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Hawk
Hawk
Hawk
Credit: via Andreas Parsch
American surface-to-air missile. The Hawk was the first mobile medium-range guided anti-aircraft missile deployed by the U.S. Army, and was the oldest SAM system still in use by U.S. armed forces in the late 1990s. Surplus Hawk motors, dubbed Orion, formed the basis for many sounding rockets and test vehicles.

AKA: M16;M18;M3;MIM-23;MIM-23A;MTM-23B;MTM-23C;Orion;SAM-A-18. Status: Active.

The Hawk was the first mobile medium-range guided anti-aircraft missile deployed by the U.S. Army, and remains in service around the world. Development studies began in 1952 as the SAM-A-18 HAWK (Homing All the Way Killer). July 1954 development contracts were awarded to Raytheon and Northrop. First launch was in June 1956, with the system going into operation in August 1959. Hawk was also used by the U.S. Marine Corps units, many NATO and other countries, and license-built in Europe and Japan. The single-stage missile was powered by an Aerojet General M22E8 dual-thrust (boost-sustain) solid-propellant motor, controlled in flight by large triangular fins with trailing-edge control surfaces. The 54 kg (119 lb) high-explosive warhead was ignited by radar proximity fuses. The missile was guided by an X-band continuous wave semi-active radar seeker, with an effective engagement range of 2-25 km (1.25-15 miles). A Hawk unit uses the AN-MPQ-35 C-band PAR (Pulse Acquisition Radar) for high-medium-altitude threat detection, the AN-MPQ-34 CWAR (Continuous Wave Acquisition Radar) for low-level threat detection, the AN-MPQ-33 (or -39) HPI (High-Power Illuminator) which tracks designated targets and provides target illumination for the missile's seeker, and the AN-MPQ-37 ROR (Range Only Radar) which is a K-band pulse radar to provide ranging data when the other radars are jammed by countermeasures. The Hawk missiles are transported and launched from M192 triple-missile towed launchers

To counter advanced low-altitude threats, the Army began a I-Hawk (Improved Hawk) program began in 1964. Digital electronics were used throughout the system, with the AN-MPQ-50, AN-MPQ-48, AN-MPQ-46, and AN-MPQ-51 radars replacing the earlier models. The I-Hawk had a larger 74 kg (163 lb) warhead, improved guidance, and a new M112 rocket motor. Overall performance increased to an engagement range of 1.5-40 km (5000 ft - 25 miles) for high altitude targets, 2.5-20 km (8200 ft - 12.4 miles) at low altitude; and minimum engagement altitude of 60 m (200 ft). It replaced earlier Hawk models in the US Army in 1971-1978.

Continuous improvements of the I-Hawk began in 1977 under the Hawk Product Improvement Plan. Over the decades this continuously replaced the radars and electronics with updated technology. PIP Phase I systems were fielded in 1979; PIP Phase II from 1983 added an electro-optical tracking system to allow operation in a high-ECM environment. The PIP Phase III was fielded in 1989 and allowed the Hawk system to counter saturation attacks by simultaneously intercepting multiple low-level targets.

In 1991-1994 Hawk demonstrated its capability against short-range ballistic missiles. However in 1994-1999 the US military services replaced Hawk with Patriot and Stinger missiles. Including foreign production, more than 40,000 MIM-23 Hawk missiles of all versions were built.

Initial Operational Capability: 1959.


More at: Hawk.

Subtopics

MIM-23A American surface-to-air missile.

Orion engine Aerojet dual-thrust (boost-sustain) solid rocket engine, originally designed for the Hawk surface-to-air missile. Surplus motors were used in sounding rockets.

MIM-23B American surface-to-air missile.

Improved Orion engine Aerojet solid rocket engine, originally designed for the Improved Hawk surface-to-air missile. Surplus motors were used in sounding rockets.

