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DS-U2-GKA
Oreol
Oreol
Credit: © Mark Wade
Soviet-French earth magnetosphere satellite. Upper atmosphere, auroral studies. Investigation of physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of auroras.

AKA: Aureole;Oreol. Status: Operational 1971. First Launch: 1971-12-27. Last Launch: 1973-12-26. Number: 2 . Gross mass: 590 kg (1,300 lb).

This was a Soviet-French collaborative project, Russian code name Arkad. Launched by Kosmos-2, the spacecraft studied physics and the characteristics of the upper atmosphere. Instruments included Soviet/French magnetosphere and ionosphere experiments, equipment for studying the physical processes in the earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere, and study of the nature of polar aurora.


More at: Oreol-1.

Family: Earth, Magnetosphere sat. Country: France, Russia. Launch Vehicles: R-14, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 11K65M. Projects: Aureole. Launch Sites: Plesetsk, Plesetsk LC132/2. Agency: Yuzhnoye. Bibliography: 2, 6, 99, 12277.
Photo Gallery

OreolOreol


DS-U2-GKADS-U2-GKA
Credit: Yuzhnoye


Oreol 1Oreol 1
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1971 December 27 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Oreol - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 1. Mass: 630 kg (1,380 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 5729 . COSPAR: 1971-119A. Apogee: 1,779 km (1,105 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 106.90 min. Upper atmosphere, auroral studies. Investigation of physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of auroras. .

1973 December 26 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Oreol 2 - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 2. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1974-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 7003 . COSPAR: 1973-107A. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Continued investigations in the earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of polar aurorae begun on board the Oreol satellite in 1971..


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