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Kiruna
Kiruna
Kiruna
Credit: © Mark Wade
The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles.

AKA: ESRANGE. First Launch: 1966-11-19. Last Launch: 2014-05-29. Number: 535 . Location: Kiruna. Longitude: 21.1043 deg. Latitude: 67.8934 deg.

The geographical location of the site, close to the pole, means that satellites flying in polar orbits can be monitored and contacted more frequently than from more southerly locations. Over the years, equipment for satellite operations has been put in the area: first for remote sensing satellites, then for scientific satellites and finally for telecommunication satellites. The addition of these facilities has made the Kiruna area into a major space center in Europe.

The Esrange facility includes a complete satellite station for TT&C (Telemetry, Tracking and Command) and reception of data from various satellites, a control station for telecommunications satellites, and facilities for launching sounding rockets and stratospheric balloons.

Launching of rockets and balloons is carried out under the EASP agreement, which is a special project within the European Space Agency (ESA). Esrange's well-equipped launching facility is able to deal with most types of rockets, including large rockets such as Skylark 12, Terrier Black Brant and Castor 4B. More than 450 rockets have been launched from Esrange since its inauguration in 1966. As the impact area of 120x75 km is on land, payloads are speedily recovered by helicopter and it is extremely uncommon that a payload is lost. Most experiments carried are in the fields of microgravity, upper atmosphere chemistry and space physics.

Esrange is also used to launch stratospheric balloons. Balloons with a volume of up to 2 million m3 can be handled, allowing a payload of 2 metric tons to be carried to an altitude of 45 km. A vast area, comprising the whole of northern Scandinavia and European Russia, is available for impact. Payload recovery is a standard procedure carried out by helicopter. Balloons at Esrange are mainly used for upper atmospheric research, such as studies of the depletion of the ozone layer. Balloons are also used for validation of satellite payloads, astronomical experiments and testing of technical systems to be carried on board space probes for planetary missions.

Esrange offers services and ground systems to scientists, space organizations and the space industry to support scientific satellite operations. Radio communication can be established at almost every pass for satellites in polar circular orbits and for extended periods of time for satellites in elliptical orbits. This communication includes data reception and also telecommand transmission by means of flexible, high performance ground systems that can easily be adapted for special requirements. At Telecom Esrange there is a fully equipped Satellite Control Station from which the SIRIUS telecommunication satellite system is controlled.



Subtopics

Kiruna C Belier launch complex. Centaure launcher

Kiruna N Nike launchers (West and East)

Kiruna S Skylark launch complex. Skylark Tower.

Kiruna A Aries launch complex. Aries/Maxus tower.

Kiruna MRL Black Brant launch complex. MRL Launcher.

Kiruna L Super Loki/Viper Launchers.

Family: Suborbital Launch Site, Tomahawk Sandia. Country: Sweden. Spacecraft: ESRO. Launch Vehicles: Nike Cajun, Skylark 1, Orion OLV, Nike Apache, Skylark 2, Black Brant II, Skua 1, Centaure, Centaure 1, Centaure 2A, Centaure 2B, Centaure 2C, Black Brant III, Skylark 7, Nike Tomahawk, Skylark 3, Black Brant VB, Boosted Arcas 2, Petrel 1, Skylark 6, Skua 2, Super Arcas, Super Loki, Black Brant VC, Skylark 4, Viper 3A, Skylark 4 AC, Aries, Orion sounding rocket, Skua 4, Black Brant 8B, Black Brant 8C, Skylark 12, Nike Orion, Otrag, Taurus Orion, Petrel 2, Black Brant IX, Black Brant IXB, Improved Orion, Maxus, Black Brant 9BM1, Nike Improved Orion, Terrier Orion, VSB-30. Launch Sites: Kiruna C, Kiruna N, Kiruna S, Kiruna A, Kiruna MRL, Kiruna L. Bibliography: 2, 572.

