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Star bus
Starbus-C
Starbus-C
American communications satellite bus. The Orbital Star bus was designed for reliable and robust performance in a variety of LEO and GEO missions.

AKA: Indostar; Mexsat; Orbital Star; Star-2 bus. Status: Operational 1997. First Launch: 1997-11-12. Last Launch: 2015-05-27. Number: 34 .

Orbital's turn-key approach included the GEO satellite, launch services, ground stations, user systems and business support. The STAR GEO platform was designed for a 15-year mission life. STAR GEO Payload options included: C-, Ku-, Ka-, S-, Hybrid-band frequencies; payload power from 500 to 4,500 W; up to 42 transponders; shaped beams or spots with up to two deployable and one deck-mounted antenna systems.

Orbital's Star 1 bus and had a launch mass of 1298 kg. It carried a Thiokol Star 30 solid apogee motor and a set of station-keeping thrusters with 200 kg of propellant. The improved Star 2 satellite bus had a dry mass around 800 kg . It used an Orbital hydrazine/nitrogen tetroxide liquid apogee propulsion system with a 500N thrust apogee engine developed by Japan's IHI.

The Orbital Star bus was a flight-proven design that could deliver reliable and robust performance for a variety of LEO and GEO missions. Orbital's turn-key approach included the GEO satellite, launch services, ground stations, user systems and business support. The STAR GEO platform was designed for a 15-year mission life. STAR GEO Payload options included: C-, Ku-, Ka-, S-, Hybrid-band frequencies; payload power from 500 to 4,500 W; up to 42 transponders; shaped beams or spots with up to two deployable and one deck-mounted antenna systems.

A new era for Orbital began in November 1997 when its first GEO satellite, IndoStar-1, was launched aboard an Ariane 4 rocket from Kourou, French Guiana. Orbital built the IndoStar-1 satellite for Media Citra Indovision to deliver the first direct-to-home (DTH) satellite television to Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous county.

IndoStar-1 was the world's first commercial communications satellite to use S-band frequencies, which efficiently penetrated the atmosphere and provided high-quality transmissions to small-diameter antennas in regions that experience heavy rainfall such as Indonesia. Similar performance was not economically feasible with comparable Ku- or C-band DTH satellite systems since more power was required in these bands to penetrate the moist atmosphere.

Under the $175 million contract, Orbital served as the prime contractor for the turn-key system, including the space, ground and user segments. Specifically, Orbital provided:

  • The complete INDOVISION satellite television broadcasting system, including total system engineering
  • Coordination of activities for the Ariane 4 launch
  • The ground station for spacecraft telemetry, tracking, control and monitoring
  • Design and engineering management of the integrated receiver and decoder units
  • Subscriber management and conditional access security systems
  • Complete program risk management, system operations and maintenance
  • Customer: Media Citra Indovision (MCI) - Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Mission: Provide direct broadcast television to Indonesia (high quality digital transmission, approximately 40 TV channels)
  • Performance: Launch mass - 1,350 kg
  • Mission life - 12 years
  • Status: Satellite was launched via Ariane (V102) in November 1997

In early 2001, Orbital firmly established itself as a major U.S. GEO satellite supplier with a contract from PanAmSat Corporation, which owned and operated one of the world's largest private fleets of commercial GEO communications satellites. Orbital was selected to supply one C-band GEO satellite designated Galaxy XII to be located at 72 deg W longitude. In late 2001 PanAmSat exercised an option for two additional C-band spacecraft. The satellites were to distribute entertainment and information to cable television systems, TV broadcast affiliates, direct-to-home TV operators, Internet service providers, telecommunications companies and corporations.

Characteristics of this version of the Star bus were:

  • Customer: PanAmSat Corporation - Greenwich, Connecticut
  • Mission: C-band communications for CONUS, Alaska and Hawaii
  • Performance: Repeater - two groups of 16:12 linearized traveling wave tube assemblies (TWTAs)
  • Transponder Power - 37 watts RF at saturation at EOL
  • Stabilization - 3-axis, zero momentum
  • Launch mass - 1,760 kg
  • Mission life - 15 years (>15 years of fuel)
  • Status: Galaxy XII launch expected in early 2003.

