Encyclopedia Astronautica
Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z

Taifun-1
Taifun-1A
Taifun-1A
Credit: Yuzhnoye
Ukrainian military target satellite. From 1969 KB Yuzhnoye built the Lira targets for exercise and test of PVO air defense and space tracking systems.

AKA: 11F633; 5MV; Vektor. Status: Operational 1974. First Launch: 1974-06-18. Last Launch: 1994-09-27. Number: 25 . Height: 2.00 m (6.50 ft). Span: 2.00 m (6.50 ft).

The second generation consisted of Taifun-1 and Taifun-2 satellites, which differed in the type of equipment installed. Taifun-2 would release up to 25 Romb sub-satellites, while Taifun-1 did not. In 1972 KB-3 under B E Khimrov, with the co-operation of assisting organizations and the Ministry of Defense, completed the draft project. The first Taifun-1 was completed in 1974, and flight trials were conducted in the second half of the 1970's using Kosmos-3M launch vehicles from Plesetsk and Kapustin Yar. The heads of the State Trials Commission were B N Karpov, N N Zhukov, and B G Zudin. Vektor satellites were spherical in shape, about 2 m in diameter, the surface covered with solar cells and equipped with four antennae.

Family: Military, Military target sat, Surveillance. Country: Ukraine. Launch Vehicles: R-14, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 11K65M. Launch Sites: Plesetsk, Plesetsk LC132/2, Plesetsk LC132/1, Plesetsk LC133/3. Agency: MO, Yuzhnoye. More at: 13252, 13251. Bibliography: 102, 2, 445, 474, 6.


Photo Gallery

Taifun-1BTaifun-1B
Credit: KB Yuzhnoye


Cosmos 2027Cosmos 2027
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1971 February 1 - .
  • Taifun-1 accepted into military service. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the Taifun-1 into armaments' was issued..

1974 June 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 660 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 7337 . COSPAR: 1974-044A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 383 km (237 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Radar calibration mission..

1974 October 11 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 687 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7469 . COSPAR: 1974-076A. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 286 km (177 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1975 July 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 752 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 8043 . COSPAR: 1975-069A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 481 km (298 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1976 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 807 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 8744 . COSPAR: 1976-022A. Apogee: 1,568 km (974 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Radar calibration mission..

1976 May 28 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 822 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 8865 . COSPAR: 1976-049A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1977 February 2 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 891 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-02-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 9801 . COSPAR: 1977-006A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 472 km (293 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1977 July 19 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 930 - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1980-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 10149 . COSPAR: 1977-067A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 482 km (299 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Radar calibration mission..

1977 July 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 933 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 10157 . COSPAR: 1977-070A. Apogee: 431 km (267 mi). Perigee: 369 km (229 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1978 May 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1006 - . Mass: 1,120 kg (2,460 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1979-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 10862 . COSPAR: 1978-046A. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1979 February 8 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1075 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-10-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11262 . COSPAR: 1979-010A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1980 March 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1169 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1983-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11741 . COSPAR: 1980-023A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1981 January 16 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1238 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 12138 . COSPAR: 1981-003A. Apogee: 1,706 km (1,060 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 106.20 min. Radar calibration mission..

1981 April 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1263 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 12388 . COSPAR: 1981-033A. Apogee: 1,684 km (1,046 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.90 min. Radar calibration mission..

1981 September 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1310 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1989-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 12852 . COSPAR: 1981-095A. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Radar calibration mission..

1983 April 6 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132?/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1450 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13972 . COSPAR: 1983-027A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 357 km (221 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission..

1983 November 11 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1508 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 14483 . COSPAR: 1983-111A. Apogee: 1,640 km (1,010 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1984 January 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1534 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14668 . COSPAR: 1984-007A. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 90.90 min. Radar calibration mission..

1985 February 27 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1631 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 15584 . COSPAR: 1985-018A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1986 October 27 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1788 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1991-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 17050 . COSPAR: 1986-083A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1987 December 15 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1902 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1988-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 18668 . COSPAR: 1987-103A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 364 km (226 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Radar calibration mission..

1988 July 14 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1958 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1989-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 19320 . COSPAR: 1988-060A. Apogee: 411 km (255 mi). Perigee: 360 km (220 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Radar calibration mission..

1989 June 14 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2027 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1992-04-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 20064 . COSPAR: 1989-045A. Apogee: 427 km (265 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1990 August 28 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2098 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 20774 . COSPAR: 1990-078A. Apogee: 1,747 km (1,085 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 106.60 min. Radar calibration mission..

1994 August 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2285 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 23189 . COSPAR: 1994-045A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 974 km (605 mi). Inclination: 74.0300 deg. Period: 104.98 min. Radar calibration mission..

1994 September 27 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2292 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 23278 . COSPAR: 1994-061A. Apogee: 1,951 km (1,212 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 82.9900 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Radar calibration mission..


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2016 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use