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Navigation
Category of spacecraft.



Subtopics

Beidou 3 Third generation Beidou navigation satellite. Variants for deployment in MEO medium (21,000 km altitude) and IGSO inclined geosynchronous orbits (Beidou 3m and Beidou 3i).

Beidou-GEO The Beidou-2 GEO (geosynchronous orbit) satellites incorporated Beidou-1 location and messaging technology for backward compatibility with existing receivers. Five of these were operational as of the end of 2010.

Beidou-IGSO The Chinese Beidou-2 navigation satellite Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit constellation consisted satellites deployed in three planes, in 24-hour orbits at 38,300 km altitude, but inclined at 55 degrees to the equator. The orbits were such that one satellite would be over Chinese territory at all times, providing an overhead signal allowing navigation even when surrounded by tall buildings or rugged terrain.

Beidou-MEO Satellites built for the 12-hour, 55 deg inclination MEO portion of the constellation.

Ekspress-1000 Russian satellite bus by Reshetnev for small to medium satellites. Supported geosynchronous satellites with a total mass from 1200 kg to 2200 kg, power capability from 3 kW to 8 kW, and an operational life of 15 years.

I-1K Indian 1000-kg class satellite bus for use in geostationary or planetary missions. Dimensions 1.505 m × 1.476 m × 1.530 m, dry mass 500 kg, payload 100 kg, power system up to 1000 watts, design life 7 years.

SSTL-900 Surrey bus used for the Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, a prototype for the Galileo European navigation satellite network.

Toronto GNB University of Tornto Generic Nanosatellite bus.

Transit Spin-stabilized Transit satellites were developed by the US Navy beginning in 1958 for the first operational navigation satellite system. Transit provided continuous navigation satellite service from 1964, initially for Polaris submarines and later for civilian use. The use of the satellites for navigation was discontinued at the end of 1996 (replaced by GPS/Navstar), but the seemingly-indestructible satellites continued transmitting and became the Navy Ionospheric Monitoring System (NIMS). 46 launches, 1959.09.17 (Transit 1A) to 1988.08.25 (Transit O-31). Navigation satellite built by Naval Avionics Facility (#1-3, 5, 7); Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) (#4, 6, 8-17); RCA (#18 - 32) for USN, USA. Launched 1964 - 1988. Used Transit-Bus, Gravity Stabilized.

Tsiklon satellite Russian navigation satellite.

TIP American navigation satellite.

Parus Russian navigation satellite. Military satellite which provided navigation information and store-dump radio communications to Soviet naval forces and ballistic missile submarines. Navigation, data relay satellite built by NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki (NPO PM), Russia. Launched 1974 - 2010. Used KAUR-1 bus.

Tsikada Russian navigation satellite. Tsikada was a complementary civilian version of the Parus military naval navigation satellite system for the Soviet Merchant Marine and Academy of Sciences. Navigation satellite built by NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki (NPO PM), Russia. Launched 1976 - 1995. Used KAUR-1 bus.

GPS Block 1 American navigation satellite. GPS Block 1 prototype satellites formed the GPS Demonstration system and were followed by the Block 2 operational system.

Nadezhda Ukrainian navigation satellite. Navigation / SAR Transponder satellite built by NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki (NPO PM), Russia. Launched 1982 - 2000. Used KAUR-1 bus.

Glonass Russian navigation satellite. Glonass was a Soviet space-based navigation system comparable to the American GPS system.

GPS Block 2 and 2A American navigation satellite. The Navstar GPS constellation worked in concert with ground receivers to give precise location information to military and civilian users anywhere in the world.

DFH-3 Chinese satellite bus used for geosynchronous communications and navigation satellites and deep space probes. Total mass, payload mass, and payload power improved through three versions from 2320 kg to 3800 kg; 230 kg to 450 kg; and 1000 W to 4000 W.

GPS Block 2R American navigation satellite.

Beidou Chinese navigation satellite. Operational, first launch 2000.10.30. Beidou ('Big Dipper') was the satellite component of an independent Chinese satellite navigation and positioning system.

Cubesat American low-cost nanosatellite bus. Used in dozens of launches.

DS2000 Japanese communications satellite bus. Mitsubishi Electric developed the DS2000 standard satellite platform based on a design originally created for the DRTS and ETS-8 platforms for NASDA.

Galileo Navsat European navigation satellite. GIOVE B. Galileo was Europe's own global navigation satellite system, providing a highly accurate, guaranteed global positioning service under civilian control. Navigation satellite built by OHB-System GmbH (Bus, prime), SSTL (payload) for ESA, Europe. Launched 2014 - 2016.

GPS Block 2F American navigation satellite. Block IIF satellites were the fourth generation of the Navstar satellite, launched from 2010.05.28.

GPS Block 3 American navigation satellite. Study 2010. GPS III, as planned in 2003, would be the fifth generation of Navstar satellites. They would continue to deliver the new civil signals and improved military codes initiated on the GPS IIR-M and IIF programs.

Projects: Navstar.

1959 September 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able II. FAILURE: Third stage failed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Transit 1A - . Payload: Transit 1A. Mass: 119 kg (262 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1959-09-17 . A Thor/Able II booster carrying the Navy's Transit IA navigation satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral. A third stage malfunction prevented the satellite from achieving orbit. First Transit test satellite; failed to reach orbit..

1960 April 13 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 1B - . Mass: 121 kg (266 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Duration: 89.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 31 . COSPAR: 1960-Gamma-2. Apogee: 644 km (400 mi). Perigee: 363 km (225 mi). Inclination: 51.2000 deg. Period: 94.60 min.

    The first Thor/Ablestar launched from Cape Canaveral placed the Navy's Transit IB navigation satellite into orbit. This was the first navigation satellite to be placed in orbit. The Ablestar upper stage demonstrated the first engine restart in space. The Able-Star second stage demonstrated the first engine restart in space and the feasibility of using satellites as navigational aids. The first experimental Transit satellite to achieve orbit operated for 89 days. It transmitted on two frequency pairs to test the technique for refraction correction and to determine if the transmitted frequencies should be close together or far apart. It also tested a magnetic torque device for spacecraft attitude control - the first satellite to do so.


1960 June 22 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 2A - . Mass: 101 kg (222 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 45 . COSPAR: 1960-Eta-1. Apogee: 988 km (613 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 66.7000 deg. Period: 100.80 min.

    A Thor/Ablestar booster placed a U.S. Navy Transit IIA research and development navigation satellite into orbit using the Ablestar second stage with a restart engine. A smaller parasitic radiation-measuring satellite, the Galactic Radiation Experiment Background (GREB), was also placed into orbit. This was the first time two satellites had been carried in "piggyback" alignment on a single booster. Also returned geodetic data. Similar to Transit 1B, it transmitted until 26 October 1962. A planned Transit 2B was considered redundant and never built.


1960 November 30 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Transit 3A - . Mass: 91 kg (200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1960-11-30 . Destroyed by range safety; launched with Solrad 2. Thor shut down too early..

1961 February 22 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 3B - . Mass: 112 kg (246 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1961-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 87 . COSPAR: 1961-Eta-1. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 88.10 min.

    Lofti 1 piggyback payload did not separate. Nevertheless Transit 3B returned useful data needed for design of the operational satellites. It carried a digital clock driven by the same oscillator that drove the transmitters. It transmitted timing signals governed by the clock and a 384-bit memory. This allowed testing of the techniques for loading the memory from the ground, the ability of the memory to hold a message in orbit, and the ability to encode the memory contents by means of a frequency modulation on one of the main transmitters. It was also shown that ±60° phase modulation could be used to transmit the contents of the satellite memory without degradation of the accuracy of the Doppler signal and Doppler measurements.

  • Lofti 1 - . Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1961-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 87 . COSPAR: 1961-Eta-2. Apogee: 983 km (610 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 28.3000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. Failed to separate from Transit 3B..

1961 June 29 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 4A - . Mass: 79 kg (174 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 116 . COSPAR: 1961-Omicron-1. Apogee: 986 km (612 mi). Perigee: 865 km (537 mi). Inclination: 66.8000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Transits 4A and 4B were drum-shaped instead of spherical to provide more space for solar cells. In addition, operational 150-and 400-MHz frequencies were used for the first time. Carried SNAP-3A nuclear power source..

1961 November 15 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 4B - . Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 202 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Eta-1. Apogee: 1,104 km (685 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 32.4000 deg. Period: 105.70 min.

    Together, Transits 4A and 4B allowed the determination of harmonics in the Earth’s gravity field that had not yet been evaluated, and they also allowed firm navigational ties to be established from continent to continent as well as to isolated islands. As a result, it was discovered that the position of Hawaii was incorrect by 1 km. Carried SNAP 3 nuclear power source.


1962 December 19 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3.
  • Transit 5A - . Payload: Transit 5A-1. Mass: 61 kg (134 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1986-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 509 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Psi-1. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 90.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. First operational solar-powered prototype; failed first day. The satellite verified a new technique for deploying the solar panels and for separating from the rocket, but otherwise it was not successful because of trouble with the power system..

1963 April 5 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Transit 5A-2 - . Payload: Transit 5A-2. Mass: 84 kg (185 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1963-04-05 . Replacement for the failed Transit 5A; failed to reach orbit..

1963 June 16 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3.
  • Transit 5A-3 - . Payload: Transit 5A-3. Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1990-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 594 . COSPAR: 1963-022A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.

    First operational prototype with a redesigned power supply. A malfunction of the memory occurred during powered flight that kept it from accepting and storing navigation messages, and the oscillator stability was degraded during launch. The satellite could not be used for navigation, but it was the first to achieve gravity-gradient stabilization, and its other subsystems performed well.


1963 September 28 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 5BN-1 - . Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 670 . COSPAR: 1963-038B. Apogee: 1,125 km (699 mi). Perigee: 1,066 km (662 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 107.20 min.

    The first Thor/Ablestar launch from Vandenberg carried a Navy payload that became the first satellite to be operated completely with nuclear power. A SNAP-9A satellite nuclear power supply, built by the Martin Company and the Atomic Energy Commission, was used to power the satellite. First test of nuclear-powered Transit operational prototype. Carried SNAP-9A nuclear power source. The satellite achieved gravity-gradient stabilization, but upside down, making the signal level too low for operational users with low-gain antennas. However, geodetic and navigational evaluation data were obtained.


1963 December 5 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit 5BN-2 - . Mass: 75 kg (165 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 704 . COSPAR: 1963-049B. Apogee: 1,110 km (680 mi). Perigee: 1,061 km (659 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 107.00 min.

    Transit operational prototype powered by a SNAP-9A nuclear power source. First operational navigation satellite. It was used regularly by both surface and submarine units of the Navy until November 1964. From this point in time the US Navy had continuous use of satellite navigation.


1964 April 21 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Transit 5BN-3 - . Mass: 75 kg (165 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1964-04-21 . COSPAR: F640421A. Carried SNAP-9A nuclear power source. After this launch failure it was decided that operational Transits would be solar-powered only..

1964 June 4 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4.
  • Transit 5C-1 - . Payload: Transit 5C / OPS 4412. Mass: 54 kg (119 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 801 . COSPAR: 1964-026A. Apogee: 898 km (557 mi). Perigee: 825 km (512 mi). Inclination: 90.5000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Operational prototype similar to the 5A series but with some redesign to improve performance. Operated successfully until 23 August 1965..

1964 October 6 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit O-1 - . Payload: NNS 30010 / Ablestar 016 / OPS 5798. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 897 . COSPAR: 1964-063B. Apogee: 1,077 km (669 mi). Perigee: 1,046 km (649 mi). Inclination: 90.2000 deg. Period: 106.40 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few days operation..

1964 December 13 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit O-2 - . Payload: NNS 30020 / OPS 6582. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 965 . COSPAR: 1964-083D. Apogee: 1,079 km (670 mi). Perigee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 106.20 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few days operation..

1965 March 11 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit-O-3 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1965-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1303 . COSPAR: 1965-017A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..

1965 June 24 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit O-4 - . Payload: NNS 30040 / OPS 8480. Mass: 61 kg (134 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1420 . COSPAR: 1965-048A. Apogee: 1,125 km (699 mi). Perigee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 106.60 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

1965 August 13 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit O-5 - . Payload: NNS 30050 / OPS 8464. Mass: 61 kg (134 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1514 . COSPAR: 1965-065F. Apogee: 1,183 km (735 mi). Perigee: 1,078 km (669 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 107.90 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..

1965 December 22 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-6 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1864 . COSPAR: 1965-109A. Apogee: 1,059 km (658 mi). Perigee: 891 km (553 mi). Inclination: 89.1000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

1966 January 28 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-7 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1952 . COSPAR: 1966-005A. Apogee: 1,180 km (730 mi). Perigee: 850 km (520 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..

1966 March 26 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-8 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2119 . COSPAR: 1966-024A. Apogee: 1,099 km (682 mi). Perigee: 879 km (546 mi). Inclination: 89.7000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

1966 May 19 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-9 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2176 . COSPAR: 1966-041A. Apogee: 951 km (590 mi). Perigee: 833 km (517 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 102.80 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

1966 August 18 - . 02:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-10 - . Mass: 58 kg (127 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2401 . COSPAR: 1966-076A. Apogee: 1,089 km (676 mi). Perigee: 1,038 km (644 mi). Inclination: 88.9000 deg. Period: 106.50 min.

    Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Only partially operational due to a decrease in the number of solar cells available for charging the batteries after thermal working of the solar cell interconnections in day/night cycles.


1967 April 14 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-12 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2754 . COSPAR: 1967-034A. Apogee: 1,064 km (661 mi). Perigee: 1,037 km (644 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 106.20 min. First APL-built Transit Operational satellite. Operational life of this and subsequent Transits was over 14 years..

1967 May 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 158 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 2801 . COSPAR: 1967-045A. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 731 km (454 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1967 May 18 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-13 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2807 . COSPAR: 1967-048A. Apogee: 1,088 km (676 mi). Perigee: 1,059 km (658 mi). Inclination: 89.6000 deg. Period: 106.70 min. Operational life over 20 years..

