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Military
Category of spacecraft.



Subtopics

SJ-7 Chinese maneuverable military satellites, believed to have an interceptor / inspector / antisatellite mission. Launched from Jiuquan by the CZ-2D launch vehicle into 600 km, 97.7 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits.

STSS Space Tracking and Surveillance System for missile launch and flight monitoring using infrared sensors Early warning satellite built by Northrop Grumman Space Technology (ex TRW) (prime); Raytheon (sensors) for Missile Defense Agency (MDA) through the U.S. Air Force Space & Missile Systems Center (SMC),, USA. Launched 2009.

SAINT American military anti-satellite system. Cancelled 1963.

Early Spring American military anti-satellite system. Studied from 1960, officially cancelled, but possibly developed further as a black program. Early Spring was a conventional ASAT launched by Polaris missiles from US Navy ballistic missile submarines.

SURCAL American military target satellite. Calibration satellite for NRL, USA. Launched 1962-1965.

Program 505 American military anti-satellite system. Operational 1962 to 1966. America's first ASAT system was Program 505, which used prototype Nike Zeus DM-15S anti-ballistic missiles, operated from Kwajalein Atoll by the U.S. Army.

DS-P1 Ukrainian military target satellite. Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems. Radar calibration satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1962 - 1964.

LAMPO American military target satellite. Radar calibration satellite, USA. Launched 1963.

8K513 Russian anti-satellite missile. ASAT version. Little has emerged about Korolev's ASAT project, designed in competition with Chelomei's in 1961-1964.

ASAT American anti-satellite missile. The ASAT air-launched anti-satellite missile was developed by Vought in response to a 1977 Air Force requirement for a missile that could be launched from an F-15A fighter yet was capable of intercepting and destroying enemy satellites in low earth orbit. Four of five tests were successful before the program was cancelled in 1988.

Polyot Russian military anti-satellite system. First prototype model of Chelomei's ASAT, used in an interceptor control and propulsion test. ASAT technology satellite, Russia. Launched 1963.

Bambi American military anti-ballistic missile satellite. Cancelled 1963. BAllistic Missile Boost Intercept ABM system, cancelled May 1963.

Program 437 America's second operational anti-satellite system, launched on sub-orbital trajectories by Thor LV-2D's operated by the US Air Force from Johnson Atoll in the Pacific. Operational 1964-1970.

DS-P1-Yu Ukrainian military target satellite. Development of systems for air defense and the control of outer space. Radar calibration satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1964 - 1976.

Calsphere American military target satellite. Radar calibration objects (but also cover for other classified subsatellites). Radar calibration satellite for Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), USA. Launched 1962-1967.

11F611 Russian military satellite. Unknown mission.

11F75 Russian military satellite. Unknown mission.

OGCh Russian military orbital bombing system. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System (FOBS) test satellite, Russia. Launched 1966 - 1971.

DODECAPOLE American military target satellite.

LCS American military target satellite. Aluminum sphere used for radar calibration. Radar Calibration satellite built by Rohr Corp. for Lincoln Laboratory, USA. Launched 1965 - 1971.

Tempsat American military target satellite. Surveillance Calibration; black 14 inch diameter. sphere.

INSATRAC American military anti-satellite system. Study 1965. Follow-on to SAINT anti-satellite. No information available beyond the name.

DS-P1-I Ukrainian military target satellite. Operational radar target for the ABM forces. Radar calibration satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1966 - 1977.

Bluebell American military target satellite. Calibration satellite operated by US Air Force, USA. Launched 1966.

IS-A Russian military anti-satellite system. First operational ASAT. Tested in 1967-1971 and deployed through the late 1970's. Design as revised by Yangel and Korolev from Chelomei's original. ASAT satellite built by TsNII Kometa, Russia. Launched 1976 - 1982.

IS-P Russian military anti-satellite system target satellite. ASAT Target, launched by R-36. Evidently a derivative of the first IS-A ASAT itself.

Program 922 American military anti-satellite system. Study 1968. Program 922 was a non-nuclear sub-orbital ASAT in development in the late 1960's.

SOICAL American military target satellite.

DS-P1-M Ukrainian military anti-satellite system target satellite. Target for IS ASAT systems tests. ASAT target satellite built by OKB-586, Russia. Launched 1970 - 1982.

Cannonball American military target satellite.

Rigidsphere American military target satellite.

Romb Russian military target satellite. Study 1971. Radar reflective subsatellites, released by Taifun-1, Taifun-2, and Taifun-3 spacecraft, for calibration of PVO air and space defense radars.

Skynet British military communications satellite network. Military communication satellite built by Marconi Space and Defence Systems for MoD, UK. Launched 1974. Used Skynet-2 Bus.

S73-7 Cal Balloon American military target satellite.

Taifun-1 Ukrainian military target satellite. From 1969 KB Yuzhnoye built the Lira targets for exercise and test of PVO air defense and space tracking systems. Radar calibration satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1974 - 1994.

SPIKE American military anti-satellite system. Study 1975. Project SPIKE was a 1970's suborbital conventional warhead ASAT air-launched from an F-106 interceptor. Considerable work was done from the early 1970s under the Missile and Space Defense Program.

Taifun-2 Ukrainian military target satellite. In 1969 KB Yuzhnoye introduced targets for exercise and test of PVO air defense and space tracking systems. Radar calibration satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1976 - 1995. Used AUOS-3 bus.

Conventional ASAT American military anti-satellite system. Study 1978. In May 1978, the US Joint Chiefs of Staff issued a priority list of potential Soviet target satellites for the MHV hit-to-kill ASAT then under development.

USB Russian military anti-satellite system. Study 1978. As platforms for operational versions of space-borne weapons NPO Energia designed a Universal Service Block, based on the DOS-7K space station, in the late 1970's/early 1980's.

Taifun-1Yu Ukrainian military target satellite. The Taifun-1Yu, a modification of the basic design with smooth calibration surfaces, was to be in service by 1980. Launched 1979 - 1996.

SPAS American military strategic defense satellite.

Terra-3 Russian military anti-satellite system. Study 1984. OKB Vympel was the systems integrator for ground-based laser systems.

NUSAT American military target satellite. Air traffic control radar calibration. Technology satellite, USA. Launched 1985.

ITV American military anti-satellite system target satellite. Instrumented Target Vehicle - a satellite balloon target for tests of the American F-15 launched ASAT anti-satellite missile. ASAT target satellite built by AVCO corporation for USAF, USA. Launched 1985.

