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Stromboli
Eridan
Eridan
Credit: via Jean-Jacques Serra
The second series of Sud Aviation sounding rockets were deployed in the late 1960's. They were designed to carry large diameter payloads, and used Stromboli motors only.

AKA: Berenice-1;Hatf I;SEPR 739. Status: Retired 1979. Date: 1962. Thrust: 143.00 kN (32,147 lbf). Gross mass: 1,885 kg (4,155 lb). Unfuelled mass: 645 kg (1,421 lb). Specific impulse: 235 s. Burn time: 20 s. Height: 4.70 m (15.40 ft). Diameter: 0.56 m (1.83 ft).

Earlier French sounding rockets and test vehicles that used the SEPR Stromboli solid rocket engine included Berenice, Tacite, Titus. First flight 1962.



Subtopics

SE4400 French surface-to-air missile. SNCASE missile design using a Stromboli booster and two ramjet sustainers.

OPd-56-39-22D French test vehicle. Original designation of the Antares test vehicle.

VE Series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones, leading to the MSBS/SSBS solid propellant missiles that made up the French nuclear deterrent.

VE10 Aigle The Aigle's simple mission was to allow test of the telemetry equipment that would be used on later instrumented warheads. The first version of the Aigle was a simple fin-stabilized solid rocket propelled by a Stromboli SEPR 737 loaded with 984 kg of 'Plastolite' propellant.

VE9 First test rocket in the series leading to French IRBM's. The VE 9 instrumented warhead was boosted twice in 1960 and 1961 by a SEPR 732, motor, 55 cm in diameter. his had been developed as the booster for the SE.4400 Surface-to-Air Missile and was the most powerful French solid propellant motor available at that time.

Vega SAM French surface-to-air missile, tested at Hammaguir in early 1961 but not put into production.

Vega Statoreacteur French surface-to-air missile, ramjet sustainer with Stromboli booster.

VE10A Aigle The VE10A used an improved, lightened version of the Stromboli booster.

Dauphin French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket consisting of a single Stromboli motor.

Eridan French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket consisting of two Stromboli motors in tandem.

Hatf I Pakistani single-stage solid propellant tactical ballistic missile Developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) based on French Stromboli engine technology. The unguided IA version went into service in 1992; the improved, inertially guided IB version in 2001.

Hatf II Pakistani single-stage solid propellant tactical ballistic missile. Indigenous Pakistani design, developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO).

ATV test vehicle Indian Advanced Technology Vehicle consisting of a solid propellant booster first stage and a scramjet second stage. The booster burned for 120 seconds to take the scramjet to an altitude of 46km and a speed of Mach 6, at which point the scramjet would ignite.

Country: France. Launch Vehicles: Vega SAM, Berenice, Dragon 1, Dragon 2B, Dragon 3, Tacite, Titus, Dauphin, Eridan, Hatf II. Propellants: Solid. Stages: Stromboli. Agency: ONERA, SEPR. Bibliography: 2, 572.
Photo Gallery

EridanEridan
Credit: via Jean-Jacques Serra



1954 April 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1955 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1955 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • SEPR 505 booster - . Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 April 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 January 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 January 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 December 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Date may be 19 May - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 26 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Vega Statoreacteur.
  • Ramjet - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1961 March 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: SE4400.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1961 March 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 March 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10 Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10A Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: VE10A Aigle.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-163 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 June 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-179 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1968 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-168 A-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • FU-168 B-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 September 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-181 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1969 April 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-181B test flight test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-187 test, A cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1969 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-187 test, B cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1971 May 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-203 recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1971 September 14 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • PHARE (FU-196) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 October 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • ATLAS / CM16 / Gemini Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1972 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-201 LPSP-EUV2 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 December 7 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-205 JANUS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1973 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-201 (Solar EUV 2) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1974 November 5 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FAUST FU-214 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 November 19 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FAUST FU-215 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1975 January 26 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • ARAKS Northward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 February 15 - . 01:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • ARAKS Eastward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1978 November 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 June 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 November 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1989 Feb - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Hatf I.
1989 Feb - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Hatf II.
2000 Feb - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Hatf I.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Agency: PK. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2002 May 26 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Hatf II.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Agency: PK. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2003 March 26 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Hatf II.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Agency: PK. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2005 March 31 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Hatf II.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Agency: PK. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2007 March 3 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Hatf II.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).


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