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Chang Zheng 2C
Part of CZ Family
CZ-2C launch
CZ-2C launch
Chinese orbital launch vehicle. The CZ-2C was the definitive low earth orbit launch vehicle derived from DF-5 ICBM. It became the basis for an entire family of subsequent Long March vehicles. Many adaptive modifications were made to the configuration of the CZ-2A to handle a variety of new satellites and upper stages. The CZ-2C had improved technical performance and payload capacity compared to the CZ-2A, with later versions having a payload capability of 2,800 kg into a 200 km circular orbit.

AKA: Chang Zheng-2C; CZ-2C; Long March 2C. Status: Active. First Launch: 1975-11-26. Last Launch: 2014-11-14. Number: 39 . Payload: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Thrust: 2,960.00 kN (665,430 lbf). Gross mass: 192,000 kg (423,000 lb). Height: 35.15 m (115.32 ft). Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

The CZ-2C could be launched from either the Jiuquan or Taiyuan launch sites. After its first FSW reconnaissance satellite mission on 9 September 1982 the CZ-2C launch vehicle successfully orbited six applications and two new recoverable satellites into space. On October 6, 1992, the Swedish Freja satellite was successfully launched as a co-passenger on the CZ-2C's thirteenth flight.

LEO Payload: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 52.00 degrees. Payload: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb) to a 200 km polar orbit. Launch Price $: 25.000 million in 1999 dollars.

Stage Data - CZ-2C

  • Stage 1. 1 x CZ-2C-1. Gross Mass: 153,000 kg (337,000 lb). Empty Mass: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 3,295.000 kN (740,745 lbf). Isp: 291 sec. Burn time: 122 sec. Isp(sl): 261 sec. Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Span: 6.00 m (19.60 ft). Length: 20.52 m (67.32 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 4. Engine: YF-20A. Other designations: L-140. Status: In Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x CZ-2C-2. Gross Mass: 39,000 kg (85,000 lb). Empty Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Thrust (vac): 761.900 kN (171,282 lbf). Isp: 295 sec. Burn time: 130 sec. Isp(sl): 270 sec. Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Span: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Length: 7.50 m (24.60 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: YF-22A/23A. Other designations: L-35. Status: In Production.

Family: orbital launch vehicle. Country: China. Engines: YF-20A, YF-22A/23A, YF-20B. Spacecraft: CAST1000, CAST2000, CAST968, SJ-11, XY-1, FSW, Freja, HY-1, Double Star, OlympicSat, Shiyan, Shiyan Weixing, KOMPSAT-2, HJ-1, JB-7. Launch Sites: Jiuquan, Jiuquan LA2B, Taiyuan, Xichang, Jiuquan SLS, Jiuquan SLS-2, Xichang LC1. Stages: CZ-2C-1, CZ-2C-2. Agency: CALT. More at: 8216.



1975 November 26 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 1 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 01. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 2.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 8452 . COSPAR: 1975-111A. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 91.10 min.

    First orbital test of Chinese recoverable photo surveillance satellite. The spacecraft was brought down early, after three days in orbit, due to problems with the attitude control system cold gas supply. Along the skirt of the return capsule some wires and instruments were burnt during re-entry and capsule impacted far from its planned landing point. However usable film was obtained from the capsule. The Chinese Academy of Space Technology organised a team to determine the cause, and improvements were made in the next spacecraft of the model. Additional Details: here....


1976 December 7 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 2 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 02. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 2.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-01-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 9587 . COSPAR: 1976-117A. Apogee: 489 km (303 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 59.4000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Photo surveillance; film capsule recovered 9 December. First completely successful test of the FSW spy satellite. Many improvements in comparison to the first FSW orbited..

1978 January 26 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 3 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 03. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 10611 . COSPAR: 1978-011A. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Photo surveillance; film capsule; capsule returned January 30. Second fully successful FSW mission..

1982 September 9 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 4 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 04. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-09-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 13521 . COSPAR: 1982-090A. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; film capsule recovered 14 September..

1983 August 19 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 5 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 05. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-09-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 14288 . COSPAR: 1983-086A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 63.3000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Photo surveillance; film capsule recovered 24 August..

1984 September 12 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 6 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 06. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 15279 . COSPAR: 1984-098A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 67.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; film capsule recovered 17 September..

