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NDRE
Norwegian Defense Research Establishment, Norway.

AKA: Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt (FFI). Location: Oslo-Kjeller.



Country: Norway.

1963 September 1 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 5 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 September 12 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 4 Ionosphere / plasma / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1964 March 12 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 6 Aurora / plasma / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1964 March 15 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 7 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1964 March 19 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 8 Ionosphere / plasma / solar mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 12 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1966 March 21 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • D-region composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1966 June 26 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • 50 / 70 Hz probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1967 March 3 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 14 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1967 March 14 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 15 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1974 January 27 - . 19:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 35 / Polar 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 August 18 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 36 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1974 December 13 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 37 / Polar 4 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1981 October 25 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 51 Auroral mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1985 November 10 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Ferdinand 62 / MAIMIK Active plasma / tether mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T1 Bugatti 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT13 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT50 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT62 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT73 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT76 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT84 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1993 August 1 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SCT-06 (CONE) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1997 November 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 Mk II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISBJORN-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1997 November 20 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ISBJORN-2 (MD-5) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1999 July 4 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MIDAS chaff Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Mini-Dusty MD06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Mini-Midas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 02:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 03:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Mini-Dusty MD07? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 14 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 16 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 16 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1999 July 16 - . 10:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS / DROPPS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 6 - . 16:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 6 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 6 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Ferdinand-115 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2000 May 15 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 May 15 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Ferdinand-116 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2000 May 15 - . 01:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Ferdinand 117 / MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 May 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Hotel Dart test - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2001 June 8 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 12 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 14 - . 01:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 16 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 21 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2003 November 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ICI-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

2005 July 4 - . 08:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • IMEF Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).


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