Encyclopedia Astronautica
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UK
Aberporth
Aberporth
Credit: © Mark Wade
UK

People: Peake, Digges, Newton, Congreve, Wells, Massey, Lovell, Bernard, Sandys, Clarke, Hodge, Llewellyn, Ross, H E, Hoernig, Haskell, Taylor, Brian, Whitcomb, Boyle, Longhurst, Farrimond, Wood, Nigel, Holmes, Sellers, Mace, Timothy, Foale, Garriott, Richard, Johnson, Gregory H, Sharman, Patrick. Country: UK. Engines: Gamma 2, Gamma 201, Gamma 301, Gamma 8, RB-211-22B, RB545, RZ.2, Sabre. Spacecraft: CBNT, ELiTeBus, I-2K, SSTL-300, BIS Lunar Lander, BIS Station, BIS Space Suit, Nonweiler Waverider, RAF Jerkin System, Armstrong Whitworth Waverider, Hawker Siddeley Waverider-1960, Oscar, Ariel, Type B, NATO 1, Prospero, Hawker Siddeley Waverider-1971, Skynet, Miranda, NATO 3, ECS/OTS, HS 376, SSTL-70, Mars via Solar Sail, IRAS, AMPTE, ASC, Multi-Role Recovery Capsule, MRC DM, MRC SM, FS-1300, SECS/OTS, Ascender, STRV, MicroSat-100, Starchaser 5, Star bus, Minibus, MiniSat-400, SSTL-10, UoSAT, Mars Express, Cubesat, The Green Arrow, Eurostar 3000, Skynet 5, SSTL-150. Launch Vehicles: Titan, Newton's Orbital Cannon, V-2, Zucker Rocket, BIS 3 Stage, Thor, Skylark, Skylark 1, R-7, Bloodhound, Polaris, Skylark 2, Black Knight 201, Arcas, Bloodhound Mk. 1, Bloodhound Mk. 2, Rook, R-14, Leopard, Scout, Skylark 2C, Blue Water, Black Knight 201/C, Jaguar 1, RAF Jaguar, Blue Steel, Skylark 5C, Sea Slug Mk. 1, Skua, Skua 1, Skylark 5, Black Knight 301/C, Skylark 7C, Skylark 7, Skylark 8, Skylark 9, RAE TSTO, Raven, Black Knight 201/C2, Blue Streak, Black Knight 301/C2, Jaguar 2, Skylark 3, Mustard, RAE Orbital Fighter, Rook IIIA, Skylark 3 AC, Seaslug, Skylark 11, Sea Slug Mk. 2, Petrel, Petrel 1, Jabiru 2, Skylark 6, Skua 2, Viper, Skylark 6 AC, Black Arrow, Stonechat, Stonechat I, Skua 3, Skylark 2 AC, Jabiru 3, Skylark 4, Skylark 4 AC, Skua 4, Skylark 10A, Skylark 7 AC, Falstaff, Fulmar, Skylark 12, Trident, Petrel 2, Skylark 12 AC, Ariane, Skylark 14, Skylark 15, Skylark 16, Skylark 17, HOTOL, INTA, Spacecab, Spacebus, Interim HOTOL, PSLV, Skylon, Ariane 5, Skybolt Sounding Rocket. Projects: BSB. Launch Sites: Cuxhaven, Wallops Island, Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg, Baikonur, Woomera, Plesetsk, Aberporth, RAF Driffield, RAF Feltwell, RAF Hemswell, RAF North Luffenham, Kindley, Sonmiani, Andoya, South Uist, Birdling's Flat, Thumba, San Marco, Kiruna, El Arenosillo, Kourou, Sonde Stromfjord, Sriharikota, Villa Reynolds, Greenham Common, Molesworth, Rothera, Dombarovskiy. Stages: Black Arrow-2, Black Arrow-1, Europa-1, Rook engine, Cuckoo IB, Black Knight 201-1, Black Knight 301/C2-1, Cuckoo II, Mustard 1, Mustard 2, Stonechat-1, Gosling 4, Bantam 2, Bantam 3, Cuckoo IA, Cuckoo 4, Goldfinch IIA, Interim HOTOL stage, Bantam, Black Arrow-3, Chick, Goldfinch II, Goldfinch, Goose II, Gosling, Lapwing, Lobster, Raven 1, Raven 11, Raven 2, Raven 5, Raven 6, Raven 7, Raven 8, Snipe, Stonechat II, Stonechat Mk 2. Agency: RTG, WO, NASA, Royal Aerospace Establishment, CNES, Sup.



1675 June 22 - .
  • Royal Greenwich Observatory founded. - . Nation: UK.

1687 July 6 - .
  • Isaac Newton's Principia Published - . Nation: UK.

1781 March 13 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Uranus - . Nation: UK.

1787 January 11 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Uranus Moons Titania and Oberon - . Nation: UK.

1789 August 28 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Saturn Moon Enceladus - . Nation: UK.

1789 September 17 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Saturn Moon Mimas - . Nation: UK.

1820 January 12 - .
  • Royal Astronomical Society founded. - . Nation: UK.

1840 January 19 - .
  • Discovery of Antarctica - . Nation: UK.

1846 October 10 - .
  • William Lassell's Discovery of Neptune Moon Triton - . Nation: UK.

1848 September 19 - .
  • William and George Bond's Discovery of Saturn Moon Hyperion - . Nation: UK.

1851 October 24 - .
  • William Lassell's Discovery of Uranus Moons Umbriel and Ariel - . Nation: UK.

1908 January 27 - .
  • Melotte's Discovery of Jupiter Moon Pasiphae - . Nation: UK.

1932 April 22 - .
  • Birth of Dr John Anthony 'Tony' Llewellyn - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Llewellyn. British-American pilot astronaut, 1967-1968..

1933 October 13 - .
  • British Interplanetary Society founded - . Nation: UK.

1934 June 6 - . LV Family: Zucker Rocket. Launch Vehicle: Zucker Rocket.
  • Zucker mail rocket launch at Sussex Downs - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Zucker. Apogee: 0.60 km (0.37 mi).

    Zucker, his backer, and selected press representatives met on a hilltop on Sussex Downs. After a first successful test launch without payload, two launches were made with postal covers. The observers guessed the rockets went as high as 400 to 800 m. Banner headlines the next day announced 'The First British Rocket Mail' and carried Zucker's claim that soon he would inaugrate regular one minute rocket post service between Dover and Calais.


1934 July 31 - . LV Family: Zucker Rocket. Launch Vehicle: Zucker Rocket.
  • Zucker mail rocket explosion at Harris - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Zucker. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    Zucker announced a demonstration firing of his rocket over 1600 m of water between the town of Harris and the Isle of Scarp. Government officials watched as the rocket exploded, blowing the burning payload of postal covers all over the beach. The British found Zucker to be a 'threat to the income of the post office and the security of the country'. He was deported to Germany, where he was immediately arrested by the Germans on suspicion of espionage or collaboration with Britain.


1938 July 21 - .
  • Birth of Otto William Jr Hoernig - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Hoernig. British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1941 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Anthony Hugh Boyle - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Boyle. British-American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984..

1943 March 8 - .
  • Birth of Peter Hervey Longhurst - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Longhurst. British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of science in electrical engineering from the Royal Navy Engineering College, Plymouth, 1966. Commander, Royal Navy. Later became a farmer in Somerset, England..