1985 October 21 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 7 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 07. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16177 . COSPAR: 1985-096A. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing photo surveillance satellite; film capsule recovered 26 October..

1986 October 6 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 8 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 08. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 17001 . COSPAR: 1986-076A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable satellite; capsule re-entered October 11 after five day mission..

1987 August 5 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 9 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 09. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-08-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 18306 . COSPAR: 1987-067A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable satellite; carried microgravity experiments; return capsule recovered August 10 after five days in space..

1987 September 9 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-1 No. 1 - . Payload: FSW-1 No. 01. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 18341 . COSPAR: 1987-075A. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable satellite; return capsule recovered September 17 after eight days in space..

1988 August 5 - . 07:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-1 No. 2 - . Payload: FSW-1 No. 02. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 19368 . COSPAR: 1988-067A. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. German crystal growth experiment in recoverable capsule. Results marred by hard landing..

1990 October 5 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-1 No. 3 - . Payload: FSW-1 No. 03. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Decay Date: 1990-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 20838 . COSPAR: 1990-089A. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable satellite; carried biological research experiments..

1992 October 6 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Freja - . Payload: FSW-1 4 / Freja. Mass: 259 kg (570 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Freja. Spacecraft: Freja. USAF Sat Cat: 22161 . COSPAR: 1992-064A. Apogee: 1,763 km (1,095 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 108.90 min.

    Ionospheric, auroral, amgnetospheric studies. Freja is a Swedish/German satellite designed for research into the aurora. The satellite was launched piggyback on a Long March 2C (CZ-2C) rocket and weighs 214 kg in orbit. It is a sun-pointing spinner (10 rpm) with a 2.2 m diameter. It will make high re solution measurements in the upper ionosphere and lower magnetosphere. Data will be received at Esrange, Kiruna, Sweden and at the Prince Albert Satellite Station in Canada's Saskatchewan Province. Launch time 0620 UT.

  • FSW-1 No. 4 - . Payload: FSW-1 No. 04. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-10-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 22162 . COSPAR: 1992-064B. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable imaging satellite; carried remote sensing, microgravity experiments; capsule recovered October 13 after 6 days in orbit..

1993 October 8 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-1 No. 5 - . Payload: Jian Bing 93. Mass: 2,099 kg (4,627 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Decay Date: 1993-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 22859 . COSPAR: 1993-063A. Apogee: 2,860 km (1,770 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 56.6000 deg. Period: 116.50 min.

    The only FSW-1 mission conducted during 1993-1994 was launched into an orbit of 209 km by 300 km at an inclination of 57.0 deg. In addition to an Earth observation Payload, FSW-1 5 carried microgravity research equipment and a diamond-studded medallion commemorating the 100th anniversary of Chairman Mao Tse-Tung's birth. The spacecraft operated normally until 16 October when an attempt to recover the satellite failed. An attitude control system failure aligned the spacecraft 90 deg from its desired position, causing the re-entry capsule to be pushed into a higher elliptical orbit (179 km by 3031 km) instead of returning to Earth. Natural decay did not bring the capsule back until March 12, 1996.


2003 December 29 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. Launch Pad: LC1?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Tan Ce 1 - . Payload: Double Star 1, DSP-E. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. Decay Date: 2007-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 28140 . COSPAR: 2003-061A. Apogee: 78,051 km (48,498 mi). Perigee: 555 km (344 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Equatorial member of a pair of Chinese-European magnetospheric research satellites carrying surplus instrumentation from the ESA Cluster program. First CZ-2C launch from Xichang..

2004 April 18 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. Launch Pad: LC1?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Tansuo 1 - . Payload: Shiyan 1. Mass: 204 kg (449 lb). Nation: China. Agency: Harbin. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shiyan. Spacecraft: Shiyan. USAF Sat Cat: 28220 . COSPAR: 2004-012A. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.80 min.

    China's first transmission-type small satellite capable of stereo mapping. It was jointly designed by the Harbin Polytechnic University, Chinese Research Institute of Space Technology, Changchun Photomechanical Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)and Xi'an Surveys and Designs Institute. The experiment satellite carried out photographic surveys of China's land resources, monitored the geographical environment and conducted scientific research on mapping. It was handed over for use to the Satellite Remote-Sensing Ground Station of CAS following the on-orbit testing.

