Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
R-14
R-14/Kosmos 3M
R-14/Kosmos 3M
Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-14, with a range of 3600 km, was the only missile of that range class to be fielded. A key element in the Cuba missile crisis, it thereafter was part of the nuclear deterrent targeted at NATO and China. Built in relatively limited numbers by Soviet standards, it was perhaps more important as the basis for the first stage of the R-16 ICBM and the Kosmos-3 launch vehicle. The latter continued in use into the 21st Century.

AKA: 8K65;Skean;SS-5 Mod 1. Status: Retired 1965. First Launch: 1960-06-06. Last Launch: 1965-03-22. Number: 80 . Payload: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Thrust: 1,480.00 kN (332,710 lbf). Gross mass: 86,300 kg (190,200 lb). Height: 24.39 m (80.01 ft). Diameter: 2.44 m (8.00 ft). Span: 2.74 m (8.98 ft). Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

A government decree of 2 July 1958 directed development of a new IRBM with 4000 km range, with trials to begin in April 1960. This would become possible due to 15 years of research by Glushko on use of UDMH as a fuel. This research indicated that UDMH would provide 6 to 8 seconds better specific impulse than kerosene-based fuels. Production processes were developed at the Leningrad State Institute of Applied Chemistry (GIPKh) with production of factory quantities set for the early 1960's.

The draft project was completed in December 1958. First tests of the new rocket engine began at Zagorsk on 28 March 1960. Flight trials of the complete missile and its 8S224 launch complex from Kapustin Yar began on 6 June 1960 and were completed on 15 February 1961. These included tests with a variety of warheads with the impact zone being near Bratsk. Barmin at Spetsmash designed the truck launcher. Production of the missile was done at both Factory 586 in Dnepropetrovsk and Factory 1001 in Krasnoyarsk. The RD-216 engine was built only at Factory 586. In 1962 design responsibility for future versions and the complete drawing package was handed over to Reshetnev at Krasnoyarsk KB-10 (later NPO Applied Mechanics). He further subcontracted it to PO Polyot in Omsk, where the Chief Constructor was A S Klinyshkov. Production of later versions was therefore accomplished at Aviation Factory 166 in Omsk.

The system was accepted by the military on 24 April 1961 and the first division with 4 launchers entered service on 31 December of the same year. The first regiment was organised a day later, and by the end of 1962 two regiments were fully operational in the Ukraine and Latvia. An R-14 regiment consisted of two divisions, with eight launchers total. The long-range missiles were targeted on Thor and Jupiter missile launchers and Polaris bases in Turkey, Italy, Spain, and Britain. The missile had a guaranteed storage life of 30 days in fuelled condition, and a reaction time of two hours from a launch go-ahead.

From 5 to 8 September 1962 seven R-14's were launched with live nuclear warheads from Yasnaya near Chita to Novaya Zemlya in Operation Tyulin. In parallel with this the new rocket was being secretly deployed to Cuba. Two regiments with 16 R-14 launchers joined 3 regiments of R-12's on the island. The missiles were returned to the Soviet Union in the agreement reached to end the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962.

A missile forces veteran remembers that the R-12 and R-14 were deployed primarily on surface launch pads. By the 1970's one mobile regiment consisted of 3 control units and 4 to 5 launchers. While he was in service he visited at least 15 launch sites: Sovietsk, Gvardeisk, and Znamensk in the Kaliningrad enclave; Taurage and Ukmerge in Lithuania, Elgava and Dobele in Latvia, and Postavy and Lida in Belorussia. His own regiment in Priekule, Latvia had 6 silo-based R-14's and 3 R-14 on surface pads. While both the R-12 and R-14 used AK-27I oxidizer, the R-12 fuel was called Samin, and the one used in R-14 Heptyl. Both missiles used the same SP6 surface launch pad complex. According to the veteran, his regiment was the last which was armed with the missile, which was withdrawn from service in the middle of 1984. Official histories indicate that the last R-14 IRBM was withdrawn from service in 1987.

A variant of the missile with experimental STK 'grid' stabilizers designed by NII-888 was test launched in 1962-1963. The modification allowed launches at up to 45 degrees from the vertical, but was not adopted for any production version. Other derivatives of the missile included the Vertikal-4 sounding rocket and a number of space launch vehicle variants (8K65S, 8K65SM, Kosmos-3 11K65, Kosmos-3M 11K65M). The R-14 also had many similarities to the first stage of the R-16 ICBM, which was developed concurrently. Reshetnev also developed the K65M-P version for reentry vehicle tests, and the K65M-R version for launches from the experimental launch complex 11P865M, developed by KBTM Moscow for LC-107 at Kapustin Yar.

Maximum range: 3,700 km (2,200 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 1,000 KT. CEP: 1.13 km (0.70 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket, IRFNA/UDMH. Initial Operational Capability: 1960.



Subtopics

R-14U Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Universal version, for pad-launch or from silo complex 'Chusovaya'.

Kosmos 11K65 Russian orbital launch vehicle. Initial serial production version was the Kosmos-3, built at the Krasnoyarsk Machine Factory. Flew only four times, with two failures, before being succeeded by the modernized production version under the responsibility of NPO Polyot.

Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage

Vertikal' K65UP Russian orbital launch vehicle. Soviet single stage sounding rocket, based on the R-14 IRBM.

Kosmos 65MP Russian orbital launch vehicle. Adaptation of 11K65M launcher for suborbital and single orbit test of subscale prototypes of Spiral and Buran manned spaceplanes (BOR-4 and BOR-5).

Family: IRBM. Country: Ukraine. Engines: RD-216. Spacecraft: BCP-2000, Sterkh, Oscar, Strela-1, Strela-2, Tsiklon satellite, Tselina-O, Sfera, DS-U3-IK, Ionosfernaya, Strela-1M, Strela-2M, DS-U2-IK, DS-U2-IP, DS-P1-M, DS-U2-K, DS-U2-MT, DS-U2-GKA, Taifun-1, Parus, Aryabhata, Taifun-2, AUOS, Tsikada, GVM DS-U2-IK, Signe, Magion, Radio, Bhaskara, Taifun-1Yu, SSTL-70, BOR-4, Nadezhda, BOR-5, Strela-3, Informator, Orbcomm, Gonets-D1, Astrid, FAISAT, MicroSat-100, Astrid-2, ABRIXAS, Megsat, SSTL-10, CHAMP, MITA, Rubin, Cubesat, Larets, STSat, Universitetskiy, SSETI Express, SAR-Lupe, SSTL-150. Launch Sites: Kapustin Yar, Kapustin Yar LC84, Kapustin Yar V-2. Stages: Kosmos-1. Agency: Yuzhnoye.
Photo Gallery

R-14R-14
Credit: Ukrainian Space Agency


R-14R-14
Credit: Ukrainian Space Agency



1960 June 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials test launch 1 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 Jun - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • LKI No. 2 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 December 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 December 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • LKI No 44? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 April 24 - . Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • R-14 missile accepted into military service. - . Nation: Russia. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the R-14 missile into armaments' was issued..

1961 June 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 October 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 October 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1961 October 31 - . LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Kosmos 65S3 intermediate launch vehicle development authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Meteor, Strela-1, Strela-2. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Creation of the Space Carrier 65S3--start of work on a launch vehicle based on the R-14 for launch of the Meteor, Strela, and Pchela satellites.' was issued..

1961 October 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 November 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 November 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1961 December 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 January 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: R-14U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 January 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 January 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 January 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 February 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar silo. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: R-14U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 April 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 June 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 June 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 August 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 December 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 February 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 March 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1963 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 April 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 June 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 June 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 August 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 November 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1963 December 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 December 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 January 9 - . LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 3.
  • R-12U and R-14U accepted into military service. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On adoption of the R-12U and R-14U shaft versions into armaments' was issued..

1964 February 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 March 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 March 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 38 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1964-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 853 . COSPAR: 1964-046A. Apogee: 766 km (475 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 94.30 min.
  • Cosmos 39 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1964-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 854 . COSPAR: 1964-046B. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 94.60 min.
  • Cosmos 40 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1964-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 855 . COSPAR: 1964-046C. Apogee: 737 km (457 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 94.10 min.

1964 September 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 October 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1964 December 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 January 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 January 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 February 21 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 54 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1089 . COSPAR: 1965-011A. Apogee: 1,839 km (1,142 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 106.30 min.
  • Cosmos 56 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1967-11-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1091 . COSPAR: 1965-011C. Apogee: 1,687 km (1,048 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min.
  • Cosmos 55 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1090 . COSPAR: 1965-011B. Apogee: 1,752 km (1,088 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 105.30 min.

1965 March 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 61 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-01-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1267 . COSPAR: 1965-020A. Apogee: 1,737 km (1,079 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.
  • Cosmos 62 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-09-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1268 . COSPAR: 1965-020B. Apogee: 1,712 km (1,063 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.
  • Cosmos 63 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1967-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 1269 . COSPAR: 1965-020C. Apogee: 1,673 km (1,039 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 104.40 min.

1965 March 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 July 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 71 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1970-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1441 . COSPAR: 1965-053A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min.
  • Cosmos 75 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 1445 . COSPAR: 1965-053E. Apogee: 644 km (400 mi). Perigee: 540 km (330 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 96.50 min.
  • Cosmos 73 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1974-03-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 1443 . COSPAR: 1965-053C. Apogee: 556 km (345 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 95.50 min.
  • Cosmos 72 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1442 . COSPAR: 1965-053B. Apogee: 588 km (365 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.
  • Cosmos 74 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 1444 . COSPAR: 1965-053D. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 539 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 96.20 min.

1965 September 3 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 80 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1570 . COSPAR: 1965-070A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 1,370 km (850 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 81 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1571 . COSPAR: 1965-070B. Apogee: 1,542 km (958 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 82 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1572 . COSPAR: 1965-070C. Apogee: 1,549 km (962 mi). Perigee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 84 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1574 . COSPAR: 1965-070E. Apogee: 1,569 km (974 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.
  • Cosmos 83 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1573 . COSPAR: 1965-070D. Apogee: 1,558 km (968 mi). Perigee: 1,447 km (899 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.

1965 September 18 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 86 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1584 . COSPAR: 1965-073A. Apogee: 1,623 km (1,008 mi). Perigee: 1,291 km (802 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 89 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1587 . COSPAR: 1965-073D. Apogee: 1,652 km (1,026 mi). Perigee: 1,371 km (851 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 87 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1585 . COSPAR: 1965-073B. Apogee: 1,633 km (1,014 mi). Perigee: 1,317 km (818 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 90 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1588 . COSPAR: 1965-073E. Apogee: 1,666 km (1,035 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.70 min.
  • Cosmos 88 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1586 . COSPAR: 1965-073C. Apogee: 1,645 km (1,022 mi). Perigee: 1,341 km (833 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.

1965 December 28 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 103 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2. Decay Date: 1990-01-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1868 . COSPAR: 1965-112A. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 88.00 min. Possible test flight..

1966 November 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1967 March 24 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • Cosmos 151 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2. Decay Date: 1991-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2720 . COSPAR: 1967-027A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Possible test flight..

1967 May 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 158 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 2801 . COSPAR: 1967-045A. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 731 km (454 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1967 June 26 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1967 September 27 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle exploded on pad.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Tsiklon GVM - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. Mass model of military navigation satellite used for booster test..

1967 October 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • VKZ - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 4,400 km (2,700 mi).

1967 October 30 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 189 - . Payload: Tselina-O Mass Model. Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1978-06-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 3021 . COSPAR: 1967-108A. Apogee: 599 km (372 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 73.8000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Possible ELINT satellite test..

1967 November 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 192 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 3047 . COSPAR: 1967-116A. Apogee: 725 km (450 mi). Perigee: 716 km (444 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Military navigation satellite..

1968 January 19 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 200 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1973-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 3100 . COSPAR: 1968-006A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1968 February 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 203 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 3129 . COSPAR: 1968-011A. Apogee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Perigee: 1,183 km (735 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • VKZ - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 4,000 km (2,400 mi).

1968 May 7 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 220 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 3229 . COSPAR: 1968-040A. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 637 km (395 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Military navigation satellite..

1968 June 4 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Sfera s/n 12L - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera.

1968 June 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1968 August 27 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • Cosmos 236 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2. Decay Date: 1990-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3347 . COSPAR: 1968-070A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1968 October 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 250 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1978-02-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 3526 . COSPAR: 1968-095A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1968 November 30 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 256 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 3576 . COSPAR: 1968-106A. Apogee: 1,223 km (759 mi). Perigee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1969 March 5 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 269 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1978-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 3775 . COSPAR: 1969-021A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 525 km (326 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1969 March 17 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 272 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 3818 . COSPAR: 1969-024A. Apogee: 1,208 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,178 km (731 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1969 July 18 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC131. Launch Pad: LC131/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: R-14U.
1969 August 13 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 292 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4070 . COSPAR: 1969-070A. Apogee: 733 km (455 mi). Perigee: 719 km (446 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1969 October 21 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 304 - . Mass: 795 kg (1,752 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4138 . COSPAR: 1969-091A. Apogee: 748 km (464 mi). Perigee: 731 km (454 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1969 November 24 - . 16:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 312 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 4254 . COSPAR: 1969-103A. Apogee: 1,175 km (730 mi). Perigee: 1,141 km (708 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 108.50 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1969 December 20 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 315 - . Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1979-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 4273 . COSPAR: 1969-107A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1969 December 27 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ionosfernaya? - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Ionosfernaya.

1970 April 7 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 330 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1979-06-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 4360 . COSPAR: 1970-024A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 250..

1970 April 11 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 332 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4369 . COSPAR: 1970-028A. Apogee: 736 km (457 mi). Perigee: 727 km (451 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. Military navigation satellite..

