Encyclopedia Astronautica
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France
Biscarosse
Biscarosse
Credit: © Mark Wade
France

People: Pesquet, de Bergerac, Verne, Esnault-Pelterie, Hackh, Bringer, Pilz, Loertsch, Haug, Bonnet, Chretien, Baudry, Bornscheuer, Habermann, Jauernick, KIar, Mueller, Otto, Schubert, Walther, Weiss, Boese, Bayer, Bernkopf, Billig, Buhl, Bachmann, Bodenstein, Buechner, Dollhopf, Deucker, Fabian, Dr, Frey, Gross, I, Gardian, Grater, Goertz, Heine, Hoehne, Haas, Hittenberger, Just, Kauba, Kraehe, Kohl, Kieffer, Kramer, Laebe, Lang, Liesegang, Lammerhirt, Menke, Mosch, Nettersheim, Runge, Schmidt, C, Stumke, Schossig, Stoerk, Schmoll, Seidel, Strobel, Sohn, Schlotzer, Schnapper, Schabert, Scheidt, Schmidt, W, Voigt, Woytech, Wueterich, Weissenborn, Haignere, Favier, Tognini, Ananoff, Viso, Eyharts, Andre-Deshays, Clervoy, Patat, Silve, Perrin, Gasparini, Koenig, Behnke, Keiner. Country: France. Engines: HM7-A, HM7-B, SPW-2000, Atar 9K, HM-10, MD-620 engine, Topaze, Veronique 61 engine, Viking 2, Vulcain 2, Viking 4, Vexin A, Vexin B, Viking 2B, Viking 4B, Vexin C, Viking 5C, Veronique AGI engine, Vinci, Vulcain. Spacecraft: Astrobus, I-3K, Proteus, Spirale, Pleiades, Garsaux Suit, Oscar, AE, Asterix, FRANCE satellite, EFA-30, D, Diadem, VERAS, Dial MIKA, Peole, Eole satellite, STV 4, DS-U2-GKA, SRET, Helios, Symphonie, Starlette, Spacebus 100, AUOS, Signe, ECS/OTS, EA, Firewheel, SSTL-70, ISS, SPOT-1-2-3, Spacebus 300, Eurostar 2000, FS-1300, Eurostar 1000, SARA, S80/T, Topex/Poseidon, Hermes, STELLA, Spacebus 2000, Helios 1A-1B, Spacebus 3000, AS 2100, PS Model, MAQSAT, Star bus, SPOT-4, ARD, Jason, SPOT-5A-5B, Cubesat, Demeter, Helios 2, Myriade, Spacebus 4000, Eurostar 3000, Corot, ATV, Ares spaceplane, Dragon. Launch Vehicles: MSBS M21, Jules Verne Moon Gun, EA 1941, Atlas, Super V-2, SE.4100, SE.4300, SE.4350, Veronique R, R.04, Veronique N, Veronique NA, SEPR 2020, Veronique P2, Veronique P6, Veronique, Eole, SE4400, Lutin, Monica, Monica I, Thor, R-7, M-100, Arcas, Daniel, OPd-56-39-22D, Black Brant, R-14, Monica IV, Scout, Antares, VE, VE10 Aigle, Meteo, VE9, Vega SAM, Vega Statoreacteur, Belier, Belier I, Belier II, Belier III, Agate, Skua, MR-12, Centaure, Centaure 1, Centaure 2A, Centaure 2B, Centaure 2C, Berenice, MD-01, Topaze VE111, CNES Shuttle 1963, Emma, VE10A Aigle, Dragon 1, Dragon 2B, Dragon 3, Pegase, Topaze VE111L, Berenice Satmos, Belenos, Lex, Diamant, Veronique 61, Rubis, Emeraude VE121, MD-620, Tacite, Saphir VE231, Vesta, Veronique AGI, SSBS, SSBS S112, Diamant A, Malaface, MSBS, MSBS M112, Veronique 61M, Titus, MSBS M011, Dauphin, SSBS S01, Belisama, MSBS M012, MSBS M013, Epona, Belia, Super Loki, Eridan, SSBS S02, Grannos, Diamant B, MSBS M1, Tibere, Pluton, MSBS M2, Ariane 1, SSBS S2, MSBS M20, Diamant BP.4, SSBS S3, Ariane, Ariane 2/3, MSBS M4, Ariane 2, Ariane 3, Ariane 4, INTA, STS-2000 SSTO, STS-2000 TSTO, Ariane 44LP, Hades, Ariane 44L, Aerospatiale VTVL, Oriflamme, Radiance, STAR-H, TARANIS, Ariane 40, Ariane 42P, Ariane 44Lplus, Ariane 40p, Ariane 44P, Ariane 40-3, Ariane 42L, PSLV, Ariane 42L-3, Ariane 42Pp, Ariane 44LPp, Ariane 42P-3, MSBS M45, Ariane 44P-3, Ariane 5, Ariane 5G, Themis launch vehicle, Polypheme, EXTV, Vehra, Ariane 44L-3, Ariane 44LP-3, SSBS S4, Ariane 5ECA, MSBS M5, Ariane 5Gp, Ariane 5GS, Ariane 5ES, MSBS M51, ASMP, Ariane 5 EC-B, Vega, Ariane 2010, Ariane 5 FLS, Ariane 5 RRL, ADLER, Ariane 5 VTVL. Projects: COMSATBw, Syracuse, Americom, Aureole, Eutelsat, GTE, Hispasat, Intelsat, Intercosmos, JCSAT, SPOT, TDF, Telecom, Thor Comsat, WorldSpace. Launch Sites: Toulon, Wallops Island, Kapustin Yar, Hammaguira, Cape Canaveral, Camp de Suippes, Vandenberg, Vernon, Le Cardonnet, Baikonur, Ile du Levant, Kheysa, Plesetsk, Reggane, Andoya, CELPA, Kerguelen, Thumba, Vik, Biscarosse, El Arenosillo, Las Palmas, Dumont d'Urville, Mar Chiquita, Kourou, Sriharikota, Bay of Biscay Launch Area, Dombarovskiy. Stages: Mirage 4A, Vero P2, Vero P6, Veronique R-1, Oreste, Theodore, SEPR 685-4, Daniel-2, SPRAN-50, Belier II engine, Vega engine, SEPR 740, Tramontane, Melanie, Meteo-1, SEPR P163, SEPR P191, Topaze VE111-1, Topaze VE111L-1, MT 27, NA801, Veronique 61 stage, Belisama engine, Agnes, Emilie, Melusine, Veronique AGI stage, Vesta-1, Europa-2, SEPR 739-2, SEPR P167, SNP Jericho, Ariane 1-1, Ariane 1-2, Veronique 61M stage, SEP 903, SEP 904, Venus engine, Ariane 2-1, Ariane 2-2, Ariane 3-0 P7.35, Ariane 4-0 P9.5 SPB, Ariane 4-0-4L, Ariane 4-1, Mage 2, Rita II, Ariane 5-0 P230, Ariane 5-1 H155, Ariane 5-0 P241, Ariane 5-1 EPC, Acheron, Aurore, Diamant B-1, Diamant-1, Diamant-2, Jericho-1-1, Mage 1, MSBS 501, MSBS 502, MSBS 503, Mammouth, NA 802 Soleil C, NA 803 Soleil, P4, P6, SEP 401, SEP 402, SEP 403, Soleil NA803, Soleil Mammouth, SEP 901, SEP 902, SEPR 16, SEPR 2, SEPR 25, SEPR 43, SEPR 734-1, SEPR 737, SEPR 740-3, SEPR-732, Stromboli. Agency: WFC, MNF, SECT, CASDN, ATEF, RVSN, AN, STA, ONERA, CRS, CNET.



1670 June 20 - .
  • Nova 1670 Vulpeculae - . Nation: France.

1815 October 3 - .
  • Chassigny Meteorite Fall (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: France.

1865 - . LV Family: Jules Verne Moon Gun. Launch Vehicle: Jules Verne Moon Gun.
  • Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon - . Nation: France.

    This was a seminal work that inspired most of the original rocket pioneers. Verne used real engineering analysis to arrive at the design of his cannon and manned moon projectible. As a result, at the time of the Apollo 8 and 11 missions it was noted that Verne had made a number of correct predictions about the actual missions....


1900 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Rudolf Hackh - . Nation: France, Germany. Related Persons: Hackh. German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1908 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Karl-Heinz Bringer - . Nation: France, Germany. Related Persons: Bringer. German engineer. Developer of the Viking engine and propulsion leader of the German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1927 June 8 - .
  • Esnault-Pelterie lecture - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre, Esnault-Pelterie.

    Robert Esnault-Pelterie delivers a groundbreaking lecture on space travel at the Societe Astronomique in Paris. It would be published in book form a year later. One audience member is Jean-Claude Barre, a military engineer who is inspired to begin development of rockets in France.


1928 February 1 - .
  • International Astronautics Prize - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Pelterie.

    Robert Esnault-Peltrie and banker Andre Hirsch establish an International Astronautics Prize of 5000 Francs to be awarded annually for the best scientific, theoretical or experimental work in rocketry and space travel. The prize is discontinued after its value is wiped out in the financial crisis of the early 1930's.


