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Soyuz-FG
Part of R-7 Family
Uprated Soyuz booster designed for high performance Russian government missions and delivery of Soyuz and Progress spacecraft to the International Space Station. Upgraded engines, modern avionics, reduced non-Russian content. Unknown differences to Soyuz ST.

AKA: A-2; Sapwood; SL-4; 11A511FG. Status: Active. First Launch: 2001-05-20. Last Launch: 2015-09-02. Number: 53 . Payload: 7,420 kg (16,350 lb). Thrust: 4,143.00 kN (931,383 lbf). Gross mass: 305,000 kg (672,000 lb). Height: 46.10 m (151.20 ft). Diameter: 2.95 m (9.67 ft). Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

Modernization of the Soyuz launcher that increased general performance. The basic launch vehicle design remained the same. Changes on the commercial ST version were limited to:

  • The first and second stage engines featured improved performance with new injectors and mixture ratio.
  • The third stage engine performance was increased.
  • The launch vehicle was equipped with a new control system allowing in-flight orbital plane change (whereas all earlier R-7 derived vehicles flew a fixed trajectory, with the launch table rotated before launch to the appropriate azimuth).
  • A new digital telemetry system provided for launch vehicle monitoring.
  • A new, larger-diameter fairing (3.65 meters in diameter) was used.

The standard fourth stage was the Fregat orbital module.

LEO Payload: 7,420 kg (16,350 lb) to a 193 km orbit at 51.80 degrees. Launch Price $: 50.000 million in 1999 dollars.

Stage Data - Soyuz FG

  • Stage 0. 4 x Soyuz ST-0. Gross Mass: 44,400 kg (97,800 lb). Empty Mass: 3,810 kg (8,390 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,021.097 kN (229,552 lbf). Isp: 310 sec. Burn time: 120 sec. Isp(sl): 264 sec. Diameter: 2.68 m (8.79 ft). Span: 2.68 m (8.79 ft). Length: 19.60 m (64.30 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-117. Status: In production. Comments: Gross mass includes 1190 kg of hydrogen peroxide and 280 kg of liquid nitrogen expended during ascent but not contributing to propulsion.
  • Stage 1. 1 x Soyuz ST-1. Gross Mass: 105,400 kg (232,300 lb). Empty Mass: 6,875 kg (15,156 lb). Thrust (vac): 999.601 kN (224,719 lbf). Isp: 311 sec. Burn time: 286 sec. Isp(sl): 245 sec. Diameter: 2.95 m (9.67 ft). Span: 2.95 m (9.67 ft). Length: 27.80 m (91.20 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-118. Status: In production. Comments: Gross mass includes 2600 kg of hydrogen peroxide and 520 kg of liquid nitrogen expended during ascent but not contributing to propulsion.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Soyuz ST-2. Gross Mass: 25,200 kg (55,500 lb). Empty Mass: 2,355 kg (5,191 lb). Thrust (vac): 294.000 kN (66,093 lbf). Isp: 359 sec. Burn time: 300 sec. Diameter: 2.66 m (8.72 ft). Span: 2.66 m (8.72 ft). Length: 6.74 m (22.11 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-0124. Status: In production.

Family: orbital launch vehicle. Country: Russia. Spacecraft: Kanopus, MKA-FKI, SSTL-900, TET, ISS, MicroSat-100, Radarsat, AMOS, Star bus, Globalstar, MiniSat-400, Progress M1, Kolibri, Soyuz TMA, Mars Express, Venus Express, Galileo Navsat. Projects: Galaxy. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Baikonur LC1, Baikonur LC31. Stages: Soyuz ST-0, Soyuz ST-1, Soyuz ST-2. Agency: Korolev bureau. More at: 8663.



2001 May 20 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Progress M1-6 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 255. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: STS-102 ISS EO-2. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 93.44 days. Decay Date: 2001-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 26773 . COSPAR: 2001-021A. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    ISS Servicing flight. Launch delayed from april 12. This Progress resupply mission to the ISS was launched by the first Soyuz-FG rocket - a modified Soyuz-U with 5 percent improved perfomance using new fuel utilisation systems. Progress M1-6 after launch was also designated as ISS supply mission 4P. It carried 2.5 tonnes of food, fuel, water, life-support material, and equipment, including spare computer equipment for the ISS Destiny module. Nearly one tonne of the fuel was for raising the altitude of the ISS. Progress M1-6 docked with Zvezda's aft (-Y) port at 0024 GMT on May 23. It undocked at 0601 GMT on August 22 and deorbited at around 0900 GMT the same day.


2001 November 26 - . 18:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Progress M1-7 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 256. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: STS-105 ISS EO-3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 113.29 days. Decay Date: 2002-03-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 26983 . COSPAR: 2001-051A. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min.

    ISS Servicing flight. Launch delayed from November 14. The Progress M1-7 Russian automatic cargo carrier soft docked with the International Space Station Zvezda module at 1943 GMT on Nov 28. The docking probe retracted, but the eight peripheral latches would not engage. It turned out that a rubber seal had been left on the docking ring by Progress M-45. Cosmonauts from aboard the station cleared the debris in a spacewalk on December 3. As they watched from a few meters away Progress M1-7 was commanded to a hard dock with the station. NASA referred to this flight as `Progress 6'. It delivered 2.5 tonnes of food, fuel and equipment to the station, as well as a microsatellite named Kolibri. The Expedition 4 crew finished loading trash into Progress M1-7 on 19 March 2002, and it undocked from Zvezda's aft port at 1743 UTC. The Kolibri-2000 microsatellite was ejected from the Progress cargo compartment at 2228 UTC; Progress fired its engines to deorbit over the Pacific at about 0127 UTC on Mar 20.

