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Berenice
Berenice
Berenice
Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares.

Status: Retired 1972. First Launch: 1962-06-27. Last Launch: 1966-01-01. Number: 12 . Payload: 40 kg (88 lb). Thrust: 170.00 kN (38,210 lbf). Gross mass: 3,340 kg (7,360 lb). Height: 13.25 m (43.47 ft). Diameter: 0.56 m (1.83 ft). Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

The first two stages lofted the vehicle to a 270 km altitude. The expended second stage, stabilized by an aerodynamic fins remained attached to the upper stages until an altitude of 55 km was reached. Then the second stage was jettisoned, the third stage fired, and the test RV was accelerated to a speed of Mach 12 at 20 km altitude. The 4 stage vehicle consisting of 4 x SEPR P167(4 X 34 kN) stabilization rockets around + 1 x Stromboli SEPR 739 + 1 x SEPR 740 + 1 x Tramontane + 1 x Melanie

Payload: 40 kg (88 lb) to a 1000 km altitude.



Subtopics

Berenice Satmos French orbital launch vehicle. In April 1963, ONERA proposed using a modified Berenice suborbital test vehicle to place a small 3.5 kg satellite ('Satmos') into a 250 x 1800 km orbit. They claimed this booster could be ready in 1964, one year before Diamant. However the given the marginal growth potential of such a design, the government decided to stick with Diamant.

Titus Sounding rocket derived from the first two stages of the Berenice test vehicle. The two stage vehicle consisted of 4 x SEPR P167 stabilization rockets around a Stromboli 739 first stage, topped by a stretched Stromboli SEPR 740-3 second stage with four fins. The launches were made from Chaco in collaboration with the Argentinian agency CNIE.

Tibere Tibere was an atmospheric re-entry test vehicle derived from the earlier Berenice. Development was authorized in 1965 to support the Electre re-entry experiment program. The first two stages were Stromboli motors of identical length. The third stage was the P.064 motor developed for the Diamant orbital launcher.

Country: France. Launch Sites: Ile du Levant. Stages: SEPR 740, Tramontane, Melanie, SEPR P167, Stromboli. Agency: ONERA. Bibliography: 2, 572.

1962 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 Q3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Titus test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus.
  • FU-150 A Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus.
  • FU-150 B Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 February 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).


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