IS-A Antisatellite satellite. As far as is known, follow-on models and the R-36-launched targets had a similar appearance.
Credit: © Mark Wade
AKA: 14F10;Naryad. Status: Operational 1990. Gross mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb).
On a visit to LC-92 at Baikonur, Gorbachev was shown a mock-up of Naryad, which had been developed from Chelomei's original UR-100 dual-purpose concept by D A Polyukhin. A few tests of Naryad were sanctioned when the Buran shuttle was delayed. Since the Soviet Union had a large excess of ICBM's compared to the United States, the idea was to take the surplus ICBM's and equip them with anti-satellite/anti-ballistic missile homing vehicles in place of their nuclear warheads. This would have created a 'Space Echelon of Anti-rocket Forces'