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R-29
R-29R
R-29R
Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First intercontinental submarine-launched ballistic missile (range 7800 km). First flight 1969. Development completed 1973. The variants of this missile were given three different DoD designations over the years (SS-N-8, SS-N-18, and SS-N-23).

AKA: 4K75;D-8;RSM-40;Sawfly;SS-N-8 Mod 1;Vysota. Status: Active. Payload: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Gross mass: 32,800 kg (72,300 lb). Height: 13.20 m (43.30 ft). Diameter: 1.80 m (5.90 ft). Span: 1.80 m (5.90 ft).

Maximum range: 7,700 km (4,700 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 1,000 KT. CEP: 1.56 km (0.96 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1973.



Subtopics

Vysota Russian intercontinental ballistic suborbital launch vehicle. Two stage vehicle based on R-29D SLBM. Suborbital; 30-55 min zero G. Payload volume 0.7 cu. m. Payload 115 kg to 5200 km or 1150 kg to 200 km. Liftoff mass 33 metric tons.

Volna Russian launch vehicle based on surplus R-29RL submarine launched ballistic missiles. Suborbital and orbital versions. Payload volume 1.3 cu. M. Payload 115 kg to 3000 km or 1250 kg to 200 km altitude suborbital trajectories, or 120 (260 lb) kg to a 200 km orbit. Liftoff mass 34 metric tons.

R-29D Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1976. Development completed 1974 according to Makeyev.

R-29K Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1977.

R-29RL Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1981. SLBM on Delta 2 subs. 7 MIRV

Shtil' Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM.

Shtil-3A Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Proposed four-stage air-launched orbital launch vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM. Ignition mass 46 metric tons.

Shtil-3N Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Proposed orbital launch vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM with new third and additional fourth stages. Stationary launch. Liftoff mass 46 metric tons.

R-29RM Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. SLBM on Delta 4 subs. First flight June 1983. Developed 1973-1986.

Sineva Russian liquid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile derived from R-29RM. First launch 2004-02-18; entered service 2007. Competitor was the solid-propellant Bulava.

Layner Russian missile derived from R-29RM SLBM.

R-29R Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1975; Nov 1978 first sub launch. Developed 1973-1977. 3 MIRV

Family: submarine-launched. Country: Russia. Spacecraft: Parus, Tubsat, Kompas. Agency: Makeyev bureau. Bibliography: 193, 2, 279.
Photo Gallery

VolnaVolna



1969 March 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 June 21 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 December 15 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: K-145. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 Jan - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-145. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 Mar - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-145. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 Apr - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-145. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 May - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-145. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 25 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 28 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 28 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Oct - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Oct - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1977 Q1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 18 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 20 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 September 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 September 7 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Caused UFO sighting - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA2. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1993 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 June 6 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volan? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,270 km (780 mi).

1996 June 28 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 June 28 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 June 28 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 July 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 July 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA3. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 October 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 January 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 July 23 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 19 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 19 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 July 7 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'-1.
  • Shtil 1 - . Payload: Shtil-1 instr. package. Nation: Israel. Manufacturer: TuB. Spacecraft: Shtil. Decay Date: 2014-05-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 25391 . COSPAR: 1998-042C. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 79.0000 deg.

    The first satellite launch from a submarine. The Shtil-1 launch vehicle was a converted R-29RM (RSM-54) three stage liquid propellant submarine launched ballistic missile made by the Makeyev design bureau. The satellite payload is placed in the standard R-29RM reentry vehicle. The launch plaform was the K-407 Novomoskovsk, a 667BDRM Delfin class submarine of the Russian Northern Fleet's 3rd Flotilla. Launch was from the Barents Sea at 69.3 degrees N x 35.3 degrees E. The Shtil contained an Israeli instrument package.

  • Tubsat-N - . Mass: 8.00 kg (17.60 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: VMF. Manufacturer: TuB. Program: Tubsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tubsat. Spacecraft: Tubsat. Decay Date: 2002-04-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 25389 . COSPAR: 1998-042A. Apogee: 776 km (482 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 78.9000 deg. Period: 96.40 min.

    The first satellite launch from a submarine. The Shtil-1 launch vehicle was a converted Makeyev R-29RM SLBM. The satellite payload was placed in the standard re-entry vehicle. The launch platform was the K-407 Novomoskovsk, a 667BDRM Delfin class submarine of the Russian Northern Fleet 3rd Flotilla. The launch was made from a firing range in the Barents Sea off the coast of the Kolskiy Peninsula, at 35.3 deg E 69.3 deg N. The payloads were the Tubsat-N and Tubsat-N1 `nanosatellites'. Tubsat-N entered a 400 x 776 km x 78.9 deg orbit. Both carried small store-forward communications payloads used to keep track of transmitters placed on vehicles, migrating animals, and marine buoys. They are owned, operated and built by the Technische Universitat Berlin (TUB). Tubsat-N was the larger of the pair, with dimensions of 32x32x10.4 cm and a mass of 8.5 kg.

  • Tubsat-N1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: VMF. Manufacturer: TuB. Program: Tubsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tubsat. Spacecraft: Tubsat. Decay Date: 2000-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 25390 . COSPAR: 1998-042B. Apogee: 776 km (482 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 78.9000 deg. Period: 96.30 min.

    The dual Tubsat-N/Tubsat-N1 repersented the Technical University of Berlin's first Nanosatellite project. Tubsat-N1 measured 32x32x3.4cm and had a mass of 3 kg. The technology demonstrator satellite provided store and forward communications and conducted attitude control experiments.


1998 August 21 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 April 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 October 1 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-211. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 October 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1999 October 2 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-211. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 March 27 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Three launches in one day from two submarines..