1945 October 1 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Complex: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Project Backfire first attempted V-2 launch. - . Nation: UK. Attempted launch of a V-2 from Altenwalde by German technicians under British direction in order to document launch procedures. The launch was aborted on the pad and a different missile was selected for the next attempt..

1945 October 2 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Backfire 1 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: WO. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Launch of V-2 from Altenwalde by German technicians under British direction in order to document launch procedures. The launch was successful and the missile reached an altitude of 90 km..

1945 October 4 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Partial failure.
  • Backfire 2 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: WO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Partial failure; the rocket only reached 20 km altitude..

1945 October 15 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Backfire 3 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: WO. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

    Third and final launch in Project Backfire, with allied observors. Glushko, Sokolov, Pobedonostsev; Korolev and Gaidukov kept outside fence; Von Karman, Merrill, Seifert, Pickering from US. The launch was successful and the missile reached an altitude of 90 km.


1947 September 15 - .
  • Birth of Richard Alfred Farrimond - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Farrimond. British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1948 November 13 - .
  • British Interplanetary Society's H. E. Ross described a manned satellite station. - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: BIS Station. Spacecraft: BIS Station.

    In a paper presented to the British Interplanetary Society, H. E. Ross described a manned satellite station in Earth orbit that would serve as an astronomical and zero-gravity and vacuum research laboratory. (Ross' bold suggestions also included schemes for a manned landing on the Moon and return to Earth through use of the rendezvous technique in Earth orbit and about the Moon.) Ross' suggested design comprised a circular structure that housed the crew of the space laboratory (numbering 24 specialists and support personnel) as well as telescopes and research equipment. The station, he suggested, could be resupplied with oxygen and other life-support essentials by supply ships launched every three months.


1948 November 13 - .
  • British Interplanetary Society manned lunar landing mission - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: BIS Lunar Lander. Spacecraft: BIS Lunar Lander.

    A paper read to the British Interplanetary Society by H. E. Ross described a manned lunar landing mission which would require a combination of the earth orbit and lunar orbit rendezvous techniques. Three spacecraft would be launched simultaneously into earth orbit, each carrying a pilot. After rendezvous, the crew would transfer to ship A, which would refuel from ships B and C. Ship C would be discarded completely, but ship B would be fueled with the surplus not needed by A. The spacecraft would then be fired into a translunar trajectory. Upon reaching the vicinity of the moon, the spacecraft would go into lunar orbit, detach fuel tanks, and descend to the lunar surface. To return to earth, the spacecraft would rendezvous with the fuel tanks, refuel, and fire into a transearth trajectory. On approaching the earth, the spacecraft would rendezvous with ship B, the crew would transfer to ship B, and descend to earth. The ability to rendezvous in space was seen to be the essential element of such a project. The total payload weight at launch would be 1,326 tons equally divided among the three ships as compared to 2.6 times this weight required for a direct ascent and return from the moon.


1949 July 21 - .
  • Birth of Nigel Richard Wood - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Wood, Nigel. British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1950 July 10 - .
  • Birth of Christopher John Nicholas Holmes - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Holmes. British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London..

1951 - During the year - .
  • The Exploration of Space by Arthur C. Clarke - . Nation: UK.

    Arthur C. Clarke's The Exploration of Space was first published in England in 1951, and became a US Book of the Month Club selection the following year. The book included an alternative to the direct ascent technique: assembling or refueling the space vehicle in earth orbit before injection into translunar trajectory, to be followed, possibly, by rendezvous in lunar orbit with fuel tanker rockets launched from the earth.


1951 During the Year - .
  • Nonweiler Waverider - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: Waveriders. Spacecraft: Nonweiler Waverider. The Nonweiler Waverider was a caret wing hypersonic waverider concept developed by Professor Terence R.F. Nonweiler, of Queen`s University, Belfast..

1955 April 11 - .
  • Birth of Piers John Sellers - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Sellers. British-American ecologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-112, STS-121, STS-132..

1955 November 20 - .
  • Birth of Timothy Kristian Charles Mace - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Mace, Timothy. British engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1998. Was married to the daughter of former Soviet Cosmonaut V Zholobov..

1957 January 6 - .
  • Birth of Dr Colin Michael 'Mike' Foale - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Foale. British-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45, STS-56, STS-63, Mir NASA-4, STS-103, ISS EO-8; 373 days in space. Appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Operations in 2004..

1958 September 7 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: UK. Agency: Royal Aerospace Establishment. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Black Knight missile of the United Kingdom was launched from the Australian range at Woomera to an altitude of over 300 miles..

1959 March 12 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: UK. Agency: Royal Aerospace Establishment. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Second British Black Knight rocket reached 350-mile altitude at Woomera, Australia..

1959 June 11 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1959 June 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. FAILURE: Failure.
1959 June 29 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1959 July 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. FAILURE: Failure.
1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. FAILURE: Failure.
1959 October 30 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1960 During the Year - .
  • Armstrong Whitworth Waverider - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: Waveriders. Spacecraft: Armstrong Whitworth Waverider.

    The study called for a two-crew waverider spacecraft powered by a second stage atop a British Blue Streak rocket. The group leaders of this project were H R Watson of Armstrong Whitworth, and Dr W F Hilton of Hawker Siddeley. The spacecraft design was by T R F Nonweiler.


1960? - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2?. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1960 January 2 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. FAILURE: Failure.
1960 January 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. FAILURE: Failure.
1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1960 April 21 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Blue Water. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water.
1960 April 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Blue Water. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water.
1960 April 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1960 April 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1960 May 24 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight. FAILURE: Failure.
1960 May 27 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1960 June 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1960 July 12 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1960 July 14 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1960 July 25 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1960 August 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1960 November 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1960 December 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1961 February 7 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1961 April 21 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1961 April 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1961 May 9 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight. FAILURE: Failure.
1961 June 7 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight. FAILURE: Failure.
1961 July 4 - .
  • Birth of Richard Allen Garriott - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Garriott, Richard. American computer scientist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-15. Son of astronaut Owen Garriott. Sold first computer game at 16; made millions in computer games. Paid $30 million for a flight to the International Space Station..

1961 July 20 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1961 July 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1961 November 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1962 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1962 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1962 April 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1962 April 26 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Ariel 1 - . Payload: UK 1 (S-51). Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: NASA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1976-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 285 . COSPAR: 1962-Omicron-1. Apogee: 1,203 km (747 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 53.8000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Ionospheric studies; returned X-ray, ionospheric, cosmic ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 May 1 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1962 May 12 - .
  • Birth of Gregory Harold 'Box' Johnson - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Johnson, Gregory H. British-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-123..

1962 June 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Blue Water. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water.
1962 June 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1962 August 24 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1962 November 29 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1963 March 27 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1963 May 23 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: Canterbury, NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 30 - .
  • Birth of Helen Patricia 'Lenochka' Sharman - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Sharman. British engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Juno. Chemist. First British astronaut. First non-American, non-Soviet female astronaut..

1964 - . LV Family: Mustard. Launch Vehicle: Mustard.
  • MUSTARD - Multi-Unit Space Transport And Recovery Device study - . Nation: UK.