  • Kolibri - . Mass: 21 kg (46 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kolibri. Spacecraft: Kolibri. Decay Date: 2002-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 27394 . COSPAR: 2001-051C. Apogee: 388 km (241 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

2002 September 25 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Progress M1-9 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 258. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: STS-111 ISS EO-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 129.00 days. Decay Date: 2003-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 27531 . COSPAR: 2002-045A. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi). Perigee: 282 km (175 mi). Inclination: 51.6331 deg. Period: 90.60 min.

    Launch delayed from July 22, September 10 and 20. Progress-M1 9, known to NASA as Progress 9P, was a Russian automatic cargo transportation craft that was to deliver food, fuel, and supplies to the International Space Station (ISS). It docked with the Zvezda module of the ISS on September 29 at 1700 UTC. Prior to the docking, the port was vacated by the earlier Progress-M 46. Undocked from the station on 1 February 2003 and commanded to destructive re-entry in the atmosphere.


2002 October 30 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-1 - . Call Sign: Yenisey. Crew: De Winne, Lonchakov, Zalyotin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 211. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: De Winne, Lonchakov, Zalyotin. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-1 ISS EP-4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 185.96 days. Decay Date: 2003-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 27552 . COSPAR: 2002-050A. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 51.6200 deg. Period: 90.20 min.

    Launch delayed from October 22, 28 pending investigation of causes of failure of another Soyuz booster on 15 October. Soyuz-TMA 1 was a Russian automatic passenger craft. It carried the EP-4 visiting crew of three astronauts (two Russians and one Belgian) to automatically dock with the International Space Station (ISS). This was the first flight of the new Soyuz-TMA model. It was to remain parked at the ISS as the escape craft, relieving the Soyuz TM-34. The crew conducted several microgravity experiments on the ISS during their 10-day stay before returning in Soyuz TM-34.


2003 April 26 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-2 - . Call Sign: Agat. Crew: Lu, Malenchenko. Backup Crew: Foale, Kaleri. Return Crew: Duque, Lu, Malenchenko. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 212. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Duque, Foale, Kaleri, Lu, Malenchenko. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-2. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 184.95 days. Decay Date: 2003-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 27781 . COSPAR: 2003-016A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 386 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Two-man Russian/American crew to provide minimal manning of space station while shuttle is grounded. Replaced three-man crew aboard ISS since before STS-107 disaster..

2003 June 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Mars Express (F-1) / Mars Orbiter / Beagle 2 - . Mass: 1,120 kg (2,460 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft Bus: Mars Express. Spacecraft: Mars Express. USAF Sat Cat: 27816 . COSPAR: 2003-022A. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 88.00 min.

    Europe's first probe to Mars. Mars Express had a mass of 637 kg dry, including science payload and Beagle separation device, together with 480 kg of propellant and the 69 kg Beagle 2 lander, for a total of 1186 kg. In addition to this a 37 kg adapter remained attached to the Fregat upper stage. Mars Express was placed into a 1.014 x 1.531 AU x 0.2 deg orbit around the Sun, following a course correction on June 5. The launch was first moved forward from June 1 and May 31 to May 23. Then delayed to June 6, then moved forward to June 2.


2003 October 18 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-3 - . Call Sign: Ingul. Crew: Duque, Foale, Kaleri. Return Crew: Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 213. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Duque, Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-2, Soyuz TMA-3, Soyuz TMA-3 Cervantes. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 194.77 days. Decay Date: 2004-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 28052 . COSPAR: 2003-047A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 376 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min.

    The spacecraft carried the Expedition 8 crew of Mike Foale and Aleksandr Kaleri and the EP-5 (Cervantes) mission crewmember Pedro Duque. During the flight to the station spacecraft Commander was Aleksandr Kaleri . Soyuz TMA-3 docked with the Pirs module at 07:16 GMT on October 20. Once the EO-7 crew aboard the ISS was relieved, the roles switched, with Foale becoming the ISS Commander. Duque carried out out 24 experiments in the fields of life and physical sciences, Earth observation, education and technology. The experiments were sponsored by the European Space Agency and Spain. After ten days in space, Duque returned to earth with the EO-7 crew of Malenchenko and Lu aboard Soyuz TMA-2.


2003 December 27 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Amos 2 - . Mass: 996 kg (2,195 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Starsem. Program: Amos. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AMOS. Spacecraft: Amos. USAF Sat Cat: 28132 . COSPAR: 2003-059A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0600 deg. Period: 1,436.14 min. Intermediate orbit shown. Fregat stage later placed Amos-2 in geostationary orbit. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 4.00W drifting at 0.003W degrees per day..

2004 April 19 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-4 - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Fincke, Kuipers, Padalka. Return Crew: Fincke, Padalka, Shargin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 214. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Fincke, Kuipers, Padalka, Shargin. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3, Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-4 Delta. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 187.89 days. Decay Date: 2004-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 28228 . COSPAR: 2004-013A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min.

    Soyuz TMA-4 was ISS transport mission ISS 8S and delivered the EO-9 caretaker crew of Gennadiy Padalka and Michael Fincke, together with the ESA/Netherlands Delta mission crewmember Andre Kuipers, to the Space Station. Soyuz TMA-4 docked with the nadir port on Zarya at 05:01 GMT on April 21 and the hatches to the ISS were opened at 06:30 GMT. Another gyro on the station had shut down prior to the docking and possibly would require a maintenance spacewalk to replace its failed electronics.

