Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
Iran
Qom
Qom
Credit: © Mark Wade
Iran, following a thirty year effort to acquire foreign technology however possible, launched its first satellite in 2009.

The last Shah of Iran had a dream of creating a 'Great Civilization' - an Iran that, by the year 2000, would exceed France in population, per capita income, and military potential. Part of this was creation of a nuclear deterrent, so that Iran could take its rightful place at the table of nations. The first contract was let in 1975 in a $30 billion program to build a network of 20 nuclear power stations around the country. More discretely, nascent nuclear research for other purposes was begun at locations in Tehran and Karaj.

Nuclear weapons would need delivery systems, and the most sophisticated American aerospace technology was graciously transferred. At the time of the 1979 revolution, Iranians had been trained in maintenance of sophisticated aircraft and helicopters at state-of-the-art depots built at Isfahan and Mehrabad. Ground had been broken for aircraft production factories outside of Isfahan, but no substantial training, tooling, or technology transfer had occurred. With a view to the future, the Shah's government reserved three internationally-allocated positions in geosynchronous orbit for Iran.

The new Islamic Republic abandoned most of these militaristic plans, but the harsh reality of the war with Iraq changed the mind of the government. The American aircraft and missiles were kept in operation, first with the assistance of Filipino maintenance specialists, then using predominately locally-trained staff. Iran decided to acquire its own ballistic missiles to match those of Iraq. Details remain murky, but from some combination of Syria, Libya, North Korea, Russia, and China, Iran acquired up to a dozen launchers and several hundred rockets of various models of R-17 Scud missiles. As many as 231 Iranian Scuds were fired at Baghdad during the 'War of the Cities' in 1988. The necessary tooling and raw stock to open a factory for manufacture of the Scud-B were said to have been purchased from North Korea in 1988, but without missiles being immediately produced. Other stories in the 1990's spoke of Russian assistance in transferring more advanced R-12 missile technology.

Whatever the real circumstances, by the end of the 1990's Iran had acquired the necessary technology, materials, and expertise to begin production of the North Korean Nodong-1 missile as the Shahab-3. This was followed by indigenous Iranian modifications and improvements, leading to test firing of an improved Shahab-3 in late 2004. This was said to be the basis of a space launcher, to be launched by Iranian New Year (No Ruz), March 21, 2005.

Iranian work on satellites was renewed in the mid-1990's in parallel with the development of the necessary rocketry. The Islamic Republic planned to share two of the geosynchronous slots reserved by the Shah 25 years earlier with others. However an Iranian satellite, dubbed Zohreh, would be placed in the third slot. Iranian intentions were thwarted when the United States blocked most countries from responding to Iran's tender calls for development of such a satellite.

To acquire satellite technology, it was decided that the Shahab-3-derived launch vehicle would be used to launch a completely indigenous Safir minimum satellite first. This would be followed by the Mesbah, developed in collaboration with Italy, as early as May 2005. A Mesbah-2 store-dump communications satellite would be deployed later. The constellation would be lofted in contracted launches from other countries. In January 2005, the long-blocked Zohreh geosynchronous satellite project finally went ahead with a contract signed with Russia.



People: Ansari. Engines: Nodong. Spacecraft: Fajr, Navid, Rasad, Sterkh, Mesbah-2, Safir Iran, Mesbah, Omid, Zohreh. Launch Vehicles: Emad, R-11, R-12, R-14, Oghab, Iran-130, Shahab 4, Shahab 3, Ashura, Safir, Sejjil. Launch Sites: Kermanshah, Mashad, Plesetsk, Khatami, Qom, Emamshahr, Semnan, Tabriz. Agency: IR, IRSA, AKO Polyot, Revolutionary Guards, Iran Telec.

1966 September 12 - .
  • Birth of Anousheh nee Raissyan Ansari - . Nation: Iran, USA. Related Persons: Ansari. Iranian-American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-11. First female space tourist. First Iranian in space..

1985 Mar - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 Mar - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 Mar - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 Mar - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 Mar - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 Mar - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 March 12 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Kirkuk - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 March 14 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Baghdad - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 May 1 - . Launch Site: Qom. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1994 November 6 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Ashraf - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 November 6 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Ashraf - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 November 6 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Ashraf - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1997 February - . LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 4.
  • Russo-Iranian technical assistance in rocketry - . Nation: Iran.