1966 November 19 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C21 / 1 Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C9 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C9 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1967 February 4 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C21 / 2 Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 February 16 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C10 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1967 February 22 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C10 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1967 April 7 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-1 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1967 April 8 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-2 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1967 April 9 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-3 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1967 April 10 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-4 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1967 April 11 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-5 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1967 April 19 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C24/1 test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1967 July 31 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C20 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1967 July 31 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C32 / 1 Meteorite mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1967 October 23 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-7 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1967 November 24 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C13 / P Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 November 26 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C31 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-6 Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1967 December 6 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C31 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C36 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 February 4 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C36 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1968 March 6 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C14 / P Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 March 20 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • MPE Barium release EXP-34 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1968 March 23 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-9 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 March 26 - . 23:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • ESRO S16 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1968 April 6 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-10 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 May 20 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C42 / 1 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 June 7 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C42 / 2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1968 June 8 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C32 / 2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 June 11 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-13 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1968 June 12 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-12 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1968 July 30 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C20 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 August 12 - . 12:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2.
  • ESRO A50 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1968 August 25 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2.
  • ESRO A50 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C35 / 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 October 15 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C45 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 October 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2.
  • RTG SA1 / 1-K68 Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1968 November 1 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C45 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • DLR K-BB3-14 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 November 25 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S43 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • DLR K-BB3-16 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • DLR K-BB3-15 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 January 17 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • RTG SNC 2A / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1969 January 19 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • RTG SNC 2B / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1969 January 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • RTG SNC 2A / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1969 January 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • RTG SNC 2A / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1969 February 3 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 11 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 February 15 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-11 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S43 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C52 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 March 16 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-17 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-18 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field gradient Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1969 March 18 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E-region E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 April 14 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C39 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1969 April 15 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C39 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1969 June 5 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C35 / 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 August 11 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C51 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1969 August 14 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C58 / 1 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1969 October 5 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S29 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1969 October 10 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C52 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S29 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1969 November 10 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S46 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1969 November 27 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C62 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 November 27 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C62 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1970 January 5 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1970 January 7 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 9 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1970 January 19 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 23 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 26 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1970 January 28 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 30 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 February 4 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C57 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S66 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 February 23 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C37 / 1 MPE Ba Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S70 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S61 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S61 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 April 2 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S66 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1970 April 3 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C57 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1970 April 4 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S28 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1970 June 7 - . 07:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C48 / 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • RTG SNA 5 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • RTG SNA 6 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • RTG SNA 5 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 02:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • RTG SNA 6 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1970 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C58 / 2 Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1970 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • RTG SP4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1970 August 10 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C51 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1970 August 19 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C48 / 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1970 October 27 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S67 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1970 October 29 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S67 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1971 January 8 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 January 15 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C37 / 2 MPE Ba Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1971 January 19 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 January 25 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C60 / 1 Chemical release / particles mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1971 January 25 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C60 / 2 Chemical release / particles mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ESRO P40 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 January 27 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1971 January 27 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C78 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S46 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1971 January 29 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1971 January 31 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1971 February 3 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1971 February 8 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1971 February 9 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 February 11 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1971 February 12 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ESRO Sk83 / 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S16 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 March 15 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S87 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1971 March 24 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S87 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1971 April 5 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small-scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1971 April 14 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1971 April 15 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1971 April 16 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 April 24 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1971 May 1 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 July 31 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C59/1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 July 31 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1971 July 31 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1971 August 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C59/2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1971 November 22 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C78 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 November 25 - . 17:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S70/2 Ionosphere/VLF Radio mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C76/1 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 January 22 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C76/2 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1972 February 7 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • RTG SNT 7 / 1 (S7-1) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • ESRO S77 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1972 September 24 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • ESRO S77 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1972 October 8 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 3 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 4 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 12 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 5 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 13 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S105 Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S7-2 (SNT 7 / 2) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1973 August 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • SSC NNC 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 August 4 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UK / SSC ER1 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, SSC. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1973 August 5 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1973 August 6 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • SSC C111 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 2 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • SSC C111 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 1 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 August 18 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 36 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1975 March 5 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC S16 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1975 March 7 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • SSC S13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1975 March 13 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC S16 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1975 November 21 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC Range test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S17 / 1 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1976 January 27 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR K-GR-73 Technology mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1976 February 21 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC S18 / 2 D-Layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1976 March 2 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC S21 / 1 TRIGGER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S17 / 2 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 March 30 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR K-AR-75 Porc. F1 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi).

