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Black Brant VB
Part of Black Brant Family
Canadian single stage sounding rocket. Three-fin version. The Black Brant VB provided slightly improved performance over the VC. The burnout roll rate for the Black Brant V was 4 cycles per second. Maximum longitudinal acceleration varied with payload weight; for a typical payload weight of 270 kg, maximum thrust axis acceleration is approximately 12g's.

AKA: Black Brant 5B. Status: Active. First Launch: 1965-06-12. Last Launch: 2002-02-21. Number: 66 . Gross mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Height: 8.30 m (27.20 ft). Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft). Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).



Country: Canada. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands, White Sands LC35, Poker Flat, Fort Churchill, Woomera, White Sands LC36, Eglin, Kiruna, Cape Parry, Southend. Stages: 26KS20000. Agency: Bristol.

1965 June 12 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi).

1965 September 16 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • CRL AE18.315 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
1966 August 19 - . 07:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
1967 April 26 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 396 km (246 mi).

1967 April 27 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi).

1967 May 5 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi).

1967 August 3 - . 07:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • MPE Barium release Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 448 km (278 mi).

1967 August 6 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • MPE Barium release Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Hbeta / ne Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi).

1968 March 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1968 April 3 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1968 August 2 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi).

1968 December 18 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Calgary auroral Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi).

1969 March 10 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1969 April 1 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • VUV auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi).

1969 November 8 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral lower elevatuib Ionosphere / plasma / meteor mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1970 April 24 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1970 August 16 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • E fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1970 December 14 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Airglow Ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1971 February 25 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1971 March 3 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Electrons / ions Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Not in FC Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Not in FC - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1972 March 24 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Nightglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1972 July 15 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RM-52 extreme ultraviolet Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1972 October 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • CALROC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1973 February 2 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1973 May 16 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Tower modification test / aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1974 February 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ISIS-2 pass Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Cusp Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1976 February 2 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1976 November 9 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Cosmic rays X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1977 January 7 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 March 21 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • CMB spectrum Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1978 February 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 2 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1978 December 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1979 June 29 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 3 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1980 February 15 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1980 February 23 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1981 January 19 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Upper atmosphere Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1982 November 9 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Extreme ultraviolet line profiles Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1983 August 8 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • CHARGE-1 (TPE-3) Tether / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS, NASA. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1984 February 23 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1984 March 3 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU UVT F11 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1984 July 24 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 June 14 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 5 Io Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1985 August 3 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1986 February 26 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35?. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 6 Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1986 March 13 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 7 Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1988 April 9 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ERRRIS I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1989 March 3 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ERRRIS II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • N-B-E03 EFIELD-B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • N-B-E16 EFIELD-A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1999 January 22 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1999 July 27 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ICON Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).


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