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Soyuz-2-1B
Part of R-7 Family
Russian orbital launch vehicle. Incorporates digital flight control system from Soyuz-2-1A with new RD-0124 upper stage engine.

AKA: 14A15. Status: Active. First Launch: 2006-12-27. Last Launch: 2015-06-23. Number: 17 . Thrust: 7,600.00 kN (1,708,500 lbf). Gross mass: 313,000 kg (690,000 lb). Height: 50.70 m (166.30 ft). Diameter: 2.95 m (9.67 ft).

Family: orbital launch vehicle. Country: Russia. Spacecraft: BLITS, DX 1, Ekspress-1000, Persona, Relek, SkySat, Sterkh, Sumbandila , Tatyana, Toronto GNB, UGATUSAT , Meteor, Glonass, Yantar-4KS1, Resurs-Spektr, Cubesat, Meridian, Corot, SSTL-150, Meteor-M. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Plesetsk, Baikonur LC31, Plesetsk LC43/4, Plesetsk LC43. Stages: Fregat, Soyuz ST-0, Soyuz ST-1, Soyuz ST-2. Agency: Kozlov bureau.



2006 December 27 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Corot - . Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Proteus. Spacecraft: Corot. USAF Sat Cat: 29678 . COSPAR: 2006-063A. Apogee: 902 km (560 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 103.00 min.

    European COnvection ROtation and planetary Transits satellite, designed to detect transits of planets down to earth size as they pass in front of their stars, and convection currents on stellar surfaces. The satellite was to use its 27-cm-diameter telescope to scan 120,000 stars during its 30-month mission. This was the first flight of the Soyuz-2 booster with the improved RD-0124 third stage engine.


2008 July 26 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2441 - . Mass: 7,100 kg (15,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Persona. Spacecraft: Persona. USAF Sat Cat: 33272 . COSPAR: 2008-037A. Apogee: 735 km (456 mi). Perigee: 711 km (441 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.20 min.

    First in the Persona series of Russian military imaging reconnaisance satellites. The initial orbit was 195 x 726 km x 98.3 deg. The spacecraft maneuvered itself into its operational sun-synchronous orbit on 31 July. Reportedly the satellite married the Yantar electro-optical bus with subsystems developed for the abandoned Arkon-1 reconnsaisance satellite. Said to have shut down in February 2009 due to an electronics failure.


2009 September 17 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Meteor-M - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-M. USAF Sat Cat: 35865 . COSPAR: 2009-049A. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.30 min.

    First Meteor-M satellite. This replaced the Meteor-3M satellite, with new generation weather instruments. Plagued with problems: the infrared sensor cooling broke down, an antenna did not deploy properly, camera mirrors were degraded by vibration, imagery was not delivered in a usable rectified format.

  • Sterkh 12L - . Mass: 160 kg (350 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Search and rescue satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Sterkh. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 35866 . COSPAR: 2009-049B. Apogee: 818 km (508 mi). Perigee: 814 km (505 mi). Inclination: 98.5400 deg. Period: 101.22 min. Second dedicated Sterkh search-and-rescue satellite..
  • IRIS - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 35867 . COSPAR: 2009-049C. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 490 km (300 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Inflatable structure technology test - two inflatable masts carrying dummy solar arrays mounted on the Fregat upper stage and inflated after all payloads had been deployed..
  • Tatyana-2 - . Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tatyana. Spacecraft: Tatyana. USAF Sat Cat: 35868 . COSPAR: 2009-049D. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 814 km (505 mi). Inclination: 98.5400 deg. Period: 101.23 min. Space physics research satellite built by students from Moscow State University..
  • UGATUSAT - . Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: UGATUSAT . Spacecraft: UGATUSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 35869 . COSPAR: 2009-049E. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 98.5400 deg. Period: 101.25 min. Remote sensing satellite built by the Ufa State Aviation Technical University..
  • Sumbandila - . Mass: 81 kg (178 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Sumbandila . Spacecraft: Sumbandila. USAF Sat Cat: 35870 . COSPAR: 2009-049F. Apogee: 505 km (313 mi). Perigee: 501 km (311 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. South African imaging satellite with a ground resolution of 6.25 m..
  • BLITS - . Mass: 7.00 kg (15.40 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: BLITS . Spacecraft: BLITS. USAF Sat Cat: 35871 . COSPAR: 2009-049G. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Spherical glass lens for laser geodesy, built by the NII for Precision Instruments (NIIPP), Moscow..