1977 January 15 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC S18 / 1 D Layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1977 February 8 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • SSC S22 Auroral Arc Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S21 / 2 TRIGGER Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • SSC AR-1 TRIGGER Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC S21 / 3 TRIGGER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • SSC AR-2 TRIGGER Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1977 March 14 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-83 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1977 March 20 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • DLR K-AR-82 Porc. F2 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1977 October 21 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • S19 Guidance test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1977 December 13 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1978 April 13 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S27 TWILIGHT Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
1978 July 30 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S32 NLC-OBS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • SSC S26A Noctilucent Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 August 13 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
1978 August 13 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 August 13 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
  • SSC S26B Ion - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • K-OR-91 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1978 November 16 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1979 January 25 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1979 March 19 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • DLR K-AR-92 Porc. F3 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1979 March 31 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • DLR K-AR-93 Porc. F4 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 452 km (280 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Dummy Orion test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1979 August 21 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S27 / 2 Twilight B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SSC S29 Barium-GEOS Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi).

1980 April 28 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 3A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1980 July 26 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • VLF propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1980 November 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 7 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-C E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C E6C Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-C E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC E7 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 12 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 12 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-C E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 15 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • EBC-B E2 (ENERGY EB1) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-B E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-B E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-B E11b Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B E6A1 S10.12-1 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-B E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC E7 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-B E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 27 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-A2 E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6A2 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6B Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-A2 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • EBC-A2 E9B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • OXYGEN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1981 April 30 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 3B Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1981 May 8 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1981 September 30 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • PIRAT Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1981 November 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1981 December 1 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • EBC81 E2 (ENERGY EB2) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • EBC81 E8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC81 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1981 December 16 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • LITHIUM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1982 April 29 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1982 May 8 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Cold Arctic Mesopause Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Strafam 1 / 2 Technology / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP-P Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP / SOAP-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP TAD Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • CAMP Datasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1982 August 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP / SOAP-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • CAMP Datasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1983 January 19 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • AURELD-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi).

1983 April 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1983 May 5 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1983 May 13 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 8 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

1983 September 19 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: OTRAG. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Otrag Flight 18 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, OTRAG. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). 1-3-B 4x9m Test mission.

1984 January 31 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • MAP / WINE M-I 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1984 May 3 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1984 May 15 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • TOR Aurora / fields / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1985 April 27 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 11 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1985 May 6 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 12 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1985 May 14 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 5 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1986 April 30 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 13 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1986 May 12 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 14A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
1986 July 26 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
1986 July 26 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1986 July 27 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
1986 July 27 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
1986 July 27 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
1986 July 27 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
1986 November 4 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aureld-VIP-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1986 December 12 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aureld-VIP-LOW Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1987 February 17 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1987 March 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IXB.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1987 May 3 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 14B Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 May 6 - . 05:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1987 May 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TEXUS 15 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1987 November 23 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TEXUS 16 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1988 February 29 - . 08:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1988 April 9 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ERRRIS I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1988 May 2 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • TEXUS 17 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1988 May 6 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • TEXUS 18 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1988 May 9 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • Testflug (BAE 1) test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1988 November 28 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 19 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1988 December 2 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 20 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1988 December 6 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1989 February 7 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ROSE III Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1989 February 9 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ROSE IV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1989 March 3 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ERRRIS II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1989 March 4 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • ERRRIS II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1989 April 10 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna MRL. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • MASER 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1989 April 30 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 21 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1989 May 3 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 22 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1989 November 25 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 23 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1989 December 6 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 24 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 09:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Nitric oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SISSI So1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • SISSI 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • RASMUS 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1990 March 29 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna MRL. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1990 May 13 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 25 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1990 May 15 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 26 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1990 May 29 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SPINRAC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1990 July 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • SISSI 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1990 July 26 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • SISSI 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1990 August 2 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1990 November 15 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 27 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1990 November 25 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 534 km (331 mi).

