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Earth weathersat
Category of spacecraft.



Subtopics

TIROS TIROS spacecraft were the beginning of a long series of American polar-orbiting meteorological satellites. The objective was to establish a global weather satellite system. Meteorology satellite operated by NASA, ESSA, USA. Launched 1960 - 1965.

Program 35 American earth weather satellite. First US weather satellite, classified for many years. Predecessor to the DMSP series of military satellites.

Meteor Russian earth weather satellite. The first Soviet weather satellite. Development began with a decree of 30 October 1960. The bus was the basis for a series of Russian earth weather satellites flown in three generations 1964-2009. The first generation bus was adapted for earth resource payloads and flown under the Resurs and Priroda designations as well.

Nimbus American earth weather satellite. Meteorology, experimental satellite built by RCA Astrospace for NASA, NOAA, USA. Launched 1964 - 1966. Used Nimbus Bus.

DMSP Block 4A American earth weather satellite. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Meteorology satellite built by RCA Astro for USAF, NRO, USA. Launched 1966 - 1967.

TOS American earth weather satellite. TOS spacecraft marked the first operational system of US polar-orbiting meteorological satellites.

Meteor M 11F614 Russian earth weather satellite. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. Meteorology satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1964 - 1977.

ITOS American earth weather satellite. ITOS was the follow-on to the TIROS series of polar-orbiting US weather satellites, and marked the beginning of the use of the NOAA designator. Meteorology satellite built by RCA Astro for NOAA, USA. Launched 1970 - 1971. Used TIROS-M Bus.

DMSP Block 5A American earth weather satellite. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Meteorology satellite built by RCA Astro, USA. Launched 1970 - 1971.

Eole satellite French earth weather satellite. Experimental weather satellite; received meteorological data from balloon network. Data relay satellite, France. Launched 1971.

DMSP Block 5B American earth weather satellite. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Meteorology satellite built by RCA Astro, USA. Launched 1971 - 1974.

SMS American earth weather satellite. Synchronous Meteorological Satellite. Satellite bus built by Space Systems Loral (ex Ford), USA.

DMSP Block 5C American earth weather satellite. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Meteorology satellite built by RCA Astro, USA. Launched 1974 - 1976.

Meteor-2 Russian earth weather satellite. Successor to the Meteor-1 weather satellite. Meteorology satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1975 - 1993. Used SP-1 bus.

GOES American earth weather satellite. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite. Meteorology satellite built by Philco-Ford for NASA (SMS) / NOAA (GOES), USA. Launched 1974 - 1978.

DMSP Block 5D American earth weather satellite. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. USA satellite built by RCA Astro for Meteorology, USA. Launched 1976 - 1980.

Himawari Japanese earth weather satellite. 5 launches, 1977.07.14 (Himawari 1) to 1995.03.18 (Himawari 5). The Geostationary Meteorological Satellite series were spin-stabilized satellites.

Meteosat European earth weather satellite. Meteorology satellite built by Aerospatiale for ESA => EUMETSAT, Europe. Launched 1977 - 1997.

Tiros N American earth weather satellite. Tiros N was part of the ongoing US series of polar-orbiting weather satellites. These were preceded by the TIROS series and the ITOS (Improved TIROS) series.

DMSP Block 5D-2 American earth weather satellite. DMSP 5D-2 was the military's sixth generation of weather satellites. Meteorology satellite built by RCA Astro → GE Astro → Martin Marietta → Lockheed Martin Astro, USA. Launched 1982 - 1997. Used the TIROS-N Bus bus.

Advanced Tiros N American earth weather satellite. merican earth weather satellite.

Meteor-3 Russian earth weather satellite. Meteor-3 began in 1972 as an improved replacement for the Meteor-2 weather satellite. Meteorology satellite built by VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1984 - 1994. Used SP-2 bus.

FY-1 Chinese earth weather satellite. The Feng Yun 1 meteorological satellites were launched into sun-synchronous 900 km, 99 deg inclination orbits by CZ-4 boosters from Taiyuan. Meteorology satellite built by SAST for National Satellite Meteorological Centre, China. Launched 1988 - 2002.

GOES-Next American earth weather satellite. Geostationary Environmental Satellite. Meteorology satellite built by Space Systems/Loral (SS/L) for NOAA, USA. Launched 1994 - 2001. Used the SSL-1300 bus.

Elektro Russian earth weather satellite. Elektro was to be the geostationary component of a third generation Soviet meteorological system. Following extended development, it flew only once, in 1994. Meteorology satellite built by NPP VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 1994.

Meteor (USA) American earth weather satellite. One launch, 1995.10.23, Meteor RV. Meteor commercial microgravity recoverable spacecraft built by EER Systems. Destroyed in failure of first test flight of Conestoga commercial launch vehicle.

FY-2 Chinese earth weather satellite. The Feng Yun 2 spin-stabilized geosynchronous meteorological spacecraft was slightly more massive than China's DFH-2 communications satellite. Meteorology satellite operated by National Satellite Meteorological Centre, China. Launched 1997 - 2014.

DMSP Block 5D-3 American earth weather satellite.merican earth weather satellite. Military spacecraft similar in design to the civilian NOAA weather satellites. Meteorology satellite built by Lockheed Martin for US Air Force, USA. Launched 1999 - 2014. Used the TIROS-N Bus bus.

Meteor-3M Russian earth weather satellite. The Meteor-3 weather satellite was to be followed in 1996 by the first of the Meteor-3M class, which was finally put into orbit in 2001. No furthussian earth weather satellite. The Meteor-3 weather satellite was to be followed in 1996 by the first of the Meteor-3M class, which was finally put into orbit in 2001. No further launches, and succeeded by the Meteor-M in 2010. Meteorology satellite built by NPP VNIIEM for Roskosmos, Russia. Launched 2001. Used SP-2 bus.

MSG European earth weather satellite. MSG (Meteosat Second Generation 1) was a European (EUMETSAT consortium) geostationary weather satellite. Meteorology satellite built by Alcatel Space for ESA, EUMETSAT, Europe. Launched 2002 - 2015.

METSAT Indian earth weather satellite. One launch, 2002.09.12. METSAT was an Indian (ISRO) meteorological, geostationary satellite designed to simultaneously obtain atmospheric cloud cover, water vapor, and temperature data.

Calipso American earth weather satellite. Earth Observation, Lidar satellite built by Alcatel Space for NASA, CNES, France. Launched 2006. Used the Proteus Bus bus.

Cloudsat American earth weather satellite. One launch, 2006.04.28. Earth Observation satellite built by Ball Aerospace for NASA, USAF STP (Space Test Program), USA. Launched 2006. Used the BCP-2000 bus.

Metop European earth weather satellite. MetOp was Europe's first polar-orbiting satellite dedicated to operational meteorology. Meteorology satellite built by Astrium for ESA, EUMETSAT, Europe. Launched 2006 - 2012. Used the PPF/SPOT Mk.3 bus.

FY-3 Chinese new generation polar orbit weather satellite. The FY-3 was equipped with new global, all-weather, multi-spectral, three-dimensional sensors. Meteorology satellite built by SAST for National Satellite Meteorological Centre, China. Launched 2008 - 2013.

Meteor-M New-generation Russian weather satellite, successor to the Meteor-3M, with new electronics and designed for launch by the Soyuz ST launch vehicle rather than the discontinued Tsiklon-3 and non-Russian Zenit-2. Meteorology satellite built by NPP VNIIEM, Russia. Launched 2009 - 2014.



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