1967 September 25 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-14 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2965 . COSPAR: 1967-092A. Apogee: 1,099 km (682 mi). Perigee: 1,030 km (640 mi). Inclination: 89.2000 deg. Period: 106.50 min.

1967 September 27 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle exploded on pad.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Tsiklon GVM - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. Mass model of military navigation satellite used for booster test..

1967 November 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 192 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 3047 . COSPAR: 1967-116A. Apogee: 725 km (450 mi). Perigee: 716 km (444 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Military navigation satellite..

1968 March 2 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-18 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 3133 . COSPAR: 1968-012A. Apogee: 1,130 km (700 mi). Perigee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 106.70 min. First RCA-built Transit..

1968 May 7 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 220 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 3229 . COSPAR: 1968-040A. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 637 km (395 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Military navigation satellite..

1969 August 13 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 292 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4070 . COSPAR: 1969-070A. Apogee: 733 km (455 mi). Perigee: 719 km (446 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1969 October 21 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 304 - . Mass: 795 kg (1,752 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4138 . COSPAR: 1969-091A. Apogee: 748 km (464 mi). Perigee: 731 km (454 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1970 April 11 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 332 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4369 . COSPAR: 1970-028A. Apogee: 736 km (457 mi). Perigee: 727 km (451 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. Military navigation satellite..

1970 August 20 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 358 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. Decay Date: 1990-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 4497 . COSPAR: 1970-064A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 334 km (207 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Identification uncertain. Possibly a Tsiklon military navigation satellite placed in incorrect orbit..

1970 August 27 - . 13:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-19 - . Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 4507 . COSPAR: 1970-067A. Apogee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Perigee: 946 km (587 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 106.70 min. The last Scout booster to be launched by an all-military crew was fired from Vandenberg AFB. Future Scout operations would be conducted by contractor launch teams under Air Force technical management. .

1970 October 12 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 371 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4578 . COSPAR: 1970-083A. Apogee: 728 km (452 mi). Perigee: 722 km (448 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1970 December 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 385 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4799 . COSPAR: 1970-108A. Apogee: 980 km (600 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1971 May 22 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 422 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5238 . COSPAR: 1971-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 982 km (610 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1971 December 15 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 465 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5683 . COSPAR: 1971-111A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 February 25 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 475 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5846 . COSPAR: 1972-009A. Apogee: 996 km (618 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 May 6 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 489 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6019 . COSPAR: 1972-035A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 August 16 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 514 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6148 . COSPAR: 1972-062A. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 September 2 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1.
  • Triad 1 - . Payload: TIP 1. Mass: 94 kg (207 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 6173 . COSPAR: 1972-069A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. A Scout rocket launched from Vandenberg boosted an improved Navy navigation satellite (TRIAD OI-IX) into orbit. Prototype of improved Transit satellite..

1973 January 26 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 546 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6350 . COSPAR: 1973-005A. Apogee: 564 km (350 mi). Perigee: 537 km (333 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1973 May 25 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1973 June 20 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 574 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6707 . COSPAR: 1973-042A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 976 km (606 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1973 September 14 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 586 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6828 . COSPAR: 1973-065A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1973 October 30 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A-1.
  • Transit O-20 - . Mass: 58 kg (127 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 6909 . COSPAR: 1973-081A. Apogee: 1,120 km (690 mi). Perigee: 885 km (549 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Operational life over 20 years..

1973 December 29 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 627 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7008 . COSPAR: 1973-109A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 January 17 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 628 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7094 . COSPAR: 1974-001A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 June 27 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 663 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7349 . COSPAR: 1974-048A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 October 18 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 689 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7476 . COSPAR: 1974-079A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 972 km (603 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 December 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 700 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 7593 . COSPAR: 1974-105A. Apogee: 994 km (617 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 April 11 - . 07:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 726 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 7736 . COSPAR: 1975-028A. Apogee: 991 km (615 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 April 22 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 729 - . Mass: 725 kg (1,598 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7768 . COSPAR: 1975-034A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 August 14 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 755 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 8072 . COSPAR: 1975-074A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 October 12 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Triad 2 - . Payload: TIP 2. Mass: 94 kg (207 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. Decay Date: 1991-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 8361 . COSPAR: 1975-099A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 427 km (265 mi). Inclination: 90.4000 deg. Period: 93.80 min.

    A Scout vehicle carrying a Transit Improvement Program payload was launched from SLC-5, Western Test Range. Launch was successful, but the solar panels of the satellite failed to deploy after the satellite had reached orbit. Prototype of improved Transit satellite. Tested pulsed plasma engine.


1975 November 4 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 778 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 8419 . COSPAR: 1975-103A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 968 km (601 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 January 20 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 789 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 8591 . COSPAR: 1976-005A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 February 3 - . 08:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 800 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 8645 . COSPAR: 1976-011A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 978 km (607 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 June 2 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 823 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 8873 . COSPAR: 1976-051A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 July 29 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 846 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 9061 . COSPAR: 1976-078A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 September 1 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • TIP 3 - . Payload: Triad 3 (TIP 3). Mass: 94 kg (207 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. Decay Date: 1981-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 9403 . COSPAR: 1976-089A. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi). Perigee: 345 km (214 mi). Inclination: 90.3000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.

    A Scout vehicle carrying a Transit Improvement Program payload was launched from SLC-5, Western Test Range. Launch was successful, but the solar panels of the satellite failed to deploy after the satellite had reached orbit. Prototype of improved Transit satellite. Also tested pulsed plasma engine.


1976 October 29 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 864 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 9509 . COSPAR: 1976-108A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 December 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 883 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 9610 . COSPAR: 1976-122A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1976 December 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 887 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 9637 . COSPAR: 1976-128A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 January 20 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 890 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 9737 . COSPAR: 1977-004A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 975 km (605 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 February 21 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 894 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 9846 . COSPAR: 1977-013A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 July 8 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 926 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 10137 . COSPAR: 1977-062A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1977 July 13 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 928 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10141 . COSPAR: 1977-064A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 September 13 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 951 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10352 . COSPAR: 1977-087A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 October 28 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Transat O-11 - . Mass: 94 kg (207 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 10457 . COSPAR: 1977-106A. Apogee: 1,097 km (681 mi). Perigee: 1,059 km (658 mi). Inclination: 89.7000 deg. Period: 106.80 min. Modification of first APL-built operational Transit for 'related experiments'..

1977 October 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 962 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 10459 . COSPAR: 1977-107A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 December 23 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 971 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10536 . COSPAR: 1977-122A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 975 km (605 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 January 17 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 985 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10599 . COSPAR: 1978-007A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 938 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 February 22 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 1 - . Payload: GPS SVN 1 / OPS 5111. Mass: 759 kg (1,673 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 10684 . COSPAR: 1978-020A. Apogee: 20,560 km (12,770 mi). Perigee: 20,249 km (12,582 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 727.00 min.

    An Atlas booster was launched from Vandenberg AFB carrying the first NAVSTAR Satellite. The launch was successful, and the satellite functioned normally once in orbit. It was declared operational on 31 March. Also known as Navigational Development Satellite 1. Technology prototype of Navstar satellite.


1978 February 28 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 991 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10692 . COSPAR: 1978-022A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 March 15 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 994 - . Mass: 920 kg (2,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 10731 . COSPAR: 1978-028A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 March 28 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 996 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10744 . COSPAR: 1978-031A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 March 31 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1000 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 10776 . COSPAR: 1978-034A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Completion of work on a space navigation system designed to permit determination of the position of Soviet naval and fishing vessels..

1978 May 13 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 2 - . Payload: GPS SVN 2 / OPS 5112. Mass: 759 kg (1,673 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 10893 . COSPAR: 1978-047A. Apogee: 20,653 km (12,833 mi). Perigee: 19,523 km (12,131 mi). Inclination: 63.6000 deg. Period: 714.20 min.

    An Atlas booster was launched from Vandenberg AFB with the second NAVSTAR satellite. Launch was successful and the satellite functioned normally once in orbit. It began operating at its final station on 27 June. Also known as Navigational Development Satellite 2. Technology prototype of Navstar satellite.


1978 May 23 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1011 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10917 . COSPAR: 1978-053A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 July 27 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1027 - . Mass: 920 kg (2,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 10991 . COSPAR: 1978-074A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 October 7 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 3 - . Payload: GPS SVN 3 / OPS 5113. Mass: 759 kg (1,673 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 11054 . COSPAR: 1978-093A. Apogee: 20,941 km (13,012 mi). Perigee: 20,706 km (12,866 mi). Inclination: 63.3000 deg. Period: 744.20 min.

    The third NAVSTAR satellite was launched from Vandenberg AFB on board an Atlas booster. Both the booster and the satellite itself functioned normally, and the satellite began operating at its final station on 31 October. Technology prototype of Navstar satellite.


1978 December 11 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 4 - . Payload: GPS SVN 4 / OPS 5114. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 11141 . COSPAR: 1978-112A. Apogee: 21,012 km (13,056 mi). Perigee: 20,750 km (12,890 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 746.50 min. The fourth NAVSTAR satellite was successfully launched from Vandenberg AFB on board an Atlas booster. The satellite was due to begin operating at its final station in early January 1979. Global Positioning System. First pre-opertional Navstar satellite..

1978 December 20 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1064 - . Mass: 1,025 kg (2,259 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1989-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11161 . COSPAR: 1978-119A. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi). Perigee: 333 km (206 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Probable failure. Military navigation satellite..

1979 January 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1072 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11238 . COSPAR: 1979-003A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 March 21 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1089 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11308 . COSPAR: 1979-026A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 April 7 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1091 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11320 . COSPAR: 1979-028A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 April 11 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1092 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 11326 . COSPAR: 1979-030A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 959 km (595 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1979 May 31 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1104 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11378 . COSPAR: 1979-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 October 16 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1141 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11585 . COSPAR: 1979-090A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 January 14 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1150 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11667 . COSPAR: 1980-003A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 January 25 - . 20:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1153 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11680 . COSPAR: 1980-007A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 February 9 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 5 - . Payload: GPS SVN 5 / OPS 5117. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 11690 . COSPAR: 1980-011A. Apogee: 20,560 km (12,770 mi). Perigee: 19,805 km (12,306 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System..

1980 March 17 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1168 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 11735 . COSPAR: 1980-022A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1980 April 26 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 6 - . Payload: GPS SVN 6 / OPS 5118. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 11783 . COSPAR: 1980-032A. Apogee: 20,471 km (12,720 mi). Perigee: 19,387 km (12,046 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 707.80 min. Global Positioning System..

1980 May 20 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1181 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11803 . COSPAR: 1980-039A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 December 5 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1225 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12087 . COSPAR: 1980-097A. Apogee: 1,025 km (636 mi). Perigee: 945 km (587 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 December 10 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1226 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 12091 . COSPAR: 1980-099A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1981 February 12 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1244 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12297 . COSPAR: 1981-013A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1104..

1981 May 15 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Nova 1 - . Mass: 170 kg (370 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 12458 . COSPAR: 1981-044A. Apogee: 1,185 km (736 mi). Perigee: 1,165 km (723 mi). Inclination: 90.2000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Improved Transit..

1981 June 4 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1275 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1981-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12504 . COSPAR: 1981-053A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1141..

1981 August 12 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1295 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12681 . COSPAR: 1981-077A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1181..

1981 September 4 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1304 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 12803 . COSPAR: 1981-087A. Apogee: 972 km (603 mi). Perigee: 906 km (562 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite; replaced Cosmos 926..

1981 September 18 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1308 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12835 . COSPAR: 1981-091A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1275..

1981 December 19 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SVS. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Navstar 7 - . Payload: GPS SVN 7. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. Decay Date: 1981-12-18 . Global Positioning System..

1982 January 14 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1333 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13033 . COSPAR: 1982-003A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1150..

1982 February 17 - . 21:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1339 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 13065 . COSPAR: 1982-012A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 948 km (589 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1092..

1982 March 24 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1344 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13110 . COSPAR: 1982-024A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1244..

1982 April 8 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1349 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13127 . COSPAR: 1982-030A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1153..

1982 June 18 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1380 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1982-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 13282 . COSPAR: 1982-061A. Apogee: 721 km (448 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 93.20 min. Upper stage failure. Was to have replaced Cosmos 1225..

1982 June 29 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1383 - . Payload: Nadezhda 11F643N s/n 514. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 13301 . COSPAR: 1982-066A. Apogee: 1,025 km (636 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Trials of experimental equipment for testing systems to determine the location of vessels and aircraft in distress..

1982 July 7 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1386 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13353 . COSPAR: 1982-069A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 948 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1225..

1982 October 12 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1413 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 11L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 13603 . COSPAR: 1982-100A. Apogee: 19,076 km (11,853 mi). Perigee: 19,062 km (11,844 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 673.30 min. Glonass test flight. Testing of the components and equipment of the space navigation system established in order to locate the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and its merchant and fishing vessels. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket. .

1982 October 19 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1417 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13617 . COSPAR: 1982-102A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1308..

1983 January 12 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1428 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13757 . COSPAR: 1983-001A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1333..

1983 March 24 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1447 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 13916 . COSPAR: 1983-021A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Carried COSPAS transponder; replaced Cosmos 1226. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; testing of systems for locating the position of ships and aircraft in difficulties (COSPAS-SARSAT system). .

1983 March 30 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1448 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13949 . COSPAR: 1983-023A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1344..

1983 May 6 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132?/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1459 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14057 . COSPAR: 1983-042A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 941 km (584 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1349..

1983 May 24 - . 02:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1464 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14084 . COSPAR: 1983-048A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1295..

1983 July 14 - . 10:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SGS-2.
  • Navstar 8 - . Payload: GPS SVN 8 / OPS 9794. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 14189 . COSPAR: 1983-072A. Apogee: 21,229 km (13,191 mi). Perigee: 20,757 km (12,897 mi). Inclination: 64.2000 deg. Period: 751.10 min. Global Positioning System..