    After Soyuz TMA-5 docked with the ISS on October 16, the EO-9 crew handed activities over to the EO-10 crew.


2004 October 14 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-5 - . Call Sign: Tien Shan. Crew: Chiao, Shargin, Sharipov. Return Crew: Chiao, Sharipov, Vittori. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 215. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chiao, Shargin, Sharipov, Vittori. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 192.79 days. Decay Date: 2005-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 28444 . COSPAR: 2004-040A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 353 km (219 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.70 min.

    Soyuz TMA-5 docked with the Pirs module on October 16 at 0416 GMT. Aboard the spacecraft were the EO-10 crew of Sharipov and Chiao, and guest cosmonaut Shargin. After a week at the station, the EO-9 crew of Padalka and Fincke, together with Shargin, entered Soyuz TMA-4 at 18:14 GMT on October 23 and returned to earth. Chiao and Sharipov continued as the ISS skeleton station crew.


2005 April 15 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-6 - . Call Sign: Basalt. Crew: Krikalyov, Phillips, Vittori. Return Crew: Krikalyov, Olsen, Phillips. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 216. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Krikalyov, Olsen, Phillips, Vittori. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5, Soyuz TMA-6, Soyuz TMA-6 Eneide. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 179.02 days. Decay Date: 2005-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 28640 . COSPAR: 2005-013A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.

    The Soyuz TMA-6 docked with International Space Station's Pirs module at 02:20 GMT on April 17. Commander of the long-duration EO-11 crew was Russian cosmonaut Sergey Krikalyov. Flight engineer and science officer was American astronaut John Phillips. Italian Roberto Vittori accompanied the EO-10 crew aboard Soyuz TMA-6 to the station on the European Space Agency EP-8 Eneide mission.


2005 August 13 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Galaxy 14 - . Mass: 2,087 kg (4,601 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 28790 . COSPAR: 2005-030A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Payload swapped from Ariane 5. Launch delayed from December 2004; February 25, March 16 and 25, April 25, June 17, July 10 and 28, August 1, 6 and 12, 2005. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 125.05W drifting at 0.008W degrees per day..

2005 October 1 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-7 - . Call Sign: Rassvet. Crew: McArthur, Olsen, Tokarev. Return Crew: McArthur, Pontes, Tokarev. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 217. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: McArthur, Olsen, Pontes, Tokarev. Agency: NASA, RAKA, Shanghai Astronautics Bureau. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-6, Soyuz TMA-7, Soyuz TMA-8 ISS EP-10. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 189.83 days. Decay Date: 2006-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 28877 . COSPAR: 2005-039A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 347 km (215 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

    Launch delayed from September 27. Soyuz TMA-7 docked with the International Space Station at 05:27 GMT on 3 October, bringing the long duration EO-12 crew of (McArthur, Commander; Tokarev, Flight Engineer) and space tourist Olsen. McArthur, Tokarev and Pontes (brought to the station aboard Soyuz TMA-8) transferred to TMA-7 on April 8, 2006, closing the hatches at 17:15 GMT and undocking from Zvezda at 20:28 GMT, leaving Vinogradov and Williams from Soyuz TMA-8 as the Expedition 13 in charge of the station. Soyuz TMA-7 fired its engines at 22:58 GMT for the deorbit burn and landed in Kazakhstan at 23:48 GMT.


2005 November 9 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Venus Express - . Mass: 1,270 kg (2,790 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: Venus Express. Spacecraft: Venus Express. USAF Sat Cat: 28901 . COSPAR: 2005-045A.

    Launch delayed from October 26. The Soyuz placed the probe and Fregat upper stage into a 30 km x 190 km x 51.6 deg orbit around the earth. At apogee the Fregat stage made a 50 m/s maneuver to circularize the orbit. At the appropriate moment in this parking orbit, the Fregat fired again, then separated from the now Venus-bound probe at 05:11 GMT. Venus Express passed lunar orbit on November 10 at 10:10 GMT and went into a 0.702 AU x 0.993 AU x 0.26 deg inclination solar orbit. It was to brake itself into a 250 km x 326,550 km x 89.7 deg orbit around Venus on 11 April 2006 at 08:40 GMT. Two maneuvers would put in its final 24-hour Venus orbit of 282 x 66,911 km x 90.0 deg on 30 April. This was selected to synchronise the satellite with tracking stations on earth, while the planet slowly revolves below its perigee point over the following several months.


2005 December 28 - . 05:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Giove-A - . Payload: GSTB-V2/A / Heavily modified Surrey MiniSat-400. Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-900. Spacecraft: SSTL-900. USAF Sat Cat: 28922 . COSPAR: 2005-051A. Apogee: 23,360 km (14,510 mi). Perigee: 23,314 km (14,486 mi). Inclination: 56.2000 deg. Period: 849.60 min.

    Delayed from September, October, December 26. Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, a prototype for the Galileo European navigation satellite network. Giove carried carried two rubidium atomic clocks and a large L-band phased array antenna. Retired in 2012 as the production models went on-line.


