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Usachyov, Yuri Vladimirovich
Usachyov
Usachyov
Credit: www.spacefacts.de
Russian engineer cosmonaut 1989-2004. 552 cumulative days in space.

Status: Inactive; Active 1989-2004. Born: 1957-10-09. Spaceflights: 4 . Total time in space: 552.93 days. Birth Place: Donetsk, Rostov.

Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. After retirement as an active cosmonaut in April 2004, Usachyov began work in Section 291 of RKK Energia. He became part of a small group of cosmonaut veterans, tasked with transferring their experience to future cosmonaut-trainees.

Official NASA Biography as of June 2016:Yury Vladimirovich Usachev
Cosmonaut. Resides in Star City.

PERSONAL DATA: Born October 9, 1957 in Donetsk, Rostov on Don Region, Russia. Married to Vera Sergeevna Usacheva (nee Nazarova) of Kalingrad, Moscow region. They have one daughter, Zhenya. His mother, Anna Grigorevna Usacheva resides in Donetsk. His father is deceased. He has a brother, 5 years older, and a sister, 5 minutes older. He enjoys photography and video production.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Donetsk Public Schools in 1975. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute with an engineering diploma, in 1985.

HONORS: Awarded both the Hero of the Russian Federation and the Pilot/Cosmonaut medals after his first space flight in 1994. After his second flight, in 1996, he was awarded the Order of Service to the Country, Level III. He was also named a Chevalier in the French Honor Legion. NASA awarded him the NASA medal for Public Service, and the NASA Space Flight Medal.

EXPERIENCE: Upon graduation from the Aviation Institute, he went to work for Energia, participating in groups working with EVA training, future construction in space, public relations, and ergonomics. In 1989, he was appointed to the position of cosmonaut candidate at the Cosmonaut Training Center. From 1989 to 1992, he underwent a course of general space training. He was a member of the back-up crew for the Mir-13, 14 and 19 missions. From January 8, 1994 to July 9, 1994, he served as Board Engineer on Space Station Mir. From February 21 to September 2, 1996, he again served as Board Engineer on Mir-21. One month later, he and Yuri Onufrienko were joined by NASA's Shannon Lucid. He next flew on STS-101, the third Shuttle mission devoted to International Space Station (ISS) construction. More recently, he was the Commander of the Expedition-2 crew which launched on March 8, 2001 aboard STS-102 Discovery and successfully docked with the International Space Station on March 9, 2001. The Expedition-2 crew lived and worked aboard ISS for the next 163 days. They returned to Earth with the crew of STS-105 on August 22, 2001, on the Shuttle flight delivering the third Expedition crew. Altogether, Usachev has logged over 670 days in space and has participated in 6 EVAs.

AUGUST 2001

Official NASA Biography - 1997

A pilot-cosmonaut of Russia and reserve First Lieutenant, he lives in the city of Kaliningrad, Moscow region.

Position: Test-cosmonaut of the Energia Rocket-Space Corporation.

Date and place of birth: October 9, 1957, city of Donetsk, Rostov Region, Russia.

Parents: Father Vladimir Andreyevich USACHEV, born 1930.

Mother: Anna Grigoreyevna USACHEVA, (ESIPENKO), born 1930.

They live in the city of Donetsk.

Education: Moscow Aviation Institute in 1985.

Family status: Married, wife Vera Sergeyevna USACHEVA (NAZAROVA), BORN 1961.

Daughter: Yevgeniya, born 1988.

Interests: Sports, hiking.

Honors: Hero of Russian Federation.

Work experience: Since 1985 he has worked at the RSC Energia. He joined the cosmonauts of RSC Energia in 1989. From September 1989 to January 1991 he attended the general space training course at the Yu.A. Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center.

From April 1991 to August 1992 he trained for space flight as a member of the test-cosmonaut group in the Mir station program.