    British Aircraft Corporation study of 1964-1965 for winged reuseable space shuttle using the 'triamese' concept - reduced costs by use of two boosters nearly identical to the orbiter vehicle. The components were lifting bodies with a configuration similar to the US HL-10 vehicle.


1964 January 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1964 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1964 January 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1.
1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1964 March 22 - .
  • Birth of Nicholas James MacDonald Patrick - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Patrick. British-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-116, STS-130..

1964 March 27 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3.
  • Ariel 2 - . Payload: UK 2 (UK-C). Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: DSIR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1967-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 771 . COSPAR: 1964-015A. Apogee: 1,349 km (838 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1964 August 5 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1964 October 2 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1964 November 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: Canterbury, NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 10 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1965 April 21 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1965 May 12 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1965 July 23 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1965 July 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1965 August 25 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1965 September 28 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1965 November 25 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1965 December 24 - .
  • Barwell Meteorite Fall (Hit Car, Buildings) - . Nation: UK.

1966 February 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 18 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 February 21 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 February 23 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 February 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1966 February 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 March 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 March 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 March 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 March 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 April 18 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1966 April 21 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 September 27 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1966 November 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1967 May 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1967 May 5 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Ariel 3 - . Payload: UK 3 (UK-E). Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1970-12-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2773 . COSPAR: 1967-042A. Apogee: 604 km (375 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 80.6000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 Q3? - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 July 8 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1967 July 11 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1967 July 12 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1967 August 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1967 September 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1967 December 7 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1968 Q1? - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Test - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 February 3 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 February 13 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1968 February 15 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 February 15 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 February 16 - . 10:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 February 17 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 February 29 - . 21:18 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 March 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 March 6 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • C / D / E electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • C / D / E electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 March 29 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 April 24 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1968 April 24 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 May 29 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Langmuir probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 June 1 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Langmuir probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1968 June 21 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1968 June 22 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1968 July 2 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 July 8 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 July 18 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1968 August 1 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar X-rays / La / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1968 August 7 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1968 October 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1968 November 6 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1968 November 8 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1968 November 8 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 11 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • C / D / E electrons / SpE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 November 12 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1968 November 13 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 15 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 16 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 18 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1968 November 20 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 November 22 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1968 November 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 25 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1968 November 27 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1968 November 29 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1968 November 30 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1968 December 9 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter abs / Strato Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1969 January 5 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1969 January 7 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1969 January 8 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 January 10 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1969 January 13 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 January 15 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1969 January 18 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 January 27 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1969 February 3 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 11 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 February 15 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field gradient Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1969 March 18 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E-region E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 April 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1969 April 1 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1969 April 3 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • UK SL502 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1969 April 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • UK SL606 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1969 April 22 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • UK SL604 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 May 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1969 May 14 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • UK SL404 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1969 June 18 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar X-rays / La / ne Ionosphere / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 June 19 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar X-rays / La / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 June 27 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. LV Family: Black Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. FAILURE: Control lost after 50 sec. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 1.
1969 July 3 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1969 July 14 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Electron profile Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1969 July 16 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1969 July 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Dayglow / electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Electron profile Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1969 July 28 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • SpE fine scale Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1969 July 29 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Dayglow / electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1969 August 2 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • SpE fine scale Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • HRCS / PHC Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1969 September 15 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 September 30 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Night D / E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Stonechat I.
1969 October 1 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Night D / E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 1 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Night D / E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 10 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • SpE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 October 11 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 14 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 16 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1969 October 17 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • SpE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 20 - . 07:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • UK SL586 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1969 October 22 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • X-ray survey / Solar X X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Fresnel shadowgraph X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1969 November 20 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Solar ultraviolet Spectrum / PHC Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1969 November 22 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta M.
  • Skynet 1A - . Mass: 243 kg (535 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NATO 1. Spacecraft: NATO 1. Completed Operations Date: 1980-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 4250 . COSPAR: 1969-101A. Apogee: 35,894 km (22,303 mi). Perigee: 35,682 km (22,171 mi). Inclination: 13.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    Skynet IA, the first of two Skynet military communications satellite built for the United Kingdom by the Philco-Ford Corporation, was launched from Cape Canaveral aboard a NASA Long Tank Thrust Augmented Thor/Delta (DSV-3L). The satellite was turned over to the United Kingdom on 30 January 1970, providing the United Kingdom with its first operational military communications satellite system. The Skynet satellites were designed to be usable with the Initial Defense Satellite Communication System (IDSCS) satellites of the United States. Over Indian Ocean. Military communications. Previously registered by the United States in A/AC.105/INF.220: 1969-101A, orbital data 276 x 36716 km x 28.0 deg, category C. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 41 deg E in 1969-1972?; ??? 1972-1977; over the Americas at 100-110 deg W in 1977-1998 As of 26 August 2001 located at 104.51 deg W drifting at 0.015 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 106.94W drifting at 0.015W degrees per day.


1969 November 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1969 November 26 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1969 November 26 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Solar ultraviolet FP / PHC Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1969 November 29 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 December 2 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 December 4 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1969 December 8 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 December 11 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1969 December 13 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 14 - . 11:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 15 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1969 December 16 - . 11:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1969 December 16 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1969 December 17 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1969 December 17 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1969 December 18 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 18 - . 13:28 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1969 December 19 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1969 December 23 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 December 27 - . 17:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1969 December 29 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 December 30 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 January 5 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1970 January 7 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 9 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1970 January 9 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 January 16 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1970 January 19 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1970 January 19 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 23 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 26 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1970 January 28 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 30 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 February 5 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1970 February 10 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S72 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1970 February 16 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 17 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 February 18 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 February 18 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 20 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 21 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 February 21 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • UK-4 instrumented prototype Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1970 February 23 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 04:01 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Chaff Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Chaff Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1970 March 3 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. LV Family: Black Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow.
1970 March 5 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1970 March 5 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.03 TERLS-155 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1970 March 10 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.04 TERLS-159 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1970 March 12 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.05 TERLS-160 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1970 March 14 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.06 TERLS-161 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 March 16 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.07 TERLS-162 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1970 March 16 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.08 TERLS-163 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1970 March 18 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.09 TERLS-169 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1970 March 18 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray BCS Sco X-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ultraviolet Schmidt Objective Prism Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1970 March 20 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.10 TERLS-173 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1970 March 22 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO 16.11 TERLS-174 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 March 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1970 April 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1970 April 7 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Solar ultraviolet echelle Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1970 April 11 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 April 11 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 April 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 April 14 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 April 15 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO-16.13 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO-16.12 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • X-ray spectra / Ozone X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 April 17 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 April 21 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1970 June 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 June 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 June 24 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 June 27 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • SpE fine scale Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1970 July 1 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 July 10 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • X-ray spectra / Ionos X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1970 July 14 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1970 July 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Extreme ultraviolet OGS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1970 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • RTG SP4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1970 August 19 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta M.
  • Skynet 1B - . Mass: 243 kg (535 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NATO 1. Spacecraft: NATO 1. USAF Sat Cat: 4493 . COSPAR: 1970-062A. Apogee: 37,460 km (23,270 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 25.9000 deg. Period: 665.40 min.