Family: Communications, Geosynchronous orbit. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: R-7, Proton, Ariane, Ariane 44L, Ariane 5, Ariane 5G, Proton-M/Briz-M, Soyuz-FG, Ariane 5ECA, Ariane 5GS, Zenit-3SLB, Falcon 9. Projects: Galaxy, Intelsat. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Baikonur LC31, Cape Canaveral LC40, Baikonur LC81/24, Kourou, Baikonur LC200/39, Baikonur LC45/1, Kourou ELA2, Kourou ELA3. Agency: SES, OSC, BSAT, Indostar. More at: 13202, 13203, 13204, 13205, 13206, 13207, 13208, 13209, 13210, 13211, 13212, 13213, 13214, 13215. Bibliography: 2, 296, 4, 552, 554.


Photo Gallery

Amazonas 4AAmazonas 4A
Credit: Manufacturer Image


AMC 21AMC 21
Credit: Manufacturer Image


SES 1SES 1
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Starbus / N-StarStarbus / N-Star


Azerspace/Africasat Azerspace/Africasat
Credit: Manufacturer Image


BSAT-2aBSAT-2a
Credit: Manufacturer Image


BSAT-2cBSAT-2c
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Galaxy 12Galaxy 12
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Galaxy 15Galaxy 15
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Horizons 2Horizons 2
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Hylas 2Hylas 2
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Cakrawarta 1Cakrawarta 1
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Intelsat IS-15Intelsat IS-15
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Intelsat 16Intelsat 16
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Intelsat 18Intelsat 18
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Intelsat IS-23Intelsat IS-23
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Koreasat 6Koreasat 6
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Measat 3AMeasat 3A
Credit: Manufacturer Image


MEXSAT 3MEXSAT 3
Credit: Manufacturer Image


New Dawn → InteNew Dawn → Inte
Credit: Manufacturer Image


NSS 9NSS 9
Credit: Manufacturer Image


NStar cNStar c
Credit: Manufacturer Image


OHO 1OHO 1
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Optus D2Optus D2
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Optus D1Optus D1
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Intelsat IS-11Intelsat IS-11
Credit: Manufacturer Image


SES-8SES-8
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Star One C3Star One C3
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Telkom 2Telkom 2
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Thor 5Thor 5
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1997 November 12 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Cakrawarta 1 - . Payload: Indostar 1. Nation: Indonesia. Agency: Indostar. Manufacturer: McLean. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 25050 . COSPAR: 1997-071B. Apogee: 35,812 km (22,252 mi). Perigee: 35,761 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geosynchronous. Stationed over 100.6E Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 107 deg E in 1997-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 107.71 deg E drifting at 0.006 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 107.62E drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

2001 March 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • BSAT-2a - . Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: BSAT. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 26720 . COSPAR: 2001-011B. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    BSAT-2a was a Japanese geosynchronous communications spacecraft and the second Orbital STAR-class television broadcasting satellite. Its launch mass was 1317 kg; dry mass was 535 kg. The satellite had a Thiokol Star 30CBP solid apogee motor. The new BSTAR STAR-class satellites are a new design replacing the earlier Starbus type satellite of which only one (Cakrawarta 1) was launched. BSAT Corp. (Broadcasting Satellite System Corp.) earlier launched HS-376 satellites BSAT 1a and 1b, replacing the government's BS series which began Japanese direct broadcast services in 1978. The satellite was to be parked over 110 deg-E longitude to provide direct-to-home voice, video and internet communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 2001 As of 5 September 2001 located at 109.82 deg E drifting at 0.018 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 109.92E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day.


2001 July 12 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • BSAT-2b - . Mass: 3,105 kg (6,845 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: BSAT. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. Decay Date: 2014-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 26864 . COSPAR: 2001-029B. Apogee: 17,400 km (10,800 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 317.20 min.

    BSAT-2b was planned as a geosynchronous television broadcast satellite for the Japanese B-SAT company. It used Orbital's Star 1 bus and had a launch mass of 1298 kg. It carried a Thiokol Star 30 solid apogee motor and a set of station-keeping thrusters with 200 kg of propellant. A propulsion problem in the final stage of rocket stranded the satellite at a much lower altitude than planned. Since BSAT 2B carried only a soild propellant apogee kick motor, it was unable to maneuver itself to a useful orbit.


2002 July 5 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • NStar c - . Mass: 4,050 kg (8,920 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Stellat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: N-STAR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27461 . COSPAR: 2002-035B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Launch delayed from late June. The N-Star c satellite was an S-band satellite for mobile telephone communications for NTT DoCoMo of Japan. N-Star c had a communications payload built by Lockheed Martin and used the Star 2 bus from Orbital. The small Star 2 satellite had a dry mass around 800 kg and was the first flight of a new Orbital hydrazine/nitrogen tetroxide liquid apogee propulsion system with a 500N thrust apogee engine developed by Japan's IHI. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 135.92E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.


