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CNSA
Chinese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. China National Space Agency, China.

AKA: Guojia Hangtian Ju. Location: Beijing.



Country: China. Spacecraft: DFH-3, DFH-4, Chang'e.

2000 October 30 - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou 1A - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 26599 . COSPAR: 2000-069A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 2.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    China's first navigation satellite, developed by CAST/Beijing. The satellite, the first in the Beidou-1 constellation, was placed in an initial 195 x 41889 km x 25.0 deg orbit geostationary transfer orbit before entering its final geosynchornous orbit at around 05:00 GMT on November 6. Stationed at 140 deg E, still maintaining its position within 0.1 deg as of 2007. No longer in use as of 2009.


2000 December 20 - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou 1B - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 26643 . COSPAR: 2000-082A. Apogee: 35,821 km (22,258 mi). Perigee: 35,753 km (22,215 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Second Beidou-1 geosynchronous navigation satellite. The CZ-3A rocket's third stage put Beidou in geostationary transfer orbit at around 16:42 GMT. The Beidou satellite was based on the DFH-3 comsat and had a mass of around 2200 kg including its FY-25 solid apogee motor. On December 25 Beidou was in a 190 x 41870 km x 25.0 deg transfer orbit. The launch of this second Beidou completed the prototype two-satellite navigational system which was to provide positional information for highway, railway and marine transportation. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 80 deg E, still maintaining its position within 0.1 deg as of 2007. Retired after launch of the Beidou-2 geosynchronous satellites in 2010.


2006 April 26 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 1 - . Payload: Jianbing 5. Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CASC. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-5. USAF Sat Cat: 29092 . COSPAR: 2006-015A. Apogee: 630 km (390 mi). Perigee: 627 km (389 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Remote sensing satellite built by the Shanghai SAST Group. In reality it was the first Chinese synthetic aperture radar military surveillance satellite..

2007 May 25 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 2 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 31490 . COSPAR: 2007-019A. Apogee: 655 km (406 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Second Chinese synthetic aperture radar military surveillance satellite..


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