2006 March 30 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
2006 September 18 - . 04:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-9 - . Call Sign: Vostok. Crew: Ansari, Lopez-Alegria, Tyurin. Return Crew: Lopez-Alegria, Simonyi, Tyurin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 219. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ansari, Lopez-Alegria, Simonyi, Tyurin. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-8, Soyuz TMA-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 215.35 days. Decay Date: 2007-04-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 29400 . COSPAR: 2006-040A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min.

    Carried the Expedition 14 crew and space tourist Anousheh Ansari to the International Space Station. Ansari replaced tourist Daisuke Enomoto, who was removed from flight status by the Russians just 28 days before the flight. Docked at the Zvezda port of the station at 05:21 GMT on September 20. On 21 April 2007, Lopez-Alegria, Tyurin and space tourist Charles Simonyi (who was taken to the station aboard Soyuz TMA-10) boarded Soyuz TMA-9, separated from the ISS, conducted retrofire, and landed in Kazakhstan at 12:31 GMT.


2007 April 7 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-10 - . Call Sign: Pulsar. Crew: Kotov, Simonyi, Yurchikhin. Return Crew: Kotov, Muszaphar, Yurchikhin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 220 / ISS-14S. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kotov, Muszaphar, Simonyi, Yurchikhin. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-10, Soyuz TMA-10 ISS EP-12. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 196.71 days. Decay Date: 2007-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 31100 . COSPAR: 2007-008A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    Carried the Expedition 15 crew and space tourist Charles Simonyi to the International Space Station. Soyuz TMA-10 docked at the Zarya port of the International Space Station at 19:10 GMT on 9 April. It undocked from Zarya at 19:20 GMT on Sep 27 September and docked at the Zvezda port at 19:47 GMT to clear Zarya for Soyuz TMA-10.

    The EO-15 crew and EP-13 space tourist Shukor (brought to the station by Soyuz TMA-11) boarded Soyuz TM-10 and undocked from the Zvezda port at 07:14 GMT on 21 October. The re-entry burn began at 09:47 and was normal. But afterwards, due to failure of an explosive bolt, the Soyuz service module remained connected to the re-entry capsule. The Soyuz tumbled, then began re-entry with the forward hatch taking the re-entry heating, until the connecting strut burned through. The Soyuz the righted itself with the heat shield taking the heating, but defaulted to an 8.6 G ballistic re-entry, landing 340 km short of the aim point at 10:36 GMT. Improved procedures after the ballistic re-entry of Soyuz TMA-1 meant a helicopter recovery crew reached the capsule only 20 minutes after thumpdown. However the true nature of the failure was concealed from the world until the same thing happened on Soyuz TMA-11.


2007 May 29 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Globalstar A - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31571 . COSPAR: 2007-020A. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 914 km (567 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. First replenishment launch of the resurgent Globalstar MEO communications satellite constellation after a five-year hiatus..
  • Globalstar B - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31573 . COSPAR: 2007-020C. Apogee: 931 km (578 mi). Perigee: 913 km (567 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min.
  • Globalstar C - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31574 . COSPAR: 2007-020D. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 926 km (575 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.
  • Globalstar D - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31576 . COSPAR: 2007-020F. Apogee: 938 km (582 mi). Perigee: 919 km (571 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.

2007 October 10 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-11 - . Call Sign: Agat. Crew: Malenchenko, Muszaphar, Whitson. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 221 / ISS 15S. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Malenchenko, Muszaphar, Whitson. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, Soyuz TMA-11 ISS EP-13. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 191.80 days. Decay Date: 2008-04-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 32256 . COSPAR: 2007-045A. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    Soyuz TMA-11 delivered the EO-16 crew of Whitson and Malenchenko and EP-13 space tourist Shukor to the International Space Station. The Soyuz docked at the Zarya module at 14:50 GMT on 12 October. Whitson was EO-16 commander, with third astronaut Clay Anderson remaining aboard the station after the EO-15 crew and Shukor returned to earth on Soyuz TMA-10.

    Malenchenko and Whitson, together with visiting Korean astronaut Yi, who had been delivered to the ISS by Soyuz TMA-12, undocked from the station aboard Soyuz TMA-11 at 05:06 GMT on 19 April 2008. Following the deorbit burn at 07:40 GMT the aft service module of the Soyuz failed to separate and the spacecraft began re-entry in a reversed position, with the forward hatch taking the initial re-entry heating. As was the case with Soyuz 5 in 1970, the connections with the service module finally melted away, and the freed capsule righted itself aerodynamically with the heat shield taking the brunt of the re-entry heating. However the crew experienced a rough ride, a ballistic re-entry of over 8 G's force, smoke in the cabin, a failure of the soft landing system, and a very hard landing. They landed 470 km short of the target point at 50 deg 31" N, 61 deg 7" E at 08:29 GMT. A small grass fire was started at the landing point and the injured crew had to be helped from the capsule by passers-by. Malenchenko and Whitson suffered no permanent injury, but Yi was hit by Whitson's personal effects bag on impact and required physical therapy for neck and spine injuries.


2007 October 20 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Globalstar FM66 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32265 . COSPAR: 2007-048C. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 914 km (567 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Last of the first generation Globalstar satellites, launched to replenish the constellation. The Fregat stage made three burns to deploy the satellites into circular orbit, and then deorbit itself to a reentry over the Pacific Ocean..
  • Globalstar FM67 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32263 . COSPAR: 2007-048A. Apogee: 935 km (580 mi). Perigee: 925 km (574 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.
  • Globalstar FM68 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32266 . COSPAR: 2007-048D. Apogee: 930 km (570 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min.
  • Globalstar FM70 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Globalstar. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32264 . COSPAR: 2007-048B. Apogee: 931 km (578 mi). Perigee: 911 km (566 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.40 min.

