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Biscarosse
Biscarosse
Biscarosse
Credit: © Mark Wade
In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island.

AKA: CEL;Centre d'Essais de Landes. First Launch: 1965-06-15. Last Launch: 2011-11-15. Number: 177 . Location: Biscarosse, Landes. Longitude: -1.2548 deg. Latitude: 44.3403 deg.

This was supplemented by a tracking ship (the Henri Poincare, operational from March 1968 to 1991, and then the Monge).

The site became operational for short-range missile tests in March 1964. The first test of a prototypes of the SSBS strategic missile began on 15 February, 1966. Tests of the MSBS SLBM and Pluton tactical nuclear missile began in 1968. Tests of the Hades tactical missile began in 1988. The actual number including missile tests was much greater than those listed.



Subtopics

Biscarosse BLB SSBS, MSBS launch complex. Base Lancement Balistique

Biscarosse CE Black Brant launch complex. Probable launch from CEL (Site "CE" in Chesser's BAL list)

Biscarosse BESA Base Experimentale Sol-Air

Biscarosse SUD Pas de tir sud

Biscarosse BE Base Espace

Biscarosse BP Base Pluton

Biscarosse BS Base Scientifique

Family: Europa, Suborbital Launch Site. Country: France. Launch Vehicles: Belier III, Dragon 1, Dragon 2B, Dragon 3, Rubis, Tacite, SSBS S112, Cora, Dauphin, SSBS S01, MSBS M012, MSBS M013, SSBS S02, Black Brant VC, MSBS M1, Tibere, Viper 3A, Forschungsflugkorper, MSBS M2, SSBS S2, MSBS M20, SSBS S3, Nike Orion, MSBS M4, Hades, Black Brant 9CM1, MSBS M45, MSBS M51. Launch Sites: Biscarosse BLB, Biscarosse CE, Biscarosse BESA, Biscarosse SUD, Biscarosse BE, Biscarosse BP, Biscarosse BS. Bibliography: 2, 572.

1965 June 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Tacite.
  • Infrared Horizon Study Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1966 February 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 March 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
  • Silo 4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 04 Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,560 km (960 mi). Radio-astronomy experiment; measured the MHz range radio background.

1967 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 October 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Cora. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • B1 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • B2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • A2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012.
  • A1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
  • FU-172 Solar Helium Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1968 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-168 A-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1968 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-168 B-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-188 Technology test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 562 km (349 mi).

1968 July 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 October 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V1 Vecteur operational test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 December 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 7 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 May 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 May 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 September 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III.
  • CRAPEL/ELECTRE re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 October 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi).

1969 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • V7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 April 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 June 11 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C1 Charge (RV) - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 September 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 October 6 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • EIDI-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 October 22 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • EIDI-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C8 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C7 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013.
  • C5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 February 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1971 May 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 December 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S612. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-45 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 October 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-46 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S610. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C 2601 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 17 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-211 EIDI-3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1973 March 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C 2602 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 July 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 7 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper.
  • DLR C-FFK-47 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 April 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1976 June 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 December 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 April 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 17 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 April 5 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 June 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 March 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Qualification test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980 November 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1980 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1981 June 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 March 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 May 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1983 October 4 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 November 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 February 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1986 February 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: SNLE. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Long range test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1987 June 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 November 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Tir d'exercice - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1989 May 31 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Site CE test - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 February 5 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1990 February 5 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN1 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 22 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 22 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN2 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN3 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBC39 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS40 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 March 15 - . 19:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • DYANA DBS41 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1992 December 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • VERT (POIVRE) Test / imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 May 26 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aerospatiale test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 July 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • BLANC Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 November 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • NOIR Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2006 November 9 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • M51 test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 June 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • M51 SLBM test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 November 13 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
2010 January 27 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S612. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • TN75 RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). R&D launch.

2011 November 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Aster 30 Target - . Nation: France. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2015 September 30 - . 08:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M21.
  • M51 RVs - . Nation: France. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test mission. Impacted Atlantic Ocean..


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