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Kosmos 65MP
Part of R-14 Family
Kosmos 8K63 LV
Kosmos 8K63 LV
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian orbital launch vehicle. Adaptation of 11K65M launcher for suborbital and single orbit test of subscale prototypes of Spiral and Buran manned spaceplanes (BOR-4 and BOR-5).

AKA: 65MP;C-1;Kosmos 3MP;SL-8. Status: Out of production. Payload: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Thrust: 1,477.82 kN (332,227 lbf). Gross mass: 107,500 kg (236,900 lb). Height: 26.30 m (86.20 ft). Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

LEO Payload: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb) to a 400 km orbit. Payload: 700 kg (1,540 lb) to a 1,600 km orbit. Launch Price $: 10.000 million in 1994 dollars.

Stage Data - Kosmos 65MP

  • Stage 1. 1 x Kosmos-1. Gross Mass: 87,200 kg (192,200 lb). Empty Mass: 5,300 kg (11,600 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,740.023 kN (391,173 lbf). Isp: 292 sec. Burn time: 130 sec. Isp(sl): 248 sec. Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Span: 4.40 m (14.40 ft). Length: 22.40 m (73.40 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-216. Other designations: Skean; SS-5; R-14; 8K65; 65; 11K65. Status: In Production. Comments: Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Kosmos-2. Gross Mass: 20,135 kg (44,390 lb). Empty Mass: 1,435 kg (3,163 lb). Thrust (vac): 156.000 kN (35,070 lbf). Isp: 303 sec. Burn time: 375 sec. Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Span: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Length: 6.00 m (19.60 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: 11D49. Other designations: S3. Status: In Production. Comments: Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit.



Family: orbital launch vehicle. Country: Russia. Engines: RD-216, 11D49. Spacecraft: BOR-4. Agency: AKO Polyot.

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