launch site. Premature firing was caused by a faulty escape circuit.


1959 September 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 September 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 September 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit.
  • Mercury model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 September 11 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1959 September 14 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1959 September 17 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Turbopump failure and fire..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). First flight for X-15 # 2. First powered flight. Maximum Speed - 2241 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15954 m. Turbopump case failure resulted in fire in engine compartment. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1959 September 17 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • DRTE.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1959 September 20 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DRTE.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 September 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1959 October 4 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1.
  • Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi). NASA Little Joe launch vehicle carrying a boilerplate Mercury capsule with a dummy escape system successfully launched from Wallops Station, Va..

1959 October 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 October 13 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II.
  • Explorer 7 - . Payload: S-1A. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-1. Spacecraft: S-1. USAF Sat Cat: 22 . COSPAR: 1959-Iota-1. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 50.3000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space. Returned magnetic field and solar flare data..

1959 October 14 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 October 17 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Fire in engine bay, gear door failure..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Maximum Speed - 2283 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18831 m. Nose gear door failed on landing. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: HJ. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 October 31 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 November 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1.
  • Mercury LJ-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

    Little Joe 1-A (LJ-1A) was launched in a test for a planned abort under high aerodynamic load conditions. This flight was a repeat of the Little Joe (LJ-1) that had been planned for August 21, 1959 (escape rocket fired 31 min before the intended launch of the Little Joe launch vehicle). After lift-off, the pressure sensing system was to supply a signal when the intended abort dynamic pressure was reached (about 30 sec after launch). An electrical impulse was then sent to the explosive bolts to separate the spacecraft from the launch vehicle. Up to this point, the operation went as planned, but the impulse was also designed to start the igniter in the escape motor. The igniter activated, but pressure failed to build up in the motor until a number of seconds had elapsed. Thus the abort maneuver, the prime mission of the flight, was accomplished at a dynamic pressure that was too low. For this reason a repeat of the test was planned. All other events from the launch through recovery occurred without incident. The flight attained an altitude of 9 statute miles, a range of 11.5 statute miles, and a speed of 2,021.6 miles per hour.


1959 November 5 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Engine fire and explosion, fuselage failure on landing..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Engine fire; fuselage structural failure on landing. Aircraft returned to North American for rebuild. Maximum Speed - 1062 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13857 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1959 November 18 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Nike-Asp sounding rocket fired from NASA Wallops Station emitted sodium vapor at 80 km to 250 km altitude, revealing powerful windshear effects..

1959 November 19 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Second sodium-vapor-trail experiment in Nike-Asp launch from Wallops Island was not successful..

1959 November 20 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1959 November 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Paraglider test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1959 November 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • F131 Heat Transfer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1959 November 26 - . 07:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. FAILURE: Payload shroud failed after 45 sec, broke away prematurely.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Pioneer (P 3) - . Payload: Pioneer P 3 / Able IVB. Mass: 168 kg (370 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer P 3. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1959-11-26 . Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    An intended lunar probe launched from the Atlantic Missile Range by an Atlas-Able booster disintegrated about 45 seconds later when the protective sheath covering the payload detached prematurely. The probe was sponsored by NASA, developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and launched by the Air Force Ballistic Missile Division.


1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1959 December 4 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1.
  • Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1959 December 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 December 22 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • X248 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 901 km (559 mi). In a United States-Canadian cooperative project, NASA launched the first four-stage Javelin sounding rocket from Wallops Station to an altitude of 560 miles to measure the intensity of galactic radio noise..

1960 January 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury model Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1960 January 21 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1.
  • Mercury LJ-1B - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

    Little Joe 1-B (LJ-1B) was launched from Wallops Island with a rhesus monkey, 'Miss Sam,' aboard. Test objectives for this flight were the same as those for Little Joe 1 (LJ-1) in which the escape tower launched 31 minutes before the planned launch, and Little Joe 1-A (LJ-1A), wherein the dynamic buildup in the abort maneuver was too low. A physiological study of the primate, particularly in areas applying to the effects of the rapid onset of reverse acceleration during abort at maximum dynamic pressure, was also made. In addition, the Mercury helicopter recovery system was exercised. During the mission, all sequences operated as planned; the spacecraft attained a peak altitude of 9.3 statute miles, a range of 11.7 statute miles, and a maximum speed of 2,021.6 miles per hour. Thirty minutes from launch time, a Marine recovery helicopter deposited the spacecraft and its occupant at Wallops Station. 'Miss Sam' was in good condition, and all test objectives were successfully fulfilled.


1960 January 24 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Maximum Speed - 2685 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20374 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 January 26 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • X248 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 951 km (590 mi).

1960 February 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 February 11 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 2359 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26858 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 February 16 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1960 February 17 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 1667 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16045 m. Automatic shutdown of one chamber in upper XLR-11. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 March 1 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 March 3 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 March 11 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able IV.
  • Pioneer 5 - . Payload: Pioneer P 2 / Able 6. Mass: 43 kg (94 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer 5. Spacecraft: Pioneer 5. USAF Sat Cat: 27 . COSPAR: 1960-Alpha-1.

    An Air Force Thor/Able IV booster launched the NASA Pioneer V spacecraft on its journey to Venus. The satellite measured radiation and magnetic fields between Earth and Venus. The last scientific measurements were transmitted back to Earth on 26 June, three and one-half months after launch, from almost 22.5 million miles in space. Pioneer V was by far the most successful space probe yet launched. AFBMD and Space Technology Laboratories managed the Pioneer V satellite, payload, and booster for NASA and provided launch services at Cape Canaveral. Solar research. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B).


1960 March 16 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1960 March 17 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dumbbell / Ion sphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1960 March 17 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SAS Eval/Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 2283 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16045 m. 6G maneuver test. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 March 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 March 23 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. FAILURE: Upper stage failed to ignite. Third stage failed to ignite due to loss of radio contact.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer S-46 - . Payload: S-46. Mass: 16 kg (35 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-46. Spacecraft: S-46. Decay Date: 1960-03-23 .

1960 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury model Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1960 March 25 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Test / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Aerobee 150-A, a new type, fired from new launch tower at Wallops Station, reached an altitude of 140 km and achieved rocket performance objectives as well as micrometeorite impact counts..

1960 March 25 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Maximum Speed - 2124 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14822 m. Roll damper malfunctioned. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 March 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 March 29 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 2080 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15235 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 March 31 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SAS Gains test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 2156 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15653 m. 3.5 to 5G pullouts to simulate reentry. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 April 1 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able II.
  • Tiros 1 - . Payload: Tiros A (A-1). Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 29 . COSPAR: 1960-Beta-2. Apogee: 696 km (432 mi). Perigee: 656 km (407 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.30 min.

    A Thor/Able II booster placed NASA's Television and Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS) weather satellite into the most accurate orbit yet achieved by any U.S. satellite. TIROS I opened a new era in meteorology by transmitting nearly 23,000 pictures of global cloud cover from 450 miles in space and providing the first glimpse of global cloud structure data. TIROS I completed 1,302 orbits before its operational life ceased on 29 June 1960. TV and Infrared Observation Satellite; returned 22952 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


1960 April 13 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Maximum Speed - 2018 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14630 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 April 18 - . 23:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X. FAILURE: Vehicle broke up after first-stage burnout.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Cub Scout test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi). Scout test vehicle, with live first and third stages. Suborbital..

1960 April 19 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Maximum Speed - 2718 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18134 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 April 20 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: EAFB. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Model A (F4) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). Air dropped in Santa Barbara Channel DZ..

1960 April 23 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). NASA fired first of five Aerobee-Hi sounding rockets from Wallops Station in program to measure ultraviolet radiation..

1960 April 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Porous re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1960 April 27 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 April 27 - . 21:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1960 April 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1960 April 30 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: EAFB. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • Model A (F5) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi). Air dropped in Santa Barbara Channel DZ..

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 May 6 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Trouble shedding the ventral fin..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Maximum Speed - 2336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18574 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 May 12 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 3397 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23738 m. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1960 May 13 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. FAILURE: Second stage attitude control failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Echo 1 - . Payload: A-10. Mass: 56 kg (123 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Echo. Spacecraft: Echo. Decay Date: 1960-05-13 .

    The first three-stage, NASA-developed Thor/Delta space booster was launched from Cape Canaveral, but the Echo passive communications satellite failed to achieve orbit due to a second stage malfunction. This booster was for NASA programs and used the basic Thor first stage with a modified Vanguard second stage as its upper stage configuration.


1960 May 19 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Alt Buildup test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Maximum Speed - 2558 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33222 m. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1960 May 24 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1960 May 25 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1960 May 25 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1960 May 26 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SAS, High alpha, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 2336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15631 m. First test of reaction control system. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 May 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 May 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1960 June 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 June 6 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE Solar Beam Experiment Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 June 8 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 June 15 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1960 June 16 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 June 24 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1960 June 26 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1960 June 30 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Magnetic fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1960 July 2 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,380 km (850 mi).

1960 July 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1960 July 14 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi).

1960 July 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 22 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE-2 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 July 22 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). First flight of NASA's Iris sounding rocket successful..

1960 August 3 - . 15:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • UM ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi). First Sparrowbee sounding rocket launched from Wallops Station, lifting 25 kg University of Michigan payload to 415 km altitude..

1960 August 4 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 3533 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23809 m. Unofficial world speed record. This topped Captain Apt's speed of 2,094 mph attained in the X-2 on September 27, 1956. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1960 August 9 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1960 August 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 August 12 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Echo 1 - . Payload: A-11. Mass: 76 kg (167 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Echo. Spacecraft: Echo. Decay Date: 1968-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 49 . COSPAR: 1960-Iota-1. Apogee: 2,157 km (1,340 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 47.3000 deg. Period: 117.30 min.

    A Thor/Delta was launched from Cape Canaveral carrying NASA's Echo I, the first passive communications satellite to be placed into orbit. Balloon; passively relayed TV and voice transmissions. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


1960 August 12 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A High Alt test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi).

    Maximum Speed - 2851 kph. Maximum Altitude - 41605 m. Established a new altitude record for a manned vehicle of 136,500 feet. This topped Captain Kincheloe's record altitude of 126,200 feet attained on September 7, 1956, in the X-2 rocket research aircraft. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ.


1960 August 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 August 19 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 3510 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24343 m. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1960 August 22 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1960 August 23 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1960 August 29 - . 03:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 August 29 - . 06:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 September 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 3 flare particles Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 4 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1960 September 10 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). X-15 Flight 21 (Stability/Control) Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1960 September 15 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1960 September 19 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • NERV I Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,884 km (1,170 mi).

1960 September 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 September 20 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Engines fail..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 1783 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16168 m. Premature shutdown of both XLR-11's. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1960 September 24 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1960 September 25 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. FAILURE: Second stage exploded.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Pioneer (P 30) - . Payload: Pioneer P 30 / Able VA. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer P 3. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-09-25 . Apogee: 1,290 km (800 mi). An attempt to launch a Pioneer satellite into lunar orbit failed when one of the upper stages of the Atlas- Able rocket malfunctioned..

1960 September 27 - . 14:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 5 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 October 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling.
  • E48 Re-entry vehicle Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 4 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1.
  • Radiation Probe Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5,600 km (3,400 mi).

1960 October 5 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1960 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 October 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 October 18 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Second Iris rocket rose to 225 km with a payload of 56 kg from Wallops Station..

1960 October 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling.
  • E48 Re-entry vehicle Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 2059 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16398 m. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1960 October 22 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 October 28 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 2145 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15453 m. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1960 November 2 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1960 November 3 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II.
  • Explorer 8 - . Payload: S-30. Mass: 41 kg (90 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-30. Spacecraft: S-30. Decay Date: 2012-03-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 60 . COSPAR: 1960-Xi-1. Apogee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 49.9000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Ionospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1960 November 3 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1960 November 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 November 4 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Maximum Speed - 2071 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14905 m. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1960 November 8 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1. FAILURE: At 15.4 seconds the escape rocket motor and tower jettison motor ignited prematurely..
  • Mercury LJ-5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

    Little Joe 5 with a Mercury production spacecraft was launched from Wallops Island to test the spacecraft in an abort simulating the most severe launch conditions. At 15.4 seconds after liftoff, the escape rocket motor and tower jettison motor ignited prematurely. Booster, capsule, and tower remained mated through ballistic trajectory until destroyed on impact.


1960 November 10 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 975 km (605 mi).

1960 November 11 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 6 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 11 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 7 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 12 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 8 (LE SCR) Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 12 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 9 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 13 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 10 (LE SCR) Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A XLR-99 Checkout test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). First flight with XLR-99 engine. Maximum Speed - 3154 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 November 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1960 November 16 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 11 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 12 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 2018 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16688 m. Lower XLR-11 shutdown but restarted. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1960 November 18 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 13 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1960 November 18 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SBE 14 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. FAILURE: Engine cut off after 1 sec, vehicle fell back to the pad from a few centimeters height, but did not explode. This faulty ground-support circuitry had not been noted on some 60 previous Redstone firings.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Mercury MR-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Suborbital launch attempt. After a four- or five-inch liftoff, MR-1 launched its escape tower but not the capsule. The undamaged spacecraft was recovered for reuse..