Orion sounding rocket American sounding rocket. The Orion was a single stage, unguided, fin stabilized rocket system which used a surplus US Army Hawk surface-to-air-missile rocket motor having a dual thrust propellant grain. Three fins on the aft end of the motor were canted to roll the vehicle at four revolutions per second at burnout for stability. Improved performance could be obtained by using a Nike booster stage. Payload 38 kg to 88 km or 68 kg to 71 km.

Nike Hawk American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Hawk

Nike Orion American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle. Payload 68 kg to 190 km or 204 kg to 90 km. The Nike motor had three equally spaced unmodified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The first stage Nike booster had an action time of 3.2 seconds. The second stage ignited 9 seconds after liftoff and had an action time of 32 seconds. Capability 68 kg payload to 190 kilometers or a 204 kg payload to 90 kilometers when launched from sea level at an 85 degree launch angle.

Taurus Orion American sounding rocket. 2 stage vehicle composed of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Orion. Payload 68 kg to 260 km or 227 kg to 140 km.

Improved Orion American sounding rocket. Unguided solid propellant single stage rocket using a military surplus M112 Hawk rocket motor. The motor was a dual thrust burner with a boost phase of 5 seconds and a sustainer phase of approximately 21 seconds. The rocket accelerated the payload then for 26 seconds with peak acceleration during the boost phase of 21g. A payload mass of 100 kg could be carried to an apogee of approximately 110 km.

Nike Improved Orion American sounding rocket.

Terrier Improved Orion Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Improved Orion

Terrier Orion American two-stage, spin-stabilized sounding rocket. It used a Terrier Mk 12 Mod 1 engine for its first stage and an improved Orion motor for its second stage. The Terrier-Orion could loft payloads weighing up to 290 kilograms to altitudes up to 190 kilometers.

Terrier Mk 70 Orion American sounding rocket.

Family: surface-to-air, vehicle-launched. Country: USA. Agency: Raytheon. Bibliography: 2.