RP Russian military anti-satellite system. Study 1985. For interception of enemy ICBM's during boost phase NPO Energia developed a space based rocket interceptor (RP) similar to American 'Brilliant Pebble' systems.

SDI American military strategic defense satellite. SDIO sensor tests.

Koltso Russian military target satellite. Cosmos 1786. Calibration mission. Tentatively identified as third generation replacement for Taifun-2, perhaps to have been launched by the Tsyklon 3 launch vehicle. Radar calibration satellite built by Yuzhnoye, Russia. Launched 1988 - 1990.

Polyus Russian military anti-satellite system. The Polyus military test bed was put together on a crash basis as an answer to America's Star Wars program. Missile defence technology satellite, Russia. Launched 1987.

Tyulpan Russian military anti-satellite system target satellite. Study 1987. ASAT target designed to be released and tracked by sensors in original design of Mir Spektr module. May also have been the ASAT targets carried aboard the Polyus star wars test bed.

Zenith Star American military anti-satellite system. Study 1987. In 1987, the Zenith Star prototype space combat satellite prototype, using the Alpha laser, was announced by President Bush. The launch vehicle would be the Barbarian.

Taifun-3 Russian military target satellite. Specifications for a third generation Taifun-3 system were developed in 1980 with flight trials to have started in 1984.

KS space station Russian military orbital bombing system. Study 1988. To co-ordinate the actions of multiple space combat units, NPO Energia proposed in the 1980's a KS space station.

KE ASAT American military anti-satellite system. Study 1989. In 1989 the US Army began a demonstration/validation program to develop a direct ascent kinetic energy ASAT for US forces.

LACE American military strategic defense satellite. USA 51. The Low-power Atmospheric Compensation Experiment was part of a dual payload with RME carrying laser defense experiments. SDI Experiments satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for SDIO, USA. Launched 1990.

RME American military strategic defense satellite. USA 52. The Relay Mirror Experiment (RME) was launched as a dual payload with LACE. SDI Experiments satellite built by Ball Aerospace for SDIO, USA. Launched 1990.

Gun-Launched ASAT American military anti-satellite system. Study 1990. One of the applications of the superguns Gerald Bull was designing for Iraq would have been firing of an anti-satellite shell that would have blinded Western spy satellites with a sticky material.

IS-MU Russian military anti-satellite system. Reportedly deployed in 1990. Improved modernized ASAT/ABM. Reportedly deployed in 1980's without flight test, replacing IS-A. Accepted into military service in 1991. ASAT satellite built by TsNII Kometa, USSR.

CRO American military strategic defense satellite. Chemical release in orbit satellite built by DSI for SDIO, USA. Launched 1991.

Losat American military strategic defense satellite. Test flight of DOD sensors; Low Altitude Satellite Experiment. SDI Experiments satellite built by Ball Aerospace for SDIO, USA. Launched 1991. Used Quickstar Bus.

Star Lite American military anti-satellite system. Study 1991. In 1991 the Star Lite space laser experiment was made public. Star Lite would weigh half that of the previously planned Zenith Star with a launch mass of 16.

MSTI American military strategic defense satellite. BMDO technology demonstration; Miniature Seeker Technology Demonstration. Research satellite built by Spectrum Astro for SDIO, USA. Launched 1992. Used the SA-200S bus.

Spektr - Original Russian military anti-satellite system. Study 1989. Chelomei designed a spacecraft bus for space based weapons based on his TKS space tug. This was an alternate / competitive design to the NPO Energia USB.

Radcal American military target satellite. Radar calibration. Radar calibration satellite built by DSI for USAF STP (Space Test Program), USA. Launched 1993.

ODERACS American military target satellite. Orbital Debris Radar Calibration Spheres were small, low-earth orbiting calibration targets for ground based radar and optical systems. The primary objective was to calibrate the Haystack Long Range Imaging Radar and validate the Johnson Space Center's Orbital Debris Analysis System. Radar calibration satellite operated by NASA Goddard, USA. Launched 1992 - 1995.

TAOS American military strategic defense satellite. USA 101. TAOS was a technology demonstration satellite whose purpose was to demonstrate autonomous space navigation systems to reduce satellite ground support needs.

Eagle American military strategic defense satellite. Technology satellite built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) => Orbital ATK for AFRL, USA. Used Eagle-Bus ESPA (ESPAStar).

STEP Space Test Experiment Program; series of USAF technology test satellites.

HERTF American military anti-satellite system. Study 1995.

MSX American military strategic defense satellite. SDI / BMD Experiments satellite built by Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) for BMDO (formerly SDIO), USA. Launched 1996. Used 3-Axis stabilized bus, 2 solar panels.

Space Laser Demo American military anti-satellite system. Study 1996. By 1996 the Star Lite space laser was replaced by the more refined and slightly heavier SLD (Space Laser Demo), weighing 17.4 metric tons). Two versions of the 20 meter long spacecraft were envisioned.

Space Based Laser American military anti-satellite system. Study 1996. The Operational SBLOV (Space Based Laser Orbital Vehicle) was the final space based chemical laser system envisioned at the end of the SDI / Star Wars program.

Mitex American military anti-satellite system. 3 launched, 2006.06.21 (USA 187) to (USA 189). Technology satellite built by Orbital Sciences Corp. (OSC) for DARPA, USA. Launched 2006. Used the Aquila-Bus bus.

Chinese ASAT Chinese military anti-satellite system. Study 2007. On 11 January 2007 a Chinese homing vehicle launched by a ballistic missile from Xichang intercepted and destroyed a Chinese FY-1C satellite at 850 km altitude.

Projects: DSCS, Orlets, Resurs. Agency: NATO.

1962 June 30 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 6 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-07-06 . Decay Date: 1962-09-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 338 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Delta-1. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1963 April 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1963 August 6 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 19 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 3. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1964-03-29 . Decay Date: 1964-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 632 . COSPAR: 1963-033A. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1963 November 1 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Sputnik 11A59.
  • Polet 1; Polyot 1 - . Payload: I-2B s/n 1. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Agency: Korolev bureau. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: Polyot. Decay Date: 1982-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 683 . COSPAR: 1963-043A. Apogee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Perigee: 331 km (205 mi). Inclination: 58.9000 deg. Period: 102.40 min.