1960 November 22 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1960 November 22 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A XLR-99, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). First restart with XLR-99 engine. Maximum Speed - 2665 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18867 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 November 23 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • OkSU quiet night Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1960 November 23 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 2 - . Payload: Tiros B (A-2). Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. Decay Date: 2014-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 63 . COSPAR: 1960-Pi-1. Apogee: 610 km (370 mi). Perigee: 547 km (339 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1960 November 27 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • OkSU quiet day Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 November 30 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Maximum Speed - 1858 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14886 m. Only 7 of 8 XLR-11 chambers ignited. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1960 December 4 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Explorer (9) S 56 - . Payload: S-56. Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-56. Spacecraft: S-56. Decay Date: 1960-12-04 .

1960 December 6 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A XLR-99, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 3027 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16268 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1960 December 8 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Ball nose, Stabil. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). First hot nose flight. Maximum Speed - 1911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15269 m. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1960 December 9 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1960 December 10 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 716 km (444 mi).

1960 December 12 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Magnetic fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,140 km (700 mi).

1960 December 14 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1960 December 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 December 15 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. FAILURE: Atlas exploded 70 seconds after liftoff.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer (P 31) - . Payload: Pioneer P 31 / Able VB. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer P 3. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-12-15 . Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). The final launch in the Pioneer lunar probe program was unsuccessful; the Atlas-Able booster rocket went out of control and exploded at an altitude of 12,200 m off Cape Canaveral..

1960 December 19 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury MR-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

    Mercury-Redstone 1A (MR-1A) was launched from Cape Canaveral in a repeat of the November 21, 1960, mission and was completely successful. This was the third attempt to accomplish the objectives established for this flight. The first attempt on November 7, 1960, was canceled as a result of a helium leak in the spacecraft reaction control system relief valve, and on November 21, 1960, the mission could not be completed because of premature cut-off of the launch vehicle engines. Objectives of the MR-1A flight were to qualify the spacecraft for space flight and to qualify the flight system for a primate flight scheduled shortly thereafter. Close attention was given to the spacecraft-launch vehicle combination as it went through the various flight sequences: powered flight; acceleration and deceleration; performance of the posigrade rockets; performance of the recovery system; performance of the launch, tracking, and recovery phases of the operation; other events of the flight including retrorocket operation in a space environment; and operation of instrumentation. Except that the launch vehicle cut-off velocity was slightly higher than normal, all flight sequences were satisfactory; tower separation, spacecraft separation, spacecraft turnaround, retrofire, retropackage jettison, and landing system operation occurred or were controlled as planned. The spacecraft reached a maximum altitude of 130.68 statute miles, a range of 234.8 statute miles, and a speed of 4,909.1 miles per hour. Fifteen minutes after landing in the Atlantic Ocean, the recovery helicopter picked up the spacecraft to complete the successful flight mission.


1961 January 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 January 12 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA, NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1961 January 17 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1961 January 18 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1961 January 19 - . 12:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1961 January 31 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury MR-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

    Ham, a 37-pound chimpanzee, was aboard the spacecraft. The over-acceleration of the launch vehicle coupled with the velocity of the escape rocket caused the spacecraft to attain a higher altitude and a longer range than planned. In addition, the early depletion of the liquid oxygen caused a signal that separated the spacecraft from the launch vehicle a few seconds early. However spacecraft recovery was effected, although there were some leaks and the spacecraft was taking on water. Ham appeared to be in good physiological condition, but sometime later when he was shown the spacecraft it was visually apparent that he had no further interest in cooperating with the space flight program. Despite the over-acceleration factor, the flight was considered to be successful.


1961 February 1 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Ball/side controller test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Maximum Speed - 1949 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15170 m. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1961 February 5 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1961 February 7 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Stab./Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 3660 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23820 m. Last XLR-11 flight. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1961 February 14 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). NASA Nike-Cajun rocket launched from Wallops Station, carrying 60-pound payload ejecting explosive charges, which fired at intervals from 20- to 80-mile altitude to provide data on density of the atmosphere..

1961 February 15 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 February 17 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1961 February 21 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 February 24 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 February 25 - . 00:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. FAILURE: Third Stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer - . Payload: S-45. Mass: 34 kg (74 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P-14. Spacecraft: P-14. Decay Date: 1961-02-24 .

1961 March 7 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Mach 4 flight test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4674 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23610 m. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1961 March 15 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Cajun fin test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 March 18 - . 16:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1. FAILURE: Escape tower fired prematurely.
  • Mercury LJ-5A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

    Mercury Little Joe 5A (LJ-5A), the sixth in the series of Little Joe missions, was launched from Wallops Island. This flight was intended to satisfy test objectives, which were not met previously because of the failure of the spacecraft to separate from the launch vehicle during the Little Joe 5 (LJ-5) mission flown on November 8, 1960. For reference, the purpose of this test was to demonstrate primarily the structural integrity of the spacecraft and the escape system during an escape maneuver initiated at the highest dynamic pressure anticipated during an Atlas launch for orbital flight. Little Joe 5A (LJ-5A) lifted off normally, but 19 seconds later the escape tower fired prematurely, a situation closely resembling the November 1960 flight. The signal to initiate the abort maneuver was given; and the launch vehicle-adapter clamp ring was released as intended, but the spacecraft remained on the launch vehicle since the escape motor was already expended. The separation was effected by using the retrorockets, but this command was transmitted before the flight had reached its apex, where separation had been planned. Therefore, the separation was rather violent. The parachutes did deploy at about 40,000 feet, and after recovery it was found that the spacecraft had actually incurred only superficial structural damage. In fact, this spacecraft was later used for the subsequent Little Joe 5B (LJ-5B) flight test. Test objectives of the Little Joe 5A (LJ-5A) were not met.


1961 March 21 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 March 24 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury MR-BD - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi). Suborbital test of Redstone modifications using a boilerplate Mercury capsule. The test was done at von Braun's insistence against Shepard's wishes, thereby putting the first US manned flight after Gagarin's..

1961 March 25 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Explorer 10 - . Payload: P-14. Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P-14. Spacecraft: P-14. Decay Date: 1961-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 98 . COSPAR: 1961-Kappa-1. Apogee: 181,100 km (112,500 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 33.0000 deg. Period: 5,013.90 min. Magnetic field data. Decay date suspect Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1961 March 26 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • UM ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi). NASA Aerobee research rocket with University of Michigan payload shot to 406-km altitude from Wallops Station..

1961 March 30 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Alt., BCS, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Maximum Speed - 4441 kph. Maximum Altitude - 51700 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1961 March 31 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1961 April 5 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1961 April 6 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 April 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Reentry Stability re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 April 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 April 14 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1961 April 14 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 April 19 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 09:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Three hardware problems during flight..
  • X-15A Mach 4, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 4946 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32000 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1961 April 25 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: G.
  • Mercury MA-3 - . Payload: Mercury SC8. Mass: 1,355 kg (2,987 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Decay Date: 1961-04-25 .

    Mercury-Atlas 3 (MA-3) was launched from Cape Canaveral in an attempt to orbit the spacecraft with a 'mechanical astronaut' aboard. After lift-off, the launch vehicle failed to roll to a 70 degree heading and to pitch over into the proper trajectory. The abort-sensing system activated the escape rockets prior to the launch vehicle's destruction by the range safety officer after approximately 40 seconds of flight that had attained an altitude of 16,400 feet. The spacecraft then coasted up to 24,000 feet, deployed its parachutes, and landed in the Atlantic Ocean 2,000 yards north of the launch pad. The spacecraft was recovered and was found to have incurred only superficial damage; it was then shipped to McDonnell for refitting.


1961 April 27 - . 14:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II.
  • Explorer 11 - . Payload: S-15. Mass: 37 kg (81 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-15. Spacecraft: S-15. USAF Sat Cat: 107 . COSPAR: 1961-Nu-1. Apogee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Perigee: 480 km (290 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Gamma ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1961 April 27 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi).

1961 April 27 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1961 April 28 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Little Joe 1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1.
  • Mercury LJ-5B - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

    Little Joe 5B (LJ-5B) was launched from Wallops Island to test the Mercury escape system under maximum dynamic pressure conditions. At the time of lift-off, one of the launch vehicle rocket motors did not ignite until after 4 seconds had elapsed. This delay caused the launch vehicle to pitch into a lower trajectory than had been planned, with a result that the abort maneuver experienced greater dynamic pressures than had been specified in the flight test plan. Other than this, all other sequential systems operated according to plan, and after landing, a normal helicopter recovery was accomplished. Thus, all test objectives were met and were actually exceeded because the spacecraft withstood the higher dynamic pressures.


1961 May 2 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Cone test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 May 5 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury MR-3 - . Call Sign: Freedom 7. Crew: Shepard. Backup Crew: Grissom. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom, Shepard. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MR-3. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.0107 days. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

    Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr., made the first United States manned space flight in a Mercury spacecraft launched from Cape Canaveral atop the Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) vehicle. "Freedom 7" completed the suborbital, ballistic flight without incident in this historical first mission of NASA's Project Mercury. Alan Shepard first American in space, less than a month after Gagarin and only on a 15 minute suborbital flight. Only manned flight with original Mercury capsule design (tiny round porthole and periscope a la Vostok). If NASA had not listened to Von Braun, Shepard would have flown on the MR-BD flight of 24 March, beating Gagarin by three weeks and becoming the first man in space (though not in orbit). Shepard's capsule reached an altitude of 115.696 miles, range of 302 miles,and speed of 5,100 miles per hour. He demonstrated control of a vehicle during weightlessness and high G stresses. Recovery operations were perfect; there was no damage to the spacecraft; and Astronaut Shepard was in excellent condition.


1961 May 5 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1961 May 6 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1961 May 9 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1961 May 17 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • AMPP FU6 Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1961 May 18 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1961 May 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 May 19 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • AMPP FU5 Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1961 May 24 - . 19:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. FAILURE: Second Stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Explorer S-45A - . Payload: S-45A. Mass: 33 kg (72 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P-14. Spacecraft: P-14. Decay Date: 1961-05-24 .

1961 May 25 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1961 May 25 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Mach 5, SAS, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5321 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32850 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1961 June 6 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sphere / Inflating Sphere 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 June 9 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1961 June 13 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 867 km (538 mi).

1961 June 15 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Antenna deploy test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 901 km (559 mi).

1961 June 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 June 23 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aerodynamics, Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5797 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32830 m. Lost cabin pressure. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1961 June 24 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Topside Sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,018 km (632 mi).

1961 June 26 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1961 June 30 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. FAILURE: Third stage did not ignite, and the vehicle was destroyed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer (13) S 55 - . Payload: S-55. Mass: 84 kg (185 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-55. Spacecraft: S-55. Decay Date: 1961-06-30 . Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Micrometeorite counter satellite (S-55)..

1961 July 12 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 3 - . Payload: Tiros C (A-3). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 162 . COSPAR: 1961-Rho-1. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 723 km (449 mi). Inclination: 47.9000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1961 July 13 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). Two Nike-Cajun rockets launched University of New Hamsphire-Goddard Space Flight Center payloads from NASA Wallops Station..

1961 July 14 - . 02:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Magnetic Fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Magnetic Fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 July 20 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1961 July 20 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Magnetic Fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1961 July 21 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1961 July 21 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury MR-4 - . Call Sign: Liberty Bell 7. Crew: Grissom. Backup Crew: Glenn. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glenn, Grissom. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MR-4. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.0108 days. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

    The Mercury capsule, Liberty Bell 7, manned by Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom, boosted by a Redstone rocket, reached a peak altitude of 190.3 km and a speed of 8,335 km per hour. After a flight of 15 minutes and 37 seconds, the landing was made 487 km downrange from the launch site. The hatch blew while still in water, and the capsule sank; Grissom saved, though his suit was filling up with water through open oxygen inlet lines.

    This was the second and final manned suborbital Mercury Redstone flight, and the first flight with trapezoidal window. Further suborbital flights (each astronaut was to make one as a training exercise) were cancelled. An attempt to recover the capsule in very deep water in 1994 not successful. It was finally raised in the summer of 1999.


1961 July 26 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1961 August 10 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A XLR-99, beta-dot test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4401 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23830 m. Lost cabin pressure. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1961 August 12 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1961 August 16 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Explorer 12 - . Payload: EPE A (S-3). Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: EPE. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1963-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 170 . COSPAR: 1961-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 76,620 km (47,600 mi). Perigee: 790 km (490 mi). Inclination: 33.4000 deg. Period: 1,587.30 min. Radiation and solar wind data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1961 August 16 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1961 August 18 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1961 August 23 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Agena B second stage failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ranger 1 - . Payload: NASA P-32 (RA-1). Mass: 306 kg (674 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 1-2. Decay Date: 1961-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 173 . COSPAR: 1961-Phi-1. Apogee: 446 km (277 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 32.9000 deg. Period: 90.60 min.

