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Israel
Palmachim
Palmachim
Credit: © Mark Wade
Israel



People: Ramon, Mayo. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000, Ofeq 1-2, , Gurwin, Ofeq 3, AMOS, Ofeq 5, Cubesat, Negev 5, Tecsar. Launch Vehicles: R-7, Proton, MD-620, R-29, Ariane, Jericho II, Shaviyt, Arrow, Arrow 1, Jericho-1, PSLV, Shaviyt 1, Arrow 2, LeoLink LK-1, LeoLink LK-2, Arrow 3. Projects: Ofeq. Launch Sites: Mediterranean Sea, Baikonur, Ile du Levant, Plesetsk, Barents Sea Launch Area, Kourou, Palmachim, Negev, Svobodniy, Dombarovskiy. Stages: LK-4, IAI-Arrow-2-1500, IAI-Arrow-2-500, IAI-Arrow-1, Jericho II engine, LK-1 engine. Agency: SIS, RVSN, ISRO, Dassault, IDF, ISA, IAI, TUB, Technion, St.

1954 June 20 - .
  • Birth of Ilan Ramon - . Nation: Israel. Related Persons: Ramon. Jewish-Israeli pilot payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. First Israeli astronaut. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry..

1954 September 14 - .
  • Birth of Itzhak Mayo - . Nation: Israel. Related Persons: Mayo. Jewish-Israeli pilot payload specialist astronaut, 1997-2000..

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Tir 1 test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). First launch of prototype single-stage MD.620..

1965 December 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 March 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Bietage test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). First launch of two-stage version of MD.620..

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Final test launch of Jericho/MD.620 from France. Full French military embargo of Israel took effect in January 1969 after an Israeli raid on Beirut in December 1968..

1987 May 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 January 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho II.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 September 19 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt.
  • Ofeq-1 - . Mass: 155 kg (341 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Program: Ofeq. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 1-2. Decay Date: 1989-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 19519 . COSPAR: 1988-087A. Apogee: 1,149 km (713 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 142.9000 deg. Period: 98.80 min.

    First Israeli launch; possibly experimental surveillance mission. Experimental satellite 'Offeq-1'. Launch time 0934 GMT. Location: site on the coast south of Tel-Aviv. Launching organization: Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd (IAI) and Israeli Space Agency (ISA). Function: 1) Experimentation in generation of solar power; 2) Experimentation in transmission reception from space; 3) Verification of system's ability to withstand vacuum and weightless conditions; 4) Data collection on space environment conditions and Earth's magnetic field.


1989 September 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1990 April 3 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt.
  • Ofeq-2 - . Mass: 160 kg (350 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Program: Ofeq. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 1-2. Decay Date: 1990-07-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 20540 . COSPAR: 1990-027A. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 143.2000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Communication experiments. .

1990 August 9 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1990 December 21 - . Launch Site: Negev. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho-1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 March 25 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1991 October 30 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1991 October 30 - . Launch Site: Negev. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho-1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 September 23 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 February 28 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 February 28 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 July 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 October 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 October 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1994 March 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1994 June 12 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1994 September 15 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 'Ofeq? - . Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 March 28 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC158. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Start. FAILURE: Fell in Sea of Okhotsk.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Gurwin 1 - . Payload: TECHSAT-1. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: RVSN. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Gurwin. Decay Date: 1995-03-28 .

1995 April 5 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq-3 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. Decay Date: 2000-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 23549 . COSPAR: 1995-018A. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 366 km (227 mi). Inclination: 143.4000 deg. Period: 94.50 min.

1995 July 30 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1996 February 20 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1996 May 16 - . 01:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Amos 1 - . Mass: 996 kg (2,195 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Program: Amos. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Amos. USAF Sat Cat: 23865 . COSPAR: 1996-030B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. 7 Ku-band transponders Geostationary at 4.1W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 4 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 4.04 deg W drifting at 0.001 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 4.01W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

1996 August 20 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1996 August 20 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1997 March 11 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1997 August 19 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1997 August 19 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1998 January 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed during second stage burn.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Ofeq-4 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. Fell in Mediterranean Sea..

1998 July 7 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'-1.
  • Shtil 1 - . Payload: Shtil-1 instr. package. Nation: Israel. Manufacturer: TuB. Spacecraft: Shtil. Decay Date: 2014-05-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 25391 . COSPAR: 1998-042C. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 79.0000 deg.