During 1930 - .
  • Esnault-Pelterie publishes L'Astronautique - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Pelterie. This will be the standard work on rocketry and interplanetary flight in French for twenty years..

1931 September 25 - .
  • Initial French rocket experiments - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre, Esnault-Pelterie.

    Robert Esnault-Pelterie and Jean-Claude Barre begins experiments iwth liquid propellant rocket engines under funding from the Department of War. Only three weeks later Esnault-Pelterie loses the fingers of his left hand in an explosion in the laboratory. Nevertheless he and Barre persevere.


1937 December 23 - .
  • Birth of Roger M Bonnet - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Bonnet. French astronomer. Built first French space astronomy experiment, launched by Veronique 1967. Director of Stellar and Planetary Lab of CNRS 1969-1983. Director of the ESA Scientif Program, 1983-2001..

1938 August 20 - .
  • Birth of Jean-Loup Jacques Marie Chretien - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Chretien. French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-1, Mir Aragatz, STS-86. First French astronaut. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs..

1941 January 15 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • Barre repot - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre.

    Barre completed a comprehensive report on the military potential of rocketry. He sketeched out ballistic missiles with 1000 km range, powered by liquid oxygen/gasoline engines. Armor-piercing rockets could reach 2000 m/s and defeat any tank armor. Anti-aircraft rockets would intercept aircraft in half the time. Rocket-boosted bombs would destroy enemey emplacements. Air-augmented rockets could reach even higher range and efficiencies.


1941 June 23 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 development authorised. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre.

    Barre's report worked its way through the wartime bureaucracy, finally reaching the Minister of State for War in Vichy France. It is immediately classived top secret, and Barre is given 300,000 francs to start development of a liquid propellant rocket. In order to keep the work from the notice of the occupying Germans, it is officially for development of automotive gas generators.


1941 November 15 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Barre conducts his first engine test of his EA-1941 surface-to-air rocket at Lazarc. The engine runs for 42 seconds before exploding..

1942 March 17 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre.

    The engine runs for 5 seconds before exploding, producing a thrust of 719 kgf. A second test the following day produces 650 kgf for only four seconds before exploding. Thermal transfer from the engine to the missile structure is found to be the cause, and changes are made.


1942 September 24 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The EA-1941 finally runs at 655 kgf for 11 seconds in a full-duration run. Barre feels the missile is ready for flight test, but this will have to be done in Algeria..

1942 November 8 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 program suspended - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre.

    A third of the test material for the Algerian flight tests had been unloaded in Oran, and the team and the rest of the material were ready to embark at Marseilles. Then news comes of the Allied landings in North Africa. The flight tests were immediately called off, and the team hid all materials in Algeria and France. At the end of 1942, the Germans occupy Vichy France and all further work on the project is supended.


1943 October 1 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 design smuggled to London - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Barre microfilmed the drawings of the rocket and they are smuggled to Britain. Members of Barre's team are detained by the Gestapo. One of them ironically dies in a concentration camp where the inmates are assigned to V-2 rocket production..

1944 September 3 - . LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 program resumes. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. After the liberation of Paris, Barre is immediately put to work on the EA-1941. All of the hidden materials are returned to Lyons and it is decided to conduct test launches from Toulon..

1945 March 15 - . Launch Site: Toulon. LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Exploded after 5 seconds..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Launched from Toulon, France. Intended to take a 25 kg payload to 100 km altitude, the rocket instead veered off course and crashed after 5 seconds of flight..

1945 March 16 - . Launch Site: Toulon. LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Exploded on pad..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Launched from Toulon, France. The rocket exploded on the launch pad, destroying it..

1945 July 6 - . Launch Site: Toulon. LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Veered off, impacted 10 km from the launch pad..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Launched from Toulon, France. The rocket left the launch pad at low acceleration, veered off, and crashes at sea 10 km from the pad..

1945 July 6 - . Launch Site: Toulon. LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Accelerated at a high rate and exploded after 1.2 seconds flight..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Launched from Toulon, France. The rocket took off at high acceleration, exploding after 1.2 seconds..

1945 July 6 - . Launch Site: Toulon. LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Engine cut-off after 7.5 seconds instead of 13 seconds planned..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Launched from Toulon, France. Most successful launch attempt. Not recovered, but estimated to have reached 1400 m/s and to have impacted in the ocean 60 km downrange..

1945 July 18 - . Launch Site: Toulon. LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Failed to generate sufficient thrust for lift-off..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    Launched from Toulon, France. The pad was damaged, requiring substantial repairs. The source of the rocket's problem is finally found to be burn-through and loss of a portion of the inner wall of the combustion chamber, which blocked the nozzle exit. Ironically the last EA-1941 is ground run for full duration in the summer of 1946 without incident. However plans to develop it further as a sounding rocket are abandoned.


1945 July 18 - . Launch Site: Toulon. LV Family: EA 1941. Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Failed to generate sufficient thrust for lift-off..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Launched from Toulon, France..

1946 March 6 - .
  • Birth of Patrick Pierre Roger Baudry - . Nation: Cameroon, France. Related Persons: Baudry. French pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. Transferred to NASA Payload Specialist. Flight on STS-18, 1985. French Air Force Transferred to NASA as a Payload Specialist..

1946 October 15 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • EA 1946 development authorised - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The improved version of the EA 1941 is dubbed Eole and will use a fuel-cooled combustion chamber walls..

1947 April 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira.
  • Colomb Bechar rocket test range established. - . Nation: France. French Government established rocket test range at Colomb Bechar, Algeria..

1948 May 19 - .
  • Birth of Jean-Pierre Haignere - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Haignere. French test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Altair, Mir EO-27. Was married to astronaut Claudie Andre-Deshays..

1949 February 4 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole engine bench tests begin - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The engine runs for 13.5 seconds, 4.5 seconds early, due to heavier-than-expected liquid oxygen consumption..

1949 April 13 - .
  • Birth of Dr Jean-Jacques Favier - . Nation: France, Germany. Related Persons: Favier. French materials scientist cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78..

1949 September 30 - .
  • Birth of Michel Ange-Charles Tognini - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Tognini. French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Antares, STS-93. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs..

1950 January 6 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole engine explodes - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The engine begins oscillatory combustion at 20 seconds and explodes violently at 34 seconds. The explosion is visible 40 km from the LRBA test site at Vernon..

1950 August 2 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1950 August 4 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1950 September 12 - .
  • Death of Rudolf Hackh - . Nation: France, Germany. Related Persons: Hackh. German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1951 April 1 - . Launch Site: Vernon. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1951 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Michel Yves Viso - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Viso. French biologist payload specialist astronaut, cosmonaut, 1985-1998. Doctorate of veterinary medicine from " l'Ecole Veterinaire de Maison-Alfort ", 1975. Worked for CNES in Paris, in coordination of spaceflight activities..

1951 September 25 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole successful engine test - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The liquid oxygen/alcohol engine produces 9.59 tonnes thrust and an exhaust velocity of 2110 m/s..

1951 October 2 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1951 October 5 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1951 October 6 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1952 January 25 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 26 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 30 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 May 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1952 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1952 September 30 - . LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole program terminated - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The Veronique developed by the LRBA German team has been more successful and the French military sees no use for rockets using liquid oxygen on the battlefield..

1952 November 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1952 November 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1952 November 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole. FAILURE: Failed after seven seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    Weeks of delays due to problems with getting liquid oxygen to the remote test site have delayed Barre's entry in the fly-off against the Veronique. The first Eole broke up after 7 seconds of flight, a failure attributed to tracer flares fitted to the fins.


1952 November 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Eole. Launch Vehicle: Eole. FAILURE: Failed after 25 seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 2.95 km (1.83 mi). The tracers used on the last flight were omitted. This rocket again loses its fins, but continued to an altitude of 2.95 km. It is determined that the fins were not able to withstand going through the sound barrier..

1953 April 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1953 April 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1954 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1954 February 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1954 May 7 - .
  • Dien Bien Phu, French military outpost in Vietnam, falls to Vietminh army - . Nation: France.

1954 October 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1954 October 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1955 February 25 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Campaign 1 to Mar 7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 April 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Campaign 2 to Apr 19 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 June 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Campaign 3 to Jun 11 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 October 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Campaign 4 to Oct 11 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 January 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Campaign 5 to Feb 2 Test / release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 May 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1956 May 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Campaign 6 to jun 13 test - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 January 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 April 28 - .
  • Birth of Leopold Eyharts - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Eyharts. French test pilot cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Pegase, ISS EO-16-2..

1957 May 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 May 13 - .
  • Birth of Claudie nee Andre-Deshays Haignere - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Andre-Deshays. French biologist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Cassiopee, ISS EP-2. Biologist, first French female astronaut. Was married to astronaut Jean-PIerre Haignere..

1957 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 May 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 6 - .
  • Death of Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Peltrie - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Pelterie. French engineer. Pioneering spaceflight theoretician. French rocketry and spaceflight pioneer. A leading advocate of space travel, his speeches and writings created only limited enthusiasm for rocketry in France prior to WW2..

