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Start-1
Part of Topol' Family
Start-1
Start-1
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian orbital launch vehicle. Launch vehicle based on decommissioned ICBM's. Launched from mobile transporter. Liftoff mass 47 metric tons.

AKA: 15Zh58;L-1;RT-2PM;SL-18;Topol. Status: Active. First Launch: 1993-03-25. Last Launch: 2006-04-25. Number: 5 . Payload: 632 kg (1,393 lb). Thrust: 887.40 kN (199,495 lbf). Gross mass: 47,200 kg (104,000 lb). Height: 22.70 m (74.40 ft). Diameter: 1.61 m (5.28 ft). Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

LEO Payload: 632 kg (1,393 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 52.00 degrees. Payload: 500 kg (1,100 lb) to a 407 km 51.6 deg orbit. Launch Price $: 9.000 million in 1999 dollars.

Stage Data - Start-1

  • Stage 1. 1 x Start-1. Gross Mass: 26,000 kg (57,000 lb). Empty Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Thrust (vac): 980.000 kN (220,310 lbf). Isp: 263 sec. Burn time: 60 sec. Isp(sl): 238 sec. Diameter: 1.61 m (5.28 ft). Span: 1.61 m (5.28 ft). Length: 8.50 m (27.80 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: MIHT-1. Status: In Production. Comments: All estimated.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Start-2. Gross Mass: 13,000 kg (28,000 lb). Empty Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Thrust (vac): 490.000 kN (110,150 lbf). Isp: 280 sec. Burn time: 64 sec. Isp(sl): 220 sec. Diameter: 1.55 m (5.08 ft). Span: 1.55 m (5.08 ft). Length: 6.00 m (19.60 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: MIHT-2. Status: In Production. Comments: All estimated except stage gross mass.
  • Stage 3. 1 x Start-3. Gross Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Empty Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Thrust (vac): 245.000 kN (55,078 lbf). Isp: 280 sec. Burn time: 56 sec. Isp(sl): 220 sec. Diameter: 1.50 m (4.90 ft). Span: 1.50 m (4.90 ft). Length: 3.00 m (9.80 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: MIHT-3. Status: In Production. Comments: All estimated.
  • Stage 4. 1 x Start-4. Gross Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Empty Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Thrust (vac): 9.800 kN (2,203 lbf). Isp: 295 sec. Burn time: 207 sec. Isp(sl): 0.0000 sec. Diameter: 1.40 m (4.50 ft). Span: 1.40 m (4.50 ft). Length: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: MIHT-4. Status: In Production. Comments: All estimated.


More at: Start-1.

Family: orbital launch vehicle. People: Nadiradze. Country: Russia. Spacecraft: Start satellite, Ofeq 3, Zeya, Early Bird, Odin. Launch Sites: Plesetsk, Plesetsk LC158, Svobodniy, Svobodniy LC5. Stages: MIHT-1, MIHT-2, MIHT-3, MIHT-4.
Photo Gallery

ICBM-Derived LVsICBM-Derived LVs
The range of launch vehicles derived from decommissioned ballistic missiles offered for sale by Russia after the cold war.
Credit: © Mark Wade



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