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Brazil

Alcantara

Alcantara
Credit: © Mark Wade

Brazil

People: Stapp, Pontes. Spacecraft: Phoenix Eye, Oscar, HS 376, ISS, FS-1300, SCD, HS 376W, Spacebus 3000, Star bus, SACI, Cubesat, SATEC, Unosat. Launch Vehicles: Arcas, Loki, Proton, Sonda, Sonda 1, Super Loki, Sonda 2, Hawk, Sonda 3, Sonda 3 M1, Ariane, Sonda 4, VLS, VLS-R1, Pegasus, MB/EE-150, MB/EE-350, MB/EE-600, Ariane 5, VS-30, VLS-1, VLM, VS-30/Orion, VSB-30, FTB, VS-40, SS-1000, SS-300, SS-60, SS-25. Projects: Brasilsat. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral, Andoya, Natal, Cassino, Kourou, Taiyuan, Alcantara, Kiritimati, Dombarovskiy. Stages: Sonda 1 Booster, Sonda 1 engine, S-30 engine, S-31, S-23, S-43, S-44, S-40TM, S-43TM, S-20. Agency: NASA, IAE, INPE, DLR, Telebras, Arianespace, El Segundo, .



1910 July 11 - .
  • Birth of John Paul Stapp - . Nation: Brazil, USA. Related Persons: Stapp. American USAF flight surgeon. In 1946-1958 pioneer research with rocket sleds and balloons; defined human tolerances for G-forces, altitude, and blast, essential data for design of aerospacecraft. Personally underwent the most grueling tests..

1963 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Marcos Cesar Pontes - . Nation: Brazil. Related Persons: Pontes. Brazilian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-10..

1965 April 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 April 13 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1966 June 29 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1966 July 15 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 07:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1966 September 14 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 October 12 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1966 November 5 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 16 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 January 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1967 February 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1967 February 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 March 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1967 March 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 June 14 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1967 July 12 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1967 August 2 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1967 August 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 September 13 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1967 October 25 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1967 November 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1968 January 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1968 January 31 - . 15:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 April 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 May 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1968 May 29 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1968 June 12 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1968 July 24 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 September 18 - . 15:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1968 October 16 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1968 November 13 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 February 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Serido test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1976 September 21 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi).

1977 March 31 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi).

1977 October 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1978 April 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi).

1978 September 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1979 August 23 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1980 August 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1980 December 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1981 December 10 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1982 June 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • BIME Test Flight test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi).

1983 June 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Manicore Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 599 km (372 mi).

1984 July 26 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi).

1984 November 21 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi).

1985 February 8 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • Brasilsat A1 - . Mass: 671 kg (1,479 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 15561 . COSPAR: 1985-015B. Apogee: 35,999 km (22,368 mi). Perigee: 35,983 km (22,358 mi). Inclination: 5.9000 deg. Period: 1,446.60 min.

    Stationed at 65 deg W. Brazilsat 1 & 2 provide telecommunications services to Brazil. Canada's Spar Aerospace was awarded a $125 million contract to build, under license, two satellites based on Hughes' HS-376 design (similar to Anik D). Brazilsat 1 & 2 were the first two elements of Brazil's national Sistema Barasilero de Telecommunicacoes por Satelite (SBTS) network. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-376, single antenna on despun platform, spin stabilised, hydrazine thrusters, body mounted solar cells provide 982 W BOL. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory
    Financial/Operational:
    Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. B1-B2 have dedicated transponders for government use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 65 deg W in 1985-1994; 63 deg W in 1994-1996; 79 deg W in 1996-1998; 144 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 143.96 deg W drifting at 0.005 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 145.69E drifting at 2.591W degrees per day.


1985 April 4 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROCOZ-A 341 - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1985 November 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4.
  • GL A40.401 (HARP) test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi).

1985 December 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1985 December 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi).

1986 March 28 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • Brasilsat A2 - . Mass: 1,243 kg (2,740 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 16650 . COSPAR: 1986-026B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 4.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 105 deg W. Brazilsat 1 & 2 provide telecommunications services to Brazil. Canada's Spar Aerospace was awarded a $125 million contract to build, under license, two satellites based on Hughes' HS-376 design (similar to Anik D). Brazilsat 1 & 2 were the first two elements of Brazil's national Sistema Barasilero de Telecommunicacoes por Satelite (SBTS) network. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-376, single antenna on despun platform, spin stabilised, hydrazine thrusters, body mounted solar cells provide 982 W BOL. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory
    Financial/Operational:
    Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. B1-B2 have dedicated transponders for government use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 70 deg W in 1986-1995; 92 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 62.91 deg W drifting at 0.007 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 32.58W drifting at 2.263W degrees per day.


1986 November 1 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • INPE-003 / 86 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 444 km (275 mi).

1987 November 8 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1989 March 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi).

1989 May 18 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • Oscar 17 - . Payload: Microsat 2. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 20440 . COSPAR: 1990-005E. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 780 km (480 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1990 February 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Alcantara Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1990 November 26 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Manival Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1990 November 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1991 April 29 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).