1970 April 25 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 336 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 1. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4383 . COSPAR: 1970-036A. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 337 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 2. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4384 . COSPAR: 1970-036B. Apogee: 1,552 km (964 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 343 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 8. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4390 . COSPAR: 1970-036H. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,375 km (854 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 338 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 3. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4385 . COSPAR: 1970-036C. Apogee: 1,518 km (943 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 340 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 5. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4387 . COSPAR: 1970-036E. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 339 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 4. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4386 . COSPAR: 1970-036D. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 342 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 7. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4389 . COSPAR: 1970-036G. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,310 km (810 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.60 min.
  • Cosmos 341 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 6. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 4388 . COSPAR: 1970-036F. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,342 km (833 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.

1970 June 27 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1970 August 20 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 358 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. Decay Date: 1990-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 4497 . COSPAR: 1970-064A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 334 km (207 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Identification uncertain. Possibly a Tsiklon military navigation satellite placed in incorrect orbit..

1970 October 12 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 371 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4578 . COSPAR: 1970-083A. Apogee: 728 km (452 mi). Perigee: 722 km (448 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1970 October 16 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 372 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 4588 . COSPAR: 1970-086A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 767 km (476 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1970 November 17 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 378 - . Payload: DS-U2-IP s/n 1. Mass: 710 kg (1,560 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IP. Completed Operations Date: 1971-09-13 . Decay Date: 1972-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 4713 . COSPAR: 1970-097A. Apogee: 1,742 km (1,082 mi). Perigee: 234 km (145 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Studied the ionosphere and charged particle flows..

1970 December 2 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 381 - . Mass: 710 kg (1,560 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Ionosfernaya. USAF Sat Cat: 4783 . COSPAR: 1970-102A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

1970 December 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 385 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4799 . COSPAR: 1970-108A. Apogee: 980 km (600 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1970 December 16 - . 04:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 387 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 4806 . COSPAR: 1970-111A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 525 km (326 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 269..

1970 December 22 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: First stage failed 1 second after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-M s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 1. Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Target for IS ASAT systems tests. First test of Yangel-desinged target failed to reach orbit..

1971 February 9 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 394 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 2. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1972-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 4922 . COSPAR: 1971-010A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Target for IS ASAT systems tests. First test using Yangel-designed lighter, cheaper target launched by Kosmos 11K65M booster from Plesetsk..

1971 February 17 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 395 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-04-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 4955 . COSPAR: 1971-013A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 529 km (328 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 March 18 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 400 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 3. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1972-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 5050 . COSPAR: 1971-020A. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 990 km (610 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 404 interceptor..

1971 April 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 407 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 5174 . COSPAR: 1971-035A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1971 April 28 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 409 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 5180 . COSPAR: 1971-038A. Apogee: 1,211 km (752 mi). Perigee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1971 May 7 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 411 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 9. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5210 . COSPAR: 1971-041A. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,316 km (817 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 412 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 10. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5211 . COSPAR: 1971-041B. Apogee: 1,535 km (953 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 413 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 11. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5212 . COSPAR: 1971-041C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 414 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 12. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5213 . COSPAR: 1971-041D. Apogee: 1,494 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 415 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 13. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5214 . COSPAR: 1971-041E. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi). Perigee: 1,451 km (901 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 416 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 14. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5215 . COSPAR: 1971-041F. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,371 km (851 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 417 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 15. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5216 . COSPAR: 1971-041G. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,343 km (834 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 418 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 16. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5217 . COSPAR: 1971-041H. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1971 May 22 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 422 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5238 . COSPAR: 1971-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 982 km (610 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1971 May 29 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 425 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1979-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 5253 . COSPAR: 1971-050A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 June 4 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 426 - . Payload: DS-U2-K s/n 1. Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-K. Completed Operations Date: 1972-01-12 . Decay Date: 2002-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 5281 . COSPAR: 1971-052A. Apogee: 1,108 km (688 mi). Perigee: 354 km (219 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. Studied charged particle flows and cosmic radiation..

1971 July 22 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1971 September 7 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 436 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 5461 . COSPAR: 1971-074A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 September 10 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 437 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5466 . COSPAR: 1971-075A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 436. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 October 13 - . 13:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 444 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 17. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5547 . COSPAR: 1971-086A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,321 km (820 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 446 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 19. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5549 . COSPAR: 1971-086C. Apogee: 1,512 km (939 mi). Perigee: 1,381 km (858 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 449 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 22. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5552 . COSPAR: 1971-086F. Apogee: 1,542 km (958 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min.
  • Cosmos 445 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 18. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5548 . COSPAR: 1971-086B. Apogee: 1,512 km (939 mi). Perigee: 1,350 km (830 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 450 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 23. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5553 . COSPAR: 1971-086G. Apogee: 1,529 km (950 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 451 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 24. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5554 . COSPAR: 1971-086H. Apogee: 1,573 km (977 mi). Perigee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.70 min.
  • Cosmos 447 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 20. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5550 . COSPAR: 1971-086D. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 448 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 21. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 5551 . COSPAR: 1971-086E. Apogee: 1,517 km (942 mi). Perigee: 1,440 km (890 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.

1971 November 20 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 457 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 5614 . COSPAR: 1971-099A. Apogee: 1,218 km (756 mi). Perigee: 1,183 km (735 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1971 November 29 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 459 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 5. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1971-12-27 . Decay Date: 1971-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 5625 . COSPAR: 1971-102A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 462 interceptor..

1971 November 30 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 460 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 5628 . COSPAR: 1971-103A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 December 2 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 461 - . Payload: DS-U2-MT s/n 1. Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Astronomy. Type: Gamma ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MT. Completed Operations Date: 1972-12-14 . Decay Date: 1979-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 5643 . COSPAR: 1971-105A. Apogee: 510 km (310 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 69.0000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Measured micrometeoroid impacts and gamma rays..

1971 December 15 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 465 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5683 . COSPAR: 1971-111A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1971 December 17 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 468 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 5705 . COSPAR: 1971-114A. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1971 December 27 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Oreol - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 1. Mass: 630 kg (1,380 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 5729 . COSPAR: 1971-119A. Apogee: 1,779 km (1,105 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 106.90 min. Upper atmosphere, auroral studies. Investigation of physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of auroras. .

1972 February 25 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 475 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5846 . COSPAR: 1972-009A. Apogee: 996 km (618 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 March 22 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 479 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 5894 . COSPAR: 1972-017A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1972 March 25 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 480 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 5905 . COSPAR: 1972-019A. Apogee: 1,199 km (745 mi). Perigee: 1,173 km (728 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1972 May 6 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 489 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6019 . COSPAR: 1972-035A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 June 23 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 494 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 6059 . COSPAR: 1972-043A. Apogee: 786 km (488 mi). Perigee: 772 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1972 July 10 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 500 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6097 . COSPAR: 1972-053A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 425..

1972 July 20 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 504 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 25. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6117 . COSPAR: 1972-057A. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,321 km (820 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 506 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 27. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6119 . COSPAR: 1972-057C. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,382 km (858 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 507 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 28. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6120 . COSPAR: 1972-057D. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 508 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 29. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6121 . COSPAR: 1972-057E. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 510 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 31. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6123 . COSPAR: 1972-057G. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 505 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 26. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6118 . COSPAR: 1972-057B. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,352 km (840 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 511 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 32. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6124 . COSPAR: 1972-057H. Apogee: 1,545 km (960 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.
  • Cosmos 509 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 30. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6122 . COSPAR: 1972-057F. Apogee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

1972 August 16 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 514 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6148 . COSPAR: 1972-062A. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 September 29 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 521 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 4. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1973-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6206 . COSPAR: 1972-074A. Apogee: 992 km (616 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. ASAT target launched to test modifications to ASAT interceptor. Interceptor launch cancelled due to technical failure in target telemetry system. Signature of SALT treaty in May 1972 resulted in military being ordered to discontinue further ASAT tests..

1972 October 17 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1972 November 1 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 528 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 33. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6262 . COSPAR: 1972-087A. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,367 km (849 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 534 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 39. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6269 . COSPAR: 1972-087G. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,349 km (838 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 535 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 40. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6270 . COSPAR: 1972-087H. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,384 km (859 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 533 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 38. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6268 . COSPAR: 1972-087F. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,317 km (818 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.60 min.
  • Cosmos 530 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 35. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6265 . COSPAR: 1972-087C. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,333 km (828 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 532 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 37. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6267 . COSPAR: 1972-087E. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.40 min.
  • Cosmos 531 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 36. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6266 . COSPAR: 1972-087D. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 529 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 34. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6264 . COSPAR: 1972-087B. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.

1972 November 3 - . 01:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 536 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-07-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6272 . COSPAR: 1972-088A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1972 December 21 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 539 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 6319 . COSPAR: 1972-102A. Apogee: 1,379 km (856 mi). Perigee: 1,342 km (833 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 112.90 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1972 December 25 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 540 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 6323 . COSPAR: 1972-104A. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 763 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1973 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1973 January 20 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 544 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6343 . COSPAR: 1973-003A. Apogee: 535 km (332 mi). Perigee: 528 km (328 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 460. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 January 26 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 546 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6350 . COSPAR: 1973-005A. Apogee: 564 km (350 mi). Perigee: 537 km (333 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1973 February 28 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 549 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6373 . COSPAR: 1973-010A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 May 25 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1973 June 8 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 564 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 41. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6675 . COSPAR: 1973-037A. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,395 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 571 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 48. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6682 . COSPAR: 1973-037H. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 565 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 42. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6676 . COSPAR: 1973-037B. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,449 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 568 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 45. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6679 . COSPAR: 1973-037E. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,375 km (854 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 567 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 44. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6678 . COSPAR: 1973-037D. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 566 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 43. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6677 . COSPAR: 1973-037C. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,433 km (890 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 569 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 46. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6680 . COSPAR: 1973-037F. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,358 km (843 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 570 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 47. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6681 . COSPAR: 1973-037G. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,337 km (830 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

1973 June 20 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 574 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6707 . COSPAR: 1973-042A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 976 km (606 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1973 June 26 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Nine persons were killed in the explosion of the vehicle.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Nine killed in fuelling accident at Plesetsk - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. COSPAR: F730626BA. Nine were killed at the LC-133 Voskhod complex during preparation of a Kosmos-3M booster. Oxidiser and propellant were accidentally mixed together during fuelling..

1973 August 28 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 582 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 6802 . COSPAR: 1973-060A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 September 8 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 585 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 6825 . COSPAR: 1973-064A. Apogee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Perigee: 1,375 km (854 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.60 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1973 September 14 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 586 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6828 . COSPAR: 1973-065A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1973 October 2 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 588 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 49. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6845 . COSPAR: 1973-069A. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,448 km (899 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 590 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 51. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6847 . COSPAR: 1973-069C. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 589 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 50. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6846 . COSPAR: 1973-069B. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 595 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 56. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6852 . COSPAR: 1973-069H. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 593 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 54. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6850 . COSPAR: 1973-069F. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,364 km (847 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 594 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 55. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6851 . COSPAR: 1973-069G. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,380 km (850 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 592 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 53. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6849 . COSPAR: 1973-069E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,330 km (820 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 591 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 52. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6848 . COSPAR: 1973-069D. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,346 km (836 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1973 October 30 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 10 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n 3. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1974-06-07 . Decay Date: 1977-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6911 . COSPAR: 1973-082A. Apogee: 1,453 km (902 mi). Perigee: 257 km (159 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Geophysical research at high latitudes to study the electromagnetic coupling of the earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere..

1973 November 27 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 610 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6950 . COSPAR: 1973-093A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 December 4 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 614 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 6965 . COSPAR: 1973-098A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 751 km (466 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.20 min.

1973 December 19 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 617 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 57. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6985 . COSPAR: 1973-104A. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,334 km (828 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 624 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 64. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6992 . COSPAR: 1973-104H. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,351 km (839 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 620 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 60. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6988 . COSPAR: 1973-104D. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 622 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 62. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6990 . COSPAR: 1973-104F. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,370 km (850 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 619 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 59. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6987 . COSPAR: 1973-104C. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 623 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 63. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6991 . COSPAR: 1973-104G. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 621 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 61. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6989 . COSPAR: 1973-104E. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,406 km (873 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 618 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 58. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6986 . COSPAR: 1973-104B. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,444 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.

1973 December 26 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Oreol 2 - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 2. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1974-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 7003 . COSPAR: 1973-107A. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Continued investigations in the earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of polar aurorae begun on board the Oreol satellite in 1971..

1973 December 29 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 627 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7008 . COSPAR: 1973-109A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 January 17 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 628 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7094 . COSPAR: 1974-001A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 February 6 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 631 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7109 . COSPAR: 1974-005A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 479. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974 April 23 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 641 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 65. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7265 . COSPAR: 1974-024A. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 648 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 72. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7272 . COSPAR: 1974-024H. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 643 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 67. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7267 . COSPAR: 1974-024C. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,352 km (840 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 647 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 71. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7271 . COSPAR: 1974-024G. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,422 km (883 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 644 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 68. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7268 . COSPAR: 1974-024D. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,335 km (829 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 646 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 70. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7270 . COSPAR: 1974-024F. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 645 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 69. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7269 . COSPAR: 1974-024E. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,369 km (850 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 642 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 66. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7266 . COSPAR: 1974-024B. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.

1974 April 29 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 650 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 7281 . COSPAR: 1974-028A. Apogee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,368 km (850 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.40 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1974 May 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 11 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 4. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1975-02-14 . Decay Date: 1979-09-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 7299 . COSPAR: 1974-034A. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 483 km (300 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Investigation of solar ultraviolet rays and X-rays and their effect on the earth's upper atmosphere..

1974 May 21 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 655 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 7306 . COSPAR: 1974-035A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 536. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 June 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 660 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 7337 . COSPAR: 1974-044A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 383 km (237 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Radar calibration mission..