1957 December 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 April 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 June 24 - .
  • Birth of Frederic Patat - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Patat. French physician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1998. Degree in Acoustic Physics from the University of Paris (1981). Ph.D. in engineering (1984). Doctorate of medicine, 1991. Worked at the medical faculty of the University of Tours..

1958 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Benoit M Silve - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Silve. French engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Pilot, French Navy Selected for French astronaut team..

1958 November 19 - .
  • Birth of Jean-Francois Andre Clervoy - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Clervoy. French engineer cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-84, STS-103..

1959 January 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 January 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 January 27 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Daniel.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1959 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1959 March 10 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1959 March 12 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1959 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 February 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1960 March 2 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1960 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Date may be 19 May - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1960 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1960 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 26 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares Test Vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Antares.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares Test Vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Antares.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Vega Statoreacteur.
  • Ramjet - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 February 11 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1961 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1961 February 15 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1961 February 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Life Science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi). French Veronique launched capsule containing rat (Hector) to 152 km altitude, recovered successfully..

1961 March 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares Test Vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Antares.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares Test Vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Antares.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares Test Vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Antares.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1961 March 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 March 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Antares Test Vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Antares.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1961 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 June 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 June 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 October 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Daniel.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 October 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Daniel.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 November 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 November 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 December 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 March 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 May 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 May 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 May 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 4 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 Q3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 October 15 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1962 October 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 23 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Diffuse solar radiation mission..

1962 October 29 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 November 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 November 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 27 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 December 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: MD-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: MD-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1962 December 8 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 9 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 January 6 - .
  • Birth of Philippe Perrin - . Nation: France, Morocco. Related Persons: Perrin. French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-111. CNES..

1963 January 22 - .
  • Birth of Jean-Marc Michel Daniel Gasparini - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Gasparini. French engineer astronaut, 1990-1998. Graduated from Polytechnic School, 1985 Combat and test pilot, French Air Force. Chief test pilot at Bretigny Flight Test Center ..

1963 February 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1963 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10A Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 March 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1963 April 20 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1963 April 23 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 April 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1963 May 1 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 May 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Radioactivity Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Coronagraph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). No recovery. Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1963 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 15 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • MPE Ba-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 May 21 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • MPE Ba-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1963 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: MD-01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 25 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Sodium cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1963 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: MD-01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 June 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1963 June 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 October 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Emma. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1963 October 18 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 October 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1963 October 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1963 November 19 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1963 November 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 December 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 February 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1964 February 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 14 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • MPE Ba-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 15 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • MPE Ba-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 April 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-104B Probe / Na Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1964 April 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 April 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-104B Probe / Na Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 425 km (264 mi).

1964 April 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 April 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 April 20 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 April 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LEX-01 test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1964 May 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 June 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 June 12 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1964 June 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 June 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 July 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: MNF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-125 ionosphere / particles Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1964 August 7 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-125 ionosphere / particles Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 October 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 October 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10A Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 November 4 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1964 November 4 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1964 November 8 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrum / CU point Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi). FU111 UV Solar Astronomy / Ptr mission..

1964 November 10 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 November 27 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • MPE Ba-9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 November 30 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • MPE Ba-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 December 3 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-103B MPE Ba-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi).

1964 December 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 December 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 December 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1965 February 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 March 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • SINTRA pointing Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61.
  • FU-144 Lyra alpha Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). FU144 Atomic H (Ly-alpha) mission..

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 01/D-1 Test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,020 km (1,250 mi). Carried a D-1 satellite test experiment, a magnetosphere sensor, and a Meudon radioastronomy experiment with a 36m dipole observing at 1.8 and 2.4 MHz.

1965 June 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Tacite. Launch Vehicle: Tacite.
  • Infrared Horizon Study Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1965 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Cs Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 July 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 July 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 August 24 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1965 September 3 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 451 km (280 mi).

1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 02 Radio astronomy / particles mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,760 km (1,090 mi).

1965 October 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Vesta. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
  • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 October 22 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-115 Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). FU115 Electron density mission..

1965 October 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 October 25 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Vesta. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
  • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 October 28 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-115 electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). FU115 Electron density mission..

1965 November 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Essai 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • MPE Ba-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 November 19 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • MPE Ba-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • MPE Ba-16? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi).

1965 November 26 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A.
  • Asterix 1 - . Payload: A 1. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Asterix. Spacecraft: Asterix. USAF Sat Cat: 1778 . COSPAR: 1965-096A. Apogee: 1,697 km (1,054 mi). Perigee: 527 km (327 mi). Inclination: 34.3000 deg. Period: 107.50 min. First French satellite. French scientific satellite 'A-I'. Launched from Hammaguir (Algeria) in rder to test the 'Diamant' launching vehicle for the first time..

1965 December 6 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4.
  • FRANCE 1 - . Payload: FR 1. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FRANCE satellite. Spacecraft: FRANCE satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 1814 . COSPAR: 1965-101A. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 696 km (432 mi). Inclination: 75.9000 deg. Period: 98.80 min.

    VLF wave propagation studies. Investigation of the properties of the ionized layers of the atmosphere by observation of the propagation of the properties of very low frequency waves in the ionosphere. First registered by the United States in A/AC.105/INF.125. Orbit given there was 99 .9 min, 749 x 753 km x 75.9 deg, with note: France provided the payload for 1965-101A.


1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Titus test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 January 17 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1966 January 21 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-133 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 February 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 February 17 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A.
  • Diapason - . Payload: D-1A. Mass: 19 kg (41 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D. USAF Sat Cat: 2016 . COSPAR: 1966-013A. Apogee: 2,484 km (1,543 mi). Perigee: 502 km (311 mi). Inclination: 34.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Scientific satellite 'D-I' launched from Hammaguir (Algeria)..

1966 March 3 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 March 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-155 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 4 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-145 ACS test / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). FU145 Technology (Attitude control) mission..

1966 April 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 6 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-126 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). FU126 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1966 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 03 / MPE Ba-17 Plasma / ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,035 km (1,264 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy / chemical / lyra-alpha spectrometry mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1966 May 12 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi).

1966 May 23 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 May 26 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 1 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-153 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1966 June 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 13 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-131 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 October 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-145 ionosphere Magnetosphere / ionosphere / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). FU145 Technology + Ionosphere / Stab mission..

1966 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • FU-109 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 October 17 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-165 Ions / Electric Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi).

1966 October 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus.
  • FU-150 A Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus.
  • FU-150 B Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 18 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-158 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). FU158 Technology (recovery) mission..

1966 November 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Coralie. Launch Vehicle: Cora. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 December 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-149 ionosphere / mass spectrometer Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). FU149 Ion Density, mass spectrometry mission..

1966 December 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 December 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Coralie. Launch Vehicle: Cora.
  • Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi). Only completely successful test..

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO Test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 January 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61.
  • FU-161 Astronomy X-ray astronomy / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). FU161 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 January 13 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-160 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi). FU160 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1967 January 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61.
  • FU-145B astronomy Test / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi). FU145b X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 January 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 January 25 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-145B ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1967 January 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 January 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1967 January 29 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1967 January 29 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1967 February 8 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. FAILURE: Partial Failure - injected into too low an orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Diademe 1 - . Payload: Diademe D-1C. Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Diadem. Spacecraft: Diadem. USAF Sat Cat: 2674 . COSPAR: 1967-011A. Apogee: 1,084 km (673 mi). Perigee: 545 km (338 mi). Inclination: 40.0000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Orbit too low. Launch time of Diadem I was 10:39:40 on 8 Feb 1967. Launch time of Diadem II was 11:06:57 on 15 Feb 1967..

1967 February 15 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A.
  • Diademe 2 - . Payload: Diademe D-1D. Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Diadem. Spacecraft: Diadem. USAF Sat Cat: 2680 . COSPAR: 1967-014A. Apogee: 1,733 km (1,076 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 39.4000 deg. Period: 108.50 min. Launch time of Diadem I was 10:39:40 on 8 Feb 1967. Launch time of Diadem II was 11:06:57 on 15 Feb 1967. .

1967 February 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61.
  • FU-176 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). FU176 Technology (recovery) mission..

1967 March 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 March 7 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Vesta. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
  • FU-147 Biological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1967 March 13 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Vesta. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
  • FU-147 Biological (Macaca) Biological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1967 March 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-174 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). FU174 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1967 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-163 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 March 24 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-156 ionosphere / biology Ionosphere / plasma / biology mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). FU156 Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1967 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C145 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-156 ionosphere / biology Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). FU156 Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1967 April 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 April 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-178 PUV-3 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi). FU178 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 April 19 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 May 8 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1967 May 9 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1967 May 11 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1967 June 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-179 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 04 Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,560 km (960 mi). Radio-astronomy experiment; measured the MHz range radio background.

1967 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: AN, CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 October 10 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: AN, CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Coralie. Launch Vehicle: Cora. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex.
  • SECT Meteo Meteorological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Lex. Launch Vehicle: Lex.
  • SECT Meteorological Meteorological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1967 November 7 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 November 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Tacite. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-169 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • A2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • B2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • B1 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • A1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-172 Solar Helium Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Aurore. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 March 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Epona.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-168 A-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1968 March 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 March 15 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1968 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1968 March 27 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-168 B-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 April 1 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi).