1983 August 10 - . 18:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1490 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 12L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 14258 . COSPAR: 1983-084A. Apogee: 19,160 km (11,900 mi). Perigee: 19,100 km (11,800 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

    Glonass test flight. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet navy and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket.

  • Cosmos 1491 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 13L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 14259 . COSPAR: 1983-084B. Apogee: 19,028 km (11,823 mi). Perigee: 18,863 km (11,720 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 668.40 min.

    Glonass test flight. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet navy and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket.

  • Cosmos 1492 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 14260 . COSPAR: 1983-084C. Apogee: 19,159 km (11,904 mi). Perigee: 19,156 km (11,902 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 676.80 min.

    Glonass test flight. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet navy and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket.


1983 October 26 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1506 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 14450 . COSPAR: 1983-108A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1304..

1983 December 8 - . 06:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1513 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14546 . COSPAR: 1983-120A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1417..

1983 December 29 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1519 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 14L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 14590 . COSPAR: 1983-127A. Apogee: 19,150 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,108 km (11,873 mi). Inclination: 66.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet navy and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1520 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 15L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 14591 . COSPAR: 1983-127B. Apogee: 19,185 km (11,920 mi). Perigee: 19,075 km (11,852 mi). Inclination: 65.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet navy and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..

1984 January 11 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1531 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14624 . COSPAR: 1984-003A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 980 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1386..

1984 February 2 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1535 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14679 . COSPAR: 1984-010A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1428..

1984 May 11 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132?/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1550 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14965 . COSPAR: 1984-043A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Csmos 1535..

1984 May 17 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1553 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 14973 . COSPAR: 1984-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1383..

1984 May 19 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1554 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 16L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 14977 . COSPAR: 1984-047A. Apogee: 19,159 km (11,904 mi). Perigee: 19,101 km (11,868 mi). Inclination: 65.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1556 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 14979 . COSPAR: 1984-047C. Apogee: 19,161 km (11,906 mi). Perigee: 19,129 km (11,886 mi). Inclination: 65.5000 deg. Period: 676.30 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1555 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 17L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 14978 . COSPAR: 1984-047B. Apogee: 19,158 km (11,904 mi). Perigee: 19,100 km (11,800 mi). Inclination: 66.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1984 June 13 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SGS-2.
  • USA 1 - . Payload: GPS SVN 9. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 15039 . COSPAR: 1984-059A. Apogee: 21,194 km (13,169 mi). Perigee: 20,681 km (12,850 mi). Inclination: 64.2000 deg. Period: 748.80 min. Global Positioning System..

1984 June 21 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1574 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 15055 . COSPAR: 1984-062A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1339. Trials of experimental equipment for testing systems to determine the location of vessels and aircraft in distress..

1984 June 27 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1577 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15077 . COSPAR: 1984-067A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1464..

1984 September 4 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1593 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 18L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 15259 . COSPAR: 1984-095A. Apogee: 19,170 km (11,910 mi). Perigee: 19,090 km (11,860 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1595 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 15261 . COSPAR: 1984-095C. Apogee: 19,178 km (11,916 mi). Perigee: 19,079 km (11,855 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1594 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 19L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 15260 . COSPAR: 1984-095B. Apogee: 19,188 km (11,922 mi). Perigee: 19,145 km (11,896 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 677.20 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1984 September 8 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SGS-2.
  • USA 5 - . Payload: GPS SVN 10. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 15271 . COSPAR: 1984-097A. Apogee: 21,203 km (13,174 mi). Perigee: 20,612 km (12,807 mi). Inclination: 61.9000 deg. Period: 747.60 min. Global Positioning System..

1984 September 13 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1598 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15292 . COSPAR: 1984-100A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1550..

1984 October 11 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1605 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15359 . COSPAR: 1984-109A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1459..

1984 October 12 - . 01:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Nova 3 - . Mass: 165 kg (363 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 15362 . COSPAR: 1984-110A. Apogee: 1,200 km (700 mi). Perigee: 1,152 km (715 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Improved Transit. Pulsed plasma engine..

1984 November 15 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1610 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15398 . COSPAR: 1984-118A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1531..

1985 February 1 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1627 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15505 . COSPAR: 1985-011A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1448..

1985 March 14 - . 01:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1634 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15597 . COSPAR: 1985-022A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1513..

1985 May 17 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1650 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 20L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 15697 . COSPAR: 1985-037A. Apogee: 19,177 km (11,916 mi). Perigee: 19,081 km (11,856 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1652 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 15699 . COSPAR: 1985-037C. Apogee: 19,155 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,110 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.90 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1651 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 21L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 15698 . COSPAR: 1985-037B. Apogee: 19,143 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,111 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.60 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1985 May 30 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1655 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 15751 . COSPAR: 1985-041A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 976 km (606 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1447..

1985 August 3 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Transit O-24 - . Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 15935 . COSPAR: 1985-066A. Apogee: 1,254 km (779 mi). Perigee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 107.90 min. First operational Transits launched in 12 years due to reliability of original constellation. First paired Transit launch..
  • Transit O-30 - . Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 15936 . COSPAR: 1985-066B. Apogee: 1,255 km (779 mi). Perigee: 999 km (620 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 107.90 min.

1985 October 9 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SGS-2.
  • USA 10 - . Payload: GPS SVN 11. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 16129 . COSPAR: 1985-093A. Apogee: 21,673 km (13,466 mi). Perigee: 20,765 km (12,902 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 760.40 min. Global Positioning System..

1985 October 23 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Parus - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus.

1985 November 28 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1704 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16291 . COSPAR: 1985-110A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1598..

1985 December 19 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1709 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16368 . COSPAR: 1985-116A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1610..

1985 December 24 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1710 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 22L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 16396 . COSPAR: 1985-118A. Apogee: 19,146 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,112 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 66.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1711 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 23L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16397 . COSPAR: 1985-118B. Apogee: 19,150 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,108 km (11,873 mi). Inclination: 66.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1712 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16398 . COSPAR: 1985-118C. Apogee: 19,154 km (11,901 mi). Perigee: 19,135 km (11,889 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 676.30 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1986 January 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1725 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16493 . COSPAR: 1986-005A. Apogee: 1,002 km (622 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1577..

1986 January 23 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1727 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 16510 . COSPAR: 1986-008A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1506..

1986 May 23 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1745 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16727 . COSPAR: 1986-037A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1627..

1986 June 18 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1759 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16798 . COSPAR: 1986-047A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1634..

1986 September 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1778 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 24L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 16961 . COSPAR: 1986-071A. Apogee: 19,138 km (11,891 mi). Perigee: 19,121 km (11,881 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1779 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 25L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16962 . COSPAR: 1986-071B. Apogee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,125 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1780 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 26L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16963 . COSPAR: 1986-071C. Apogee: 19,147 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,112 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1986 November 13 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1791 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 17066 . COSPAR: 1986-086A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1553. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation..

1986 November 24 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1802 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17159 . COSPAR: 1986-093A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1605..

1986 December 17 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1808 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17239 . COSPAR: 1986-100A. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1704, Cosmos 1598..

1987 January 29 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1816 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 17359 . COSPAR: 1987-009A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1987 February 18 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1821 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17525 . COSPAR: 1987-017A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1987 April 24 - . 12:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. FAILURE: Block DM-2 failure, remained in LEO.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 1838 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 30L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . Decay Date: 1991-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 17902 . COSPAR: 1987-036A. Apogee: 10,401 km (6,462 mi). Perigee: 140 km (80 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 208.50 min. Glonass; upper stage failure; unusable orbit. Fourth stage failure .
  • Cosmos 1839 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 31L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. Decay Date: 1991-05-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 17903 . COSPAR: 1987-036B. Apogee: 9,694 km (6,023 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 199.10 min. Glonass; upper stage failure; unusable orbit. Fourth stage failure.
  • Cosmos 1840 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 32L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. Decay Date: 1991-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 17904 . COSPAR: 1987-036C. Apogee: 4,362 km (2,710 mi). Perigee: 125 km (77 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 132.80 min. Glonass; upper stage failure; unusable orbit. Fourth stage failure.

1987 June 23 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1861 - . Payload: Tsikada/RS-10/RS-11. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 18129 . COSPAR: 1987-054A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 981 km (609 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and shipping fleet anywhere at sea; facilitation of amateur radio communication and conduct of experiments for scientific and educational purposes. .

1987 July 6 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1864 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18160 . COSPAR: 1987-057A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1987 September 16 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1883 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 33L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 18355 . COSPAR: 1987-079A. Apogee: 19,141 km (11,893 mi). Perigee: 19,119 km (11,879 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1884 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 34L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 18356 . COSPAR: 1987-079B. Apogee: 19,157 km (11,903 mi). Perigee: 19,101 km (11,868 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1885 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 35L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 18357 . COSPAR: 1987-079C. Apogee: 19,156 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,101 km (11,868 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1987 September 16 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Transit O-27 - . Mass: 59 kg (130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 18361 . COSPAR: 1987-080A. Apogee: 1,174 km (729 mi). Perigee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Inclination: 90.3000 deg. Period: 107.20 min. Dual launch of operational Transits manufactured in the 1960's to replenish the constellation..
  • Transit O-29 - . Mass: 59 kg (130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 18362 . COSPAR: 1987-080B. Apogee: 1,177 km (731 mi). Perigee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Inclination: 90.3000 deg. Period: 107.20 min.

1987 October 14 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1891 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18402 . COSPAR: 1987-087A. Apogee: 1,026 km (637 mi). Perigee: 950 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1987 December 23 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1904 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18709 . COSPAR: 1987-106A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1988 February 17 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. FAILURE: Block DM-2 failure, remained in LEO.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 1917 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 38L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . Decay Date: 1988-02-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 18857 . COSPAR: 1988-009A. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi). Perigee: 134 km (83 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 87.30 min.

    Triple Glonass launch; three satellites (Cosmos 1917, 1918, 1919) failed to separate. A Proton carrier rocket was put into staging orbit to test components, also apparatus for a space navigation system. The satellites were not put into their designed orbit owing to a malfunction in the separation assembly controls.

  • Cosmos 1918 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 37L. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. COSPAR: 1988-009xx.
  • Cosmos 1919 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 36L. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. COSPAR: 1988-009xx.
  • Cosmos 1918 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 37L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. Decay Date: 1988-02-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 18857 . COSPAR: 1988-009B. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 87.90 min.

    Triple Glonass launch; three satellites (Cosmos 1917, 1918, 1919) failed to separate. A Proton carrier rocket was put into staging orbit to test components, also apparatus for a space navigation system. The satellites were not put into their designed orbit owing to a malfunction in the separation assembly controls.

  • Cosmos 1919 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 36L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. Decay Date: 1988-02-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 18857 . COSPAR: 1988-009C. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 87.90 min.

    Triple Glonass launch; three satellites (Cosmos 1917, 1918, 1919) failed to separate. A Proton carrier rocket was put into staging orbit to test components, also apparatus for a space navigation system. The satellites were not put into their designed orbit owing to a malfunction in the separation assembly controls.


1988 March 22 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1934 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18985 . COSPAR: 1988-023A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1988 April 26 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Transit O-23 - . Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 19070 . COSPAR: 1988-033A. Apogee: 1,301 km (808 mi). Perigee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Inclination: 90.4000 deg. Period: 108.50 min. Dual launch of operational Transits manufactured in the 1960's to replenish the constellation..
  • Transit O-32 - . Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 19071 . COSPAR: 1988-033B. Apogee: 1,298 km (806 mi). Perigee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Inclination: 90.4000 deg. Period: 108.50 min.

1988 May 21 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1946 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 39L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 19163 . COSPAR: 1988-043A. Apogee: 19,149 km (11,898 mi). Perigee: 19,109 km (11,873 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and systems for a space-based navigation system being constructed to track Soviet civil aircraft and naval and fishing vessels. .
  • Cosmos 1948 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 41L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 19165 . COSPAR: 1988-043C. Apogee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,127 km (11,884 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and systems for a space-based navigation system being constructed to track Soviet civil aircraft and naval and fishing vessels..
  • Cosmos 1947 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 40L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 19164 . COSPAR: 1988-043B. Apogee: 19,141 km (11,893 mi). Perigee: 19,117 km (11,878 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and systems for a space-based navigation system being constructed to track Soviet civil aircraft and naval and fishing vessels..

1988 June 16 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Nova 2 - . Mass: 174 kg (383 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 19223 . COSPAR: 1988-052A. Apogee: 1,198 km (744 mi). Perigee: 1,154 km (717 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Improved Transit. Pulsed plasma thruster.

1988 July 18 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1959 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 19324 . COSPAR: 1988-062A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1988 August 25 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Transit O-25 - . Mass: 59 kg (130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 19419 . COSPAR: 1988-074A. Apogee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Perigee: 1,032 km (641 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 107.30 min. Dual launch of operational Transits manufactured in the 1960's to replenish the constellation..
  • Transit O-31 - . Mass: 59 kg (130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 19420 . COSPAR: 1988-074B. Apogee: 1,174 km (729 mi). Perigee: 1,032 km (641 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 107.30 min.

1988 September 16 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1970 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 42L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 19501 . COSPAR: 1988-085A. Apogee: 19,150 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,110 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1972 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 43L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 19503 . COSPAR: 1988-085C. Apogee: 19,136 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,123 km (11,882 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1971 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 44L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 19502 . COSPAR: 1988-085B. Apogee: 19,157 km (11,903 mi). Perigee: 19,101 km (11,868 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1989 January 10 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1987 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 27L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 19749 . COSPAR: 1989-001A. Apogee: 19,141 km (11,893 mi). Perigee: 19,119 km (11,879 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1988 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 45L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 19750 . COSPAR: 1989-001B. Apogee: 19,147 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,111 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1989 February 14 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 35 - . Payload: GPS 2-1 / GPS SVN 14. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 19802 . COSPAR: 1989-013A. Apogee: 21,758 km (13,519 mi). Perigee: 21,480 km (13,340 mi). Inclination: 56.6000 deg. Period: 777.00 min. First launch of second generation / operational Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane E Slot 1 of the constellation. Suffered a shutdown of its onboard reaction wheels on March 26, 2000. Decommissioned on April 14, 2000 and replaced by GPS 2R-4..