  • Naxing 1 - . Payload: CAST1000A, OlympivSat. Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: China. Agency: Tsinghua. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST1000. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 28221 . COSPAR: 2004-012B. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 599 km (372 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Naxing 1 (a contraction of Nami Weixing 'Nanosatellite') was designed for high-tech experiments. The satellite was developed and will be used by the elite Qinghua University and the Aerospace Qinghua Satellite Technologies Co. Ltd..
  • Unannounced Chinese satellite? - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PLA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Decay Date: 2004-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 28223 . COSPAR: 2004-012D. Apogee: 532 km (330 mi). Perigee: 339 km (210 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 93.30 min.

    The announced mass of the two satellites launched was far less than the payload capability of the CZ-2C. It was believed that an unannounced military satellite may have been orbited. Object 2004-12D was in a much lower perigee orbit of 350 x 606 km x 97 deg and may have separated prior to second stage vernier cutoff.


2004 July 25 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Tan Ce 2 - . Payload: Double Star 2, DSP-P. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Manufacturer: DFH. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 28382 . COSPAR: 2004-029A. Apogee: 38,574 km (23,968 mi). Perigee: 655 km (406 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 695.10 min. Delayed from June, July 20..

2004 August 29 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-3 No. 2 - . Payload: FSW-19. Mass: 3,100 kg (6,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 26.67 days. Decay Date: 2004-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 28402 . COSPAR: 2004-033A. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 91.70 min.

    Recoverable satellite officially stated to be conducting space scientific research, land surveying, mapping and other scientific experiments. Said to have improved experimental technology, with higher orientation precision and more complex on-board computers and software. Controlled from the Xian Satellite Monitoring and Control Centre. Successfully re-entered and recovered after 27 days in space at 23:55 GMT on 24 September.


2004 November 18 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. Launch Pad: LC1?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Shiyan Weixing 2 - . Payload: TANSUO 2, CAST1000C. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Manufacturer: DFH. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST1000. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 28479 . COSPAR: 2004-046A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 694 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. Remote Sensing Technology..

2005 August 2 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-3 No. 4 - . Payload: FSW-21. Mass: 3,100 kg (6,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CAST. Manufacturer: SAST. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 27.00 days. Decay Date: 2005-08-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 28776 . COSPAR: 2005-027A. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Military reconnaisance satellite, which maneuvered to raise its apogee on Aug 5 and 7 to a 166 x 552 km x 63.0 orbit; and again to the same altitude on Aug 19 after the apogee decayed to 535 km. Return capsule with film aboard recovered on 29 August..

2006 September 9 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-8 - . Mass: 3,100 kg (6,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Manufacturer: SAST. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 14.82 days. Decay Date: 2006-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 29385 . COSPAR: 2006-035A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Long delayed Seed Satellite, an experiment in which a large payload of seeds were exposed to te space environment for two weeks. The modified FSW optical reconnaisance satellite capsule was recovered in Sichuan at 02:43 GMT on September 24..

2007 April 11 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • HY-1B - . Payload: Haiyang 1B. Mass: 443 kg (976 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Manufacturer: DFH. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST968. Spacecraft: CAST968. USAF Sat Cat: 31113 . COSPAR: 2007-010A. Apogee: 815 km (506 mi). Perigee: 782 km (485 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Oceanographic satellite equipped with a 10-band ocean color scanner, a 4-band CCD imager with 250-meter resolution, and an infrared water profile radiometer..

2008 September 6 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • HJ-1A - . Payload: Huan Jing-1A. Mass: 470 kg (1,030 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 33320 . COSPAR: 2008-041A. Apogee: 662 km (411 mi). Perigee: 628 km (390 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. 'Environment' satellites that carried visible and infrared sensors..
  • HJ-1B - . Payload: Huan Jing-1B. Mass: 470 kg (1,030 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 33321 . COSPAR: 2008-041B. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 626 km (388 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.70 min.

2009 April 22 - . 02:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 6 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 34839 . COSPAR: 2009-021A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 512 km (318 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 94.90 min.

2009 November 12 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-11-01 - . Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. USAF Sat Cat: 36088 . COSPAR: 2009-061A. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Experimental Satellite, believed to carry infrared surveillance system sensors..