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-184 Sea recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). FU184 Technology (sea recovery) mission..

1968 May 15 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Tacite. Launch Vehicle: Tacite.
  • Earth infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-188 Technology test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 562 km (349 mi).

1968 July 25 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-185 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi). No recovery. FU185 Technology + X-ray astronomy / Stab mission..

1968 July 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 September 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-181 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1968 October 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 October 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Tacite. Launch Vehicle: Tacite.
  • Sun pointing test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 November 3 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1968 November 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V1 Vecteur operational test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 December 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-159 PERSEE? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi). No recovery. FU159 UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1968 December 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 December 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-159 Crab Nebula X-rays Ultraviolet astronomy / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi). No recovery. FU159 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 7 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi).

1969 February 20 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. FAILURE: Failure, premature fairing jettison..
  • FU-170 CIRCE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi). FU170 CIRCE, Mass spectrometry mission..

1969 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Grannos.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 March 6 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-172 Solar EUV 1 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi).

1969 April 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-181B test flight test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1969 April 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-190 E field / Barium release Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1969 April 19 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-187 test, A cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1969 April 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-188 Technology test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi).

1969 May 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 May 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C81 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C82 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1969 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1969 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-187 test, B cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1969 September 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III.
  • CRAPEL/ELECTRE re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 October 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 November 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Vesta. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
  • FU-189 Star pt test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi).

1969 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 February 3 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 March 10 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B.
  • Dial MIKA - . Payload: DIAL Mini Kapsel/P068. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: France. Agency: BMW, CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Dial MIKA. Spacecraft: Dial MIKA. Decay Date: 1974-09-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 4345 . COSPAR: 1970-017B. Apogee: 1,638 km (1,017 mi). Perigee: 310 km (190 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg. Period: 104.56 min. Engineering package; monitored launch vehicle performance. .

1970 April 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 May 6 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • Electron density Test / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1970 June 11 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C1 Charge (RV) - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 September 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 October 6 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • EIDI-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 October 22 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • EIDI-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 November 6 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier.
  • FU-191 Range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1970 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 December 12 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B.
  • Peole - . Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Peole. Spacecraft: Peole. Decay Date: 1980-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4801 . COSPAR: 1970-109A. Apogee: 750 km (460 mi). Perigee: 634 km (393 mi). Inclination: 15.0000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Gathered data from meteorological balloon system. .

1971 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C8 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C7 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 February 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1971 April 15 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B.
  • Tournesol - . Payload: D-2A. Mass: 96 kg (211 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1980-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 5128 . COSPAR: 1971-030A. Apogee: 696 km (432 mi). Perigee: 457 km (283 mi). Inclination: 46.3000 deg. Period: 96.20 min.

1971 April 26 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • INTA C-7101 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1971 May 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-203 recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • INTA C-7102 Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 May 27 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • INTA C-7103 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1971 May 27 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • INTA C-7104 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 May 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 June 8 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • GESAIR Biological/Geophysics mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). FU194 GESAIR, Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1971 June 12 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • GESAIR Biological/Geophysics mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). FU194 GESAIR, Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1971 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 August 16 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1.
  • Eole 1 - . Mass: 84 kg (185 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eole satellite. Spacecraft: Eole satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5435 . COSPAR: 1971-071A. Apogee: 836 km (519 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 50.2000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Experimental weather satellite; received meteorological data from balloon network. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1971 September 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C133 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 September 14 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • PHARE (FU-196) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 September 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C132 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 September 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C146 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • ATLAS / CM16 / Gemini Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1971 December 5 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • D-2A Polaire - . Payload: D-2A Polaire. Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D.

1971 December 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 December 16 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-208 CISASPE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). FU208 CISASPE, Ionosphere (active sounding) mission..

1971 December 27 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Oreol - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 1. Mass: 630 kg (1,380 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS-U2-GKA. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 5729 . COSPAR: 1971-119A. Apogee: 1,779 km (1,105 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 106.90 min. Upper atmosphere, auroral studies. Investigation of physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of auroras. .

1972? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S612. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1972 April 4 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • SRET 1 - . Payload: MAS/SRET 1. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SRET. Spacecraft: SRET. Decay Date: 1974-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 5928 . COSPAR: 1972-025B. Apogee: 39,250 km (24,380 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 65.6000 deg. Period: 704.70 min. Test satellite. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1972 October 3 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-13 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1972 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-201 LPSP-EUV2 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 November 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-15 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 December 7 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-205 JANUS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-206 Protons / electrons Ionosphere / geocorona mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1973? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S610. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C 2601 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 17 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-211 EIDI-3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1973 March 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C 2602 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 March 21 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-16 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 March 28 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-17 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 April 4 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-18 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 April 17 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-200 Solar ultraviolet Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). FU200 3SUV, UV solar astronomy / Ptr mission..

1973 April 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-19 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 May 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-20 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 May 21 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. FAILURE: Failure - fairing did not jettison.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Castor (D 5A) - . Payload: D 5A. Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1972-05-21 . COSPAR: F730521A.

1973 May 30 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-21 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 June 7 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-22 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 July - . LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1.
  • Development of Ariane 1 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. Development took eight years, and cost 2 billion 1986 ECU's..

1973 July 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 September 10 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-23 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 September 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-24 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 20 - . 13:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1973 September 20 - . 13:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 20 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 03:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 03:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 24 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 24 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 04:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 October 10 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-25 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 October 31 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-40 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-201 (Solar EUV 2) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1973 November 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-41 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 December 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-42 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 December 26 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Oreol 2 - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 2. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS-U2-GKA. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1974-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 7003 . COSPAR: 1973-107A. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Continued investigations in the earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of polar aurorae begun on board the Oreol satellite in 1971..

1974 January 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-45 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 January 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 4 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-46 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-47 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-43B EOLE-ISENTROPE No. 2 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 25 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-44B - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-48 EOLE-ISENTROPE No. 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 March 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-49 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 March 21 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Temp. Profile - . Nation: France. Agency: WFC. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 March 27 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-50 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 April 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-51 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 May 2 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-52 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 May 15 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-53 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 May 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-54 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 4 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-55 EOLE-ISENTROPE No. 4 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 September 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-56 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 September 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-57 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 October 2 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-58 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 October 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-59 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 October 30 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-60 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 November 5 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FAUST FU-214 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 November 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-61 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 November 19 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FAUST FU-215 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 November 27 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-62 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 November 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-63 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 December 4 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-64 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 December 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-65 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 December 19 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Symphonie 1 - . Payload: Symphonie MV1. Mass: 221 kg (487 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DFVLR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Symphonie. Spacecraft: Symphonie. Completed Operations Date: 1983-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7578 . COSPAR: 1974-101A. Apogee: 35,893 km (22,302 mi). Perigee: 35,853 km (22,277 mi). Inclination: 14.9000 deg. Period: 1,440.50 min.

    Experimental commsat. Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.305) and France (A/AC.105/INF.306). Symphonie flying model no. 1, constructed jointly by France and the Federal Republic of Germany. Description: Experimental teleco mmunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1977; over the Indian Ocean 49 deg E in 1977-1983 As of 25 August 2001 located at 179.98 deg E drifting at 1.086 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 72.77E drifting at 1.184W degrees per day.


1975 January 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-66 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 January 26 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • ARAKS Northward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 January 30 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-67 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 February 6 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant BP.4.
  • Starlette - . Payload: Starlette (BETA). Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Starlette. Spacecraft: Starlette. USAF Sat Cat: 7646 . COSPAR: 1975-010A. Apogee: 1,108 km (688 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 49.8000 deg. Period: 104.20 min. Geodesic satellite. .

1975 February 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-69 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 February 15 - . 01:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • ARAKS Eastward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 February 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-70 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 March 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-71 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 March 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-72 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 April 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-73 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 April 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-74 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 May 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-75 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 May 17 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant BP.4.
  • Pollux - . Payload: D-5A. Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1975-08-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7801 . COSPAR: 1975-039A. Apogee: 1,256 km (780 mi). Perigee: 299 km (185 mi). Inclination: 30.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

    D5A: Weight 36 kg. Testing in space of a hydrazine catalytic decomposition micropropulsion unit. Responsible organization: Societe Europeene de Propulsion. D5B: Weight 76 kg. Testing in space of the CACTUS accelerometer (ultrasensitive triaxial capacitive accelerometric sensor). Responsible organization: ONERA, Chatillon-sous-Berneux, France.

  • Castor - . Payload: D-5B. Mass: 77 kg (169 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1979-02-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7802 . COSPAR: 1975-039B. Apogee: 1,275 km (792 mi). Perigee: 277 km (172 mi). Inclination: 29.9000 deg. Period: 100.30 min.

    D5A: Weight 36 kg. Testing in space of a hydrazine catalytic decomposition micropropulsion unit. Responsible organization: Societe Europeene de Propulsion. D5B: Weight 76 kg. Testing in space of the CACTUS accelerometer (ultrasensitive triaxial capacitive accelerometric sensor). Responsible organization: ONERA, Chatillon-sous-Berneux, France.