1989 February 22 - . 03:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2004 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 19826 . COSPAR: 1989-017A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 970 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1989 April 4 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2016 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 19921 . COSPAR: 1989-028A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1989 May 31 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2022 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 28L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 20024 . COSPAR: 1989-039A. Apogee: 19,141 km (11,893 mi). Perigee: 19,119 km (11,879 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 2023 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 29L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 20025 . COSPAR: 1989-039B. Apogee: 19,169 km (11,911 mi). Perigee: 19,091 km (11,862 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1989 June 7 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2026 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20045 . COSPAR: 1989-042A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1989 June 10 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 38 - . Payload: GPS 2-2 / GPS SVN 13. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20061 . COSPAR: 1989-044A. Apogee: 20,514 km (12,746 mi). Perigee: 19,849 km (12,333 mi). Inclination: 54.8000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane B Slot 3..

1989 July 4 - . 15:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 1 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 20103 . COSPAR: 1989-050A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian maritime navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAS/SARSAT search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).


1989 July 25 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2034 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1989-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 20149 . COSPAR: 1989-059A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1989 August 18 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 42 - . Payload: GPS 2-3 / GPS SVN 16. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20185 . COSPAR: 1989-064A. Apogee: 21,576 km (13,406 mi). Perigee: 21,509 km (13,365 mi). Inclination: 56.4000 deg. Period: 773.80 min. Global Positioning System. Retired..

1989 October 21 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 47 - . Payload: GPS 2-4 / GPS SVN 19. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20302 . COSPAR: 1989-085A. Apogee: 21,236 km (13,195 mi). Perigee: 21,190 km (13,160 mi). Inclination: 53.3000 deg. Period: 760.20 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane A Slot 5..

1989 December 11 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 49 - . Payload: GPS 2-5 / GPS SVN 17. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20361 . COSPAR: 1989-097A. Apogee: 20,371 km (12,657 mi). Perigee: 19,992 km (12,422 mi). Inclination: 55.4000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane D Slot 3..

1990 January 24 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 50 - . Payload: GPS 2-6 / GPS SVN 18. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20452 . COSPAR: 1990-008A. Apogee: 21,226 km (13,189 mi). Perigee: 21,168 km (13,153 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 759.50 min. Global Positioning System. Retired..

1990 February 27 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 2 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 20508 . COSPAR: 1990-017A. Apogee: 1,018 km (632 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 14 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAR/SARSAT search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).


1990 March 20 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2061 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20527 . COSPAR: 1990-023A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1990 March 26 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 54 - . Payload: GPS 2-7 / GPS SVN 20. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20533 . COSPAR: 1990-025A. Apogee: 21,156 km (13,145 mi). Perigee: 20,960 km (13,020 mi). Inclination: 53.7000 deg. Period: 753.80 min. Global Positioning System. Declared unusable on 21 May 1996 at 22:42 following two uncommanded changes in frequency standards..

1990 April 20 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: LC133/3?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2074 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20577 . COSPAR: 1990-036A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation..

1990 May 19 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2079 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 46L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 20619 . COSPAR: 1990-045A. Apogee: 19,195 km (11,927 mi). Perigee: 19,062 km (11,844 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and vessels in its merchant marine and fishing fleet. .
  • Cosmos 2081 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 52L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 20621 . COSPAR: 1990-045C. Apogee: 19,164 km (11,907 mi). Perigee: 19,094 km (11,864 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and vessels in its merchant marine and fishing fleet..
  • Cosmos 2080 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 51L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 20620 . COSPAR: 1990-045B. Apogee: 19,145 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,113 km (11,876 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and vessels in its merchant marine and fishing fleet..

1990 August 2 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 63 - . Payload: GPS 2-8 / GPS SVN 21. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20724 . COSPAR: 1990-068A. Apogee: 20,468 km (12,718 mi). Perigee: 19,896 km (12,362 mi). Inclination: 54.7000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane E Slot 2..

1990 September 14 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2100 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20804 . COSPAR: 1990-083A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1990 October 1 - . 21:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925.
  • USA 64 - . Payload: GPS 2-9 / GPS SVN 15. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20830 . COSPAR: 1990-088A. Apogee: 20,363 km (12,652 mi). Perigee: 20,002 km (12,428 mi). Inclination: 55.4000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane D Slot 5..

1990 November 26 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 66 - . Payload: GPS 2A-10 / GPS SVN 23. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20959 . COSPAR: 1990-103A. Apogee: 20,384 km (12,666 mi). Perigee: 19,978 km (12,413 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane E Slot 5..

1990 December 8 - . 02:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2109 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 47L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 21006 . COSPAR: 1990-110A. Apogee: 19,271 km (11,974 mi). Perigee: 18,988 km (11,798 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 2111 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 49L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 21008 . COSPAR: 1990-110C. Apogee: 19,148 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,110 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 2110 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 48L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 21007 . COSPAR: 1990-110B. Apogee: 19,215 km (11,939 mi). Perigee: 19,045 km (11,833 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1991 February 5 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2123 - . Payload: Tsikada/RS-12/RS-13. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 21089 . COSPAR: 1991-007A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 13 of constellation. Testing of components and equipment of a space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and ships of the USSR merchant marine and fishing fleet at any point on the oceans and seas. Two amateur satellite transponders, RS12 and RS13, were secondary payloads on the Cosmos 2123 navigation satellite. These transponders were developed at the Kaluga Electromechanical Plant under the direction of Aleksander Papkov and were launched aboard several satellites by the USSR during 1978-1991.


1991 February 26 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2135 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21130 . COSPAR: 1991-013A. Apogee: 1,018 km (632 mi). Perigee: 923 km (573 mi). Inclination: 82.8000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced by Cosmos 2195. Reactivated in August 1993 after Cosmos 2195 failed..

1991 March 12 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 3 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 21152 . COSPAR: 1991-019A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 12 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAS search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).


1991 April 4 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2139 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 50L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 21216 . COSPAR: 1991-025A. Apogee: 19,160 km (11,900 mi). Perigee: 19,098 km (11,866 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and vessels in its merchant marine and fishing fleet. .
  • Cosmos 2141 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 54L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 21218 . COSPAR: 1991-025C. Apogee: 19,146 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,113 km (11,876 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and vessels in its merchant marine and fishing fleet..
  • Cosmos 2140 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 53L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 21217 . COSPAR: 1991-025B. Apogee: 19,161 km (11,906 mi). Perigee: 19,097 km (11,866 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and vessels in its merchant marine and fishing fleet..

1991 April 16 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2142 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21230 . COSPAR: 1991-029A. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 5 of constellation. Signals at 150.03 and 400.07 MHz..

1991 July 4 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 71 - . Payload: GPS 2A-11 / GPS SVN 24. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 21552 . COSPAR: 1991-047A. Apogee: 20,319 km (12,625 mi). Perigee: 20,043 km (12,454 mi). Inclination: 55.6000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane D Slot 1..

1991 August 22 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2154 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21666 . COSPAR: 1991-059A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1991 November 27 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2173 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21796 . COSPAR: 1991-081A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 946 km (587 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation..

1992 January 29 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2177 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 68L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 21853 . COSPAR: 1992-005A. Apogee: 19,146 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,112 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigational satellite. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet. .
  • Cosmos 2179 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 71L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 21855 . COSPAR: 1992-005C. Apogee: 19,140 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,120 km (11,880 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigational satellite. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet..
  • Cosmos 2178 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 69L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 21854 . COSPAR: 1992-005B. Apogee: 19,171 km (11,912 mi). Perigee: 19,087 km (11,860 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigational satellite. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet..

1992 February 17 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2180 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21875 . COSPAR: 1992-008A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 6 of constellation..

1992 February 23 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 79 - . Payload: GPS 2A-12 / GPS SVN 25. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 21890 . COSPAR: 1992-009A. Apogee: 20,332 km (12,633 mi). Perigee: 20,032 km (12,447 mi). Inclination: 54.2000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane A Slot 2..

1992 March 9 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2181 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 21902 . COSPAR: 1992-012A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 972 km (603 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Tsikada type spacecraft. Determination of the position of ships of the merchant marine and fishing fleet in the world's oceans and seas as part of the Tsikada space navigation system..

1992 April 10 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 80 - . Payload: GPS 2A-13 / GPS SVN 28. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 21930 . COSPAR: 1992-019A. Apogee: 20,277 km (12,599 mi). Perigee: 20,082 km (12,478 mi). Inclination: 54.5000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Global Positioning System. Retired 15 August 1997..

1992 April 15 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2184 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21937 . COSPAR: 1992-020A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation..

1992 July 1 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: LC133/3?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2195 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22006 . COSPAR: 1992-036A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation. Replaced Cosmos 2135. Failed after 12 months in orbit..

1992 July 7 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 83 - . Payload: GPS 2A-14 / GPS SVN 26. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22014 . COSPAR: 1992-039A. Apogee: 20,400 km (12,600 mi). Perigee: 19,962 km (12,403 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane F Slot 2..

1992 July 30 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2204 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 56L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 22056 . COSPAR: 1992-047A. Apogee: 19,148 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,110 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

    Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet. Constellation 3. Put into service on 30 July 1992 and taken out of service on 4 August 1997.

  • Cosmos 2205 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 72L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 22057 . COSPAR: 1992-047B. Apogee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,118 km (11,879 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet..
  • Cosmos 2206 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 74L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 22058 . COSPAR: 1992-047C. Apogee: 19,154 km (11,901 mi). Perigee: 19,106 km (11,871 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet..

1992 September 9 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 84 - . Payload: GPS 2A-15 / GPS SVN 27. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22108 . COSPAR: 1992-058A. Apogee: 20,453 km (12,708 mi). Perigee: 19,909 km (12,370 mi). Inclination: 54.5000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane A Slot 4..

1992 October 29 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2218 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22207 . COSPAR: 1992-073A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 3 of constellation..

1992 November 22 - . 23:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 85 - . Payload: GPS 2A-16 / GPS SVN 32. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22231 . COSPAR: 1992-079A. Apogee: 20,325 km (12,629 mi). Perigee: 20,038 km (12,451 mi). Inclination: 55.5000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane F Slot 4..

1992 December 18 - . 22:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 87 - . Payload: GPS 2A-17 / GPS SVN 29. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22275 . COSPAR: 1992-089A. Apogee: 20,324 km (12,628 mi). Perigee: 20,038 km (12,451 mi). Inclination: 54.7000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane F Slot 5..

1993 January 12 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2230 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 22307 . COSPAR: 1993-001A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. TSIKADA type spacecraft. Determination of the position of ships of the merchant marine and fishing fleet in the world's oceans and seas as part of the Tsikada space navigation system..

1993 February 3 - . 02:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 88 - . Payload: GPS 2A-18 / GPS SVN 22. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22446 . COSPAR: 1993-007A. Apogee: 20,359 km (12,650 mi). Perigee: 20,006 km (12,431 mi). Inclination: 54.8000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane Plane B Slot 1..

1993 February 9 - . 02:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2233 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22487 . COSPAR: 1993-008A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 5 of constellation. Replaced Cosmos 2142..

1993 February 17 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2234 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 73L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 22512 . COSPAR: 1993-010A. Apogee: 19,152 km (11,900 mi). Perigee: 19,106 km (11,871 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation spacecraft. Work on the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet. .
  • Cosmos 2235 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 59L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 22513 . COSPAR: 1993-010B. Apogee: 19,144 km (11,895 mi). Perigee: 19,115 km (11,877 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

    Glonass navigation spacecraft. Work on the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet. Constellation 1. Put into service on 25 August 1993 and taken out of service on 4 August 1997.

  • Cosmos 2236 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 57L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 22514 . COSPAR: 1993-010C. Apogee: 19,156 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,104 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

    Glonass navigation spacecraft. Work on the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet. Constellation 1. Put into service on 14 March 1993 and taken out of service on 23 August 1997.


1993 March 30 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 90 - . Payload: GPS 2A-19 / GPS SVN 31. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22581 . COSPAR: 1993-017A. Apogee: 20,293 km (12,609 mi). Perigee: 20,072 km (12,472 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane C Slot 3..

1993 April 1 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2239 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22590 . COSPAR: 1993-020A. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation. Replaced Cosmos 2173..

1993 May 13 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 91 - . Payload: GPS 2A-20 / GPS SVN 37. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22657 . COSPAR: 1993-032A. Apogee: 20,345 km (12,641 mi). Perigee: 20,017 km (12,437 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane C Slot 4..

1993 June 26 - . 13:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 92 - . Payload: GPS 2A-21 / GPS SVN 39. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22700 . COSPAR: 1993-042A. Apogee: 20,250 km (12,580 mi). Perigee: 20,112 km (12,496 mi). Inclination: 54.6000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane A Slot 1..

1993 August 30 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 94 - . Payload: GPS 2A-22 / GPS SVN 35. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22779 . COSPAR: 1993-054A. Apogee: 20,255 km (12,585 mi). Perigee: 20,110 km (12,490 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane B Slot 4..

1993 October 26 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 96 - . Payload: GPS 2A-23 / GPS SVN 34. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 22877 . COSPAR: 1993-068A. Apogee: 20,260 km (12,580 mi). Perigee: 20,104 km (12,492 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane D Slot 4..

1993 November 2 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2266 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22888 . COSPAR: 1993-070A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation. Signals at 149.97 and 399.92 MHz..

1994 March 10 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 100 - . Payload: GPS 2A-24 / GPS SVN 36. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 23027 . COSPAR: 1994-016A. Apogee: 20,366 km (12,654 mi). Perigee: 20,000 km (12,000 mi). Inclination: 53.9000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Final element of initial GPS constellation. Placed in Plane C Slot 1..

