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Black Brant 8C
Part of Black Brant Family
Canadian sounding rocket.

Status: Active. First Launch: 1976-11-17. Last Launch: 2004-09-17. Number: 91 . Gross mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Height: 11.90 m (39.00 ft). Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft). Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2 stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Black Brant VC.



Country: Canada. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands, Poker Flat, Fort Churchill, White Sands LC36, Kwajalein, San Marco, Kiruna, Sonde Stromfjord. Stages: 26KS20000, M5E1. Agency: Bristol.

1976 November 17 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1976 November 19 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • UCB extreme ultraviolet telescope Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1977 June 9 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SAO XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1977 July 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SAO XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1977 October 21 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • S19 Guidance test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1978 January 31 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1978 April 11 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1978 August 14 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. FAILURE: Failure.
  • HRTS-3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1979 April 13 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1979 April 21 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1979 June 5 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1979 June 21 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1979 July 3 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar Corona Solar x-ray telescope mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SSC S29 Barium-GEOS Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi).

1979 October 17 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 November 7 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1980 May 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1980 June 10 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1980 June 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1980 July 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1980 September 23 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1980 September 26 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 November 19 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 8 (R-19) Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 December 9 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1981 January 21 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1981 February 13 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1981 March 24 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1981 May 4 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Soft XRB 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1981 May 6 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1981 September 30 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • PIRAT Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1981 November 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1982 January 27 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SCEX Ionosphere active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1982 April 17 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • UIT Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1982 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1982 July 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1982 July 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1982 August 10 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Absolute Calibration Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1982 October 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1982 November 16 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1983 May 14 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1983 June 17 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1983 June 29 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1983 July 25 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1983 August 8 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1983 August 16 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Absolute Calibration Aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

1983 September 20 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SERTS-1 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1984 February 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • ARIES B Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1984 March 3 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • ARIES A Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1984 June 19 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1984 October 6 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • IMAPS 1 Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1984 December 10 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi).

1985 March 27 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Auroral Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1985 April 20 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • IMAPS 2 Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1985 June 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • BERT Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1985 October 25 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1986 October 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SERTS-2 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1986 October 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • COPE II (POLAR ARC) Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1987 August 7 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • ERIC I Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1987 October 23 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • MSSTA 0 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 July 27 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • TR 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 September 15 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 December 7 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1989 July 17 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1989 July 24 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • CHEER / Black Star 1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1989 August 13 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • CHEER / Black Star 2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1990 January 21 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • COBRA Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 July 16 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1991 September 6 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1992 July 24 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1992 August 27 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1993 May 6 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1994 January 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1995 February 2 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aria-II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1995 November 27 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1995 December 4 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: LC36 Tower. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • XQC F1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1996 June 4 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: LC36 Athena. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • XQC F2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1999 March 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • XQC F3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

2000 July 17 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2004 September 3 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2004 September 17 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).


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