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Jianbing
Series of Chinese military surveillance satellites, abbreviated as 'JB'. These were:
JB-1: FSW-0,1,2 film recoverable optical satellites
JB-2: FSW-3 film recoverable optical satellites
JB-3; Clark Designation: Optical-1; Manufacturer: CAST; Sensor: BISME; Launches: Ziyuan-2 1, 2, 3
JB-3: FSW-4 film recoverable optical satellites
JB-5; Clark Designation: Radar-1; Manufacturer: SAST; Sensor: IE; Launches: Yaogan 1, 3, 10
JB-6; Clark Designation: Optical-2; Manufacturer: CAST; Sensor: BISME; Launches: Yaogan 2, 4, 7, 11, 24
JB-7; Clark Designation: Radar-2; Manufacturer: SAST; Sensor: IE; Launches: Yaogan 6, 13, 18, 23
JB-8 ELINT; Manufacturer: DFH Launches: Yaogan 9, 16, 17, 20, 25 (triplets)
JB-9; Clark Designation: Optical-4; Manufacturer: SAST; Sensor: CIOMP; Launches: Yaogan 8, 15, 19, 22, 27
JB-10; Clark Designation: Optical-3; Manufacturer: CAST; Sensor: XIOPM; Launches: Yaogan 5, 12, 21
JB-11; Clark Designation: Optical-5; Manufacturer: CAST; Sensor: BISME; Launches: Yaogan 14
JB-12; Clark Designation: Optical-6 Launches: Yaogan 26
JB-13; Clark Designation: Optical-7; Manufacturer: CAST; Sensor: CIOMP; XX-13 camera.

AKA: Jian Bing.



Subtopics

JB-3 Chinese sun synchronous orbit military reconnaisance satellite. Built by CAST, it used a BISME (Beijing Institute of Space Mechanics and Electronics) optical sensor.

JB-5 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation. Launched from ?Jiuquan by the CZ-4C launch vehicle into 630, 98 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits beginning in 2006. Built by SAST. Reported to carry an IE (Institute of Electronics, CAS) side-looking radar system.

JB-12 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation using a BISME (Beijing Institute of Space Mechanics and Electronics) imaging sensor with an 0.8 m resolution. Built by CAST. Launched from Taiyuan by the CZ-4B launch vehicle into 470 km, 97 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits beginning in 2012.

JB-9 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation.Launched from Taiyuan by the CZ-4C launch vehicle into 1200 km, 100.4 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits. The first was launched in 2009, followed by annual launches beginning in 2012. Built by SAST. Reported to carry a CIOMP (Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics) optical imaging system, believed to be a low resolution mapping and area surveillance mission.

JB-7 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation. Launched from Taiyuan by the CZ-2C launch vehicle into 510 km, 97.5 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits beginning in 2009. Built by SAST. Reported to carry an IE (Institute of Electronics, CAS) side-looking radar system.

JB-6 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation. Launched from ?Jiuquan by the CZ-2D launch vehicle into 650 km, 98 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits beginning in 2007. Built by CAST; reported to carry a BISME (Beijing Institute of Space Mechanics and Electronics) optical imaging system.

JB-8 Chinese military surveillance satellite. Each launch consisted of a primary satellite and two sub-satellites. Three sets of these triplets were launched from ?Jiuquan by the CZ-4C launch vehicle into 1090 km, 63.4 deg inclination orbits beginning in 2010. Reported to have a naval surveillance / sigint mission similar to those of the US PARCAE/NOSS system. This utilized a group of satellites flying in loose formation to locate radio emitters using the difference in time of arrival of the radio signals at the different satellites. Built by DFH.

JB-10 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation. Launched from Taiyuan by the CZ-4B launch vehicle into 490 km, 97 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits beginning in 2008. Built by CAST. Reported to carry the XIOPM (Xian Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics) optical imaging system.

JB-11 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation using a BISME (Beijing Institute of Space Mechanics and Electronics) imaging sensor with an 0.8 m resolution. Built by CAST. Launched from Taiyuan by the CZ-4B launch vehicle into 470 km, 97 deg inclination sun synchronous orbits beginning in 2012.

