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Aerobee 350
Part of Aerobee Family
American sounding rocket. In March 1957 an Aerojet engineer conceived of the 'ultimate Aerobee', with the body diameter increased to 46 cm diameter and powered by four engines.

Status: Retired 1984. First Launch: 1964-12-11. Last Launch: 1984-05-09. Number: 20 . Payload: 227 kg (500 lb). Thrust: 217.00 kN (48,783 lbf). Gross mass: 3,839 kg (8,463 lb). Height: 15.90 m (52.10 ft). Diameter: 0.56 m (1.83 ft). Span: 2.30 m (7.50 ft). Apogee: 450 km (270 mi).

The design found no takers until it was pitched to NASA in 1961 and development was authorized. The final configuration selected used a Nike Ajax missile booster, 56 cm in diameter, followed by the Aerobee 350, equipped with 4 Aerobee 150A engines. The rocket could take 65 kg to 480 km altitude or 455 kg to 240 km altitude. NASA funded the rocket in FY 1964, and the first test with a live booster and dummy upper stage took place at Wallops Island on 11 December 1964. The first all-up flight took place on 18 June 1965 and a total of twenty were subsequently flown. The 2 stage vehicle consisted of 1 x Nike + 1 x AJ60-91

From NASA SOUNDING ROCKETS, 1958-1968 - A Historical Summary, NASA SP-4401, 1971, by William R. Corliss

Late in 1961 Aerojet submitted a proposal to NASA for the development of a new member of the liquid-fueled Aerobee series, the Aerobee 350. Goddard let the development contract to Aerojet in 1962 and assigned John H. Lane as Project Manager at Goddard. The 350 was a large Aerobee, consisting of a Nike booster plus a cluster of four Aerobee 150 engines with another 150 as the upper stage. It could launch 227 kg (500 lb) to about 340 km (210 mi) and was designed specifically to give instruments a "soft ride " The Aerobee 350 also incorporated a sophisticated attitude-control system that could select several astronomical targets during flight. The first test of the first "all-Goddard" rocket took place on December 11, 1964, at Wallops Island, when the booster stage was tested successfully with a dummy second stage. The purpose of the test was to check compatibility between the new rocket and the Aerobee launch tower at Wallops. The first complete system test of the Aerobee 350 was successful at Wallops Island on June 18, 1965.

Payload: 227 kg (500 lb) to a 450 km altitude.



Country: USA. Engines: AJ60-91. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands. Stages: Aerobee 350-2, M5E1. Agency: Aerojet.

1964 December 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Dummy sustainer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Test / ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi).

1969 January 26 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Electron gun Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1970 April 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Astronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1970 August 13 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • ECHO I Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1971 February 22 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Crab polarization X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1971 June 10 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • JHU Airglow 11 / S169 Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1971 June 24 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • LPARL XRT X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1974 February 16 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • HISTAR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1974 April 6 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1975 February 3 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1975 March 15 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1975 December 4 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1975 December 6 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1976 June 17 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • SAO XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1976 August 3 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • HISTAR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi).

1982 March 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • NRL Mk II ultraviolet Camera Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1982 November 15 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1984 May 9 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).


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