    Lunar probe; failed to leave Earth orbit. Ranger 1, a test version of the spacecraft which would attempt an unmanned crash landing on the moon, was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range by an Atlas-Agena B booster. The 306 kg spacecraft did not attain the scheduled extremely elongated orbit because of the misfiring of the Agena B rocket. Although the spacecraft systems were tested successfully, only part of the eight project experiments could be carried out. Ranger 1 reentered on August 29 after 111 orbits. Ranger 1's primary mission was to test the performance of those functions and parts that are necessary for carrying out subsequent lunar and planetary missions using essentially the same spacecraft design.


1961 August 25 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Explorer 13 - . Payload: S-55A. Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-55. Spacecraft: S-55. Decay Date: 1961-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 180 . COSPAR: 1961-Chi-1. Apogee: 1,164 km (723 mi). Perigee: 125 km (77 mi). Inclination: 37.7000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Useless orbit; micrometeoroid research. Partial Failure..

1961 August 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: RAM A.
  • RAM A-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,280 km (790 mi).

1961 August 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 August 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcas Robin Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 September 12 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aerodynamics, Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Maximum Speed - 5821 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34840 m. Smoke in cockpit due to scorching paint. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1961 September 13 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi).

1961 September 13 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-4 - . Payload: Mercury SC8A. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Decay Date: 1961-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 183 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Alpha-1. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi). Perigee: 156 km (96 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 88.40 min.

    Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) was launched from Cape Canaveral with special vibration and noise instrumentation and a mechanical crewman simulator aboard in addition to the normal spacecraft equipment. This was the first Mercury spacecraft to attain an earth orbit. The orbital apogee was 123 nautical miles and the perigee was 86 nautical miles. After one orbit, the spacecraft's orbital timing device triggered the retrograde rockets, and the spacecraft splashed in the Atlantic Ocean 161 miles east of Bermuda. Recovery was made by the USS Decatur. During the flight, only three slight deviations were noted - a small leak in the oxygen system; loss of voice contact over Australia; and the failure of an inverter in the environmental control system. Overall, the flight was highly successful: the Atlas booster performed well and demonstrated that it was ready for the manned flight, the spacecraft systems operated well, and the Mercury global tracking network and telemetry operated in an excellent manner and was ready to support manned orbital flight.


1961 September 13 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 431 km (267 mi).

1961 September 16 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1961 September 16 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1961 September 16 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade / Inf Sphere 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1961 September 17 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1961 September 17 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1961 September 17 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades / Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1961 September 18 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi). First of four scheduled Skylark rocket firings was launched from Woomera in the joint United States-Australian ultraviolet survey of the southern skies..

1961 September 23 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1961 September 28 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Heat Trans. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5792 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31030 m. Test reentry heat limit. Smoke in cockpit due to scorching paint. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1961 September 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 September 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • OSO spectrometer Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1961 September 30 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1961 October 3 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Flight made with lower ventral off. Maximum Speed - 4553 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23770 m. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1961 October 4 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1961 October 10 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,544 km (959 mi). NASA Argo D-4 rocket was launched from Wallops, reaching an altitude of 585 miles and landing 817 miles out in the Atlantic, to gather data on the density of electrically charged helium atoms in the upper atmosphere..

1961 October 11 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Left windshield cracks..
  • X-15A Alt, Aero, Low q test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Outer panel of left windshield cracked. Maximum Speed - 5868 kph. Maximum Altitude - 66150 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1961 October 14 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Topside Sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,055 km (655 mi).

1961 October 15 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1961 October 17 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aero, Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Maximum Speed - 6275 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33100 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1961 October 17 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1961 October 18 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1961 October 19 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1.
  • P-21 Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6,855 km (4,259 mi).

1961 October 24 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 October 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 October 27 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1961 October 27 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

    Largest known rocket launch to date, the Saturn I 1st stage booster, successful on first test flight from Atlantic Missile Range. With its eight clustered engines developing almost 1.3 million pounds of thrust at launch, the Saturn (SA-1) hurled waterfilled dummy upper stages to an altitude of 84.8 miles and 214.7 miles down range. In a postlaunch statement, Administrator Webb said: "The flight today was a splendid demonstration of the strength of our national space program and an important milestone in the buildup of our national capacity to launch heavy payloads necessary to carry out the program projected by President Kennedy on May 25.".


1961 November 1 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1961 November 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 November 2 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1961 November 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 November 5 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1961 November 9 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Right windshield cracks..
  • X-15A Mach 6, Aero, Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Design speed achieved. Outer right windshield shattered. Maximum Speed - 6586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30950 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1961 November 15 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • BIOS I Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,057 km (656 mi).

1961 November 18 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1961 November 18 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Agena B Second Stage failed to restart.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ranger 2 - . Payload: NASA P-33 (RA-2). Mass: 304 kg (670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 1-2. Decay Date: 1961-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 206 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Theta-1. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 150 km (90 mi). Inclination: 33.3000 deg. Period: 88.30 min.

    This was a flight test of the Ranger spacecraft system designed for future lunar and interplanetary missions. The spacecraft was launched into a low earth parking orbit, but an inoperative roll gyro prevented Agena restart resulting in Ranger 2 being stranded in low earth orbit. The orbit decayed and the spacecraft reentered Earth's atmosphere on 20 November 1961.


1961 November 18 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • BIOS I Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,057 km (656 mi).

1961 November 20 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1961 November 22 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 November 29 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-5 - . Payload: Mercury SC9. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Decay Date: 1961-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 208 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Iota-1. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 32.6000 deg. Period: 88.30 min.

    Atlas D (53D) was the first missile to be launched by SAC from Vandenberg in the operation test (Category III) launch program. Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5), the second and final orbital qualification of the spacecraft prior to manned flight was launched from Cape Canaveral with Enos, a 37.5 pound chimpanzee, aboard. Scheduled for three orbits, the spacecraft was returned to earth after two orbits due to the failure of a roll reaction jet and to the overheating of an inverter in the electrical system. Both of these difficulties could have been corrected had an astronaut been aboard. The spacecraft was recovered 255 miles southeast of Bermuda by the USS Stormes. During the flight, the chimpanzee performed psychomotor duties and upon recovery was found to be in excellent physical condition. The flight was termed highly successful and the Mercury spacecraft well qualified to support manned orbital flight.


1961 December 10 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Auroral radiation Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1961 December 14 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Trailblazer IIa re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

    NASA fired a four-stage solid-fuel Trailblazer rocket from Wallops Station, Virginia, in the first of a series of reentry tests. Two stages boosted the rocket to 167 miles; then the other two drove the nose cone down through the atmosphere at 14,000 miles per hour.


1961 December 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 December 20 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). First flight for X-15 # 3. Maximum Speed - 4026 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24700 m. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1961 December 21 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1961 December 21 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1961 December 22 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • UM Ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1962 January 10 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Mud Lake..
  • X-15A High alpha, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Emergency landing on Mud Lake after engine failed to light. Maximum Speed - 1038 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13,640 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 January 13 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1962 January 16 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MH-96. Mach 5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 6058 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40690 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 January 26 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Agena B second stage guidance system failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ranger 3 - . Payload: NASA P-34 (RA-3). Mass: 327 kg (720 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 221 . COSPAR: 1962-Alpha-1.

    Lunar impact probe; missed the moon by 36,874 km and went into solar orbit. A malfunction in the booster guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft speed. Reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition, and mid-course correction was not possible. Some useful data were obtained from the flight. Of four scientific experiments only one was partially completed: gamma-ray readings of the lunar surface. Attempts to relay television pictures of the moon and to bounce radar signals off the moon at close range were unsuccessful.


1962 February 6 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 February 7 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1962 February 7 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 960 km (590 mi).

1962 February 8 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 4 - . Payload: Tiros D (A-9). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 226 . COSPAR: 1962-Beta-1. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Returned 32593 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 February 17 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1962 February 20 - . 13:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1962 February 20 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-6 - . Call Sign: Friendship 7. Crew: Glenn. Backup Crew: Carpenter. Payload: Mercury SC13. Mass: 1,355 kg (2,987 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carpenter, Glenn. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-6. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.21 days. Decay Date: 1962-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 240 . COSPAR: 1962-Gamma-1. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

    The 6555th Aerospace Test Wing launched the Mercury/Atlas D (MA-6), "Friendship 7," that placed the Mercury capsule containing LtColonel John Glenn, USMC, into orbit for the first Project Mercury manned orbital flight. "Friendship 7" completed three orbits before successful reentry and recovery in the Atlantic Ocean. First US manned orbital mission. John Glenn finally puts America in orbit. False landing bag deploy light led to reentry being started with retropack left in place on heat shield. It turned out that indicator light was false and a spectacular reentry ensued, with glowing chunks of the retropack whizzing by the window. After four hours and 43 minutes the spacecraft reentered the atmosphere and landed at 2:43 pm EST in the planned recovery area NE of the Island of Puerto Rico. All flight objectives were achieved. Glenn was reported to be in excellent condition. Beause of failure of one of the automatic systems, the astronaut took over manual control of the spacecraft during part of the flight. With this flight, the basic objectives of Project Mercury had been achieved.


1962 February 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: RAM A.
  • RAM A-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1A.
  • Reentry 1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Water test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Water test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1962 March 7 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • OSO 1 - . Payload: OSO A (S-16). Mass: 208 kg (458 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OSO. Spacecraft: OSO. Decay Date: 1981-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 255 . COSPAR: 1962-Zeta-1. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Orbiting Solar Observatory; solar flare observations. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 March 19 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 23:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade, Inflating Sphere 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 March 27 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1962 March 28 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1962 March 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 March 29 - . 07:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-2.
  • P-21A Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6,291 km (3,909 mi).

1962 March 30 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 March 31 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 3 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1962 April 4 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1962 April 5 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ozone release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1962 April 5 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

    Maximum Speed - 4586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54860 m. The X-15 was flown in a test of a new automatic control system to be used in the Dyna-Soar and Apollo spacecraft. The previous electronic control system had been automatic only while the X-15 was in the atmosphere; the new system was automatic in space as well. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ.


1962 April 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1962 April 17 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1962 April 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 19 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A ASAS, alpha 20, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi). Maximum Speed - 6220 kph. Maximum Altitude - 46940 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 April 20 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MH-96, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 6097 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63250 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 April 23 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 4 - . Mass: 328 kg (723 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. Decay Date: 1962-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 280 . COSPAR: 1962-Mu-1.

    The 6555th Aerospace Test Wing launched an Atlas D/Agena B vehicle that carried NASA's Ranger IV to the moon. This was the first U.S. instrument package to impact on the moon. Ranger IV was launched by an Atlas-Agena B booster from the Atlantic Missile Range, attained a parking orbit, and was fired into the proper lunar trajectory by the restart of the Agena B engine. Failure of a timer in the spacecraft payload caused loss of both internal and ground control over the vehicle. The Goldstone Tracking Station maintained contact with the spacecraft until it passed behind the left edge of the moon on April 26. It impacted at a speed of 9,617 km per hour, the first American spacecraft to land on the lunar surface. The Agena B second stage passed to the right of the moon and later went into orbit around the sun. Lunar photography objectives were not achieved.


1962 April 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Maximum Speed - 5879 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32160 m..

1962 April 25 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

    Second suborbital test of Saturn I. The Saturn SA-2 first stage booster was launched successfully from Cape Canaveral. The rocket was blown up intentionally and on schedule about 2.5 minutes after liftoff at an altitude of 65 miles, dumping the water ballast from the dummy second and third stages into the upper atmosphere. The experiment, Project Highwater, produced a massive ice cloud and lightning-like effects. The eight clustered H-1 engines in the first stage produced 1.3 million pounds of thrust and the maximum speed attained by the booster was 3,750 miles per hour. Modifications to decrease the slight fuel sloshing encountered near the end of the previous flight test were successful.


1962 April 26 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 26 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Ariel 1 - . Payload: UK 1 (S-51). Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: NASA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1976-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 285 . COSPAR: 1962-Omicron-1. Apogee: 1,203 km (747 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 53.8000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Ionospheric studies; returned X-ray, ionospheric, cosmic ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 April 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 30 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Alt, Low q, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Design altitude flight. Maximum Speed - 5614 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75190 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 May 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • Eglin Demonstration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 3 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 May 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • ELF electron trap Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 845 km (525 mi).