JB-13 Chinese military surveillance satellite constellation using the 1.3-m aperture CIOMP (Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics) XX-13 optical imaging system. Built by CAST.



2000 September 1 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • ZY-2C - . Payload: Zi Yuan 2. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-3. Decay Date: 2016-03-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 26481 . COSPAR: 2000-050A. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 94.43 min.

    The ZY-2 (Ziyuan-2 ('Resource-2'), while disguised as a civilian earth monitoring system, was actually code-named Jianbing-3 and was China's first high-resolution military imaging satellite. The cover story of the official Xinhua news agency was that the civilian remote sensing system would be used primarily in territorial surveying, city planning, crop yield assessment, disaster monitoring and space science experimentation. However the satellite was placed at a much lower altitude than the ZY-1 satellite and US intelligence sources indicated that it was a photo-reconnaissance satellite for exclusively military purposes, such as targeting missiles at US and Taiwanese forces. The new satellite was believed to employ digital-imaging technology and to have a resolution of 2 m or less. The satellite was designed and built by the Chinese Academy of Space Technology and was developed indigenously. It was said to be more advanced than earlier sensing satellites and was expected to have an orbital life of two years. The camera provided more than three times the resolution of the ZY-1 earth resources satellite. The Zi Yuan 2 satellite may have used the CBERS Sino-Brazilian bus of the earlier ZY-1. However it was also said to be of new design and demonstrated the capability to maneuver in orbit, adjusting its orbit after launch. In October 2000 Chinese scientists denied that the ZY-2 satellite had a military mission. It was said to be a remote-sensing satellite equipped with CCD cameras and an infrared multispectral scanner that could only identify objects on the ground with a resolution of several dozen meters to 1 km.


2002 October 27 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • ZY-2B - . Payload: Zi Yuan 2-2. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CAST. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-3. Decay Date: 2015-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 27550 . COSPAR: 2002-049A. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Perigee: 470 km (290 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 94.10 min.

    JB-3 2 was nominally a Chinese (PRC) remote sensing satellite, although US intelligence sources indicated it had primarily an intelligence imaging mission. JB-3 2 was the name adopted by the USSPACECOM. Most news reports from China and elsewhere use different names: ZY-2B (acronym for ZiYuan-2B, translated as Resource-2B), and Zhong Guo Zi Yuan Er Hao, translated as China Resource 2. No information was available on the instruments onboard the JB-3 2, but officially it was intended 'for territorial survey, environment monitoring and protection, urban planning, crop yield assessment, disaster monitoring, and space scientific experiments'. The initial orbital parameters of this sun-synchronous satellite were period 94.1 min, apogee 483 km, perigee 470 km, and inclination 97.4.


2004 November 6 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • ZY-2C - . Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28470 . COSPAR: 2004-044A. Apogee: 504 km (313 mi). Perigee: 479 km (297 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Zi Yuan 2-3 was a low earth orbit digital imaging spacecraft used by the Chinese government, probably for both civilian and military reconnaissance purposes..

2006 April 26 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 1 - . Payload: Jianbing 5. Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CASC. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-5. USAF Sat Cat: 29092 . COSPAR: 2006-015A. Apogee: 630 km (390 mi). Perigee: 627 km (389 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Remote sensing satellite built by the Shanghai SAST Group. In reality it was the first Chinese synthetic aperture radar military surveillance satellite..

2007 May 25 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 2 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CNSA. Manufacturer: CAST. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 31490 . COSPAR: 2007-019A. Apogee: 655 km (406 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Second Chinese synthetic aperture radar military surveillance satellite..

2007 November 11 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 3 - . Payload: Jianbing 5. Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-5. USAF Sat Cat: 32289 . COSPAR: 2007-055A. Apogee: 629 km (390 mi). Perigee: 628 km (390 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. The military launch used a new version of the CZ-4 booster. The CZ-4C includes a restart capability in the upper stage and a new interstage adapter between the first and second stages..

2008 December 1 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 4 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 33446 . COSPAR: 2008-061A. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 632 km (392 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Fourth 'Remote Sensing Satellite'; presumed military mission..