2000 March 27 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 April 6 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 September 12 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 December 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 February 16 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 June 5 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 July 20 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Cosmos 1 Solar Sail Spacecraft test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 412 km (256 mi).

    Launch delayed from April 26 and July 19 failure. The Russian Navy launched a three-stage R-29R Volna from the submarine Borisoglebsk in the Barents Sea on a suborbital flight. The payload was a joint project between the Planetary Society and NPO Lavochkin's Babakin center, and consisted of a solar sail deployment test with an inflatable reentry shield. The payload failed to separate from the final stage.


2001 September 18 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 September 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 September 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 October 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: BELA. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from a Russian submarine in the White Sea Launch Area off Arkhangelsk - Latitude: 65.5 N, Longitude:38 E..

2002 July 12 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-44. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • IRDT-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    The Russian Navy launched the IRDT-2 spacecraft using a surplus R-29R Volna from the submarine K-44 Ryazan. The spacecraft was launched on a suborbital trajectory from the Barents Sea and landed in Kamchatka. After third stage separation the IRDT fired a boost motor to increase its speed and then inflated the first stage of its heat shield.


2002 October 12 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 October 12 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2003 September 2 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • (Chizha) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2003 October 15 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: BLA. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • RSM-54 test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF.

2004 February 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sineva operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Failure - destroyed 98 seconds after launch. Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 March 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 March 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 June 29 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 8 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 8 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). SLBM Test - second launch in one day..

2004 November 2 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RSM-54 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2005 June 21 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cosmos 1 - . Payload: Solnechny Parus. Mass: 103 kg (227 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Planetary Society. Manufacturer: Lavochkin bureau. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus.

    Launched from SSBN Borisoglebsk. First orbital flight attempt of converted SLBM. Payload was solar sail demonstrator. Delayed from late 2001; March 20 and October 2002; late March, August 28 and October, 2003; February, March, April 6, May 20 and 31, 2005.


2005 August 17 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RSM-54 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2005 September 30 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RSM-50 Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Search for payload at reentry site was unsuccessful. Delayed from fourth quarter 2003, May and October 2004, July 5/8, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2005 October 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • IRDT-2R re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Germany. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    Suborbital test of the Demonstrator inflatable reentry technology test vehicle. The reentry vehicle could not be located in the Kamchatka Peninsula impact zone and was not recovered. Test delayed from the fourth quarter of 2003, then May and October 2004, then July 5, July 8, September 15, September 27, 2005.


2005 October 7 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RSM-54 Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 May 26 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'-1.
  • Kompass-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Izmiran. Manufacturer: Makeyev bureau. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kompas. Spacecraft: Kompas. Decay Date: 2011-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 29157 . COSPAR: 2006-019A. Apogee: 492 km (305 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 78.9000 deg. Period: 93.50 min.

    Complex Orbital Magneto-Plasma Autonomous Small Satellite. Earthquake research satellite for the Moscow-based IZMIRAN science institute. The satellite carried detectors for electrons, UHF/VHF waves, UV emission and radiation, a radio frequency analyser for electric field waves, and a Mayak ionospheric beacon. Reports indicated that the satellite did not respond to ground commands and that its mission was abandoned.


2006 June 30 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • R-29RM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 September 9 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Pad: Arctic Ocean, 90.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • R-29RM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    Submarine K-84 Ekaterinburg launched the missile while surfaced in the ice pack from a polar location toward the Chizha impact zone on the Kanin Peninsula. The three warheads were reported to have successfuly reached their targets. This was the first Russian launch from the icepack since 29 August 1995.


2006 September 10 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 47.0 N x 152.0 E. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • R-29R test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Submarine K-433 St Georgiy Pobedonosets launched the missile from the Pacific near Simushir Island towards an impact zone on the Kanin Peninsula. The two warheads were reported to have successfully reached their targets..

2007 August 7 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-211. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • 1 RV SLBM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 December 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 December 25 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 August 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-44. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 October 11 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • (Pacific) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 October 12 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 October 12 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-506. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • (Chizha) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 July 13 - . Launch Site: North Pole. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Sineva Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test.

2009 July 13 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: North Pole. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Kura - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 October 6 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volna RV - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Operational test.

2009 October 7 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-44. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volna RV - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Operational test.

2009 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Sineva - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Operational test.

2010 March 4 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Sineva 4 RV's - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test launch.

2010 August 6 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test..

2010 August 6 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test..

2010 October 28 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test..

2010 October 28 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test..

2011 April 26 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test.

2011 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Layner.
  • 4 x RV - . Nation: Russia. Operational test..
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2011 July 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x ? - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Launched from the Barents Sea to the Kura test range..

2011 September 29 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Layner.
  • 10 RVs - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). R&D mission. Second test flight of the R-29MU2.1 Layner missile from submarine K-114 Tula. The R-29MU2.1 is a version of the R-29MU2 Sineva missile but carrying up to 10 reentry vehicles..
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 October 19 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test launch of an R-29R SLBM from the K-433 submarine in the Sea of Okhotsk to the Chiza test range..

2013 October 30 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from a sub in the Sea of Okhotsk to Chizha. One of a series of missiles launched on the same day as part of a large scale Russian military exercise..

2013 October 30 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: K-117. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    Launched from a sub in the Barents Sea to Kura. One of a series of missiles launched on the same day as part of a large scale Russian military exercise. One Iskander-M and three Tochka-U short range missiles were also launched from Kapustin Yar to unknown targets


2014 May 8 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: K-114. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Shtil' RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Military Exercise.

2014 May 8 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volna RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Military Exercise.

2014 November 5 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test flight..

2015 October 30 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • R-29RM RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kura, Kamchatka..
  • R-29 RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kanin Penisula..

2015 December 12 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-51. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x 4? - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Kura, Kamchatka..

2016 October 12 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Kura..
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Chiza..


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