In 1992 and 1993 he trained for flight on the Mir complex in the Mir-13 program as flight engineer of the backup crew.

From February to June 1993 he trained for flight on the Mir complex in the programs Mir-14 and "Altaire" (France) as flight engineer of the backup crew.

From August 1993 to January 1994 he trained in the Mir-15 program as flight engineer of the main crew.

From January to July 1994 he flew on the Mir orbital complex for 182 days.

From April to June 1995 he trained for flight on the Mir station as flight engineer of the backup crew in the Mir -19 and "Mir-Shuttle" programs.

At present he is training for space flight on the Soyuz TM transport vehicle and the Mir station as flight engineer of the main crew in the Mir-21 and "Mir-NASA" programs.

Characteristics

Detachment: NPOE-9. Departed Date: 2004-04-05. Total EVA Time: 1.31 days. Number of EVAs: 7. Marital Status: Married. Children: One child. Education: MAI.


More at: Usachyov.

Family: Cosmonaut, Energia Engineer Group 10 - 1989. Country: Russia. Spacecraft: ISS, Mir. Flights: Soyuz TM-16, Soyuz TM-17, Soyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-18 Mir LD-4, STS-71 Mir EO-19, Soyuz TM-23, STS-101, STS-102 ISS EO-2, STS-105, STS-105 ISS EO-3. Agency: Korolev bureau. Bibliography: 12, 6134.
Photo Gallery

Soyuz TM-18Soyuz TM-18
Polyakov, Afanasyev, Usachev aboard Mir.
Credit: RKK Energia


Soyuz TM-18Soyuz TM-18
Usachev with Penguin suit aboard Mir.
Credit: RKK Energia



1957 October 9 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Vladimirovich Usachyov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Usachyov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-15, Mir EO-21, STS-101, ISS EO-2. 552 cumulative days in space..

1989 January 25 - .
1993 July 1 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-17 - . Call Sign: Sirius (Sirius ). Crew: Haignere, Serebrov, Tsibliyev. Backup Crew: Afanasyev, Andre-Deshays, Usachyov. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 66. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Andre-Deshays, Haignere, Serebrov, Tsibliyev, Usachyov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-16, Soyuz TM-17, Soyuz TM-17 Altair. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 196.74 days. Decay Date: 1994-02-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 22704 . COSPAR: 1993-043A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

    Mir Expedition EO-14. Carried Vasili Tsibliyev, Alexander Serebrov, Jean-Pierre Haignere to Mir; returned Serebrov, Tsibliyev to Earth. Progress M-18 undocked from Mir's front port at around 17:25 GMT on July 3, and Soyuz TM-17 docked at the same port only 20 minutes later at 17:45 GMT.


1994 January 8 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
1994 July 9 - .
1995 June 27 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP3. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-71 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Baker, Budarin, Dunbar, Gibson, Harbaugh, Precourt, Solovyov. Backup Crew: Onufrienko, Usachyov. Payload: Atlantis F14 / Spacelab-Mir LM. Mass: 12,191 kg (26,876 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Baker, Budarin, Dunbar, Gibson, Harbaugh, Onufrienko, Precourt, Solovyov, Usachyov. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TM-21, STS-71, STS-71 Mir EO-19. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 9.81 days. Decay Date: 1995-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 23600 . COSPAR: 1995-030A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 342 km (212 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Mir Expedition EO-19. Transferred Budarin, Solovyov to Mir, returned Soyuz TM-21 crew to Earth. After undocking from Mir on July 4, Atlantis spent several days on orbit, carrying out medical research work with the Spacelab-Mir module in the cargo bay. Payloads: Shuttle/Mir Mission 1, Spacelab-Mir, IMAX camera, Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX).