1962 May 4 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1962 May 4 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1962 May 4 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 May 5 - . Launch Site: Altus AFB. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • Eglin Demonstration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 5 - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • Eglin Demonstration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 5 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 May 8 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1962 May 8 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heat T/ASAS/High al. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). Maximum Speed - 5670 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21460 m. First flight to exceed 2000 psf (136 bar) dynamic pressure. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 May 8 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. FAILURE: Vehicle exploded due to insulation problems on the Atlas.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

    The first attempt to launch an Atlas/Centaur from the Atlantic Missile Range was unsuccessful when the Centaur stage blew up at T+55 seconds due to a second stage structural failure. Despite this failure, the launch marked the first U.S. use of a space vehicle fueled by a liquid hydrogen engine. First Centaur flight (unsuccessful).


1962 May 18 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 May 22 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Local flow test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5551 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30600 m. Roller coaster flight with three peaks for local airflow investigation. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 May 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-7 - . Call Sign: Aurora 7. Crew: Carpenter. Backup Crew: Schirra. Payload: Mercury SC18. Mass: 1,349 kg (2,974 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carpenter, Schirra. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-7. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.21 days. Decay Date: 1962-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 295 . COSPAR: 1962-Tau-1. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

    BSD's 6555th Aerospace Test Wing launched Mercury/Atlas 7 (MA-7), "Aurora 7", into orbit carrying Navy Commander M. Scott Carpenter. This was the second U.S. manned orbital flight mission. Scott Carpenter in Aurora 7 is enthralled by his environment but uses too much orientation fuel. Yaw error and late retrofire caused the landing impact point to be over 300 km beyond the intended area and beyond radio range of the recovery forces. Landing occurred 4 hours and 56 minutes after liftoff. Astronaut Carpenter was later picked up safely by a helicopter after a long wait in the ocean and fears for his safety. NASA was not impressed and Carpenter left the agency soon thereafter to become an aquanaut.


1962 May 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 25 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Sea recovery test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Sea recovery test mission..

1962 May 25 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 June 1 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A ASAS, 23 alpha, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 5913 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40420 m. Steepest reentry descent with highest angle of attack (27 degrees) to date. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 June 6 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade, Inflating Sphere 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Local flow, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5908 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31580 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 June 8 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1962 June 12 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A RCS check, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi). Maximum Speed - 5659 kph. Maximum Altitude - 56270 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 June 15 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1962 June 19 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 5 - . Payload: Tiros E (A-50). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 309 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Alpha-1. Apogee: 880 km (540 mi). Perigee: 580 km (360 mi). Inclination: 58.1000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. Returned 58226 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 June 20 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1962 June 21 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Maximum Speed - 5858 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75190 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 June 27 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A High alpha, Mach 6 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 37 km (22 mi). Unofficial world speed record. Maximum Speed - 6603 kph. Maximum Altitude - 37700 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 June 29 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heating rates, notch test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 5278 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25360 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 June 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • JHU Airglow 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1962 June 30 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • JHU Airglow 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1962 July 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 July 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 July 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 July 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 July 16 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Power trips..
  • X-15A Notch/ASAS/Aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32670 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 July 17 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). FAI world altitude record. Maximum Speed - 6166 kph. Maximum Altitude - 95940 m. First astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 July 19 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heating rates, drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 5590 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25680 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 July 22 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Mariner 1 - . Payload: Mariner R-1. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 1-2. Decay Date: 1962-07-22 . Venus probe..

1962 July 24 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Lyra alpha test Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1962 July 26 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Aero stab. and drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 6418 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30150 m. Roller coaster descent to simulate emergency reentry. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 July 28 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 August 2 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MH-96 fixed gain test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi). Maximum Speed - 5532 kph. Maximum Altitude - 44040 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 August 8 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1962 August 8 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heating, aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 4735 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27700 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 August 8 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 August 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 August 14 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Roll damper failure..
  • X-15A Const Theta Entry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi). Maximum Speed - 6029 kph. Maximum Altitude - 59010 m. New reentry technique using pitch angle instrument instead of AOA. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 August 20 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heating, drag, ASAS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27000 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 August 23 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1962 August 27 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Mariner 2 - . Payload: Mariner R-2. Mass: 201 kg (443 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 1-2. USAF Sat Cat: 374 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Rho-1.

    Mariner 2 was the first spacecraft to successfully flyby another planet. It was a backup for the Mariner 1 mission which failed shortly after launch to Venus. After launch and termination of the Agena first burn, the Agena-Mariner was in a 118 km altitude Earth parking orbit. The Agena second burn injected the Mariner 2 spacecraft into a geocentric escape hyperbola at 26 minutes 3 seconds after lift-off. Solar panel extension was completed about 44 minutes after launch. On 29 August 1962 cruise science experiments were turned on. A midcourse maneuver was initiated at 22:49:00 GMT on 4 September and completed at 2:45:25 GMT 5 September. On 8 September at 17:50 GMT the spacecraft suddenly lost its attitude control, which was restored by the gyroscopes 3 minutes later. The cause was unknown but may have been a collision with a small object. On October 31 the output from one solar panel deteriorated abruptly, and the science cruise instruments were turned off. A week later the panel resumed normal function and instruments were turned back on. The panel permanently failed on 15 November, but Mariner 2 was close enough to the Sun that one panel could supply adequate power. On December 14 the radiometers were turned on. Mariner 2 approached Venus from 30 degrees above the dark side of the planet, and passed below the planet at its closest distance of 34,773 km at 19:59:28 GMT 14 December 1962. After encounter, cruise mode resumed. Spacecraft perihelion occurred on 27 December at a distance of 105,464,560 km. The last transmission from Mariner 2 was received on 3 January 1963 at 07:00 GMT. Mariner 2 remains in heliocentric orbit. Scientific discoveries made by Mariner 2 included a slow retrograde rotation rate for Venus, hot surface temperatures and high surface pressures, a predominantly carbon dioxide atmosphere, continuous cloud cover with a top altitude of about 60 km, and no detectable magnetic field. It was also shown that in interplanetary space the solar wind streams continuously and the cosmic dust density is much lower than the near-Earth region. Improved estimates of Venus' mass and the value of the astronomical unit were made.


1962 August 29 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heating test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5546 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29630 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 August 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3A. FAILURE: Late stage 3 ignition.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Reentry 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Re-entry test vehicle. Decay Date: 1962-08-31 . Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1962 September 6 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1962 September 18 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 6 - . Payload: Tiros F2 (A-51). Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 397 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Psi-1. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 58.3000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Returned 66674 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: RAM B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RAM B-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 September 22 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet Photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1962 September 22 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,691 km (1,050 mi).

1962 September 25 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1962 September 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 September 28 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heating, VO Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). This and most following flights without lower ventral. Maximum Speed - 4450 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20790 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 September 29 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • TAVE - . Payload: TAVE. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft Bus: TAVE. Spacecraft: TAVE. USAF Sat Cat: 426 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Alpha-2. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 993 km (617 mi). Inclination: 80.5000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Thor Agena Vibration Experiment.

1962 September 30 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Lockheed XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1962 October 2 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta A.
  • Explorer 14 - . Payload: EPE B (S-3A). Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: EPE. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1964-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 432 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Gamma-1. Apogee: 96,229 km (59,793 mi). Perigee: 2,558 km (1,589 mi). Inclination: 42.3000 deg. Period: 2,184.60 min. Magnetosphere studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 October 3 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-8 - . Call Sign: Sigma 7. Crew: Schirra. Backup Crew: Cooper. Payload: Mercury SC16. Mass: 1,374 kg (3,029 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cooper, Schirra. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-8. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.38 days. Decay Date: 1962-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 433 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Delta-1. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    The Sigma 7 spacecraft with Astronaut Walter M. Schirra, Jr., as pilot was launched into orbit by a Mercury-Atlas vehicle from Atlantic Missile Range. In the most successful American manned space flight to date, Schirra traveled nearly six orbits, returning to earth at a predetermined point in the Pacific Ocean 9 hours, 13 minutes after liftoff. Within 40 minutes after landing, he and his spacecraft were safely aboard the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Kearsarge. Schirra attempted and achieved a nearly perfect mission by sticking rigorously to mission plan.


1962 October 3 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 October 4 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure of APU, ball nose, and yaw damper..
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Maximum Speed - 5620 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34200 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 October 9 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 5979 kph. Maximum Altitude - 39700 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 October 10 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 October 16 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Langmir Probe / CWPE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 5 - . Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 439 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Eta-1.

    The Ranger V lunar probe was launched from Atlantic Missile Range by an Atlas-Agena B launch vehicle. The Agena B stage attained parking orbit and 25 minutes later reignited to send Ranger V toward the moon. A malfunction in the Agena B guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft velocity. The spacecraft's solar cells did not provide power and reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition. This made reception of the flight-path correction signal impossible and rendering its television cameras useless. Reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition, and mid-course correction was not possible. The spacecraft missed the Moon by 725 km and went into solar orbit. Gamma-ray data were collected for 4 hours prior to the loss of power. Ranger V was to have relayed television pictures of the lunar surface and rough-landed an instrumented capsule containing a seismometer. The spacecraft was tracked for 8 hours, 44 minutes, before its small reserve battery went dead. Additional Details: here....


1962 October 19 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 October 23 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi). Maximum Speed - 6056 kph. Maximum Altitude - 41000 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 October 27 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta A.
  • Explorer 15 - . Payload: EPE C (S-3C SERB). Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: EPE. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1978-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 445 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Lambda-1. Apogee: 17,610 km (10,940 mi). Perigee: 306 km (190 mi). Inclination: 17.9000 deg. Period: 314.70 min. Radiation decay data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 October 29 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1962 October 30 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • OAO sensors Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1962 November 1 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1962 November 5 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1962 November 6 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 November 7 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1962 November 7 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release (14.13?) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1962 November 9 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Engine failure. Crash landing on Mud Lake..
  • X-15A VO Stab, Bound.Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Engine only produced 35% power. Emergency landing at Mud Lake. Aircraft seriously damaged when gear failed. McKay injured. Maximum Speed - 1640 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16450 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 November 13 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

    Third suborbital test of Saturn I. Saturn-Apollo 3 (Saturn C-1, later called Saturn I) was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range. Upper stages of the launch vehicle were filled with 23000 gallons of water to simulate the weight of live stages. At its peak altitude of 167 kilometers (104 miles), four minutes 53 seconds after launch, the rocket was detonated by explosives upon command from earth. The water was released into the ionosphere, forming a massive cloud of ice particles several miles in diameter. By this experiment, known as "Project Highwater," scientists had hoped to obtain data on atmospheric physics, but poor telemetry made the results questionable. The flight was the third straight success for the Saturn C-1 and the first with maximum fuel on board.


1962 November 16 - . 20:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 November 18 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1962 November 20 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 November 20 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • Thermosphere Probe 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi).

1962 November 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1962 November 30 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1962 November 30 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Langmuir / Sodium Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III TERRY Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1962 December 3 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III SHARON Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Langmuir / Sodium Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 10 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 December 11 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1962 December 11 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • VO Stab, UVP - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 13 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Airglow 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 December 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1962 December 13 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta B.
  • Relay 1 - . Payload: NASA A-15. Mass: 78 kg (171 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Relay. Spacecraft: Relay. USAF Sat Cat: 503 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 7,440 km (4,620 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 47.5000 deg. Period: 185.10 min. Communications satellite technology tests. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1962 December 14 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO Stab, UVP Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi). Maximum Speed - 6021 kph. Maximum Altitude - 43100 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 December 14 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 December 16 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3.
  • Explorer 16 - . Payload: S-55B. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-55. Spacecraft: S-55. USAF Sat Cat: 506 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Chi-1. Apogee: 1,159 km (720 mi). Perigee: 744 km (462 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Micrometeoroid data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 December 17 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 December 18 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 December 20 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO Stab, MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi). Maximum Speed - 6103 kph. Maximum Altitude - 48900 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 December 20 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 December 21 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 December 28 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Trailblazer IId re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1963? - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
  • Cork reentry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1963 January 3 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 January 3 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1963 January 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 9 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 10 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 January 11 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 January 17 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ozone release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1963 January 17 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO Alt, IR expt Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). First civilian flight above 80 km. Maximum Speed - 5917 kph. Maximum Altitude - 82810 m. Second astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 January 17 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 18 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 22 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 28 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 January 29 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Airglow 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1963 January 31 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 February 7 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1963 Feb 12? - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Pad: LC43D. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 February 12 - . 01:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Electron Spectrometer Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,675 km (1,040 mi).

1963 February 13 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 February 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1963 February 18 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Grenades / Sodium release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1963 February 21 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1963 February 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Eclipse inst test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 February 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 February 28 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1963 February 28 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1963 March 8 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 March 8 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 March 9 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1963 March 9 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1963 March 11 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 March 12 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 March 16 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Lockheed XR 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1963 March 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
  • Hypervelocity test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1963 March 18 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 March 19 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Pad: LC43D. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 March 21 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 March 22 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet geocorona? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Eclipse inst test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

    Fourth suborbital test of Saturn I. The S-I Saturn stage reached an altitude of 129 kilometers (80 statute miles) and a peak velocity of 5,906 kilometers (3,660 miles) per hour. This was the last of four successful tests for the first stage of the Saturn I vehicle. After 100 seconds of flight, No. 5 of the booster's eight engines was cut off by a preset timer. That engine's propellants were rerouted to the remaining seven, which continued to burn. This experiment confirmed the "engine-out" capability that MSFC engineers had designed into the Saturn I.