    ASAT interceptor control and propulsion test. Launched by Korolev R-7 because Chelomei's own UR-200 was not yet available. Purpose - elaboration of system providing for the extensive manoeuvring of space apparatuses. Flight was considered a great success. Micro-engine fired 350 times and main stabilizing engine fired 300 times. Orbit given is final orbit after manoeuvres.


1964 February 27 - . 13:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 25 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 4. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1964-11-21 . Decay Date: 1964-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 757 . COSPAR: 1964-010A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1964 April 12 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Sputnik 11A59.
  • Polet 2; Polyot 2 - . Payload: I-2B s/n 2. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: Polyot. Decay Date: 1966-06-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 783 . COSPAR: 1964-019A. Apogee: 479 km (297 mi). Perigee: 303 km (188 mi). Inclination: 58.1000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. ASAT interceptor control and propulsion test. Elaboration of systems providing for the extensive manouevring of space apparatuses..

1964 July 30 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 36 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-27 . Decay Date: 1965-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 844 . COSPAR: 1964-042A. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 July 23 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 76 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-10-28 . Decay Date: 1966-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1464 . COSPAR: 1965-059A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 December 21 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 101 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-03-11 . Decay Date: 1966-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 1846 . COSPAR: 1965-107A. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 January 25 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 106 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-11-15 . Decay Date: 1966-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1949 . COSPAR: 1966-004A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 281 km (174 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1966 April 26 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 116 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 6. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-03 . Decay Date: 1966-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 2152 . COSPAR: 1966-036A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 July 8 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 123 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 5. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-10 . Decay Date: 1966-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 2295 . COSPAR: 1966-061A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 September 17 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1966-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2437 . COSPAR: 1966-088A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 93.90 min.

    First attempted orbital Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test. The second stage of the booster placed the third stage and dummy warhead into a 214 km x 523 km parking orbit. altitude. The third stage was evidently wrongly oriented, and instead of braking the warhead into an impact at Kapustin Yar, boosted it into a higher 280 km x 1,010 km orbit. The dummy warhead seperated but was commanded to self destruct, resulting in over 100 catalogued orbiting objects.


1966 November 2 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1976-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 2931 . COSPAR: 1966-101AS. Apogee: 767 km (476 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 97.43 min. Second attempted orbital Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test. failure - self destruct charge was detonated, resulting in 50 catalogued orbiting objects. No impact of the dummy warhead in the Kapustin Yar impact zone..

1967 January 25 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 139 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 2656 . COSPAR: 1967-005A. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Perigee: 144 km (89 mi). Inclination: 49.7000 deg. Period: 88.00 min. Third orbital Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test. First apparently successful test. The warhead was braked to an impact in the Kapustin Yar range..

1967 March 16 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 148 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 2. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1967-05-07 . Decay Date: 1967-05-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 2712 . COSPAR: 1967-023A. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces. First launch of 63SM/11K63 version of Kosmos launch vehicle; first launch from the Raduga launch complex at Plesetsk..

1967 March 25 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 152 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 7. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1967-06-08 . Decay Date: 1967-08-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2722 . COSPAR: 1967-028A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1967 May 17 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 160 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 2806 . COSPAR: 1967-047A. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.7000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 June 12 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 165 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 11. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1967-06-24 . Decay Date: 1968-01-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2842 . COSPAR: 1967-059A. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 81.8000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1967 July 17 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 169 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 2878 . COSPAR: 1967-069A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 49.7000 deg. Period: 87.80 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 July 31 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 170 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 2902 . COSPAR: 1967-074A. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi). Perigee: 141 km (87 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.90 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 August 8 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 171 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 2911 . COSPAR: 1967-077A. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 August 24 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 173 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 8. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1967-12-03 . Decay Date: 1967-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 2921 . COSPAR: 1967-081A. Apogee: 499 km (310 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1967 September 12 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 176 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 10. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1967-11-11 . Decay Date: 1968-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 2942 . COSPAR: 1967-086A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 81.9000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1967 September 19 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 178 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 2951 . COSPAR: 1967-089A. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.7000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 September 22 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 179 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2962 . COSPAR: 1967-091A. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi). Perigee: 139 km (86 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.90 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 October 18 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 183 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 3001 . COSPAR: 1967-099A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 140 km (80 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 October 27 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 185 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1969-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 3013 . COSPAR: 1967-104A. Apogee: 887 km (551 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 64.2000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. First test of Istrebitel Sputnik. Only tested engine; no target launched. First launch of Tsykon launch vehicle..

1967 October 28 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 187 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 3016 . COSPAR: 1967-106A. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi). Perigee: 143 km (88 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1967 November 21 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 191 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 9. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1968-03-02 . Decay Date: 1968-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3043 . COSPAR: 1967-115A. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 March 5 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 204 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 3. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1969-03-03 . Decay Date: 1969-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3139 . COSPAR: 1968-015A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 485 km (301 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1968 April 9 - . 11:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 211 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 13. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1968-04-13 . Decay Date: 1968-11-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 3181 . COSPAR: 1968-028A. Apogee: 1,532 km (951 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 81.9000 deg. Period: 102.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 April 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 217 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1968-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3216 . COSPAR: 1968-036A. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi). Perigee: 140 km (80 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 87.70 min. Unsuccessful launch of ASAT target. Satellite did not separate from last rocket stage. Planned launch of interceptor cancelled..

1968 April 25 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 218 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1968-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 3217 . COSPAR: 1968-037A. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi). Perigee: 123 km (76 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.30 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1968 May 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: 1968-U01xx. Probable suborbital test of Fractional Orbital Bombardment System..

1968 May 24 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 221 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 14. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-01-29 . Decay Date: 1969-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 3269 . COSPAR: 1968-043A. Apogee: 2,140 km (1,320 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 May 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: 1968-U02xx. Probable suborbital test of Fractional Orbital Bombardment System..

1968 May 30 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 222 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 12. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1968-10-12 . Decay Date: 1968-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 3272 . COSPAR: 1968-044A. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi). Perigee: 285 km (177 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 July 18 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 233 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 15. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-02-06 . Decay Date: 1969-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3326 . COSPAR: 1968-061A. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 81.9000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 September 20 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 242 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1968-11-13 . Decay Date: 1968-11-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 3414 . COSPAR: 1968-079A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1968 October 2 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 244 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1968-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3449 . COSPAR: 1968-082A. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Perigee: 140 km (80 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.40 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1968 October 3 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 245 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 16. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-01-16 . Decay Date: 1969-01-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 3457 . COSPAR: 1968-083A. Apogee: 473 km (293 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 October 19 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 248 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1980-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3503 . COSPAR: 1968-090A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 475 km (295 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. ASAT target. Intercepted repeatedly by Cosmos 249 on 20 October; destroyed by Cosmos 252 on 1 November..