1975 May 28 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-77 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 May 31 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FAUST Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). FU216 FAUST, UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1975 June 5 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • SRET 2 - . Payload: SRET 2 (MAS 2). Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SRET. Spacecraft: SRET. Decay Date: 1988-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 7910 . COSPAR: 1975-049B. Apogee: 40,825 km (25,367 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 737.80 min.

    SRET 2 technological research and study satellite. Launched from Soviet Union with a Soviet launch vehicle with the Molniya satellite. Mass 30 kg. Study of the behaviour of a passive cryogenic radiation system, study of the aging of thermal casings and pl astic films.


1975 June 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-78 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 June 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-79 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 August 27 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Symphonie 2 - . Payload: Symphonie MV2. Mass: 398 kg (877 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DFVLR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 100. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. Completed Operations Date: 1985-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 8132 . COSPAR: 1975-077A. Apogee: 35,873 km (22,290 mi). Perigee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Inclination: 12.7000 deg. Period: 1,440.40 min.

    Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.329) and France (A/AC.105/INF.330). Symphonie flying model no II. Experimental telecommunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Also registered by the United Stat es in A/AC.105/INF.331 as 1975-77A, category C, with orbit 1427.4 min, 35364 x 35870 km x 0.0 deg Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1985 As of 1 September 2001 located at 164.06 deg W drifting at 1.071 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 167.97E drifting at 1.046W degrees per day.


1975 September 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-80 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 September 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-81 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 September 27 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant BP.4.
  • Aura - . Payload: D-2. Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1982-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 8332 . COSPAR: 1975-092A. Apogee: 697 km (433 mi). Perigee: 476 km (295 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 96.50 min.

    Solar UV radiation experiments. Study of solar and stellar ultraviolet radiation. 1. Spectral analysis of small and large sources located close to the plane of the ecliptic. Responsible organization: Laboratoire d'Astronomie Spatiale, Traverse du Siphon, 13000- Marseille (France). 2. St udy of solar ultraviolet radiation and its absorption by the earth's atmosphere. Responsible organization: Laboratoire de Physique Stellaire et Planetaire, Meudon, France. Weight 106.6 kg.


1975 September 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-82 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 October 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-83 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1975 December 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-84 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-85 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-86 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 February 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-87 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 March 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-88 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-89 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 April 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1976 April 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-90 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 April 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-91 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 May 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-92 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 June 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 June 2 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-93 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 June 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-94 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 September 15 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-95 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 September 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-96 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 October 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-97 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-100 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 December 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 April 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 4 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ISRO CO.40 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 17 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Signe 3 - . Mass: 102 kg (224 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Signe. Spacecraft: Signe. Decay Date: 1979-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 10064 . COSPAR: 1977-049A. Apogee: 522 km (324 mi). Perigee: 449 km (278 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. This marked the first time the Kapustin Yar cosmodrome was opened to capitalist countries. 20 French specialists worked on the satellite..

1977 June 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 17 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 12 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 December 16 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 February 21 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ISRO CO.47 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 February 27 - .
  • Birth of Thomas Pesquet - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Pesquet. French engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on..

1978 April 5 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 June 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 November 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1978 December 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 20 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ISRO C.51 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1978 December 21 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ISRO CO.52 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 March 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 June 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 July 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Qualification test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 November 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • Eclipse D1 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • Eclipse D2 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • Eclipse Ba / Li Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 17 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • Eclipse D3 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 18 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • O3 Photometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1980 March 1 - .
  • Laques & Lechaceux's Discovery of Saturn Moon Helene - . Nation: France.

1980 May 23 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1. FAILURE: Stage 1 combustion instability.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Firewheel - . Payload: Feuerrad. Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Firewheel. Spacecraft: Firewheel. Decay Date: 1980-05-23 .

1980 June 12 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Baudry. French astronaut trained for a flight to the Salyut space station..

1980 July - . LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2/3.
  • Development of Ariane 2/3 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. The upgrade to the Ariane 1 had a total cost of 144 million 1986 ECU's..

1980 November 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1980 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 February 4 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 February 12 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1981 June 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 September 21 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Oreol 3 - . Payload: AUOS-Z M-A-IK s/n 401. Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: AUOS. USAF Sat Cat: 12848 . COSPAR: 1981-094A. Apogee: 1,672 km (1,038 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 105.80 min.

    Carried Soviet/French magnetosphere and ionosphere experiments. Investigation of physical processes in the earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere, and study of the nature of polar aurorae. Carried scientific equipment developed by Soviet and French specialists under the joint Soviet-French project 'Arkad-3'.


1982 January - . LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 4.
  • Development of Ariane 4 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. The objective of was an increase in payload of 90%. Total development cost 476 million 1986 ECU's..

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 January 30 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 May 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

1983 June 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1983 October 4 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 November 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 - . LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Preliminary design of all-new replacement of Ariane 4 launch vehicle begins. - . Nation: France.

1984 February 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 August 4 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • Telecom 1A - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1992-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 15159 . COSPAR: 1984-081B. Apogee: 36,459 km (22,654 mi). Perigee: 36,179 km (22,480 mi). Inclination: 8.5000 deg. Period: 1,463.40 min.

    Stationed at 8 deg W. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 8 deg W in 1984-1992 As of 4 September 2001 located at 142.83 deg W drifting at 6.735 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 11.08W drifting at 6.728W degrees per day.


1985 May 8 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • Telecom 1B - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1988-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15678 . COSPAR: 1985-035B. Apogee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg. Period: 1,435.50 min.

    Stationed at 5 deg W; business communications. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1985-1988 As of 3 September 2001 located at 4.82 deg E drifting at 0.111 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 86.72E drifting at 0.424E degrees per day.


1985 September 9 - .
  • CNES Astronaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Andre-Deshays, Haignere. French astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1985 September 9 - .
  • CNES Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Viso. French astronaut sent to Russia for cosmonaut training..

1985 September 12 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. FAILURE: Geosynchronous orbit injection failure. Third stage igniter cartridge failure was determined to be the most likely cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1986 February 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 February 22 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1.
  • SPOT 1 - . Payload: Spot 1 / Viking. Mass: 1,830 kg (4,030 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SPOT-1-2-3. Spacecraft: SPOT-1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16613 . COSPAR: 1986-019A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 824 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Remote sensing satellite. Registration 1986-1.B.

1986 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: SNLE. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Long range test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • D-region ionization comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 June 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 - . LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Full scale development of Ariane 5 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. The Ariane 5 was a completely new design, with a single-engine Lox/LH2 core stage flanked by two solid rocket boosters. Full scale development cost $ 8 billion..

1988 March 11 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • Telecom 1C - . Mass: 1,210 kg (2,660 lb). Nation: France. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. Completed Operations Date: 1996-03-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 18952 . COSPAR: 1988-018B. Apogee: 36,860 km (22,900 mi). Perigee: 36,037 km (22,392 mi). Inclination: 5.5000 deg. Period: 1,470.10 min.

    French domestic communications; 5 deg E. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1988-1992; 3 deg E in 1992-1996 As of 5 September 2001 located at 109.19 deg W drifting at 8.404 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 34.65E drifting at 8.341W degrees per day.


1988 October 28 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2.
  • TDF-1 - . Payload: TDF 1. Mass: 2,136 kg (4,709 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: TDF. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 300. Spacecraft: Spacebus 300. Completed Operations Date: 1996-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 19621 . COSPAR: 1988-098A. Apogee: 36,129 km (22,449 mi). Perigee: 36,051 km (22,401 mi). Inclination: 4.8000 deg. Period: 1,451.60 min.

    French DBS; 19 deg W. Direct broadcasting satellite. French registration: TDF-1, 1988-5-B. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg W in 1988-1996 As of 1 September 2001 located at 139.53 deg W drifting at 3.885 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 5 located at 16.35W drifting at 3.870W degrees per day.


1988 November 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hades. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hades. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Tir d'exercice - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1989 May 31 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Site CE test - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • SPOT 2 - . Mass: 1,870 kg (4,120 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SPOT-1-2-3. Spacecraft: SPOT-1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20436 . COSPAR: 1990-005A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 825 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Remote sensing. Earth observation satellite. Registration 1990-1-B..

1990 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 July 24 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • TDF 2 - . Mass: 2,096 kg (4,620 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: TDF. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 300. Spacecraft: Spacebus 300. Completed Operations Date: 1999-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 20705 . COSPAR: 1990-063A. Apogee: 36,435 km (22,639 mi). Perigee: 36,085 km (22,422 mi). Inclination: 3.1000 deg. Period: 1,460.40 min.

    French DBS; 19 deg W. Direct broadcasting satellite. Registration 1990-2-B. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg W in 1990-1997; 36 deg E in 1997-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 62.59 deg E drifting at 6.006 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 98.15W drifting at 5.991W degrees per day.


1990 August 1 - .
  • CNES Astronaut Training Group 2 selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Eyharts, Gasparini. French astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1990 October 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 June 3 - .
  • France agrees to sign 1968 treaty banning spread of atomic weapons - . Nation: France.