1963 April 2 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1963 April 3 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1963 April 3 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 April 5 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 April 9 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1963 April 11 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A KC-1/APU Test/Imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Maximum Speed - 4608 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22680 m. First flight in scientific and advanced research series - carried aerial mapping camera. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 April 11 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 April 12 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • CSIRO VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1963 April 12 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1963 April 15 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 April 16 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 April 17 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 April 18 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Nose gear scoop door opens at Mach 3.4..
  • X-15A HT,Local flow,IR Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Nose landing gear failed. Maximum Speed - 6066 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28190 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 April 18 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • Thermo Probe 2(AE-A) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi).

1963 April 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput.
  • San Marco Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi).

1963 April 22 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1963 April 23 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A KC-1 Imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5879 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32160 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 April 30 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Judi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1963 April 30 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Judi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1963 May 2 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A APU,UVP,IR,flow Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technolgy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 5612 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63820 m. Carried earth background radiation instrument in support of Midas reconnsat development. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1963 May 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
  • Hypervelocity test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1963 May 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 May 7 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • JHU Airglow 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1963 May 8 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1963 May 8 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 May 9 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • CSIRO VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 May 14 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Paraglider Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1963 May 14 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heating,UVP,IR Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5792 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29140 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 May 14 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 May 15 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Nose gear scoop door opens at Mach 5.2..
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Trav Probe Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 37 km (22 mi). Maximum Speed - 6204 kph. Maximum Altitude - 37860 m. Lost both nose landing gear tires and forward fuselage buckled after APU gear box pressure loss. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 May 16 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Rehbar 3? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly IV SARAH Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Pad: LC43D. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly IV BLANCHE Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1963 May 20 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Firefly IV IRENE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3.
  • RFD-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1963 May 23 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: Canterbury, NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 23 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 24 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1963 May 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1963 May 25 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1963 May 28 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: RAM B.
  • RAM B-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1963 May 29 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Aero heating/VO Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Inner panel of left windshield cracked. Maximum Speed - 6208 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28040 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 June 7 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1963 June 17 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1963 June 18 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Alt, UVP, Tail p Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi). Maximum Speed - 5694 kph. Maximum Altitude - 68180 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 June 19 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1963 June 19 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 June 20 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL Coronagraph test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1963 June 25 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Trav Probe Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Maximum Speed - 6293 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34080 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 June 27 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Alt/UVP/IR/HorScan Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi). Maximum Speed - 5511 kph. Maximum Altitude - 86870 m. Third astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 June 28 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL NE3.129? Solar / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1963 July 1 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 July 2 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Topside sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 934 km (580 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 July 9 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/TravP/RAS Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi). Maximum Speed - 5842 kph. Maximum Altitude - 69010 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 July 10 - . 02:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1963 July 14 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Eclipse cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1963 July 17 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 July 17 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 July 18 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 6315 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31940 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1963 July 19 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1963 July 19 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO,UVP,IR,HS,Balloon Test/Technology/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

    Maximum Speed - 5969 kph. Maximum Altitude - 106010 m. Astronaut wings flight. 80 cm diameter balloon dragged on 30 m line to measure air density. First X-15 astronaut flight (FAI definition); fourth astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Smith Ranch Lake DZ.


1963 July 20 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3A. FAILURE: Failure..
  • Reentry 3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

    NASA launched a Scout rocket with a nose cone of experimental heatshield material from Wallops Island, Va. The rocket was intentionally destroyed when it deviated from its course a few seconds after liftoff. The nose cone had been expected to reenter the atmosphere at 27,934 kilometers (18,600 miles) per hour to test the material's thermal performance under heating loads near those of a lunar reentry.


1963 July 20 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • OSO B spectrometer Solar ultraviolet / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operation Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operation Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Operation Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Eclipse Airglow Aeronomy / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Opn Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Opn Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • Thermosphere Probe 3 Aeronomy / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Opn Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1963 July 23 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1963 July 26 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 July 31 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 August 2 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput.
  • San Marco Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1963 August 2 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 August 6 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 August 7 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 August 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 August 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 August 15 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 August 22 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A VO,Spectrom,Photom Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi). Unofficial world altitude record. Maximum Speed - 6105 kph. Maximum Altitude - 107960 m. Second X-15 astronaut flight (FAI definition); fifth astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Smith Ranch Lake DZ..

1963 August 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • QTV Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

    The Little Joe II qualification test vehicle was launched from White Sands Missile Range, N Mexico. Its objectives were to prove the Little Joe's capability as an Apollo spacecraft test vehicle and to determine base pressures and heating on the missile. These aims were achieved. The lone failure was a malfunction in the destruct system.


1963 September 4 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR nuclei Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1963 September 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • OSO B experiment Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1963 September 9 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Electrojet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1963 September 11 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1963 September 19 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 September 19 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 September 23 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 04:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1963 September 28 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1963 September 29 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Topside sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,037 km (644 mi).

1963 September 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 1 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • OSO B spectrometer Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1963 October 1 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 1 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 October 4 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field probe Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1963 October 7 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout/Opt Deg. Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4560 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23710 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1963 October 9 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1963 October 9 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1963 October 10 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet geocorona? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 October 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1963 October 10 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1963 October 11 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1963 October 14 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 October 15 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar XRT Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1963 October 15 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 October 17 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1963 October 22 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 October 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Sharp Upper Vert. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 aborted launch (Sharp Upper Vert.).

1963 October 29 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout/Opt Deg. Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Maximum Speed - 4364 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22600 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 October 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 October 31 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1963 October 31 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 October 31 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Vibration test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1963 November 6 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 November 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Apollo CSM. Launch Vehicle: Apollo LES.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 November 7 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Sharp Upper Vert. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 4706 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25080 m. First flight with sharp-edged vertical stabilizer. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 November 12 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • JHU Airglow 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1963 November 12 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 November 13 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 November 14 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A CO/Opt Deg/Systems Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 5287 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27680 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 November 15 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 November 17 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1963 November 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 aborted launch (Checkout).

1963 November 21 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.01 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1963 November 21 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 November 26 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 3 / Den Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1963 November 26 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sphere / Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 November 27 - . 20:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 5326 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27371 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1963 December 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 December 5 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Sys/Mach 6 Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 6465 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30785 m. Camera test in combination with U-2 flight. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1963 December 5 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 December 7 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1963 December 7 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1963 December 13 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1963 December 13 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar x-ray / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1963 December 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Opt Deg Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 aborted launch (Opt Deg).

1963 December 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 January 8 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.02? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1964 January 8 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Inertial instruments failure..
  • X-15A SAS Off Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 42 km (26 mi). Maximum Speed - 5818 kph. Maximum Altitude - 42642 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1964 January 12 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.03? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1964 January 16 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1964 January 16 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 January 16 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Sharp Upper Vert test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). Maximum Speed - 5216 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21641 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 January 17 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Composition / Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi).

1964 January 22 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 January 22 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1964 January 23 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1964 January 24 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 January 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 January 25 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 20.01? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1964 January 27 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 20.02? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5821 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32736 m. First test of hypersonic speed brakes. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 January 29 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 20.03? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 January 30 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 6 - . Payload: RA-6. Mass: 362 kg (798 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1964-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 747 . COSPAR: 1964-007A.

    Impacted Moon but TV camera malfunctioned. A midcourse trajectory correction was accomplished early in the flight by ground control. On February 2, 1964, 65.5 hours after launch, Ranger 6 impacted the Moon on the eastern edge of Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility). No camera data were obtained, probably because of failure due to an arc-over in the TV power system when it inadvertently turned on during the period of booster-engine separation.


1964 January 31 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 20.04? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 February 4 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 February 4 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1964 February 4 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 February 5 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 February 5 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 12 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Fin test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 04:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 19 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SUV,Boundary Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5662 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23957 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 February 19 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 February 20 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 February 20 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 February 26 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 February 26 - . 21:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Aurora 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1964 February 29 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 March 7 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1964 March 12 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 March 13 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A SUV,Boundary Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5458 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23165 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 March 13 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 March 13 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1964 March 17 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 aborted launch (Optical Degradation).

1964 March 17 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 March 18 - . 06:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral photometry Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 March 18 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 March 19 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta B. FAILURE: Insufficient third stage thrust.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer (20) - . Payload: Beacon Explorer A. Mass: 54 kg (119 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: BE. Spacecraft: BE. Decay Date: 1964-03-19 . Also known as Explorer S-66..

1964 March 20 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral photometry Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 March 20 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 March 23 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral photometry Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1964 March 24 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral Electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1964 March 25 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1964 March 26 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1964 March 27 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 6158 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30937 m. Secret reconn camera test. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 March 27 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 March 31 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 March 31 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 April 1 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 April 3 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 April 3 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 April 8 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation /Alternate Build Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi). Maximum Speed - 5580 kph. Maximum Altitude - 53340 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 April 9 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 4? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1964 April 9 - . 21:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: RAM B.
  • RAM B-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964 April 10 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1964 April 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 April 13 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 April 14 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1964 April 14 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi).

1964 April 14 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • FIRE 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 837 km (520 mi).

    FIRE was a subscale model of the Apollo capsule used to verify the spacecraft's hypersonic flight and thermal characteristics. An Atlas D launch vehicle lifted a Project Fire spacecraft from Cape Kennedy in the first test of the heat that would be encountered by a spacecraft reentering the atmosphere at lunar-return velocity. During the spacecraft's fall toward earth, a solid-fuel Antares II rocket behind the payload fired for 30 seconds, increasing the descent speed to 40,501 kilometers (25,166 miles) per hour. Instruments in the spacecraft radioed temperature data to the ground. The spacecraft exterior reached an estimated temperature of 11,400 K (20,000 degrees F). About 32 minutes after launch, the spacecraft impacted into the Atlantic Ocean. The mission, sponsored by Langley Research Center, provided reentry heating measurements needed to evaluate heatshield materials and information on the communications blackout during reentry.


1964 April 15 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 5 / Fire calibration Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 April 15 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 6 / Fire calibration Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 April 15 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 727 km (451 mi).

1964 April 16 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1964 April 18 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 April 18 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Astrochemistry Meteorites / ionosphere / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Att Indic. Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 6285 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30968 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 May 4 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 May 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 May 12 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Problems with inertial platform and SAS..
  • X-15A SUV/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Maximum Speed - 4962 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22189 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 May 13 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • A-001 / BP-12 Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). First flight test of Little Joe II using a command module (CM) boilerplate (BP-12) at White Sands Missile Range, N. Mex..

1964 May 19 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1964 May 19 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation /Alternate Build Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi). Maximum Speed - 5262 kph. Maximum Altitude - 59680 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 May 20 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 May 21 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Cuddleback Lake..
  • X-15A SUV/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi). Premature engine shutdown at 41 sec. Maximum Speed - 3001 kph. Maximum Altitude - 19568 m. Air dropped in Silver Lake DZ..

1964 May 21 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 May 22 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 May 25 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 May 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 May 28 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1964 June 3 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1964 June 9 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Paraglider Technology / meteoroid mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field 1 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 June 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 June 11 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 June 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 June 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Carry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight (X-15A-2 modification).

1964 June 15 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 June 17 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 June 23 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 aborted launch (Stability).

1964 June 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BioSpace 1 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 June 25 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field 2 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 June 25 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 4994 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25390 m. First flight of X-15 No. 2 in X-15A-2 configuration, but without drop tanks. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 June 26 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field 3 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1964 June 30 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. FAILURE: Centaur hydraulics failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Centaur AC-3 - . Payload: Centaur 1C. Mass: 4,815 kg (10,615 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Decay Date: 1964-06-30 . Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Centaur test. Launch vehicle was to have put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1964 June 30 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation /Alternate Build Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5364 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30358 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 July 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 July 6 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 July 8 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: MH-96 guidance malfunction..
  • X-15A Hor Scan/MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Maximum Speed - 5664 kph. Maximum Altitude - 51938 m. First test of IR horizon scanner. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 July 9 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 July 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BioSpace 2 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 July 16 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Antenna impedance Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1964 July 20 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4.
  • SERT 1 Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4,002 km (2,486 mi).

    Suborbital 30 minute test of NASA SERT ion engine. The early part of the flight was dedicated to attempts to operate the cesium engine. The cesium engine could not be started because of a high-voltage electrical short circuit. The mercury engine was started about 14 minutes into the flight. This engine was successfully operated for 31 minutes with 53 high-voltage recycle vents which were handled by the fault protection system. Each of the recycle events was only a few seconds duration. Major results from the test were the first demonstration of an ion engine in space, demonstration of effective ion beam neutralization, no EMI effects on other spacecraft systems, and effective recovery from electrical breakdowns. Thrust was measured using three independent measuring systems, and there were no major differences between in-space and ground test performance.