1968 October 20 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 249 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1968-10-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 3504 . COSPAR: 1968-091A. Apogee: 2,075 km (1,289 mi). Perigee: 498 km (309 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 111.30 min.

    ASAT interceptor. Intercepted Cosmos 248 target on second orbit. Repeatedly approached Cosmos 248, verifying primary and reserve homing and guidance systems. Destroyed itself in test of on-board destruct system. Counted as a failure by Western observers because that target was not destroyed; but this was not an objective of the test. Left 109 fragments in orbit, of which 54 were still in orbit in 1996.


1968 November 1 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 252 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1968-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 3530 . COSPAR: 1968-097A. Apogee: 2,104 km (1,307 mi). Perigee: 535 km (332 mi). Inclination: 62.3000 deg. Period: 112.00 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercepted and destroyed Cosmos 248 target satellite within one day of launch. Left 139 fragments in orbit, the largest of any ASAT test..

1968 December 3 - . 14:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 257 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 17. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-03-05 . Decay Date: 1969-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 3578 . COSPAR: 1968-107A. Apogee: 462 km (287 mi). Perigee: 286 km (177 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 February 7 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 265 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 21. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-01 . Decay Date: 1969-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 3675 . COSPAR: 1969-012A. Apogee: 456 km (283 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 March 5 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 268 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 18. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-07-03 . Decay Date: 1970-05-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 3773 . COSPAR: 1969-020A. Apogee: 2,173 km (1,350 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 March 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 275 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 5. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1969-08-06 . Decay Date: 1970-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3846 . COSPAR: 1969-031A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1969 April 4 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 277 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 20. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-07-06 . Decay Date: 1969-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 3855 . COSPAR: 1969-033A. Apogee: 446 km (277 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 May 27 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 283 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 19. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-12-11 . Decay Date: 1969-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 3957 . COSPAR: 1969-047A. Apogee: 1,501 km (932 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 81.9000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 June 3 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 285 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 24. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-10-07 . Decay Date: 1969-10-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3983 . COSPAR: 1969-049A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 266 km (165 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 July 23 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 267 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 23 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 August 6 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 291 - . Payload: IS-P Mass Model. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1969-09-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 4058 . COSPAR: 1969-066A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 144 km (89 mi). Inclination: 62.2000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Test of Tsyklon 2 booster; ASAT target mass model. Did not enter typical target orbit due to lack of on-board engine. Simulated launch of ASAT interceptor planned for the next day was cancelled..

1969 August 22 - . 14:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 295 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 29. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-09-27 . Decay Date: 1969-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 4076 . COSPAR: 1969-073A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 September 15 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 298 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1969-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 4092 . COSPAR: 1969-077A. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi). Perigee: 127 km (78 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.30 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1969 October 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 303 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 28. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-01-24 . Decay Date: 1970-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 4136 . COSPAR: 1969-090A. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 October 24 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 307 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 22. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-11 . Decay Date: 1970-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 4184 . COSPAR: 1969-094A. Apogee: 2,150 km (1,330 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 109.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 November 4 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 308 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 7. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1970-01-04 . Decay Date: 1970-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 4219 . COSPAR: 1969-096A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1969 November 24 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 311 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 27. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-03-10 . Decay Date: 1970-03-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 4252 . COSPAR: 1969-102A. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi). Perigee: 297 km (184 mi). Inclination: 71.1000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 December 11 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 314 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 30. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-03-22 . Decay Date: 1970-03-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 4266 . COSPAR: 1969-106A. Apogee: 465 km (288 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 December 23 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 316 - . Payload: IS-A Mass Model. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1970-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 4282 . COSPAR: 1969-108A. Apogee: 1,638 km (1,017 mi). Perigee: 152 km (94 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 102.80 min.

    Test of Tsyklon 2 booster; mass model of ASAT. When the satellite decayed over US Midwest on 28 August 1970, teams of the USAF 1127th Special Group were able to recover six pieces from five locations in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. These showed that the necessary operational systems - translation engines, sensors, weapons systems - were dummied by steel weights. However factory markings on the recovered material proved to the Air Force analysts that they were dealing with an ASAT weapon.


1970 January 15 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 319 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 25. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-07-01 . Decay Date: 1970-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 4299 . COSPAR: 1970-004A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 January 30 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 128 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-I s/n 6 - . Payload: DS-P1-I. Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1970 February 27 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 324 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 32. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-05-23 . Decay Date: 1970-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 4338 . COSPAR: 1970-014A. Apogee: 465 km (288 mi). Perigee: 274 km (170 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 March 18 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 327 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 8. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1970-09-11 . Decay Date: 1971-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 4351 . COSPAR: 1970-020A. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1970 April 23 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 334 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 31. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-08-10 . Decay Date: 1970-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 4378 . COSPAR: 1970-033A. Apogee: 458 km (284 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 May 22 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: First stage failed 112 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 36 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 June 12 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 347 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 35. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-13 . Decay Date: 1971-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 4411 . COSPAR: 1970-043A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 June 27 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 351 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 38. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-10-13 . Decay Date: 1970-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 4427 . COSPAR: 1970-051A. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 July 28 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 354 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1970-07-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 4481 . COSPAR: 1970-056A. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.50 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1970 August 19 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 357 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 40. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-24 . Decay Date: 1970-11-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 4495 . COSPAR: 1970-063A. Apogee: 476 km (295 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 September 16 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 362 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 9. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-24 . Decay Date: 1971-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 4536 . COSPAR: 1970-073A. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1970 September 25 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69M.
  • Cosmos 365 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1970-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 4556 . COSPAR: 1970-076A. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi). Perigee: 145 km (90 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 87.70 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1970 October 8 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 369 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 42. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-01-22 . Decay Date: 1971-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 4573 . COSPAR: 1970-081A. Apogee: 509 km (316 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 October 20 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 373 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-P. Decay Date: 1980-03-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 4590 . COSPAR: 1970-087A. Apogee: 1,103 km (685 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 101.00 min. ASAT target. Maneuvered twice to provide target for Cosmos 374 and 375 interceptors..

1970 October 23 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 374 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1970-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 4594 . COSPAR: 1970-089A. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 531 km (329 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercepted Cosmos 374 on second orbit. Blown up on instructions from ground..