1996 February 21 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Soyuz TM-23 - . Call Sign: Skif (Roman-age tribe). Crew: Onufrienko, Usachyov. Backup Crew: Lazutkin, Tsibliyev. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 72. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Lazutkin, Onufrienko, Tsibliyev, Usachyov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-22, Soyuz TM-23. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 193.80 days. Decay Date: 1996-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 23798 . COSPAR: 1996-011A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Mir Expedition EO-21. Soyuz TM-23 docked with Mir at 14:20:35 on February 23..

1996 March 15 - . 01:04 GMT - .
1996 May 21 - . 22:50 GMT - .
1996 May 25 - . 20:47 GMT - .
1996 May 30 - . 18:20 GMT - .
1996 June 6 - . 16:56 GMT - .
1996 June 13 - . 12:45 GMT - .
1996 September 2 - .
2000 May 19 - . 10:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-101 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Halsell, Helms, Horowitz, Usachyov, Voss, Weber, Mary, Williams, Jeffrey. Payload: Atlantis F21. Mass: 115,900 kg (255,500 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Halsell, Helms, Horowitz, Usachyov, Voss, Weber, Mary, Williams, Jeffrey. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-101. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 9.84 days. Decay Date: 2000-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 26368 . COSPAR: 2000-027A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 352 km (218 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.90 min.

    ISS Logistics flight. Launch delayed three times by weather. Objective of mission STS-101 was repair, resupply and construction tasks aboard the international space station. This was the first launch with new electronic cockpit displays and other upgrades. The solid boosters separated at 10:13 GMT and the main engines cutoff at 10:19 GMT. The external tank, ET-102 then separated, with both orbiter and ET-102 in a 52 x 320 km initial orbit. At 10:54 GMT the OMS engines fired to raise perigee to 159 x 329 km x at 51.6 deg. Atlantis docked with the International Space Station's PMA-2 docking adapter on the Unity node at 04:31 GMT on May 21. At that time the ISS was in a 332 x 341 km orbit.

    On May 22 mission specialists Jeff Williams and James carried out external maintenance work on the ISS.

    On May 23 at 00:03 GMT the Atlantis crew opened the first hatch to PMA-2 and entered the Station. The crew replaced a set of batteries in Zarya, installed fans and ducting to improve airflow, and delivered supplies and equipment. Three hour-long orbit raising burns on May 24 and 25 by the RCS engines on Atlantis raised the station to a 372 x 380 km x 51.6 deg orbit.

    The STS-101 crew left the station on May 26, closing the PMA-2 hatch at 08:08 GMT and undocking at 23:03 GMT. Atlantis performed a 180 degree flyaround of the station and departed the vicinity around 23:44 GMT.

    Atlantis closed its payload bay doors around 02:30 GMT on May 29 and fired the OMS engines for deorbit at 05:12 GMT. The vehicle landed on RW15 at Kennedy Space Center at 06:20 GMT. Atlantis was to be turned around for the next ISS shuttle flight, STS-106.

    Left in orbit was the renovated International Space Station, equipped with an upgraded electrical system, new fans, filters, fire extinguishers, smoke detectors and communications gear.


2000 May 29 - .
2001 March 8 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP3. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-102 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Helms, Kelly, James, Richards, Paul, Thomas, Andrew, Usachyov, Voss, Wetherbee. Payload: Discovery F29. Mass: 116,884 kg (257,685 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Helms, Kelly, James, Richards, Paul, Thomas, Andrew, Usachyov, Voss, Wetherbee. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-102, STS-102 ISS EO-2. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 12.83 days. Decay Date: 2001-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 26718 . COSPAR: 2001-010A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 92.06 min.

    STS 102 was an American shuttle spacecraft that carried a crew of seven astronauts (six American and one Russian). The primary mission was to deliver a multi-rack Italian container (Leonardo MultiPurpose Logistics Module, LMPLM) to the Destiny Module of the International Space Station, ISS. It docked with the ISS at 05:34 UT on 9 March. The 6.4 m x 4.6 m cylindrical LMPLM delivered new equipment to Destiny, and retrieved used/unwanted equipment, and trash back to the shuttle. The crew did a few spacewalks to install a platform on the ISS to support a Canadian robot arm when it arrives next month. The STS 102 left behind three of the astronauts (two American and one Russian) and brought back the three astronauts (one American and two Russian) who had been inhabiting the ISS for about four and a half months. It landed at Cape Canaveral at 07:31 UT on 21 March.