1991 February 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 3 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • SISSI 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1991 May 8 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. FAILURE: Failed..
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

    Microgravity experiments. Recovered, although it reached only a fraction of the planned altitude. The MAXUS sounding rocket program began in 1989 and the first launch took place in 1991.The program was a joint venture between the Swedish Space Corporation and the German space company EADS-ST. The Maxus program was financed by ESA. The scientific objective was to perform experiments during 12-13 minutes of microgravity (10-4 g) using a single stage sounding rocket motor. The motor, a Castor 4B, had a maximum acceleration of 13 g, a top speed of 3500 m/sec and reached an apogee of around 750 km depending on the payload mass.


1991 August 1 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-B-S01 PMSE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • N-B-M02 MISTI B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • N-B-E03 EFIELD-B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-B-P04 PEP B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-B-T05 TURBO B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-B-S06 PMSE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-B-C07 PMSE (VCH28) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-B-S08 PMSE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1991 August 5 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • N-C-M09 MISTI C Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1991 August 5 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-C-S10 Salvo C Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • N-A-S11 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-A-S12 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-T13 TURBO A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-D14 DECIMALS A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • N-A-M15 MISTI A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • N-B-E16 EFIELD-A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-P17 PEP A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-A-S18 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-A-C19 NLC (VCH42) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-D20 DECIMALS B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • N-A-S21 NLC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 November 23 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 28 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1992 April 9 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9BM1.
  • MASER 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1992 August 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Testflug test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1992 November 8 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 717 km (445 mi). Microgravity experiments. Relaunch of the Maxu 1 mission..

1992 November 22 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 29 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1993 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 3 / 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1993 May 1 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 30 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1993 July 28 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1993 July 30 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1993 November 4 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • MASER 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1993 November 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 31 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi).

1993 November 29 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1994 February 19 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RASMUS 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1994 May 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1994 May 5 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 32 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1994 November 30 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 33 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1994 December 5 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Hygrosonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1995 April 29 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1995 May 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1995 July 14 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test Orion 1 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1995 October 8 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Test Orion 2 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1995 November 28 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi).

1995 December 4 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1996 March 2 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 34 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1996 May 3 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • MASER 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1996 November 24 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 35 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1997 June 4 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC MERMAID Microgravity / education mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1998 February 7 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 36 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1998 March 3 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC NLTE-1 Atomic 2A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 6 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC NLTE-2 Atomic 2B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 01:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1998 November 24 - . 09:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Biological/Physics mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA, SSC. Apogee: 713 km (443 mi).

1998 December 3 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1999 May 14 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • MASER 8 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1999 July 27 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ICON Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

2000 March 27 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 37 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

2000 April 2 - . 07:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 38 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2001 February 19 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

2001 April 29 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA, SSC. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi).

2001 May 8 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 39 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

2001 December 15 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 15 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Hygrosonde II Met Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Hygrosonde II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 March 16 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • MASER 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

2003 January 13 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 13 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 14 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Test 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 15 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 16 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

2003 January 17 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

2003 January 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

2003 January 21 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- SAGE III Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

2003 January 22 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 23 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 23 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 23 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Wind 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

2003 January 25 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 25 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 26 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 27 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MacWAVE Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 29 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 30 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • SAGE-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

2003 April 1 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Maxus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA, SSC. Apogee: 701 km (435 mi). Suborbital microgravity payload. Launch delayed from 31 March..

2003 April 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 40 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

2004 October 28 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-2/ECOMA Education/Meteor mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

    The REXUS program was a joint project between the Swedish Space Corporation SSC, ESRANGE, and the Mobile Rocket Base (Moraba) of the German Aerospace Center DLR, conducted by newly founded EUROLAUNCH. The scientific payload capacity was shared between Swedish and German student experimenters. REXUS was considered as an annual sounding rocket program.


2004 November 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA, SSC. Apogee: 706 km (438 mi).

2004 December 2 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 41 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MAGIC Meteorite dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 07:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2005 May 2 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • MASER 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi). Final flight of Skylark suborbital rocket. MASER 10 carried two biology experiments and three fluid physics experiments. The payload spent six minutes in microgravity and worked perfectly during the flight..

