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Nike Tomahawk
Part of Tomahawk Family
Nike Tomahawk
Nike Tomahawk
American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km.

Status: Retired 1995. First Launch: 1963-06-25. Last Launch: 1995-11-27. Number: 407 . Payload: 45 kg (99 lb). Thrust: 217.00 kN (48,783 lbf). Gross mass: 990 kg (2,180 lb). Height: 10.80 m (35.40 ft). Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft). Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

The sounding rocket was originally designed by the Sandia Corporation in support of Atomic Energy Commission programs. It was subsequently adopted by NASA and Germany for scientific studies.

From NASA SOUNDING ROCKETS, 1958-1968 - A Historical Summary, NASA SP-4401, 1971, by William R. Corliss

The Nike-Tomahawk also saw considerable operational use by NASA beginning in 1965. Originally developed by the Thiokol Chemical Corp. for Sandia Corp., the acting agent for the AEC, the Nike-Tomahawk carried a larger payload to higher altitudes than the Nike-Apache.

Payload: 45 kg (99 lb) to a 370 km altitude.



Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Country: USA. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands, Cape Canaveral, Poker Flat, Fort Churchill, Tonopah, Johnston Island, Eglin, Wallops Island LA4, Kwajalein, Andoya, Barking Sands, Thumba, San Marco, Kiruna, Natal, Rarotonga, Arecibo, Arecibo VB, Cassino, Johnston Island HAD23, Tonopah HAD4, Barking Sands LC14, Poker Flat LC1, Cape Parry, Barter Island, Hall Beach, Barking Sands LC10, Sonde Stromfjord, Chilca, Siple, Red Lake, Red Lake CHK, Siple RAG, Andoya Haugnes, Alcantara. Stages: M5E1, TE-416. Agency: Sandia.

1963 June 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 November 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1963 November 22 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • HRT test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1964 January 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1964 January 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL 12" Payload test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1964 January 28 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Density Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 March 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1964 March 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL 12-inch payload test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 May 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi).

1964 May 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi).

1964 May 15 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1964 May 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Stovepipe Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1964 May 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1964 May 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 May 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 June 29 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 July 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1964 July 6 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic (Sun) Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL SAP Camera Test / technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 July 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL SAP Camera Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1964 July 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 July 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1964 July 30 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1964 August 5 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 August 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1964 November 9 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1964 November 13 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1964 November 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1964 November 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 November 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 November 30 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • HHRT test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 January 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic (TTR?) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 March 6 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 March 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 November 9 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 10 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Environment Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 November 22 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL BOX-3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 November 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 March 23 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1966 May 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Radiochemistry? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1966 May 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS test Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 July 28 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-6 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1966 September 1 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 17 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 19 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler (Camera) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-7 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1966 September 22 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL AXE-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 September 25 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1966 November 8 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH / Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Diurnal thermosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1967 January 25 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1967 January 28 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Particle fluxes Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1967 February 28 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1967 March 9 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1967 March 27 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH neutrons Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1967 March 30 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GCA Ion Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1967 March 31 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Release Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 April 13 - . 07:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1967 April 19 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1967 April 25 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1967 April 25 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi).