1994 April 11 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2275 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 58L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23043 . COSPAR: 1994-021A. Apogee: 19,143 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,117 km (11,878 mi). Inclination: 63.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigational satellite. .
  • Cosmos 2276 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 60L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23044 . COSPAR: 1994-021B. Apogee: 19,216 km (11,940 mi). Perigee: 19,044 km (11,833 mi). Inclination: 64.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigational satellite..
  • Cosmos 2277 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 61L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23045 . COSPAR: 1994-021C. Apogee: 19,157 km (11,903 mi). Perigee: 19,103 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigational satellite..

1994 April 26 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2279 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 23092 . COSPAR: 1994-024A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 6 of constellation..

1994 July 14 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 4 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 23179 . COSPAR: 1994-041A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9400 deg. Period: 104.68 min. Carried COSPAS/SARSAT search and rescue package. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 14 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..

1994 August 11 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2287 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 67L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23203 . COSPAR: 1994-050A. Apogee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,118 km (11,879 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite. .
  • Cosmos 2289 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 75L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23205 . COSPAR: 1994-050C. Apogee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,126 km (11,884 mi). Inclination: 64.8100 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Glonass navigation satellite..
  • Cosmos 2288 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 70L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23204 . COSPAR: 1994-050B. Apogee: 19,168 km (11,910 mi). Perigee: 19,091 km (11,862 mi). Inclination: 64.8100 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Glonass navigation satellite..

1994 November 20 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2294 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 62L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23396 . COSPAR: 1994-076A. Apogee: 19,203 km (11,932 mi). Perigee: 19,057 km (11,841 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite. .
  • Cosmos 2295 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 63L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23397 . COSPAR: 1994-076B. Apogee: 19,155 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,105 km (11,871 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite..
  • Cosmos 2296 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 64L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23398 . COSPAR: 1994-076C. Apogee: 19,138 km (11,891 mi). Perigee: 19,122 km (11,881 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite..

1995 January 24 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Tsikada - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 23463 . COSPAR: 1995-002A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 13 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150.00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..

1995 March 7 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2307 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 65L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23511 . COSPAR: 1995-009A. Apogee: 19,149 km (11,898 mi). Perigee: 19,110 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite. .
  • Cosmos 2308 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 66L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23512 . COSPAR: 1995-009B. Apogee: 19,145 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,115 km (11,877 mi). Inclination: 63.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite..
  • Cosmos 2309 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 77L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23513 . COSPAR: 1995-009C. Apogee: 19,165 km (11,908 mi). Perigee: 19,094 km (11,864 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 675.90 min. Glonass navigation satellite. Plane 2. Put into service 6 April 1995..

1995 March 22 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2310 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 23526 . COSPAR: 1995-012A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 980 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation..

1995 July 5 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2315 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 23603 . COSPAR: 1995-032A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 970 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Signals at 150.,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..

1995 July 24 - . 15:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2316 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 80L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23620 . COSPAR: 1995-037A. Apogee: 19,167 km (11,909 mi). Perigee: 19,093 km (11,863 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation spacecraft. Constellation 2. Put into service 26 August 1995. .
  • Cosmos 2318 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 85L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23622 . COSPAR: 1995-037C. Apogee: 19,206 km (11,934 mi). Perigee: 19,054 km (11,839 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation spacecraft. Constellation 2. Put into service 22 August 1995..
  • Cosmos 2317 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 81L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23621 . COSPAR: 1995-037B. Apogee: 19,171 km (11,912 mi). Perigee: 19,089 km (11,861 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation spacecraft. Constellation 2. Put into service 25 August 1995..

1995 October 6 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2321 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1997-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 23676 . COSPAR: 1995-052A. Apogee: 754 km (468 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 87.10 min. Second stage anomaly; failed to reach desired orbit; military navigation..

1995 December 14 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2323 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 76L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23734 . COSPAR: 1995-068A. Apogee: 19,165 km (11,908 mi). Perigee: 19,095 km (11,865 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite. Constellation 2. Put into service 18 January 1996. .
  • Cosmos 2324 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 78L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23735 . COSPAR: 1995-068B. Apogee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite. Constellation 2. Still in reserve as of August 1997..
  • Cosmos 2325 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 82L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23736 . COSPAR: 1995-068C. Apogee: 19,147 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,112 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite. Constellation 2. Put into service 18 January 1996..

1996 January 16 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2327 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 23773 . COSPAR: 1996-004A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 950 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation..

1996 March 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 117 - . Payload: GPS 2A-25 / GPS SVN 33. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 23833 . COSPAR: 1996-019A. Apogee: 20,257 km (12,587 mi). Perigee: 20,106 km (12,493 mi). Inclination: 54.6000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Placed in Plane C Slot 2 of the constellation..

1996 July 16 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 126 - . Payload: GPS 2A-26 / GPS SVN 40. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 23953 . COSPAR: 1996-041A. Apogee: 20,237 km (12,574 mi). Perigee: 20,127 km (12,506 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Placed in Plane E Slot 3 of the constellation..

1996 September 5 - . 12:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2334 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24304 . COSPAR: 1996-052A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation. Signals at 150.03 MHz and 400.08 MHz..

1996 September 12 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 128 - . Payload: GPS 2A-27 / GPS SVN 30. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 24320 . COSPAR: 1996-056A. Apogee: 20,320 km (12,620 mi). Perigee: 20,042 km (12,453 mi). Inclination: 54.7000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Placed in Plane B Slot 2 of the constellation..

1996 December 20 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2336 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24677 . COSPAR: 1996-071A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 979 km (608 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation. Signals at 149.97 and 399.92 MHz..

1997 January 17 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925. FAILURE: T+12 sec GEM strap-on number 2 structural failure.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • GPS 42 - . Payload: GPS 2R-1 / GPS SVN 42. Mass: 2,030 kg (4,470 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: MDSSC. Manufacturer: Valley Forge. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. Destroyed in launch vehicle failure..

1997 April 17 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2341 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24772 . COSPAR: 1997-017A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 977 km (607 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation. Signals at 149.91 and 399.76 MHz..

1997 July 23 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 132 - . Payload: GPS 2R-2 / GPS SVN 43. Mass: 2,030 kg (4,470 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Valley Forge. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 24876 . COSPAR: 1997-035A. Apogee: 20,235 km (12,573 mi). Perigee: 20,132 km (12,509 mi). Inclination: 55.8000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Placed in Plane F Slot 3 of the constellation..

1997 September 23 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2346 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24953 . COSPAR: 1997-052A. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Military navigation satellite..

1997 November 6 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 134 - . Payload: GPS 2A-28 / GPS SVN 38. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 25030 . COSPAR: 1997-067A. Apogee: 20,394 km (12,672 mi). Perigee: 19,970 km (12,400 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Final GPS Block 2A satellite. Placed in Plane A Slot 3..

1998 December 10 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 5 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 25567 . COSPAR: 1998-072A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 974 km (605 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.

1998 December 24 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2361 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 25590 . COSPAR: 1998-076A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. A Parus navigation satellite in the same orbital plane as Cosmos 2233..

1998 December 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2362 - . Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 25593 . COSPAR: 1998-077A. Apogee: 19,177 km (11,916 mi). Perigee: 19,082 km (11,856 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2364 - . Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 25595 . COSPAR: 1998-077C. Apogee: 19,135 km (11,889 mi). Perigee: 19,125 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2363 - . Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 25594 . COSPAR: 1998-077B. Apogee: 19,163 km (11,907 mi). Perigee: 19,097 km (11,866 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

1999 August 26 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2366 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 25892 . COSPAR: 1999-045A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

1999 October 7 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 145 - . Payload: GPS 2R-3 / GPS SVN 46. Mass: 2,030 kg (4,470 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Valley Forge. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 25933 . COSPAR: 1999-055A. Apogee: 20,202 km (12,552 mi). Perigee: 20,163 km (12,528 mi). Inclination: 52.6000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Third GPS Block 2R satellite. SVN 46 replaced SVN 50 which had been damaged by rain on Pad 17 earlier while being prepared for launch earlier in the year. Placed in Plane D Slot 2..

2000 May 11 - . 01:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 150 - . Payload: GPS 2R-4 / GPS SVN 51. Mass: 2,030 kg (4,470 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 26360 . COSPAR: 2000-025A. Apogee: 20,235 km (12,573 mi). Perigee: 20,127 km (12,506 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Placed into an elliptical transfer orbit. The satellite's Thiokol Star 37 apogee motor was used to circularise the orbit at 20,000 km in Plane E Slot 1 of the constellation, replacing GPS GPS 2-1..

2000 June 28 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 26384 . COSPAR: 2000-033A. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 686 km (426 mi). Inclination: 98.1366 deg. Period: 98.66 min. Nadezhda navigation/search and rescue satellite. This represented the first sun-synchronous launch from Plesetsk..

2000 July 16 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 151 - . Payload: GPS 2R-5 / GPS SVN 44. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 26407 . COSPAR: 2000-040A. Apogee: 20,650 km (12,830 mi). Perigee: 19,715 km (12,250 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning satellite, placed in Plane B Slot 5. Launch delayed from June 15 and the June 21..

2000 October 13 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2374 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 83. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26564 . COSPAR: 2000-063A. Apogee: 19,136 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,124 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

    Three navigation satellites for the GLONASS system were launched by a single Proton-K/Blok DM-2 upper stage into an initial 160 km x 64.8 deg parking orbit. The Blok DM-2 made two burns to maneuver into a 19120 x 19120 km x 64.8 deg orbit and deployed the three satellites about four hours after launch.

  • Cosmos 2375 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 87. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26565 . COSPAR: 2000-063B. Apogee: 19,136 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,124 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2376 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 88. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26566 . COSPAR: 2000-063C. Apogee: 19,278 km (11,978 mi). Perigee: 18,982 km (11,794 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2000 October 30 - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou 1A - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 26599 . COSPAR: 2000-069A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 2.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    China's first navigation satellite, developed by CAST/Beijing. The satellite, the first in the Beidou-1 constellation, was placed in an initial 195 x 41889 km x 25.0 deg orbit geostationary transfer orbit before entering its final geosynchornous orbit at around 05:00 GMT on November 6. Stationed at 140 deg E, still maintaining its position within 0.1 deg as of 2007. No longer in use as of 2009.


2000 November 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 154 - . Payload: GPS 2R-6 / GPS SVN 41. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 26605 . COSPAR: 2000-071A. Apogee: 20,244 km (12,579 mi). Perigee: 20,118 km (12,500 mi). Inclination: 55.5000 deg. Period: 717.90 min.

    The Delta stage 2 entered a 153 x 418 km x 37 deg parking orbit followed by a 172 x 1144 km second orbit; the PAM-D solid upper stage then fired to give SVN 41 a 20457 km apogee. The Thiokol Star 37FM solid kick motor was fired prior to November 13 to place the spacecraft in its final circular 20,000 km orbit. Placed in Plane F Slot 1 of the GPS constellation.


2000 December 20 - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou 1B - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 26643 . COSPAR: 2000-082A. Apogee: 35,821 km (22,258 mi). Perigee: 35,753 km (22,215 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Second Beidou-1 geosynchronous navigation satellite. The CZ-3A rocket's third stage put Beidou in geostationary transfer orbit at around 16:42 GMT. The Beidou satellite was based on the DFH-3 comsat and had a mass of around 2200 kg including its FY-25 solid apogee motor. On December 25 Beidou was in a 190 x 41870 km x 25.0 deg transfer orbit. The launch of this second Beidou completed the prototype two-satellite navigational system which was to provide positional information for highway, railway and marine transportation. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 80 deg E, still maintaining its position within 0.1 deg as of 2007. Retired after launch of the Beidou-2 geosynchronous satellites in 2010.


2001 January 30 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 156 - . Payload: GPS 2R-7 / GPS SVN 54. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 26690 . COSPAR: 2001-004A. Apogee: 20,208 km (12,556 mi). Perigee: 20,157 km (12,524 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. GPS Block IIR production no. SV 14. Placed in Plane E Slot 4 of the constellation..

2001 June 8 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2378 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 26818 . COSPAR: 2001-023A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Launch delayed from April 26/27. Parus class navigation satellite, placed initially in a 150 x 1000 km transfer orbit; the second stage of the Kosmos-3M ignited again for a short 11 second burn to put the satellite in its final orbit. This was the first Kosmos-3M flight since a failure in November 2000.


2001 December 1 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2380 - . Payload: Glonass 790. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26987 . COSPAR: 2001-053A. Apogee: 19,146 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,114 km (11,876 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Three navigation satellites of the GLONASS system were launched to replenish the constellation. This was the second end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000..
  • Cosmos 2382 - . Payload: Glonass-M 711. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26989 . COSPAR: 2001-053C. Apogee: 19,156 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,104 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. First launch of the Uragan-M improved model GLONASS satellite..
  • Cosmos 2381 - . Payload: Glonass 789. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26988 . COSPAR: 2001-053B. Apogee: 19,185 km (11,920 mi). Perigee: 19,074 km (11,852 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2002 May 28 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2389 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 27436 . COSPAR: 2002-026A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    The Kosmos-3M rocket entered a transfer orbit of about 150 x 1000 km x 83 deg at about 1823 UTC; a second burn at apogee around 1905 UTC circularized the orbit at 950 x 1016 km. The Parus navigation satellite was placed in Plane 4, probably replacing Cosmos 2336; it was between the planes of Cosmos 2366 and Cosmos 2361.


2002 September 26 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda-M - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 27534 . COSPAR: 2002-046A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 82.9341 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Nadezhda 7, also called Nadezhda -M, was a Russian navigational satellite. It was to participate in the international search and rescue (SAR) network known as COSPAS-SARSAT, for ships at sea..

2002 December 25 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M.
  • Cosmos 2394 - . Payload: Glonass. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 27617 . COSPAR: 2002-060A. Apogee: 19,136 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,124 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Three navigation satellites of the GLONASS system were launched to replenish the constellation. This was the third end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000..
  • Cosmos 2395 - . Payload: Glonass. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 27618 . COSPAR: 2002-060B. Apogee: 19,335 km (12,014 mi). Perigee: 19,130 km (11,880 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 679.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2396 - . Payload: Glonass-M. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 27619 . COSPAR: 2002-060C. Apogee: 19,135 km (11,889 mi). Perigee: 18,915 km (11,753 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 671.60 min.