1974 May 29 - . 19:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Hawk Motor test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1974 November 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1975 September 9 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hawk.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1977 February 26 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Auroral NO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1977 March 9 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Auroral NO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1977 July 12 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1977 July 14 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Parachute test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1977 July 19 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1977 December 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1977 December 14 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • A-OR-90 Orion 1 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1978 March 13 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Extreme ultraviolet airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1978 March 13 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Auroral UV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1978 April 13 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S27 TWILIGHT Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S32 NLC-OBS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • K-OR-91 Range test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse LWIR Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi). Eclipse LWIR. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 August 14 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Dummy Orion test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1979 August 21 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S27 / 2 Twilight B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 September 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 26 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 November 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 July 14 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1980 July 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1980 July 31 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field Plasma / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1980 August 14 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1980 August 14 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 September 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • TY2-7688 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1980 October 8 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • TY2-7684 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 October 16 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C Ferdinand 57 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C E6C Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • ENERGY B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B Ferdinand 55 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-B E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-B E11b Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B E6A1 S10.12-1 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A Ferdinand 56 Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6A2 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6B Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • OXYGEN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1981 February 27 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • AURORAL E1 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Auroral E3 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1981 March 7 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • AURORAL E2 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1981 March 8 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 March 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 March 30 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • LADY LOU Ba Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 April 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 April 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 April 3 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • KLONDIKE KATE Barium release Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 July 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 July 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 August 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 August 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1981 August 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 September 24 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1981 October 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1981 November 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 November 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1982 January 20 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1982 January 23 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 January 23 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1982 January 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 February 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 February 26 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1982 May 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1982 June 23 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1982 June 29 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • TRACER Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1982 July 7 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1982 July 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Cold Arctic Mesopause Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Strafam 1 / 2 Technology / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP-P Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP / SOAP-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP TAD Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1982 August 9 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 11 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP / SOAP-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1982 November 24 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 January 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 January 13 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 January 13 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 January 22 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 February 12 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 February 27 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 3 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 March 8 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 9 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 March 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 March 12 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. Launch Complex: Chilca PLOB. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Project Condor Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 April 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1983 June 21 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 July 15 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 July 20 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 July 25 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1983 August 30 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 September 7 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 November 17 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 November 19 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 November 19 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 71 M-T 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 66 M-T 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 68 M-T 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1984 January 16 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 January 25 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 67 M-T 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 70 M-T 5 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 73 M-M 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 69 M-T 6 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 72 M-M 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 64 M-T 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ferdinand 65 M-T 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1984 February 23 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 February 27 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1984 February 28 - . 17:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 April 2 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 May 10 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 August 7 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 August 16 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 August 23 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 August 23 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 September 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 October 22 - . 06:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ultraviolet Nightglow Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • MINI (Metal Ions) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1985 January 28 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 February 7 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 February 8 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 February 15 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 February 22 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 March 5 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 March 15 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1985 March 22 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1985 March 29 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 April 1 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 April 2 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 May 14 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 5 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1985 June 24 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 June 26 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 6 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 7 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 September 10 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 September 10 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 September 10 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 17 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 October 16 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1986 April 18 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1986 April 25 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CWAS 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1986 November 4 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aureld-VIP-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1986 November 20 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 December 12 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aureld-VIP-LOW Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1987 February 17 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1987 February 17 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • UM Airglow payload Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1987 March 24 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 May 6 - . 05:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1987 July 26 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1987 August 14 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • COLDR Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T1 Bugatti 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • MAC / Epsilon XRG Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 October 15 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / Epsilon NEFS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T3 Total 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / Epsilon EXERT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • MAC / Epsilon MAE F-75 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 October 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 October 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / Epsilon EXERT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T4 Ferdinand74 Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAC / E-T5 Total 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • MAC / Epsilon MAE F-74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1987 November 12 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • NEFS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1988 May 3 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1988 May 10 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1988 October 20 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1988 December 6 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1989 March 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1989 March 18 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1989 March 22 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT13 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 2 / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN1 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 09:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Nitric oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT50 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT62 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN2 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • RASMUS 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT73 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1990 March 9 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT76 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1990 March 11 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DAT84 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • DYANA DBN3 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 22 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1990 May 13 - . 21:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1990 May 13 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1990 May 14 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1990 May 29 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SPINRAC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1991 February 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 3 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • RASMUS 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1991 April 25 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 April 30 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CWAS 20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-B-P04 PEP B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-B-T05 TURBO B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-T13 TURBO A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-D14 DECIMALS A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-P17 PEP A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • N-A-D20 DECIMALS B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1991 September 17 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 20 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 September 30 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 3 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 October 4 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Turbo-Metal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 March 12 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 March 15 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 May 23 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 May 27 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 August 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Testflug test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1992 August 21 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 August 26 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 September 1 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 September 21 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • CSOAR Aeronomy / education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1992 December 6 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1992 December 11 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Strafam 3 / 21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1993 March 8 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 March 10 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 May 14 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 May 19 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 May 26 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aerospatiale test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 August 1 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SCT-06 (CONE) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC Decimals B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 September 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 September 13 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 October 4 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1993 November 29 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1994 February 19 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RASMUS 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1994 March 7 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 April 5 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1994 May 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1994 June 22 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 June 27 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1994 July 16 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 July 16 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1994 July 28 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-102 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 July 31 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-103 DUSTY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 August 12 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Echo 94 F-101 CONE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 August 19 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1994 August 20 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1994 August 22 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
1994 August 24 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1994 August 25 - . 01:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1994 September 12 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 September 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1994 December 5 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Hygrosonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1995 March 15 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
1995 March 19 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1995 March 27 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1995 April 29 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1995 May 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1995 June 6 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1995 June 30 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 July 14 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test Orion 1 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1995 July 26 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
1995 August 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
1995 October 8 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Test Orion 2 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1995 December 4 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1996 August 12 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • HOMER Aeronomy / education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1996 November 17 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
1997 May 23 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MSX? Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, SMDC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1997 June 4 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1997 August 8 - . 13:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • COORS / ROCKI (CRISTA) Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1997 September 2 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Anna Plains. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • DUNDEE 1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 September 5 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Anna Plains. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • DUNDEE 2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 September 10 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Anna Plains. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • DUNDEE 3 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 September 11 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Anna Plains. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • DUNDEE 4 (MSX) Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 November 5 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
1998 January 26 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC MERMAID Microgravity / education mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EDDY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1998 March 3 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC NLTE-1 Atomic 2A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 6 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC NLTE-2 Atomic 2B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 May 6 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1998 June 16 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Cincinatti / OhioSGC Aeronomy / education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1998 December 3 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1999 January 22 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1999 July 5 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1999 July 6 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1999 July 18 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1999 August 5 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Sub-SEM Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1999 December 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • MG. Pool Boiling Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