    Israel provided US intelligence agencies with a copy of a $7 million contract between NPO Trud and Iran for equipment related to the R-12 IRBM. Other Russian contributions included wind tunnel, software, and mathematical modelling services from TsAGI, Polyus for laser gyro systems, and development of a solid-fuel capability.


1998 July 22 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1998 August - . LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Iranian satellite launcher mockup exhibited - . Nation: Iran. Iranian television showed what appeared to be a mock-up of a clam-shell nosecone with a small satellite inside and a model of a space launch vehicle with a bulbous payload section, apparently based upon the Shahab 3 joint North Korean/Iranian IRBM..

1999 June 10 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Ashraf - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 June 10 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Ashraf - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 June 10 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Ashraf - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 November 2 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Habib - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 November 2 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Habib - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 November 2 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs Camp Habib - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2000 July 15 - . Launch Site: Mashad. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2000 September 21 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2000 December 29 - .
  • Iranian Comunications Satellite - . Nation: Iran.

    Iran's Telecommunications Corporation said it would select one satellite supplier from bids received from France, Russia, China and India. The long-planned Zohreh communication satellite would be the first domestic communications satellite to serve Iran's 60 millions population. A decision was expected in early 2001, but yet again it seemed the project was postponed.


2001 April 18 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs MKO camps - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 April 18 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs MKO camps - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 April 18 - . Launch Site: Kermanshah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • vs MKO camps - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 May 5 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 June 2 - . LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Fateh-110.
  • R&D - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

2002 July 4 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2003 June 1 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
2004 August 11 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2004 October 20 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2005 October 27 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Sinah-1 - . Mass: 160 kg (350 lb). Nation: Iran. Agency: AKO Polyot. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Sterkh. Spacecraft: Sterkh. USAF Sat Cat: 28893 . COSPAR: 2005-043D. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min.

    First Iranian satellite, with an experimental surveillance camera payload. It may have used the Russian Polyot enterprise's Sterkh satellite bus. The same bus was to be used in future Nadezhda satellites. The Strekh bus was said to accomodate 80-100 kg satellites, and be 1.0 m high and 0.4 m in diameter, with a design life of 5 years. Sinah was 160 kg, and 0.8 x 1.3 x 1.6 m in dimensions. Or it may have been a version of the previously-announced satellite dubbed Mesbah-2.


2006 January 17 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 May 22 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Shahab 3D test - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 Oct - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Kavoshgar. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar M5.
  • Kavoshgar-1 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

    Iran's president tours new space launch facilities and a rocket is launched, the first in the Kavoshgar series of biology missions. Announced in February 2008; however the project web site indicates Aban 1385, which corresponds to between 2006 October 22 to November 20.

  • Kavoshgar Class A - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2006 November 2 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Iranian multiple missile firings - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    The Iranians fired at least one Shahab-3 and "dozens of" Shahab-2, Zolfaghar-73, Scud B, Fath-110 and Zelzal missiles in a mass firing demonstration to kick off their Great Prophet 2 military exercise. It marked the first firing of the Shahab 3 by troops on exercise as opposed to a test flight. The Shahab 2 was reported to have demonstrated a 1,400-bomblet cluster bomb warhead.


2006 December 1 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2007 November 20 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Ashura.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 July 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

2008 August 16 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Second stage failed catastrophically..
  • Omid - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Omid. Spacecraft: Omid. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

    Iranian suborbital launch in support of development of an indigenous satellite launch capability. Western analysts claimed it was a failed satellite launch attempt, and that the second stage of the launch vehicle failed catastrophically at 152 km altitude.


2008 November 11 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil.
  • Sejjil-1 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).
  • Iran RV - . Nation: Iran. Technology payload..

2008 November 26 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Kavoshgar. Launch Vehicle: Nazeat 6H.
  • Kavoshgar-2 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Second in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule B recovery test..

2009 February 2 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Omid - . Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Omid. Spacecraft: Omid. Decay Date: 2009-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 33506 . COSPAR: 2009-004A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 55.5500 deg. Period: 90.70 min. First Iranian satellite launched by an Iranian launch vehicle..

2009 May 20 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Missile test - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Test.

2009 September 27 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Iran. Operational test.

2009 September 27 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Iran. Operational test.

2009 September 28 - . LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Iran. Operational test.

2009 September 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Sejjil RV - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Iran. Operational test.

2009 December 16 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Seijil test - . Nation: Iran. Test of two-stage solid-propellant IRBM, which Iran claimed was 'faster' (lower drag re-entry vehicel?) than earlier versions and had stealth capabilities. US authorities said they detected no different performance compared to earlier launches..