2008 December 15 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 5 - . Payload: Jianbing 8. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-10. Decay Date: 2014-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 33456 . COSPAR: 2008-064A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 486 km (301 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

    One of the two different series of military surveillance satellites launched under the YW designation, although YW 5 was in a lower orbit similar to the ZY-2 satellites, lower than previous YW satellites. The launch vehicle was announced as a CZ-4B, but appeared to be a CZ-4B with the CZ-4C's restartable YF-40A upper stage under the larger CZ-4C nose fairing.


2009 April 22 - . 02:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 6 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 34839 . COSPAR: 2009-021A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 512 km (318 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 94.90 min.

2009 December 9 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 7 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 36110 . COSPAR: 2009-069A. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Remote-Sensing Satellite, apparently a military optical surveillance satellite similar to YW-2 and YW-4..

2009 December 15 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 8 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 36121 . COSPAR: 2009-072A. Apogee: 1,204 km (748 mi). Perigee: 1,193 km (741 mi). Inclination: 100.5000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Sun-synchronous orbit low resolution imaging satellite, primarily for civilian Earth resource studies. Supplemental military missions may include weather forecasting..

2010 March 5 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 9A - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 36413 . COSPAR: 2010-009A. Apogee: 1,107 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,075 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min.
  • Yaogan 9B - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 36414 . COSPAR: 2010-009B. Apogee: 1,107 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,075 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min.
  • Yaogan 9C - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 36415 . COSPAR: 2010-009C. Apogee: 1,107 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,074 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min.

2010 August 9 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 10 - . Payload: Yaogan Weixing 10 / Jianbing 5. Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-5. USAF Sat Cat: 36834 . COSPAR: 2010-038A. Apogee: 630 km (390 mi). Perigee: 627 km (389 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Radar imaging satellite..

2010 September 22 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 11 - . Payload: Zheda Pixing 1A / Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 37165 . COSPAR: 2010-047A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 626 km (388 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Carried earth imaging camera..

2011 November 9 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 12 - . Payload: Jianbing 8. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-10. USAF Sat Cat: 37875 . COSPAR: 2011-066B. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 486 km (301 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Military optical surveillance satellite..

2011 November 29 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 13 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 37941 . COSPAR: 2011-072A. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 97.1000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Military optical surveillance satellite. Probably operating in conjunction with the YW-6 radar satellite..

2012 May 10 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 14 - . Payload: Jianbing 11. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-11. USAF Sat Cat: 38257 . COSPAR: 2012-021A. Apogee: 479 km (297 mi). Perigee: 471 km (292 mi). Inclination: 97.2000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Military remote sensing satellite..

2012 May 29 - . 07:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 15 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 38354 . COSPAR: 2012-029A. Apogee: 1,207 km (749 mi). Perigee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Inclination: 100.1000 deg. Period: 109.50 min.

2012 November 25 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 16A - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39011 . COSPAR: 2012-066A. Apogee: 1,096 km (681 mi). Perigee: 1,085 km (674 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min. Believed to be a military naval SIGINT surveillance system, consisting of a main satellite and two subsatellites. Second such launch after 2010's Yaogan 9..
  • Yaogan 16B - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39012 . COSPAR: 2012-066B. Apogee: 1,095 km (680 mi). Perigee: 1,086 km (674 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min.
  • Yaogan 16C - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39013 . COSPAR: 2012-066C. Apogee: 1,096 km (681 mi). Perigee: 1,085 km (674 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min.

2013 September 1 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS-2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 17A - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39239 . COSPAR: 2013-046A. Apogee: 1,116 km (693 mi). Perigee: 1,065 km (661 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min.

    Triplet of naval surveillance satellites, believed to operate like the old US PARCAE/NOSS system, in which a group of loosely formation-flying spacecraft locate radio emitters using the difference in time of arrival of the radio signals at the different satellites.

  • Yaogan 17B - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39240 . COSPAR: 2013-046B. Apogee: 1,116 km (693 mi). Perigee: 1,065 km (661 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min.
  • Yaogan 17C - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39241 . COSPAR: 2013-046C. Apogee: 1,116 km (693 mi). Perigee: 1,064 km (661 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min.

2013 October 29 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 18 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 39363 . COSPAR: 2013-059A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5200 deg. Period: 94.87 min. The third in a satellite series that began with Yaogan 6 and 13..

