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Encyclopedia Astronautica Index: Q

Q-1 - Alternate name of Q-3.
Q-10 - Radioplane post-war USAF target drone; OQ-19 derivative.
Q-11 - American drone that would have been based on the cancelled F-108 fighter of the late 1950's.
Q-12 - Alternate name of AQM-37.
Q-12 - Alternate name of AQM-37C.
Q-14 - Culver post-war USAF target drone.
Q-2 - Alternate name of Firebee BGM-34.
Q-3 - Radioplane post-war USAF target drone.
Q-4 - Alternate name of AQM-35.
Q-5 - Alternate name of Kingfisher AQM-60.
Q-6 - American post-war USAF target drone; medium performance target drone project; cancelled.
Q-8 - Alternate name of Cadet PQ-8.
Q-9 - American post-war USAF target drone; low-cost short duration target drone project; cancelled.
QA - Abbreviation for Quality assurance
QARMAN (QB50 BE05) - Technology satellite for Von Karman Institute, Belgium. Used the CubeSat (3U) bus. Gross mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb).
Qatar -
QB-17 - American B-17 bombers converted to drones for target use.
QB50 AT03 - Alternate name of Pegasus (QB50 AT03).
QB50 AU01 - Alternate name of SUSat (QB50 AU01).
QB50 AU02 - Alternate name of UNSW-EC0 (QB50 AU02).
QB50 AU03 - Alternate name of i-INSPIRE 2 (QB50 AU03).
QB50 AZ01 - Alternate name of ZA-AeroSat (QB50 AZ01).
QB50 AZ02 - Alternate name of nSIGHT 1 (QB50 AZ02).
QB50 BE05 - Alternate name of QARMAN (QB50 BE05).
QB50 BR01 - Alternate name of 14-BISat (QB50 BR01).
QB50 CA01 - Alternate name of YUsend-QB50 (QB50 CA01).
QB50 CA03 - Alternate name of Ex-Alta 1 (QB50 CA03).
QB50 CN01 - Alternate name of BUSAT 1 (QB50 CN01).
QB50 CN02 - Alternate name of LilacSat 1 (Zidingxiang 1, QB50 CN02).
QB50 CN03 - Alternate name of NJUST 1 (QB50 CN03).
QB50 CN04 - Alternate name of Aoxiang 1 (QB50 CN04).
QB50 CN06 - Alternate name of NUDTSat (QB50 CN06).
QB50 CZ02 - Alternate name of VZLUsat 1 (QB50 CZ02).
QB50 DE02 - Alternate name of SOMP 2 (QB50 DE02).
QB50 DE04 - Alternate name of COMPASS 2 (DragSail-Cubesat, QB50 DE04).
QB50 ES01 - Alternate name of QBITO (QB50 ES01).
QB50 FI01 - Alternate name of Aalto 2 (QB50 FI01).
QB50 FR01 - Alternate name of X-CubeSat (QB50 FR01).
QB50 FR03 - Alternate name of IP2SAT (QB50 FR03).
QB50 FR05 - Alternate name of SpaceCube (QB50 FR05).
QB50 GB03 - Alternate name of UCLSat (QB50 GB03).
QB50 GB06 - Alternate name of InflateSail (QB50 GB06).
QB50 GR01 - Alternate name of DUTHSat (QB50 GR01).
QB50 GR02 - Alternate name of UPSat (QB50 GR02).
QB50 IL01 - Alternate name of Hoopoe (QB50 IL01).
QB50 IN01 - Alternate name of ANUSAT 2 (QB50 IN01).
QB50 IT02 - Alternate name of URSA MAIOR (QB50 IT02).
QB50 KR01 - Alternate name of LINK (QB50 KR01).
QB50 KR02 - Alternate name of SNUSAT 1 (QB50 KR02).
QB50 LT01 - Alternate name of LituanicaSAT 2 (QB50 LT01).
QB50 LT01 - Alternate name of SamSat-QB50 (QB50 LT01).
QB50 PT01 - Alternate name of GAMASAT 1 (QB50 PT01).