1974 June 21 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 661 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 7339 . COSPAR: 1974-045A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 June 27 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 663 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7349 . COSPAR: 1974-048A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 August 29 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 675 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 7424 . COSPAR: 1974-069A. Apogee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Perigee: 1,364 km (847 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 113.60 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1974 September 11 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 676 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 7433 . COSPAR: 1974-071A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1974 September 19 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 677 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 73. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7435 . COSPAR: 1974-072A. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 681 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 77. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7439 . COSPAR: 1974-072E. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 683 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 79. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7441 . COSPAR: 1974-072G. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 678 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 74. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7436 . COSPAR: 1974-072B. Apogee: 1,532 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 680 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 76. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7438 . COSPAR: 1974-072D. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 682 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 78. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7440 . COSPAR: 1974-072F. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,452 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 679 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 75. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7437 . COSPAR: 1974-072C. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 684 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 80. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7442 . COSPAR: 1974-072H. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.

1974 October 11 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 687 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7469 . COSPAR: 1974-076A. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 286 km (177 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1974 October 18 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 689 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7476 . COSPAR: 1974-079A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 972 km (603 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 October 31 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 12 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n 4. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1975-02-20 . Decay Date: 1975-07-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 7500 . COSPAR: 1974-086A. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 243 km (150 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Atmospheric, ionospheric research. Comprehensive investigation of the earth's atmosphere and ionosphere and of micrometeorite fluxes..

1974 December 18 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 698 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7576 . COSPAR: 1974-100A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 549. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 December 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 700 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 7593 . COSPAR: 1974-105A. Apogee: 994 km (617 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1975 February 5 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 707 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7637 . COSPAR: 1975-008A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 491 km (305 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1975 February 12 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 708 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 7663 . COSPAR: 1975-012A. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,368 km (850 mi). Inclination: 69.2000 deg. Period: 113.60 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1975 February 28 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 711 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 81. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7678 . COSPAR: 1975-016A. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 717 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 87. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7684 . COSPAR: 1975-016G. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 713 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 83. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7680 . COSPAR: 1975-016C. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 716 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 86. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7683 . COSPAR: 1975-016F. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 715 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 85. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7682 . COSPAR: 1975-016E. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 714 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 84. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7681 . COSPAR: 1975-016D. Apogee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 718 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 88. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7685 . COSPAR: 1975-016H. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,429 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 712 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 82. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7679 . COSPAR: 1975-016B. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

1975 March 27 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 13 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n 5. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1975-06-21 . Decay Date: 1980-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 7710 . COSPAR: 1975-022A. Apogee: 1,689 km (1,049 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Upper atmospheric experiments. Study of dynamic processes in the earth's magnetosphere and polar ionosphere and investigation of low-frequency electromagnetic waves..

1975 April 11 - . 07:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 726 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 7736 . COSPAR: 1975-028A. Apogee: 991 km (615 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 April 19 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Aryabhata - . Payload: ISS. Mass: 360 kg (790 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Aryabhata. Decay Date: 1992-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 7752 . COSPAR: 1975-033A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Atmospheric research. Experimental satellite for satellite technology and some scientific experiments. Launched from a cosmodrome in the USSR. .

1975 April 22 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 729 - . Mass: 725 kg (1,598 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7768 . COSPAR: 1975-034A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 May 28 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 732 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 89. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7820 . COSPAR: 1975-045A. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 737 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 94. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7826 . COSPAR: 1975-045F. Apogee: 1,529 km (950 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 739 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 96. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7828 . COSPAR: 1975-045H. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,423 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 738 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 95. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7827 . COSPAR: 1975-045G. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 735 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 92. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7824 . COSPAR: 1975-045D. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 736 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 93. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7825 . COSPAR: 1975-045E. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 733 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 90. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7822 . COSPAR: 1975-045B. Apogee: 1,554 km (965 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min.
  • Cosmos 734 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 91. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7823 . COSPAR: 1975-045C. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.

1975 June 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: First stage failed 84 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Intercosmos 14 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 5. Mass: 390 kg (850 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Measurements of the sun; used for Interkosmos launches. Payload included East European experiments to study solar UV, X-ray effects on upper atmosphere. Investigation of solar radiation and its effect on the atmosphere of the earth..

1975 July 4 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 749 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 8009 . COSPAR: 1975-062A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 509 km (316 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 610. Possible ELINT satellite..

1975 July 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 752 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 8043 . COSPAR: 1975-069A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 481 km (298 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1975 August 14 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 755 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 8072 . COSPAR: 1975-074A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 September 17 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 761 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 97. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8285 . COSPAR: 1975-086A. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 764 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 100. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8288 . COSPAR: 1975-086D. Apogee: 1,526 km (948 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 768 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 104. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8292 . COSPAR: 1975-086H. Apogee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 763 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 99. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8287 . COSPAR: 1975-086C. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 766 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 102. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8290 . COSPAR: 1975-086F. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 762 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 98. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8286 . COSPAR: 1975-086B. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 765 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 101. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8289 . COSPAR: 1975-086E. Apogee: 1,550 km (960 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min.
  • Cosmos 767 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 103. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8291 . COSPAR: 1975-086G. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.

1975 September 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 770 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 8325 . COSPAR: 1975-089A. Apogee: 1,208 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,165 km (723 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1975 September 30 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 773 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 8343 . COSPAR: 1975-094A. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 772 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1975 November 4 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 778 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 8419 . COSPAR: 1975-103A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 968 km (601 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1975 November 21 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 781 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 8444 . COSPAR: 1975-109A. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 698. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1975 November 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 783 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 8458 . COSPAR: 1975-112A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1975 December 11 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 14 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n 6. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1976-07-09 . Decay Date: 1983-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 8471 . COSPAR: 1975-115A. Apogee: 1,684 km (1,046 mi). Perigee: 335 km (208 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 105.30 min. Study of low-frequency electromagnetic vibrations in the magnetosphere of the earth, of the structure of the ionosphere and of the intensity of micrometeorite fluxes..

1975 December 19 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-P1-M - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Vertikal-4 Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1976 January 6 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 787 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 8530 . COSPAR: 1976-001A. Apogee: 565 km (351 mi). Perigee: 509 km (316 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 655. Possible ELINT satellite..

1976 January 20 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 789 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 8591 . COSPAR: 1976-005A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 January 22 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 790 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 8604 . COSPAR: 1976-007A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 631. Possible ELINT satellite..

1976 January 28 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 791 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 105. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8607 . COSPAR: 1976-008A. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 114.80 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 792 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 106. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8608 . COSPAR: 1976-008B. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,436 km (892 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 793 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 107. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8609 . COSPAR: 1976-008C. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 795 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 109. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8611 . COSPAR: 1976-008E. Apogee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 798 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 112. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8614 . COSPAR: 1976-008H. Apogee: 1,554 km (965 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.
  • Cosmos 794 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 108. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8610 . COSPAR: 1976-008D. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,452 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 796 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 110. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8612 . COSPAR: 1976-008F. Apogee: 1,516 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 797 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 111. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8613 . COSPAR: 1976-008G. Apogee: 1,530 km (950 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.

1976 February 3 - . 08:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 800 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 8645 . COSPAR: 1976-011A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 978 km (607 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 February 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 803 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 8688 . COSPAR: 1976-014A. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. ASAT target. Beginning of test of 'second generation' ASAT interceptor. Objective was to complete test series by 1978 ABM treaty date..

1976 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 807 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 8744 . COSPAR: 1976-022A. Apogee: 1,568 km (974 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Radar calibration mission..

1976 April 6 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 812 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 8794 . COSPAR: 1976-031A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 508 km (315 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 544. Possible ELINT satellite..

1976 April 28 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 816 - . Mass: 950 kg (2,090 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1979-11-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 8812 . COSPAR: 1976-037A. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi). Perigee: 453 km (281 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Released 24 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1976 May 28 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 822 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 8865 . COSPAR: 1976-049A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1976 June 2 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 823 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 8873 . COSPAR: 1976-051A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 June 15 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 825 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 113. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8889 . COSPAR: 1976-054A. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,395 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 829 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 117. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8893 . COSPAR: 1976-054E. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,451 km (901 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 830 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 118. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8894 . COSPAR: 1976-054F. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 831 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 119. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8895 . COSPAR: 1976-054G. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 828 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 116. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8892 . COSPAR: 1976-054D. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 826 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 114. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8890 . COSPAR: 1976-054B. Apogee: 1,545 km (960 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min.
  • Cosmos 827 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 115. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8891 . COSPAR: 1976-054C. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 832 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 120. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8896 . COSPAR: 1976-054H. Apogee: 1,521 km (945 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.

1976 June 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 15 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-T-IK. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1976-07-26 . Decay Date: 1979-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 8903 . COSPAR: 1976-056A. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi). Perigee: 481 km (298 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Testing of new systems and components of satellite under space flight conditions. .

1976 June 29 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 836 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 8923 . COSPAR: 1976-061A. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1976 July 8 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 839 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 9011 . COSPAR: 1976-067A. Apogee: 2,053 km (1,275 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 843 interceptor..

1976 July 15 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 841 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 9022 . COSPAR: 1976-069A. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi). Perigee: 769 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1976 July 21 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 842 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 9025 . COSPAR: 1976-070A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1976 July 27 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. Launch Pad: LC132/2?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 845 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 9053 . COSPAR: 1976-075A. Apogee: 597 km (370 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Replaced Cosmos 812. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1976 July 27 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 16 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 6. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IKI. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1976-11-13 . Decay Date: 1979-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 9055 . COSPAR: 1976-076A. Apogee: 517 km (321 mi). Perigee: 464 km (288 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Investigation of the ultraviolet and X-ray radiation of the Sun and the influence of such radiation on the structure of the Earth's upper atmosphere..

1976 July 29 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 846 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 9061 . COSPAR: 1976-078A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 September 29 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 858 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 9443 . COSPAR: 1976-098A. Apogee: 794 km (493 mi). Perigee: 774 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1976 October 14 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Vertikal-4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

1976 October 29 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 864 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 9509 . COSPAR: 1976-108A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1976 December 2 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 870 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 9573 . COSPAR: 1976-115A. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 500. Possible ELINT satellite..

1976 December 7 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 871 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 121. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9588 . COSPAR: 1976-118A. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 876 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 126. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9593 . COSPAR: 1976-118F. Apogee: 1,539 km (956 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 872 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 122. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9589 . COSPAR: 1976-118B. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 877 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 127. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9594 . COSPAR: 1976-118G. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 873 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 123. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9590 . COSPAR: 1976-118C. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 878 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 128. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9595 . COSPAR: 1976-118H. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 875 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 125. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9592 . COSPAR: 1976-118E. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,437 km (892 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 874 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 124. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 9591 . COSPAR: 1976-118D. Apogee: 1,516 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.

1976 December 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 880 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1979-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 9601 . COSPAR: 1976-120A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 886 interceptor..

1976 December 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 883 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 9610 . COSPAR: 1976-122A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1976 December 17 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 885 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1979-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 9615 . COSPAR: 1976-124A. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi). Perigee: 433 km (269 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Released 18 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1976 December 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 887 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 9637 . COSPAR: 1976-128A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1977 January 20 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 890 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 9737 . COSPAR: 1977-004A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 975 km (605 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 February 2 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 891 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-02-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 9801 . COSPAR: 1977-006A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 472 km (293 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1977 February 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 893 - . Payload: GVM DS-U2-IK s/n 1. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: GVM DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1977-02-15 . Decay Date: 1984-10-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 9833 . COSPAR: 1977-011A. Apogee: 1,656 km (1,028 mi). Perigee: 354 km (219 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1977 February 21 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 894 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 9846 . COSPAR: 1977-013A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 March 24 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 899 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 9883 . COSPAR: 1977-022A. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi). Perigee: 503 km (312 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 437. Possible ELINT satellite..

1977 March 29 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 900 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-R-O Oval. Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Decay Date: 1979-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 9898 . COSPAR: 1977-023A. Apogee: 522 km (324 mi). Perigee: 457 km (283 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1977 April 27 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 906 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1980-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 9938 . COSPAR: 1977-031A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 464 km (288 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Released 1 Romb radar calibration subsatellite. Possible partially failed spacecraft bus..

1977 May 19 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 909 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 10010 . COSPAR: 1977-036A. Apogee: 2,111 km (1,311 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 117.00 min. Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1977 May 25 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 911 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 10019 . COSPAR: 1977-039A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1977 May 30 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 913 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1979-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 10028 . COSPAR: 1977-042A. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Released 21 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1977 June 17 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Signe 3 - . Mass: 102 kg (224 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Signe. Decay Date: 1979-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 10064 . COSPAR: 1977-049A. Apogee: 522 km (324 mi). Perigee: 449 km (278 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. This marked the first time the Kapustin Yar cosmodrome was opened to capitalist countries. 20 French specialists worked on the satellite..

1977 July 1 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 923 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 10120 . COSPAR: 1977-059A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

1977 July 4 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 924 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-02-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 10129 . COSPAR: 1977-060A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 436. Possible ELINT satellite..

1977 July 8 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 926 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 10137 . COSPAR: 1977-062A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1977 July 13 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 928 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10141 . COSPAR: 1977-064A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 July 19 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 930 - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1980-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 10149 . COSPAR: 1977-067A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 482 km (299 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Radar calibration mission..

1977 July 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 933 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 10157 . COSPAR: 1977-070A. Apogee: 431 km (267 mi). Perigee: 369 km (229 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1977 August 24 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 939 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 129. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10282 . COSPAR: 1977-079A. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 941 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 131. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10287 . COSPAR: 1977-079C. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 940 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 130. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10286 . COSPAR: 1977-079B. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 942 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 132. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10288 . COSPAR: 1977-079D. Apogee: 1,532 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 946 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 136. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10292 . COSPAR: 1977-079H. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 943 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 133. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10289 . COSPAR: 1977-079E. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 944 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 134. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10290 . COSPAR: 1977-079F. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 945 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 135. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10291 . COSPAR: 1977-079G. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.