1970 October 30 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 375 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1970-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 4598 . COSPAR: 1970-091A. Apogee: 1,986 km (1,234 mi). Perigee: 579 km (359 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 111.20 min.

    ASAT interceptor. Intercept on second orbit. Blown up on instructions from ground. Dual launch of interceptors was intended to help ground staff perfect computational methods for quick-response launches when orbital methods of target were not precisely known.


1970 November 24 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 380 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 26. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-26 . Decay Date: 1971-06-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 4762 . COSPAR: 1970-100A. Apogee: 1,520 km (940 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 December 18 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 388 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 43. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-05-12 . Decay Date: 1971-05-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 4811 . COSPAR: 1970-112A. Apogee: 505 km (313 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 December 22 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: First stage failed 1 second after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-M s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 1. Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Target for IS ASAT systems tests. First test of Yangel-desinged target failed to reach orbit..

1971 January 14 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 391 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 11. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1971-04-01 . Decay Date: 1972-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 4847 . COSPAR: 1971-002A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1971 January 26 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 393 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 34. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-06-12 . Decay Date: 1971-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4884 . COSPAR: 1971-007A. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 February 9 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 394 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 2. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1972-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 4922 . COSPAR: 1971-010A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Target for IS ASAT systems tests. First test using Yangel-designed lighter, cheaper target launched by Kosmos 11K65M booster from Plesetsk..

1971 February 25 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 397 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. USAF Sat Cat: 4964 . COSPAR: 1971-015A. Apogee: 2,164 km (1,344 mi). Perigee: 572 km (355 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 113.10 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercept and destruction of target successful on second orbit..

1971 March 5 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 133 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 39 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 March 18 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 400 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 3. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1972-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 5050 . COSPAR: 1971-020A. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 990 km (610 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 404 interceptor..

1971 April 4 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 404 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1971-04-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 5113 . COSPAR: 1971-027A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 802 km (498 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 103.10 min.

    ASAT interceptor. Conducted an extended test flight to shake out homing system and engine function. Tested new redundant ranging systems. Tested effectiveness of new approach trajectory to target, whereby target was approached from above rather than below. Following completion of tests and verification of system functions via telemetry, spacecraft was commanded to a destructive reentry over the Pacific Ocean.


1971 April 24 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 408 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 37. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-12-22 . Decay Date: 1971-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5177 . COSPAR: 1971-037A. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 81.8000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 May 19 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 421 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 48. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-11-05 . Decay Date: 1971-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 5232 . COSPAR: 1971-044A. Apogee: 443 km (275 mi). Perigee: 292 km (181 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 May 27 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 423 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 47. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-11-20 . Decay Date: 1971-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 5246 . COSPAR: 1971-047A. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 August 3 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 204 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 33 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 August 8 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69M.
  • Cosmos 433 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1971-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 5402 . COSPAR: 1971-068A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 112 km (69 mi). Inclination: 49.4000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1971 August 27 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 435 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 41. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-01-28 . Decay Date: 1972-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 5441 . COSPAR: 1971-072A. Apogee: 478 km (297 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 September 24 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 440 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 10. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1972-01-20 . Decay Date: 1972-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5480 . COSPAR: 1971-079A. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1971 October 19 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 453 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 44. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-03-19 . Decay Date: 1972-03-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 5563 . COSPAR: 1971-090A. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 November 17 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 455 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 54. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-04-05 . Decay Date: 1972-04-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 5608 . COSPAR: 1971-097A. Apogee: 491 km (305 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 November 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • DS-P1-I - . Payload: DS-P1-I. Nation: Russia. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Operational radar target for the ABM forces. Launch vehicle launch scrubbed - unknown cause..

1971 November 29 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 458 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 53. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-04-20 . Decay Date: 1972-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 5623 . COSPAR: 1971-101A. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 November 29 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 459 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 5. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1971-12-27 . Decay Date: 1971-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 5625 . COSPAR: 1971-102A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 462 interceptor..

1971 December 3 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 462 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1975-04-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 5646 . COSPAR: 1971-106A. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min.

    ASAT interceptor. Successfully intercepted and destroyed Cosmos 459 target. This completed state trials test series and in 1972 the Istrebitel Sputnik was adopted as armament for the Soviet Army. Cosmos 462 produced the lowest number of fragments (27) of any of the ASAT's tested.


1971 December 17 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 467 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 45. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-04-18 . Decay Date: 1972-04-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 5704 . COSPAR: 1971-113A. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 266 km (165 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 January 25 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 472 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 52. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-08-16 . Decay Date: 1972-08-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 5804 . COSPAR: 1972-004A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 March 25 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 481 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 46. Mass: 375 kg (826 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-03 . Decay Date: 1972-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 5906 . COSPAR: 1972-020A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 277 km (172 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 April 11 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 485 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 58. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-08-31 . Decay Date: 1972-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 5938 . COSPAR: 1972-028A. Apogee: 477 km (296 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 April 21 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 487 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 57. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-24 . Decay Date: 1972-09-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 6006 . COSPAR: 1972-033A. Apogee: 504 km (313 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 April 25 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 367 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 51 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 June 30 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 497 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 12. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1973-11-07 . Decay Date: 1973-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6076 . COSPAR: 1972-048A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1972 July 5 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 498 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 56. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-11-25 . Decay Date: 1972-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 6086 . COSPAR: 1972-050A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 266 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 July 12 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 501 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 50. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-12-20 . Decay Date: 1974-05-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 6099 . COSPAR: 1972-054A. Apogee: 2,167 km (1,346 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.0000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 September 29 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 521 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 4. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1973-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6206 . COSPAR: 1972-074A. Apogee: 992 km (616 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. ASAT target launched to test modifications to ASAT interceptor. Interceptor launch cancelled due to technical failure in target telemetry system. Signature of SALT treaty in May 1972 resulted in military being ordered to discontinue further ASAT tests..