    The first satellite launch from a submarine. The Shtil-1 launch vehicle was a converted R-29RM (RSM-54) three stage liquid propellant submarine launched ballistic missile made by the Makeyev design bureau. The satellite payload is placed in the standard R-29RM reentry vehicle. The launch plaform was the K-407 Novomoskovsk, a 667BDRM Delfin class submarine of the Russian Northern Fleet's 3rd Flotilla. Launch was from the Barents Sea at 69.3 degrees N x 35.3 degrees E. The Shtil contained an Israeli instrument package.


1998 July 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Gurwin Techsat 1B - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: Technion. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Gurwin. USAF Sat Cat: 25397 . COSPAR: 1998-043D. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Built by Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. Replaced earlier Russian-launched Techsat which failed to orbit in 1995..

1998 September 14 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1999 November 1 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1999 November 1 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2000 April 6 - . Launch Site: Negev. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho-1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2000 September 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-5 Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2000 September 14 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2000 December 5 - . Launch Site: Svobodniy. Launch Complex: Svobodniy LC5. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Start-1.
  • EROS A1 - . Mass: 240 kg (520 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ImageSat. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. Decay Date: 2016-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 26631 . COSPAR: 2000-079A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 533 km (331 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.40 min.

    Launch delayed from November 28. The Israeli commercial imaging satellite EROS A1 was owned by ImageSat (an Israeli-led company registered in the Netherlands Antilles) and built by IAI using the Ofeq-3 design. EROS A1 was placed in a sun-synchronous orbit together with the DS 5th stage. The 250 kg (dry mass) triaxially stabilized spacecraft carried a black and white high resolution (1.8 m) CCD camera, to obtain images (with terrain width of 12.6 km) of locations chosen by Israeli military or world-wide commercial clients, and downlink them at one of the 14 ground stations.


2001 June 27 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho II.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 August 27 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2001 August 27 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-6 Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 May 28 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq-5 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. USAF Sat Cat: 27434 . COSPAR: 2002-025A. Apogee: 757 km (470 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 143.5000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.

    Military Observation satellite. Return to flight of the Shavit booster following a lauanch failure. Launch delayed from third quarter 2001. The three-stage Shavit rocket took off from Palmachim Air Force Base on the Israeli coast and flew westward to put the satellite in a retrograde orbit. The AUS-51 third stage solid motor entered a 262 x 774 km x 143.5 deg orbit and separated from the Ofeq satellite. Both coasted up to apogee at around 1620 UTC when Ofeq made a burn to increase its velocity by 33 m/s, raising the orbit to 369 x 771 km x 143.5 deg.


2003 January 5 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-8 ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

2003 December 16 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2003 December 16 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-9 Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

2003 December 27 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Amos 2 - . Mass: 996 kg (2,195 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Starsem. Program: Amos. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Amos. USAF Sat Cat: 28132 . COSPAR: 2003-059A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0600 deg. Period: 1,436.14 min. Intermediate orbit shown. Fregat stage later placed Amos-2 in geostationary orbit. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 4.00W drifting at 0.003W degrees per day..

2004 September 6 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1. FAILURE: Third stage orientation failure at 270 seconds into the flight. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Ofeq-6 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. Military observation satellite failed to reach orbit. Finanical loss estimated by Israeli press as $ 100 million..

2005 December 2 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2005 December 2 - . 08:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST? Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2006 April 25 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Svobodniy. Launch Complex: Svobodniy LC5. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Start-1.
  • EROS-B - . Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ImageSat. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. USAF Sat Cat: 29079 . COSPAR: 2006-014A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Combined civilian/military imaging satellite operated by an Israeli company incorporated in the Cayman Islands. Its capability was demonstrated when, within days of launch, sharp photographs of people and motor vehicles on a Syrian dam were released..

2007 February 11 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Black Sparrow.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 February 11 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 March 26 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 June 10 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq-7 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. USAF Sat Cat: 31601 . COSPAR: 2007-025A. Apogee: 576 km (357 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 141.8000 deg. Period: 93.80 min. Israeli optical reconnaisance satellite, evidently using an improved version of the Shavit booster and probably heavier and more capable than its predecessors..

2008 January 17 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho III.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 January 21 - . Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Tecsar - . Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISRO. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Tecsar. USAF Sat Cat: 32476 . COSPAR: 2008-002A. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 41.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Israeli military radar/optical surveillance satellite using synthetic aperture X-band radar, with estimated 10 cm radar and 1 m optical ground resolution..