1977 September 13 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 951 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10352 . COSPAR: 1977-087A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 September 24 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 17 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-R-E-IK. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1979-01-16 . Decay Date: 1979-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 10376 . COSPAR: 1977-096A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Investigation of energetic charged and neutral particles and micrometeorite fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1977 October 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 959 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1977-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 10419 . COSPAR: 1977-101A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 961 interceptor..

1977 October 25 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 960 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 10430 . COSPAR: 1977-103A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 502 km (311 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 870. Possible ELINT satellite..

1977 October 25 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Vertikal'-6 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1977 October 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 962 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 10459 . COSPAR: 1977-107A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1977 November 24 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 963 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 10491 . COSPAR: 1977-109A. Apogee: 1,206 km (749 mi). Perigee: 1,179 km (732 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1977 November 29 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Kosmos launch failure - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN.

1977 December 8 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 965 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1979-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 10501 . COSPAR: 1977-111A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 465 km (288 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Released 24 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1977 December 13 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 967 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 10512 . COSPAR: 1977-116A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 970 interceptor..

1977 December 16 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 968 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 10520 . COSPAR: 1977-119A. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi). Perigee: 765 km (475 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1977 December 23 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 971 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10536 . COSPAR: 1977-122A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 975 km (605 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1978 January 10 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 976 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 137. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10581 . COSPAR: 1978-005A. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 979 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 140. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10586 . COSPAR: 1978-005D. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,437 km (892 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 977 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 138. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10584 . COSPAR: 1978-005B. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 982 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 143. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10589 . COSPAR: 1978-005G. Apogee: 1,516 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 981 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 142. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10588 . COSPAR: 1978-005F. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 980 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 141. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10587 . COSPAR: 1978-005E. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 978 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 139. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10585 . COSPAR: 1978-005C. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 983 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 144. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10590 . COSPAR: 1978-005H. Apogee: 1,538 km (955 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.

1978 January 17 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 985 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10599 . COSPAR: 1978-007A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 938 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 February 17 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 990 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 10676 . COSPAR: 1978-019A. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi). Perigee: 764 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1978 February 28 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 991 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10692 . COSPAR: 1978-022A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 March 15 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 994 - . Mass: 920 kg (2,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 10731 . COSPAR: 1978-028A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 March 28 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 996 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10744 . COSPAR: 1978-031A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 March 31 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1000 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 10776 . COSPAR: 1978-034A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Completion of work on a space navigation system designed to permit determination of the position of Soviet naval and fishing vessels..

1978 May 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1006 - . Mass: 1,120 kg (2,460 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1979-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 10862 . COSPAR: 1978-046A. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1978 May 17 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1008 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-01-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 10898 . COSPAR: 1978-049A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 845. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1978 May 23 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1011 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 10917 . COSPAR: 1978-053A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 June 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1013 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 145. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10930 . COSPAR: 1978-056A. Apogee: 1,554 km (965 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1019 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 151. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10936 . COSPAR: 1978-056G. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1015 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 147. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10932 . COSPAR: 1978-056C. Apogee: 1,516 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1016 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 148. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10933 . COSPAR: 1978-056D. Apogee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1017 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 149. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10934 . COSPAR: 1978-056E. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1014 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 146. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10931 . COSPAR: 1978-056B. Apogee: 1,531 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1018 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 150. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10935 . COSPAR: 1978-056F. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,442 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1020 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 152. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10937 . COSPAR: 1978-056H. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1978 June 21 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1023 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 10961 . COSPAR: 1978-063A. Apogee: 786 km (488 mi). Perigee: 766 km (475 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1978 July 27 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1027 - . Mass: 920 kg (2,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 10991 . COSPAR: 1978-074A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1978 October 4 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1034 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 153. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11042 . COSPAR: 1978-091A. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,422 km (883 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1040 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 159. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11049 . COSPAR: 1978-091G. Apogee: 1,527 km (948 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1039 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 158. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11048 . COSPAR: 1978-091F. Apogee: 1,552 km (964 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1041 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 160. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11050 . COSPAR: 1978-091H. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1035 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 154. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11044 . COSPAR: 1978-091B. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1036 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 155. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11045 . COSPAR: 1978-091C. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,442 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1037 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 156. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11046 . COSPAR: 1978-091D. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1038 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 157. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11047 . COSPAR: 1978-091E. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

1978 October 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 18 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-M-IK. Mass: 1,050 kg (2,310 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1981-03-18 . Decay Date: 1981-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11082 . COSPAR: 1978-099A. Apogee: 757 km (470 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 96.30 min.

    Conduct of complex investigations on the interaction between the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the earth. Launched under the Intercosmos programme by the USSR in cooperation with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the H ungarian People's Republic, the Polish People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania. On 14 Nov 1978, Magion, a small Czechoslovak scientific satellite, separated from object 1296.

  • Magion 1 - . Payload: S2. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: RVSN. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Magion. Decay Date: 1981-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11110 . COSPAR: 1978-099B. Apogee: 762 km (473 mi). Perigee: 404 km (251 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 96.40 min.

    Ionospheric, magnetospheric studies. The Czechoslovak satellite MAGION was launched into orbit by the Soviet spacecraft Intercosmos 18. It forms a part of the scientific programme of Intercosmos 18, launched from USSR territory on 24 Oct 1978. MAGION was separated into an autonomous orbit on 14 Nov 1978. General function: Reasearch of the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the earth (magnetosphere-ionosphere satellite).


1978 November 3 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Vertikal'-7 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1978 November 16 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1048 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11111 . COSPAR: 1978-105A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 769 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1978 December 5 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1051 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 161. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11128 . COSPAR: 1978-109A. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1056 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 166. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11133 . COSPAR: 1978-109F. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1057 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 167. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11134 . COSPAR: 1978-109G. Apogee: 1,515 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1055 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 165. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11132 . COSPAR: 1978-109E. Apogee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1054 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 164. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11131 . COSPAR: 1978-109D. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,446 km (898 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1058 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 168. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11135 . COSPAR: 1978-109H. Apogee: 1,538 km (955 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1053 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 163. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11130 . COSPAR: 1978-109C. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,430 km (880 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1052 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 162. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11129 . COSPAR: 1978-109B. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

1978 December 15 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1062 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11150 . COSPAR: 1978-115A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 899. Possible ELINT satellite..

1978 December 20 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1064 - . Mass: 1,025 kg (2,259 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1989-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11161 . COSPAR: 1978-119A. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi). Perigee: 333 km (206 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Probable failure. Military navigation satellite..

1978 December 22 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1065 - . Mass: 1,170 kg (2,570 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1979-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11163 . COSPAR: 1978-120A. Apogee: 544 km (338 mi). Perigee: 348 km (216 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Radar calibration. Released 7 Romb radar calibration subsatellites. Possible partially failed spacecraft bus..

1978 December 26 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1067 - . Mass: 880 kg (1,940 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 11168 . COSPAR: 1978-122A. Apogee: 1,213 km (753 mi). Perigee: 1,156 km (718 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1979 January 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1072 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11238 . COSPAR: 1979-003A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 February 8 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1075 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-10-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11262 . COSPAR: 1979-010A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1979 February 27 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 19 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-I-IK. Mass: 1,015 kg (2,237 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1982-04-27 . Decay Date: 2002-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11285 . COSPAR: 1979-020A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 452 km (280 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 96.30 min.

    Comprehensive investigations of the structure of the earth's ionosphere, the characteristics of wave processes and the propagation of radio waves in the ionospheric plasma. Launched under the Intercosmos programme by the USSR in cooperation with the Peopl e's Republic of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Polish People's Republic. Additional Details: here....


1979 March 15 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1081 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 169. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11296 . COSPAR: 1979-024A. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1087 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 175. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11302 . COSPAR: 1979-024G. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1085 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 173. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11300 . COSPAR: 1979-024E. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1088 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 176. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11303 . COSPAR: 1979-024H. Apogee: 1,548 km (961 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1086 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 174. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11301 . COSPAR: 1979-024F. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1082 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 170. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11297 . COSPAR: 1979-024B. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,423 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1084 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 172. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11299 . COSPAR: 1979-024D. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1083 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 171. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11298 . COSPAR: 1979-024C. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.

1979 March 21 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1089 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11308 . COSPAR: 1979-026A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 April 7 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1091 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11320 . COSPAR: 1979-028A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 April 11 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1092 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 11326 . COSPAR: 1979-030A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 959 km (595 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1979 May 31 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1104 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11378 . COSPAR: 1979-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 June 7 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Bhaskara 1 - . Payload: SEO. Mass: 441 kg (972 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Bhaskara. Decay Date: 1989-02-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11392 . COSPAR: 1979-051A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Launched from a cosmodrome in the USSR. Experimental satellite for conducting earth resources survey over India. .

1979 June 28 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1110 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11425 . COSPAR: 1979-060A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 775 km (481 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1979 July 6 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1112 - . Mass: 1,190 kg (2,620 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1980-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 11443 . COSPAR: 1979-063A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 357 km (221 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Radar calibration. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1979 July 11 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1114 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11449 . COSPAR: 1979-065A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 924. Possible ELINT satellite..

1979 August 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1125 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11510 . COSPAR: 1979-078A. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1979 September 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1130 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 177. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11538 . COSPAR: 1979-084A. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1133 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 180. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11541 . COSPAR: 1979-084D. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,439 km (894 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1137 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 184. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11545 . COSPAR: 1979-084H. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1136 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 183. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11544 . COSPAR: 1979-084G. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1134 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 181. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11542 . COSPAR: 1979-084E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1132 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 179. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11540 . COSPAR: 1979-084C. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,426 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1135 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 182. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11543 . COSPAR: 1979-084F. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1131 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 178. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11539 . COSPAR: 1979-084B. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1979 October 11 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1140 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11573 . COSPAR: 1979-089A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 765 km (475 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1979 October 16 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1141 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11585 . COSPAR: 1979-090A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 November 1 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 20 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-R-P-IK. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1980-12-11 . Decay Date: 1981-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11609 . COSPAR: 1979-096A. Apogee: 519 km (322 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

    Testing of methods for comprehensive study of the oceans and the surface of the earth, and testing of automatic gathering of scientific information from experimental sea and land stations. Launched under the INTERCOSMOS programme by the Soviet Union toget her with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania.


1979 December 5 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1146 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1981-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11632 . COSPAR: 1979-100A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 438 km (272 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 93.90 min. Radar calibration..

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • BOR-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1980 January 14 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1150 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11667 . COSPAR: 1980-003A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 January 25 - . 20:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1153 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11680 . COSPAR: 1980-007A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 February 11 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1156 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 185. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11691 . COSPAR: 1980-012A. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1159 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 188. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11694 . COSPAR: 1980-012D. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1157 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 186. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11692 . COSPAR: 1980-012B. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1160 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 189. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11695 . COSPAR: 1980-012E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1158 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 187. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11693 . COSPAR: 1980-012C. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1161 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 190. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11696 . COSPAR: 1980-012F. Apogee: 1,502 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1162 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 191. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11697 . COSPAR: 1980-012G. Apogee: 1,519 km (943 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1163 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 192. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11698 . COSPAR: 1980-012H. Apogee: 1,543 km (958 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.

1980 March 17 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1168 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 11735 . COSPAR: 1980-022A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1980 March 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1169 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1983-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11741 . COSPAR: 1980-023A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1980 April 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1171 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 11750 . COSPAR: 1980-026A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 1174 interceptor. First in a series of tests to validate functioning of system after extended storage..

1980 May 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1179 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1989-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11796 . COSPAR: 1980-037A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Failure. Radar calibration mission..

1980 May 20 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1181 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11803 . COSPAR: 1980-039A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 June 6 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1186 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1982-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11829 . COSPAR: 1980-047A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1980 July 1 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1190 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11869 . COSPAR: 1980-056A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 777 km (482 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1980 July 9 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1192 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 193. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11875 . COSPAR: 1980-058A. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1198 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 199. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11881 . COSPAR: 1980-058G. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1199 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 200. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11882 . COSPAR: 1980-058H. Apogee: 1,531 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1195 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 196. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11878 . COSPAR: 1980-058D. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1193 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 194. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11876 . COSPAR: 1980-058B. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1196 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 197. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11879 . COSPAR: 1980-058E. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1194 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 195. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11877 . COSPAR: 1980-058C. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1197 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 198. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11880 . COSPAR: 1980-058F. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

1980 July 31 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1204 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1981-02-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11917 . COSPAR: 1980-067A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Radar calibration. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1980 October 14 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1215 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1983-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 12016 . COSPAR: 1980-083A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 493 km (306 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Radar calibration. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1980 December 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-4 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 December 5 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1225 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12087 . COSPAR: 1980-097A. Apogee: 1,025 km (636 mi). Perigee: 945 km (587 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 December 10 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1226 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 12091 . COSPAR: 1980-099A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1980 December 23 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1228 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 201. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12107 . COSPAR: 1980-102A. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1233 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 206. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12112 . COSPAR: 1980-102F. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1230 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 203. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12109 . COSPAR: 1980-102C. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1231 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 204. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12110 . COSPAR: 1980-102D. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,406 km (873 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1232 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 205. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12111 . COSPAR: 1980-102E. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1229 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 202. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12108 . COSPAR: 1980-102B. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1235 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 208. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12114 . COSPAR: 1980-102H. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1234 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 207. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12113 . COSPAR: 1980-102G. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Vertikal-10 Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 January 16 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1238 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 12138 . COSPAR: 1981-003A. Apogee: 1,706 km (1,060 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 106.20 min. Radar calibration mission..