1972 October 5 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 523 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 63. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-02-21 . Decay Date: 1973-03-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6222 . COSPAR: 1972-078A. Apogee: 478 km (297 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 October 11 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 524 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 49. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-03-25 . Decay Date: 1973-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 6229 . COSPAR: 1972-080A. Apogee: 510 km (310 mi). Perigee: 266 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 October 25 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 526 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 61. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-04-06 . Decay Date: 1973-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 6254 . COSPAR: 1972-084A. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 274 km (170 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 January 24 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 545 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 62. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-08-01 . Decay Date: 1973-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 6348 . COSPAR: 1973-004A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 April 12 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 553 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 55. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-11-12 . Decay Date: 1973-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 6427 . COSPAR: 1973-020A. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 May 17 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 558 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 65. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-12-25 . Decay Date: 1973-12-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 6645 . COSPAR: 1973-029A. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 June 5 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 562 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 66. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-01-08 . Decay Date: 1974-01-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6665 . COSPAR: 1973-035A. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 August 22 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 580 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 59. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-09-04 . Decay Date: 1974-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6793 . COSPAR: 1973-057A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 October 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 601 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 60. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-08-15 . Decay Date: 1974-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6875 . COSPAR: 1973-075A. Apogee: 1,135 km (705 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 81.8000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 November 20 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 608 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 69. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-07-13 . Decay Date: 1974-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 6941 . COSPAR: 1973-091A. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 November 28 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 611 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 64. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-06-20 . Decay Date: 1974-06-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 6952 . COSPAR: 1973-094A. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 December 13 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 615 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 13. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1975-06-16 . Decay Date: 1975-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 6971 . COSPAR: 1973-099A. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1974 February 27 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 633 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 71. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-10-04 . Decay Date: 1974-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 7187 . COSPAR: 1974-010A. Apogee: 491 km (305 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 March 5 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 634 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 67. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-09-19 . Decay Date: 1974-10-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7211 . COSPAR: 1974-012A. Apogee: 491 km (305 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 June 26 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 662 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 14. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1975-03-17 . Decay Date: 1976-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 7347 . COSPAR: 1974-047A. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1974 July 11 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: First stage failed 84 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 68 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 July 25 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 668 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 74. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-02-17 . Decay Date: 1975-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 7385 . COSPAR: 1974-058A. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 September 26 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 686 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 72. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-05-02 . Decay Date: 1975-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7447 . COSPAR: 1974-074A. Apogee: 476 km (295 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 November 20 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 695 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 73. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-05-10 . Decay Date: 1975-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 7538 . COSPAR: 1974-091A. Apogee: 468 km (290 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1975 January 21 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 703 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 70. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-08-11 . Decay Date: 1975-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 7611 . COSPAR: 1975-003A. Apogee: 1,518 km (943 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1975 January 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 705 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 75. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-11-20 . Decay Date: 1975-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7623 . COSPAR: 1975-006A. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1975 April 8 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 725 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 77. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1976-01-02 . Decay Date: 1976-01-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 7730 . COSPAR: 1975-026A. Apogee: 481 km (298 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1975 June 24 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 745 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 76. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1976-03-07 . Decay Date: 1976-03-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 7982 . COSPAR: 1975-058A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1975 July 17 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 750 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 15. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1976-01-30 . Decay Date: 1977-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 8036 . COSPAR: 1975-067A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1975 December 19 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-P1-M - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1976 February 5 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 801 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 16. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1976-12-14 . Decay Date: 1978-01-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 8658 . COSPAR: 1976-012A. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1976 February 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 803 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 8688 . COSPAR: 1976-014A. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. ASAT target. Beginning of test of 'second generation' ASAT interceptor. Objective was to complete test series by 1978 ABM treaty date..

1976 February 16 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 804 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1976-02-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 8694 . COSPAR: 1976-015A. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. ASAT interceptor. After intercept with target deorbited using on-board engine..

1976 April 13 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 814 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1976-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 8806 . COSPAR: 1976-034A. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi). Perigee: 118 km (73 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. ASAT interceptor. After intercept with target deorbited using on-board engine..

1976 May 18 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 818 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 78. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1977-01-05 . Decay Date: 1977-03-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 8851 . COSPAR: 1976-044A. Apogee: 481 km (298 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.1000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1976 July 8 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 839 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 9011 . COSPAR: 1976-067A. Apogee: 2,053 km (1,275 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 843 interceptor..

1976 July 21 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 843 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1976-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 9043 . COSPAR: 1976-071A. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi). Perigee: 132 km (82 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercepted Cosmos 839. Deorbited after test..

1976 August 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 849 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 17. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1977-06-30 . Decay Date: 1978-04-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 9382 . COSPAR: 1976-083A. Apogee: 865 km (537 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1976 August 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 850 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 79. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1977-05-10 . Decay Date: 1977-05-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 9387 . COSPAR: 1976-084A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1976 December 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 880 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1979-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 9601 . COSPAR: 1976-120A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 886 interceptor..

1976 December 27 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 886 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1976-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 9634 . COSPAR: 1976-126A. Apogee: 2,291 km (1,423 mi). Perigee: 593 km (368 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercepted and destroyed Cosmos 880 target..

1977 April 5 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 901 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 18. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1978-06-29 . Decay Date: 1978-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 9905 . COSPAR: 1977-025A. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1977 May 19 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 909 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 10010 . COSPAR: 1977-036A. Apogee: 2,111 km (1,311 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 117.00 min. Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1977 May 23 - . 12:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 910 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1977-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 10014 . COSPAR: 1977-037A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. ASAT interceptor. Failed to intercept Cosmos 909. Deorbited using on-board engine..

1977 June 17 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 918 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1977-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 10065 . COSPAR: 1977-050A. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi). Perigee: 125 km (77 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 87.70 min. ASAT interceptor. Failed to intercept Cosmos 909. Deorbited using on-board engine..

1977 June 18 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 919 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 19. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1978-05-16 . Decay Date: 1978-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 10070 . COSPAR: 1977-051A. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1977 October 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 959 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1977-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 10419 . COSPAR: 1977-101A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 961 interceptor..

1977 October 26 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 961 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1977-10-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 10434 . COSPAR: 1977-104A. Apogee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 66.4000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. ASAT interceptor. Succeeded in intercept of Cosmos 959. Deorbited using on-board engine..

1977 December 13 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 967 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 10512 . COSPAR: 1977-116A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 970 interceptor..

1977 December 21 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 970 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1977-12-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 10531 . COSPAR: 1977-121A. Apogee: 1,138 km (707 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 105.90 min. ASAT interceptor. Intercepted Cosmos 970 target. Ordered to self-destruct following interception..

1978 May 19 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1009 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1978-05-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 10904 . COSPAR: 1978-050A. Apogee: 1,364 km (847 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 108.60 min. ASAT interceptor. Succeeded in intercept of Cosmos 970. Deorbited using on-board engine..

1980 April 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1171 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 11750 . COSPAR: 1980-026A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 1174 interceptor. First in a series of tests to validate functioning of system after extended storage..