2000 January 30 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Student SRP-3 Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

2000 May 6 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Ferdinand-115 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2000 May 15 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Ferdinand-116 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2000 May 17 - . 10:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SPIRIT 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2000 June 13 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
2000 June 18 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2000 June 21 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
2000 October 13 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
2001 February 19 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

2001 April 27 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

2001 May 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Hotel Dart test - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2001 June 6 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 June 17 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 June 24 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2001 October 30 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hyshot 1 'Hilary' Technology mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: UQU. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    First launch attempt in the HyShot Flight Program. The scramjet payload was to be used to verify pressure measurements made of supersonic combustion in The University of Queensland's T4 shock tunnel by those made in an actual flight. A failure of stabilising fins meant that the rocket fell far short of the planned 330-km apogee and the scramjet experiment was not conducted.


2001 December 16 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Hygrosonde II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2002 March 7 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 March 15 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 March 15 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 March 15 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 March 18 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SRP-4 Education / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

2002 May 10 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
2002 May 16 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
2002 June 5 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
2002 June 5 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
2002 June 6 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MM-MW-08 MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2002 July 2 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MM-MI-12 Aeronomy / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MM-MW-23 MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MM-MI-24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 July 5 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MM-MI-25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2002 July 30 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • Hyshot 2 'Hans' Technology mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: UQU. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

    In the second launch of the HyShot program, the Terrier-Orion Mk70 rocket boosted the payload, which remain attached to the second stage Orion motor, toward a planned apogee of 330 km. After peaking at 314 km, the trajectory was designed so that the payload was moving at Mach 7.6 between 35 km and 23 km on the way down, at which point the measurements of supersonic combustion were made. This was claimed to be the first successful test of a scramjet in flight.


2002 November 20 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • VALPE (fairing) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MacWAVE Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 March 25 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC3. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • HEX V Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

2003 March 27 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC5. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JOULE Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2003 March 27 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC2. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • JOULE Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

2003 June 6 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2003 June 30 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Release M / Dtr Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

2003 June 30 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Release M / Dtr Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

2003 June 30 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Release M / Dtr Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

2003 July 1 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 July 4 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 July 6 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • ROMA 2003 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2003 July 15 - . 07:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • CWAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 July 15 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • CWAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 August 1 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
2003 August 20 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
2003 October 3 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • SPIRIT 2 Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 October 9 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

2003 October 18 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • Dummy Scramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2003 October 24 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
2003 November 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ICI-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

2004 April 13 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
2004 April 16 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Dummy Scramjet - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2004 June 9 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

2004 August 7 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 7 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2004 August 27 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 September 7 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 September 17 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 September 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 September 23 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
2004 October 28 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-2/ECOMA Education/Meteor mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

    The REXUS program was a joint project between the Swedish Space Corporation SSC, ESRANGE, and the Mobile Rocket Base (Moraba) of the German Aerospace Center DLR, conducted by newly founded EUROLAUNCH. The scientific payload capacity was shared between Swedish and German student experimenters. REXUS was considered as an annual sounding rocket program.


