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Black Brant VC
Part of Black Brant Family
Canadian sounding rocket. Four-fin version.

AKA: Black Brant 5C. Status: Active. First Launch: 1970-04-04. Last Launch: 2013-07-04. Number: 107 . Gross mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Height: 8.30 m (27.20 ft). Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft). Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).



Country: Canada. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands, Poker Flat, Fort Churchill, White Sands LC36, Eglin, Kwajalein, Andoya, Barking Sands, Wallops Island LA2, Kiruna, Natal, Biscarosse, Arecibo, El Arenosillo, Poker Flat LC1, Wallops Island LA5, Biscarosse CE, Alcantara. Stages: 26KS20000. Agency: Bristol.

1970 April 4 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi).

1971 March 24 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Airglow / Auroral infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi).

1971 July 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • MSFC RR-1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1972 February 3 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBV-42 Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1972 March 8 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBV-41 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1972 April 5 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • E Field / Particles Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1972 June 9 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1972 September 25 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • ECHO II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1972 November 2 - . 04:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Auroral infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1973 January 22 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi).

1973 February 1 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-52 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1973 February 3 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-50? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1973 February 7 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-54 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 04:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1973 February 15 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBVC-53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1973 March 27 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1973 May 12 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR A-BBVC-51 Erna Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi).

1973 May 18 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test / aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1973 June 4 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CALROC 1 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 June 13 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1973 July 4 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR A-BBVC-49 Barbara Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1973 August 9 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • CALROC 2 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi).

1973 August 30 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1973 September 4 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1973 December 10 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • CALROC 3 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi).

1974 January 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1974 February 14 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • CVF Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 February 21 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • HIRIS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1974 February 25 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • MUTI Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1974 February 26 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LPSP-EUV3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1974 April 17 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • ECHO III Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1974 June 16 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1974 October 4 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1974 November 25 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1975 January 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • LPSP-EUV4 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1975 July 21 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • HRTS-1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1975 July 28 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1975 December 11 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • SPAR 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1976 January 10 - . 14:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA5. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • SSC S19A Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1976 January 31 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • ECHO IV Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1976 February 18 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • OSO-I Cal Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1976 March 31 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1976 May 17 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • SPAR 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1976 May 23 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • SFHe Experiment Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1976 October 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1976 December 14 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • SPAR 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1977 January 15 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Colorado microchannel Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1977 March 9 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1977 April 16 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • JHU FOT 1 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1977 June 10 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Heatpipe 2 Technology mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1977 June 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • SPAR 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1978 February 13 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • HRTS 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1978 September 11 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • SPAR 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1979 March 1 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • HRTS 3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1979 August 7 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • POSTBO ABM technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1979 September 20 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1979 September 27 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1980 September 30 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1981 May 27 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • JHU FOT 4 (Io) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1981 September 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1982 September 15 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar infrared mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1982 November 1 - . 08:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1982 December 13 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • JHU UVT F10 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1983 March 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • HRTS 4 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 June 11 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • OASIS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • TOR Aurora / fields / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1985 March 18 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1988 November 7 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • NEED I(Ferdinand 79) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1988 November 10 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • NCAR / CU-1 Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 March 4 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • ERRRIS II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1989 May 31 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Site CE test - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 12 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • NEED II (F-80) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi).

1990 October 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1992 June 23 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • EL COQUI Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1994 September 9 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1994 September 21 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1994 October 6 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1994 October 15 - . 13:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • GUARA Electrojet Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1996 June 13 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • LAADEX Target - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1996 August 29 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1997 August 8 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • METEORS Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1998 February 20 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Coqui Dos SAL Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1998 February 20 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere/Release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1998 March 25 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere/Release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2000 October 26 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • TOMEX Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

2001 June 29 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2003 March 27 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • JOULE Auroral/release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2004 September 7 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2004 September 17 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2007 January 19 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • JOULE II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2009 January 29 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • NASA 21.139UE - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi). Aurora.

2011 July 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • NASA 21.140GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Ionosphere mission..

2013 July 4 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • NASA 21.140GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Ionosphere mission. NASA Daytime Dynamo experiment..


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