1991 December 9 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Aguas Belas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1992 June 1 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1992 October 31 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Ponta de Areia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1993 February 9 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Mayport DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus.
  • SCD-1 - . Payload: SCD 1 / Orbcomm CDS. Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SCD. Spacecraft: SCD. USAF Sat Cat: 22490 . COSPAR: 1993-009B. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 729 km (452 mi). Inclination: 25.0000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Environmental data relay. The SCD-1 (Data Collection Satellite 1) was a Brazilian satellite designed for the collection of meteorological data relayed by data collection platforms spread throughout the Brazilian territory. Air dropped in Mayport DZ..

1993 March 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Maruda Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1993 April 2 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-40.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 950 km (590 mi).

1993 November 17 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi).

1994 June 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Oituia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1994 August 10 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Brasilsat B1 - . Payload: HS 376W. Mass: 1,765 kg (3,891 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Tele Mex. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 23199 . COSPAR: 1994-049A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min.

    28 C-band transponders, 1 X-band transponder (military). Stationed at 70.05 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 70 deg W in 1994-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 70.00 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 71.44W drifting at 0.304W degrees per day.


1995 March 28 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Brasilsat B2 - . Payload: HS 376W. Mass: 1,780 kg (3,920 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 23536 . COSPAR: 1995-016A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 65.1 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 65 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 65.06 deg W drifting at 0.022 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 65.05W drifting at 0.012W degrees per day..

1995 December 19 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1996 August 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1997 November 2 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. FAILURE: Destroyed during launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SCD-2A - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SCD. Spacecraft: SCD. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). The SCD-2A (Data Collection Satellite 2A) was a Brazilian satellite designed for the collection of meteorological data relayed by data collection platforms spread throughout the Brazilian territory..

1998 February 4 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Brasilsat B3 - . Payload: HS 376W. Mass: 1,770 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 25152 . COSPAR: 1998-006A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geostationary at 84.0 degrees W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 84 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 84.03 deg W drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 84.07W drifting at 0.013W degrees per day..

1998 March 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-40.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1998 October 23 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Mayport DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus H.
  • SCD-2 - . Mass: 110 kg (240 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: McLean. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SCD. Spacecraft: SCD. USAF Sat Cat: 25504 . COSPAR: 1998-060A. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi). Perigee: 736 km (457 mi). Inclination: 25.0000 deg. Period: 99.80 min.

    Brazil's SCD-2 satellite was aboard Orbital Science's L-1011 Stargazer aircraft when it took off from the Cape Canaveral Air Station's Skid Strip (Runway 02/20, 28.2N 80.6W) at 23:05 GMT on Oct 22 and flew to the drop zone near Cape Canaveral (in the Mayport, Florida, Warning Area) at 29.0N 78.3W. The Pegasus ignited 5 seconds after drop. The first stage carried a NASA experiment attached to its right wing, to study hypersonic boundary layer separation. The 115 kg Satelite de Coleta de Dados (Data Collection Satellite) relays data from environmental monitoring stations. Air dropped in Mayport DZ.


1999 March 15 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • Operacao San Marcos Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1999 October 14 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • SACI 1 - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: SISE. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SACI. Spacecraft: SACI. USAF Sat Cat: 25941 . COSPAR: 1999-057B. Apogee: 731 km (454 mi). Perigee: 719 km (446 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. INPE experimental scientific satellite with a magnetometer, particle detectors and an atmospheric experiment. INPE reportedly lost contact with the satellite in mid-October..

1999 December 11 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. FAILURE: Second stage failed to ignite; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SACI-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SACI. Spacecraft: SACI. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Second attempted launch of Brazil's indigenous launcher..

2000 February 6 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • Lencois Maranhenses Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

2000 August 17 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Brasilsat B-4 - . Payload: HS 376W. Mass: 1,757 kg (3,873 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 26469 . COSPAR: 2000-046A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Brasilsat B4 was a C-band geosynchronous communications satellite, replacing the 15-year-old Brasilsat A2 for the Brazilian communications company Embratel. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 75 deg W in 2000. As of 2 September 2001 located at 92.03 deg W drifting at 0.011 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 70.08W drifting at 0.020W degrees per day.


2000 December 9 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Alecrim Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

2002 May 12 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Parnamirim F2Glow-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 593 km (368 mi).

2002 November 23 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • Piraperna Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 434 km (269 mi).

2002 December 1 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cuma Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

2003 August 22 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. FAILURE: Failure - Exploded on pad during final prelaunch processing. 21 people were killed, with none injured.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SATEC - . Payload: SATEC. Mass: 57 kg (125 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SATEC. Spacecraft: SATEC. COSPAR: F20030822A.

    Launch was due on August 25. Was to have been on third qualification flight after two previous failures. The launch had already been delayed from October 2002, then May 7 and June 20 2003. It appeared that one of the strapon boosters ignited by accident. The two satellite payloads were also destroyed in the blast, as was the launch pad.