QB50 RO01, RO02 - Alternate name of RoBiSAT 1, 2 (QB50 RO01, RO02).
QB50 SE01 - Alternate name of qbee50-LTU-OC (QB50 SE01).
QB50 TR01 - Alternate name of BeEagleSat (QB50 TR01).
QB50 TR02 - Alternate name of HAVELSAT (QB50 TR02).
QB50 TW01 - Alternate name of Phoenix (QB50 TW01).
QB50 UA01 - Alternate name of PolyITAN 2-SAU (Polytan 2-SAU, QB50 UA01).
QB50 US01 - Alternate name of QBUS 1 (Challenger, QB50 US01).
QB50 US02 - Alternate name of QBUS 2 (Atlantis, QB50 US02).
QB50 US03 - Alternate name of QBUS 3 (Discovery, QB50 US03).
QB50 US04 - Alternate name of QBUS 4 (Columbia, QB50 US04).
Qb50P - 2U Cubesat; part of a constellation of 50 CubeSats built by university teams to study the lower thermosphere.
QB50P1 (EO 79, European-OSCAR 79, FUNcube 3) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite built by ISIS for von Karman Institute, Belgium. Launched 2014. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. First Launch: 2014-06-19. Last Launch: 2014-06-19. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
QB50P2 (EO 80, European-OSCAR 80) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite built by ISIS for von Karman Institute, Belgium. Launched 2014. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. First Launch: 2014-06-19. Last Launch: 2014-06-19. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
qbee50-LTU-OC (QB50 SE01) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite built by Luleň Tekniska Universitet, Open Cosmos for Luleň Tekniska Universitet, Sweden. Launched 2017. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. First Launch: 2017-04-18. Last Launch: 2017-04-18. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
QBITO (QB50 ES01) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite for Universidad PolitÚcnica de Madrid, Spain. Launched 2017. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. First Launch: 2017-04-18. Last Launch: 2017-04-18. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
QBScout - 2.5P PocketQube Cubesat from University of Maryland/Baltimore County.
QBUS 1 (Challenger, QB50 US01) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite for University of Colorado Boulder, USA. Launched 2017. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. First Launch: 2017-04-18. Last Launch: 2017-04-18. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
QBUS 2 (Atlantis, QB50 US02) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite for University of Michigan, USA. Launched 2017. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. First Launch: 2017-04-18. Last Launch: 2017-04-18. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
QBUS 3 (Discovery, QB50 US03) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite for Stanford University, USA. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
QBUS 4 (Columbia, QB50 US04) - Technology, thermospheric research satellite for Universidad del Turabo, Puerto Rico, USA. Launched 2017. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus. First Launch: 2017-04-18. Last Launch: 2017-04-18. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb).
QbX - 3U Cubesat satellite built by Pumpkin Inc of San Francisco for the National Reconnaissance Office's Colony-1 technology development project. Successful.
QbX 1, 2 - Technology satellite built by NRL Naval Center for Space; Pumpkin Inc. (bus) for NRL Naval Center for Space for NRO, USA. Launched 2010. Used the CubeSat (3U) bus. First Launch: 2010-12-08. Last Launch: 2010-12-08. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb).
QF-80 - American F-80 Shooting Star fighters were converted to radio-controlled drones.
QH-50 DASH - American Drone Anti-Submarine Helicopter.
Qi Faren - Chinese chief designer. Chief Designer for Chinese Spacecraft, 1992-on, succeeding Qian. Led development of Shenzhou, 1992-1999. Engineering education in Russia, 1958-1960; participated in design of first Chinese satellite, DFH-1, in 1960's. Born: 1933.
Qiam 1 - Iranian missile derived from R-17 via North Korea. Status: Active. First Launch: 2010-08-20. Last Launch: 2016-03-08. Number: 2 .
Qinetiq - Australian agency. Qinetiq, Australia.
Qom - Military testing range, located near this Iranian religious center. First Launch: 1991-05-01. Last Launch: 1991-05-01. Number: 1 .
Q-PACE (Cu-PACE) - Microgravity satellite for University of Central Florida (UCF), USA. Used the CubeSat (2U) bus.
