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USAF GL
American agency. US Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, USA.

AKA: USAF.



People: Simon. Country: USA.

1976 January 20 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1976 February 22 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 76 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, USAF GL. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1976 March 3 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 76 Sphere / Physics Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 April 26 - . 06:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1976 April 30 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Auroral ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1976 May 18 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar XUV / UV Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1976 August 3 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • HISTAR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi).

1976 August 21 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. FAILURE: Failure.
  • TREP ABRES Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1976 August 31 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • TREP SAMSO 1202-B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1977 April 21 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar ultraviolet / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1977 May 18 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • ABRES Density / TDV-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1977 August 9 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar ultraviolet Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1977 September 24 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • DMSP MS SP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1977 November 11 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • TEM-1 ABM infrared sensor technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1977 December 13 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • PRECEDE Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1978 January 21 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • CHARGING Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1978 May 20 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1978 May 22 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1978 July 25 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • DENSITY Laser Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1978 September 15 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • CLUSTER ION Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 September 19 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar ultraviolet Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1978 October 29 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor.
  • EXCEDE 1 Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • SPICE 1 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Eclipse DEN Sphere Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi). Eclipse DEN. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse LWIR Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi). Eclipse LWIR. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1979 August 3 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • FWIR III Aeronomy / infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1979 August 7 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • POSTBO ABM technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DMSP MS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DMSP DENS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • DMSP UV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1979 October 19 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor.
  • EXCEDE 2 (SPECTRAL) Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1979 October 23 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 October 24 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 October 29 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1980 August 18 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • ZIP I (BMP) Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 401 km (249 mi).

1980 September 18 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Ultraviolet Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1980 October 22 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • SPE-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 October 22 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • SPE-1A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1981 February 4 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • IRBS (BMP) ABM infrared sensor limb characterization technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi).

1981 February 5 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant.
  • FWIF IV Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • AURORAL E4 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 July 31 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • ZIP II (BMP) Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi).

1981 October 26 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • SPE-2 Ionosphere / particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1981 November 7 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant.
  • FWIF V Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1982 January 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • FIRSSE (BMP) ABM infrared sensor technology / infrared technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1982 May 28 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • TEM-3 ABM infrared sensor technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • CAMP Datasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • CAMP Datasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1982 September 8 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1982 September 13 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 333 km (206 mi).

1982 September 15 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • SPICE 2 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi).

1983 March 19 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor.
  • ELIAS Aeronomy / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi).

1983 April 13 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant.
  • FWIF VI Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 June 15 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • STATE 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1983 June 16 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • STATE 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1983 June 17 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • STATE 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1983 October 25 - . 11:26 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • ELC-I (infrared limb) Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1983 October 31 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GL A20.327-01 (IMS) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1983 November 14 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GL A20.327-02 (IMS) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1985 March 15 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • PIIE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 429 km (266 mi).

1985 June 17 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor Lance. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BEAM Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 April 8 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor.
  • SPIRIT I Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • COPE II (POLAR ARC) Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi).

1987 August 14 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • COLDR Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).


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