2003 April 9 - . 22:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Galaxy 12 - . Mass: 1,792 kg (3,950 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27715 . COSPAR: 2003-013B. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 125.09W drifting at 0.001W degrees per day..

2003 June 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • BSAT-2c - . Payload: Star 1. Mass: 1,298 kg (2,861 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: BSAT. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: BSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27831 . COSPAR: 2003-028B. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 155.98E drifting at 0.008W degrees per day..

2005 August 13 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Galaxy 14 - . Mass: 2,087 kg (4,601 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 28790 . COSPAR: 2005-030A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Payload swapped from Ariane 5. Launch delayed from December 2004; February 25, March 16 and 25, April 25, June 17, July 10 and 28, August 1, 6 and 12, 2005. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 125.05W drifting at 0.008W degrees per day..

2005 October 13 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS.
  • Galaxy 15 - . Mass: 2,033 kg (4,481 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 28884 . COSPAR: 2005-041A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Slated to provide satellite television services to the United States market. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 132.99W drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..

2005 November 16 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Telkom 2 - . Mass: 1,975 kg (4,354 lb). Nation: Indonesia. Agency: PT Telkom. Program: Palapa. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 28902 . COSPAR: 2005-046A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Satellite's launch delayed from April 14, May 31, October 27, November 10 and 12, 2005, for technical problems. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 118.00E drifting at 0.013W degrees per day..

2006 October 13 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Optus D1 - . Payload: Star-2. Nation: Australia. Agency: Optus. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 29495 . COSPAR: 2006-043B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Direct television broadcast to the Australian market. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 159.99E drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

2007 October 5 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS.
  • Optus D-2 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: Optus. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32252 . COSPAR: 2007-044A. Apogee: 35,889 km (22,300 mi). Perigee: 35,862 km (22,283 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.70 min.

    Ku-band satellite designed to deliver television, internet, communications, and data services to Australia and New Zealand. After deployment of the two satellites, the EPS third stage made a brief burn at 23:28 GMT to make the first in-flight test the Aestus engine's restart capability. This was to be used in 2008 in the first launch of the ATV ISS resupply spacecraft.

  • Intelsat IS-11 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32253 . COSPAR: 2007-044B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. C and Ku-band satellite designed to provide Atlantic region communications services..

2007 December 21 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS.
  • Horizons 2 - . Payload: Star-2. Mass: 2,350 kg (5,180 lb). Nation: Bermuda. Agency: Intelsat, JSAT. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Horizons. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32388 . COSPAR: 2007-063B. Apogee: 35,816 km (22,254 mi). Perigee: 35,815 km (22,254 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,437.50 min.

    Launched by Horizons Satellite Holdings LLC, a joint venture of Intelsat and the Japanese JSAT company. To be placed at 74 deg W to serve United States, eastern Canada, and the Caribbean with communication services using its 16-transmitter Ku-band communications payload.


2008 February 11 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Thor 5 - . Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Norway. Agency: ILS. Program: Thor Comsat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32487 . COSPAR: 2008-006A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Ku-band light geostationary satellite operated by Telenor Satellite Broadcasting..

2008 August 14 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • AMC 21 - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33277 . COSPAR: 2008-038D. Apogee: 35,677 km (22,168 mi). Perigee: 276 km (171 mi). Inclination: 2.1000 deg. Period: 630.40 min. Ku-band satellite for SES Americom's North American services, using an Orbital Star 2 bus and a Thales Alenia communications payload..

2009 February 11 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • NSS 9 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33749 . COSPAR: 2009-008A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2009 June 21 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB.
  • Measat 3A - . Mass: 2,370 kg (5,220 lb). Nation: Malaysia. Agency: SIS. Program: Measat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 35362 . COSPAR: 2009-032A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min.

2009 August 21 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Optus D3 - . Payload: Star-2.4. Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 35756 . COSPAR: 2009-044B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2009 November 30 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB.
  • Intelsat IS-15 - . Payload: Star-2. Mass: 2,484 kg (5,476 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SIS. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 36106 . COSPAR: 2009-067A. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite, providing services to Russia, the Middle East and the Indian Ocean area..

2010 February 12 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. Launch Pad: LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Intelsat 16 - . Payload: Intelsat IS-16 Star-2.4. Mass: 2,060 kg (4,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ILS. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 36397 . COSPAR: 2010-006A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Ku-band satellite providing backup for Sky Latin America service..