1991 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 July 17 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • SARA - . Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: France. Agency: ESIEESPA. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SARA. Spacecraft: SARA. USAF Sat Cat: 21578 . COSPAR: 1991-050E. Apogee: 764 km (474 mi). Perigee: 756 km (469 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Satellite built by the ESIEES school in Paris to observe radio emissions from Jupiter..

1991 December 16 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Telecom 2A - . Mass: 2,275 kg (5,015 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 21813 . COSPAR: 1991-084A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    French communications; 3 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 3 deg E in 1992; 8 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 8.05 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 111.59E drifting at 4.763W degrees per day.


1992 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hades. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1992 April 15 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Telecom 2B - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 21939 . COSPAR: 1992-021A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 3 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 24.98 deg E drifting at 0.634 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 77.10W drifting at 2.683W degrees per day..

1992 August 10 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P.
  • Topex/Poseidon - . Mass: 2,402 kg (5,295 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, JPL. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Topex/Poseidon. Spacecraft: Topex/Poseidon. USAF Sat Cat: 22076 . COSPAR: 1992-052A. Apogee: 1,344 km (835 mi). Perigee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 112.40 min. Ocean sensing, mapping. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..
  • S80/T - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 22078 . COSPAR: 1992-052C. Apogee: 1,322 km (821 mi). Perigee: 1,308 km (812 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 111.90 min.

    An industrial research microsatellite built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) for Matra and CNES to carry out 'Little LEO' communications service experiments. Still operational in 2000. S80/T was designed to investigate the technical feasibility of using a constellation of small satellites placed in near-Earth orbit to provide global communications and position location using only hand-held terminals. S80/T was the first fully commercial application of the SSTL multi-mission, modular microsatellite platform developed at the University of Surrey. The same basic platform was also used for the Korean KITSAT-A microsatellite, which accompanied S80/T into orbit on the same launch. The S80/T mission was completed, from concept to launch, within one year and SSTL delivered the platform, associated groundstation equipment and would be providing operations support during the mission within a contract of less than £1M.


1992 December 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • VERT (POIVRE) Test / imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 May 12 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42L.
  • Oscar 29 - . Payload: Arsene. Mass: 154 kg (339 lb). Nation: France. Agency: RACE. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 22654 . COSPAR: 1993-031B. Apogee: 36,582 km (22,730 mi). Perigee: 17,469 km (10,854 mi). Inclination: 5.3000 deg. Period: 1,012.60 min. Operated by Radio Amateur Club de LeSpace..

1993 July 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • BLANC Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 September 26 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • SPOT 3 - . Payload: Spot 3. Mass: 1,907 kg (4,204 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SPOT-1-2-3. Spacecraft: SPOT-1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22823 . COSPAR: 1993-061A. Apogee: 823 km (511 mi). Perigee: 821 km (510 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Remote sensing..
  • Stella - . Payload: Stella. Mass: 48 kg (105 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: STELLA. Spacecraft: STELLA. USAF Sat Cat: 22824 . COSPAR: 1993-061B. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi). Perigee: 797 km (495 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Laser reflectors..

1993 November 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • NOIR Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1995 July 7 - . 16:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • Helios 1A - . Mass: 2,537 kg (5,593 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DGA. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Helios reconnsat. Spacecraft: Helios 1A-1B. USAF Sat Cat: 23605 . COSPAR: 1995-033A. Apogee: 682 km (423 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.
  • CERISE - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DGA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 23606 . COSPAR: 1995-033B. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi). Perigee: 666 km (413 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.

    Caracterisation de l'Environnement Radioelectrique par un Instrument Spatiale Embarque; examined Earth RF environment. Customer: Alcatel Espace/DME. French government research payload incorporated into an advance microsatellite platform. Still operational as of 2000.


1995 September 5 - .
  • France explodes nuclear device in Pacific; wide protests ensue - . Nation: France.

1995 December 6 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Telecom 2C - . Mass: 2,283 kg (5,033 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 23730 . COSPAR: 1995-067A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 1.1 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 3 deg E in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 5.05 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 3.02E drifting at 0.001E degrees per day..

1996 January 29 - .
  • France announces end to nuclear tests - . Nation: France.

1996 August 8 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Telecom 2D - . Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 24209 . COSPAR: 1996-044B. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 3 deg E in 1996; 5 deg W in 1996-2000; 8 deg W in 2000.- As of 5 September 2001 located at 7.90 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 7.85W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

1996 September 19 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1996 November 21 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA.
  • Hot Bird 2 - . Payload: Eurostar 2000+. Mass: 2,900 kg (6,300 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 24665 . COSPAR: 1996-067A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Geostationary at 13.0E. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with IFR/MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1997-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 12.95 deg E drifting at 0.024 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 4 located at 13.07E drifting at 0.011E degrees per day.


1998 March 24 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • SPOT 4 - . Mass: 2,755 kg (6,073 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SPOT-4. Spacecraft: SPOT-4. USAF Sat Cat: 25260 . COSPAR: 1998-017A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 824 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min.

    Developed by Matra Marconi Space/Toulouse for CNES, the satellite provided 10-m resolution images with a wide field of view. SPOT 4 also carried a wide field 'vegetation' imager and a laser communications experiment. Launch was by an Arianespace Ariane 40 rocket, the base Ariane 4 model with no strap-on boosters. The liquid hydrogen fuelled third stage of the Ariane 40 entered an 800 km sun-synchronous orbit together with SPOT 4.


1998 October 9 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. Launch Pad: SLC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA.
  • Hot Bird 5 - . Payload: Eurostar 2000+. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Eutelsat . Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 25495 . COSPAR: 1998-057A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Geostationary at 10.0 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 12.97 deg E drifting at 0.010 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 25.56E drifting at 0.014W degrees per day..

1998 October 21 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Maqsat 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MAQSAT. Spacecraft: MAQSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 25503 . COSPAR: 1998-059A. Apogee: 35,491 km (22,053 mi). Perigee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 641.20 min.

    Maqsat 3 was an instrumentation package used to monitor performance of the Ariane 5 booster. At T+12:43 the Speltra adapter cover separated revealing Maqsat-3. At T+15:14 the EPS stage Aestus engine ignited and burned until T+31:00. At this point on a normal mission the satellite would separate from the EPS, but to avoid creating space debris Maqsat remained attached to the EPS. The EPS/Maqsat-3 was placed in a 1027 km x 35863 km x 7.0 degree geostationary transfer orbit.

  • ARD - . Payload: Atmospheric Reentry Demonstrator. Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: ISS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ARD. Spacecraft: ARD. COSPAR: 1998-059S.

    The ARD was an 80 percent scale model of the Apollo Command Module, and a technology test for a possible International Space Station Crew Rescue Vehicle. Equipment included a TDRS satellite communications system; a GPS navigation system; 7 DASA 40 kgf hydrazine attitude control thrusters; a 2.8 m diameter heat shield; three 23 metre diameter parachutes, and a SARSAT recovery beacon. The ARD separated from the Ariane EPS upper stage at 12 minutes 2 seconds after launch. ARD and the EPC stage manoeuvred into a 1 km x 830 km orbit, guaranteeing re-entry at the end of the first orbit. The spacecraft splashed down in the Pacific at 3.69 degrees N, 153.35 degrees W, and was successfully recovered by the French Navy.


1998 October 25 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Spoutnik-41 - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF, VVS. Manufacturer: AFR. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: PS Model. Spacecraft: PS Model. Decay Date: 1999-01-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 25533 . COSPAR: 1998-062C. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 313 km (194 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg.

    On a space walk from Mir on November 10, Padalka and Avdeyev hand-launched the Spoutnik-41 amateur-radio mini-satellite at around 19:30 GMT. Spoutnik-41, also designated RS-18, was another scale model of the first satellite, Sputnik 1, launched 41 years ago. It carried a small transmitter and was sponsored by Aero Club de France, AMSAT-France, and the Astronautical Federation of Russia. A similar model was launched in 1997 for the fortieth anniversary of Sputnik. On that occasion, two flight models were carried to Mir but only one was launched. The second Spoutnik-40 flight model was still aboard Mir as of 1998. The second Spoutnik-40 would perhaps be deployed prior to the abandonment of Mir in 1999.


1998 October 28 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Afristar - . Payload: Eurostar 2000+. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Worldspace. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: WorldSpace. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 2000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 25515 . COSPAR: 1998-063A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Afristar was the first WorldSpace satellite. Afristar was to broadcast digital radio over Africa and the Middle East. Small hand-held radios could pick up the 24 to 96 radio channels available on the three L-band beams. Dry mass of Afristar was 1205 kg; it carried 1534 kg of propellant at launch. Geostationary at 21.0 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 21 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 20.98 deg E drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 20.98E drifting at 0.010W degrees per day.


1999 January 2 - .
  • Death of Karl-Heinz Bringer - . Nation: France, Germany. Related Persons: Bringer. German engineer. Developer of the Viking engine and propulsion leader of the German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1999 April 2 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Sputnik-99 - . Nation: France. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: OSCAR. Decay Date: 1999-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 25685 . COSPAR: 1999-015C. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Subscale amateur radio model of Sputnik 1. Reentered July 29..

