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Volna
Part of R-29 Family
Volna
Volna
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian launch vehicle based on surplus R-29RL submarine launched ballistic missiles. Suborbital and orbital versions. Payload volume 1.3 cu. M. Payload 115 kg to 3000 km or 1250 kg to 200 km altitude suborbital trajectories, or 120 (260 lb) kg to a 200 km orbit. Liftoff mass 34 metric tons.

AKA: RSM-50; SS-N-18; Volna SLV. Status: Active. First Launch: 1975-01-01. Last Launch: 2015-10-30. Number: 46 . Payload: 120 kg (260 lb). Thrust: 682.00 kN (153,319 lbf). Gross mass: 35,300 kg (77,800 lb). Height: 14.10 m (46.20 ft). Diameter: 1.90 m (6.20 ft). Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

LEO Payload: 120 kg (260 lb) to a 200 km orbit. Maximum range: 6,500 km (4,000 mi).

Family: ICBM, orbital launch vehicle, Sea-Launched, submarine-launched. Country: Russia. Spacecraft: Parus. Launch Sites: White Sea Launch Area, Barents Sea Launch Area, Nenoksa, Okhotsk. Stages: Volna-1, Volna-2. Agency: Makeyev bureau. More at: 8758.


Photo Gallery

V-601V-601
Credit: © Mark Wade



1975 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1977 Q1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 September 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 September 7 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Caused UFO sighting - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1993 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 June 6 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volan? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,270 km (780 mi).

1997 January 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 July 23 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 August 21 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 April 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 October 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1999 October 1 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-211. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 October 2 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-211. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 April 6 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 July 20 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Cosmos 1 Solar Sail Spacecraft test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 412 km (256 mi).

    Launch delayed from April 26 and July 19 failure. The Russian Navy launched a three-stage R-29R Volna from the submarine Borisoglebsk in the Barents Sea on a suborbital flight. The payload was a joint project between the Planetary Society and NPO Lavochkin's Babakin center, and consisted of a solar sail deployment test with an inflatable reentry shield. The payload failed to separate from the final stage.


2001 September 18 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 July 12 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-44. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • IRDT-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    The Russian Navy launched the IRDT-2 spacecraft using a surplus R-29R Volna from the submarine K-44 Ryazan. The spacecraft was launched on a suborbital trajectory from the Barents Sea and landed in Kamchatka. After third stage separation the IRDT fired a boost motor to increase its speed and then inflated the first stage of its heat shield.


2002 October 12 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2003 September 2 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • (Chizha) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 8 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). SLBM Test - second launch in one day..

2004 November 2 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RSM-54 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2005 June 21 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cosmos 1 - . Payload: Solnechny Parus. Mass: 103 kg (227 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Planetary Society. Manufacturer: Lavochkin bureau. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus.

    Launched from SSBN Borisoglebsk. First orbital flight attempt of converted SLBM. Payload was solar sail demonstrator. Delayed from late 2001; March 20 and October 2002; late March, August 28 and October, 2003; February, March, April 6, May 20 and 31, 2005.


2005 September 30 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RSM-50 Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Search for payload at reentry site was unsuccessful. Delayed from fourth quarter 2003, May and October 2004, July 5/8, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2005 October 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • IRDT-2R re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Germany. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    Suborbital test of the Demonstrator inflatable reentry technology test vehicle. The reentry vehicle could not be located in the Kamchatka Peninsula impact zone and was not recovered. Test delayed from the fourth quarter of 2003, then May and October 2004, then July 5, July 8, September 15, September 27, 2005.


2006 September 10 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 47.0 N x 152.0 E. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • R-29R test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Submarine K-433 St Georgiy Pobedonosets launched the missile from the Pacific near Simushir Island towards an impact zone on the Kanin Peninsula. The two warheads were reported to have successfully reached their targets..

2007 August 7 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-211. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • 1 RV SLBM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 August 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-44. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 October 12 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-506. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • (Chizha) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 October 6 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volna RV - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Operational test.

2009 October 7 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-44. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volna RV - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Operational test.

2010 October 28 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test..

2012 October 19 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test launch of an R-29R SLBM from the K-433 submarine in the Sea of Okhotsk to the Chiza test range..

2013 October 30 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from a sub in the Sea of Okhotsk to Chizha. One of a series of missiles launched on the same day as part of a large scale Russian military exercise..

2014 May 8 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Volna RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Military Exercise.

2015 October 30 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • R-29 RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted Kanin Penisula..


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