2010 April 24 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • SES 1 - . Payload: Star-2.4. Mass: 2,560 kg (5,640 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ILS. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 36516 . COSPAR: 2010-016A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite. Replaced AMC-2 and AMC-4 with Ku and C band services to the United States from 101 deg W..

2010 December 29 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Koreasat 6 - . Payload: Star-2. Mass: 2,850 kg (6,280 lb). Nation: Korea South. Program: Koreasat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37265 . COSPAR: 2010-070B. Apogee: 35,827 km (22,261 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,437.00 min. Ku band communications; 2850 kg loaded / 1150 kg unfuelled..

2011 April 22 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Intelsat New Dawn - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37392 . COSPAR: 2011-016A. Apogee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min.

    Communications satellite with C/Ku hybrid payload, and, to have been stationed at 32.8 deg E for coverage of Africa. New Dawn Satellite Co. Ltd. was a joint venture of Intelsat and Convergence Partners, Johannesburg, South Africa. Couldn't deploy its C-band antenna, although the Ku-band deployed and was functional.


2011 July 15 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • SES 3 - . Payload: Orbital Star-2.4E. Mass: 3,112 kg (6,860 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37748 . COSPAR: 2011-035A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. C/Ku band communications payload..

2011 September 21 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • SES 2 - . Payload: Orbital Star 2.4. Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37809 . COSPAR: 2011-049A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite with 24 C-band and 24 Ku-band transponders, and a US Air Force infrared surveillance sensor experiment..

2011 October 5 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB.
  • Intelsat 18 - . Payload: Orbital Star-2.4E. Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: USA. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37834 . COSPAR: 2011-056A. Apogee: 35,736 km (22,205 mi). Perigee: 35,725 km (22,198 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,433.20 min. Ku and C band communications satellite for Pacific Ocean communications, including special coverage for French Polynesia..

2012 August 2 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hylas 2 - . Mass: 3,311 kg (7,299 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38741 . COSPAR: 2012-043B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Carried 24 active Ka-band user beams and four gateway beams supporting corporate networking, broadband Internet access, and video distribution to Northern and Southern Africa, Eastern Europe and the Middle East..

2012 October 14 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Intelsat IS-23 - . Mass: 2,730 kg (6,010 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38867 . COSPAR: 2012-057A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Communications satellite to provide Ku and C band communications services for the Americas, Europe and Africa from 53 deg W. First Star-2 class satellite to be directly inserted into geosynchronous orbit by its launch vehicle rather than using spacecraft liquid apogee motor burns from a transfer orbit.


2012 November 10 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Star One C3 - . Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38991 . COSPAR: 2012-062A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. An Orbital Geostar-2.4E for Star One of Rio de Janeiro, successor to Brasilsat..

2012 December 19 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Mexsat-Bicentenario - . Payload: Star-2.4 Bus. Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 39035 . COSPAR: 2012-075B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Domestic Mexican Mobile Satellite Services using 12 Ku-band and 12 C-band transponders..

2013 February 7 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Azerspace - . Payload: Star-2 bus. Mass: 3,275 kg (7,220 lb). Nation: Azerbaijan. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 39079 . COSPAR: 2013-006B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.07 min. Operated by Azercosmos for the Azerbaijan Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies. Some capacity also used by Measat of Malaysia to provide services to Africa under the name Africasat-1A..

2013 December 3 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • SES-8 - . Payload: GeoStar-2.4 Bus. Mass: 3,170 kg (6,980 lb). Nation: SES. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 39460 . COSPAR: 2013-071A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.13 min.

    Communications satellite for SES World Skies. First geostationary launch for Falcon 9 launch vehicle. After reaching parking orbit the second stage reignited at 2308 GMT and placed SES-8 in a 423 x 79,977 km x 20.47 deg supersynchronous transfer orbit. SES-8 used its engine to move into its final geosynchronous orbit.


2014 March 22 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Amazonas 4A - . Mass: 2,938 kg (6,477 lb). Nation: Spain. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 39616 . COSPAR: 2014-011A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0900 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min. Orbital GeoStar-2.4 for Hispasat of Spain. Placed in 260 x 35,690 km x 3.0 deg GTO orbit by launch vehicle; used its own propulsion system to reach geoscynchronous orbit..

2015 May 27 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • SKYM-1 - . Mass: 3,182 kg (7,015 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 40664 . COSPAR: 2015-026B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.11 min. Television broadcast satellite for Sky Mexico, a joint venture of DirecTV and Mexico's Televisa. Geostationary, at 66.8W..


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