2011 February 26 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2471 - . Payload: Glonass-K No. 11. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ekspress-1000. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 37372 . COSPAR: 2011-009A. Apogee: 19,147 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,111 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. First launch of the Glonass-K satellite using the Ekspress-1000 bus. The second would not come until 2014..

2011 October 2 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2474 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 42 / Uragan-M sn 742. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37829 . COSPAR: 2011-055A. Apogee: 19,156 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,104 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass-M navigation satellite. The Fregat upper stage maneuvered from a 60 km x 220 km orbit on release from the Soyuz third stage; then to 220 km x 220 km, 250 km x 19,100 km and then to the deployment orbit of 19,235 km x 19,667 km x 64.8 deg..

2011 November 28 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2478 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 46. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37938 . COSPAR: 2011-071A. Apogee: 19,157 km (11,903 mi). Perigee: 19,102 km (11,869 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2011 December 23 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B. FAILURE: Third stage shut down at 7:01 after launch. Stage and payload crashed in Siberia..
  • Meridian - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meridian. Spacecraft: Meridian. Was to have been fifth launch of Meridian military communications satellite..

2013 April 26 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2485 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 47. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 39155 . COSPAR: 2013-019A. Apogee: 19,176 km (11,915 mi). Perigee: 19,084 km (11,858 mi). Inclination: 64.7600 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Part of launch series to bring Glonass navigation satellite constellation up to full operation..

2013 June 7 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43. Launch Pad: LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2486 - . Mass: 7,100 kg (15,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Persona. Spacecraft: Persona. USAF Sat Cat: 39177 . COSPAR: 2013-028A. Apogee: 733 km (455 mi). Perigee: 714 km (443 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.26 min. Second Persona reconnaisance satellite, in sun-synchronous orbit with 10:31 local time descending node. Said to have failed after a short time in orbit..

2013 June 25 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. Launch Pad: LC31/6. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Resurs-P - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Resurs-Spektr. USAF Sat Cat: 39186 . COSPAR: 2013-030A. Apogee: 473 km (293 mi). Perigee: 459 km (285 mi). Inclination: 97.2800 deg. Period: 93.91 min. Civilian imaging satellite with a Geoton-L1 telescope with 1-meter resolution multispectral imager and a 25m resolution hyperspectral imager..

2014 March 23 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2494 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 54. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 39620 . COSPAR: 2014-012A. Apogee: 19,174 km (11,914 mi). Perigee: 19,085 km (11,858 mi). Inclination: 64.8400 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Glonass-M No. 54 (Uragan-M No. 754) navigation satellite. Incorrectly announced as Cosmos 2491 at time of launch due to confusion in designations applied to three previous classified military launches..

2014 June 14 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2500 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 55. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 40001 . COSPAR: 2014-032A. Apogee: 19,262 km (11,968 mi). Perigee: 19,145 km (11,896 mi). Inclination: 64.7800 deg. Period: 678.67 min. Glonass-M satellite No. 55 to supplement the Russian navigation satellite constellation..

2014 July 8 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Meteor M2 - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor. USAF Sat Cat: 40069 . COSPAR: 2014-037A. Apogee: 827 km (513 mi). Perigee: 820 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.37 min. Second in series of replacements for Meteor-M weather satellites..
  • MKA PN2 (Relek) - . Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Relek. Spacecraft: Relek. USAF Sat Cat: 40070 . COSPAR: 2014-037B. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 98.3800 deg. Period: 99.22 min. Carried magnetosphere instruments..
  • DX 1 - . Mass: 27 kg (59 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: DX 1. Spacecraft: DX 1. USAF Sat Cat: 40071 . COSPAR: 2014-037C. Apogee: 638 km (396 mi). Perigee: 624 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.33 min. Experimental small satellite bus; carried an Automatic Identification System (AIS) receiver for tracking ships..
  • Skysat 2 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: SkySat. Spacecraft: Skysat. USAF Sat Cat: 40072 . COSPAR: 2014-037D. Apogee: 635 km (394 mi). Perigee: 624 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.31 min. Commercial earth optical surveillance satellite by Skybox..
  • Dummy sat - . Nation: Russia. USAF Sat Cat: 40073 . COSPAR: 2014-037E. Apogee: 634 km (393 mi). Perigee: 624 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.29 min.
  • Ukube 1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40074 . COSPAR: 2014-037F. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.27 min. 3U cubesat sponsored by the UK Space Agency; first of a series to be launched annually to promote space technology in the UK..
  • Aissat 2 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: Norway. Spacecraft Bus: Toronto GNB. Spacecraft: Toronto GNB. USAF Sat Cat: 40075 . COSPAR: 2014-037G. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.27 min. Satellite-based Automatic Identification System (AIS) payload to track maritime assets worldwide (all vessels over 300 metric tons are equipped with AIS transponders)..
  • TDS 1 - . Mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-150. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 40076 . COSPAR: 2014-037H. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.3900 deg. Period: 97.27 min. TechDemoSat-1 by Surrey Satellite Technology carrying technology payloads from various UK universities..

