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Soyuz TM-22
Part of Mir Family
Mir EO-20
Mir EO-20
Credit: www.spacefacts.de
First ESA astronaut on long-duration Mir crew.

AKA: Mir EO-20;Mir Euromir 95;Uran (Uranus). Launched: 1995-09-03. Returned: 1996-02-29. Number crew: 3 . Duration: 179.07 days.

Mir Expedition EO-20. Crew commander was Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko of the Russian Air Force. Flight engineer was Sergey Vasilyevich Avdeyev of RKK Energia, and cosmonaut-researcher was Thomas Reiter of the European Space Agency. Soyuz TM-22 docked with Mir's front (-X) port at 10:29:54 GMT on September 5 and the hatch was opened at 11:01:23. On February 29 the crew undocked from Mir in Soyuz TM-22, and at 10:42 GMT they landed in Kazakhstan.


More at: Soyuz TM-22.

Family: Manned spaceflight. People: Avdeyev, Gidzenko, Reiter. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM.

1995 September 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-22 - . Call Sign: Uran (Uranus ). Crew: Avdeyev, Gidzenko, Reiter. Backup Crew: Duque, Kaleri, Korzun. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 71. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev, Duque, Gidzenko, Kaleri, Korzun, Reiter. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-22, STS-71 Mir EO-19. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.07 days. Decay Date: 1996-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 23665 . COSPAR: 1995-047A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    Mir Expedition EO-20. Crew commander was Yuriy Pavlovich Gidzenko of the Russian Air Force. Flight engineer was Sergey Vasilyevich Avdeev of RKK Energiya, and cosmonaut-researcher was Thomas Reiter of the European Space Agency. Soyuz TM-22 docked with Mir's front (-X) port at 10:29:54 GMT on September 5 and the hatch was opened at 11:01:23.


1995 September 4 - .
  • Mir News 270: Soyuz-TM22 launched from Baykonur. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-22, STS-71 Mir EO-19.

    This ship with on board the crew for the 20d Main Expedition to Mir and the Euromir'95 cosmonaut Thomas Reiter started flawlessly from Baykonur on 3.09.1995 at 0900 UTC (for the connoisseurs: 09.00.23.115). The Russians are the captain Yuriy Pavlovich Gidzenko, making his first spaceflight, Sergey Vasilyevich Avdeyev, making his 2d flight. The crew uses the call 'Uran', so for Gidzenko, Avdeyev and Reiter, respectively Uran-1, -2 and -3. The 1st day of the 2 days autonomous flight to Mir passed without any problems. Already during the 3d orbit at 120240 UTC Soyuz-TM22 came within our range. Gidzenko reported the successful check of the manual orientation control system. All went well. During the pass at 1332 UTC Gidzenko, sounding very fit, reported that the first 2 orbit corrections had been performed well. All systems worked without hitches and the health and mood of the crew were excellent.

    Planned linkup with Mir-station:

    If all continues to go according to plan the Soyuz-TM22 will dock at the forward docking port (P.Kh.O. -transition section), the -X axis on 5.09.95 at 1030 UTC. The last phase of the approach will take place within our range during Mir-orbit 54543 from 1018-1025 UTC. In this period we can expect radio traffic on the frequencies: 121.750 Mc (Soyuz-TM22) and 143.625 Mc (Mir). It is not possible to predict whether the old Altair on 17 dgs West will be used or not for this good old 'geo' did not show up since 26.08.95 0824 UTC.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1995 September 11 - .
1995 October 8 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-29 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 229. Mass: 7,122 kg (15,701 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-22. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 71.89 days. Completed Operations Date: 1995-12-19 16:15:20 . Decay Date: 1995-12-19 16:15:20 . USAF Sat Cat: 23678 . COSPAR: 1995-053A. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Launched into an initial 194 x 242 km x 51.7 deg orbit. Docked with Mir's rear of the Kvant module port on 10 Oct 1995 20:32:40 GMT (Soyuz TM-22 was docked to the front port). Undocked on 19 Dec 1995 09:15:05 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Dec 1995 16:15:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.36 days. Total docked time 69.53 days.


1995 October 20 - . 11:50 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-20-1 - . Crew: Avdeyev, Reiter. EVA Duration: 0.22 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev, Reiter. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Soyuz TM-22. Spacecraft: Mir. Sample cassettes installed in ESEF (European Science Exposure Facility)..

1995 November 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-74 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Cameron, Hadfield, Halsell, McArthur, Ross. Payload: Atlantis F15 / 316GK SM. Mass: 6,134 kg (13,523 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cameron, Hadfield, Halsell, McArthur, Ross. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TM-22, STS-74. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 8.19 days. Decay Date: 1995-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 23714 . COSPAR: 1995-061A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 257 km (159 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    Rendezvoused and docked with Mir space station on November 15. Delivered the Russian-built 316GK Shuttle-Mir docking module to Mir.Payloads: Shuttle-Mir Mission 2; docking module with two attached solar arrays; IMAX Cargo Bay Camera (ICBC); Glow Experiment (GLO-4)/ Photogrammetric Appendage Structural Dynamics Experiment (PASDE) Payload (GPP); Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II.

  • External Airlock/ODS - . Payload: EAL/ODS. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-22, STS-74. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: EAL/ODS. Decay Date: 1995-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 23714 . COSPAR: 1995-061xx. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.
  • Mir-Shuttle Docking Module - . Payload: DM 316GK s/n 1. Mass: 6,134 kg (13,523 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Soyuz TM-22, STS-74. Spacecraft Bus: Mir. Spacecraft: Mir-Shuttle Docking Module. Duration: 8.19 days. COSPAR: 1995-061xx. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 356 km (221 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Atlantis rendezvoused and docked with Mir space station on Nov 15. After departure the Russian-built 316GK Shuttle-Mir docking module remained attached to Mir to provide easier docking capability in the future..

1995 November 20 - .
1995 December 8 - . 19:23 GMT - .
1995 December 18 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-30 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 230. Mass: 7,068 kg (15,582 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-22. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 65.85 days. Decay Date: 1996-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 23744 . COSPAR: 1995-070A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Docked with Mir on 20 Dec 1995 16:10:15 GMT. Undocked on 22 Feb 1996 07:30:02 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 22 Feb 1996 11:02:36 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.22 days. Total docked time 63.64 days..

1996 February 8 - . 14:03 GMT - .
1996 February 21 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Soyuz TM-23 - . Call Sign: Skif (Roman-age tribe). Crew: Onufrienko, Usachyov. Backup Crew: Lazutkin, Tsibliyev. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 72. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Lazutkin, Onufrienko, Tsibliyev, Usachyov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-22, Soyuz TM-23. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 193.80 days. Decay Date: 1996-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 23798 . COSPAR: 1996-011A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Mir Expedition EO-21. Soyuz TM-23 docked with Mir at 14:20:35 on February 23..

1996 February 29 - .

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