2007 December 14 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Radarsat-2 - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Starsem. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Radarsat. Spacecraft: Radarsat. USAF Sat Cat: 32382 . COSPAR: 2007-061A. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

    Follow-on to Canadian Radarsat-1 launched in 1995. Designed to provide C-band synthetic aperture radar mapping with resolution of 3 m to Canadian government users. Compared to the earlier model had greater resolution, vastly increased on-board data storage capacity, and capability to scan left or right of ground track. Planned lifetime of seven years.


2008 April 8 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-12 - . Call Sign: Eridanus. Crew: Kononenko, Volkov, Sergey, Yi Soyeon. Return Crew: Garriott, Richard, Kononenko, Volkov, Sergey. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 222. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Garriott, Richard, Kononenko, Volkov, Sergey, Yi Soyeon. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-12, STS-123 ISS EO-16. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 198.54 days. Decay Date: 2008-04-19 08:29:00 . USAF Sat Cat: 32756 . COSPAR: 2008-015A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min.

    Launched the EO-17 long-duration crew to replace the EO-16 crew. The commander was the son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Volkov. Also aboard was Oleg Kononenko (no relation to the 1970's Buran pilot of the same name) and Korean astronaut Yi Soyeon. Soyuz TMA-12 docked at the Pirs module of the International Space Station on 2008 Apr 10 at 12:57 GMT on 10 April. Volkov and Kononenko stayed aboard as the EO-17 long duration crew. Yi returned to earth with the EO-16 crew aboard Soyuz TMA-11. Soyuz TMA-12 undocked on 24 October at 00:16 GMT with the EO-17 crew of Kononenko and Volkov, plus space tourist Richard Garriott, aboard. They landed safely at 03:37 GMT.


2008 April 26 - . 22:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Giove-B - . Payload: GSTB-V2/B. Mass: 530 kg (1,160 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Starsem. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-900. Spacecraft: SSTL-900. USAF Sat Cat: 32781 . COSPAR: 2008-020A. Apogee: 23,244 km (14,443 mi). Perigee: 23,104 km (14,356 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 842.60 min.

    Second European Galileo navigation system test satellite. The booster placed the Giove/Fregat stack on a suborbital trajectory. The Fregat stage then burned to enter a a 170 km parking orbit. The stage burned at least twice more before releasing the satellite into its operational orbit. Retired in 2012 as the production models went on-line.


2008 October 12 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-13 - . Call Sign: Titan. Crew: Fincke, Garriott, Richard, Lonchakov. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 223. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Fincke, Garriott, Richard, Lonchakov. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-13. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 178.01 days. Decay Date: 2009-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 33399 . COSPAR: 2008-050A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 352 km (218 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Docked at the Zarya port of the ISS on 14 October at 08:26 GMT..

2009 March 26 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-14 - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Barratt, Padalka, Simonyi. Backup Crew: Dyson, Surayev, Walker. Return Crew: Barratt, Laliberte, Padalka. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 224. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-14. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 198.66 days. Decay Date: 2009-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 34669 . COSPAR: 2009-015A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 344 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Delivered EO-19 crew and space tourist Simonyi to ISS; returned EO-19 crew and space tourist Laliberte to earth on 11 October 2009 at 04:32 GMT..

2009 May 27 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-15 - . Call Sign: Parus. Crew: De Winne, Romanenko, Roman, Thirsk. Backup Crew: Hadfield, Kondratiyev, Kuipers. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 225. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-15. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 187.86 days. Decay Date: 2009-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 35010 . COSPAR: 2009-030A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 344 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Delivered EO-20 crew to the ISS. Returned to earth 1 December 2009..

2009 September 30 - . 07:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-16 - . Call Sign: Bort. Crew: Laliberte, Surayev, Williams, Jeffrey. Backup Crew: Barrett, Skvortsov, Walker, Shannon. Return Crew: Surayev, Williams. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 226. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-16. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 169.17 days. Decay Date: 2010-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 35940 . COSPAR: 2009-053A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 342 km (212 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Docked with the International Space Station at 08:35 GMT on 2 October. Carried the EO-21 crew of Suraev and Williams, and space tourist Guy Laliberte due to the station. Surayev and Williams landed aboard Soyuz TMA-16 in Kazakhstan on 18 March 2010..

2009 December 20 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-17 - . Call Sign: Pulsar. Crew: Creamer, Kotov, Noguchi. Backup Crew: Furukawa, Shkaplerov, Wheelock. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 227 / ISS-21S. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Creamer, Kotov, Noguchi. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-17. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 163.23 days. Decay Date: 2010-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 36129 . COSPAR: 2009-074A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Docked with Zarya port of ISS at 22:48 GMT on 22 December. Undocked at 0:04 GMT on 2 June 2010 and landed in Kazakhstan at 03:25 GMT..

2010 April 2 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-18 - . Call Sign: Cliff. Crew: Caldwell, Korniyenko, Skvortsov, Aleksandr. Backup Crew: Borisenko, Andrei, Kelly, Scott, Samokutyayev. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 228. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-18. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 176.05 days. Decay Date: 2010-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 36505 . COSPAR: 2010-011A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.

    ISS EO-23. The crew first attempted to depart the ISS on 24 September. However the latches between the Soyuz and the station failed to release. Return to earth the next day was successful, with undocking at 02:03 GMT; deorbit burn at 04:31 GMT; and landing in Kazakhstan at 05:23 GMT.


