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Black Brant X
Part of Black Brant Family
Black Brant
Black Brant
Black Brant 10
Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Black Brant VB or VC + 1 x Nihka. Payload 90 kg to 1,200 km or 317 kg to 550 km.

AKA: Black Brant 10. Status: Active. First Launch: 1981-08-14. Last Launch: 2010-08-04. Number: 30 . Thrust: 257.00 kN (57,775 lbf). Gross mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Height: 14.50 m (47.50 ft). Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft). Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

The Black Brant X rocket system was a three-stage system, and unique because the third stage motor was ignited once the vehicle system reached exoatmospheric conditions. The first stage booster consisted of a Terrier MK 12 Mod 1 rocket motor with four 0.22 square meter fin panels arranged in a cruciform configuration. The finless third stage was the Nihka rocket motor, developed specifically for the Black Brant X rocket system by Bristol Aerospace. The standard payload configuration for the Black Brant X vehicle was 44 cm in diameter with a 3:1 ogive nose shape. Payload length and weight limits for the Black Brant X were the same as the Black Brant V. Standard hardware systems available for Black Brant V motors included aft recovery systems, payload separation systems (including High Velocity Separation System) and despin systems. These units were modular "stackable" so that a great deal of flexibility existed in meeting experiment requirements.



Country: Canada. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, Poker Flat, Andoya, Barking Sands, Wallops Island LA2, Cape Parry, Sonde Stromfjord, Alcantara. Stages: Nihka, 26KS20000, X-256. Agency: Bristol.

1981 August 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 625 km (388 mi).

1981 December 1 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CENTAUR Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi).

1981 December 13 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CENTAUR Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 662 km (411 mi).

1982 April 16 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1982 April 20 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,195 km (742 mi).

1983 April 10 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi).

1984 February 7 - . 09:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi).

1984 March 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 948 km (589 mi).

1984 April 1 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 954 km (592 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 09:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 769 km (477 mi).

1985 February 10 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • TOPAZ I Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi).

1986 January 18 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CENTAUR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 676 km (420 mi).

1986 April 1 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 912 km (566 mi).

1986 April 13 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 977 km (607 mi).

1986 April 22 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1986 May 13 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CVE Ba Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1987 March 7 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1987 December 14 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • SPEAR I Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1988 January 19 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • TOPAZ II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 926 km (575 mi).

1988 March 4 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • UCB Alaska '88 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 December 17 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CUSP Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi).

1989 May 4 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CRIT-2? Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1989 July 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1989 July 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1990 April 5 - . 13:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • WISP 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 586 km (364 mi).

1993 July 22 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • WISP 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1994 October 14 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • GUARA High Altitude Spread F Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 956 km (594 mi).

1999 February 11 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • ENSTROPHY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 1,071 km (665 mi).

2007 February 14 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • HEX-II H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2010 August 4 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • NASA 12.073GT - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Qualification test of a new version of the Black Brant's Nikha solid motor..


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