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Cora
Cora
Cora
Credit: via Jean-Jacques Serra
European orbital launch vehicle. Cora was an experimental rocket to test the second and third stages of the Europa launch vehicle.

Status: Retired 1967. First Launch: 1966-11-27. Last Launch: 1967-10-25. Number: 3 . Thrust: 220.00 kN (49,450 lbf). Gross mass: 16,500 kg (36,300 lb). Height: 11.50 m (37.70 ft). Diameter: 2.01 m (6.59 ft). Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

Launchings of the test vehicle were carried out under the auspices of ELDO (European Launcher Development Organization). The Cora 1 version used only the French Coralie stage, while the Cora 2 version added the German Astris stage. The Italian Europa nose fairing was also tested. For these tests the Coralie exist nozzle was shortened to allow sea-level operation and four fins were added for stability.

In the event, only the Cora 1 version was tested, and this failed on two out of three attempts. It was unfortunate that the test series could not be completely carried out, since later tests of the all-up Europa booster had a string of failures due to upper-stage problems, dooming the entire program.



Family: Europa, orbital launch vehicle. Country: Europe. Launch Sites: Hammaguira, Biscarosse, Hammaguira Beatrice. Stages: Astris, Europa-2. Agency: ELDO.

1966 November 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. Launch Vehicle: Cora. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 December 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. Launch Vehicle: Cora.
  • Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi). Only completely successful test..

1967 October 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Cora. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).


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