2013 November 20 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 19 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 39410 . COSPAR: 2013-065A. Apogee: 1,208 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Inclination: 100.4500 deg. Period: 109.51 min. Thought to be an imaging satellite similar to Yaogan 8..

2014 August 9 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS-2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 20b - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40110 . COSPAR: 2014-047B. Apogee: 1,094 km (679 mi). Perigee: 1,087 km (675 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.05 min.
  • Yaogan 20c - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40111 . COSPAR: 2014-047C. Apogee: 1,094 km (679 mi). Perigee: 1,087 km (675 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.05 min.
  • Yaogan 20a - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40109 . COSPAR: 2014-047A. Apogee: 1,066 km (662 mi). Perigee: 1,054 km (654 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 106.41 min. Triplet satellites, the fourth in a series; previous triplet clusters were Yaogan 9, 16 and 17. They were thought to be analogous to the old US NOSS/PARCAE ocean surveillance system..

2014 September 8 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 21 - . Payload: Jianbing 8. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-10. USAF Sat Cat: 40143 . COSPAR: 2014-053A. Apogee: 498 km (309 mi). Perigee: 480 km (290 mi). Inclination: 97.3900 deg. Period: 94.39 min. Imaging satellite in a sun synchronous orbit with a 10:30 local time descending node. The mission continued a series begun with the Zi Yuan 2 satellites..

2014 October 20 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 22 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 40275 . COSPAR: 2014-063A. Apogee: 1,207 km (749 mi). Perigee: 1,198 km (744 mi). Inclination: 100.3600 deg. Period: 109.48 min. Sun synchronous orbit; 1330 GMT local time of the descending node..

2014 November 14 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 23 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 40305 . COSPAR: 2014-071A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 97.3700 deg. Period: 94.87 min. Sun synchronous orbit; 0200 GMT local time of the descending node..

2014 November 20 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 24 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 40310 . COSPAR: 2014-072A. Apogee: 652 km (405 mi). Perigee: 627 km (389 mi). Inclination: 97.9500 deg. Period: 97.51 min. Imaging spy satellite in the same series as Yaogan 2, 4, 7, and 11. The CZ-2D second stage was deorbited after deploying the satellite. Sun synchronous orbit; 1330 GMT local time of the descending node..

2014 December 10 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 25a - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40338 . COSPAR: 2014-080A. Apogee: 1,106 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,074 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min. Fifth Yaogan mission. Each consisted of a main satellite and two subsatellites..
  • Yaogan 25b - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40339 . COSPAR: 2014-080B. Apogee: 1,106 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,074 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min.
  • Yaogan 25c - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40340 . COSPAR: 2014-080C. Apogee: 1,106 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,074 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min.

2014 December 27 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan LC9. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC9. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 26 - . Payload: Jianbing 8. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40362 . COSPAR: 2014-088A. Apogee: 489 km (303 mi). Perigee: 484 km (300 mi). Inclination: 97.4100 deg. Period: 94.34 min. The profile was similar to the Yaogan 5 series of imaging satellites, but the rocket used a larger nose fairing, so this was likely an upgrade. Sun synchronous orbit; 1030 GMT local time of the descending node..

2015 August 27 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC9. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 27 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 40878 . COSPAR: 2015-040A. Apogee: 1,207 km (749 mi). Perigee: 1,193 km (741 mi). Inclination: 100.4800 deg. Period: 109.43 min. The 27th Yaogan remote sensing satellite. Fifth in the Yaogan High A series and appeared to replace the first, Yaogan 8, in a sun synchronous orbit with a 09:30 local time longitude of descending node..

2015 November 8 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 28 - . Payload: Jianbing 11. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-11. USAF Sat Cat: 41026 . COSPAR: 2015-064A. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Perigee: 459 km (285 mi). Inclination: 97.2500 deg. Period: 94.03 min. Thought to be the second Jianbing-11 imaging reconnaissance satellite with an 0.8 m resolution imager. Appeared to be a replacement for the first Jianbing-11, codenamed Yaogan 14. 04:14 local time longitude of descending node sun synchronous orbit..


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