1981 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1241 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 12149 . COSPAR: 1981-006A. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 989 km (614 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 1243 and Cosmos 1258 interceptors..

1981 February 6 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 21 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-R-P-IK. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1982-06-02 . Decay Date: 1982-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 12162 . COSPAR: 1981-011A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 469 km (291 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

    Oceanographic, terrestrial studies. Development of methods for comprehensive study of the oceans and the surface of the earth, and testing of the experimental system of automatic gathering of scientific information from sea and land stations. Launched under the INTERCOSMOS programme by the USSR together with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania.


1981 February 12 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1244 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12297 . COSPAR: 1981-013A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1104..

1981 March 6 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1250 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 209. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12320 . COSPAR: 1981-022A. Apogee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,390 km (860 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1257 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 216. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12327 . COSPAR: 1981-022H. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1256 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 215. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12326 . COSPAR: 1981-022G. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,457 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1251 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 210. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12321 . COSPAR: 1981-022B. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1255 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 214. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12325 . COSPAR: 1981-022F. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1254 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 213. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12324 . COSPAR: 1981-022E. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,431 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1253 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 212. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12323 . COSPAR: 1981-022D. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1252 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 211. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12322 . COSPAR: 1981-022C. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1981 April 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1263 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 12388 . COSPAR: 1981-033A. Apogee: 1,684 km (1,046 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.90 min. Radar calibration mission..

1981 May 7 - . 13:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1269 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 12442 . COSPAR: 1981-041A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

1981 June 4 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1275 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1981-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12504 . COSPAR: 1981-053A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1141..

1981 August 6 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1287 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 217. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12636 . COSPAR: 1981-074A. Apogee: 1,513 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1288 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 218. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12637 . COSPAR: 1981-074B. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1294 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 224. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12643 . COSPAR: 1981-074H. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,392 km (864 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1290 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 220. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12639 . COSPAR: 1981-074D. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,442 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1293 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 223. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12642 . COSPAR: 1981-074G. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1291 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 221. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12640 . COSPAR: 1981-074E. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1292 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 222. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12641 . COSPAR: 1981-074F. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1289 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 219. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12638 . COSPAR: 1981-074C. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,426 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1981 August 12 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1295 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12681 . COSPAR: 1981-077A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1181..

1981 August 28 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1302 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 12791 . COSPAR: 1981-084A. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 771 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.50 min. Replaced Cosmos 1269..

1981 September 4 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1304 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 12803 . COSPAR: 1981-087A. Apogee: 972 km (603 mi). Perigee: 906 km (562 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite; replaced Cosmos 926..

1981 September 18 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1308 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12835 . COSPAR: 1981-091A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1275..

1981 September 18 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Gruziya-60-Spurt Active plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi).

1981 September 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1310 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1989-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 12852 . COSPAR: 1981-095A. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Radar calibration mission..

1981 September 28 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1311 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1983-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 12871 . COSPAR: 1981-097A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1981 November 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Bhaskara 2 - . Payload: SEO B. Mass: 444 kg (978 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Bhaskara. Decay Date: 1991-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12968 . COSPAR: 1981-115A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 368 km (228 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Experimental earth observations. Launched from a cosmodrome in the USSR. .

1981 November 28 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1320 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 225. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12975 . COSPAR: 1981-116A. Apogee: 1,635 km (1,015 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 117.30 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1323 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 228. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12978 . COSPAR: 1981-116D. Apogee: 1,625 km (1,009 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 117.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1324 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 229. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12979 . COSPAR: 1981-116E. Apogee: 1,620 km (1,000 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 117.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1325 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 230. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12980 . COSPAR: 1981-116F. Apogee: 1,617 km (1,004 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 117.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1327 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 232. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12982 . COSPAR: 1981-116H. Apogee: 1,604 km (996 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1326 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 231. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12981 . COSPAR: 1981-116G. Apogee: 1,611 km (1,001 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 117.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1321 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 226. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12976 . COSPAR: 1981-116B. Apogee: 1,632 km (1,014 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 117.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1322 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 227. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12977 . COSPAR: 1981-116C. Apogee: 1,629 km (1,012 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 117.20 min.

1981 December 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Radio-3; Radio Sputnik 3 - . Payload: RS-3. Mass: 72 kg (158 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Iskra bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-1. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 12997 . COSPAR: 1981-120A. Apogee: 1,657 km (1,029 mi). Perigee: 1,565 km (972 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 118.50 min. Amateur radiocommunication. Radio-3 to Radio-8 launched by a single carrier rocket. .
  • Radio-4; Radio Sputnik 4 - . Payload: RS-6. Mass: 72 kg (158 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Iskra bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-1. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 13000 . COSPAR: 1981-120D. Apogee: 1,666 km (1,035 mi). Perigee: 1,635 km (1,015 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 119.30 min. Amateur radiocommunication. Radio-3 to Radio-8 launched by a single carrier rocket. .
  • Radio-8; Radio Sputnik 8 - . Payload: RS-4. Mass: 72 kg (158 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Iskra bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-1. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 12998 . COSPAR: 1981-120B. Apogee: 1,682 km (1,045 mi). Perigee: 1,652 km (1,026 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 119.70 min. Amateur radiocommunication. Radio-3 to Radio-8 launched by a single carrier rocket. .
  • Radio-6; Radio Sputnik 6 - . Payload: RS-8. Mass: 72 kg (158 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Iskra bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-1. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 13002 . COSPAR: 1981-120F. Apogee: 1,660 km (1,030 mi). Perigee: 1,580 km (980 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 118.60 min. Amateur radiocommunication. Radio-3 to Radio-8 launched by a single carrier rocket. .
  • Radio-7; Radio Sputnik 7 - . Payload: RS-7. Mass: 72 kg (158 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Iskra bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-1. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 13001 . COSPAR: 1981-120E. Apogee: 1,661 km (1,032 mi). Perigee: 1,622 km (1,007 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 119.10 min. Amateur radiocommunication. Radio-3 to Radio-8 launched by a single carrier rocket. .
  • Radio-5; Radio Sputnik 5 - . Payload: RS-5. Mass: 72 kg (158 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Iskra bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-1. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 12999 . COSPAR: 1981-120C. Apogee: 1,668 km (1,036 mi). Perigee: 1,647 km (1,023 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 119.50 min. Amateur radiocommunication. Radio-3 to Radio-8 launched by a single carrier rocket. .

1981 December 21 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Vertikal-10 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1982 January 7 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1331 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 13027 . COSPAR: 1982-001A. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 757 km (470 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Replaced Cosmos 1302..

1982 January 14 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1333 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13033 . COSPAR: 1982-003A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1150..

1982 January 29 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1335 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1987-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 13042 . COSPAR: 1982-007A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 476 km (295 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration; replaced Cosmos 1186. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1982 February 17 - . 21:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1339 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 13065 . COSPAR: 1982-012A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 948 km (589 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1092..

1982 March 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Romb - . Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1982 March 24 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1344 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13110 . COSPAR: 1982-024A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1244..

1982 March 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1345 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1989-09-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 13118 . COSPAR: 1982-026A. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1982 April 8 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1349 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13127 . COSPAR: 1982-030A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1153..

1982 April 21 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1351 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1983-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 13142 . COSPAR: 1982-034A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 348 km (216 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1982 April 28 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1354 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 13148 . COSPAR: 1982-037A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 783 km (486 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1190..

1982 May 6 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1357 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 233. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13160 . COSPAR: 1982-040A. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1359 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 235. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13162 . COSPAR: 1982-040C. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1363 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 239. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13166 . COSPAR: 1982-040G. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1362 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 238. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13165 . COSPAR: 1982-040F. Apogee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1364 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 240. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13167 . COSPAR: 1982-040H. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1361 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 237. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13164 . COSPAR: 1982-040E. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1360 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 236. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13163 . COSPAR: 1982-040D. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,446 km (898 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1358 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 234. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13161 . COSPAR: 1982-040B. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1982 June 1 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1371 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 13241 . COSPAR: 1982-051A. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1140..

1982 June 3 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • Cosmos 1374 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Buran. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: BOR-4. Duration: 0.0700 days. Decay Date: 1982-06-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 13257 . COSPAR: 1982-054A. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 88.10 min.

    Subscale Spiral spaceplane. After 1.25 revolutions of the earth, deorbited and recovered by Soviet naval forces in the Indian Ocean at 17 degrees South, 98 degrees East, 560 km south of Cocos Islands. Made a 600 km cross-range maneuver during reentry. The recovery was filmed by an Australian Orion reconnaissance aircraft, revealing the configuration to the West for the first time.


1982 June 6 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1375 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1985-10-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 13259 . COSPAR: 1982-055A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1982 June 18 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1380 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1982-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 13282 . COSPAR: 1982-061A. Apogee: 721 km (448 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 93.20 min. Upper stage failure. Was to have replaced Cosmos 1225..

1982 June 29 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1383 - . Payload: Nadezhda 11F643N s/n 514. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 13301 . COSPAR: 1982-066A. Apogee: 1,025 km (636 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Trials of experimental equipment for testing systems to determine the location of vessels and aircraft in distress..

1982 July 7 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1386 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13353 . COSPAR: 1982-069A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 948 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1225..

1982 July 21 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1388 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 241. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13375 . COSPAR: 1982-073A. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1391 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 244. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13378 . COSPAR: 1982-073D. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1393 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 246. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13380 . COSPAR: 1982-073F. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1390 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 243. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13377 . COSPAR: 1982-073C. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1394 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 247. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13381 . COSPAR: 1982-073G. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1395 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 248. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13382 . COSPAR: 1982-073H. Apogee: 1,516 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1389 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 242. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13376 . COSPAR: 1982-073B. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1392 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 245. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13379 . COSPAR: 1982-073E. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,460 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.

1982 July 29 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1397 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1983-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 13394 . COSPAR: 1982-076A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.40 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1982 August 30 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1982 October 19 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1417 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13617 . COSPAR: 1982-102A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1308..

1982 October 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1418 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1983-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13627 . COSPAR: 1982-104A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1982 November 11 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1420 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 13648 . COSPAR: 1982-109A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1982 November 24 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1982 December 29 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1427 - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1989-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 13750 . COSPAR: 1982-121A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 319 km (198 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Radar calibration mission..

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1983 January 12 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1428 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13757 . COSPAR: 1983-001A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1333..

1983 January 19 - . 02:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1429 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 249. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13761 . COSPAR: 1983-002A. Apogee: 1,518 km (943 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1435 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 255. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13767 . COSPAR: 1983-002G. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1431 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 251. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13763 . COSPAR: 1983-002C. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1433 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 253. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13765 . COSPAR: 1983-002E. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,446 km (898 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1436 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 256. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13768 . COSPAR: 1983-002H. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1434 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 254. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13766 . COSPAR: 1983-002F. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,431 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1430 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 250. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13762 . COSPAR: 1983-002B. Apogee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1432 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 252. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13764 . COSPAR: 1983-002D. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.

1983 January 25 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Romb - . Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Carried Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1983 March 15 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • Cosmos 1445 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Buran. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: BOR-4. Duration: 0.0700 days. Decay Date: 1983-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13883 . COSPAR: 1983-017A. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Subscale Spiral spaceplane. After 1.25 revolutions of the earth, deorbited and recovered by Soviet naval forces in the Indian Ocean, 556 km south of the Cocos Islands ..

1983 March 24 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1447 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 13916 . COSPAR: 1983-021A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Carried COSPAS transponder; replaced Cosmos 1226. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; testing of systems for locating the position of ships and aircraft in difficulties (COSPAS-SARSAT system). .

1983 March 30 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1448 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 13949 . COSPAR: 1983-023A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1344..

1983 April 6 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132?/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1450 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13972 . COSPAR: 1983-027A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 357 km (221 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission..

1983 April 12 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1452 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 13991 . COSPAR: 1983-031A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 774 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1371..

1983 April 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1453 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-05-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 14006 . COSPAR: 1983-034A. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 434 km (269 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1983 May 6 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132?/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1459 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14057 . COSPAR: 1983-042A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 941 km (584 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1349..

1983 May 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1463 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1993-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 14075 . COSPAR: 1983-046A. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi). Perigee: 254 km (157 mi). Inclination: 82.8000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Radar calibration mission..

1983 May 24 - . 02:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1464 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14084 . COSPAR: 1983-048A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1295..

1983 May 26 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1465 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1985-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 14087 . COSPAR: 1983-049A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1983 July 6 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1473 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 257. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14171 . COSPAR: 1983-069A. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1474 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 258. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14172 . COSPAR: 1983-069B. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1477 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 261. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14175 . COSPAR: 1983-069E. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1479 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 263. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14177 . COSPAR: 1983-069G. Apogee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1480 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 264. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14178 . COSPAR: 1983-069H. Apogee: 1,519 km (943 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1478 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 262. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14176 . COSPAR: 1983-069F. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1475 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 259. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14173 . COSPAR: 1983-069C. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,429 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1476 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 260. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14174 . COSPAR: 1983-069D. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,446 km (898 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.

1983 August 3 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1486 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 14240 . COSPAR: 1983-079A. Apogee: 794 km (493 mi). Perigee: 775 km (481 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1354..

1983 August 31 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1494 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1985-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 14316 . COSPAR: 1983-091A. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi). Perigee: 309 km (192 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1983 September 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1501 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 14380 . COSPAR: 1983-101A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 437 km (271 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1983 October 5 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1502 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1985-08-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 14395 . COSPAR: 1983-102A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 366 km (227 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission..

1983 October 12 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1503 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 14401 . COSPAR: 1983-103A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1486..

1983 October 26 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1506 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 14450 . COSPAR: 1983-108A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1304..

1983 November 11 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1508 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 14483 . COSPAR: 1983-111A. Apogee: 1,640 km (1,010 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1983 December 8 - . 06:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1513 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14546 . COSPAR: 1983-120A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1417..