    Discovery was launched on mission STS-102 (Space Station flight 5A.1) into an initial 60 x 222 km x 51.6 deg orbit. The mission was delivery of supplies and equipment, and changeout of the Expedition One and Expedition Two station crews. STS-102 carried the Leonardo Multi Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM), built by Alenia Spazio (Torino), to the International Space Station. The 6.4 m x 4.6 m cylindrical MPLM was a descendant of the Spacelab long modules. Also carried was a Spacehab/Energia unpressurized Integrated Cargo Carrier with LCA/MTSAS-A, RU, and PFCS. A sidewall adapter beam with two GAS canisters (G-783 and WSVFM) was also on board. WSVFM measured vibration during launch. Another adapter beam, probably at the rear of the payload bay, carried SEM-9. SEM-9 and G-783 contained high school microgravity experiments.

    Leonardo carried 16 'racks' of equipment, including the Human Research Facility Rack (Rack 13) which allowed the astronauts to do extensive medical experiments, the CHeCS Rack (28), the DDCU-1 and DDCU-2 racks (7 and 9), the Avionics-3 (Rack 6), and the MSS Avionics/Lab (Rack 11) and Avionics/Cupola (Rack 12) racks for a total of 7 equipment racks to be installed on Destiny. Three Resupply Stowage Racks (50, 51, 52) and four Resupply Stowage Platforms (180, 181, 182 and 188) remained installed on Leonardo, with their equipment bags being individually transferred to the Station. System Racks 2, 3, 4, 5 and 8 were already on Destiny together with stowage racks 110 through 117. Each rack had a mass of 150-300 kg.

    The orbiter fired its OMS engines at 1221 GMT to raise the orbit to 185 x 219 km. Discovery docked with the PMA-2 port on the Station at 0639 GMT on March 10. The LCA (Lab Cradle Assembly) was attached to Destiny's +Z side during an EVA. It was to be used on the next mission to temporarily place a Spacelab pallet on Destiny during installation of the Station's robot arm. Later, it would be the site for the main Station truss, beginning with segment S0.

    The PMA-3, on Unity at the -Z nadir position, had to be moved to the port position to make room for Leonardo. An external stowage platform was attached to Destiny and the External Stowage Platform and the PFCS Pump Flow Control System were added to the port aft trunnion on Destiny. A rigid umbilical (RU) was connected to the PDGF grapple fixture on Destiny to support the Station's future robot arm. Leonardo was docked to Unity at -Z for a while so that its cargo could be transferred to the station easily; it was then be returned to the payload bay and brought back to earth.

    At 0232 GMT on March 19 command of ISS was transferred to Expedition 2 and the hatches were closed. Discovery undocked at 0432 GMT and flew once around the station before departing at 0548 GMT. ISS mass after undocking was 115527 kg. The OMS engines fired for the deorbit burn at 0625 GMT on March 21, and Discovery touched down on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 0731 GMT.


2001 June 8 - . 14:20 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-2-2 - . Crew: Usachyov, Voss. EVA Duration: 0.0271 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Usachyov, Voss. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-102 ISS EO-2.

    Depressurized work was undertaken in the Zvezda transfer section, using Orlan-M spacesuits, while Susan Helms remained in the pressurized Zarya module. The 1-meter diameter flat hatch cover was removed from the nadir docking port, opening the transfer compartment to vacuum. The Zvezda docking cone, removed from the axial port after docking with Zarya a year before, was then installed in the open hatch and sealed in place. No external spacewalk was performed.


2001 August 22 - .

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