    The second of two British Skynet I communication satellites (Skynet B) was launched from Cape Canaveral for U.S. Air Force and United Kingdom aboard a NASA Long Tank Thrust Augmented Thor/ Delta (DSV-3M) space booster. The spacecraft was placed in a transfer orbit prior to firing of the apogee kick motor that was to put it into a synchronous orbit over Kenya. Contact with Skynet B was lost during the firing of the apogee kick motor on 22 August and was not regained. The Skynet I satellites were part of the Initial Defense Satellite Communication System (TDSCS) program which was managed for the United Kingdom by SAMSO, with NASA providing launch vehicles and services. AKM failure left in unusable orbit. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


1970 September 2 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. LV Family: Black Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. FAILURE: Second stage shut down 13 seconds early.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Orba - . Payload: X 2. Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Royal Aerospace Establishment. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prospero. Spacecraft: Prospero. Decay Date: 1970-09-02 . Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Unsuccessful attempt to orbit a satellite..

1970 September 8 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1970 September 8 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 September 11 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 September 18 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly / Stratosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1970 October 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 October 16 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S53 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1970 October 19 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S58 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 November 11 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1970 November 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly / Stratosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1970 November 16 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 November 19 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • VLF fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1970 November 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • XRB anisotropy X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1970 November 24 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray crystal spectrometer Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1970 December 2 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1970 December 9 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1970 December 11 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1970 December 12 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1971 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 January 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 21 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 January 22 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 23 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1971 January 25 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1971 January 28 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1971 January 28 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1971 January 29 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • XRB anisotropy X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1971 February 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1971 February 3 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1971 February 4 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 5 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1971 February 8 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 10 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 10 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 February 22 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S85 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • UK SL922 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 March 22 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1971 March 23 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1971 March 23 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1971 March 24 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1971 March 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1971 April 5 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Small-scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1971 April 14 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1971 April 15 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1971 April 16 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 April 24 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1971 May 1 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 May 10 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1971 May 28 - . 02:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1971 May 28 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1971 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1971 June 25 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 June 26 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 June 28 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 July 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1971 July 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ionosphere / Neutral atmosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1971 July 3 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA.
1971 July 14 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 July 14 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron analyser Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 July 14 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron analyser Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1971 July 30 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 August 5 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Solar spectra Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1971 September 13 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Night D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1971 September 15 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1971 September 22 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1971 September 27 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • GX3+1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1971 September 28 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly / Stratosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1971 October 12 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S81 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1971 October 14 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1971 October 20 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1971 October 24 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • GX3+1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1971 October 28 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. LV Family: Black Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow.
  • Prospero - . Payload: X 3. Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Royal Aerospace Establishment. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prospero. Spacecraft: Prospero. USAF Sat Cat: 5580 . COSPAR: 1971-093A. Apogee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Perigee: 531 km (329 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. To test in space equipment for future satellites and to conduct a scientific experiment to measure the incidence of micro-meteoroids. Launch time 0409 GMT, injection point 13.7 deg S, 137.9 deg E. Anticipated life 100 years. .

1971 November 18 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Lithium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 November 19 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1971 November 25 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Lithium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 November 30 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • HRCS / X-ray imager Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1971 December 1 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 December 3 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1971 December 6 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 December 7 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray BCS Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 12:22 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron temp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 11 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1.
  • Ariel 4 - . Payload: UK 4. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1978-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 5675 . COSPAR: 1971-109A. Apogee: 592 km (367 mi). Perigee: 476 km (295 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Ionospheric studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 January 4 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1972 January 5 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO-16.14 Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1972 January 6 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 January 7 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.03 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1972 January 14 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.04 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 12:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 13:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1972 January 18 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • ISRO-16.15 Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1972 January 18 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 18.05 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1972 January 22 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • ISRO-16.16 Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1972 February 2 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.06 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1972 February 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.07 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.08 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1972 February 17 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Faraday rotation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1972 February 18 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E-region multiprobe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK SL1023 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Echelle spectra Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1972 March 26 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • ER1 Test / remote sensing mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1972 April 7 - .
  • Birth of Timothy Nagel Peake - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Peake. British pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on..

1972 April 14 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1972 April 19 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 April 19 - . 12:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 April 21 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 April 28 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1972 May 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 May 5 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1972 May 10 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 24 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 June 7 - . 11:23 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1972 June 14 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 June 21 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1972 July 5 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • UK SL1191 - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 July 5 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 July 20 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK SL1183 (Dummy R) test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1972 August 29 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E-region multiprobe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 August 29 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1972 August 30 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1972 August 31 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1972 August 31 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 October 5 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 7 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • VLF radio hiss Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 12 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 17 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • Composition / scattering Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1972 October 18 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 October 20 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Soft X-ray / Lunar ultraviolet X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron analyser Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 25 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 October 26 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray BCS / RMC Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1972 October 29 - . 15:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 November 2 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • ESRO S95 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 November 3 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar chorus Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 November 8 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 December 7 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • GX5-1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ions / O2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Target - . Nation: UK. Agency: MOD. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 January 10 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1973 January 19 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1973 January 20 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 January 22 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1973 January 24 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 January 25 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1973 January 29 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 January 30 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • GX2+5 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1973 January 31 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 February 19 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 February 22 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons / La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1973 February 23 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons / La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 February 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • X-ray parabolic telescope X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1973 March 14 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Imaging spectrograph Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1973 March 14 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 March 15 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1973 March 20 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Dawn chorus Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1973 March 20 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Echelle spectrograph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Villa Reynolds. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • UK SL1182 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 23 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1973 March 26 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1973 March 28 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Villa Reynolds. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 29 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1973 March 31 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Dawn chorus Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 06:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 14:52 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1973 April 6 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1973 April 17 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Mod collimator X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1973 April 18 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1973 May 19 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • XRB scintillator tel X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1973 June 16 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Far ultraviolet OGS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1973 June 29 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 July 2 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 July 17 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1973 July 23 - . 12:23 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • XRB scintillator tel X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1973 August 4 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UK / SSC ER1 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, SSC. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1973 September 3 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1973 September 3 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1973 September 6 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Composition / La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1973 September 10 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • TMA Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1973 September 10 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • TMA Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1973 September 15 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ELF / VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 October 14 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1973 October 16 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1973 October 16 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1973 October 17 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel. FAILURE: Failure.
  • High Latitude / Particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / e, p Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / e, p Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 November 26 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Solar corona Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1973 November 30 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1973 December 2 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Barium release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 3 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1973 December 6 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / Barium release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 6 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • High Latitude / ELF-VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 7 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 11 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 12 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1973 December 14 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1973 December 16 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1974 January 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1974 January 11 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 January 14 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 19 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313. FAILURE: Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Skynet 2A - . Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Skynet. Spacecraft: Skynet. Decay Date: 1974-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7096 . COSPAR: 1974-002A. Apogee: 1,803 km (1,120 mi). Perigee: 104 km (64 mi). Inclination: 37.5000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit..

1974 January 19 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1974 January 25 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1974 February 4 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • XRB / extreme ultraviolet survey X-ray / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1974 March 9 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Miranda - . Payload: X-4. Mass: 93 kg (205 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Royal Aerospace Establishment. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Miranda. Spacecraft: Miranda. USAF Sat Cat: 7213 . COSPAR: 1974-013A. Apogee: 866 km (538 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Satellite technology. Miranda was launched at 02:22:11.4 GMT on 1974 Mar 9. Interjection point 13.9N, 126.0E. Anticipated life: longer than 50 years. .

