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Taifun-3
Taifun-3
Taifun-3
Credit: KB Yuzhnoye
Russian military target satellite. Specifications for a third generation Taifun-3 system were developed in 1980 with flight trials to have started in 1984.

AKA: 17F114;Duga-K. Status: Operational 1988. First Launch: 1988-12-23. Last Launch: 1989-12-27. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb).

In the event flights seem not to have started until 1988. This target system was designed for exercise and calibration of space control sensors. The satellite was launched by the Tsyklon 3 launch vehicle and released 36 Romb subsatellites.


More at: Taifun-3.

Family: Military, Military target sat, Surveillance. Country: Russia. Launch Vehicles: Tsiklon, Tsiklon-3. Launch Sites: Plesetsk, Plesetsk LC32/2, Plesetsk LC32. Agency: MO, Reshetnev bureau. Bibliography: 102, 2, 445, 6.
Photo Gallery

Duga-KDuga-K
Credit: KB Yuzhnoye


Duga-KDuga-K
Credit: Yuzhnoye


Cosmos 2059Cosmos 2059
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1988 December 23 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1985 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-3. Decay Date: 1992-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 19720 . COSPAR: 1988-113A. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 73.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Radar calibration mission. Believed to be a modernised version of the Taifun-1 satellite. Released 36 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1989 December 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2053 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-3. Decay Date: 1997-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 20389 . COSPAR: 1989-100A. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 73.5000 deg. Period: 92.70 min.

    Believed to be a modernised version of the Taifun-1 satellite, built by NPO Yuzhnoe. The satellite carried 36 small Calibration Spherical Object subsatellites to test Russian radars. These were released between December 27, 1989 and November 1, 1991. While Cosmos 2053 re-entered in 1997, by May 1999 the S5M upper stage was still in a 471 km x 485 km x 73.5 deg orbit. An on-board explosion blew it into 25 new objects.



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