1999 May 4 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S617. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N, Longitude:4.50 W..

1999 May 4 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N, Longitude:4.50 W..

1999 December 3 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • Helios 1B - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Helios reconnsat. Spacecraft: Helios 1A-1B. USAF Sat Cat: 25977 . COSPAR: 1999-064A. Apogee: 682 km (423 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.

    French optical military reconnaisance satellite based on Spot 4. Taken out of service in mid-October 2004, when the orbit of the satellite was lowered to 637 x 640 km, taking it out of the path of Helios 1A and the Helios 2A that would be launched in December 2004.

  • Clementine - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DGA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 25978 . COSPAR: 1999-064B. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Customer: Alcatel Espace(France). French government military electronic intelligence research payload incorporated into an advance microsatellite platform. Based on CERISE with enhanced EMC subsystem. Still operational as of 2000..

2001 April 17 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • M51 Research and development (to CSG) test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2001 December 7 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10.
  • Jason 1 - . Payload: TPFO. Mass: 485 kg (1,069 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, NASA. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Proteus. Spacecraft: Jason. USAF Sat Cat: 26997 . COSPAR: 2001-055A. Apogee: 1,344 km (835 mi). Perigee: 1,332 km (827 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 112.40 min.

    Oceanography satellite, launch delayed from August 10 and September 15. Jason 1 was a joint mission between CNES (the French space agency) and NASA/JPL, following on the Topex satellite which carried the Poseidon sea surface altimeter. Jason carried Poseidon 2, as well as orbital tracking experiments and a microwave radiometer which measured the amount of water vapor, allowing path delay errors to be calibrated. The satellite used the Alcatel Proteus bus and had a dry mass of 472 kg plus 28 kg of hydrazine propellant. The JASON/TIMED mission's Boeing Delta 7920-10C second stage reached an initial orbit of 215 x 1343 km x 66.2 deg at 1517 GMT. A second burn at 1559 GMT circularized at apogee to 1320 x 1330 km x 66.0 deg, and the Jason 1 satellite was ejected at 1602 GMT.


2002 May 4 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P.
  • SPOT 5 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SPOT-5A-5B. Spacecraft: SPOT-5A-5B. USAF Sat Cat: 27421 . COSPAR: 2002-021A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 825 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.40 min.

    Remote Sensing satellite. Last launch of Ariane 42P version. Launch delayed from April 10. The Ariane 42P, with two PAP solid boosters, flew north from Kourou. The third stage burn occurred off the east coast of North America, with engine cutoff at 0150 UTC and stage separation at 0151 UTC. Venting of the remaining third stage propellant was seen by observers in the US. SPOT Image's SPOT 5 was built by Astrium/Toulouse. The main instrument was the HRVIR imaging camera payload including a 2.5-meter resolution imager. A secondary experiment was the 5-band VEGETATION-2 instrument with 1-km resolution.

  • Idefix - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 27422 . COSPAR: 2002-021B. Apogee: 809 km (502 mi). Perigee: 789 km (490 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.90 min.

    The Idefix amateur radio payload consisted of two small 6 kg boxes attached to the Ariane third stage. The payload was operated by AMSAT-F, the French branch of the amateur radio organization. (The first French satellite was nicknamed Asterix after the famous comic book character; Idefix was Asterix and Obelix's pet dog.)


2002 July 5 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Stellat 5 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B3. Mass: 4,050 kg (8,920 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Stellat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 3000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 27460 . COSPAR: 2002-035A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Launch delayed from late June. Stellat-5 was an Alcatel Spacebus 3000B3 with a dry mass of 1805 kg and 2245 kg of propellant. The satellite carried Ku-band and C-band transponders, and was a joint venture between France Telecom and Europeon.Star which was to provide 2-way internet access and video transmission from 5 deg W. Stellat-5 was colocated with France Telecom's Telecom 2C. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 4.99W drifting at 0.000E degrees per day.


2002 December 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. FAILURE: The Ariane 5 core's Vulcain-2 engine began failing at T+178 seconds. The rocket veered off course and the destruct signal was sent..
  • Stentor - . Payload: Modified Spacebus 3000B3. Mass: 2,210 kg (4,870 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 3000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000.

    Maiden flight of Ariane 5 EC-A. Delayed from October, November 20 and 28. Stentor, a French experimental geostationary direct broadcast communications satellite, was lost in the failed first flight of the Ariane 5 EC-A. Value of the lost satellite was Euro 388 million.


2004 June 1 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S618. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • ME-34 Teutates test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2004 June 29 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Demeter - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Demeter. Spacecraft: Demeter. USAF Sat Cat: 28368 . COSPAR: 2004-025C. Apogee: 723 km (449 mi). Perigee: 695 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.00 min.

    Demeter studied disturbances of the ionosphere due to seismo electromagnetic effects and human activities (power lines, VLF transmitters, HF broadcasting stations). Study of natural electromagnetic emissions in the ULF/ELF/VLF range related to seismic or volcanic activity could be used to predict earthquatkes or eruptions in advance. Demeter tracked these emissions and other space plasma parameters (ion composition, electron density and temperature, energetic particles). The scientific payload consisted of three electric and three magnetic sensors (covering six components of the electromagnetic field from DC to 3.5 MHz); a Langmuir probe; an ion spectrometer; and an energetic particle analyzer. 8 Gbits of onboard memory recorded the data, which was returned to earth as 18 Mb/s high bit rate telemetry in the X band. The two-year mission was handled from a control center in Toulouse.


2004 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp.
  • Helios 2A - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Helios reconnsat. Spacecraft: Helios 2. USAF Sat Cat: 28492 . COSPAR: 2004-049A. Apogee: 690 km (420 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.0770 deg. Period: 98.39 min. First of two new-generation French military surveillance satellites. Last flight of Ariane 5G model. Launch delayed from December 10..
  • Parasol - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28498 . COSPAR: 2004-049G. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 98.0780 deg. Period: 97.91 min.

    Parasol carried a wide-field imaging radiometer/polarimeter called POLDER (Polarization and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectances), designed in partnership with the LOA atmospheric optics laboratory in Lille (CNRS-USTL). POLDER was designed to improve the knowledge of the radiative and microphysical properties of clouds and aerosols by measuring the directionality and polarization of light reflected by the Earth-atmosphere system.

  • Essaim 1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28494 . COSPAR: 2004-049C. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 663 km (411 mi). Inclination: 98.0760 deg. Period: 97.96 min.

    The Essaim demonstrator was a system of several micro-satellites (Essaim means 'swarm' in French) for 'analysis of the electro-magnetic environment of the Earth's surface' (electronic intelligence). DGA, the French Ministry of Defence's procurement agency, developed the project. The system also comprised a ground control segment and a ground station for data processing. It was called a 'demonstrator' since the mission's objective was to assess the operational capability of such a system, paving the way for the next generation. The Essaim satellites were based on EADS Astrium's Myriade multipurpose micro-satellite. In early 2000, the DGA awarded the contract for the development, manufacturing of this turnkey system of micro-satellites and associated ground segment. Under the contract, EADS Astrium was also responsible for personnel training and system operations during the three-year life duration of the programme.

  • Essaim 2 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28495 . COSPAR: 2004-049D. Apogee: 664 km (412 mi). Perigee: 657 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 3 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28496 . COSPAR: 2004-049E. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 654 km (406 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 4 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28497 . COSPAR: 2004-049F. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

2005 February 1 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2005 October 13 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS.
  • Syracuse 3A - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B3. Mass: 3,725 kg (8,212 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Syracuse. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 4000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 28885 . COSPAR: 2005-041B. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Syracuse 3A French military communications satellite. Launch delayed from mid-February, March 15, April 14, May 31, 2005. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 47.00E drifting at 0.010E degrees per day..

2006 August 11 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Syracuse 3B - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B3. Mass: 3,750 kg (8,260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Syracuse. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 4000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 29273 . COSPAR: 2006-033B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. SHF and EHF military communications links for the French military. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 5.21W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2006 November 9 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS M51. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • M51 test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 December 27 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Corot - . Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Proteus. Spacecraft: Corot. USAF Sat Cat: 29678 . COSPAR: 2006-063A. Apogee: 902 km (560 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 103.00 min.

    European COnvection ROtation and planetary Transits satellite, designed to detect transits of planets down to earth size as they pass in front of their stars, and convection currents on stellar surfaces. The satellite was to use its 27-cm-diameter telescope to scan 120,000 stars during its 30-month mission. This was the first flight of the Soyuz-2 booster with the improved RD-0124 third stage engine.


2007 June 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS M51. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • M51 SLBM test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 March 9 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • ATV-1 Jules Verne - . Mass: 19,012 kg (41,914 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: ATV. Spacecraft: ATV. Duration: 204.39 days. Decay Date: 2008-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 32686 . COSPAR: 2008-008A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min.