1980 April 18 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1174 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1980-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11765 . COSPAR: 1980-030A. Apogee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 102.90 min.

    ASAT interceptor. First test of ASAT after extended storage. Missed Cosmos 1171 target by a large distance; over the two following days two more attempts were made with the backup engine, but all failed. On 20 April the satellite was ordered to self-destruct in orbit, ending the longest ASAT interceptor mission.


1981 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1241 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 12149 . COSPAR: 1981-006A. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 989 km (614 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 1243 and Cosmos 1258 interceptors..

1981 February 2 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1243 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1981-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 12160 . COSPAR: 1981-010A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 294 km (182 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 97.80 min. ASAT interceptor. Approached within 50 m of target, but explosive charge did not go off as planned. Deorbited to destructive reentry in the atmosphere..

1981 March 14 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1258 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1981-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 12337 . COSPAR: 1981-024A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 299 km (185 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 97.90 min. ASAT interceptor. Failed to intercept Cosmos 1241 target. Deorbited to destructive reentry in the atmosphere..

1982 June 6 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1375 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1985-10-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 13259 . COSPAR: 1982-055A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1982 June 18 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1379 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1982-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 13281 . COSPAR: 1982-060A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 144 km (89 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. ASAT interceptor. Succeeded in intercept of Cosmos 1375 target. Deorbited using on-board engine. Final test of series..

1983 June 18 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • SPAS-01 - . Payload: Challenger F2 / SPAS 1. Mass: 3,230 kg (7,120 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: MBB. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SPAS. Decay Date: 1983-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 14142 . COSPAR: 1983-059F. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Perigee: 295 km (183 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.50 min.

    Ten experiments mounted on Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS-01) performed research in forming metal alloys in microgravity and use of remote sensing scanner. Orbiter's small control rockets fired while SPAS-01 held by remote manipulator system to test movement on extended arm.


1984 February 3 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • SPAS 1A - . Mass: 3,230 kg (7,120 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SPAS. Decay Date: 1984-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 14681 . COSPAR: 1984-011xx. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 28.6000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. German-built Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS), first flown on STS-7, became first satellite refurbished and flown again. SPAS remained in payload bay due to electrical problem with Remote Manipulator System (RMS)..

1985 December 13 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • USA 13 - . Payload: ITV 1 ASAT Balloon Target. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1989-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16328 . COSPAR: 1985-114A. Apogee: 691 km (429 mi). Perigee: 311 km (193 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Target balloon for F-15-launched ASAT missile. The battery-powered vehicle remained uninflated in orbit until a test was planned. Orbital decay data indicated the balloon was never inflated. It decayed without an intercept being attempted..
  • ITV 1 Balloon - . Payload: ITV 1 Balloon. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1987-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 17247 . COSPAR: 1985-114D. Apogee: 737 km (457 mi). Perigee: 310 km (190 mi). Inclination: 37.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min.
  • ITV 1 Balloon - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1989-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16328 . COSPAR: 1985-114xx. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Perigee: 148 km (91 mi). Inclination: 37.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min.
  • USA 14 - . Payload: ITV 2 ASAT Balloon Target. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1987-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 16329 . COSPAR: 1985-114B. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 91.90 min.

    Target balloon for F-15-launched ASAT missile. The battery-powered vehicle remained uninflated in orbit until a test was planned. Orbital decay data indicates the balloon was inflated on 18 December 1986. However for operational or political reasons no intercept was ever attempted.


1986 September 5 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920.
  • USA 19 - . Payload: Delta 180 / Payload Adapter System. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: SDI. Decay Date: 1986-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 16937 . COSPAR: 1986-069A. Apogee: 748 km (464 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 39.1000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. SDIO sensor tests. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1987 May 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC250. LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia. FAILURE: No orbital insertion due to failure of the FGB attitude control system (Energia performed perfectly). Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: P.
  • Polyus - . Payload: Skif-DM. Mass: 80,000 kg (176,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: Polyus. Decay Date: 1987-05-15 . COSPAR: F870515A.

    Due to delays in completion of the enormous static test facility at Baikonur, which could test the entire Energia vehicle stack, it was decided to launch the vehicle without the verification the tests would provide. The launch of 6SL was planned for 11 May 1987 at 21:30 Moscow time. It was delayed five days when a leak was detected in the Block 3A electrical distribution section, then by another hour due to a fault LH2 thermostat. The launch vehicle performed successfully, but the Polyus payload failed to inject itself into orbit due to a guidance system failure. Additional Details: here....


1988 February 8 - . 22:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910.
  • USA 30 - . Payload: Delta 181 Canister Cluster. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: SDI. Decay Date: 1988-03-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 18847 . COSPAR: 1988-008A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 225 km (139 mi). Inclination: 28.6000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Military tracking exercise; released subsatellites. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1989 March 24 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920-8.
  • USA 36 - . Payload: Delta Star. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: SDI. Decay Date: 1992-06-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 19911 . COSPAR: 1989-026A. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Perigee: 307 km (190 mi). Inclination: 47.7000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1990 February 14 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6920-8.
  • USA 51 - . Payload: LACE. Mass: 1,430 kg (3,150 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: LACE. Decay Date: 2000-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 20496 . COSPAR: 1990-015A. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi). Perigee: 463 km (287 mi). Inclination: 43.1000 deg. Period: 94.00 min.

    Low-power Atmospheric Compensation Experiment for SDIO. Research and exploration of the upper atmosphere and outer space. The McDonnell Douglas Corporation has provided the following information for its launch of the Losat spacecraft on 14 Feb 1990: LACE spacecraft (Losat-L), launch time 1615:00.626 GMT, ETR Launch Complex 17. Programmed orbital parameters 95.6 min, apogee 551 km, inc. 43.1 deg. Evaluate laser beam distortion in space.

  • USA 52 - . Payload: RME. Mass: 1,040 kg (2,290 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: RME. Decay Date: 1992-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 20497 . COSPAR: 1990-015B. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 43.1000 deg. Period: 89.90 min.

    Relay Mirror Experiment; also known as Losat-R. RME validated stabilization, tracking, and pointing technologies for Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) missions through a credible demonstration of a space-based relay mirror system. The Wideband Angular Vibration Experiment (WAVE) measured low-level angular vibrations affecting performance of acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems. The experiment demonstrated that a laser beam can be accurately relayed from the earth to an orbiting satellite 450 kilometers away and then back to a 3-meter target on the ground. It achieved relay beam pointing accuracy which was 16 times better than the technical requirement. WAVE demonstrated the capability to discern platform disturbance amplitudes of a few nanoradians at discrete frequencies and is therefore a candidate to fulfill similar requirements for future ATP experiments.