1974 April 1 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1974 April 1 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 05:24 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 April 23 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Ions / Ba / Li / Te Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 April 30 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Quiet ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1974 June 18 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Cen X-3 timing X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1974 July 22 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1974 September 3 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Plasmapause flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 6 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3.
1974 September 6 - . 23:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Plasmapause flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1974 September 11 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Mass spectrometer Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1974 September 24 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 27 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 28 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1974 October 4 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • XRCS X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1974 October 7 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-59 (Astro 9) X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1974 October 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2?. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 10A.
  • Programmer test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1.
  • Ariel 5 - . Payload: UK 5. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1980-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 7471 . COSPAR: 1974-077A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 94.90 min. X-ray observatory. Cosmic X-ray astronomy. Injection point: 2.7S, 58.2E. Anticipated life: 5 years. Time of launch: 07:47:00.25 GMT. Decay also (belatedly) noted in ST/SG/SER.E/216. .

1974 October 31 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3.
1974 November 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK SL1221 (S107) Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1974 November 20 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3.
1974 November 23 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313.
  • Skynet 2B - . Payload: Skynet 2A. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Skynet. Spacecraft: Skynet. Completed Operations Date: 1992-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7547 . COSPAR: 1974-094A. Apogee: 35,822 km (22,258 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 12.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.90 min.

    A Thor-Delta launched from the Eastern Test Range lifted the second of two Skynet II (Skynet IIB) defense communications satellite for the United Kingdom into an elliptical transfer orbit. Two days later, a firing of the satellite's apogee boost motor placed the satellite in a near circular orbit prior to final positioning in a synchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean. The first Skynet II satellite, Skynet IIA, was lost in January 1974 due to a booster failure after launch from Cape Canaveral. Military communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 50-55 deg E in 1975-1977; drifting As of 3 September 2001 located at 18.23 deg E drifting at 0.206 deg W per day. As of 2007 Feb 27 located at 54.93E drifting at 0.393E degrees per day.


1974 November 28 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Echelle spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1974 December 2 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 January 25 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1975 January 25 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1975 February 5 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.12 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.09 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.10 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.11 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 07:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.13 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.15 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.14 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.16 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 February 25 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • X-ray telescope Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1975 February 28 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1975 March 15 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.17 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1975 March 16 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.18 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1975 March 19 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.19 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1975 March 24 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO-18.20 Fields mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1975 May 3 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1975 May 4 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1975 May 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1975 May 7 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1975 May 9 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1975 June 24 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Soft X-ray 1D tel X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1975 July 3 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 8 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1975 September 9 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1975 September 9 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1975 November 24 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • Soft X-ray spectrometer X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1975 November 28 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1975 November 28 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1975 December 17 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 6 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1976 January 9 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 12 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1976 January 14 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1976 January 20 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1976 January 26 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 28 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 30 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • Quiet Coronal Structure Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1976 February 8 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 February 10 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1976 May 6 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1976 May 6 - . 12:21 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Faraday rotation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1976 May 12 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • X-ray Telescope X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1976 May 27 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1976 June 4 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E field / VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1976 June 4 - . 04:39 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1976 June 10 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • XRCS X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1976 June 17 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • Coded mask telescope X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1976 July 5 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1976 July 17 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-77 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1976 November 4 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Large Area PC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • Supra-thermal particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 715 km (444 mi).

1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1976 December 2 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • Ultraviolet telescope / echelle Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • UK High Latitude Campaign Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ozone / La / ne Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 23:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1977 April 28 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1977 June 8 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 June 27 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1977 June 27 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • O2 / ne Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1977 July 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 September 12 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 October 13 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi).

1977 October 16 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar.
  • Wind / T Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1977 October 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1977 November 8 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 718 km (446 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar.
  • Electrons / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 December 5 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar.
  • HLC 2B Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ion composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1978 February 6 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ultraviolet airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1978 February 6 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • La / ne Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1978 February 7 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ion composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1978 February 7 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1978 February 13 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ozone Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 February 13 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ozone Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 May 12 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • Ultraviolet spectrometer Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1978 May 23 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. FAILURE: Failure.
1978 June 28 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 July 27 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
1978 August 13 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
1978 August 13 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 September 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1978 September 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 November 10 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • VLF waves / TMA Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi).

1978 November 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1978 November 20 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 November 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 6 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1978 December 13 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1979 January 25 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 February 14 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1979 February 20 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • DASO? - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 March 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 March 19 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1979 March 28 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1979 April 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1979 April 4 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 25 - . 12:24 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1979 June 2 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Ariel 6 - . Payload: UK 6. Mass: 154 kg (339 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1990-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11382 . COSPAR: 1979-047A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Detection of heavy cosmic particles and X-ray astronomy. Launch time 2326 GMT. Also registered by the United States in ST/SG/SER.E/26, with parameters 97.2 min, 601 x 653 km x 55.0 deg, category A. .

1979 July 6 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 September 1 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma injection Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1979 October 3 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Plasma injection Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1979 November 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 March 21 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 11 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 19 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 July 26 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • VLF propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-C E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-C E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-B E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-B E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 18 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-A2 E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-A2 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1981 October 6 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2310.
  • Oscar 9 - . Payload: UoSAT 1. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. Decay Date: 1989-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 12888 . COSPAR: 1981-100B. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 92.00 min.

    University of Surrey research microsatellite. Radio science; also carried amateur radio package. Communication and geophysics research satellite. Launch time 1127 GMT. Also registered by the United States in ST/SG/SER.E/59, with category D and orbital parameters 95.3 min, 531 x 533 km x 97.5 deg. UoSAT-OSCAR 9 was launched piggyback with Solar Mesosphere Explorer satellite. Weight 52 kg. Box shaped 740 x 420 x 420 mm. Deployable gravity gradient boom. Firsts: First on-board computer (IHU - Integrated Housekeeping Unit) for battery and attitude management, remote control, and experiments. Built by the University of Surrey in the United Kingdom, UO-9 was UoSAT's first experimental satellite. It was a scientific and educational low-Earth orbit satellite containing many experiments and beacons but no amateur transponders. UO-9 was fully operational until it re-entered October 13, 1989 from a decaying orbit after nine years of service.


1981 December 1 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1981 December 16 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • LITHIUM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1982 - . LV Family: HOTOL. Launch Vehicle: HOTOL.
  • HOTOL development begun by a Rolls-Royce / British Aerospace team - . Nation: UK.

    The project was reasonably well advanced (engine detailed design and mockup) by the time the British government withdrew further funding in the mid-1980's. HOTOL would have taken off horizontally, transition to pure rocket propulsion at Mach 5.0 - Mach 6.0. and ascend to orbit. A moderate re-entry profile would decrease the thermal loading constraints. HOTOL would return via a glide landing, to a landing on gear on a conventional runway.


1982 January 30 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 February 1 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 February 3 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 February 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1983 May 15 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 May 16 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 9 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1983 June 9 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 11 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 11 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 March 1 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920.
  • Oscar 11 - . Payload: UoSAT 2. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 14781 . COSPAR: 1984-021B. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

    University of Surrey experimental microsatellite. Built in only 6 months, UoSAT-2 carried the first modern digital store and forward (S&F) communications payload and a prototype CCD camera. Also performed magnetospheric studies. Launch time 1759 GMT. Still operational in 2000.