1983 December 27 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • Cosmos 1517 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Buran. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: BOR-4. Duration: 0.0500 days. Decay Date: 1983-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 14585 . COSPAR: 1983-125A. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Subscale Spiral spaceplane. In a new mission profile, braked out of orbit over the South Atlantic and was recovered in the Black Sea after one orbit of the Earth..

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia.

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1984 January 5 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1522 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 265. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14611 . COSPAR: 1984-001A. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1524 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 267. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14613 . COSPAR: 1984-001C. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1523 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 266. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14612 . COSPAR: 1984-001B. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1529 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 272. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14618 . COSPAR: 1984-001H. Apogee: 1,512 km (939 mi). Perigee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1526 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 269. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14615 . COSPAR: 1984-001E. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1527 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 270. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14616 . COSPAR: 1984-001F. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1528 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 271. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14617 . COSPAR: 1984-001G. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1525 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 268. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14614 . COSPAR: 1984-001D. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1984 January 11 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1531 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14624 . COSPAR: 1984-003A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 980 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1386..

1984 January 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1534 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14668 . COSPAR: 1984-007A. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 90.90 min. Radar calibration mission..

1984 February 2 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1535 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14679 . COSPAR: 1984-010A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1428..

1984 February 21 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1538 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 14759 . COSPAR: 1984-019A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 769 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1420..

1984 May 11 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132?/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1550 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 14965 . COSPAR: 1984-043A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Csmos 1535..

1984 May 17 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1553 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 14973 . COSPAR: 1984-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1383..

1984 May 28 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1559 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 273. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14998 . COSPAR: 1984-052A. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1565 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 279. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15004 . COSPAR: 1984-052G. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1564 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 278. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15003 . COSPAR: 1984-052F. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1566 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 280. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15005 . COSPAR: 1984-052H. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1563 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 277. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15002 . COSPAR: 1984-052E. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1561 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 275. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15000 . COSPAR: 1984-052C. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1562 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 276. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15001 . COSPAR: 1984-052D. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,453 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1560 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 274. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14999 . COSPAR: 1984-052B. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

1984 June 8 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1570 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 15031 . COSPAR: 1984-056A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 782 km (485 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1452..

1984 June 21 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1574 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 15055 . COSPAR: 1984-062A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1339. Trials of experimental equipment for testing systems to determine the location of vessels and aircraft in distress..

1984 June 27 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1577 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15077 . COSPAR: 1984-067A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1464..

1984 June 28 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1578 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1993-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 15080 . COSPAR: 1984-068A. Apogee: 639 km (397 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1984 July 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 501 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1984 September 13 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1598 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15292 . COSPAR: 1984-100A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1550..

1984 September 27 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1601 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 15326 . COSPAR: 1984-104A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1984 October 11 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1605 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15359 . COSPAR: 1984-109A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1459..

1984 November 15 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1610 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15398 . COSPAR: 1984-118A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1531..

1984 December 19 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • Cosmos 1614 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Buran. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: BOR-4. Duration: 0.0500 days. Decay Date: 1984-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 15442 . COSPAR: 1984-126A. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Last flight of the subscale Spiral spaceplane. Recovered December 19, 1984 5:26 GMT, in the Black Sea after one orbit of the Earth..

1984 December 20 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1615 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1990-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 15446 . COSPAR: 1984-127A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 328 km (203 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1985 January 17 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1624 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 15482 . COSPAR: 1985-006A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 777 km (482 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1570..

1985 February 1 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1627 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15505 . COSPAR: 1985-011A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1448..

1985 February 27 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1631 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 15584 . COSPAR: 1985-018A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1985 March 14 - . 01:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1634 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15597 . COSPAR: 1985-022A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1513..

1985 March 21 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1635 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 281. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15617 . COSPAR: 1985-023A. Apogee: 1,513 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1641 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 287. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15623 . COSPAR: 1985-023G. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1642 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 288. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15624 . COSPAR: 1985-023H. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1637 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 283. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15619 . COSPAR: 1985-023C. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1638 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 284. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15620 . COSPAR: 1985-023D. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,456 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1640 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 286. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15622 . COSPAR: 1985-023F. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1639 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 285. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15621 . COSPAR: 1985-023E. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1636 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 282. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15618 . COSPAR: 1985-023B. Apogee: 1,494 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

1985 April 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 502 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1985 May 30 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1655 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 15751 . COSPAR: 1985-041A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 976 km (606 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1447..

1985 June 19 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1662 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 15833 . COSPAR: 1985-050A. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 386 km (239 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1985 September 4 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1680 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16011 . COSPAR: 1985-079A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 774 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1538..

1985 October 2 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1688 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1988-07-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 16107 . COSPAR: 1985-089A. Apogee: 434 km (269 mi). Perigee: 320 km (190 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1985 October 23 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Parus - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus.

1985 November 28 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1704 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16291 . COSPAR: 1985-110A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1598..

1985 December 19 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1709 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16368 . COSPAR: 1985-116A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1610..

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1986 January 9 - . 02:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. Launch Pad: LC132/2?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1716 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 289. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16449 . COSPAR: 1986-002A. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1718 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 291. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16451 . COSPAR: 1986-002C. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1723 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 296. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16456 . COSPAR: 1986-002H. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1719 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 292. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16452 . COSPAR: 1986-002D. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1717 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 290. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16450 . COSPAR: 1986-002B. Apogee: 1,513 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1721 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 294. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16454 . COSPAR: 1986-002F. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1722 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 295. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16455 . COSPAR: 1986-002G. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1720 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 293. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16453 . COSPAR: 1986-002E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,440 km (890 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.

1986 January 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1725 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16493 . COSPAR: 1986-005A. Apogee: 1,002 km (622 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1577..

1986 January 23 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1727 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 16510 . COSPAR: 1986-008A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1506..

1986 April 17 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1741 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16681 . COSPAR: 1986-030A. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1503..

1986 May 23 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1745 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16727 . COSPAR: 1986-037A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1627..

1986 June 6 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1748 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 297. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16758 . COSPAR: 1986-042A. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1754 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 303. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16764 . COSPAR: 1986-042G. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1752 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 301. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16762 . COSPAR: 1986-042E. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1751 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 300. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16761 . COSPAR: 1986-042D. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1750 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 299. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16760 . COSPAR: 1986-042C. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1753 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 302. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16763 . COSPAR: 1986-042F. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1749 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 298. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16759 . COSPAR: 1986-042B. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1755 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 304. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16765 . COSPAR: 1986-042H. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1986 June 18 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1759 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16798 . COSPAR: 1986-047A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1634..

1986 July 16 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1763 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16860 . COSPAR: 1986-052A. Apogee: 794 km (493 mi). Perigee: 749 km (465 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.30 min.

1986 September 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1776 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 16928 . COSPAR: 1986-067A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1986 September 10 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1777 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16952 . COSPAR: 1986-070A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1624..

1986 October 27 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1788 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1991-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 17050 . COSPAR: 1986-083A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1986 November 13 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1791 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 17066 . COSPAR: 1986-086A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1553. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation..

1986 November 21 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1794 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 305. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17138 . COSPAR: 1986-092A. Apogee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1800 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 311. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17144 . COSPAR: 1986-092G. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1801 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 312. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17145 . COSPAR: 1986-092H. Apogee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,385 km (860 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1796 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 307. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17140 . COSPAR: 1986-092C. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1795 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 306. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17139 . COSPAR: 1986-092B. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1798 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 309. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17142 . COSPAR: 1986-092E. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,428 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1799 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 310. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17143 . COSPAR: 1986-092F. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1797 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 308. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17141 . COSPAR: 1986-092D. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,444 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.

1986 November 24 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1802 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17159 . COSPAR: 1986-093A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1605..

1986 December 17 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1808 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17239 . COSPAR: 1986-100A. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1704, Cosmos 1598..

1986 December 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 503 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1987 January 21 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1814 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 17303 . COSPAR: 1987-006A. Apogee: 799 km (496 mi). Perigee: 763 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1987 January 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1815 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1988-11-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 17326 . COSPAR: 1987-007A. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1987 January 29 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1816 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 17359 . COSPAR: 1987-009A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1987 February 18 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1821 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17525 . COSPAR: 1987-017A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1987 June 9 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1850 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 18095 . COSPAR: 1987-049A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1987 June 16 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1852 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 313. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18113 . COSPAR: 1987-051A. Apogee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1857 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 318. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18118 . COSPAR: 1987-051F. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1853 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 314. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18114 . COSPAR: 1987-051B. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1856 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 317. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18117 . COSPAR: 1987-051E. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,431 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1858 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 319. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18119 . COSPAR: 1987-051G. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1854 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 315. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18115 . COSPAR: 1987-051C. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1859 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 320. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18120 . COSPAR: 1987-051H. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1855 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 316. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18116 . COSPAR: 1987-051D. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,447 km (899 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.

1987 June 23 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1861 - . Payload: Tsikada/RS-10/RS-11. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 18129 . COSPAR: 1987-054A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 981 km (609 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and shipping fleet anywhere at sea; facilitation of amateur radio communication and conduct of experiments for scientific and educational purposes. .

1987 July 6 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1864 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18160 . COSPAR: 1987-057A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1987 July 14 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1868 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1989-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 18192 . COSPAR: 1987-061A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Radar calibration mission..

1987 August 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 504 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1987 October 14 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1891 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18402 . COSPAR: 1987-087A. Apogee: 1,026 km (637 mi). Perigee: 950 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1987 December 1 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: LC133/3?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1898 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 18585 . COSPAR: 1987-098A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 770 km (470 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1987 December 15 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1902 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1988-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 18668 . COSPAR: 1987-103A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 364 km (226 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Radar calibration mission..

1987 December 23 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1904 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18709 . COSPAR: 1987-106A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1988 March 11 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1924 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 321. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18937 . COSPAR: 1988-016A. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1931 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 328. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18944 . COSPAR: 1988-016H. Apogee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1925 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 322. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18938 . COSPAR: 1988-016B. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,460 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1927 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 324. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18940 . COSPAR: 1988-016D. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1930 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 327. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18943 . COSPAR: 1988-016G. Apogee: 1,460 km (900 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1929 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 326. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18942 . COSPAR: 1988-016F. Apogee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Perigee: 1,429 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1926 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 323. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18939 . COSPAR: 1988-016C. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,460 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1928 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 325. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18941 . COSPAR: 1988-016E. Apogee: 1,461 km (907 mi). Perigee: 1,444 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

1988 March 22 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1934 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18985 . COSPAR: 1988-023A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1988 April 5 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1937 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 19038 . COSPAR: 1988-029A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 761 km (472 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1988 June 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 505 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1988 June 21 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1954 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 19256 . COSPAR: 1988-053A. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 772 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.50 min. Outer space research. .

1988 July 14 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1958 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1989-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 19320 . COSPAR: 1988-060A. Apogee: 411 km (255 mi). Perigee: 360 km (220 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Radar calibration mission..

1988 July 18 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1959 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 19324 . COSPAR: 1988-062A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1988 July 28 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1960 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1990-04-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 19338 . COSPAR: 1988-065A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 369 km (229 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1989 January 26 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1992 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 19769 . COSPAR: 1989-005A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 764 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1989 February 14 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2002 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 19800 . COSPAR: 1989-012A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Released 10 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1989 February 22 - . 03:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2004 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 19826 . COSPAR: 1989-017A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 970 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1989 March 24 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2008 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 329. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19902 . COSPAR: 1989-025A. Apogee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2015 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 336. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19909 . COSPAR: 1989-025H. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2012 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 333. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19906 . COSPAR: 1989-025E. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,456 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2013 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 334. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19907 . COSPAR: 1989-025F. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 2014 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 335. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19908 . COSPAR: 1989-025G. Apogee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 2011 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 332. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19905 . COSPAR: 1989-025D. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,439 km (894 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2010 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 331. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19904 . COSPAR: 1989-025C. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2009 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 330. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 19903 . COSPAR: 1989-025B. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.

1989 April 4 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2016 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 19921 . COSPAR: 1989-028A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1989 June 7 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2026 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20045 . COSPAR: 1989-042A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1989 June 14 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2027 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1992-04-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 20064 . COSPAR: 1989-045A. Apogee: 427 km (265 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1989 July 4 - . 15:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 1 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 20103 . COSPAR: 1989-050A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian maritime navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAS/SARSAT search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).


1989 July 25 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2034 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1989-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 20149 . COSPAR: 1989-059A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 12:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2056 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 20432 . COSPAR: 1990-004A. Apogee: 804 km (499 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1990 February 6 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2059 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1990-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 20476 . COSPAR: 1990-012A. Apogee: 1,585 km (984 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 102.70 min. Released 10 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1990 February 27 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 2 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 20508 . COSPAR: 1990-017A. Apogee: 1,018 km (632 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 14 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAR/SARSAT search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).


1990 March 20 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2061 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20527 . COSPAR: 1990-023A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1990 April 6 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2064 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 337. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20549 . COSPAR: 1990-029A. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2069 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 342. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20554 . COSPAR: 1990-029F. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,429 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2065 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 338. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20550 . COSPAR: 1990-029B. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2066 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 339. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20551 . COSPAR: 1990-029C. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,386 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2067 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 340. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20552 . COSPAR: 1990-029D. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 2068 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 341. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20553 . COSPAR: 1990-029E. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 2070 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 343. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20555 . COSPAR: 1990-029G. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2071 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 344. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 20556 . COSPAR: 1990-029H. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.

1990 April 20 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: LC133/3?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2074 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20577 . COSPAR: 1990-036A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation..

1990 April 25 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2075 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1992-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 20581 . COSPAR: 1990-038A. Apogee: 439 km (272 mi). Perigee: 418 km (259 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 93.20 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1990 August 28 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2098 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 20774 . COSPAR: 1990-078A. Apogee: 1,747 km (1,085 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 106.60 min. Radar calibration mission..