1964 July 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • BioSpace 3 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1964 July 23 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR nuclei Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1964 July 25 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR nuclei Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1964 July 28 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 July 28 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 7 - . Mass: 362 kg (798 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1964-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 842 . COSPAR: 1964-041A.

    First successful Ranger; returned 4,308 photos before lunar impact. The Atlas- Agena B inserted the Agena and Ranger into a 192 km altitude Earth parking orbit. Half an hour after launch a second burn of the Agena engine injected the spacecraft into a lunar intercept trajectory. After separation from the Agena, the solar panels were deployed, attitude control activated, and spacecraft transmissions switched from the omniantenna to the high-gain antenna. The next day the planned mid-course maneuver was successfully initiated at 10:27 GMT. The only anomaly during flight was a brief loss of two-way lock on the spacecraft by the DSIF tracking station at Cape Kennedy following launch.

    Ranger 7 reached the Moon on 31 July. The F-channel began its one minute warm up 18 minutes before impact. The first image was taken at 13:08:45 GMT at an altitude of 2110 km. Transmission of 4,308 photographs of excellent quality occurred over the final 17 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact had a resolution of 0.5 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface in direct motion along a hyperbolic trajectory, with an incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -5.57 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 26.84 degrees to the lunar equator. After 68.6 hours of flight, Ranger 7 impacted in an area between Mare Nubium and Oceanus Procellarum (subsequently named Mare Cognitum) at approximately 10.35 S latitude, 339.42 E longitude. Impact occurred at 13:25:48.82 GMT at a velocity of 2.62 km/s.


1964 July 28 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 July 28 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1964 July 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • BioSpace 4 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1964 July 29 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 July 29 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heat tran/Local Flow test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5250 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23774 m. First test of various heat-resistant panels attached to fuselage. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 July 30 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 August 5 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi).

1964 August 6 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • K64-S-1 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 August 7 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • K64-G-1 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1964 August 7 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 August 8 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1964 August 11 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • K64-S-2 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • K64-G-2 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heat tran/LF/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5688 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 August 14 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Nose gear deployed at Mach 4.2..
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5776 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31486 m. Nose landing gear extended at Mach 4.5. Both tires blew on landing. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 August 14 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • K64-S-3 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • K64-G-3 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 05:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • K64-S-4 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • K64-G-4 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kindley. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Reentry 4 Calibration Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kindley. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Reentry 4 Calibration (1of6) Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4A.
  • Reentry 4A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Scout launch tested Apollo-type ablator materials at lunar reentry heating levels..

1964 August 19 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 August 22 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet Spectra (Venus) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 August 26 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 August 26 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A HT/LF/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 6216 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27737 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 August 29 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1964 September 2 - . 03:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1964 September 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Biospace 5 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1964 September 3 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A HT/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5817 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23957 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 September 3 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 September 4 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 September 9 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 September 15 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 September 18 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1964 September 23 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 September 23 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MA-45R TPS, BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). X-15 Flight 117 (MA-45R TPS, BLN) Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 September 25 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 September 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Biospace 6 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1964 September 26 - . 12:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 September 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Nose gear scoop door causes handling difficulties..
  • X-15A-2 Stab.,Star tracker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5699 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29809 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1964 October 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 October 2 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Lockheed XR Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1964 October 7 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Luminescent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 October 7 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B Field 4 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ion composition Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Luminescent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field 5 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1964 October 9 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3C.
  • RFD-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1964 October 13 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 October 15 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IFDS/Tip Pod/AD-SB Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 4904 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25878 m. First flight with X-20 INS and wing tip pods. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 October 19 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 840 km (520 mi).

1964 October 21 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,950 km (1,210 mi).

1964 October 22 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 October 23 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • RAE development Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,100 km (600 mi).

1964 October 27 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 October 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Gear modification check test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight - gear mod check.

1964 October 30 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Gear mod, BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 5009 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25786 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 October 30 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 October 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet spectrum / X-ray flux Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1964 November 1 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1964 November 3 - . 07:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Princeton UVS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1964 November 3 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • JHU Airglow 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 867 km (538 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D. FAILURE: Launch fairing failure. Failed Stage: S.
  • Mariner 3 - . Payload: Mariner C-2. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 3-4. USAF Sat Cat: 923 . COSPAR: 1964-073A. Mars probe; launch fairing failure prevented Mars flyby. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1964 November 5 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 20:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 840 km (520 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight.

1964 November 6 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.04? TERLS-12 Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 714 km (443 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 10:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1964 November 9 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.05 / TERLS-13? Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 November 10 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.06 / TERLS-14? Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 November 10 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1964 November 10 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched in Atlantic Ocean, Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 10 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1964 November 11 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 34.5 N x 74.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi). Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise - - Latitude: 34.45 N - Longitude: 74.67 W..

1964 November 11 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1964 November 12 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 12 - . 10:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 November 13 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 November 14 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 November 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight.

1964 November 16 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1964 November 16 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LUSTER Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1964 November 17 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi). Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 17 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 19 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UM Pitot 7? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 19 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 November 19 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • IQSY Ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 November 19 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • IQSY Ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi). Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 23 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1964 November 24 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 November 28 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D.
  • Mariner 4 - . Payload: Mariner C-3. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 3-4. USAF Sat Cat: 938 . COSPAR: 1964-077A.

    Mariner 4 provided the first up close pictures of Mars. The protective shroud covering Mariner 4 was jettisoned and the Agena D/Mariner 4 combination separated from the Atlas D booster at 14:27:23 GMT on 28 November 1964. The Agena D first burn from 14:28:14 to 14:30:38 put the spacecraft into an Earth parking orbit and the second burn from 15:02:53 to 15:04:28 injected the craft into a Mars transfer orbit. Mariner 4 separated from the Agena D at 15:07:09 and began cruise mode operations. The solar panels deployed and the scan platform was unlatched at 15:15:00 and Sun acquisition occurred 16 minutes later. A midcourse maneuver made on 5 December 1964.

    After a 228 day cruise, the spacecraft flew by Mars on July 14 and 15, 1965. Planetary science mode was turned on at 15:41:49 GMT on 14 July. The camera sequence started at 00:18:36 GMT on July 15 and 21 pictures plus 21 lines of a 22nd picture were taken. The images covered a discontinuous swath of Mars starting near 40 N, 170 E, down to about 35 S, 200 E, and then across to the terminator at 50 S, 255 E, representing about 1% of the planet's surface. The closest approach was 9,846 km from the Martian surface at 01:00:57 GMT 15 July 1965. The images taken during the flyby were stored in the onboard tape recorder. At 02:19:11 GMT Mariner 4 passed behind Mars as seen from Earth and the radio signal ceased. The signal was reacquired at 03:13:04 GMT when the spacecraft reappeared. Cruise mode was then re-established. Transmission of the taped images to Earth began about 8.5 hours after signal reacquisition and continued until 3 August. All images were transmitted twice to insure no data was missing or corrupt.

    The spacecraft performed all programmed activities successfully and returned useful data from launch until 22:05:07 GMT on 1 October 1965, when the distance from Earth (309.2 million km) and the antenna orientation temporarily halted signal acquisition. In 1967 Mariner 4 returned to the vicinity of Earth again and engineers decided to use the ageing craft for a series of operational and telemetry tests to improve their knowledge of the technologies that would be needed for future interplanetary spacecraft. The cosmic dust detector registered 17 hits in a 15 minute span on 15 September, part of an apparent micrometeoroid shower which temporarily changed the spacecraft attitude and probably slightly damaged the thermal shield. On 7 December the gas supply in the attitude control system was exhausted, and on December 10 and 11 a total of 83 micrometeoroid hits were recorded which caused perturbation of the attitude and degradation of the signal strength. On 21 December 1967 communications with Mariner 4 were terminated.

    Results

    The total data returned by the mission was 5.2 million bits. All experiments operated successfully with the exception of the ionization chamber/Geiger counter which failed in February, 1965 and the plasma probe, which had its performance degraded by a resistor failure on 6 December 1964. The images returned showed a Moon-like cratered terrain (which later missions showed was not typical for Mars, but only for the more ancient region imaged by Mariner 4). A surface atmospheric pressure of 4.1 to 7.0 mb was estimated and no magnetic field was detected.


1964 November 30 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 5 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 November 30 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Gear mod, Stab,ST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 4970 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26579 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: Canterbury, NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 6 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 December 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 December 4 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 December 7 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 7 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Chute Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 7 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1964 December 8 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • A-002 / BP-23 Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

    Boilerplate 23, Mission A-002, was successfully launched from WSMR by a Little Joe II launch vehicle. The test was to demonstrate satisfactory launch escape vehicle performance utilizing the canard subsystem and boost protective cover, and to verify the abort capability in the maximum dynamic pressure region with conditions approximating emergency detection subsystem limits.


1964 December 8 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 December 9 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A 3D Flow Field,MA-45R Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5990 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28164 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 December 10 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IFDS/MIT/Air Den Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Maximum Speed - 5913 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34503 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1964 December 11 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur.
  • Surveyor SD-1 - . Payload: Surveyor SD-1. Mass: 2,944 kg (6,490 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1964-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 951 . COSPAR: 1964-082A. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 30.7000 deg. Period: 87.80 min. Launch vehicle test. Centaur AC-4 put dummy Surveyor payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1964 December 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Dummy sustainer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1964 December 16 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Meteoroids Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 December 16 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1964 December 17 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Airglow 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1964 December 22 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Friction,GE TPS.,3D Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5781 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 January 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1965 January 7 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Control system problems..
  • X-15A 3D,HT,Fric,BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5973 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30297 m. Immediately after burnout aircraft gyrated around all 3 axes for 7 seconds. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 January 13 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1965 January 14 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1965 January 19 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

    The second Titan II Gemini Launch Vehicle (GLV-2) carried the unmanned, instrumented Gemini spacecraft (GT-2) for a suborbital shot preliminary to the first U.S. two-man Gemini mission. During the countdown for Gemini-Titan (GT) 2, the fuel cell hydrogen inlet valve failed to open. Efforts to correct the problem continued until it was determined that freeing the valve would delay the countdown. Work on the fuel cell ceased, and it was not activated for the flight. The fuel cell installed in spacecraft No. 2 was not a current flight design. When fuel cell design was changed in January 1964, several cells of earlier design were available. Although these cells were known to have some defects, flight testing with the reactant supply system was felt to be extremely desirable. Accordingly, it was decided to fly the entire system on GT-2, but only on a "non-interference with flight" basis. When it became clear that correcting the problem that emerged during the GT-2 countdown would cause delay, fuel cell activation for the flight was called off.


1965 January 21 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1965 January 26 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 January 27 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 January 27 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1965 January 28 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1965 February 2 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1965 February 2 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MA-25S TPS,MH-96,BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 6253 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29931 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 February 3 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 February 5 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 February 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight.

1965 February 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight.

1965 February 17 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 8 - . Payload: RA-8. Mass: 366 kg (806 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1965-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 1086 . COSPAR: 1965-010A.

    Returned 7137 photos before lunar impact. The Atlas- Agena B booster injected the Agena and Ranger 8 into an Earth parking orbit at 185 km altitude 7 minutes after launch. Fourteen minutes later a 90 second burn of the Agena put the spacecraft into lunar transfer trajectory, and several minutes later the Ranger and Agena separated. The Ranger solar panels were deployed, attitude control activated, and spacecraft transmissions switched from the omni-directional antenna to the high-gain antenna by 21:30 GMT. On 18 February at a distance of 160,000 km from Earth the planned mid-course manoeuvre took place, involving reorientation and a 59 second rocket burn. During the 27 minute manoeuvre, spacecraft transmitter power dropped severely, so that lock was lost on all telemetry channels. This continued intermittently until the rocket burn, at which time power returned to normal. The telemetry dropout had no serious effects on the mission. A planned terminal sequence to point the cameras more in the direction of flight just before reaching the Moon was cancelled to allow the cameras to cover a greater area of the Moon's surface.

    Ranger 8 reached the Moon on 20 February 1965. The first image was taken at 9:34:32 GMT at an altitude of 2510 km. Transmission of 7,137 photographs of good quality occurred over the final 23 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact has a resolution of 1.5 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface in a direct hyperbolic trajectory, with incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -13.6 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 16.5 degrees to the lunar equator. After 64.9 hours of flight, impact occurred at 09:57:36.756 GMT on 20 February 1965 in Mare Tranquillitatis at approximately 2.67 degrees N, 24.65 degrees E. Impact velocity was slightly less than 2.68 km/s.


1965 February 17 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Landing skid extends at Mach 4.3..
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5649 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28986 m. Right main landing gear extended at Mach 4.1; normal landing. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1965 February 18 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 4? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1965 February 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Aurora 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 5? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1965 February 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 February 26 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MIT/AirD/Sky Bright Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi). Maximum Speed - 6034 kph. Maximum Altitude - 46817 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 February 27 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 37.8 N x 79.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP1 - - Latitude: 37.78 N - Longitude: 79.38 W..