2003 January 29 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 166 - . Payload: GPS 2R-8 / Navstar 51. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 27663 . COSPAR: 2003-005A. Apogee: 20,352 km (12,646 mi). Perigee: 20,163 km (12,528 mi). Inclination: 55.0570 deg. Period: 720.74 min. Launch delayed from June 11 and August 16, 2001; March 6, April 29, August 11 and November 7, 2002..

2003 March 31 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 168 - . Payload: GPS 2R-9 / Navstar 52. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 27704 . COSPAR: 2003-010A. Apogee: 20,376 km (12,661 mi). Perigee: 19,985 km (12,418 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Delayed from May 16, July 25, November 14, 2002, and February 6, 2003. Timely replenishment of GPS constellation..

2003 May 24 - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou 2A - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27813 . COSPAR: 2003-021A. Apogee: 35,836 km (22,267 mi). Perigee: 35,760 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.70 min.

    Navigation satellite, joined Beidou 1A and 1B launched in December 2000. This third satellite was considered a back-up element, Positioned at 110 deg E, still maintaining its position within 0.1 deg as of 2007. Retired after launch of the Beidou-2 geosynchronous satellites in 2010.


2003 June 4 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2398 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 27818 . COSPAR: 2003-023A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 970 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.

2003 December 10 - . 17:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz K/M.
  • Cosmos 2402 - . Payload: Glonass 794. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28112 . COSPAR: 2003-056A. Apogee: 19,314 km (12,001 mi). Perigee: 19,018 km (11,817 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 677.20 min. Three navigation satellites of the GLONASS system were launched to replenish the constellation. This was the fourth end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000..
  • Cosmos 2403 - . Payload: Glonass 795. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28113 . COSPAR: 2003-056B. Apogee: 19,102 km (11,869 mi). Perigee: 18,963 km (11,783 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 671.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2404 - . Payload: Glonass-M 701. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28114 . COSPAR: 2003-056C. Apogee: 19,104 km (11,870 mi). Perigee: 18,961 km (11,781 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 671.90 min. Improved version of the Glonass satellite..

2003 December 21 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 175 - . Payload: GPS 2R-10 / Navstar 53 / GPS SVN 47. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28129 . COSPAR: 2003-058A. Apogee: 20,328 km (12,631 mi). Perigee: 19,963 km (12,404 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 716.50 min. Tenth Navstar Block IIR (R = replenishment) launch..

2004 March 20 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 177 - . Payload: GPS 2R-11 / Navstar 54. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28190 . COSPAR: 2004-009A. Apogee: 20,268 km (12,593 mi). Perigee: 20,100 km (12,400 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Launch delayed from December 19, 2003, March 8, 2004..

2004 June 23 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 178 - . Payload: GPS 2R-12 / Navstar 55. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28361 . COSPAR: 2004-023A. Apogee: 20,273 km (12,597 mi). Perigee: 20,090 km (12,480 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Delayed from February 17. Delayed from June 5, 11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20 and 21. Moved up from July 20..

2004 July 22 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2407 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28380 . COSPAR: 2004-028A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min.

2004 November 6 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 180 - . Payload: GPS 2R-13 / Navstar 61. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28474 . COSPAR: 2004-045A. Apogee: 20,413 km (12,684 mi). Perigee: 19,810 km (12,300 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 715.10 min. Launch delayed from September 22, October 8, 25 and 30, November 5. Fired its apogee motor at around 02:40 GMT on November 9 to transfer from its initial 159 x 20380 km x 39.1 deg transfer orbit to its operational orbit in the GPS constellation..

2004 December 26 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2411 - . Payload: Glonass 796. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28508 . COSPAR: 2004-053A. Apogee: 19,149 km (11,898 mi). Perigee: 19,141 km (11,893 mi). Inclination: 64.8500 deg. Period: 676.05 min. Three Russian navigation satellites orbited in a single launch. Two of the satellites (s/n 796 and 797) were standard Uragan satellites, while s/n 712 had an uprated Glonass-M payload. This was the fifth end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000..
  • Cosmos 2412 - . Payload: Glonass 797. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28509 . COSPAR: 2004-053B. Apogee: 19,148 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,143 km (11,894 mi). Inclination: 64.8500 deg. Period: 676.05 min.
  • Cosmos 2413 - . Payload: Glonass-M 712. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28510 . COSPAR: 2004-053C. Apogee: 19,148 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Inclination: 64.8500 deg. Period: 676.05 min.

2005 January 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2414 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28521 . COSPAR: 2005-002A. Apogee: 968 km (601 mi). Perigee: 908 km (564 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation, replacement for Cosmos 2239?.

2005 September 26 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 183 - . Payload: GPS 2R-14M / Navstar 57. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28874 . COSPAR: 2005-038A. Apogee: 20,187 km (12,543 mi). Perigee: 20,006 km (12,431 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 714.50 min.

    Delayed from December 2004; February 1, March 17, 2005. Moved up from May 20 2005. Then delayed from May 4, July 29, August 26, September 22, 2005. Became operational at 23:30 GMT on 16 December. First GPS Block IIR-M version, which added extra navigation signals for both civil and military users. The NASA-funded L2C tracking demonstration was managed by JPL and explored the use of a new Civilian code signal (L2C). The data was collected with Trimble NetRS receivers L2C-enabled firmware. The sites were globally distributed: South Africa, Norway, Antarctica, Hawaii, and Alaska.


2005 December 25 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2417 - . Payload: Glonass 798. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28915 . COSPAR: 2005-050A. Apogee: 19,171 km (11,912 mi). Perigee: 19,089 km (11,861 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

    The Block D upper stage delivered three GLONASS navigation satellites into their planned orbits at 08:39 GMT. These satellites were placed in GLONASS orbit plane 3. The satellites had an extended seven-year service life compared to earlier models. This was the sixth end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000. When operational they brought the total of operational GLONASS SVs in orbit to 16. The launch was part of a Russian government-funded program to replenish and expand the Glonass constellation to at least 18 operating satellites satellites by 2007 (compared to 14 satellites at the end of 2005). In 2006 launch of a new Glonass satellite design with a ten-year service was planned.

  • Cosmos 2418 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 713. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28916 . COSPAR: 2005-050B. Apogee: 19,172 km (11,912 mi). Perigee: 19,087 km (11,860 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2419 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 714. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28917 . COSPAR: 2005-050C. Apogee: 19,165 km (11,908 mi). Perigee: 19,094 km (11,864 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2005 December 28 - . 05:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Giove-A - . Payload: GSTB-V2/A / Heavily modified Surrey MiniSat-400. Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-900. USAF Sat Cat: 28922 . COSPAR: 2005-051A. Apogee: 23,360 km (14,510 mi). Perigee: 23,314 km (14,486 mi). Inclination: 56.2000 deg. Period: 849.60 min.

    Delayed from September, October, December 26. Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, a prototype for the Galileo European navigation satellite network. Giove carried carried two rubidium atomic clocks and a large L-band phased array antenna. Retired in 2012 as the production models went on-line.


2006 September 25 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 190 - . Payload: GPS 2R-15M / Navstar 52. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Seal Beach. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 29486 . COSPAR: 2006-042A. Apogee: 20,342 km (12,639 mi). Perigee: 20,020 km (12,430 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Second GPS Block IIR-M version, which added extra navigation signals for both civil and military users..

2006 November 17 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 192 - . Payload: GPS 2R-16M / Navstar 59. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 29601 . COSPAR: 2006-052A. Apogee: 20,367 km (12,655 mi). Range: 55 km (34 mi). Perigee: 20,206 km (12,555 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 722.20 min. Set operational at 03:07 GMT on 12 December..

2006 December 24 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2424 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 715. Mass: 2,480 kg (5,460 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 29672 . COSPAR: 2006-062C. Apogee: 19,176 km (11,915 mi). Perigee: 19,083 km (11,857 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

    Three Glonass satellites are lofted in a single launch in support of restoring the Glonass navigation satellite constellation to full military and commercial functionality. They were placed in Glonass orbit plane 2, beginning its population. At the time of launch the constellation consisted of 11 operational spacecraft, and five more on-orbit spares. A fully operational constellation would consist of 24 satellites - eight in each of three orbital planes. Only two planes were populated by 2006 - the full complement of 24 satellites was not to be reached until 2009. This was the first launch to repopulate plane 2; planes 1 and 3 had satellites operational.

  • Cosmos 2425 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 716. Mass: 2,480 kg (5,460 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 29670 . COSPAR: 2006-062A. Apogee: 19,187 km (11,922 mi). Perigee: 19,073 km (11,851 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2426 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 717. Mass: 2,480 kg (5,460 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 29671 . COSPAR: 2006-062B. Apogee: 19,183 km (11,919 mi). Perigee: 19,077 km (11,853 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2007 February 2 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou 1D - . Payload: DFH-3A. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 30323 . COSPAR: 2007-003A. Apogee: 36,248 km (22,523 mi). Perigee: 35,326 km (21,950 mi). Inclination: 6.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Navigation satellite. It did not reach geostationary orbit until early April following deployment problems with its solar panels and reports of US detection of a debris cloud at the time of the original expected apogee firing. As of 2010 reported to have suffered a control failure.


2007 April 12 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou M1 - . Payload: Beidou DW5. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 31115 . COSPAR: 2007-011A. Apogee: 21,544 km (13,386 mi). Perigee: 21,519 km (13,371 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 773.40 min. The fifth Beidou satellite, but the first in the 12-hour, 55 deg inclination MEO portion of the constellation. Tested frequencies and equipment for later operational MEO component of the Beidou-2 constellation..

2007 September 11 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2429 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 32052 . COSPAR: 2007-038A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite. Replenishment launch for Russian navigation satellite constellation. Six satellites were needed to maintain minimum operational capability..

2007 October 17 - . 12:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 196 - . Payload: GPS 2R-17M / Navstar 55. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 32260 . COSPAR: 2007-047A. Apogee: 20,213 km (12,559 mi). Perigee: 20,149 km (12,519 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Set operational at 22:46 GMT on 31 October..

2007 October 26 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2431 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 718. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 32275 . COSPAR: 2007-052A. Apogee: 19,130 km (11,880 mi). Perigee: 19,128 km (11,885 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Three Uragan-M satellites were launched to replenish the Glonass navigation system, placed in GLONASS orbit plane 3. Cosmos 2431 set to operational on 4 December; plane/slot 3/17, frequency channel -1.
  • Cosmos 2432 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 719. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 32276 . COSPAR: 2007-052B. Apogee: 19,135 km (11,889 mi). Perigee: 19,121 km (11,881 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Set to operational; plane/slot 3/20, frequency channel 2 on 27 November..
  • Cosmos 2433 - . Payload: Glonass-M s/n 720. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 32277 . COSPAR: 2007-052C. Apogee: 19,135 km (11,889 mi). Perigee: 19,121 km (11,881 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Set to operational; plane/slot 3/19, frequency channel 3 on 25 November..

2007 December 20 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 199 - . Payload: GPS 2R-5M / Navstar 61. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 32384 . COSPAR: 2007-062A. Apogee: 20,283 km (12,603 mi). Perigee: 20,082 km (12,478 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Fifth GPS SV with L2C capability..

2007 December 25 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2435 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 21. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 32394 . COSPAR: 2007-065B. Apogee: 19,179 km (11,917 mi). Perigee: 19,081 km (11,856 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2436 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 22. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 32395 . COSPAR: 2007-065C. Apogee: 19,150 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,100 km (11,800 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2437 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 23. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 32393 . COSPAR: 2007-065A. Apogee: 19,137 km (11,891 mi). Perigee: 19,123 km (11,882 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Three GLONASS-M satellites lofted in a single launch - inserted in GLONASS orbit plane 2. This was the second launch to populate this plane..

2008 March 15 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 201 - . Payload: GPS 2R-19M / Navstar 62 / SVN 48. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 32711 . COSPAR: 2008-012A. Apogee: 20,223 km (12,565 mi). Perigee: 20,142 km (12,515 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 718.00 min.

    The Delta's second stage first cutoff at 06:20 GMT put the stage and payload into a 174 km x 205 km parking orbit. The stage fired again to place the satellite into a 188 km x 20325 km x 40.0 deg transfer orbit. USA 201 fired its apogee motor at 09:21 GMT on 17 March in and placed itself into its operational final orbit.


2008 April 26 - . 22:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Giove-B - . Payload: GSTB-V2/B. Mass: 530 kg (1,160 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Starsem. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-900. USAF Sat Cat: 32781 . COSPAR: 2008-020A. Apogee: 23,244 km (14,443 mi). Perigee: 23,104 km (14,356 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 842.60 min.

    Second European Galileo navigation system test satellite. The booster placed the Giove/Fregat stack on a suborbital trajectory. The Fregat stage then burned to enter a a 170 km parking orbit. The stage burned at least twice more before releasing the satellite into its operational orbit. Retired in 2012 as the production models went on-line.


2008 September 25 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2442 - . Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 33378 . COSPAR: 2008-046A. Apogee: 19,144 km (11,895 mi). Perigee: 19,089 km (11,861 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.20 min. Continued replenishment of Glonass navigation satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2443 - . Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 33379 . COSPAR: 2008-046B. Apogee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,136 km (11,890 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 676.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2444 - . Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 33380 . COSPAR: 2008-046C. Apogee: 19,145 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,132 km (11,888 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 676.10 min.

2008 December 25 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2447 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 727. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 33466 . COSPAR: 2008-067A. Apogee: 19,139 km (11,892 mi). Perigee: 19,121 km (11,881 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Three Glonass satellites launched as part of a continuing effort to reconstitute the full Russian navigation satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2449 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 729. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 33467 . COSPAR: 2008-067B. Apogee: 19,138 km (11,891 mi). Perigee: 19,117 km (11,878 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.60 min.
  • Cosmos 2448 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 728. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 33468 . COSPAR: 2008-067C. Apogee: 19,143 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,117 km (11,878 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2009 March 24 - . 08:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 203 - . Payload: Navstar 63 / GPS SVN 49. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 34661 . COSPAR: 2009-014A. Apogee: 20,272 km (12,596 mi). Perigee: 20,093 km (12,485 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Carried the first civil L5 signal..