2014 November 30 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2501 - . Payload: Glonass-K1 No. 12L. Mass: 935 kg (2,061 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ekspress-1000. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 40315 . COSPAR: 2014-075A. Apogee: 19,179 km (11,917 mi). Perigee: 19,081 km (11,856 mi). Inclination: 64.7100 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Second Glonass-K satellite, vehicle No. 12. The Glonass-K series are the third generation of Russian high orbit navigation satellites, following the original Uragan/Glonass and their successors, the Uragan-M/Glonass-M vehicles..

2014 December 25 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2502 - . Payload: Lotos-S No. 802. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Lotos-S. USAF Sat Cat: 40358 . COSPAR: 2014-086A. Apogee: 910 km (560 mi). Perigee: 901 km (559 mi). Inclination: 67.1500 deg. Period: 103.10 min.

    Russian military satellite that initially entered a 240 km x 899 km x 67.1 deg orbit. Russian press reports and official announcements did not give any name for the satellite, not even a Cosmos cover name, the first time this had happened since 1963. Believed to be the second Lotos-S signals intelligence satellite. The Lotos-S satellites had a payload similar to the Tselina-2, but used a Russian Yantar-type spacecraft bus from TsSKB-Progress instead of the Tselina-2's Okean class bus from the Ukranian Yuzhnoye organization. The spacecraft circularized its orbit to 899 km x 909 km on December 26, joining Lotos-S No. 801 which was in a 903 km x 907 km x 67 deg orbit.


2014 December 26 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. Launch Pad: Baikonur LC31/6. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Resurs-P No. 2 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Resurs-Spektr. USAF Sat Cat: 40360 . COSPAR: 2014-087A. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 463 km (287 mi). Inclination: 97.2900 deg. Period: 93.98 min.

    Resurs-P 47KS No. 2 civil imaging spacecraft. The main payload was the Geoton-L1 imager with 0.5m aperture and 38 km swath, 1.0 m panchromatic and 3 to 4m color resolution. Geoton-L1 had 7 passbands and a 216-channel hyperspectral imager. The KShMSA wide field multispectral camera was also part of the Resurs-P primary payload; an AIS ship tracking receiver from OAO RKS and Lomonosov Federal State Univ.'s Nuklon cosmic ray detector were secondary payloads. Nuklon detected cosmic ray nuclei with atomic number 1 to 30 in the 1 to 1000 TeV energy range. Resurs-P went into a 190 km x 428 km initial orbit that was raised to its operational height of 330 km x 471 km on December 29. Sun synchronous orbit; 1150 GMT local time of the descending node.


2015 June 23 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2506 - . Mass: 7,000 kg (15,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Persona. Spacecraft: Persona. USAF Sat Cat: 40699 . COSPAR: 2015-029A. Apogee: 725 km (450 mi). Perigee: 706 km (438 mi). Inclination: 98.2900 deg. Period: 99.09 min.

    Third Persona-1 spy satellite, built by TsSKB-Progress in Samara and equipped with electro-optical imaging cameras. Said to be the first to return its data via an optical communications link to an unidentified geosynchronous satellite. On June 28 the satellite manuevered from an elliptical transfer orbit to a circular sun synchronous orbit with 0840 GMT local time of the descending node.



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