1965 February 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-5 (Uppsala) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UJO-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Surveyor SD-1 - . Payload: Surveyor SD-1. Mass: 951 kg (2,096 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1965-03-02 . Launch vehicle test. Launch vehicle was to have put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1965 March 2 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-7 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 March 3 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1965 March 5 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UJO-8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1965 March 6 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Princeton UVS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1965 March 7 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 3.9 N x 82.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Launched by vessel CVE-25 from 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 8 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 0.0 N x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP2 - - Latitude: 0.01 N - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 8 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 0.0 N x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP2 - - Latitude: 0.01 N - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 9 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 3.1 S x 84.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Launched by vessel CVE-25 from 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 9 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 1.0 S x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP3 - - Latitude: 1.00 S - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 9 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 3.1 S x 84.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP4 - - Latitude: 3.12 S - Longitude: 84.37 W..

1965 March 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 6.5 S x 84.5 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-3 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP5 - - Latitude: 6.50 S - Longitude: 84.53 W..

1965 March 11 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.5 S x 82.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 11 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.5 S x 82.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition(Tropics) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP6 - - Latitude: 9.45 S - Longitude: 82.43 W..

1965 March 11 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.6 S x 82.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP7 - - Latitude: 9.60 S - Longitude: 82.35 W..

1965 March 11 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1965 March 11 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.5 S x 81.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP8 - - Latitude: 9.53 S - Longitude: 81.23 W..

1965 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-4 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-5 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 13 - . 03:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 15 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 10 Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 March 16 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Launched by vessel CVE-25 from 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 16 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Sylvester I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1965 March 16 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.5 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP10 - - Latitude: 12.50 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 16 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP11 - - Latitude: 12.82 S - Longitude: 78.25 W..

1965 March 17 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.6 S x 78.1 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 17 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • ASE XRT Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1965 March 18 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 18 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP12 - - Latitude: 12.83 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 18 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 77.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP13 - - Latitude: 12.80 S - Longitude: 77.93 W..

1965 March 18 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.7 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP14 - - Latitude: 12.67 S - Longitude: 77.67 W..

1965 March 18 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP15 - - Latitude: 12.78 S - Longitude: 77.98 W..

1965 March 18 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1965 March 19 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 13.1 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1965 March 20 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1965 March 20 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.0 S x 77.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP16 - - Latitude: 12.00 S - Longitude: 77.00 W..

1965 March 21 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 13.0 S x 78.1 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 21 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 9 - . Payload: RA-9. Mass: 366 kg (806 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1965-03-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1294 . COSPAR: 1965-023A.

    Ranger 9, last of the series, returned 5814 images before lunar impact. The target was Alphonsus, a large crater about 12 degrees south of the lunar equator. The probe was timed to arrive when lighting conditions would be at their best. The Atlas- Agena B booster injected the Agena and Ranger 9 into an Earth parking orbit at 185 km altitude. A 90 second Agena 2nd burn put the spacecraft into lunar transfer trajectory. This was followed by the separation of the Agena and Ranger. The initial trajectory was highly accurate; uncorrected, the craft would have landed only 650 km north of Alphonsus. 70 minutes after launch the command was given to deploy solar panels, activate attitude control, and switch from the omni-directional antenna to the high-gain antenna. The accuracy of the initial trajectory enabled delay of the planned mid-course correction from 22 March to 23 March when the manoeuvre was initiated at 12:03 GMT. After orientation, a 31 second rocket burn at 12:30 GMT, and reorientation, the manoeuvre was completed at 13:30 GMT. Ranger 9 reached the Moon on 24 March 1965. At 13:31 GMT a terminal manoeuvre was executed to orient the spacecraft so the cameras were more in line with the flight direction to improve the resolution of the pictures. Twenty minutes before impact the one-minute camera system warm-up began. The first image was taken at 13:49:41 at an altitude of 2363 km. Transmission of 5,814 good contrast photographs was made during the final 19 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact has a resolution of 0.3 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface with an incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -5.6 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 15.6 degrees to the lunar equator. After 64.5 hours of flight, impact occurred at 14:08:19.994 GMT at approximately 12.83 S latitude, 357.63 E longitude in the crater Alphonsus. Impact velocity was 2.67 km/s. Millions of Americans followed the spacecraft's descent via real time television coverage provided to the three networks of many of the F-channel images (primarily camera B but also some camera A pictures) were provided for this flight.

    The pictures showed the rim and floor of the crater in fine detail: in those just prior to impact, objects less than a foot in size were discernible.

    A panel of scientists presented some preliminary conclusions from Ranger IX at a press conference that same afternoon. Crater rims and ridges inside the walls, they believed, were harder and smoother than the moon's dusty plains, and therefore were considered likely sites for future manned landings. Generally, the panel was dubious about landing on crater floors however. Apparently, the floors were solidified volcanic material incapable of supporting a spacecraft. Investigators believed several types of craters were seen that were of nonmeteoric origin. These findings reinforced arguments that the moon at one time had experienced volcanic activity. Later the images were shown to the press as a continuous-motion movie, leading astronaut Wally Schirra to yell ‘bail out you fool!’ just before the final frame.


1965 March 22 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.5 S x 77.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 22 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 March 23 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Sylvester II Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1965 March 23 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 13.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 24 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.6 S x 78.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.8 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP22 - - Latitude: 11.83 S - Longitude: 78.33 W..

1965 March 24 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 78.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP23 - - Latitude: 11.40 S - Longitude: 78.42 W..

1965 March 25 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.0 S x 79.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 26 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 10.2 S x 79.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP25 - - Latitude: 10.17 S - Longitude: 79.83 W..

1965 March 26 - . 16:13 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 10.2 S x 79.5 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP26 - - Latitude: 10.17 S - Longitude: 79.45 W..

1965 March 26 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IR Scanner/IFDS Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5760 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31059 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 March 27 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 14.2 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 27 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.2 S x 78.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP27 - - Latitude: 12.18 S - Longitude: 78.75 W..

1965 March 27 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 14.0 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP28 - - Latitude: 14.00 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 28 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 16.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP30 - - Latitude: 12.08 S - Longitude: 78.23 W..

1965 March 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP30 - - Latitude: 12.08 S - Longitude: 78.23 W..

1965 March 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1965 April 1 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 April 2 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.3 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 2 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP31 - - Latitude: 12.12 S - Longitude: 78.22 W..

1965 April 3 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 14.6 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 3 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral fluxes Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 April 4 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 24.6 S x 76.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 4 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 24.1 S x 76.1 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP32 - - Latitude: 24.08 S - Longitude: 76.13 W..

1965 April 5 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 29.9 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 5 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 30.9 S x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 5 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 29.6 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP33 - - Latitude: 29.57 S - Longitude: 75.22 W..

1965 April 5 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 30.6 S x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP34 - - Latitude: 30.63 S - Longitude: 75.03 W..

1965 April 6 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 35.2 S x 74.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 6 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 35.2 S x 74.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP35 - - Latitude: 35.23 S - Longitude: 74.25 W..

1965 April 8 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 39.1 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 9 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 44.3 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP36 - - Latitude: 44.25 S - Longitude: 77.67 W..

1965 April 9 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 44.4 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP37 - - Latitude: 44.38 S - Longitude: 77.78 W..

1965 April 10 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 47.0 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 11 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 48.6 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 11 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 52.2 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 12 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Mg II heliogram 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1965 April 12 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 58.3 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA Ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP38 - - Latitude: 58.32 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 59.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 13 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 59.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP40 - - Latitude: 59.92 S - Longitude: 77.97 W..

1965 April 14 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 59.8 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 14 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Minnesota Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,660 km (1,030 mi).

1965 April 15 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 52.5 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 15 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AF-142 thermodynamic comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1965 April 15 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 52.6 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP41 - - Latitude: 52.58 S - Longitude: 78.33 W..

1965 April 15 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 52.5 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP42 - - Latitude: 52.52 S - Longitude: 78.22 W..

1965 April 23 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1965 April 23 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 April 23 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A HT/Abl TPS/BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5760 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24293 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 April 24 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1965 April 28 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Landing loads,Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5266 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28224 m. First star tracker checkout. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 April 28 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 April 29 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Rehbar 7 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 April 30 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Rehbar 8 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1965 April 30 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1965 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Ultraviolet reentry experiment Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 May 3 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 4 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Reentry physics test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 May 5 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 May 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 May 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 May 13 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1965 May 14 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1965 May 18 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Stab, landing, ST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5697 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31120 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1965 May 18 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 May 19 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Apollo A-003 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1965 May 19 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 947 km (588 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 16 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 17 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1965 May 25 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IFDS/MIT/RAS modification technology / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi). Maximum Speed - 5100 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54803 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1965 May 25 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Kiwi 1 range test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 26 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 May 28 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Radiometer/Scan/BLN Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 6040 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63886 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 May 30 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Kiwi 2 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L2. Launch Pad: L2?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Kiwi 3 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Kiwi 4 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L2. Launch Pad: L2?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Kiwi 5 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Kiwi 6 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L2. Launch Pad: L2?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Kiwi 7 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 June 1 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Princeton UVS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1965 June 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 June 8 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 June 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 June 14 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1965 June 16 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Radiometer/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi). Maximum Speed - 5477 kph. Maximum Altitude - 74585 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 17 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IR Scanner, INS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Maximum Speed - 5697 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33071 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 17 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR fluxes Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1965 June 17 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Stability,ST,gear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi). Maximum Speed - 6336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 47518 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 23 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA Ionosphere Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR fluxes Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1965 June 27 - . 05:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 June 29 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Apollo CSM. Launch Vehicle: Apollo LES.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 June 29 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A LaRC Scan,Radiom,BLN Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Maximum Speed - 5522 kph. Maximum Altitude - 85527 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 29 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1965 June 30 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,770 km (1,090 mi).

1965 June 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Raytheon magnetron failed but the rocket worked worked perfectly. Reportedly test launches in 1963 and 1964 failed, but these may have been those listed for 8 May 1962 and 10 July 1962..

1965 July 1 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1965 July 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 July 8 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 ST,Landing,Alt test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 5887 kph. Maximum Altitude - 64800 m. Star tracker mission to photograph Gamma Cassiopeia. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 July 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 July 14 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1965 July 15 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1965 July 20 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Bound.Layer Noise test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 6050 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32126 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 July 21 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1965 July 23 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 July 23 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1965 July 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 July 28 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 August 3 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 RAS,ST,Landing test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 5796 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63612 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 August 6 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IR Scan,Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31455 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 August 7 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 August 7 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1965 August 7 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1965 August 7 - . 19:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1965 August 7 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1965 August 7 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 August 9 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 August 10 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Northrop Scan,BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Maximum Speed - 5712 kph. Maximum Altitude - 82601 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 August 11 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Meteoroids Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1965 August 11 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D.
  • Surveyor; Atlas Centaur 6 - . Payload: Surveyor-SD-2. Mass: 950 kg (2,090 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. USAF Sat Cat: 1503 . COSPAR: 1965-064A. Centaur AC-6 launched dummy Surveyor payload into a barycentric / translunar orbit..

1965 August 12 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1965 August 19 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1965 August 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 August 20 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • BioSpace - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1965 August 24 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 August 24 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1965 August 25 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C. FAILURE: Premature third stage ignition.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • OSO C - . Payload: OSO C. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OSO. Spacecraft: OSO. Decay Date: 1965-08-25 .

1965 August 25 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MIT Scan,Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi). Maximum Speed - 5799 kph. Maximum Altitude - 65258 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 August 25 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Helium ionization Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 902 km (560 mi).

1965 August 26 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Northrop Radiom,BLN Test/Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi). Maximum Speed - 5426 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73030 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 September 1 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • MIP 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 September 2 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 RAS,ST,Landing test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi). X-15 Flight 146 (RAS,ST,Landing) Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 September 3 - . 05:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • MIP 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1965 September 3 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 8 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 8 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 8 - . 23:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 02:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP/WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A IR scan,Abl TPS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29627 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 September 9 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • RF propagation Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1965 September 10 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 10 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 10 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 10 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • HASP / WOX-1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 September 14 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A N.Radiom,BLN Test/Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Maximum Speed - 5662 kph. Maximum Altitude - 72847 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 September 15 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1965 September 16 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1965 September 17 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1965 September 17 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • FR-1 test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1965 September 18 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 September 20 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 September 20 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 September 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Infrared Scanner test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5744 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73091 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 September 22 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1965 September 24 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 September 25 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • FR-1 test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1965 September 27 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 September 28 - . 09:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35 (L-21). LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Meteors / Ionosphere Meteorites / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1965 September 28 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A N.Scan/BLN/Tail test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Maximum Speed - 6005 kph. Maximum Altitude - 90099 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 September 30 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Infrared Scanner test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4373 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23350 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 October 1 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LPARL 1D XRT X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1965 October 5 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 960 km (590 mi).