1967 April 28 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1967 May 18 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-10 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1967 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL BOX-9 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1967 June 6 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH neutron flux Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Double probe Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • 4 Barium clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-8a X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba clouds, E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1967 September 18 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1967 September 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Solar Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1967 September 29 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island HAD23. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-12 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 October 2 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-11 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 October 3 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Solar Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1967 October 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1967 October 4 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1967 October 5 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1967 November 23 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1967 December 14 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NO / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere currents Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 6 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH Aurora / Fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 6 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 February 9 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 February 22 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1968 February 23 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1968 February 23 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 28 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 March 2 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral P / F Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1968 March 15 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 March 18 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral P / F Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 March 21 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral emissions Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1968 April 4 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1968 April 25 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • p / e flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 April 25 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1968 April 30 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1968 May 3 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1968 May 9 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-14 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1968 May 12 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 May 13 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ba release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC14. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-8b X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1968 May 18 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ion gages Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 May 19 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1968 May 24 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ion gages Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 May 24 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • O2 absorption Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 July 31 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • JHU Airglow 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1968 August 9 - . 07:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1968 August 20 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1968 August 21 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1968 August 27 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 18 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1968 September 21 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 23 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 October 1 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 19 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1968 October 16 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1968 November 8 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Rocket EMP Test 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 January 26 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 7 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 8 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 9 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 06:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1969 April 18 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetic field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1969 May 17 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-8c X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1969 May 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Rocket EMP Test 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NO / Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Planetary Mass Spec Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 September 11 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL RCS-3 (Daisy III) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 October 4 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRL AH08.645 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-5 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1970 January 13 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ROX-3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1970 January 16 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral extreme ultraviolet Aurora / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 03:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1970 February 3 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 25 / Polar 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1970 February 4 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1970 February 5 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1970 February 10 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 1A Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 1B Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 3 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 2B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 2A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 4 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 3B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 5 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Dual Ba 3A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 24 Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • B field / particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ISRO 17.03 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ISRO 17.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ISRO 17.02? Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1970 March 26 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1970 April 11 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 May 5 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC14. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1B [or 0822] X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1970 May 27 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1970 June 7 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1970 July 30 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 October 7 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 November 10 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 November 13 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 23 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1970 November 18 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 10 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DLR W-NT-36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DLR W-NT-37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 January 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1971 January 16 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MUMP 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release / Brigitte Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1971 January 22 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 26 / Polar 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release / Erika Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1971 February 14 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 11 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 15 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 16 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 17 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 18 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1971 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 21 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1971 March 27 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 31 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1971 May 25 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC10. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LEINAX I X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NO density - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 October 5 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1971 October 30 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Rocket EMP Test 3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1971 November 17 - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1972 January 13 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 29 / Electra Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 February 2 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 February 7 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • RTG SNT 7 / 1 (S7-1) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 31 / Proton 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1972 February 25 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 May 22 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 June 2 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1C X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 November 5 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 November 6 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1973 January 16 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 32 / Proton 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1973 February 6 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Caribou VII Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1973 February 6 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 30 / Electra-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S7-2 (SNT 7 / 2) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1973 March 16 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1973 March 21 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 27 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1973 March 30 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1973 March 31 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1973 June 30 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1973 July 28 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release YVONNE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 January 17 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 22 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 27 - . 19:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 35 / Polar 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 2 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 1 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 March 10 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1974 July 2 - . 12:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1974 July 8 - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 November 25 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1974 December 13 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 37 / Polar 4 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1975 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 January 31 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 February 5 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 March 1 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 March 18 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 March 23 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1975 April 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1975 April 13 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 April 13 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 April 16 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1975 June 3 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1975 June 7 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1975 September 3 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 23 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 24 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1975 December 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1976 January 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S17 / 1 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1976 February 1 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 45 / Polar 5 Aurora / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1976 February 18 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • FERRET / 18.1003UE Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1976 March 1 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S17 / 2 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 March 27 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 27 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 30 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 June 29 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 August 12 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • NASA 18.1006UE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1976 August 22 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CUSP II Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 August 27 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 September 21 - . 12:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1976 September 23 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1976 September 30 - . 12:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1976 October 29 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1976 November 27 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 39 (Harang) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 January 8 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1977 January 23 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1977 February 6 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S21 / 2 TRIGGER Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1977 February 16 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 46 Aeronomy / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1977 April 8 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral extreme ultraviolet Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1977 August 17 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1977 August 18 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1977 December 11 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1978 February 27 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 2 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 10 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 27 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1978 March 29 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1978 May 6 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DNA Avefria Uno - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1978 May 20 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DNA Avefria Dos - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1978 June 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1978 June 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1978 September 15 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CLUSTER ION Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 41 (Elec 3) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 40 (Elec 2) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1978 December 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Range check mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Range check. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 April 15 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 April 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DMSP MS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DMSP DENS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1980 February 21 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • PULSAUR I Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1980 December 20 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 January 10 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1981 October 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1981 October 25 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 51 Auroral mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1982 April 15 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 April 16 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 October 5 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 4 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1982 October 23 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 3 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1982 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 2 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1982 December 14 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 1 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1983 November 9 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • IMS Release (SF6) Plasma release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • COPE II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 March 6 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 May 25 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • EL COQUI AA-3A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 February 2 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 November 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 November 27 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).


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