2010 June 15 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-19 - . Call Sign: Olympus. Crew: Walker, Shannon, Wheelock, Yurchikhin. Backup Crew: Coleman, Catherine, Kondratiyev, Nespoli. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 229. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-19. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 163.30 days. Decay Date: 2010-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 36603 . COSPAR: 2010-029A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.

    ISS EO-24 crew. The return to earth was reported advanced four days to avoid coinciding with an OSCE conference in Kazakhstan. The crew undocked from the Rassvet module of the ISS at 01:23 GMT on 26 November 2010. There was a leak in the descent module, but ground controllers concluded the return to earth could be conducted safely. The Soyuz made its deorbit burn at 03:55 GMT and landed safely in Kazakhstan at 04:46 GMT.


2010 October 7 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-01M - . Call Sign: Ingul. Crew: Kaleri, Kelly, Scott, Skripochka. Backup Crew: Garan, Kononenko, Volkov, Sergey. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 701. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-01M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 159.78 days. Decay Date: 2011-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 37183 . COSPAR: 2010-052A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. ISS EO-25 crew. The Soyuz docked at the Poisk module of the ISS at 00:01 GMT on 10 October. The crew entered the spacecraft and undocked at 04:27 GMT on 16 March 2011. Following retrofire and re-entry they landed safely in Kazakhstan at 07:53 GMT..

2010 December 15 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-20 - . Call Sign: Varyag. Crew: Coleman, Catherine, Kondratiyev, Nespoli. Backup Crew: Fossum, Furukawa, Ivanishin. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 230. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-20. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 159.30 days. Decay Date: 2011-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 37254 . COSPAR: 2010-067A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.

    ISS EO-26 crew. Docked at the Rassvet module of the ISS at 20:11 GMT on 17 December. The crew boarded Soyuz TMA-20 and undocked at 21:35 GMT on 23 May 2011. They pulled back 200 m from the station, then took comprehensive photography of the station until 22:17 as it rotated before them. After departure from the visinity of the station, the Soyuz fired its engines at 01:36 GMT on 24 May to start the descent into the atmosphere. The orbital module and service modules separated from the descent module at 02:01 GMT. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 02:27 GMT.


2011 April 4 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-21 - . Call Sign: Tarkhany / Gagarin. Crew: Borisenko, Garan, Samokutyayev. Backup Crew: Burbank, Ivanishin, Shkaplerov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 231. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-21. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 164.24 days. Decay Date: 2011-09-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 37382 . COSPAR: 2011-012A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    ISS EO-27 crew. The Soyuz docked at the Poisk module of the ISS at 23:09 GMT on 6 April, and undocked at 00:38 GMT on 16 September 2011, eight days later than planned due to the Progress M-11M launch failure. A dropout of communications after the reentry burn caused concern, but the crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 03:59 GMT.


2011 June 7 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-02M - . Call Sign: Eridanus. Crew: Fossum, Furukawa, Volkov, Sergey. Backup Crew: Kononenko, Kuipers, Pettit. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 702. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-02M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 167.26 days. Decay Date: 2011-11-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 37633 . COSPAR: 2011-023A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Carried the EO-28 crew to the station. Docked with the ISS at the Rassvet on 9 June at 21:18 GMT. Undocked from the same port on 21 November at 23:00 GMT, followed by landing of the crew in Kazakhstan at 02:26 GMT on 22 November..

2011 November 14 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-22 - . Call Sign: Astraeus. Crew: Burbank, Ivanishin, Shkaplerov. Backup Crew: Acaba, Padalka, Revin. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 232. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-22. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 165.31 days. Decay Date: 2012-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 37877 . COSPAR: 2011-067A. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 376 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

    Launch delayed two months to verify booster after launch failure of Progress M-12M in August 2011. After successful launch of Progress M-13M on 30 October, Soyuz TMA-22 was cleared for launch. Delivered the EO-29 crew to the ISS, docking at the Poisk module of the station at 05:24 GMT on 16 November. Undocked on 27 April 2012 at 08:15 GMT and landed in Kazakhstan at 11:45 GMT.


2011 December 21 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-03M - . Call Sign: Antares. Crew: Kononenko, Kuipers, Pettit. Backup Crew: Hoshide, Malenchenko, Williams. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 703. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-03M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 192.79 days. Decay Date: 2012-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 38036 . COSPAR: 2011-078A. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Docked at the Rassvet module of the ISS at 15:19 GMT on 23 December. Undocked from the ISS on 1 July 2012 at 04:47 GMT and landed in Kazakhstan at 08:14 GMT..

2012 May 15 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-04M - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Acaba, Padalka, Revin. Backup Crew: Ford, Kevin, Novitskiy, Tarelkin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 705. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-04M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 124.99 days. Decay Date: 2012-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 38291 . COSPAR: 2012-022A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    Docked at the station's Poisk module on 17 May at 04:36 GMT. On 16 September at 23:09 GMT undocked from the station to return the crew to earth. Soyuz TMA-04M flew for 2 hr 47 min in a 403 km x 426 km orbit, then fired its engines for the deorbit burn at 01:56 GMT on 17 September to enter a 13 kmx 425 km reentry orbit. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 02:23 GMT.