2009 April 14 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G2 - . Payload: Beidou DW2. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 34779 . COSPAR: 2009-018A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. First launch of the geostationary component of the Beidou-2 navigation satellite constellation. Experienced control problems; as of 2010 not in the operational constellation..

2009 July 21 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2454 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 35635 . COSPAR: 2009-039A. Apogee: 944 km (586 mi). Perigee: 918 km (570 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.

2009 August 17 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 206 - . Payload: Navstar 64 / GPS SVN 50. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 35752 . COSPAR: 2009-043A. Apogee: 20,228 km (12,569 mi). Perigee: 20,138 km (12,513 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Last launch from LC17A. Final Block IIR-M Global Positioning System satellite..

2009 December 14 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2456 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 730. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36111 . COSPAR: 2009-070A. Apogee: 19,132 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,129 km (11,886 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.80 min. Annual replenishment of GLONASS satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2457 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 733. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36112 . COSPAR: 2009-070B. Apogee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,128 km (11,885 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2458 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 734. Mass: 1,370 kg (3,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36113 . COSPAR: 2009-070C. Apogee: 19,128 km (11,885 mi). Perigee: 18,991 km (11,800 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 672.90 min.

2010 January 16 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G1 - . Payload: Beidou DW3. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 36287 . COSPAR: 2010-001A. Apogee: 35,972 km (22,351 mi). Perigee: 35,600 km (22,100 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. First successful launch in the geostationary component of the Beidou-2 navigation satellite constellation. Stationed at 144.5 deg E..

2010 March 1 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2459 - . Payload: Uragan-M 24. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36400 . COSPAR: 2010-007A. Apogee: 19,217 km (11,940 mi). Perigee: 19,043 km (11,832 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2461 - . Payload: Uragan-M 26. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36401 . COSPAR: 2010-007B. Apogee: 19,137 km (11,891 mi). Perigee: 19,123 km (11,882 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2460 - . Payload: Uragan-M 25. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36402 . COSPAR: 2010-007C. Apogee: 19,136 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,124 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2010 April 27 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2463 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 36519 . COSPAR: 2010-017A. Apogee: 1,023 km (635 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.

2010 May 28 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 213 - . Payload: Navstar 65 / GPS SVN 62 / IIF-1 / Polaris. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Boeing. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 36585 . COSPAR: 2010-022A. Apogee: 20,225 km (12,567 mi). Perigee: 20,188 km (12,544 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 719.00 min.

    First Block IIF Global Positioning System satellite. Supported the L1M and L2M military GPS channels, the L2C civilian channel and a new L5 civilian channel. Also included a nuclear explosion detection system. The IIF system replaces earlier Block I, Block II, and IIA series built by Rockwell/Seal Beach (now part of Boeing) and Block IIR satellites built by Lockheed Martin/Valley Forge.


2010 June 2 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G3 - . Payload: Beidou DW4. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 36590 . COSPAR: 2010-024A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Second successful launch in the geostationary component of the Beidou-2 navigation satellite constellation. Stationed at 84 deg E..

2010 July 12 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Aissat 1 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: Norway. Agency: ISRO. Program: AIS. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Toronto GNB. USAF Sat Cat: 36797 . COSPAR: 2010-035C. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 620 km (380 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Satellite-based Automatic Identification System (AIS) payload to track maritime assets worldwide (all vessels over 300 metric tons are equipped with AIS transponders)..

2010 July 31 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou IGS 1 - . Payload: Beidou DW5. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-IGSO. USAF Sat Cat: 36828 . COSPAR: 2010-036A. Apogee: 35,901 km (22,307 mi). Perigee: 35,680 km (22,170 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. First satellite placed in the Beidou-2 inclined geosynchronous orbit constellation; placed in Plane 1 at 118 deg E..

2010 September 2 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2466 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 738. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37137 . COSPAR: 2010-041A. Apogee: 19,184 km (11,920 mi). Perigee: 19,076 km (11,853 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2465 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 737. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37138 . COSPAR: 2010-041B. Apogee: 19,221 km (11,943 mi). Perigee: 19,038 km (11,829 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2464 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 736. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37139 . COSPAR: 2010-041C. Apogee: 19,181 km (11,918 mi). Perigee: 19,078 km (11,854 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Replenishment of Glonass navigation satellite constellation..

2010 September 11 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Michibiki - . Payload: QZS-1. Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: DS2000. USAF Sat Cat: 37158 . COSPAR: 2010-045A. Apogee: 38,944 km (24,198 mi). Perigee: 32,632 km (20,276 mi). Inclination: 40.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    Quasi-Zenith Satellite System; carried an L-band navigation package to augment GPS and a C-band transponder for communications. Placed in an inclined geosynchronous orbit that brings nearly overhead of Japan at peak usage hours, providing a better navigation and communications signal to users which normally would have equatorial geosynchronous satellite and medium-earth-orbit navigation satellite signals interfered with by tall buildings or steep canyons.


2010 October 31 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G4 - . Payload: Beidou DW6. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 37210 . COSPAR: 2010-057A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 1.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Third successful launch in the geostationary component of the Beidou-2 navigation satellite constellation. Stationed at 160 deg E. These three launches in one year completed that portion of the constellation..

2010 December 6 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-3. FAILURE: Block DM-3 upper stage was loaded with 1500 kg excess liquid oxygen in error. This caused a 100 m/s shortfall in the third stage burn into parking orbit. The upper stages and payload reentered over the Pacific.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Glonass-M - . Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. The launch was to have allowed the Glonass communications network to receive full operational status after a multi-year replenishment effort. The failure led to several high-level sackings..
  • Glonass-M - . Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass.
  • Glonass-M - . Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass.

2010 December 17 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou IGS 2 - . Payload: Beidou DW7. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-IGSO. USAF Sat Cat: 37256 . COSPAR: 2010-068A. Apogee: 35,857 km (22,280 mi). Perigee: 35,722 km (22,196 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Second satellite placed in the Beidou-2 inclined geosynchronous orbit constellation; placed in Plane 1 at 118 deg E..

2011 February 26 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2471 - . Payload: Glonass-K No. 11. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 37372 . COSPAR: 2011-009A. Apogee: 19,147 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,111 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. First launch of the Glonass-K satellite using the Ekspress-1000 bus. The second would not come until 2014..

2011 April 9 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou IGS 3 - . Payload: Beidou DW8. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-IGSO. USAF Sat Cat: 37384 . COSPAR: 2011-013A. Apogee: 35,874 km (22,291 mi). Perigee: 35,696 km (22,180 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Third satellite placed in the Beidou-2 inclined geosynchronous orbit constellation; placed in Plane 1 at 118 deg E. This completed population of the first plane of the IGSO component..

2011 July 16 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 232 - . Payload: Navstar 66 / GPS SVN 63 / IIF-2 / Sirius. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Boeing. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 37753 . COSPAR: 2011-036A. Apogee: 20,188 km (12,544 mi). Perigee: 20,177 km (12,537 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Second Block IIF Global Positioning System satellite..

2011 July 26 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou IGS 4 - . Payload: Beidou DW9. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-IGSO. USAF Sat Cat: 37763 . COSPAR: 2011-038A. Apogee: 35,864 km (22,284 mi). Perigee: 35,698 km (22,181 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 1,435.80 min. Fourth satellite placed in the Beidou-2 inclined geosynchronous orbit constellation; placed in Plane 2 at 95 deg E..

2011 October 2 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2474 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 42 / Uragan-M sn 742. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37829 . COSPAR: 2011-055A. Apogee: 19,156 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,104 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass-M navigation satellite. The Fregat upper stage maneuvered from a 60 km x 220 km orbit on release from the Soyuz third stage; then to 220 km x 220 km, 250 km x 19,100 km and then to the deployment orbit of 19,235 km x 19,667 km x 64.8 deg..

2011 October 21 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-1 - . Payload: Galileo-PFM / Thijs. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37846 . COSPAR: 2011-060A. Apogee: 23,307 km (14,482 mi). Perigee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Inclination: 54.7000 deg. Period: 846.80 min. First Galileo navigation satellites launched to establish an autonomous European navigation satellite constellation. First Soyuz booster launch from the new Ensemble de Lancement Soyuz pad in Kourou..
  • GalileoSat-2 - . Payload: Galileo-FM2 / Natalia. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37847 . COSPAR: 2011-060B. Apogee: 23,274 km (14,461 mi). Perigee: 23,228 km (14,433 mi). Inclination: 54.7000 deg. Period: 845.90 min.

2011 November 4 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Cosmos 2476 - . Payload: Uragan s/n 743. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37867 . COSPAR: 2011-064A. Apogee: 19,173 km (11,913 mi). Perigee: 19,087 km (11,860 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Replenishment of Glonass navigation satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2477 - . Payload: Uragan s/n 744. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37868 . COSPAR: 2011-064B. Apogee: 19,168 km (11,910 mi). Perigee: 19,092 km (11,863 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2475 - . Payload: Uragan s/n 745. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37869 . COSPAR: 2011-064C. Apogee: 19,175 km (11,914 mi). Perigee: 19,021 km (11,819 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 674.50 min.

2011 November 28 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2478 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 46. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37938 . COSPAR: 2011-071A. Apogee: 19,157 km (11,903 mi). Perigee: 19,102 km (11,869 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2011 December 1 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou IGS 5 - . Payload: Beidou DW10. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-IGSO. USAF Sat Cat: 37948 . COSPAR: 2011-073A. Apogee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Perigee: 35,705 km (22,186 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Fifth satellite placed in the Beidou-2 inclined geosynchronous orbit constellation; placed in Plane 2 at 95 deg E. This ended launches into the IGSO component for the next several years..

2012 February 24 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G5 - . Payload: Beidou DW 11. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38091 . COSPAR: 2012-008A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 1.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed in geostationary orbit at 58.7 deg E..

2012 April 29 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Beidou M3 - . Payload: Beidou DW 12. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38250 . COSPAR: 2012-018A. Apogee: 21,594 km (13,417 mi). Perigee: 21,461 km (13,335 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 773.20 min.
  • Beidou M4 - . Payload: Beidou DW 13. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38251 . COSPAR: 2012-018B. Apogee: 21,602 km (13,422 mi). Perigee: 21,453 km (13,330 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 773.20 min.

2012 September 18 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Beidou M5 - . Payload: Beidou DW14. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38774 . COSPAR: 2012-050A. Apogee: 21,591 km (13,416 mi). Perigee: 21,462 km (13,335 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 773.20 min.
  • Beidou M6 - . Payload: Beidou DW15. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38775 . COSPAR: 2012-050B. Apogee: 21,578 km (13,407 mi). Perigee: 21,472 km (13,342 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 773.10 min.

2012 October 4 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 239 - . Payload: Navstar 67 / GPS SVN 65 /IIF-3 / SV-1 Arcturus. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Boeing. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 38833 . COSPAR: 2012-053A. Apogee: 20,192 km (12,546 mi). Perigee: 20,174 km (12,535 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min.

    Third GPS Block IIF satellite, spacecraft 65; replaced SVN 39 in the Navstar constellation. The upper stage and payload first entered a 163 km x 394 km x 41.6 deg parking orbit, followed by a 254 km x 20448 km x 43.3 deg transfer orbit and then a third burn into the final 20426 km x 20481 km x 55.0 deg circular orbit where the satellite was deployed. The RL-10 second stage engine operated at lower than planned thrust during the first two burns, but onboard software compensated by increasing the duration of the engine firings.


2012 October 12 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-3 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-3 / David. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38857 . COSPAR: 2012-055A. Apogee: 23,228 km (14,433 mi). Perigee: 23,217 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed David in honor a competition winner, Mr. David Markarjanc (b.2001) of the Czech Republic..
  • GalileoSat-4 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-4 / Sif. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38858 . COSPAR: 2012-055B. Apogee: 23,227 km (14,432 mi). Perigee: 23,218 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed Sif in honor a competition winner, Ms. Sif Skov Christensen (b.2002) of Denmark..

2012 October 25 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G6 - . Payload: Beidou DW16. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38953 . COSPAR: 2012-059A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Reached geostationary orbital station at 80.4 E on 1 November. The transfer orbit had an unusually low perigee of around 160 km. Stationed at 80 deg E..

2013 February 25 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • AAUSAT3 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39087 . COSPAR: 2013-009B. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 770 km (470 mi). Inclination: 98.6300 deg. Period: 100.41 min. 2U cubesat built by Aalborg University in Denmark; carried a double AIS ship tracking receiver and a GPS receiver for tracking ships in Arctic regions. Successful..

2013 April 26 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2485 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 47. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 39155 . COSPAR: 2013-019A. Apogee: 19,176 km (11,915 mi). Perigee: 19,084 km (11,858 mi). Inclination: 64.7600 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Part of launch series to bring Glonass navigation satellite constellation up to full operation..

2013 May 15 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 242 - . Payload: Navstar 68 / GPS SVN 66 / IIF-4 / SV-5 Vega. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Boeing. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 39166 . COSPAR: 2013-023A. Apogee: 20,187 km (12,543 mi). Perigee: 20,178 km (12,538 mi). Inclination: 55.0200 deg. Period: 717.97 min.

    Fourth GPS Block IIF satellite, 2.5m high satellite with a solar panel span of 18 m. The IIF navigation payloads carry atomic clocks and broadcast L-band navigation signals in the L1M, L2M, L2C and L5 channels; they also carry sensors to detect nuclear explosions as part of an early warning system.


2013 July 1 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Pad: LP1. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1A - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 39199 . COSPAR: 2013-034A. Apogee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Perigee: 35,706 km (22,186 mi). Inclination: 27.3500 deg. Period: 1,436.06 min. First Indian operational navigation satellite, beginning the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System. Provides L-band and S-band navigation signals..