1984 August 16 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3924.
  • AMPTE 3 - . Payload: AMPTE-UKS UK Subsatellite. Mass: 77 kg (169 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AMPTE. Spacecraft: AMPTE. Decay Date: 1990-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 15201 . COSPAR: 1984-088C. Apogee: 113,417 km (70,473 mi). Perigee: 1,002 km (622 mi). Inclination: 26.9000 deg. Period: 2,659.60 min. Detected tracer ions released into magnetosphere by IRM. Magnetosphere research satellite. Launch time 1447 GMT. (Document quotes geocentric distances, which have been converted to orbital heights.).

1985 May 19 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 May 20 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1985 June 10 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 25 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 1 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 2 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 April 16 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 April 18 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 May 10 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1987 May 10 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 December 11 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Skynet 4B - . Mass: 1,433 kg (3,159 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1988-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 19687 . COSPAR: 1988-109A. Apogee: 35,967 km (22,348 mi). Perigee: 35,933 km (22,327 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 1,444.40 min.

    British military communications; 1 deg W. Military communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 1 deg W in 1989-1990; 53 deg E in 1990-1998 As of 4 September 2001 located at 60.05 deg E drifting at 2.136 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 126.32E drifting at 2.116W degrees per day.


1989 August 27 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4925-8.
  • BSB-1A - . Payload: Marco Polo 1. Mass: 1,233 kg (2,718 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: BSB. Program: BSB. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 20193 . COSPAR: 1989-067A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    British DBS; 31 deg W. Direct broadcasting system. Expected operational life, 10 years. Owner/operator: British Satellite Broadcasting Ltd, The Marcopolo Building, Chelsea Bridge, Queenstown Rd, London SW8 4NQ. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 31 deg W in 1989-1993; 5 deg E in 1994-2000; 13 deg W in 2000. As of 31 August 2001 located at 12.98 deg W drifting at 0.008 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 45.02W drifting at 3.908W degrees per day.


1989 November 25 - .
  • British Commercial Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Mace, Timothy, Sharman. The group was selected for the Juno commercial British cosmonaut mission..

1990 January 1 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Commercial Titan 3.
  • Skynet 4A - . Payload: Skynet 4A [PAM-D2] / JCSat 2 [Orbus-7S]. Mass: 1,463 kg (3,225 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 20401 . COSPAR: 1990-001A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 5.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    British military communications; 6 deg E. Military communications. Expected life approx 7 years. Owner/operator: Ministry of Defence, Main Building, Whitehall, London SW1A 2HB. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 6 deg E in 1990; 29 deg E in 1991; 65 deg E in 1991; 34 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 34.01 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.46W drifting at 4.595W degrees per day.


1990 January 22 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • Oscar 15 - . Payload: UoSAT 4. Mass: 48 kg (105 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 20438 . COSPAR: 1990-005C. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 784 km (487 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

    Technology demonstration mission carrying transponder, solar cell, CCD camera technology experiments. Customer: University of Surrey/European Space Agency. Launched alongside UoSAT-3, the microsatellite operated perfectly for 2 days before a failure occured in the downlink. Owner/operator University of Surrey, Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH. Box shaped 350 x 350 x 650 mm. Four solar panels and 6 m gravity gradient boom.

  • Oscar 14 - . Payload: UoSAT 3. Mass: 46 kg (101 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 20437 . COSPAR: 1990-005B. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

    University of Surrey experimental satellite. The first of Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd's modular microsatellites. Launched on the Ariane ASAP; carried an operational store and forward communications payload with extensive radiation monitoring experiments for SatelLife and Data Trax Inc (USA). Still operational in 2000. Owner/operator University of Surrey, Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH.


1990 August 30 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Skynet 4C - . Mass: 1,463 kg (3,225 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 20776 . COSPAR: 1990-079A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 2.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    UK military communications; 1 deg W. United Kingdom military communications satellite. Owner/operator: UK Ministry of Defence. Expected operational life 10 years. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 1 deg W in 1990-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 0.97 deg W drifting at 0.002 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 1.27W drifting at 0.000W degrees per day.


1991 - . LV Family: HOTOL. Launch Vehicle: Interim HOTOL.
  • Interim HOTOL designed by British Aerospace - . Nation: UK. This was a less ambitious, scaled-back version of the original HOTOL. The single-stage to orbit winged launch vehicle using four Russian rocket engines. It was to have been air-launched from a Ukrainian An-225 aircraft..

1991 July 17 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • Oscar 22 - . Payload: UoSAT 5. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: TUB. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-70. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 21575 . COSPAR: 1991-050B. Apogee: 772 km (479 mi). Perigee: 759 km (471 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Customer: SateLife. Carried store and forward communications and Earth observation payloads, replacing those lost on UoSAT-4. Still operational in 2000..

1994 May 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S28. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 June 17 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • STRV-1B - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: STRV. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 23125 . COSPAR: 1994-034B. Apogee: 31,817 km (19,770 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 557.00 min. 50 cm cube; Space Technology and Research Vehicle; included solar cell tests..
  • STRV-1A - . Mass: 53 kg (116 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: STRV. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 23126 . COSPAR: 1994-034C. Apogee: 31,321 km (19,461 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 7.4000 deg. Period: 547.70 min. 50 cm cube; Space Technology and Research Vehicle; included solar cell tests..

1994 June 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S28. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 July 24 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S29. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 August 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S29. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 February 7 - .
  • Starchaser LEXX launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches LEXX vehicle..

1997 October 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S30. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 October 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S30. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 January 4 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 5 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 8 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 8 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 10 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • Skynet 4D - . Mass: 1,490 kg (3,280 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Manufacturer: Martin. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 25134 . COSPAR: 1998-002A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 3.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Geostationary at 52.8 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 53 deg E in 1998-1999; moving As of 4 September 2001 located at 34.00 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 34.33W drifting at 0.016W degrees per day..

1998 January 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 14 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 16 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 21 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 23 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 30 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 1 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 4 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 6 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 7 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 9 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 13 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 17 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 17 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 23 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 27 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TPS26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 March 20 - .
  • Starchaser 3 launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) unsuccessfully launches Starchaser 3 vehicle..

1998 May 15 - .
  • Ascender radio controlled development model. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Bristol Spaceplanes (Bristol, England, UK) successfully flight tests radio controlled development model..

1999 February 26 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Skynet 4E - . Mass: 1,490 kg (3,280 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Manufacturer: Stevenage. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 25639 . COSPAR: 1999-009B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Skynet 4E was a SHF/UHF military communications satellite for the UK Ministry of Defense. Dry mass was 759 kg; it used a Thiokol Star 30 solid apogee motor. Stationed at 53 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 53 deg E in 1999. As of 5 September 2001 located at 52.91 deg E drifting at 0.000 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 53.02E drifting at 0.005E degrees per day.


1999 March 1 - .
  • First nonstop balloon flight around world completed in 20 days - . Nation: UK.

1999 March 5 - .
  • Starchaser Tempest launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches TEMPEST vehicle..

1999 April 21 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • UoSAT-12 - . Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MiniSat-400. Spacecraft: MiniSat-400. USAF Sat Cat: 25693 . COSPAR: 1999-021A. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 639 km (397 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 97.70 min.