2005 December 1 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS EML-1/TEXUS 42 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

    This was the first launch of the Brazilian sounding rocket VSB-30, replacing the British Skylark, from Esrange. The speed when leaving the launcher was about 60 m/s and after 45 seconds of acceleration the max speed was over 200 m/s. During the flight the experiments onboard spent approximately 6 minutes of microgravity and all experiments worked successfully. The payload was brought back for analysis at Esrange by helicopter within one hour after landing.


2006 April 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Education mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2006 May 2 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Maxus 7 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA, SSC. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi).

    Suborbital microgravity mission. Kaiser-Threde developed a new payload service system for MAXUS 7, providing 2 independent TV-links with 2 high power HF transmitters and GPS. The recovery system was a BAL ORSA system, modified by Kaiser-Threde, including parachute from DLR.


2006 May 10 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 43 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). The TEXUS 43 mission gave around six minutes of microgravity to the 407 kg payload contributed by five investigators from three different institutes.

2008 February 7 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • DLR TEXUS 44 (EML-2) - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

2008 February 21 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • DLR TEXUS 45 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

2008 April 1 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC APR ONE - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

2008 May 15 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 11 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

2008 October 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 4 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

2009 March 12 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 6 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Ionos./Tech.

2009 March 13 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 5 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Atmos./Tech.

2009 May 22 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Micrograv.

2009 November 22 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 46 - . Nation: Sweden. European and Japanese microgravity experiments.

2009 November 29 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 47 - . Nation: Sweden. Microgravity experiments.

2010 March 2 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 7 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Aeronomy/Technology payload.

2010 March 4 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 8/ - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Technology payload.

2010 March 26 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • SSC MAXUS 8 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Microgravity payload.

2010 October 27 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mapheus-2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi). Microgravity payload..

2011 February 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 9 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity experiments..
  • EURO REXUS 9 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: EUROL. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

2011 February 23 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 10 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Microgravity experiments..
  • EURO REXUS 10 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: EUROL. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

2011 March 29 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 49 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Microgravity experiments..

2011 July 21 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: KirunA MRL. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC PHOCUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2011 November 27 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 48 - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). DLR/Astrium microgravity payload..

2012 February 13 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 12 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Microgravity payload..

2012 March 19 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 12 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2012 November 16 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • EURO REXUS 11 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: EUROL. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

2012 November 25 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS-3 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi). Microgravity experiments..

2013 April 12 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 50 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi). Microgravity mission.

2013 May 7 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 14 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity mission.

2013 May 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 13 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Microgravity mission.

2013 July 15 - . 05:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • MAPHEUS 4 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi). Microgravity mission.

2014 May 28 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-16 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Atmospheric / technology mission..

2014 May 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-15 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Atmospheric / technology mission..

2015 February 22 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cryofenix - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Technology payload..

2015 March 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 17 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 March 18 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 18 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 April 23 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 51 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 April 27 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 52 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 October 2 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: S31/Orion.
  • O-STATES 1 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Atmosphere mission. Impacted ESRANGE Area B, Sweden..

2015 October 19 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: S31/Orion.
  • O-STATES 2 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi). Atmosphere mission. Impacted ESRANGE Area B, Sweden..

2015 December 1 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 13 - . Nation: USA. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE B Zone, Sweden..

2016 January 23 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 53 - . Nation: USA. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE Zone B..

2016 February 2 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • SPIDER/LEEWAVES - . Nation: USA. Type: Auroral. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Auroral mission. Impacted in ESRANGE Zone B..

2016 July 16 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • ROTEX-T - . Nation: USA. Type: Hypersonic vehicle test. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi). Hypersonic vehicle test mission. Impacted in ESRANGE..

2017 January 23 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MAIUS-1 - . Nation: USA. Type: Physics. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi). Physics mission. Impacted in ESRANGE..

2017 March 15 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 21 - . Nation: Sweden. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE B zone..

2017 March 16 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 22 - . Nation: Sweden. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE B zone..

2017 April 7 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • MAXUS 9 - . Nation: Sweden. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 678 km (421 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE B zone..


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