QQW - Chinese atmospheric balloon experiment, part of the SJ series.
QQW 1, 2 (DQ 1, 2) - Chinese balloon satellites for studies of the density of the upper atmosphere. First Launch: 1990-09-03. Last Launch: 1990-09-03. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb).
QSAT - Alternate name for Tsukushi.
QSAT-EOS (Tsukushi) - Technology, Earth observation satellite for Kyushu University, Japan. Launched 2014. First Launch: 2014-11-06. Last Launch: 2014-11-06. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 49 kg (108 lb).
QSO - Abbreviation for Quasi-Stellar Object
QSS (QUESS, Mozi) - Science satellite built by CAS (prime) for Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China. Launched 2016. First Launch: 2016-08-15. Last Launch: 2016-08-15. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb).
Quad - American manned lunar lander. Study 2009. Prototype lunar lander developed by Armadillo Aerospace with private funds. Quad was the only entry in the 2006 competition for the X-Prize Cup Lunar Lander challenge. Status: Study 2009. Gross mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Unfuelled mass: 290 kg (630 lb). Thrust: 13.40 kN (3,012 lbf). More at: Lox/Alcohol
Quad Deacon - American test vehicle. Single stage vehicle consisting of 4 Deacons fired in parallel. Status: Retired 1954. First Launch: 1953-01-14. Last Launch: 1954-03-26. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Thrust: 100.00 kN (22,480 lbf).
Quail - Alternate name of Shelduck MQM-36.
Quail ADM-20 - McDonnell 1950's USAF air-to-surface missile.
Quail ADM-20A - American decoy missile. Gross mass: 558 kg (1,230 lb). Thrust: 10.88 kN (2,446 lbf).
Quail ADM-20C - American decoy missile. Gross mass: 544 kg (1,199 lb).
Quail KD4G - Globe late 1940's US Navy anti-aircraft missile.
QuakeFinder - American agency. QuakeFinder, USA.
Quakesat - 3U Cubesat for Stanford University/Quakesat LLC Quakesat was to be used for detection of ELF radio emissions from seismic activity. Successful.
QuakeSat 1 - Earth sciences satellite built by Stanford University for QuakeFinder, LCC, USA. Launched 2003. Used the CubeSat (triple) bus. First Launch: 2003-06-30. Last Launch: 2003-06-30. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb).
Quarles, Donald A - American manager, secretary of the Air Force 1955 -1957, deputy secretary of defense 1957- 1959. Played a key role in the Vanguard-Jupiter satellite launcher dispute. Born: 1894. Died: 1959-01-01.
Quasar - Classified communications and data relay satellite for the National Reconnaissance Office. Status: Operational 1976. First Launch: 1976-06-02. Last Launch: 2014-05-22. Number: 17 .
Quasar 20 (SDS-4 1) - Comsat / Relay satellite for NRO, USA. Launched 2016. First Launch: 2016-07-28. Last Launch: 2016-07-28. Number: 1 .
Quayle, J Danforth 'Dan' - American politician, Vice President 1989-1993, headed National Space Council, involved in development of space station and its conversion from a national to an international projects.
QubeScout S1 - Technology satellite for University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), USA. Launched 2013. Used the 2.5U PocketQube bus. First Launch: 2013-11-21. Last Launch: 2013-11-21. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 0 kg (0 lb).
QUESS - Alternate name of QSS (QUESS, Mozi).
Quest 1 - Technology, education satellite for Valley Christian High School's AMSE Institute, Quest Institute for Quality Education, USA. Used the CubeSat (1U) bus. Gross mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb).
QUESTOL - Quiet, experimental, short takeoff and landing aircraft .
Quetzsat - Communications satellite series leased to Echostar.
QuetzSat 1 - Communication satellite built by Space Systems/Loral (SS/L) for QuetzSat SRL de CV (SES Satellite Leasing Limited, Grupo Medcom/Mexico), Mexico. Launched 2011. Used the SSL-1300 bus. First Launch: 2011-09-29. Last Launch: 2011-09-29. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 5,514 kg (12,156 lb).