  • Unosat - . Payload: Unosat. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Parana. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Unosat. Spacecraft: Unosat. COSPAR: F20030822B.

2004 January 11 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Estrela do Sul 1 (Skynet Brazil 1, Telstar 14) - . Mass: 4,694 kg (10,348 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Skynet Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28137 . COSPAR: 2004-001A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Range: 0 km (0 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Initially planned for launch on Delta 4M+ (4,2). Launch delayed from January 10. Placed in geosynchronous orbit but reports indicated there were problems deploying one of the solar panels. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.07W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.


2004 October 23 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cajuana test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

    Unguided test launch. During the 45 seconds total burn time of both motors the vehicle was accelerated to a final velocity of 1676 m/s. The payload segment with an approximate weight of 400 kg was carried to an apogee height of almost 240 km, which was reached 252 seconds after lift-off. At T+650 seconds the payload landed 190 km northeast of the launch site in the ocean, only 700 meters from the nominal impact point.


2005 October 27 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • SHEFEX Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

2007 July 19 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cuma II Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

2007 September 19 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • CBERS-2B ZY-1 FM2B - . Mass: 1,452 kg (3,201 lb). Nation: Brazil, China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Phoenix Eye. Spacecraft: Phoenix Eye. USAF Sat Cat: 32062 . COSPAR: 2007-042A. Apogee: 775 km (481 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.30 min.

    Third China-Brazil joint earth resources satellite. Much higher resolution optics and multispectral sensors expected to be useful for some military applications as well. The satellite raised its orbit to its operational altitude of 773 km two days after launch.


2007 November 14 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Star One C1 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B3. Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 3000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32293 . COSPAR: 2007-056A. Apogee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Formerly named Brasilsat C1, the satellite was launched as part of a joint venture between several South American countries with Brazil's Embratel taking a lead role..

2007 December 16 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • Angicos GPS technology mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2008 April 18 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Star One C2 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B3. Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 3000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32768 . COSPAR: 2008-018B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite owned by Brazilian operator Star One with C, Ku and X-band transponders.

2008 October 27 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Parelhas - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2009 May 29 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maracati 1 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Test.

2009 August 10 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • [Assume LT=Z-3] - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2009 August 13 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi).

2009 October 20 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2009 October 21 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 February 25 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 April 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 April 29 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 July 26 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 August 3 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

2010 September 20 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 September 30 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 December 6 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maracati 2 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Range test prior to Microg 1A launch..

2010 December 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MICROG 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Microgravity payload..

2011 April 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2011 May 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Camurupim - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2011 May 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

2011 May 27 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

2011 June 16 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2011 June 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2011 August 31 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

2011 September 2 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2011 October 20 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2011 November 25 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Brasil-Alemanha - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
  • Orion V05 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2011 December 2 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • VS30 V08 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

2012 March 14 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 March 29 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 May 21 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 May 29 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 June 21 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 August 8 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 September 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 September 27 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 October 31 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 November 7 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 November 10 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Star One C3 - . Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38991 . COSPAR: 2012-062A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. An Orbital Geostar-2.4E for Star One of Rio de Janeiro, successor to Brasilsat..

2012 November 13 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi). Z-3.

2012 November 29 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2012 December 8 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • AEB VS30/O V10 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Ionosphere instruments..

2013 March 13 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2013 May 23 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2013 June 13 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2013 June 26 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi). Z-3.

2013 August 8 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Z-3.

2013 December 9 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B. FAILURE: Failed to reach orbit; third stage shut down 11 seconds early..
  • CBERS-3 ZY-1 FM 3 - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Phoenix Eye. Spacecraft: Phoenix Eye. China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite. It was initially reported the launch was a success, but in fact the CZ-4B rocket failed to reach orbit..

2014 March 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Z-3.

2014 May 9 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Op. Aguia I - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2014 June 19 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Nanosat C BR1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Brazil. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40024 . COSPAR: 2014-033Q. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 97.9800 deg. Period: 96.94 min. 1U cubesat for the Southern Regional Space Research Center..

2014 September 2 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • EPL-ME - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Test of Brazi's first liquid propulsion system, the 5 kN LOX/ethanol EPL L5, as a second stage on a VS-30 sounding rocket..

2015 February 5 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo RMS.
  • AESP-14 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 40389 . COSPAR: 1998-067FM. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 397 km (246 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. ISS cubesat deploys resumed after a five-month hiatus following deployer problems. Brazil's AESP-14 cubesat was ejected but appeared not to be transmitting..

2015 July 15 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Star One C4 - . Mass: 5,635 kg (12,423 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 40733 . COSPAR: 2015-034B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 1,436.11 min. Direct broadcast television satellite for the Brazilian operator Embratel Star One. Geosynchronous orbit stationed at 70W.

2015 September 17 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-3.
  • SERPENS - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: CubeSat. USAF Sat Cat: 40897 . COSPAR: 1998-067GX. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 380 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.19 min. SERPENS 3U cubesat from the University of Brasilia; ejected from the J-SSOD deployer on the Kibo robot arm on 17 September..


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