2010 February 3 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Kavoshgar. Launch Vehicle: Nazeat 6H.
  • Kavoshgar-3 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi). Third in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule B recovery test with turtles and mice aboard..

2010 August 20 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Qiam 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test mission..

2010 Oct - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Sejjil-2 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2011 Feb - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2011 Feb - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Sejjil-2 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2011 March 15 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar-4 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Fourth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test..
  • Kavoshgar Class C - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2011 June 15 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Rasad - . Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Rasad. Spacecraft: Rasad. Decay Date: 2011-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 37675 . COSPAR: 2011-025A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 55.7000 deg. Satellite with an imaging payload..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 September 7 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar-5 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Fifth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test; crashed on recover, monkey killed..
  • Kavoshgar Class C - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2012 February 3 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Navid - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navid. Spacecraft: Navid. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 38075 . COSPAR: 2012-005A. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Earth observation satellite with 400 m resolution built by Iran University of Science and Technology in Tehran..

2012 May 23? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 Aug - . LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Fateh-110.
  • R&D - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

2012 September 8 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar-6 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Sixth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test; crashed on recover, monkey killed..
  • Kavoshgar Class C - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2012 Sep 22? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 October 23 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Unha. Launch Vehicle: Unha-3. FAILURE: Launch vehicle exploded on pad, causing extensive damage..
  • Fajr - . Nation: Iran. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Payload of the failed launch was a 50 kg satellite built by Iran Electronics Industry, with an imaging sensor and a small thruster..

2013 January 28 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar Pishgam - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Seventh in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test; monkey recovered successfully..

2013 December 14 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Kavoshgar Pazhuhesh - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

    Eighth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule D recovery test. Launched from the Imam Khomeini Space Center in Semnan province on a 120 km suborbital flight, carrying a 3 kg, 3 year old rhesus monkey named Fargam. This was the fourth Iranian monkey in space, and the second to return successfully following the Kavoshgar Pisgham ('Pioneer Probe') mission in January 2013. The use of a liquid fuel missile provided gentler acceleration than the small solid propellant sounding rockets used for earlier experiments. The Kavoshgar Pazhuhesh ('Research Probe') flight was the first 'Class D' mission of the Kavoshgar series. The payload was developed by the Institute of Astronautical Systems, which I believe is part of the Aerospace Research Institute in Tehran.


2015 February 2 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Fajr - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Fajr. Spacecraft: Fajr. Decay Date: 2015-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 40387 . COSPAR: 2015-006A. Apogee: 469 km (291 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 55.5000 deg.

    Fourth Iranian satellite, and Iran's first successful orbital launch since February 2012. Fajr (Aurora) had a technology payload with a cold-gas thruster developed by Iran Electronics Industries. There is suggestive evidence (mostly based on satellite imagery of launch pad damage revealed by the magazine Jane's Intelligence Review) that Iran had two launch failures in 2012, as well as more speculative evidence of further launch failures since then. The satellite did not seem to make any orbital maneuvers. The orbit decayed from an initial 223 km x 470 km to 196 km x 293 km by February 22, and then after falling to 134 km x 155 km early on February 26 it reentered. The Safir rocket stage orbit decayed a bit more slowly, and was at 203 km x 325 km on Feb 26.


2015 October 11 - . LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Emad.
  • Emad RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Iran..

2016 March 8 - . Launch Site: Qom. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Qom Desert, Iran..
  • Qiam RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Qom Desert, Iran..
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Qom Desert, Iran..

2016 March 9 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Ghadr RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Makran, S Iran..
  • Ghadr RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Makran, S Iran..

2016 April 19 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Test payload - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission. Impacted in S Iran. It was reported that Iran's new Simorgh launch vehicle failed in its initial launch attempt on Apr 19. However, Russian sources suggested that it was a successful suborbital test flight of the rocket..

2017 January 24 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. Launch Vehicle: Ababil-100.
  • Ababeel RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Pakistan made the first test flight of its Ababeel missile, which appeared to be a Shaheen-3 with a third stage and a new payload of multiple reentry vehicles. Test mission. Impacted in Arab.Sea..

2017 January 29 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Khorramshahr.
  • RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

    Iran made the second known test flight of the Khorramshahr, which was suspected to be a medium range missile based on the Soviet R-27, similar to North Korea's Hwasong-10/Musudan. The missile's reentry vehicle failed to survive reentry, according to US sources.



Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2016 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use