1965 October 5 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 October 5 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1965 October 5 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1965 October 6 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 October 8 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 October 8 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 October 10 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. FAILURE: Failure.
  • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1965 October 12 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: APU shutdown..
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5001 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28770 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 October 12 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 October 13 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1965 October 13 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 October 13 - . 16:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 October 13 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 October 14 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 October 14 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MIT,Pace transducer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Maximum Speed - 5718 kph. Maximum Altitude - 81230 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 October 15 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Colorado / Ikeya-Seki Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1965 October 19 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1965 October 20 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 October 20 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Comet study / Solar Ultraviolet astronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 October 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Ikeya-Seki Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1965 October 23 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 October 23 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1965 October 23 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1965 October 25 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D. FAILURE: Exploded 6 minutes after takeoff. Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Gemini 6 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA-2. Mass: 3,261 kg (7,189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1965-10-25 . The Agena target vehicle failed to reach orbit. Gemini 6, awaiting launch, was cancelled. In the ashes of this setback, the idea of launching Gemini 6 to rendezvous with Gemini 7 was born..

1965 October 25 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 October 26 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1965 October 26 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1965 October 26 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 October 27 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A N.Scan/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Maximum Speed - 5662 kph. Maximum Altitude - 72210 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 October 27 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 October 27 - . 23:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1965 October 27 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 October 27 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1965 October 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1965 October 29 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1965 October 29 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1965 November 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 November 2 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1965 November 3 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Cuddeback Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 External Tank test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). First flight with empty external tanks. Ammonia tank recovered; Lox tank destroyed. Maximum Speed - 2414 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21520 m. Air dropped in Cuddeback Dry Lake DZ..

1965 November 3 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1965 November 4 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Two engine relights required..
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4450 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24440 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 November 4 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1965 November 8 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1965 November 8 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 November 9 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1965 November 9 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UM Pitot 19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 November 10 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 10 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 November 11 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 November 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LUSTER B Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1965 November 17 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1965 November 17 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Pandora 1 (Leonids) Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 November 23 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1965 November 24 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 November 24 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1965 November 24 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 November 29 - . 04:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 November 30 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1965 November 30 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 December 1 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 December 2 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 December 2 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Mg II heliogram 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1965 December 6 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Sylvester III Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 December 7 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1965 December 8 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 December 9 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 December 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 December 15 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1965 December 15 - . 19:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 December 16 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 December 18 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1966 January 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 January 10 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 January 11 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1966 January 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 January 17 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1966 January 20 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • Apollo A-004 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1966 January 20 - . 15:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 January 24 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 January 25 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Spheres Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 February 1 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 February 1 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 February 2 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 February 2 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Spica ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 February 3 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Spheres (UM) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1966 February 4 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Spheres (UM) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4A.
  • Reentry 4B Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 05:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 February 17 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • E / B currents Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 February 18 - . 04:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Aurora 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1966 February 21 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1966 February 25 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 9 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 February 26 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 10 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 February 26 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • Apollo 201 (AS-201) - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi).

    Apollo-Saturn 201 was launched from Cape Kennedy, with liftoff of an Apollo Block I spacecraft (CSM 009) on a Saturn IB launch vehicle at 11:12:01 EST. Launched from Launch Complex 34, the unmanned suborbital mission was the first flight test of the Saturn IB and an Apollo spacecraft. Total launch weight was 22,000 kilograms.

    Spacecraft communications blackout lasted 1 minute 22 seconds. Reentry was initiated with a space-fixed velocity of 29,000 kilometers per hour. CM structure and heatshields performed adequately. The CM was recovered by the USS Boxer from the Atlantic about 72 kilometers uprange from the planned landing point. (8.18 S x 11.15 W).


1966 February 26 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 27 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 20 / AS-201 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1966 February 28 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UM Pitot 21 / AS-201 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1966 March 2 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Te, Solar UV Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1966 March 2 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Geoprobe Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi).

1966 March 2 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1966 March 3 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • AFCRL Solar Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1966 March 8 - . 07:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E with ACS X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 March 13 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 16 - . 16:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1966 March 16 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1966 March 17 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1966 March 18 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1966 March 18 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 March 18 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 March 21 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • D-region composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1966 March 23 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Rehbar 11 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1966 March 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 12 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1966 March 30 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 April 4 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 April 8 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D. FAILURE: Centaur propellant leak.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Surveyor Model - . Payload: Surveyor SD-3. Mass: 784 kg (1,728 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1966-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2139 . COSPAR: 1966-030A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 30.7000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Launch vehicle test. Payload was dummy Surveyor spacecraft..

1966 April 8 - . 04:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • MIP 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 April 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-3A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1966 April 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 April 21 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU UVT F1 (Venus) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1966 April 26 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 13 (Gren / TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1966 April 27 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • EXAMETNET (Judi?) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 April 28 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL ND3.172R Solar soft x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 May 1 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 01:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-3A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 3 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • 08 CNAE 6605 / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1966 May 5 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 May 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Pump failure forces emergency landing at Delamar Dry Lake..
  • X-15A AD/MuMet/Scan/SB Aeronomy/Meteor/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Premature engine shutdown at 32 sec. Maximum Speed - 2307 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20850 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 May 9 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

    First radar for science purposes launched into space and successfully recovered. Besides testing the engineering and special techniques for space flight, the data showed that the echo characteristics of the earth were similar to those of Venus and the Moon.


1966 May 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 May 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 May 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 May 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 May 15 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1966 May 17 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D. FAILURE: Control system failure.. Failed Stage: G.
  • Gemini 9 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA 5. Mass: 3,248 kg (7,160 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 9. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1966-05-17 .

    The Gemini 9 mission was scrubbed when the Atlas booster launched from Cape Canaveral failed to place the Gemini Agena Target Vehicle (GATV) in its planned circular orbit. A malfunction of the number 2 booster engine of the Atlas caused both the Atlas and Agena to fall into the ocean. The Gemini 9-Atlas/Agena mission was later rescheduled to 1 June using the Augmented Target Docking Adapter (ATDA).


1966 May 18 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1966 May 18 - . 18:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 V-On Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5936 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30170 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 May 19 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • XRT (2) Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • RAE development Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1966 May 21 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 May 24 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1966 May 30 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D.
  • Surveyor 1 - . Payload: Surveyor SC-1. Mass: 269 kg (593 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1966-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 2185 . COSPAR: 1966-045A.

    The first operational Atlas/Centaur (AC-10) carried the NASA Surveyor I spacecraft to the moon in a direct ascent lunar transfer trajectory. This was the first in a series of seven Surveyors designed to develop soft-landing technology and to provide basic scientific and engineering data in support of Project Apollo. On 2 June, Surveyor I became the first U.S. spacecraft to soft-land on the moon and transmit television pictures Surveyor 1 soft landed on the moon in the Ocean of Storms and began transmitting the first of more than 11,150 clear, detailed television pictures to Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Deep Space Facility, Goldstone, Calif. The landing sequence began 3,200 kilometers above the moon with the spacecraft traveling at a speed of 9,700 kilometers per hour. The spacecraft was successfully slowed to 5.6 kilometers per hour by the time it reached 4-meter altitude and then free-fell to the surface at 13 kilometers per hour. The landing was so precise that the three footpads touched the surface within 19 milliseconds of each other, and it confirmed that the lunar surface could support the LM. It was the first U.S. attempt to soft land on the moon.


1966 June 1 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 June 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 June 3 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 June 7 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: WASP.
  • WASP slosh test Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1966 June 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1966 June 17 - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 June 17 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 June 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 June 23 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 June 23 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 June 24 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 June 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 External Tank test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). X-15 captive flight (External Tank Test).

1966 June 29 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 July 1 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Erroneous failure indication results in emergency landing at Mud Lake..
  • X-15A-2 External Tank test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). First flight with fueled external tanks. Engine shutdown at 34.6 seconds due to fuel flow anomalies. Maximum Speed - 1646 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 July 7 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 20.05 / TERLS-44 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 July 11 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Density profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1966 July 12 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout, Systems test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 5876 kph. Maximum Altitude - 39620 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 July 12 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi).

1966 July 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 July 13 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 July 14 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1966 July 15 - . 14:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 July 16 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1966 July 18 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout, Systems test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5176 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29290 m. First flight with X-20 energy management system. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1966 July 19 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL NB3.165 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NRL. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1966 July 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 July 20 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 1 (PCA) Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1966 July 21 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Alt,ST,Abl TPS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi). Maximum Speed - 5741 kph. Maximum Altitude - 58610 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 July 22 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 July 22 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1966 July 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2.
  • Test 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1966 July 28 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MuMet/HS/SB/RAS Technology/Meteor/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi). Maximum Speed - 5957 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73700 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 3 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 ST, Base drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Maximum Speed - 5535 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75890 m. UV photos of stars in Auriga. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 4 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heat Tran,BLN,OBE Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 6376 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40450 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 August 7 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 07:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-3A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 22 / Noctilucent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 9 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 August 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 August 11 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A HS,MuMet,SB,Gas Technology/Meteor/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Maximum Speed - 5776 kph. Maximum Altitude - 76500 m. Record dynamic pressure. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 12 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 ST,Pitot,Base drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). Maximum Speed - 5586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 70440 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 12 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 14 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 15 - . 08:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 15 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi).

1966 August 15 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Meteoroids Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 August 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Scanner. Launch Vehicle: Scanner.
  • Scanner 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde / Ballute Meteorological / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde / Chute Meteorological / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Test / ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 19 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 19 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A BLN,OBE,H Test/Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi). Maximum Speed - 5804 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54250 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 24 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH neutrons Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1966 August 24 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 August 25 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1966 August 25 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Uprated Saturn I.
  • Apollo 202 (AS-202) - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,143 km (710 mi).

    Spacecraft 011 was essentially a Block I spacecraft with the following exceptions: couches, crew equipment, and the cabin postlanding ventilation were omitted; and three auxiliary batteries, a mission control programmer, four cameras, and flight qualification instrumentation were added.

    Of six primary test objectives assigned to the mission, the objectives for the environmental control, electrical power, and communications subsystems were not completely satisfied. All other spacecraft test objectives were successfully accomplished.


1966 August 25 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Inertial malfunction during re-entry..
  • X-15A HS/MuMet/Gas Technology/Meteor/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi). Maximum Speed - 5701 kph. Maximum Altitude - 78490 m. Collected micrometeorites and extraterrestrial dust. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 26 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / RPA Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 23 / Thermo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 24 / Thermo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 29 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • D-Region ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 August 29 - . 13:37 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • D-Region ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 August 29 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Airglow / Te / density Aeronomy / chemica / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 August 29 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 30 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 30 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: SAS system drops out repeatedly, hydrogen peroxide fire in ventral fin..
  • X-15A-2 V-On,Maurer,TPS Test/Technology/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5701 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30540 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 September 1 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 2A? Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 2 Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 September 3 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 3 Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 7 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 September 8 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Smith Ranch..
  • X-15A HS/Elec loads test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Premature engine shutdown at 38 sec. Maximum Speed - 2578 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22310 m. Air dropped in Smith Ranch Lake DZ..

1966 September 9 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 September 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 September 14 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1966 September 14 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 September 14 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MuMet/Solar spec Technology/Meteor/Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi). Maximum Speed - 5770 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22980 m. JPL spectrometer measured solar flux; radiometer characterized exhaust plume in UV for reconnsat sensors; collected micrometeorites. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 September 16 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 September 17 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1966 September 17 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 17 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D.
  • Surveyor 2 - . Payload: Surveyor SC-2. Mass: 292 kg (643 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1966-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2425 . COSPAR: 1966-084A.

    Soft lunar landing attempt failed. Surveyor II was launched from Cape Kennedy at 8:32 a.m. EDT. The Atlas-Centaur launch vehicle placed the spacecraft on a nearly perfect lunar intercept trajectory that would have missed the aim point by about 130 kilometers. Following injection, the spacecraft successfully accomplished all required sequences up to the midcourse thrust phase. This phase was not successful because of the failure of one of the three vernier engines to ignite, causing eventual loss of the mission. Contact with the spacecraft was lost at 5:35 a.m. EDT, September 22, and impact on the lunar surface was predicted at 11:18 p.m. on that day.


1966 September 20 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Booster test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1966 September 23 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 September 23 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1966 September 24 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 930 km (570 mi).

1966 September 25 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1966 September 28 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 September 30 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 September 30 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 20:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 October 2 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 October 2 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 October 2 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 October 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 October 5 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde IA Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 October 6 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 October 6 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Cuddleback Dry Lake..
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4666 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22980 m. Engine shut down at 90 seconds. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1966 October 6 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi).

1966 October 7 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 October 7 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1966 October 11 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1966 October 12 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1966 October 13 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1966 October 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1966 October 22 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LUSTER 1966 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 October 25 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Meteoroids Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA.