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Black Brant II
Part of Black Brant Family
Canadian single stage sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle.

AKA: Black Brant 2. Status: Retired 1974. First Launch: 1960-10-12. Last Launch: 1974-02-22. Number: 58 . Payload: 68 kg (149 lb). Thrust: 89.00 kN (20,007 lbf). Gross mass: 880 kg (1,940 lb). Height: 8.45 m (27.72 ft). Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft). Apogee: 274 km (170 mi).

Payload: 68 kg (149 lb) to a 274 km altitude.



Country: Canada. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, Fort Churchill, Kiruna, Fort Churchill LC7. Stages: 15KS25000. Agency: Bristol.

1960 October 12 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1960 October 12 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1963 May 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1963 June 11 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1963 June 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1963 June 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Operation Probe High Eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1963 July 26 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • D region e density Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1963 October 14 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1963 October 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • NO2 release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 October 26 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1963 October 29 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • NO2 release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1964 January 9 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1964 January 14 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 January 17 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 January 20 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 January 20 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 April 7 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 April 8 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral study Apr9? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 April 16 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere / particles / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Daytime ne Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 September 8 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 September 15 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 October 27 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • D region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1964 November 27 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Test/Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 March 17 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Fields mission (date may be 23 March) - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • or Mar 24 Ionosphere / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 May 27 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 March 26 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1966 March 30 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1966 September 28 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Hydrogen line emission Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1967 January 21 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1967 January 22 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1967 February 4 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Recovery test / Ionosphere Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1968 January 19 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Te / ne Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Fields / Ionosphere / Micrometeorites Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1968 January 30 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1968 April 16 - . 03:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 April 18 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1968 April 18 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • dup for 116? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral spectrum Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1968 December 13 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • N2, temperature profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1969 February 19 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • VUV auroral spectrum Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1969 September 11 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 September 12 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1970 April 22 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1971 January 13 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • O2 profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 07:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral VUV Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1972 February 15 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1973 February 26 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1974 February 22 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).


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