2013 July 2 - . 02:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-3. FAILURE: Proton unstable in pitch; by T+17 s arced over towards ground; nose disintegrated at T+24s; booster crashed into ground at T+32s, less 2 km downrange.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Glonass-M No. 48 - . Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. Uragan-M (Glonass-M) navigation satellite constellation replenishment launch; previous attempt with Proton in 2010 also failed..
  • Glonass-M No. 49 - . Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass.
  • Glonass-M No. 50 - . Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass.

2014 February 21 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 248 - . Payload: Navstar 69 / GPS SVN 64 / IIF-5 / Canopus. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 39533 . COSPAR: 2014-008A. Apogee: 20,201 km (12,552 mi). Perigee: 20,163 km (12,528 mi). Inclination: 54.9400 deg. Period: 717.99 min. Block IIF Global Positioning System satellite; GPS Space Vehicle Number 64, the fifth in the IIF series..

2014 March 23 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2494 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 54. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 39620 . COSPAR: 2014-012A. Apogee: 19,174 km (11,914 mi). Perigee: 19,085 km (11,858 mi). Inclination: 64.8400 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Glonass-M No. 54 (Uragan-M No. 754) navigation satellite. Incorrectly announced as Cosmos 2491 at time of launch due to confusion in designations applied to three previous classified military launches..

2014 April 4 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Pad: PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1B - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 39635 . COSPAR: 2014-017A. Apogee: 35,883 km (22,296 mi). Perigee: 35,688 km (22,175 mi). Inclination: 30.8900 deg. Period: 1,436.03 min.

    Second dedicated navigation satellite for the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System. After a coast phase the fourth stage ignited to accelerate the vehicle to a 269 x 20,558 km x 19.3 deg transfer orbit. IRNSS-1B used its onboard engine to join IRNSS-1A in circular inclined geosynchronous orbit, and on April 17 was in a 35,565 x 35,878 km x 31.0 deg orbit over the Indian Ocean.


2014 May 17 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 251 - . Payload: Navstar 70 / GPS SVN 67 / IIF-6 / Rigel. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 39741 . COSPAR: 2014-026A. Apogee: 20,187 km (12,543 mi). Perigee: 20,175 km (12,536 mi). Inclination: 55.0600 deg. Period: 717.92 min.

2014 June 14 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2500 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 55. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 40001 . COSPAR: 2014-032A. Apogee: 19,262 km (11,968 mi). Perigee: 19,145 km (11,896 mi). Inclination: 64.7800 deg. Period: 678.67 min. Glonass-M satellite No. 55 to supplement the Russian navigation satellite constellation..

2014 October 15 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Pad: Sriharikota FLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1C - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 40269 . COSPAR: 2014-061A. Apogee: 35,879 km (22,294 mi). Perigee: 35,696 km (22,180 mi). Inclination: 4.1700 deg. Period: 1,436.14 min. India's third dedicated navigation satellite. Stationed in geosynchronous orbit at 83 deg east..

2014 October 29 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 258 - . Payload: Navstar 72 / GPS SVN 69 / IIF-8 / Spica. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 40294 . COSPAR: 2014-068A. Apogee: 20,195 km (12,548 mi). Perigee: 20,168 km (12,531 mi). Inclination: 54.9600 deg. Period: 717.93 min. Nicknamed Spica, launched into a 167 x 20,281 km transfer orbit 17 minutes after launch; the Centaur restarted at 20:40 GMT to place the satellite in its final orbit..

2014 November 30 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2501 - . Payload: Glonass-K1 No. 12L. Mass: 935 kg (2,061 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 40315 . COSPAR: 2014-075A. Apogee: 19,179 km (11,917 mi). Perigee: 19,081 km (11,856 mi). Inclination: 64.7100 deg. Period: 675.73 min. Second Glonass-K satellite, vehicle No. 12. The Glonass-K series are the third generation of Russian high orbit navigation satellites, following the original Uragan/Glonass and their successors, the Uragan-M/Glonass-M vehicles..

2015 March 25 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC37. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 260 - . Payload: Navstar 73 / GPS SVN 71 / IIF-9 / Deneb. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 40534 . COSPAR: 2015-013A. Apogee: 20,195 km (12,548 mi). Perigee: 20,169 km (12,532 mi). Inclination: 55.0400 deg. Period: 717.97 min. Nicknamed Deneb; launched into a 12-hour-period orbit to join the navigation constellation..

2015 March 27 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST.
  • GalileoSat-7 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM03 / Adam. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40544 . COSPAR: 2015-017A. Apogee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,210 km (14,420 mi). Inclination: 55.1900 deg. Period: 844.70 min. European navigation satellite..
  • GalileoSat-8 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM04 / Anastasia. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40545 . COSPAR: 2015-017B. Apogee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,210 km (14,420 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 844.69 min. European navigation satellite..

2015 March 28 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1D - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 40547 . COSPAR: 2015-018A. Apogee: 35,869 km (22,287 mi). Perigee: 35,707 km (22,187 mi). Inclination: 30.1100 deg. Period: 1,436.18 min. Fourth Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System satellite; joined its siblings IRNSS-1A and 1B in inclined synchronous orbit..

2015 March 30 - . 13:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C/YZ1.
  • Beidou I1-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 17 / Beidou 3i. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40549 . COSPAR: 2015-019A. Apogee: 35,985 km (22,360 mi). Perigee: 35,599 km (22,120 mi). Inclination: 54.8500 deg. Period: 1,436.39 min.

    First in the Beidou-3 generation of Chinese navigation satellites. For the first time the CZ-3C rocket used an additional fourth stage, the Yuanzheng-1 (Expedition-1). The stage used UDMH/N2O4 storable propellants like the Briz-M or Fregat, but had an even lower thrust - only 6.5 kN - and so will need yet longer burn times.


2015 July 15 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 262 - . Payload: Navstar 74 / GPS SVN 72 / IIF-10 / Antares. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 40730 . COSPAR: 2015-033A. Apogee: 20,228 km (12,569 mi). Perigee: 20,135 km (12,511 mi). Inclination: 55.0700 deg. Period: 717.95 min. Replenished the GPS constellation; 10th satellite in the GPS IIF series..

2015 July 25 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • Beidou M1-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 18 / Beidou 3m. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40748 . COSPAR: 2015-037A. Apogee: 21,547 km (13,388 mi). Perigee: 21,509 km (13,365 mi). Inclination: 55.0600 deg. Period: 773.24 min.

    Single launch of the first two of the third generation medium-orbit Beidou satellites. The CZ-3B launch vehicle deployed the YZ-1 upper stage in a 189 km x 18390 km x 55 deg transfer orbit. CZ-3B stage 3 coasted in a low parking orbit for only a minute or so before its second burn to the elliptical orbit. The YZ-1 then separated and made its first burn almost immediately at about 12:45 GMT, raising apogee to 22,000 km. The Beidou/YZ-1 stack then coasted to apogee and at about 16:10 GMT the YZ-1 made a second burn to circularize the orbit. The two payloads were quickly released in a 21,523 km x 22,193 km x 55 deg orbit. At about 16:20 GMT YZ-1 made a disposal burn to a 22,151 x 27,736 km x 55 deg orbit.

  • Beidou M2-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 19 / Beidou 3m. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40749 . COSPAR: 2015-037B. Apogee: 21,547 km (13,388 mi). Perigee: 21,510 km (13,360 mi). Inclination: 55.0600 deg. Period: 773.27 min.

2015 September 11 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST.
  • GalileoSat-9 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM05 / Alba. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40889 . COSPAR: 2015-045A. Apogee: 23,233 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,211 km (14,422 mi). Inclination: 57.3800 deg. Period: 844.70 min. Two European navigation satellites in the Galileo system. The Fregat upper stage deployed them in plane A of the system, at an inclination of 57.4 degrees (satellites in the existing B and C planes are in 55.0 degree orbits)..
  • GalileoSat-10 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM06 / Orlana. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40890 . COSPAR: 2015-045B. Apogee: 23,231 km (14,435 mi). Perigee: 23,213 km (14,423 mi). Inclination: 57.3800 deg. Period: 844.70 min.

2015 September 29 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC3. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B/G2.
  • Beidou I2-S - . Payload: Beidou DW 20 / Beidou 3i. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 40938 . COSPAR: 2015-053A. Apogee: 35,962 km (22,345 mi). Perigee: 35,602 km (22,122 mi). Inclination: 54.9800 deg. Period: 1,435.85 min. The first Beidou navigation satellite to carry a hydrogen-maser-based clock. Also called Beidou-3 I-2S, deployed in an inclined synchronous orbit. Unlike the previous two flights, this mission did not appear to have used the YZ-1 upper stage..

2015 October 31 - . 16:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 265 - . Payload: Navstar 73 / GPS SVN 71 / IIF-11 / Altair. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 41019 . COSPAR: 2015-062A. Apogee: 20,491 km (12,732 mi). Perigee: 20,444 km (12,703 mi). Inclination: 54.9800 deg. Period: 729.58 min. Addition to the GPS constellation, model IIF flight 11, was nicknamed 'Altair'..

2015 December 17 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-11 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41174 . COSPAR: 2015-079A. Apogee: 23,568 km (14,644 mi). Perigee: 23,511 km (14,609 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Adriana.
  • GalileoSat-12 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41175 . COSPAR: 2015-079B. Apogee: 23,617 km (14,674 mi). Perigee: 23,552 km (14,634 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Liene.

2016 January 20 - . 04:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1E - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 41241 . COSPAR: 2016-003A. Apogee: 20,547 km (12,767 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 19.2000 deg.

    India launched its 5th navigation satellite. The PSLV-XL delivered it to a subsynchronous transfer orbit. By early February it was in an inclined synchronous orbit at 35697 x 35874 km x 28.1 deg. IRNSS-R1C was in an near-equatorial orbit at 83E; the remainder are in the 28 degree inclined orbits, with R1A and R1B over about 55E and R1D and R1E over about 112E.


2016 February 1 - . 07:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C/YZ1.
  • Beidou DW 21 - . Payload: Beidou M3-S. Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou 3. USAF Sat Cat: 41315 . COSPAR: 2016-006A. Apogee: 21,981 km (13,658 mi). Perigee: 21,512 km (13,366 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg.

2016 February 5 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 266 - . Payload: Navstar 76 / GPS SVN 70. Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 41328 . COSPAR: 2016-007A. Apogee: 20,442 km (12,702 mi). Perigee: 20,438 km (12,699 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg.

2016 February 7 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2514 - . Payload: Glonass-M No. 51. Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 41330 . COSPAR: 2016-008A. Apogee: 19,158 km (11,904 mi). Perigee: 19,132 km (11,888 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Glonass-M No. 51 (Uragan-M 751, Kosmos-2514) was launched to supplement the Russian navigation constellation..

2016 March 10 - . 10:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1F - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 41384 . COSPAR: 2016-015A. Apogee: 35,750 km (22,210 mi). Perigee: 33,349 km (20,722 mi). Inclination: 5.3000 deg.

    Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System was augmented by launch of the 1F satellite. The initial insertion orbit was 270 x 20649 km x 17.9 deg; an initial perigee burn to raise apogee was followed by several apogee burns towards circular inclined synchronous orbit.


2016 March 29 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou DW 22 - . Payload: Beidou IGSO 6. Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-IGSO. USAF Sat Cat: 41434 . COSPAR: 2016-021A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg.

2016 April 28 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1G - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 41469 . COSPAR: 2016-027A. Apogee: 35,821 km (22,258 mi). Perigee: 35,741 km (22,208 mi). Inclination: 5.1000 deg. Launch of the IRNSS-1G completed India's 7-satellite navigation constellation. Placed in geosynchronous orbit at 129 deg E..

2016 May 24 - . 08:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-13 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41550 . COSPAR: 2016-030B. Apogee: 23,566 km (14,643 mi). Perigee: 23,551 km (14,633 mi). Inclination: 57.4000 deg. Daniele.
  • GalileoSat-14 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41549 . COSPAR: 2016-030A. Apogee: 23,616 km (14,674 mi). Perigee: 23,553 km (14,635 mi). Inclination: 57.4000 deg. Alizee.

2016 May 29 - . 08:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2516 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 41554 . COSPAR: 2016-032A. Apogee: 19,152 km (11,900 mi). Perigee: 19,124 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Glonass-M No. 53 to replenish the Russian navigation satellite system.

2016 June 12 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC3. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou DW 23 - . Payload: Beidou G7. Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 41586 . COSPAR: 2016-037A. Apogee: 34,574 km (21,483 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 19.3000 deg. 7th geostationary satellite in the Beidou-2 generation..

2016 November 17 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • GalileoSat-15 - . Payload: Galileo 15 (267). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41859 . COSPAR: 2016-069A. Apogee: 22,906 km (14,233 mi). Perigee: 22,879 km (14,216 mi). Inclination: 54.6000 deg.

    Four more European navigation satellites in the Galileo system were launched. An Ariane 5ES rocket was used; the restartable EPS upper stage placed the satellites (FM07, FM12, FM13 and FM14, redesignated GalileoSat 15 to 18 after launch) in orbit. The 5ES model was previously used for ATV cargo ship launches.

  • GalileoSat-16 - . Payload: Galileo 16 (26C). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41860 . COSPAR: 2016-069B. Apogee: 22,926 km (14,245 mi). Perigee: 22,890 km (14,220 mi). Inclination: 54.6000 deg.
  • GalileoSat-17 - . Payload: Galileo 17 (26D). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41861 . COSPAR: 2016-069C. Apogee: 22,912 km (14,236 mi). Perigee: 22,901 km (14,229 mi). Inclination: 54.6000 deg.
  • GalileoSat-18 - . Payload: Galileo 18 (26E). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41862 . COSPAR: 2016-069D. Apogee: 22,899 km (14,228 mi). Perigee: 22,898 km (14,228 mi). Inclination: 54.5000 deg.


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