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IAI
Israeli manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Israel Aircraft Industries, Israel.

AKA: Israeli Aircraft Industries, Mabat factory. Location: Yehud.

Country: Israel. Spacecraft: Ofeq 1-2, Ofeq 3, AMOS, Ofeq 5, Tecsar. Launch Vehicles: MD-620, Jericho II, Shaviyt, RSA, RSA-3, Arrow, Arrow 1, Jericho-1, RSA-1, RSA-2, RSA-4, Shaviyt 1, Arrow 2, LeoLink LK-1, LeoLink LK-2. Projects: Ofeq. Stages: IAI-Arrow-2-1500, IAI-Arrow-2-500, IAI-Arrow-1, Jericho-1-1, LK-1 engine. More at: 11198.



1990 August 9 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1991 March 25 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1991 October 30 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1992 September 23 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 February 28 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 February 28 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 July 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 October 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1993 October 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1994 March 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1994 June 12 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1995 July 30 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1996 February 20 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1996 May 16 - . 01:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Amos 1 - . Mass: 996 kg (2,195 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Program: Amos. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AMOS. Spacecraft: Amos. USAF Sat Cat: 23865 . COSPAR: 1996-030B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. 7 Ku-band transponders Geostationary at 4.1W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 4 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 4.04 deg W drifting at 0.001 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 4.01W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

1996 August 20 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1996 August 20 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1997 March 11 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1997 August 19 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1997 August 19 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1998 January 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed during second stage burn.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Ofeq-4 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. Fell in Mediterranean Sea..

1998 September 14 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1999 November 1 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1999 November 1 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2000 September 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-5 Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2000 December 5 - . Launch Site: Svobodniy. Launch Complex: Svobodniy LC5. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Start-1.
  • EROS A1 - . Mass: 240 kg (520 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ImageSat. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. USAF Sat Cat: 26631 . COSPAR: 2000-079A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 533 km (331 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.40 min.

    Launch delayed from November 28. The Israeli commercial imaging satellite EROS A1 was owned by ImageSat (an Israeli-led company registered in the Netherlands Antilles) and built by IAI using the Ofeq-3 design. EROS A1 was placed in a sun-synchronous orbit together with the DS 5th stage. The 250 kg (dry mass) triaxially stabilized spacecraft carried a black and white high resolution (1.8 m) CCD camera, to obtain images (with terrain width of 12.6 km) of locations chosen by Israeli military or world-wide commercial clients, and downlink them at one of the 14 ground stations.


2001 August 27 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-6 Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 May 28 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq-5 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. USAF Sat Cat: 27434 . COSPAR: 2002-025A. Apogee: 757 km (470 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 143.5000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.

    Military Observation satellite. Return to flight of the Shavit booster following a lauanch failure. Launch delayed from third quarter 2001. The three-stage Shavit rocket took off from Palmachim Air Force Base on the Israeli coast and flew westward to put the satellite in a retrograde orbit. The AUS-51 third stage solid motor entered a 262 x 774 km x 143.5 deg orbit and separated from the Ofeq satellite. Both coasted up to apogee at around 1620 UTC when Ofeq made a burn to increase its velocity by 33 m/s, raising the orbit to 369 x 771 km x 143.5 deg.


2003 January 5 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-8 ATBM test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

2003 December 16 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST-9 Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

2004 September 6 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1. FAILURE: Third stage orientation failure at 270 seconds into the flight. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Ofeq-6 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. Military observation satellite failed to reach orbit. Finanical loss estimated by Israeli press as $ 100 million..

2005 December 2 - . 08:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST? Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2006 April 25 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Svobodniy. Launch Complex: Svobodniy LC5. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Start-1.
  • EROS-B - . Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ImageSat. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 3. USAF Sat Cat: 29079 . COSPAR: 2006-014A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Combined civilian/military imaging satellite operated by an Israeli company incorporated in the Cayman Islands. Its capability was demonstrated when, within days of launch, sharp photographs of people and motor vehicles on a Syrian dam were released..

2007 February 11 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 March 26 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 June 10 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1.
  • Ofeq-7 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. USAF Sat Cat: 31601 . COSPAR: 2007-025A. Apogee: 576 km (357 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 141.8000 deg. Period: 93.80 min. Israeli optical reconnaisance satellite, evidently using an improved version of the Shavit booster and probably heavier and more capable than its predecessors..

2008 January 21 - . LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Tecsar - . Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISRO. Manufacturer: IAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tecsar. Spacecraft: Tecsar. USAF Sat Cat: 32476 . COSPAR: 2008-002A. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 41.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Israeli military radar/optical surveillance satellite using synthetic aperture X-band radar, with estimated 10 cm radar and 1 m optical ground resolution..

2009 April 7 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2011 February 23 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Platform: MLP. LV Family: R-UNK. Launch Vehicle: R-UNK.
  • Arrow 2 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2011 February 23 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).


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