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Tselina-O
Tselina-O
Tselina-O
Credit: Yuzhnoye
Ukrainian ELINT satellite. From 1965 to 1967 two dedicated ELINT systems were tested by the Soviet Union: Tselina and US. Both were routinely operated. ELINT satellite built by Yuzhnoye (prime), TsNII-108 GKRE (payload), Russia. Launched 1967 - 1982.

AKA: 11F616. Status: Operational 1967. First Launch: 1967-06-26. Last Launch: 1982-03-31. Number: 42 . Gross mass: 434 kg (956 lb).

The Ministry of Defense could not decide on a single system. The Navy used radio intelligence US-P and US-A variants. Tselina was developed into two systems: Tselina-O for general observations and Tselina-D for detailed observations. TsNII-108 GKRE (Zaslavskiy) developed the payload while V M Kovtunenko of OKB-586 build the satellite and launch vehicle.

From 1965 to 1967 two dedicated ELINT systems were tested by the Soviet Union: Tselina and US. Both were routinely operated. The Ministry of Defense could not decide on a single system. The Navy used radio intelligence US-P and US-A variants. Tselina was developed into two systems: Tselina-O for general observations and Tselina-D for detailed observations. TsNII-108 GKRE (Zaslavskiy) developed the payload while V M Kovtunenko of OKB-586 build the satellite and launch vehicle.

The first Tselina-O was launched by a Kosmos-3M in 1970. Although the Tselina-O was accepted for military service in 1971, delays in payload development and weight growth of the Tselina-D resulted in the whole Tselina system not being operational until 1976. Tselina-O was in use for 15 years and 60 launches. Constant improvement resulted in Tselina-O being abandoned in 1984 and all systems being put on Tselina-D.

Reliability of space systems was an issue with the military, and Tselina-O represented a particular problem. Due to urgency to deploy the system, there was not time to develop an adequate technical basis for first generation systems. The Tselina system of M E Zaslavskiy has been cited as a particular case in point. The availability of the system could not be guaranteed due to its developmental status. The classified nature of the work also hampered improvements. Only in the 1970's were reliability problems solved. Tselina-O had 10 high frequency reception channels. The Tselina-D and -O spacecraft were operated simultaneously to maximize results. The Tselina system not only localized and classified radio emitters but also characterized their functional regimes. It also characterized command traffic from military units, allowing targeting of those units by photo reconnaissance satellites.


More at: Tselina-O.

Family: Medium earth orbit, Military naval signals reconnsat, SIGINT, Surveillance. Country: Ukraine. Launch Vehicles: R-14, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 11K65M. Projects: Tselina. Launch Sites: Plesetsk, Plesetsk LC132/2, Plesetsk LC132/1. Agency: MO, Yuzhnoye. Bibliography: 102, 2, 279, 445, 474, 6, 13306, 13307.
Photo Gallery

Tselina-OTselina-O
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1967 June 26 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1967 October 30 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 189 - . Payload: Tselina-O Mass Model. Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1978-06-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 3021 . COSPAR: 1967-108A. Apogee: 599 km (372 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 73.8000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Possible ELINT satellite test..

1968 January 19 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 200 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1973-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 3100 . COSPAR: 1968-006A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1968 October 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 250 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1978-02-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 3526 . COSPAR: 1968-095A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1969 March 5 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 269 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1978-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 3775 . COSPAR: 1969-021A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 525 km (326 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1969 December 20 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 315 - . Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1979-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 4273 . COSPAR: 1969-107A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1970 April 7 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 330 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1979-06-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 4360 . COSPAR: 1970-024A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 250..

1970 December 16 - . 04:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 387 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 4806 . COSPAR: 1970-111A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 525 km (326 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 269..

1971 February 17 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 395 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-04-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 4955 . COSPAR: 1971-013A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 529 km (328 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 May 29 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 425 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1979-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 5253 . COSPAR: 1971-050A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 July 22 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1971 September 7 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 436 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 5461 . COSPAR: 1971-074A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 September 10 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 437 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5466 . COSPAR: 1971-075A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 436. Possible ELINT satellite..

1971 November 30 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 460 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 5628 . COSPAR: 1971-103A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1972 March 22 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 479 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 5894 . COSPAR: 1972-017A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1972 March 26 - .
  • Tselina-O accepted into military service. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of Tselina-O into armaments' was issued..

1972 July 10 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 500 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6097 . COSPAR: 1972-053A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 425..

1972 November 3 - . 01:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 536 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-07-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6272 . COSPAR: 1972-088A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1973 January 20 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 544 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6343 . COSPAR: 1973-003A. Apogee: 535 km (332 mi). Perigee: 528 km (328 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 460. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 February 28 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 549 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6373 . COSPAR: 1973-010A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 June 26 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Nine persons were killed in the explosion of the vehicle.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Nine killed in fuelling accident at Plesetsk - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. COSPAR: F730626BA. Nine were killed at the LC-133 Voskhod complex during preparation of a Kosmos-3M booster. Oxidiser and propellant were accidentally mixed together during fuelling..

1973 August 28 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 582 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 6802 . COSPAR: 1973-060A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 November 27 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 610 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6950 . COSPAR: 1973-093A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 February 6 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 631 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7109 . COSPAR: 1974-005A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 479. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 May 21 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 655 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 7306 . COSPAR: 1974-035A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 536. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 June 21 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 661 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 7339 . COSPAR: 1974-045A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 December 18 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 698 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7576 . COSPAR: 1974-100A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 549. Possible ELINT satellite..

1975 February 5 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 707 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7637 . COSPAR: 1975-008A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 491 km (305 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1975 July 4 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 749 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 8009 . COSPAR: 1975-062A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 509 km (316 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 610. Possible ELINT satellite..

1975 November 21 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 781 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 8444 . COSPAR: 1975-109A. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 698. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1976 January 6 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 787 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 8530 . COSPAR: 1976-001A. Apogee: 565 km (351 mi). Perigee: 509 km (316 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 655. Possible ELINT satellite..

1976 January 22 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 790 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 8604 . COSPAR: 1976-007A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 631. Possible ELINT satellite..

1976 April 6 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 812 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 8794 . COSPAR: 1976-031A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 508 km (315 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 544. Possible ELINT satellite..

1976 July 27 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. Launch Pad: LC132/2?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 845 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 9053 . COSPAR: 1976-075A. Apogee: 597 km (370 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Replaced Cosmos 812. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1976 December 2 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 870 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 9573 . COSPAR: 1976-115A. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 500. Possible ELINT satellite..

1977 March 24 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 899 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 9883 . COSPAR: 1977-022A. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi). Perigee: 503 km (312 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 437. Possible ELINT satellite..

1977 July 4 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 924 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-02-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 10129 . COSPAR: 1977-060A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 436. Possible ELINT satellite..

1977 October 25 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 960 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 10430 . COSPAR: 1977-103A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 502 km (311 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 870. Possible ELINT satellite..

1978 May 17 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1008 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-01-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 10898 . COSPAR: 1978-049A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 845. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1978 December 15 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1062 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11150 . COSPAR: 1978-115A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 899. Possible ELINT satellite..

1979 July 11 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1114 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11449 . COSPAR: 1979-065A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 924. Possible ELINT satellite..

1980 October 14 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1215 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1983-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 12016 . COSPAR: 1980-083A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 493 km (306 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Radar calibration. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1982 March 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1345 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1989-09-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 13118 . COSPAR: 1982-026A. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .


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