1990 September 14 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2100 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 20804 . COSPAR: 1990-083A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1990 December 10 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2112 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 21014 . COSPAR: 1990-111A. Apogee: 807 km (501 mi). Perigee: 764 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1991 January 29 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Oscar 21 - . Payload: Informator s/n 1. Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Informator. USAF Sat Cat: 21087 . COSPAR: 1991-006A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min.

    Prototype satellite for the planned Koskon (Space Conversion) Global Space Communication System. It was planned that the Koskon constellation would consist of a constellation of 32 to 45 satellites in 1997-2001. Also carried amateur radio transponders and performed geological research. Routine communications, collection and relaying of information in the interests of the Ministry of Geology of the USSR and other branches of the country's national economy, and the development of communications between amateur radio-operators.


1991 February 5 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2123 - . Payload: Tsikada/RS-12/RS-13. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 21089 . COSPAR: 1991-007A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 13 of constellation. Testing of components and equipment of a space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and ships of the USSR merchant marine and fishing fleet at any point on the oceans and seas. Two amateur satellite transponders, RS12 and RS13, were secondary payloads on the Cosmos 2123 navigation satellite. These transponders were developed at the Kaluga Electromechanical Plant under the direction of Aleksander Papkov and were launched aboard several satellites by the USSR during 1978-1991.


1991 February 12 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2125 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 345. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21100 . COSPAR: 1991-009A. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2126 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 346. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21101 . COSPAR: 1991-009B. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 2127 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 347. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21102 . COSPAR: 1991-009C. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 2132 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 352. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21107 . COSPAR: 1991-009H. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2131 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 351. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21106 . COSPAR: 1991-009G. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 2130 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 350. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21105 . COSPAR: 1991-009F. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 2129 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 349. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21104 . COSPAR: 1991-009E. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,430 km (880 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2128 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 348. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21103 . COSPAR: 1991-009D. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.

1991 February 26 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2135 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21130 . COSPAR: 1991-013A. Apogee: 1,018 km (632 mi). Perigee: 923 km (573 mi). Inclination: 82.8000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced by Cosmos 2195. Reactivated in August 1993 after Cosmos 2195 failed..

1991 March 12 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 3 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 21152 . COSPAR: 1991-019A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 12 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAS search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).


1991 March 19 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2137 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1995-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 21190 . COSPAR: 1991-021A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 356 km (221 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Radar calibration mission..

1991 April 16 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2142 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21230 . COSPAR: 1991-029A. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 5 of constellation. Signals at 150.03 and 400.07 MHz..

1991 June 11 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2150 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 21418 . COSPAR: 1991-041A. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi). Perigee: 778 km (483 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

1991 June 25 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction - no stable orbit.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Romb - . Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1991 August 22 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2154 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21666 . COSPAR: 1991-059A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1991 October 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2164 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1992-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 21743 . COSPAR: 1991-072A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1991 November 27 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2173 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21796 . COSPAR: 1991-081A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 946 km (587 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation..

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1992 February 17 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2180 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21875 . COSPAR: 1992-008A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 6 of constellation..

1992 March 9 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2181 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 21902 . COSPAR: 1992-012A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 972 km (603 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Tsikada type spacecraft. Determination of the position of ships of the merchant marine and fishing fleet in the world's oceans and seas as part of the Tsikada space navigation system..

1992 April 15 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2184 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21937 . COSPAR: 1992-020A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation..

1992 June 3 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2187 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 353. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21976 . COSPAR: 1992-030A. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2188 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 354. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21977 . COSPAR: 1992-030B. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,388 km (862 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 2189 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 355. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21978 . COSPAR: 1992-030C. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2191 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 357. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21980 . COSPAR: 1992-030E. Apogee: 1,502 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2190 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 356. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21979 . COSPAR: 1992-030D. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,431 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2192 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 358. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21981 . COSPAR: 1992-030F. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 2193 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 359. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21982 . COSPAR: 1992-030G. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,446 km (898 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2194 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 360. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21983 . COSPAR: 1992-030H. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.

1992 July 1 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: LC133/3?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2195 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22006 . COSPAR: 1992-036A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation. Replaced Cosmos 2135. Failed after 12 months in orbit..

1992 August 12 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2208 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 22080 . COSPAR: 1992-053A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 785 km (487 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Still operating in 1995..

1992 October 29 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2218 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22207 . COSPAR: 1992-073A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 3 of constellation..

1993 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1993 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1993 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1993 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1993 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1993 January 12 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2230 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 22307 . COSPAR: 1993-001A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. TSIKADA type spacecraft. Determination of the position of ships of the merchant marine and fishing fleet in the world's oceans and seas as part of the Tsikada space navigation system..

1993 February 9 - . 02:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2233 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22487 . COSPAR: 1993-008A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 5 of constellation. Replaced Cosmos 2142..

1993 April 1 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2239 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22590 . COSPAR: 1993-020A. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation. Replaced Cosmos 2173..

1993 June 16 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2251 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 22675 . COSPAR: 1993-036A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 778 km (483 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 2112. Inactive when it collided with Iridium 33 at 16:56 GMT on 10 February 2009, destroying both satellites and creating a debris cloud im MEO..

1993 October 26 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2265 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 2003-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 22875 . COSPAR: 1993-067A. Apogee: 1,557 km (967 mi). Perigee: 290 km (180 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1993 November 2 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2266 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22888 . COSPAR: 1993-070A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation. Signals at 149.97 and 399.92 MHz..

1994 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1994 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1994 April 26 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2279 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 23092 . COSPAR: 1994-024A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 6 of constellation..

1994 July 14 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 4 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 23179 . COSPAR: 1994-041A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9400 deg. Period: 104.68 min. Carried COSPAS/SARSAT search and rescue package. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 14 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..

1994 August 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2285 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 23189 . COSPAR: 1994-045A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 974 km (605 mi). Inclination: 74.0300 deg. Period: 104.98 min. Radar calibration mission..

1994 September 27 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2292 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 23278 . COSPAR: 1994-061A. Apogee: 1,951 km (1,212 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 82.9900 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Radar calibration mission..

1994 December 20 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2298 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 23431 . COSPAR: 1994-083A. Apogee: 810 km (500 mi). Perigee: 785 km (487 mi). Inclination: 74.0300 deg. Period: 100.83 min. Replaced Cosmos 2150. Final operational constellation was Cosmos 2208, 2251, and 2298..

1995 January 24 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Tsikada - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 23463 . COSPAR: 1995-002A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 13 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150.00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..
  • Astrid - . Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Astrid. USAF Sat Cat: 23464 . COSPAR: 1995-002B. Apogee: 1,027 km (638 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Auroral plasma and auroral imaging..
  • FAISAT - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: FAI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FAISAT. USAF Sat Cat: 23465 . COSPAR: 1995-002C. Apogee: 1,021 km (634 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Store/forward communications..

1995 March 2 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2306 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 2000-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 23501 . COSPAR: 1995-008A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites. Reentered on October 30, 2000..

1995 March 22 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2310 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 23526 . COSPAR: 1995-012A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 980 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation..

1995 July 5 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2315 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 23603 . COSPAR: 1995-032A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 970 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Signals at 150.,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..

1995 October 6 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2321 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. Decay Date: 1997-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 23676 . COSPAR: 1995-052A. Apogee: 754 km (468 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 87.10 min. Second stage anomaly; failed to reach desired orbit; military navigation..

1995 November 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1996 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1996 January 16 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2327 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 23773 . COSPAR: 1996-004A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 950 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation..

1996 April 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2332 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 2005-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 23853 . COSPAR: 1996-025A. Apogee: 1,548 km (961 mi). Perigee: 294 km (182 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 102.70 min. Radar calibration mission..

1996 September 5 - . 12:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2334 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24304 . COSPAR: 1996-052A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation. Signals at 150.03 MHz and 400.08 MHz..
  • Oscar 30 - . Payload: UNAMSAT B. Nation: Mexico. Agency: UNAM. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 24305 . COSPAR: 1996-052B. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min.

1996 December 20 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2336 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24677 . COSPAR: 1996-071A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 979 km (608 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation. Signals at 149.97 and 399.92 MHz..

1997 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1997 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1997 April 17 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2341 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24772 . COSPAR: 1997-017A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 977 km (607 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation. Signals at 149.91 and 399.76 MHz..

1997 September 23 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2346 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24953 . COSPAR: 1997-052A. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Military navigation satellite..
  • FAISAT-2V - . Payload: FAISAT 2V. Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: FAI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FAISAT. USAF Sat Cat: 24954 . COSPAR: 1997-052B. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.40 min.

1998 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1998 December 10 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 5 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 25567 . COSPAR: 1998-072A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 974 km (605 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.
  • Astrid-2 - . Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Astrid 1. Spacecraft: Astrid-2. USAF Sat Cat: 25568 . COSPAR: 1998-072B. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Swedish Space Corporation micro-satellite Astrid-2 was ejected from the Nadezdha 5 COSPAS satellite at 15:25 GMT and was to measure the auroral electromagnetic fields and particle environment..

1998 December 24 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2361 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 25590 . COSPAR: 1998-076A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. A Parus navigation satellite in the same orbital plane as Cosmos 2233..

1999 April 28 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • ABRIXAS - . Mass: 470 kg (1,030 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ABRIXAS. USAF Sat Cat: 25721 . COSPAR: 1999-022A. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 48.4500 deg. Period: 92.57 min. X-ray astronomy satellite with the mission to carry out an all-sky survey in the 1-10 keV band. The satellite's battery failed and contact was lost on May 1..
  • Megsat-0 - . Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: MegSat. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Megsat. Decay Date: 2003-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 25722 . COSPAR: 1999-022B. Apogee: 597 km (370 mi). Perigee: 544 km (338 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. A small technology satellite which carried an experimental high rate data transmission payload..

1999 August 26 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2366 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 25892 . COSPAR: 1999-045A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

1999 August 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

2000 June 28 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 26384 . COSPAR: 2000-033A. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 686 km (426 mi). Inclination: 98.1366 deg. Period: 98.66 min. Nadezhda navigation/search and rescue satellite. This represented the first sun-synchronous launch from Plesetsk..
  • Tsinghua - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: China. Agency: Tsinghua. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 26385 . COSPAR: 2000-033B. Apogee: 713 km (443 mi). Perigee: 687 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.1397 deg. Period: 98.68 min.

    Tsinghua University of Beijing satellite equipped with an imager, communications payload, and momentum wheels for 3-axis stabilisation. The 50 kg, 0.69 x 0.36 x 0.36m box-shaped satellite used a standard Surrey SSTL microsat bus.Tsinghua-1 was the first demonstrator for the planned Disaster Monitoring Constellation and carried a multi-spectral Earth imaging camera providing 39-metre nadir ground resolution in 3 spectral bands. The satellite also carried out research in low Earth orbit using digital store-and-forward communications, a digital signal processing (DSP) experiment, a Surrey-built GPS space receiver and a new 3-axis microsat attitude control experiment. Tsinghua-1 used the SGR-10, with 12 channels and equipped with two receive antennas, to investigate the use of GPS signals in microsat on-board attitude and orbit determination. In October 2000 Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) released a picture of Tsinghua-1 taken in orbit by the SNAP-1 6.5 kg nanosatellite.

  • SNAP 1 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-10. USAF Sat Cat: 26386 . COSPAR: 2000-033C. Apogee: 710 km (441 mi). Perigee: 691 km (429 mi). Inclination: 98.1358 deg. Period: 98.70 min.

    The SNAP-1 Surrey Nanosatellite Applications Platform was a 6 kg satellite with imager and propulsion. It was to test rendezvous techniques by formation flying with the Tsinghua satellite placed in orbit on the same launch. In October 2000 Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) released a picture of Tsinghua-1 taken in orbit by the SNAP-1 6.5 kg nanosatellite.


2000 July 15 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • MITA - . Mass: 170 kg (370 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Carlo Gavazzi. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MITA. Decay Date: 2001-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 26404 . COSPAR: 2000-039A. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 422 km (262 mi). Inclination: 87.2633 deg. Period: 93.48 min. MITA was an Italian Space Agency experimental microsatellite built by Carlo Gavazzi Space of Milano and carried the NINA particle detector and an experimental attitude control system..
  • CHAMP - . Mass: 522 kg (1,150 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Jena. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: CHAMP. Decay Date: 2010-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 26405 . COSPAR: 2000-039B. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 87.2591 deg. Period: 93.22 min. CHAMP was a geophysics research satellite operated by GFZ, Potsdam, to study the earth's magnetic and gravitational field..
  • Rubin - . Nation: Germany. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. Decay Date: 2001-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 26406 . COSPAR: 2000-039C. Apogee: 463 km (288 mi). Perigee: 411 km (255 mi). Inclination: 87.2558 deg. Period: 93.23 min. Rubin was a microsatellite to measure launch vehicle parameters developed by OHB and students of the Hochschule Bremen. Rubin remained attached to the payload adapter of the Kosmos-3M final stage..

2000 November 20 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Second stage failed to restart at apogee.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • QuickBird 1 - . Mass: 950 kg (2,090 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DigitalGlobe. Manufacturer: Ball. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: BCP-2000. Decay Date: 2000-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 26617 . COSPAR: 2000-074A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 80 km (49 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 91.49 min.

    The Kosmos-3M second stage entered an 81 x 614 km x 65.8 deg orbit but failed to restart at apogee, and reentered at the next perigee over Uruguay. The loss of the QuickBird 1 satellite was a heavy blow to EarthWatch Inc. QuickBird1 was a 1-m resolution commerical imaging satellite using a Ball Aerospace BCP-2000 bus. Their earlier satellite, EarlyBird, failed after a few days in orbit in December 1997. EarthWatch's rival, SpaceImaging, lost one satellite as well but its second Ikonos was operating in orbit.


