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ABRES
American Advanced Ballistic Re-Entry System Project, a military joint-service program for reentry vehicle research, development, and testing, established in 1963 and conducting many test launches over the following decades.





1963 May 14 - .
  • The Advanced Ballistic Reentry System (ABRES) program, Program 627A, was established as a Defense Department joint-service program for reentry vehicle research, development, and testing. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

    The Deputy for Ballistic Missile Reentry Systems (D/BMRS) office, established at Headquarters Ballistic Systems Division at Norton AFB in February 1963 would manage the program. The program director for ABRES would be Colonel Darwin C. Middlekauff, BSD's Deputy for Ballistic Missile Reentry Systems.


1972 June 30 - . LV Family: Minuteman.
  • SAMSO1s Deputy for Reentry Systems (RS), the Advanced Ballistic Reentry Systems (ABRES) program office, completed its move from Norton AFB to Los Angeles Air Force Station. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1972 October 26 - . Launch Site: Green River. LV Family: Athena RTV.
  • The fifth Athena H vehicle was flown from the Green River, Utah, Launch Facility with an Advanced Ballistic Concepts (ABC)-2 payload. This mission was the first to employ the UNIVAC 1108 Computer. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1974 March 23 - .
  • The second Advanced Control Experiment (ACE) vehicle was flight tested and all objectives were met. - . Spacecraft: ABRES.

1974 June 30 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • The Sandia ABRES Materials and Systems Test 02/Miniature Instrumented Nosetip Test (SAMAST 02/MINT) reentry vehicles were successfully launched on a Minuteman I booster out of Vandenberg AFB. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1974 September 8 - .
  • The third Advanced Control Experiment (ACE) reentry vehicle was launched but malfunctioned and the mission objectives were not met. - . Spacecraft: ABRES.

1975 Nov - .
  • The development program for a large, advanced ballistic reentry vehicle was cancelled. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1976 March 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • The 37th launch of the Sandia ABRES Materials Study (SAMS) program occurred from Wallops into inclement weather. It tested the Aerojet platelet tip transpiration-cooled nosetip. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1976 March 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • 38th launch of the Sandia ABRES Materials Study (SAMS) program occurred from Wallops Flight Center, Virginia, into inclement weather. It tested the General Electric fine-weave carbon-carbon nosetip. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1976 April 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • The 39th and last launch of the Sandia ABRES Materials Study (SAMS) program occurred from Wallops Flight Center, Virginia into inclement weather. It tested the Aeronutronics scan tip. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1976 December 8 - .
  • SAMSO awarded Avco Corporation a 34-month, $26.7 million contract to design, build, and flight test an advanced ballistic reentry vehicle (ABRV). - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1977 Jan - .
  • Avco Corporation began work on a system design for an Advanced Ballistic Reentry Vehicle. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1977 Aug - .
  • The Reentry Systems program office held a System Design Review of the Avco Corporation's design concept for advanced ballistic reentry vehicles employing Almendro and Muenster warheads. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1977 Nov - .
  • Design work by Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation began on an advanced graphite plug nosetip subsystem for ABRES small reentry vehicles. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1977 Dec - .
  • The Reentry Systems program office held a preliminary design review for the first two reentry vehicles designed by the Avco Corporation for use with the Almendro warhead. - . Spacecraft: ABRES.

1978 Dec - .
  • SAMSO cancelled plans for flight-testing the Transpiration Cooled Nosetip (TCNT). The TCNT, which was an actively cooled reentry vehicle nosetip, had been under development as part of ABRES. - . Related Persons: ABRES. Flight-test of the TCNT was cancelled due to funding and design problems that had plagued the development effort..

1979 Jan - . LV Family: Trident.
  • The ABRES program office participated in a Mark 500 Penetration Aid Concept Selection Study involving the Aerospace Corporation, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, and other contractors. - . Related Persons: ABRES. Participants in the study selected a penetration aid concept for the Navy's Trident C4/Mark 500 system..

1979 January 20 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein, Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • STREP-1, an ABRES flight test conducted in support of the Army's System Technology Reentry Experiments Program, was launched on a Minuteman I booster from Vandenberg AFB to Kwajalein missile range. - . Related Persons: ABRES. The primary mission was successful, but a secondary payload, the advanced Star decoy sponsored by ABRES, deployed improperly because of improper loading, and data on its performance could not be collected..

1979 July 5 - .
  • The Reentry Systems Program Office (ABRES) was transferred to the Deputy for ICBMs at Norton AFB, California. - . Related Persons: ABRES.


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