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Alcantara

Alcantara

Alcantara
Credit: © Mark Wade

Alcantara Space Center. Sounding rocket and the launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here.

AKA: CLA. First Launch: 1990-02-21. Last Launch: 2014-05-09. Number: 83 . Location: Maranhao. Longitude: -44.3774 deg. Latitude: -2.3652 deg.

Minimum Inclination: 2.0 degrees. Maximum Inclination: 100.0 degrees.



Subtopics

Alcantara VLS VLS launch complex.

Alcantara HAD HAD launcher

Alcantara RAG RAG launcher

Alcantara MRL MRL launcher

Alcantara UL UL launcher

Family: Orbital Launch Site, Tomahawk Sandia. Country: Brazil. Spacecraft: SCD, SACI, SATEC, Unosat. Launch Vehicles: Nike Tomahawk, Viper, Black Brant VC, Sonda 2, Sonda 3, Nike Orion, Black Brant X, Improved Orion, VS-30, VLS-1, VS-30/Orion, VSB-30, VS-40. Launch Sites: Alcantara VLS, Alcantara HAD, Alcantara RAG, Alcantara MRL, Alcantara UL. Agency: AEB. Bibliography: 2.
Photo Gallery

AlcantaraAlcantara
Location of Alcantara
Credit: © Mark Wade



1990 February 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Alcantara Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1990 November 26 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Manival Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1991 December 9 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Aguas Belas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1992 June 1 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1992 October 31 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Ponta de Areia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1993 March 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Maruda Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1993 April 2 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-40.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 950 km (590 mi).

1994 August 16 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 17 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 18 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 19 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 19 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 19 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 19 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 19 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 19 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1994 August 20 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 20 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1994 August 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 23 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 24 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 24 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 24 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 24 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 24 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 24 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1994 August 25 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 25 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 25 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1994 August 25 - . 01:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1994 September 9 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1994 September 21 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 October 6 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1994 October 14 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • GUARA High Altitude Spread F Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 956 km (594 mi).

1994 October 15 - . 13:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1995 December 19 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1997 April 28 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • DLR AL-VS30-223 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, INPE. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1997 November 2 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. FAILURE: Destroyed during launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SCD-2A - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SCD. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). The SCD-2A (Data Collection Satellite 2A) was a Brazilian satellite designed for the collection of meteorological data relayed by data collection platforms spread throughout the Brazilian territory..

1998 March 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-40.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1999 March 15 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • Operacao San Marcos Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1999 December 11 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. FAILURE: Second stage failed to ignite; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SACI-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SACI. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Second attempted launch of Brazil's indigenous launcher..

2000 February 6 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • Lencois Maranhenses Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

2000 August 21 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • Baronesa Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: AEB, DLR. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

2002 November 23 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • Piraperna Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 434 km (269 mi).

2002 December 1 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cuma Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

2003 August 22 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. FAILURE: Failure - Exploded on pad during final prelaunch processing. 21 people were killed, with none injured.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SATEC - . Payload: SATEC. Mass: 57 kg (125 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SATEC. COSPAR: F20030822A.

    Launch was due on August 25. Was to have been on third qualification flight after two previous failures. The launch had already been delayed from October 2002, then May 7 and June 20 2003. It appeared that one of the strapon boosters ignited by accident. The two satellite payloads were also destroyed in the blast, as was the launch pad.

  • Unosat - . Payload: Unosat. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Parana. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Unosat. COSPAR: F20030822B.

2004 October 23 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cajuana test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

    Unguided test launch. During the 45 seconds total burn time of both motors the vehicle was accelerated to a final velocity of 1676 m/s. The payload segment with an approximate weight of 400 kg was carried to an apogee height of almost 240 km, which was reached 252 seconds after lift-off. At T+650 seconds the payload landed 190 km northeast of the launch site in the ocean, only 700 meters from the nominal impact point.


2007 July 19 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cuma II Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

2009 May 29 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maracati 1 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Test.

2009 August 10 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • [Assume LT=Z-3] - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2009 August 13 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi).

2010 April 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 July 26 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 September 20 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 September 30 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2010 December 6 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maracati 2 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Range test prior to Microg 1A launch..

2010 December 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MICROG 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Microgravity payload..

2011 May 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

2011 May 27 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

2011 June 16 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2011 June 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2011 August 31 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

2011 September 2 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2012 March 14 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 May 21 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 May 29 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 August 8 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 September 27 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 October 31 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 November 7 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 November 13 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi). Z-3.

2012 November 29 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2012 December 8 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • AEB VS30/O V10 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Ionosphere instruments..

2013 May 23 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2013 June 13 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2013 August 8 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Z-3.

2014 March 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Z-3.

2014 May 9 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Op. Aguia I - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2014 September 2 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • EPL-ME - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Test of Brazi's first liquid propulsion system, the 5 kN LOX/ethanol EPL L5, as a second stage on a VS-30 sounding rocket..


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