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Meteor

Meteor

Meteor
Meteor satellite. Meteor-M and Meteor-Priroda were similar.

Russian earth weather satellite. The first Soviet weather satellite. Development began with a decree of 30 October 1960. The bus was the basis for a series of Russian earth weather satellites flown in three generations 1964-2009. The first generation bus was adapted for earth resource payloads and flown under the Resurs and Priroda designations as well.

Status: Operational 1964. First Launch: 1964-08-28. Last Launch: 2014-07-08. Number: 12 . Gross mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb).

Work began in 1961 at OKB-586 GKOT; in 1962 it was transferred to NII-627. Final development was completed in 1964. The Meteor system subcontractors were:

  • VNII-380 GKRE Rosselevich - television
  • OKB Geofizika GKOT - Khrustalev - radiometer
  • NII-648 Mnatsakanian - radio technical system

The first of four launches were on Vostok-M boosters at 81.2 degree inclinations. The system finally was accepted for military service and went into operation in 1969.


More at: Meteor.

Subtopics

Meteor M 11F614 Russian earth weather satellite. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. Meteorology satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1964 - 1977.

Meteor-Priroda Russian earth land resources satellite. Meteorology, earth observation satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1974 - 1981. Used SP-1 bus.

Meteor-2 Russian earth weather satellite. Successor to the Meteor-1 weather satellite. Meteorology satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1975 - 1993. Used SP-1 bus.

Meteor-2-GVM Mass model of Meteor-2 satellite.

Astrofizika Russian earth geodetic satellite. Cosmos 1066. Based on the Meteor-1 bus but carried special optical instruments for the observation of lasers on Earth. Technology satellite built by VNIIEM, International. Launched 1978. Used Meteor Bus.

Resurs-OE Russian earth land resources satellite. Modified Meteor; prototype for Resurs-O1. Earth Observation satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1983. Used SP-1 bus.

Resurs-O2 Ukrainian earth land resources satellite. Study 1980. Earth Observation satellite built by NPP VNIIEM, USSR / Russia. Used SP-2 bus.

Interkosmos 22 (Bulgaria 1300, 11F65) Science satellite built by VNIIEM (bus); Bulgarian Space Research Institute (instruments) for Bulgarian Space Research Institute, Interkosmos, International. Launched 1981. Used Meteor Bus.

Meteor-3 Russian earth weather satellite. Meteor-3 began in 1972 as an improved replacement for the Meteor-2 weather satellite. Meteorology satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1984 - 1994. Used SP-2 bus.

Resurs-O1 Russian earth land resources satellite. A decree of 5 May 1977 authorized development of three earth resource satellites. Earth Observation satellite built by VNIIEM > NPP VNIIEM for NPO Planeta, Russia. Launched 1985 - 1988. Used SP-1 bus.

Resurs-O1 N3 (11F697) Earth Observation satellite built by VNIIEM => NPP VNIIEM for NPO Planeta, Russia. Launched 1994. Used SP-1 bus.

Resurs-O1 N4 (11F697) Earth Observation satellite built by VNIIEM => NPP VNIIEM for NPO Planeta, Russia. Launched 1998. Used SP-2 bus.

Meteor-3M Russian earth weather satellite. The Meteor-3 weather satellite was to be followed in 1996 by the first of the Meteor-3M class, which was finally put into orbit in 2001. No furthussian earth weather satellite. The Meteor-3 weather satellite was to be followed in 1996 by the first of the Meteor-3M class, which was finally put into orbit in 2001. No further launches, and succeeded by the Meteor-M in 2010. Meteorology satellite built by NPP VNIIEM for Roskosmos, Russia. Launched 2001. Used SP-2 bus.

Koronas Foton (Coronas Photon) Science, solar satellite built by NPP VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 2009. Used Meteor-M bus.

Meteor-M New-generation Russian weather satellite, successor to the Meteor-3M, with new electronics and designed for launch by the Soyuz ST launch vehicle rather than the discontinued Tsiklon-3 and non-Russian Zenit-2. Meteorology satellite built by NPP VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 2009 - 2014.

Meteor-M 3 Meteorology satellite built by NPP VNIIEM, Russia.

Family: Earth, Earth weathersat, Surveillance orbit. Country: Russia. Engines: Star 13A. Launch Vehicles: R-7, Vostok 8A92M, Soyuz-2-1B. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Plesetsk, Baikonur LC31, Plesetsk LC41/1. Agency: MOM, VNIIEM. Bibliography: 2, 279, 445, 474, 6.
Photo Gallery

Cosmos 118Cosmos 118
Credit: Manufacturer Image


MeteorMeteor
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Meteor-MMeteor-M
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Meteor-M 3Meteor-M 3
Credit: Manufacturer Image



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