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Kapustin Yar LC86/1
Part of Kapustin Yar Family
Kosmos 2, R-31 launch complex.

First Launch: 1964-12-01. Last Launch: 1967-12-19. Number: 26 . Longitude: 46.2500 deg. Latitude: 48.5500 deg.



Spacecraft: DS-2, DS-A1, DS-MT, DS-P1-Yu, DS-U2-V, DS-U2-M, DS-K-40, DS-P1-I, DS-U1-G, DS-U2-I, DS-U2-MP, DS-U2-D, DS-MO, DS-U3-S. Launch Vehicles: R-12, Kosmos 63S1, Kosmos 11K63, R-31. Launch Sites: Kapustin Yar.

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Payload shroud did not separate.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-2 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-2. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-2. A decision was made after two unsuccessful launches of the DS-1 to create a simplified DS-2 spacecraft based on the equipment and structural elements of DS-1 spacecraft. The cylindrical section for mission avionics was completely omitted..

1964 December 9 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 51 - . Payload: DS-MT s/n 3. Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-MT. Completed Operations Date: 1965-01-04 . Decay Date: 1965-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 947 . COSPAR: 1964-080A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays, and measured the luminosity of the starry sky..

1965 January 30 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 53 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 5. Mass: 310 kg (680 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-09 . Decay Date: 1966-08-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 983 . COSPAR: 1965-006A. Apogee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 98.70 min.

    Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.


1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 February 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 64 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 6 - . Payload: DS-A1. Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-A1.

    Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.


1965 July 2 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 70 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 7. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-07-12 . Decay Date: 1966-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1431 . COSPAR: 1965-052A. Apogee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 98.80 min.

    Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.


1965 July 23 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 76 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-10-28 . Decay Date: 1966-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1464 . COSPAR: 1965-059A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 October 19 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 93 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 1. Mass: 305 kg (672 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1965-12-16 . Decay Date: 1966-01-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1629 . COSPAR: 1965-084A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

1965 November 4 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 95 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 2. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1965-11-04 . Decay Date: 1966-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1706 . COSPAR: 1965-088A. Apogee: 521 km (323 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

1965 November 26 - . 12:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 97 - . Payload: DS-U2-M s/n 1. Mass: 267 kg (588 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-M. Completed Operations Date: 1966-01-23 . Decay Date: 1967-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1777 . COSPAR: 1965-095A. Apogee: 2,144 km (1,332 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Development tests of atomic clocks..

1965 December 21 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 101 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-03-11 . Decay Date: 1966-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 1846 . COSPAR: 1965-107A. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 December 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-K-40 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

1966 January 25 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 106 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-11-15 . Decay Date: 1966-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1949 . COSPAR: 1966-004A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 281 km (174 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1966 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 108 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1966-02-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2002 . COSPAR: 1966-011A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1966 February 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 83 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-K-40 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

1966 April 26 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 116 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 6. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-03 . Decay Date: 1966-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 2152 . COSPAR: 1966-036A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 May 24 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 119 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 1. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-05-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2182 . COSPAR: 1966-043A. Apogee: 1,278 km (794 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1966 July 8 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 123 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 5. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-10 . Decay Date: 1966-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 2295 . COSPAR: 1966-061A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 December 12 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 135 - . Payload: DS-U2-MP s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MP. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-12 . Decay Date: 1967-04-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 2612 . COSPAR: 1966-112A. Apogee: 648 km (402 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Studied cosmic dust particles in near-Earth space..

1966 December 21 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 137 - . Payload: DS-U2-D s/n 1. Mass: 295 kg (650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-D. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-12 . Decay Date: 1967-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2627 . COSPAR: 1966-117A. Apogee: 1,718 km (1,067 mi). Perigee: 219 km (136 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Studied charged particle flows..

1967 February 14 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 142 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 2. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1967-07-06 . Decay Date: 1967-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2678 . COSPAR: 1967-013A. Apogee: 1,320 km (820 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1967 March 3 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 145 - . Payload: DS-U2-M s/n 2. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-M. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-30 . Decay Date: 1968-03-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 2697 . COSPAR: 1967-019A. Apogee: 2,107 km (1,309 mi). Perigee: 226 km (140 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 108.70 min. Development tests of atomic clocks..

1967 March 21 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 149 - . Payload: DS-MO s/n 1. Mass: 321 kg (707 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-MO. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-08 . Decay Date: 1967-04-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 2714 . COSPAR: 1967-024A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 246 km (152 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Used in development of aerodynamic systems for stabilisation and orientation of spacecraft. Also carried military optical equipment experiments..

1967 June 5 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 163 - . Payload: DS-U2-MP s/n 2. Mass: 357 kg (787 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MP. Completed Operations Date: 1967-10-11 . Decay Date: 1967-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2832 . COSPAR: 1967-056A. Apogee: 598 km (371 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Studied cosmic dust particles in near-Earth space..

1967 June 16 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 166 - . Payload: DS-U3-S s/n 1. Mass: 357 kg (787 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U3-S. Completed Operations Date: 1967-09-26 . Decay Date: 1967-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 2848 . COSPAR: 1967-061A. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Specialized orbital solar observatory for measuring solar rays in mulitple spectral zones..

1967 December 19 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 196 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 2. Mass: 352 kg (776 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1968-02-07 . Decay Date: 1968-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3074 . COSPAR: 1967-125A. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1969 July 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. Launch Pad: LC86/1?. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • BOR-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. Launch Pad: LC86/pad?. Launch Vehicle: R-31.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).


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