2004 November 24 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
2005 January 10 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MAGIC Meteorite dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2005 January 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2005 February 2 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2005 March 1 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2005 March 2 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2005 March 15 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC3. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • DUST Aeronomy / dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

2005 March 15 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC2. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • DUST Aeronomy / dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

2005 May 5 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • MCAFT-1 / IBSi Missile defense / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

2005 May 17 - . 11:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • MAGIC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 June 9 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

2005 June 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2005 June 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2005 July 4 - . 08:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • IMEF Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 September 9 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Acoustic monitoring Calibration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2005 September 9 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Acoustic monitoring Calibration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2005 September 29 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Telemetry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 November 9 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2005 November 14 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2005 November 18 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2005 December 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • FASTT Scramjet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA, NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

2005 December 20 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Water recovery test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2006 March 25 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • HyShot 3 - . Nation: Australia. Agency: UQU. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

    The 100-kg test British-design scramjet engine was boosted to an altitude of 314 km during a 10-minute flight. It and the attached second stage then were re-oriented to point back to the Earth. The scramjet was successfully ignited at a speed of Mach 8 in the tiny six-second window of opportunity shortly before impact.


2006 March 25 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 March 25 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 March 30 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • Hyshot 4 (JAXA) - . Nation: Australia. Agency: UQU. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

    A repeat of the test four days earlier, this time with a Japanese-designed scramjet. The nosecone of the rocket failed to jettison and therefore scramjet ignition was not achieved. The scramjet and second stage remains were located in the desert and recovered after only 20 minutes of searching.


2006 April 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Education mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2006 April 5 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Descent imagery / RSO Planetary test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

2006 May 22 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
2006 June 5 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 June 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 June 8 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Student (SUBSEM) Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

2006 June 8 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • DUNDEE target Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 June 23 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • MDA TRACKEX Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 July 1 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • ESPRIT (SPIRIT 3) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2006 July 1 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2006 July 21 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 July 21 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 September 9 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 1 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 September 17 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 2 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

2007 January 19 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • JOULE II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 January 19 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • JOULE II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 February 14 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • HEX-II V-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 February 14 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • HEX-II V-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 February 14 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • HEX-II V-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 April 26 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • FTM-11 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2007 June 15 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia, USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2007 June 15 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia, USN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2007 June 21 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • Star tracker / ACS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 August 3 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • MASS 1 (NLCs) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 August 3 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 3 Meteors / dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR, DLR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

2007 August 6 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • MASS 2 (NLCs) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 September 6 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
2007 November 6 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • PAC-2 target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). A Standard Missile-3 was launched from the Aegis cruiser CG 70 USS Lake Erie in a Missile Defense Agency ballistic missile flight test. This was a successful multiple simultaneous engagement involving two ballistic missile targets..

2007 November 6 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • PAC-2 target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2007 December 3 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • NCADE Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2008 April 1 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC APR ONE - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

2008 June 27 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
2008 June 30 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2008 July 7 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2008 July 12 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
2008 July 14 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
2008 October 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 4 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

2008 October 27 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Parelhas - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2009 January 10 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • NASA 30.073UO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

2009 February 18 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.076 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmosphere.

2009 February 18 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.078 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmosphere.

2009 February 18 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.079 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmosphere.

2009 February 18 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.077 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmosphere.

2009 March 12 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 6 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Ionos./Tech.

2009 March 13 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 5 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Atmos./Tech.

2009 May 7 - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • HiFire-0 - . Nation: Australia. Agency: DSTO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Hypersonic.

2009 May 22 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Micrograv.

2009 May 28 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.080NR - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Hypersonic.

2009 May 29 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maracati 1 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Test.

2009 June 26 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.083UO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Education.

2009 July 31 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Aegis Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Target.

2009 July 31 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Aegis Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Target.

2009 December 17 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.086UO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Airglow.

2010 February 9 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
2010 March 2 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 7 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Aeronomy/Technology payload.

2010 March 4 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • SSC REXUS 8/ - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Technology payload.

2010 March 22 - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • HiFire-1 - . Nation: Australia. Agency: DSTO. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Hypersonic test.

2010 June 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.088UO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Educational payload.

2010 September 21 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.082NP - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Carried SubTEC-III technology experiment..

2010 October 27 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mapheus-2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi). Microgravity payload..