1991 April 28 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • SPAS-II - . Payload: SPAS. Mass: 3,230 kg (7,120 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SPAS. COSPAR: 1991-031xx. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 248 km (154 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Shuttle Pallet Satellite-II (SPAS-II) experiments were carried out on this classified mission. No details on whether SPAS was released or nature of experiments..
  • CRO-B - . Payload: Discovery F12 / IBSS-SPAS 02 / CRO A / CRO B / CRO. Mass: 197 kg (434 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: CRO. Decay Date: 1991-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 21246 . COSPAR: 1991-031E. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Perigee: 68 km (42 mi). Inclination: 56.9000 deg. Period: 85.80 min. Chemical Release Observation; deployed 2 May 1991; released gases for observation by IBSS..
  • CRO-C - . Payload: Discovery F12 / IBSS-SPAS 02 / CRO A / CRO B / CRO. Mass: 197 kg (434 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: CRO. Decay Date: 1991-05-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 21245 . COSPAR: 1991-031D. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Perigee: 67 km (41 mi). Inclination: 56.9000 deg. Period: 85.70 min. Chemical Release Observation; deployed 2 May 1991; released gases for observation by IBSS..
  • CRO-A - . Payload: Discovery F12 / IBSS-SPAS 02 / CRO A / CRO B / CRO. Mass: 197 kg (434 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: CRO. Decay Date: 1991-05-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 21247 . COSPAR: 1991-031F. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Chemical Release Observation; deployed 3 May 1991; released gases for observation by IBSS..

1991 July 4 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • Losat X - . Mass: 75 kg (165 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: Losat. Decay Date: 1991-11-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 21553 . COSPAR: 1991-047B. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 40.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Test flight of DOD sensors; Low Altitude Satellite Experiment. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1992 November 21 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • MSTI - . Payload: MSTI 1. Mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SA-200. Spacecraft: MSTI. Decay Date: 1993-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 22229 . COSPAR: 1992-078A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 96.7000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. BMDO technology demonstration; Miniature Seeker Technology Demonstration. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1994 March 13 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Taurus. Launch Vehicle: ARPA Taurus.
  • USA 101 - . Payload: STEP-0 / STEP M0. Mass: 502 kg (1,106 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: STEP. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: TAOS. USAF Sat Cat: 23030 . COSPAR: 1994-017A. Apogee: 561 km (348 mi). Perigee: 555 km (344 mi). Inclination: 105.0000 deg. Period: 95.80 min. Space Test Experiment Program; 10 satellite subsystem experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1994 May 9 - . 02:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • MSTI-2 - . Payload: MSTI 2. Mass: 163 kg (359 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SA-200. Spacecraft: MSTI. Decay Date: 1998-11-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 23101 . COSPAR: 1994-028A. Apogee: 433 km (269 mi). Perigee: 415 km (257 mi). Inclination: 93.1000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Last Scout launch; BMDO technology tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1994 May 19 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello. Launch Complex: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Edwards.. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus/HAPS.
  • STEP 2 (SIDEX) - . Payload: STEP M2 / P 91-A. Mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF STP. Program: STEP. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: Eagle. USAF Sat Cat: 23105 . COSPAR: 1994-029A. Apogee: 813 km (505 mi). Perigee: 597 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 98.90 min. Did not achieve planned orbit, though still useful. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). Air dropped in Point Arguello WADZ..

1994 June 27 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello. Launch Complex: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Vandenberg.. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL. FAILURE: Destroyed on launch . Failed Stage: 1.
  • STEP 1 - . Payload: STEP M1 / P90-1. Mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Program: STEP. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: Eagle. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi). Destroyed on launch Air dropped in Point Arguello WADZ..

1996 April 24 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10.
  • MSX - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: MSX. USAF Sat Cat: 23851 . COSPAR: 1996-024A. Apogee: 907 km (563 mi). Perigee: 897 km (557 mi). Inclination: 99.4000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. LEO. Midcourse Space eXperiment; missile detection technology tests; also used for auroral and atmospheric studies .

1996 May 17 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello. Launch Complex: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Vandenberg.. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus H.
  • MSTI-3 - . Payload: MSTI 3. Mass: 170 kg (370 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SA-200. Spacecraft: MSTI. Decay Date: 1997-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23868 . COSPAR: 1996-031A. Apogee: 432 km (268 mi). Perigee: 420 km (260 mi). Inclination: 97.1000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. LEO. Sensor technology tests Air dropped in Point Arguello WADZ..

1997 October 22 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island DZ. Launch Pad: RW04/22. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL.
  • STEP-4 - . Payload: STEP M4. Mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF STP. Program: STEP. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: Eagle. Decay Date: 2001-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 25013 . COSPAR: 1997-063A. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Perigee: 432 km (268 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 93.80 min. Air dropped in Wallops Island DZ..

2008 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: DDG-60. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2008 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: R-UNK.
  • PacBlitz08 - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target.

2008 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: R-UNK.
  • PacBlitz08 - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target.

2008 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: DDG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2008 November 20 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Oriole.
  • Aegis Target - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target.

2008 November 20 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: DDG-176. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Aegis JFTM-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: JMSDF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2008 December 5 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS.
  • MDA FTG-05 Target - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target.

2008 December 5 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • MDA FTG-05 - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2009 September 25 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10C.
  • USA 209 - . Payload: STSS 2. Mass: 1,122 kg (2,473 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: STSS. USAF Sat Cat: 35937 . COSPAR: 2009-052A. Space Tracking and Surveillance System for missile launch and flight monitoring using infrared sensors..
  • USA 208 - . Payload: STSS 1. Mass: 1,122 kg (2,473 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: STSS. USAF Sat Cat: 35937 . COSPAR: 2009-052A. Space Tracking and Surveillance System for missile launch and flight monitoring using infrared sensors..

2010 June 15 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • SJ-12 - . Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: SJ-7. USAF Sat Cat: 36596 . COSPAR: 2010-027A. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi). Perigee: 578 km (359 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.50 min. Satellite inspector/interceptor. Carried out a close pass or even came in contact with the SJ-6/3A satellite on 19 August 2010. By 21 September was in a 580 km x 606 km x 97.8 deg orbit..


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