2008 April 15 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Blue Sparrow.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2008 April 28 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB.
  • Amos 3 - . Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: SIS. Program: Amos. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Amos. USAF Sat Cat: 32794 . COSPAR: 2008-022A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite. The Block DM stage made three burns to deliver the payload into geostationary orbit..

2009 April 7 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2010 June 22 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq 9 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. USAF Sat Cat: 36608 . COSPAR: 2010-031A. Apogee: 586 km (364 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 141.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Israeli optical surveillance satellite..

2011 Q4? - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 3.
  • Canister eject test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

2011 November 2 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho III.
  • Jericho III test - . Nation: Israel. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Test mission. Believed to be second test of an improved Jericho missile..

2011 December 11 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Amos 5 - . Payload: Ekspress-1000N. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Israel. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 37950 . COSPAR: 2011-074A. Apogee: 36,056 km (22,404 mi). Perigee: 35,690 km (22,170 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,440.50 min. Communications satellite operated by IAI Spacecom..

2012 February 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mediterranean Sea. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Blue Sparrow.
  • Radar target - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2013 February 25 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 3.
  • Arrow KV - . Nation: Israel. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM - exoatmospheric interceptor test..

2013 July 12 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho III.
  • Jericho RV - . Nation: Israel. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Developmental test.

2013 August 31 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB.
  • Amos 4 - . Mass: 4,260 kg (9,390 lb). Nation: Israel. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Amos. USAF Sat Cat: 39237 . COSPAR: 2013-045A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min. Communications satellite for Spacecom company of Tel Aviv. Built by IAI-MBT with a mass much greater than previous AMOS satellites. Bus is probably around 5.0 x 2.5m with a span across the two solar arrays in the 12 to 15 meter range..

2013 September 3 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Mediterranean sea. Launch Complex: F-15. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Silver Sparrow.
  • Radar target - . Nation: Israel. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    ABM Target. First Silver Sparrow target missile on a suborbital flight from an F-15 airplane over the Mediterranean Sea. Launched eastward towards the Israeli coast, for tests of Israeli missile defense radars. The flight's detection by Russian tracking systems led to some initial public consternation until the mission was acknowledged by Israel.


2014 January 3 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 3.
  • Arrow KV - . Nation: Israel. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Missile test.

2014 April 9 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq-10 - . Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Israel. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Tecsar. USAF Sat Cat: 39650 . COSPAR: 2014-019A. Apogee: 598 km (371 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 140.9400 deg. Period: 94.48 min. Reportedly carried a radar imaging (SAR) payload..

2014 June 19 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Duchifat 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Israel. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40021 . COSPAR: 2014-033M. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 601 km (373 mi). Inclination: 97.9700 deg. Period: 96.94 min. 1U cubesat by the Herzliya Science Center..

2014 September 9 - . Launch Site: Mediterranean Sea. Launch Complex: F-15. Launch Vehicle: Blue Sparrow.
  • Sparrow Target - . Nation: Israel. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM test target. Missile defense test using a Blue Sparrow missile which is thought to fly a slightly exoatmospheric trajectory, although the Arrow 2 interceptor itself would not have left the atmosphere..

2014 December 16 - . Launch Site: Mediterranean Sea. Launch Complex: F-15. Launch Vehicle: Blue Sparrow.
  • Target - . Nation: Israel. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Israeli target missile launched over the Mediterranean. It was not clear which of the Blue/Black/Sliver Sparrow family was used. Launch of the Arrow 3 missile meant to intercept it was scrubbed..

2015 December 10 - . 06:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Mediterranean Sea. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Silver Sparrow.
  • Target - . Nation: Israel. Type: ABM Target. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Target mission. Intercepted..
  • Arrow 3 KV - . Nation: Israel. Type: ABM Interceptor. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Interceptor mission..

2016 September 13 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shavit.
  • 'Ofeq-11 - . Nation: Israel. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Tecsar. USAF Sat Cat: 41759 . COSPAR: 2016-056A. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 141.0000 deg. Ofeq-11 spy satellite, thought to be ususal retrograde orbit. It was reported that Israeli mission controllers were working to correct unspecified technical problems with the payload..

2017 February 15 - . 03:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • BGUSat - . Nation: Israel. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41999 . COSPAR: 2017-008BD. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 496 km (308 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Cubesat for SpacePharma (a Swiss/Israeli company), Ben Gurion University.
  • Dido-2 - . Nation: Israel. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 42000 . COSPAR: 2017-008BE. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 496 km (308 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.


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