    First launch of Europe's Automated Transfer Vehicle, a logistics vehicle designed for ISS resupply. The Ariane model 5ES launch vehicle, vehicle L528, had the enhanced EAP solid boosters and EPC core stage of the Ariane 5ECA, but with the new EPS-V upper stage with restart capability and a vehicle equipment bay instrument unit strengthened to carry the heavier LEO payload. Jules Verne carried 1300 kg of dry cargo, 302 kg of water and oxygen, and 860 kg of propellant to the ISS. For this test mission it had a dry mass of 10075 kg and 6475 kg of maneuvering propellant (in later missions the propellant could be thousands of kilograms less, in order to deliver more cargo).

    The EPS stage made its first burn and placed the stack into a 137 km x 260 km orbit at 04:20 GMT. The EPS restarted at 05:05, burned for 30-seconds, and released the ATV into a 254 km x 272 km orbit.

    Following extensive checkouts and maneuvering near the ISS, ATV Jules Verne docked at the aft end of ISS Zvezda module at 14:52 GMT on 3 April. While docked to the station, it was used several times to boost the station's orbit and to shift it in debris avoidance maneuvers. The ATV undocked from the ISS on 5 September and used a fuel-conserving 23 days to position itself for a safe re-entry over the South Pacific. Final destructive re-entry began at 13:30 GMT on 29 September.


2008 June 20 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7320-10C.
  • Jason 2 - . Mass: 506 kg (1,115 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Martin. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Proteus. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 33105 . COSPAR: 2008-032A. Apogee: 1,344 km (835 mi). Perigee: 1,332 km (827 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 112.40 min. Ocean Surface Topography Mission follow-on to Jason 1. Carried Poseidon-3 altimeter for precision measurement of ocean surface and the NASA Advanced Microwave Radiometer to measure atmospheric moisture in the path of the altimeter beam..

2008 August 14 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • AMC 21 - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33277 . COSPAR: 2008-038D. Apogee: 35,677 km (22,168 mi). Perigee: 276 km (171 mi). Inclination: 2.1000 deg. Period: 630.40 min. Ku-band satellite for SES Americom's North American services, using an Orbital Star 2 bus and a Thales Alenia communications payload..

2008 November 13 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS M51. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
2008 December 20 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hot Bird 9 - . Mass: 4,880 kg (10,750 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33459 . COSPAR: 2008-065A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Ku-band satellite slated to replace Hot Bird 3 at 13 deg E..
  • Eutelsat W2M - . Mass: 3,460 kg (7,620 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: I-3K. Spacecraft: I-3K. USAF Sat Cat: 33460 . COSPAR: 2008-065B. Apogee: 35,843 km (22,271 mi). Perigee: 35,735 km (22,204 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Ku-band satellite designed to operate at 10 deg E. It used the Indian Insat I3K bus and was the first foreign sale of an Indian-built satellite. It made it to geosynchronous orbit but suffered a power system and was written off eight days after launch..

2009 February 11 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Spirale A - . Mass: 117 kg (257 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 33751 . COSPAR: 2009-008C. Apogee: 35,693 km (22,178 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min. Demonstrator to prove infrared sensors designed to detect ballistic missile launches and other military targets..
  • Spirale B - . Mass: 117 kg (257 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 33752 . COSPAR: 2009-008D. Apogee: 35,681 km (22,171 mi). Perigee: 641 km (398 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min.

2009 August 21 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • JCSAT 12 - . Payload: A2100AXS. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: JCSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 2100. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 35755 . COSPAR: 2009-044A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Optus D3 - . Payload: Star-2.4. Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 35756 . COSPAR: 2009-044B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2009 October 1 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • COMSATBw-1 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B2. Mass: 2,440 kg (5,370 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: COMSATBw. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 3000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 35942 . COSPAR: 2009-054A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,765 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. German military communications satellite. Dry mass 1040 kg..
  • Amazonas 2 - . Mass: 5,465 kg (12,048 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Hispasat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 35943 . COSPAR: 2009-054B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Commercial broadcast satellite for North and South America..

2009 October 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • NSS 12 - . Mass: 5,620 kg (12,380 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 36032 . COSPAR: 2009-058A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. C- and Ku-band communications satellite stationed at 57 deg E..
  • Thor 6 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B2. Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Thor Comsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 4000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 36033 . COSPAR: 2009-058B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Direct broadcast satellite stationed at 1 deg W..

2009 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS.
  • Helios 2B - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SPOT-5A-5B. Spacecraft: SPOT-5A-5B. USAF Sat Cat: 36124 . COSPAR: 2009-073A. Apogee: 680 km (420 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. French military surveillance satellite..

2010 January 27 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S612. LV Family: MSBS M51. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • TN75 RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). R&D launch.

2010 June 15 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Picard - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Makeyev Design Bureau. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 36598 . COSPAR: 2010-028A. Apogee: 730 km (450 mi). Perigee: 725 km (450 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Solar observation payload..

2010 July 10 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Platform: S612. LV Family: MSBS M51. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test..

2011 November 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: F-15D. LV Family: Black Sparrow missile series. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Aster 30 Target - . Nation: France. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2011 December 17 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Pleiades HR1 - . Mass: 970 kg (2,130 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Pleiades. Spacecraft: Pleiades. USAF Sat Cat: 38007 . COSPAR: 2011-076A. Apogee: 692 km (429 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. High resolution military surveillance satellite..
  • Elisa 1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38008 . COSPAR: 2011-076B. Apogee: 692 km (429 mi). Perigee: 675 km (419 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.

    Quartet of electronic intelligence satellites, which succeed Essaim as France's next space-based SIGINT demonstrator. Like Essaim, Elisa consists of four Myriade microsatellites equipped with electronic intelligence instruments to intercept radar transmissions from space. Elisa was to offer a pre-operational capability until a fully operational space-based intelligence capability would be deployed in 2016.

  • Elisa 2 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38009 . COSPAR: 2011-076C. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 681 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.
  • Elisa 3 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38010 . COSPAR: 2011-076D. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.
  • Elisa 4 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38011 . COSPAR: 2011-076E. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 601 km (373 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

2012 February 13 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELV. LV Family: Vega. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • ROBUSTA - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: France. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 38083 . COSPAR: 2012-006G. Apogee: 1,379 km (856 mi). Perigee: 306 km (190 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Student 1U cubesat from the Universite' de Montpellier. Mission: Radiation effects on bipolar-transistor-based circuits. Status: Failed. First French CubeSat.

2012 September 9 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Pad: LP1. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Spot 6 - . Mass: 712 kg (1,569 lb). Nation: France. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Astrobus. Spacecraft: Astrobus. USAF Sat Cat: 38755 . COSPAR: 2012-047A. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 697 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Earth observing satellite built by Astrium/Toulouse for Astrium subsidiary Spot Image (Toulouse)..

2012 December 2 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Pleiades 1B - . Mass: 970 kg (2,130 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Pleiades. Spacecraft: Pleiades. USAF Sat Cat: 39019 . COSPAR: 2012-068A. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 697 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. High resolution French military optical reconnaisance satellite..

2013 May 5 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay launch area. Launch Complex: Bay of Biscay launch area. Launch Pad: SSBN Le Vigilant. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20. FAILURE: Destroyed after a first stage failure..
  • MSBS M21 Launch Failure - . Nation: France. Destroyed after a first stage failure..

2013 May 5 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.63 N x 4.05 W. Launch Platform: S618. LV Family: MSBS M51. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2014 February 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Athena-Fidus - . Payload: Spacebus-4000B2. Mass: 3,080 kg (6,790 lb). Nation: France. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 4000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 39509 . COSPAR: 2014-006B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0600 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Joint French/Italian military communications satellite for both military and civilian government communications; in France the civilian space agency CNES and the military procurement agency DGA were both responsible, while in Italy the corresponding Agenzia Spaziale Italiana and Segredifesa/DNA agencies were involved.


2014 June 30 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Spot 7 - . Payload: AstroSat-500 Mk.2 (AstroBus-L). Mass: 712 kg (1,569 lb). Nation: France. Spacecraft Bus: Astrobus. Spacecraft: Astrobus. USAF Sat Cat: 40053 . COSPAR: 2014-034A. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 697 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.73 min. Earth observation satellite with a 2 meter resolution on a 60 kilometer swath..

2014 July 29 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • ATV-5 Georges Lemaitre - . Mass: 19,520 kg (43,030 lb). Nation: France. Agency: AE. Spacecraft Bus: ATV. Spacecraft: ATV. Duration: 201.00 days. Decay Date: 2015-02-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 40103 . COSPAR: 2014-044A. Apogee: 419 km (260 mi). Perigee: 413 km (256 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.89 min. ISS resupply mission. Arrived at the ISS on August 12, docking with Zvezda at 13:30 GMT. Undocked from the ISS Zvezda module at 13:42 GMT on February 14 2015 and was deorbited over the Pacific on February 15..

2015 April 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Sicral 2 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: France. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 4000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 40614 . COSPAR: 2015-022B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Secure communications for the Italian and French armed forces. Stationed in geosynchronous orbit..

2015 September 30 - . 08:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS M21. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M21.
  • M51 RVs - . Nation: France. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test mission. Impacted Atlantic Ocean..


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