2010 December 4 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 7 - . Nation: Germany, Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Meteor dust payload..

2010 December 6 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maracati 2 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Range test prior to Microg 1A launch..

2010 December 6 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.087NT - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). JPL technology mission to refine methods for planetary lander terrain recognition..

2010 December 13 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 8 - . Nation: Germany, Norway. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Meteor dust payload..

2010 December 19 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • ECOMA 9 - . Nation: Germany, Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Meteor dust payload..

2011 February 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 9 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity experiments..
  • EURO REXUS 9 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: EUROL. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

2011 February 23 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 10 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Microgravity experiments..
  • EURO REXUS 10 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: EUROL. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

2011 May 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Camurupim - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2011 June 10 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.096GT - . Nation: USA. Technology mission. Carried high data rate X-band telemetry system and an 0.4-meter SMART microsatellite bus..

2011 June 23 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.095UO - . Nation: USA. Educational mission..

2011 July 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.090GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Ionosphere mission..

2011 July 21 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: KirunA MRL. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • SSC PHOCUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2011 July 21 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.092GO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Education mission..

2011 October 11 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.094UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmospheric sciences mission. CHAMPS flights, one nighttime and one daytime, to study meteoritic dust in the upper atmosphere..

2011 October 13 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.093UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmospheric sciences mission. CHAMPS flights, one nighttime and one daytime, to study meteoritic dust in the upper atmosphere..

2011 November 25 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Orion V05 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
  • Brasil-Alemanha - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2012 March 19 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 12 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2012 March 27 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.097UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 March 27 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • NASA 41.098UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 May 10 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • FTM-16/2A Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM Target.

2012 June 21 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.101UO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Education mission..

2012 November 16 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • EURO REXUS 11 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: EUROL. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

2012 November 25 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS-3 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi). Microgravity experiments..

2013 January 29 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • NASA 41.107GT - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmospheric sciences payload. Tested new lithium release experiments..

2013 February 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.104GT - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Technology.

2013 May 1 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.100DR - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi). Ionosphere.

2013 May 7 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 14 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity mission.

2013 May 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 13 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Microgravity mission.

2013 May 9 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Pad: Roi-Namur. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.102DR - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi). Ionospheric payload.

2013 June 20 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1 AML. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 40.106UO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi). RockOn 2013 Education mission.

2013 July 4 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • NASA 41.090GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Ionosphere mission. NASA Daytime Dynamo experiment..

2014 January 15 - . 09:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • FTX-18 target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). ABM Target.

2014 January 15 - . 09:09 GMT - . LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • FTX-18 target - . Nation: USA. ABM Target.

2014 January 15 - . 09:09 GMT - . LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • FTX-18 target - . Nation: USA. ABM Target.

2014 May 28 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-16 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Atmospheric / technology mission..

2014 May 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-15 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Atmospheric / technology mission..

2014 June 26 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • RockOn 2014 - . Nation: USA. Agency: GSFC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

2015 January 26 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.111UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2015 January 26 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.112UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2015 March 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 17 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 March 18 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 18 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2015 June 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.113UO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi). Educational launch..

2015 October 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • Aegis Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). US Navy missile defense test carried out in the Hebrides Range in Scotland. The target Terrier Orion rocket launched from the island of South Uist was the first exoatmospheric rocket launch from UK territory since 1982..

2016 March 7 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.114NP - . Nation: USA. Type: Technology. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Technology mission. Impacted in Atlantic Ocean..

2016 June 24 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • RockOn/Rocksat-C - . Nation: USA. Type: Education. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). Education mission. Impacted in Atlantic Ocean..

2016 July 16 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • ROTEX-T - . Nation: USA. Type: Hypersonic vehicle test. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi). Hypersonic vehicle test mission. Impacted in ESRANGE..

2017 March 15 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 21 - . Nation: Sweden. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE B zone..

2017 March 16 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 22 - . Nation: Sweden. Type: Microgravity. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi). Microgravity mission. Impacted in ESRANGE B zone..


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