Quick Reach - American low cost orbital launch vehicle. Family of low-cost space boosters under development by AirLaunch LLC under DARPA and NASA contracts in 2007-2008. Status: Development.
Quick Reach 1 - American low cost orbital launch vehicle. Low-cost air-launched pressure-fed liquid oxygen/propane launch vehicle developed under DARPA's Falcon program. Status: In development. Gross mass: 32,650 kg (71,980 lb). Payload: 635 kg (1,399 lb).
Quick Reach 2 - American low cost orbital launch vehicle. Enlarged version of the Quick Reach launch vehicle proposed to launch the t/Space CXV manned spacecraft. The concept built on both Quick Reach and SpaceShipOne to produce a low-cost air-launched man-rated pressure-fed liquid oxygen/propane launch vehicle. Status: Design 2005. Gross mass: 87,000 kg (191,000 lb). Payload: 3,700 kg (8,100 lb).
QuickBird - American civilian surveillance satellite. One launch, 2001.10.18. The QuickBird commercial imaging satellite was owned by DigitalGlobe (formerly EarthWatch) and used a Ball BCP2000 bus with a launch mass of 1028 kg and a dry mass of about 995 kg. Earth observing satellite built by Ball Aerospace for Earthwatch Inc. => DigitalGlobe, USA. Launched 2000 - 2001. Used the BCP-2000 bus. Status: Operational 2001. First Launch: 2000-11-20. Last Launch: 2001-10-18. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 1,028 kg (2,266 lb). Unfuelled mass: 995 kg (2,193 lb).
QuikScat - American earth sea satellite. One launch, 1999.06.20. Built under a NASA rapid delivery contract. Carried the SeaWinds scatterometer for remote sensing of ocean winds. Earth observing satellite built by Ball Aerospace for NASA, USA. Launched 1999. Used the BCP-2000 bus. Status: Operational 1999. First Launch: 1999-06-19. Last Launch: 1999-06-19. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 970 kg (2,130 lb).
QuikTOMS - Earth observing satellite built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) for NASA, USA. Launched 2001. Used the MicroStar (double) bus. First Launch: 2001-09-21. Last Launch: 2001-09-21. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 166 kg (365 lb).
QuikTOMS - The QuikTOMS satellite was a NASA-GSFC project carrying the TOMS-5 ozone mapper. QuikTOMS used a 168 kg double Microstar bus and was to have replaced TOMS instruments on a delayed Russian weather satellite and the failed ADEOS.
Quill - American surveillance radarsat. First test of a side-looking radar from outer space. The mission lasted only four days, as planned, delivering by radio link and a reentry capsule imagery with a resolution of 4 m over an area of 100,000 square kilometers. Reconnaissance, Radar (Tape return type) satellite built by Lockheed, Goodyear, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan for NRO, USA. Launched 1964. Status: Operational 1964. First Launch: 1964-12-21. Last Launch: 1964-12-21. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb).
Quistgaard, Erik - European Manager. Erik Quistgaard, was the Director General of the European Space Agency from 1980-1984. As head of ESA, he oversaw the Ariane rocket's development and Spacelab's many contributions to space science.
QZS - QZS
QZS - Quasi-Zenith Satellite System using the DS2000 bus; carried L-band navigation payload to augment GPS and a C-band transponder for communications. Placed in an inclined geosynchronous orbit that brings nearly overhead of Japan at peak usage hours.
QZS 1 (Michibiki 1) - Navigation satellite built by Mitsubishi Electric (MELCO) for JAXA, Japan. Launched 2010. Used the DS-2000 bus. First Launch: 2010-09-11. Last Launch: 2010-09-11. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb).
QZS 2, 4 (Michibiki 2, 4) - Navigation satellite built by Mitsubishi Electric (MELCO) for JAXA, Japan. Used the DS-2000 bus. Gross mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb).
QZS 3 (Michibiki 3) - Navigation satellite built by Mitsubishi Electric (MELCO) for JAXA, Japan. Used the DS-2000 bus. Gross mass: 4,700 kg (10,300 lb).

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