2001 June 8 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2378 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 26818 . COSPAR: 2001-023A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Launch delayed from April 26/27. Parus class navigation satellite, placed initially in a 150 x 1000 km transfer orbit; the second stage of the Kosmos-3M ignited again for a short 11 second burn to put the satellite in its final orbit. This was the first Kosmos-3M flight since a failure in November 2000.


2002 May 28 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2389 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 27436 . COSPAR: 2002-026A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    The Kosmos-3M rocket entered a transfer orbit of about 150 x 1000 km x 83 deg at about 1823 UTC; a second burn at apogee around 1905 UTC circularized the orbit at 950 x 1016 km. The Parus navigation satellite was placed in Plane 4, probably replacing Cosmos 2336; it was between the planes of Cosmos 2366 and Cosmos 2361.


2002 July 8 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2390 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27464 . COSPAR: 2002-036A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

    The Kosmos-3M rocket launched a pair of Russian Defense Ministry Strela-3 communications relay satellites. Previously Strela-3 satellites were launched in groups of six aboard Tsiklon rockets into 1390 x 1415 km orbits, significantly lower than this new profile. Strela-3 satellites were used by the GRU intelligence agency.

  • Cosmos 2391 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27465 . COSPAR: 2002-036B. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

2002 September 26 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda-M - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 27534 . COSPAR: 2002-046A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 82.9341 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Nadezhda 7, also called Nadezhda -M, was a Russian navigational satellite. It was to participate in the international search and rescue (SAR) network known as COSPAS-SARSAT, for ships at sea..

2002 November 28 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • ALSAT-1 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Algeria. Agency: NCST. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Alsat. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 27559 . COSPAR: 2002-054A. Apogee: 745 km (462 mi). Perigee: 681 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.00 min.

    Delayed from September 12, October 29. ALSAT 1 was an Algerian imaging minisatellite. The 90-kg satellite was the first part of an international Disaster Monitoring System (DMS) for alerting natural/man-made disasters. ALSAT was built by Surrey Satellite for the CNTS (Centre National des Techniques Spatiales) in Algiers. It carriee a 32-m resolution 3-band imager, a 100 mN resistojet thruster for small orbit corrections, and a GPS receiver. The SSTL Microsat-100 class satellite was a 0.60m cube with a 6m gravity gradient boom. As well as gravity gradient stabilization, it used a momentum wheel to improve stability for imaging.

  • Mozhaets - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: NCST. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 27560 . COSPAR: 2002-054B. Apogee: 746 km (463 mi). Perigee: 683 km (424 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.10 min.

    Delayed from September 12, October 29. Mozhaets was a Russian experimental, 90-kg minisatellite. It was designed and built by the cadets and teachers of a military space academy to learn about spacecraft operations. It may have been based on the Strela-1M small communications satellite bus. It included a GLONASS/GPS receiver, a particle detector, and an amateur radio payload.

  • Rubin-3-DSI - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: NCST. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot, Bremen. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 27561 . COSPAR: 2002-054C. Apogee: 748 km (464 mi). Perigee: 687 km (426 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.10 min.

    Delayed from September 12, October 29. Rubin-3-DSI, with a mass of 45 kg, was built by PO Polyot of Omsk (builders of the Kosmos-3M) and OHB System of Bremen. It remained attached to the booster final stage and measured the launch vehicle environment and performance


2003 June 4 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2398 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 27818 . COSPAR: 2003-023A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 970 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.

2003 August 19 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2400 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27868 . COSPAR: 2003-037A. Apogee: 1,501 km (932 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2401 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27869 . COSPAR: 2003-037B. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

2003 September 27 - . 06:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Bilsat 1 (BiltenSat, Tubitak 1, DMC-Turkey) - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Turkey. Agency: Tubitak-Bilten. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Earth. Type: Disaster monitoring satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 27940 . COSPAR: 2003-042B. Apogee: 695 km (431 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.

    Three disaster monitoring DMC satellites (BILSAT-1, NigeriaSat-1 and UK-DMC) were lofted in a single Kosmos launch. They joined the first DMC satellite, AlSAT-1, which was launched into a 686 km sun-synchronous low Earth orbit in November 2002, to provide a worldwide daily imaging capability. The spacecraft were 3-axis stabilised nadir-pointing. The imaging payload was a 32-metre resolution GSD multispectral wide-swath Earth imaging cameras and a12-metre GSD panchromatic camera. The Kosmos rocket delivered the satellites into orbit with a precision about an order of magnitude better than the maximum allowable - placing the satellites into orbit with a semi-major axis accurate to within 700 metres and just 300 metres from that of AlSAT-1. Bilsat 1 was built for TUBITAK-ODTU-BILTEN, the Information Technology and Electronics Research Institute of the Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

  • Rubin 4-DSI - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 27945 . COSPAR: 2003-042G. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.

    RUBIN-4-dsi remained attached to the Kosmos launch vehicle final stage. The orbital telematics experiment transmited information on the rocketís acceleration, vibration load and position via e-mail using the Orbcomm satellite communications system. In this way, it will be possible to track the rocket in orbit reliably and without any data loss. RUBIN-4-dsi was the fourth micro-satellite from the RUBIN series developed and maintained by OHB.

  • BNSCSat 1 (DMC-UK) - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: BNSC. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Earth. Type: Disaster monitoring satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 27941 . COSPAR: 2003-042C. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.
  • NigeriaSat 1 (DMC-Nigeria) - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Nigeria. Agency: NSRDA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Earth. Type: Disaster monitoring satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 27942 . COSPAR: 2003-042D. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.
  • Mozhaets 4 - . Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Mozhaiskiy. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 27943 . COSPAR: 2003-042E. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. A modified NPO-PM Strela-1M satellite carrying experiments built by students at the Mozhaiskiy space engineering academy..
  • Larets - . Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Education satellite. Spacecraft: Larets. USAF Sat Cat: 27944 . COSPAR: 2003-042F. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. No information publicly released. TASS claimed this was a radar calibration satellite..
  • STSat 1 (KaistSat 4, Uribyol 4) - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KAIST. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STSat. USAF Sat Cat: 27939 . COSPAR: 2003-042A. Apogee: 696 km (432 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Launch delayed from July 28, September 26. Payloads included the FUV Imaging Spectrograph (FIMS); Solid State Telescope (SST); Data Collection System (DCS); and Narrow Angle Star Sensor (NAST)..

2004 July 22 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2407 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28380 . COSPAR: 2004-028A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min.

2004 September 23 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2408 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28419 . COSPAR: 2004-037A. Apogee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. Launch to replenish Strela-3 military store-dump communications satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2409 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28420 . COSPAR: 2004-037B. Apogee: 1,494 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

2005 January 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2414 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28521 . COSPAR: 2005-002A. Apogee: 968 km (601 mi). Perigee: 908 km (564 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation, replacement for Cosmos 2239?.
  • Universitetskiy - . Payload: Tatyana. Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Universitetskiy. USAF Sat Cat: 28523 . COSPAR: 2005-002C. Apogee: 969 km (602 mi). Perigee: 911 km (566 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.80 min.

    Student satellite for radiation studies, ejected from Cosmos 2414. The satellite was built by students at MGU (Moskovskiy Gosudarstvenniy Universitet) for the university's 250th anniversary, and was nicknamed 'Tatyana' since the university's anniversary day is St. Tatyana's day


2005 October 27 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Topsat - . Payload: Heavily modified Surrey MicroSat-100. Mass: 108 kg (238 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Qinetiq. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 28891 . COSPAR: 2005-043B. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Delayed from May 18, mid-July, August 25, September 27 and 30, 2005. UK military surveillance research satellite..
  • Beijing-1 - . Payload: Tsinghua 2, China-DMC+4, Modified MicroSat-100. Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: China. Agency: KVR. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-150. USAF Sat Cat: 28890 . COSPAR: 2005-043A. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min.

    Beijing-1 carried a 31-cm focal-length cartographic telescope with a resolution of 4 meters. It was to be part of the international Disaster Monitoring Constellation. Operated by Tsinghua University for Beijing Landview Mapping Information Technology Ltd.

  • Sinah-1 - . Mass: 160 kg (350 lb). Nation: Iran. Agency: AKO Polyot. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 28893 . COSPAR: 2005-043D. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min.

    First Iranian satellite, with an experimental surveillance camera payload. It may have used the Russian Polyot enterprise's Sterkh satellite bus. The same bus was to be used in future Nadezhda satellites. The Strekh bus was said to accomodate 80-100 kg satellites, and be 1.0 m high and 0.4 m in diameter, with a design life of 5 years. Sinah was 160 kg, and 0.8 x 1.3 x 1.6 m in dimensions. Or it may have been a version of the previously-announced satellite dubbed Mesbah-2.

  • SSETI Express - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: SSETI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSETI Express. USAF Sat Cat: 28894 . COSPAR: 2005-043E. Apogee: 708 km (439 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Student-built technology satellite sponsored by the European Space Agency. It ejected three 1-kg Cubesats after separating from the booster, but then itself lost power less than 14 hours later..
  • Mozhaets 5 - . Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Mozhaiskiy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 28898 . COSPAR: 2005-043G. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Experimental satellite built by students at the Mozhaiskiy Military Academy and carrying a laser communications experiment. It failed to separate from the rocket final stage and no communications were ever established with it..
  • UWE-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: BJMU. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 28892 . COSPAR: 2005-043C. Apogee: 708 km (439 mi). Perigee: 683 km (424 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. University of Wurzburg 1U cubesat. Released from SSETI Express. Mission: Technology / Communications. Failed. Contact lost on 17 November.
  • NCube-2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Norway. Agency: Norsk Romsenter. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 28898 . COSPAR: 2005-043G. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Norwegian 1U cubesat for ARR/NSC. Evidently was released from SSETI Express but no signal received..
  • Cubesat XI-V - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Tokyo. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 28895 . COSPAR: 2005-043F. Apogee: 708 km (439 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. University of Tokyo cubesat. Released from SSETI Express..
  • Rubin-5 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 28898 . COSPAR: 2005-043G. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Technology/communications payload attached to the Kosmos 3M's upper stage It used the Orbcomm satellite system to return data to earth. Rubin-5 included the AATiS SAFIR-S amateur transponder and the ESA ASOLANT solar-powered GPS antenna experiment..

2005 December 21 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Gonets D1M 1 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-3. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 28908 . COSPAR: 2005-048A. Apogee: 1,447 km (899 mi). Perigee: 1,437 km (892 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Delayed from December 15. Civilian version of Strela-3 store-dump survivable military satellite..
  • Cosmos 2416 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28909 . COSPAR: 2005-048B. Apogee: 1,448 km (899 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. Russian military satellite dubbed Rodnik, possibly a new design to replace the Strela-3 in the store-dump survivable communications satellite constellation..

2006 April 22 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107?/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • PBS test 2 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

2006 December 19 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SAR-Lupe 1 - . Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: BWB. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 29658 . COSPAR: 2006-060A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 467 km (290 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. First of five planned German military surveillance satellites using synthetic aperture radar for target coverage at night and in all weathers. Orbital plane ascending node 143 deg..

2007 July 2 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SAR-Lupe 2 - . Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: BWB. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 31797 . COSPAR: 2007-030A. Apogee: 508 km (315 mi). Perigee: 470 km (290 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Second of five planned German military surveillance satellites using synthetic aperture radar for target coverage at night and in all weathers. Orbital plane ascending node 208 deg..

2007 September 11 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2429 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 32052 . COSPAR: 2007-038A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite. Replenishment launch for Russian navigation satellite constellation. Six satellites were needed to maintain minimum operational capability..

2007 November 1 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SAR-Lupe 3 - . Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 32283 . COSPAR: 2007-053A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Third SAR-Lupe radar satellite. The final stage also carried a small Automatic Identification System package by OHB/Bremen, designed to test a system for monitoring shipping traffic. Orbital plane ascending node 272 deg..

2008 March 27 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SAR-Lupe 4 - . Mass: 730 kg (1,600 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 32750 . COSPAR: 2008-014A. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 471 km (292 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Fourth of five planned German military surveillance satellites using synthetic aperture radar for target coverage at night and in all weathers. Orbital plane ascending node 143 deg, same plane as SAR-Lupe 1..

2008 June 19 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Orbcomm FM 38 - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 33060 . COSPAR: 2008-031A. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 660 km (410 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Orbcomm FM 41 - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 33061 . COSPAR: 2008-031B. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 661 km (410 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Orbcomm FM 29 - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MicroStar. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 33062 . COSPAR: 2008-031C. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 661 km (410 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Orbcomm FM 39 - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 33063 . COSPAR: 2008-031D. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 661 km (410 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Orbcomm FM 37 - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 33064 . COSPAR: 2008-031E. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 661 km (410 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Orbcomm FM 40 - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 33065 . COSPAR: 2008-031F. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 661 km (410 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.

2008 July 22 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SAR-Lupe 5 - . Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 33244 . COSPAR: 2008-036A. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Fifth German SAR-Lupe radar surveillance satellite..

2009 July 21 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2454 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 35635 . COSPAR: 2009-039A. Apogee: 944 km (586 mi). Perigee: 918 km (570 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.
  • Sterkh - . Mass: 160 kg (350 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Search and rescue satellite. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 35636 . COSPAR: 2009-039B. Apogee: 944 km (586 mi). Perigee: 917 km (569 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min. First Sterkh search-and-rescue satellite. Russia moved the COSPAS-SARSAT search and rescue system previously installed on Nadezhda navigation satellites to a dedicated platform..

2010 April 27 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2463 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 36519 . COSPAR: 2010-017A. Apogee: 1,023 km (635 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2017 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use