2012 July 15 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-05M - . Call Sign: Agate. Crew: Hoshide, Malenchenko, Williams. Backup Crew: Hadfield, Marshburn, Romanenko, Roman. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 706. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-05M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 126.97 days. Decay Date: 2012-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 38671 . COSPAR: 2012-037A. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Docked with the ISS at 04:51 GMT on 17 July. Undocked at 22:26 GMT on 18 November; landed in Kazakhstan at 01:53 GMT on 29 November..

2012 July 22 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Kanopus-V 1 - . Payload: Kanopus-V. Mass: 473 kg (1,042 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kanopus. Spacecraft: Kanopus. USAF Sat Cat: 38707 . COSPAR: 2012-039A. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Remote sensing satellite. Imager provided a resolution of 2.5 m in a 20 km swath and 12.5 m in four spectral channels along the same swath. A separate imager provided optical resolution of 25 m in a 250 km swath..
  • BKA 2 - . Payload: BelKA-2. Mass: 473 kg (1,042 lb). Nation: Belarus. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kanopus. Spacecraft: Kanopus. USAF Sat Cat: 38708 . COSPAR: 2012-039B. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Remote sensing satellite; replaced BelKa 1 satellite lost in an launch failure. Imager provided a resolution of 2.1 m and four spectral channels..
  • ExactView-1 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: ExactView. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MicroSat-100. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 38709 . COSPAR: 2012-039C. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Carried Automatic Identification System (AIS) for the identification and location of maritime vessels..
  • TET-1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: Germany. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TET. Spacecraft: TET. USAF Sat Cat: 38710 . COSPAR: 2012-039D. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. DLR Technologieerprobungsträger 1, as part of their On-Orbit Verification Program. Tested new space components; carried an imaging payload..
  • MKA-FKI 1 - . Payload: MKA-PN1. Mass: 156 kg (343 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MKA-FKI. Spacecraft: MKA-FKI. USAF Sat Cat: 38711 . COSPAR: 2012-039E. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Equipped with L-band UHF panoramic radiometer to map soil moisture and water salinity, studying the land-ocean-atmosphere energy system; and a multi-spectral Pribor EK camera..

2012 October 23 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-06M - . Call Sign: Kazbek. Crew: Ford, Kevin, Novitskiy, Tarelkin. Backup Crew: Cassidy, Misurkin, Vinogradov. Payload: ISS-32S. Soyuz TMA s/n 707. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-06M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 143.68 days. Decay Date: 2013-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 38871 . COSPAR: 2012-058A. Apogee: 422 km (262 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Docked with the Poisk module of the ISS at 12:29 GMT on 25 October. Undocked at 23:43 GMT on 15 March 2013. Retrofire at 02:13 GMT the next day,followed by landing in Kazakhstan at about 03:06 GMT on 16 March..

2012 December 19 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-07M - . Call Sign: Parus. Crew: Hadfield, Marshburn, Romanenko, Roman. Backup Crew: Nyberg, Parmitano, Yurchikhin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 704A. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-07M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 145.60 days. Decay Date: 2013-05-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 39032 . COSPAR: 2012-074A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Docked with the Rassvet module of the ISS at 14:09 GMT on 21 December. Undocked at 23:08 GMT on 13 May 2013. Retrofire at 01:37 GMT on 14 May was followed by landing in Kazakhstan at 02:31 GMT..

2013 March 28 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-08M - . Call Sign: Karat. Crew: Cassidy, Misurkin, Vinogradov. Backup Crew: Hopkins, Kotov, Ryazansky. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 708. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-08M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 166.26 days. Decay Date: 2013-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 39125 . COSPAR: 2013-013A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.88 min.

    Docked with the Poisk module of the ISS at 02:28 GMT on 29 March. Soyuz TMA-08M undocked from the ISS and made its deorbit burn at 02:05 GMT. The BO and PAO modules were jettisoned at 02:32 GMT and the SA descent module containing Vinogradov, Misurkin and Cassidy touched down safely in Kazakhstan at 02:58 GMT after 166.3 days in space.


2013 May 28 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-09M - . Call Sign: Olympus. Crew: Nyberg, Parmitano, Yurchikhin. Backup Crew: Mastracchio, Tyurin, Wakata. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 709. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-09M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 166.26 days. Decay Date: 2013-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 39170 . COSPAR: 2013-025A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.88 min.

    Docked with the Rassvet module of the ISS at 02:10 GMT on 29 May after a 5 hour 39 minute flight. On 1 November 2013 Yurchikin, Nyberg and Parmitano, undocked from the Rassvet module at 08:33 GMT and flew around the station at a distance of 200 m to redock at 08:54 GMT with the Zvezda aft port freed up by ATV-4. Undocked from the Zvezda module on 10 November at 23:26 GMT and landed in Kazakhstan at 02:49 GMT on 11 November.


2013 September 25 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-10M - . Call Sign: Pulsar. Crew: Hopkins, Kotov, Ryazansky. Backup Crew: Artemyev, Skvortsov, Swanson. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 710. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-10M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 166.27 days. Decay Date: 2014-03-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 39263 . COSPAR: 2013-054A. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi). Perigee: 411 km (255 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.82 min. Docked with the Poisk module of the ISS 5 hours 46 minutes after launch. Undocked from the Poisk module of the ISS at 00:02 GMT on 11 March, landing in Kazakhstan at 03:24 GMT..