    First launch of Russia's Dnepr launch vehicle, a converted R-36M2 ICBM. The Dnepr was launched from a silo. The third stage maneuvring bus (used on the ICBM for dispensing multiple warheads) placed UoSAT-12 into a 638 km x 652 km x 64.6 deg orbit. The third stage separated from the payload at 05:13 GMT and then made a burn into a 599 km x 1403 km x 64.6 deg orbit. UoSAT-12 was the first test of the Minibus platform, at 325 kg a larger spacecraft than earlier 50 kg Surrey UoSATs. It carried a mobile radio experiment (MERLION), a GPS receiver, and imaging cameras.


1999 August 20 - .
  • Starchaser 3a launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches Starchaser 3a vehicle..

2000 June 28 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SNAP 1 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-10. Spacecraft: SSTL-10. USAF Sat Cat: 26386 . COSPAR: 2000-033C. Apogee: 710 km (441 mi). Perigee: 691 km (429 mi). Inclination: 98.1358 deg. Period: 98.70 min.

    The SNAP-1 Surrey Nanosatellite Applications Platform was a 6 kg satellite with imager and propulsion. It was to test rendezvous techniques by formation flying with the Tsinghua satellite placed in orbit on the same launch. In October 2000 Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) released a picture of Tsinghua-1 taken in orbit by the SNAP-1 6.5 kg nanosatellite.


2000 September 21 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S31. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • 90ss - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 October 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • EuropeStar F1 - . Payload: Europe*Star FM1. Mass: 4,167 kg (9,186 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: EuropeSt. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 26590 . COSPAR: 2000-068A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    100th Ariane 4 launch. Communications satellite, stationed at 45 deg E. Europeon.Star FM1 was a Loral FS-1300 model with a launch mass of 4167 kg and a dry mass of 1717 kg. The satellite had two cruciform solar arrays. The Ariane booster placed it into a geostationary transfer orbit. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 45 deg E in 2000. As of 4 September 2001 located at 44.95 deg E drifting at 0.011 deg E per day. As of 2007 Feb 23 located at 44.97E drifting at 0.001W degrees per day.


2000 November 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • STRV-1d - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Farnborough. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: STRV. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 26611 . COSPAR: 2000-072D. Apogee: 39,282 km (24,408 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 7.1000 deg. Period: 708.30 min.

    STRV-1c and 1d were small satellites built by the DERA (former Royal Aircraft Establishment), Farnborough, England. Mass was around 95 kg each. STRV-1d carries an NRL Space Test Program experiment (S97-2), a camera, and technology and computer experiments.

  • STRV-1c - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Farnborough. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: STRV. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 26610 . COSPAR: 2000-072C. Apogee: 39,218 km (24,368 mi). Perigee: 636 km (395 mi). Inclination: 6.3400 deg. Period: 707.65 min.

    The two small STRV cubes were then ejected from the Ariane EPS stage ASAP-5 secondary payload structure at 0141 GMT. STRV-1c and 1d were small satellites built by the DERA (former Royal Aircraft Establishment), Farnborough, England. Mass was around 95 kg each. STRV-1c performed accelerated life testing of new components and materials in the high radiation environment of geosynchronous transfer orbit.


2001 February 7 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Skynet 4F - . Mass: 2,596 kg (5,723 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 26695 . COSPAR: 2001-005B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Skynet 4F was a communications satellite for the UK Ministry of Defense, and the last of the venerable ECS (European Communications Satellite) class of satellites built by Astrium/Stevenage. It carried a Thiokol Star 30 apogee motor and its mass was 1489 kg full, 830 kg dry - a dry mass more than twice the first OTS. The spacecraft carried a total of eight transponders in the SHF-, UHF-, and S-bands to provide secure communications after parking over either 1 deg-E or 6 deg-W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 6 deg E in 2001 As of 5 September 2001 located at 8.77 deg E drifting at 0.284 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 6.01E drifting at 0.004E degrees per day.


2001 May 2 - .
  • Starchaser 5 subscale tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches SHARP 1 vehicle..

2001 July 6 - .
  • Starchaser 5 test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches Discovery vehicle..

2001 November 22 - .
  • Starchaser 5 subscale vehicle test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches 1-man NOVA vehicle unmanned..

2002 April 14 - .
  • Starchaser 5 fairing tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches SHARP 4 and SHARP 5 investigating fairing thermal loads..

2002 October 8 - .
  • Starchaser 5 engine tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) tests X PRIZE vehicle hybrid and liquid propulsion systems.

2002 December 16 - .
  • Starchaser 5 pilot training. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) undergoes parafoil pilot training in Florida..

2003 April 3 - .
  • Starchaser 5 capsule unveiled. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) publicly unveiled the Nova mark II capsule in the UK..

2003 April 9 - .
  • Starchaser 5 engine test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5.

    Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully tested a bi-propellant liquid rocket engine. "The liquid oxygen/kerosene powered system generated some 2,200 kilos of thrust for 15 seconds." The tests will continue for increasingly longer periods and will eventually reach "a full 3 tonnes of thrust".


2003 April 10 - .
  • Starchaser 5 capsule shipped to America. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) publicly unveils the Nova mark II capsule in Florida. The parachutes will be fitted in Florida before shipping the capsule over to Arizona for drop tests..

2003 June 10 - .
  • Starchaser 5 engine test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully tested their bi-propellant liquid rocket engine at 2,800 kilos [6.2 Klbf] of thrust for 15 seconds. .

2003 July 22 - .
  • Starchaser 5 capsule drop tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5.

    Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) conducted two manned capsule drop tests from a C-123K transport aircraft at an altitude of 14,000 feet over the Red Lake Drop Zone in Kingman, Arizona, in order to practice landing the reusable craft. The main purpose of the tests was to ensure that the parachute, navigation, and landing systems function properly.


2003 September 27 - . 06:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • BNSCSat 1 (DMC-UK) - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: BNSC. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Earth. Type: Disaster monitoring satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MicroSat-100. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 27941 . COSPAR: 2003-042C. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.

2003 December 19 - .
2003 December 25 - .
2005 October 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S28. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (111ss) - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from HMS Vanguard..

2005 October 27 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Topsat - . Payload: Heavily modified Surrey MicroSat-100. Mass: 108 kg (238 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Qinetiq. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-150. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 28891 . COSPAR: 2005-043B. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Delayed from May 18, mid-July, August 25, September 27 and 30, 2005. UK military surveillance research satellite..

2007 March 11 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5A - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 30794 . COSPAR: 2007-007B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Skynet 5A was launched by Paradigm Secure Communications as part of its turnkey contract to provide a secure communications satellite network to the British military and NATO..

2007 November 14 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5B - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32294 . COSPAR: 2007-056B. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Skynet 5B was designed to provide communications services in the SHF and UHF bands to the UK Ministry of Defence..

2008 March 19 - .
  • Death of Arthur C Clarke - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Clarke. British writer. Leading science fiction writer, also wrote key books popularizing space travel in 1950's and 1960's. Created concept of geosynchronous communications satellite in 1946. Wrote 2001: A Space Odyssey..

2008 June 12 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5C - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,638 kg (10,225 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33055 . COSPAR: 2008-030A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2009 July 29 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • DMC 2 - . Mass: 95 kg (209 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Makeyev Design Bureau. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MicroSat-100. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 35683 . COSPAR: 2009-041C. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 625 km (388 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.80 min. DMC International Imaging, Guildford, Surrey, UK..