2013 November 7 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-11M - . Call Sign: Vostok. Crew: Mastracchio, Tyurin, Wakata. Backup Crew: Gerst, Surayev, Wiseman. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 711. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 187.91 days. Decay Date: 2014-05-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 39373 . COSPAR: 2013-061A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 415 km (257 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Docked with the Rassvet module of the ISS at 10:27 GMT the day of launch. Undocked from the Rassvet module at 22:36 GMT on May 13 and made the deorbit burn at 01:05 GMT May 14. Landing in Kazakhstan came at 01:58:30 GMT on May 14..

2014 March 25 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-12M - . Call Sign: Cliff. Crew: Artemyev, Skvortsov, Swanson. Backup Crew: Samokutyayev, Serova, Wilmore. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 712. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-12M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 169.21 days. Decay Date: 2014-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 39622 . COSPAR: 2014-013A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 412 km (256 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.85 min.

    The third planned rendezvous burn at 23:48 GMT was cancelled due to a software problem, leaving the spacecraft in a 297 x 333 km x 51.7 deg orbit. Rendezvous with the ISS was rescheduled to 27 March. It maneuvered to a 414 x 425 km orbit on 26 March. Docking with the ISS at the Poisk module was at 23:53 GMT on 27 March. On September 10 at 23:01 GMT Skvortsov, Artemev and Swanson undocked from the Poisk module in Soyuz TMA-12M. The deorbit burn at 01:30 GMT September 11 was followed by module separation at 01:58, atmosphere entry at 02:01, and landing in Kazakhstan at 02:23.


2014 May 28 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-13M - . Call Sign: Cepheus. Crew: Gerst, Surayev, Wiseman. Backup Crew: Cristoforetti, Shkaplerov, Virts. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 713. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-13M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 165.33 days. Decay Date: 2014-11-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 39775 . COSPAR: 2014-031A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 412 km (256 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.85 min. Docked with the Rassvet module of the ISS at 01:44 GMT May 29. Undocked from Rassvet at 00:31 GMT on November 10. The deorbit burn at 03:05 GMT reduced velocity by 128 m/s, dipping perigee into the atmosphere. Landed in Kazakhstan at 03:58 GMT..

2014 September 25 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-14M - . Call Sign: Tarkhany. Crew: Samokutyayev, Serova, Wilmore. Backup Crew: Kelly, Scott, Korniyenko, Padalka. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 714. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 167.24 days. Decay Date: 2015-03-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 40246 . COSPAR: 2014-057A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.60 min.

    Expedition 42 crew transported to the ISS (Samokutyaev, Wilmore and Serova). The port solar array failed to deploy after Soyuz separated from the launch vehicle third stage, but this did not impact the rendezvous. Soyuz TMA-14M docked with the Poisk module of the ISS at 02:11 GMT on September 26. Serova was the fourth Russian woman in space but the first since 1997. On March 11 2015 at 22:44 GMT Soyuz TMA-14M undocked from the Poisk module with the same crew aboard. It performed its deorbit burn at 01:16 GMT March 12 and landed in Kazakhstan at around 02:08 GMT.


2014 November 23 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-15M - . Call Sign: Astraeus. Crew: Cristoforetti, Shkaplerov, Virts. Backup Crew: Kimiya, Kononenko, Lindgren. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 715. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 199.70 days. Decay Date: 2015-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 40312 . COSPAR: 2014-074A. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 399 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.59 min.

    Docked at the Rassvet module of the ISS at 02:49 GMT on 24 November 2014 with the crew of Shkaplerov, Virts, and Cristoforetti. Return was delayed over a month before the booster for the Soyuz TMA-16M crew could be cleared for flight following the third-stage explosion of the booster for Progress TMA-11M. Undocked on 11 June 2015 with the same crew at 10:20 GMT and then landed at 13:43 in Kazakhstan.


2015 March 27 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-16M - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Kelly, Scott, Korniyenko, Padalka. Backup Crew: Ovchinin, Volkov, Sergey, Williams, Jeffrey. Return Crew: Aimbetov, Mogensen, Padalka. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 716. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Decay Date: 2015-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 40540 . COSPAR: 2015-016A. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    Docked with the Poisk module of the ISS at 5 hours 50 minutes after launch. Padalka was the commander, and Kelly and Kornienko were part of a long-duration crew that would spend nearly a year aboard the space station. On 28 August Padalka, Kelly and Kornienko flew Soyuz TMA-16M from the Poisk to Zvezda docking ports. Undocking from Poisk was at 07:12 GMT and docking with Zvezda was at 07:30 GMT. This freed the Poisk port for the TMA-18M arrival, and freed Zvezda for a refuelling spacecraft once TMA-16M returned to Earth. ISS EO- 44 concluded when Soyuz TMA-16M undocked from the Zvezda aft port at 21:29 GMT on 11 September, carrying Expedition 44 commander Padalka and EP-18 visiting crew members Mogensen and Aimbetov. Soyuz TMA-16M landed in Kazakhstan at 00:51:36 GMT on 12 September.


2015 July 22 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-17M - . Call Sign: Antares. Crew: Kimiya, Kononenko, Lindgren. Backup Crew: Kopra, Malenchenko, Peake. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 717. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. USAF Sat Cat: 40744 . COSPAR: 2015-035A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.60 min. One solar panel of the Soyuz failed to deploy after launch. Docked with the Rassvet module of the ISS at 02:45 GMT on 22 July..

2015 September 2 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-18M - . Crew: Aimbetov, Mogensen, Volkov. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 718. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. USAF Sat Cat: 40885 . COSPAR: 2015-043A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Docked with ISS at the Poisk port at 07:39 GMT on 4 September..


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