2010 May 25 - .
  • Death of Peter Hervey Longhurst at Somerset - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Longhurst. British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of science in electrical engineering from the Royal Navy Engineering College, Plymouth, 1966. Commander, Royal Navy. Later became a farmer in Somerset, England..

2010 November 26 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hylas 1 - . Mass: 2,570 kg (5,660 lb). Nation: UK. Manufacturer: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: I-2K. Spacecraft: I-2K. USAF Sat Cat: 37237 . COSPAR: 2010-065A. Apogee: 36,052 km (22,401 mi). Perigee: 35,522 km (22,072 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Ka band communications; 2570 kg loaded / 1125 kg unfuelled..

2012 August 2 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hylas 2 - . Mass: 3,311 kg (7,299 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38741 . COSPAR: 2012-043B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Carried 24 active Ka-band user beams and four gateway beams supporting corporate networking, broadband Internet access, and video distribution to Northern and Southern Africa, Eastern Europe and the Middle East..

2012 December 19 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5D - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,638 kg (10,225 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 39034 . COSPAR: 2012-075A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. British military communications..

2013 February 25 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • STRaND-1 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39090 . COSPAR: 2013-009E. Apogee: 783 km (486 mi). Perigee: 771 km (479 mi). Inclination: 98.6300 deg. Period: 100.40 min. 3U cubesat, a technical test project of Surrey Satellite and the Surrey Space Centre. Carried a Google Nexus One smartphone as its main avionics, and featured plasma thrusters and a water-alcohol thruster. Successful; first in STRaND Program..

2013 June 25 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • O3b SC4/FM5 - . Payload: O3B FM5. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39188 . COSPAR: 2013-031A. Apogee: 7,838 km (4,870 mi). Perigee: 7,808 km (4,851 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 280.71 min. O3b (the other 3 billion) satellite providing Ka-band communications with steerable antennas for broadband internet capacity in the developing world..
  • O3b SC3/FM4 - . Payload: O3B FM4. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39189 . COSPAR: 2013-031B. Apogee: 7,838 km (4,870 mi). Perigee: 7,820 km (4,850 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 280.88 min.
  • O3b SC2/FM2 - . Payload: O3B FM2. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39190 . COSPAR: 2013-031C. Apogee: 7,838 km (4,870 mi). Perigee: 7,828 km (4,864 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 281.00 min.
  • O3b SC1/PFM - . Payload: O3B PFM. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39191 . COSPAR: 2013-031D. Apogee: 8,007 km (4,975 mi). Perigee: 7,843 km (4,873 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 283.73 min.

2013 November 21 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Triton 1 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39427 . COSPAR: 2013-066M. Apogee: 758 km (470 mi). Perigee: 593 km (368 mi). Inclination: 97.7600 deg. Period: 98.27 min. 3U cubesat test of an AIS receiver from ISIS b.v., Netherlands..
  • FUNcube-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39444 . COSPAR: 2013-066AE. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 592 km (367 mi). Inclination: 97.7700 deg. Period: 97.41 min. Cubesat for AMSAT-UK..

2014 July 8 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Ukube 1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40074 . COSPAR: 2014-037F. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 97.27 min. 3U cubesat sponsored by the UK Space Agency; first of a series to be launched annually to promote space technology in the UK..
  • TDS 1 - . Mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-150. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 40076 . COSPAR: 2014-037H. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.3900 deg. Period: 97.27 min. TechDemoSat-1 by Surrey Satellite Technology carrying technology payloads from various UK universities..

2014 July 10 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • O3b FM3 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40079 . COSPAR: 2014-038A. Apogee: 8,069 km (5,013 mi). Perigee: 8,062 km (5,009 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM7 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40080 . COSPAR: 2014-038B. Apogee: 8,071 km (5,015 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM6 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40081 . COSPAR: 2014-038C. Apogee: 8,069 km (5,013 mi). Perigee: 8,063 km (5,010 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM8 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40082 . COSPAR: 2014-038D. Apogee: 8,071 km (5,015 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.

2014 December 18 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST.
  • O3b FM9 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40351 . COSPAR: 2014-083D. Apogee: 8,071 km (5,015 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 287.93 min. Second quartet of O3b satellites for broadband internet distribution. Each satellite carried an array of 12 Ka-band spot beam dishes and provided capacity for internet providers in the developing world..
  • O3b FM10 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40349 . COSPAR: 2014-083B. Apogee: 8,070 km (5,010 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 287.93 min. O3b satellites launched as part of a constellation for broadband internet distribution..
  • O3b FM11 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40349 . COSPAR: 2014-083B. Apogee: 8,070 km (5,010 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM12 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ELiTeBus. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40350 . COSPAR: 2014-083C. Apogee: 8,070 km (5,010 mi). Perigee: 8,062 km (5,009 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 287.93 min.

2015 July 10 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Pad: Sriharikota FLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • DMC3-1 - . Payload: SSTL-300-S1. Mass: 440 kg (970 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-300. Spacecraft: SSTL-300. USAF Sat Cat: 40715 . COSPAR: 2015-032A. Apogee: 660 km (410 mi). Perigee: 638 km (396 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.71 min.

    Third generation Disaster Monitoring Constellation. The three satellites were deployed on a single launch. DMC Imaging International was a Surrey Satellite spinoff which operated the DMC imaging satellites in collaboration with several developing countries. The satellites have the capability to return prompt imaging of areas in those countries affected by natural disasters. The SSTL-300S1 platform provided 45 degree fast slew off-pointing and was capable of acquiring multiple targets in one pass using multiple viewing modes. The high resolution imager on board the satellites was designed and manufactured by SSTL and provided 1 meter resolution in panchromatic mode, and 4 meter resolution in multispectral mode, with a swath width of 23.4km. The three satellites were phased 120 degrees apart around the same sun synchronous orbit with a 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit. This was acommplished using their on board propulsion systems in the three months after the launch. With off-pointing capability, the DMC3/TripleSat Satellite Constellation was able to target anywhere on Earth once per day.

  • DMC3-2 - . Payload: SSTL-300-S1. Mass: 440 kg (970 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-300. Spacecraft: SSTL-300. USAF Sat Cat: 40716 . COSPAR: 2015-032B. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 640 km (390 mi). Inclination: 98.0300 deg. Period: 97.71 min. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..
  • DMC3-3 - . Payload: SSTL-300-S1. Mass: 440 kg (970 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSTL-300. Spacecraft: SSTL-300. USAF Sat Cat: 40717 . COSPAR: 2015-032C. Apogee: 662 km (411 mi). Perigee: 637 km (395 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.71 min. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..
  • CBNT-1 - . Mass: 91 kg (200 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CBNT. Spacecraft: CBNT. USAF Sat Cat: 40718 . COSPAR: 2015-032D. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 636 km (395 mi). Inclination: 98.0300 deg. Period: 97.67 min. Surrey Satellite Technology experimental imaging satellite. SSTL did not disclose the meaning of the CBNT abbreviation. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..
  • DeOrbitSail - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: CubeSat. USAF Sat Cat: 40719 . COSPAR: 2015-032E. Apogee: 657 km (408 mi). Perigee: 634 km (393 mi). Inclination: 98.0400 deg. Period: 97.63 min. 3U cubesat. 22:10 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..


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