2011 July 6 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-11-03 - . Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. USAF Sat Cat: 37730 . COSPAR: 2011-030A. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi). Perigee: 691 km (429 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Military satellite, believed to be equipped with infrared sensors, perhaps for ballistic missile launch detection..

2011 July 29 - . 07:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-11-02 - . Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. USAF Sat Cat: 37765 . COSPAR: 2011-039A. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Believed to carry infrared surveillance system sensors..

2011 August 18 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C. FAILURE: Second stage vernier engine suffered a mechanical failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SJ-11-04 - . Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. Fourth satellite of the SJ-11 infrared surveillance system failed to reach orbit when the second stage vernier engine suffered a mechanical failure..

2011 November 29 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 13 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 37941 . COSPAR: 2011-072A. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 97.1000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Military optical surveillance satellite. Probably operating in conjunction with the YW-6 radar satellite..

2012 October 14 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Shi Jian 9 A - . Payload: CAST1000C. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Rendezvous technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST1000. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 38860 . COSPAR: 2012-056A. Apogee: 651 km (404 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.40 min.

    The pair of SJ-9 satellites carried technical experiments and to perform orbital rendezvous, intercept, and formation flying exercises under the control of the China Resources Satellite Applications Center. On 19 October SJ-9A began maneuvers, lowering its orbit to 619 km x 644 km and then returning to a 623 km x 650 km orbit on October 22-23.

  • Shi Jian 9 B - . Payload: CAST1000C. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Rendezvous technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST1000. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 38861 . COSPAR: 2012-056B. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.50 min.

2012 November 18 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • HJ-1C - . Mass: 890 kg (1,960 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 38997 . COSPAR: 2012-064A. Apogee: 503 km (312 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Small Chinese S-band semi-active radar earth observation satellite providing all-weather imagery at 100 m resolution. Part of a constellation that includes of two small optical satellites, the HJ-1A and the HJ-1B..
  • Feng Niao 1 (FN-1) - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Rendezvous technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 38998 . COSPAR: 2012-064B. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Perigee: 488 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Demonstration of new CAST mini- and micro-satellite buses. FN-1 (Hummersat) was to release the 30 kg FN-1A for formation flying and interorbital communications experiments..
  • Xin Yan 1 (XY-1) - . Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: XY-1. Spacecraft: XY-1. USAF Sat Cat: 38999 . COSPAR: 2012-064C. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Technology mission..

2013 July 15 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-11-05 - . Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. USAF Sat Cat: 39202 . COSPAR: 2013-035A. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi). Perigee: 687 km (426 mi). Inclination: 98.1500 deg. Period: 98.66 min. Suspected infrared-telescope-equipped missile early warning satellite; replaces the fourth spacecraft was lost in a launch failure in 2011..

2013 October 29 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 18 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 39363 . COSPAR: 2013-059A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5200 deg. Period: 94.87 min. The third in a satellite series that began with Yaogan 6 and 13..

2014 January 9 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Hypersonic RV - . Nation: China. Agency: PLA2AC. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2014 March 31 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS-2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-11-06 - . Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. USAF Sat Cat: 39624 . COSPAR: 2014-014A. Apogee: 704 km (437 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.2500 deg. Period: 98.68 min. Sixth satellite in China's Shi Jian 11 constellation, replacing SJ11-01 in that orbital slot. The SJ11 satellites were rumoured to carry infrared sensors of some kind..

2014 August 7 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Hypersonic RV - . Nation: China. Agency: PLA2AC. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Claimed to be a test of a hypersonic glide reentry vehicle. Based on images from the impact site of one of the stages, the launch appeared to have used a large liquid fuelled booster, possibly a modified CZ-2C..

2014 September 28 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-11-07 - . Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. USAF Sat Cat: 40261 . COSPAR: 2014-059A. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.61 min. Seventh satellite in the Shi Jian 11 constellation, thought perhaps to be used for infrared missile tracking and early warning..

2014 October 27 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • SJ-11-08 - . Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-11. Spacecraft: SJ-11. USAF Sat Cat: 40286 . COSPAR: 2014-066A. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 681 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2500 deg. Period: 98.58 min. Eighth and final satellite in the Shi Jian 11 series, believed to be a military surveillance satellite of some kind. Sun synchronous orbit; 1315 GMT local time of the descending node..

2014 November 14 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Yaogan 23 - . Payload: Jianbing 7. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-7. USAF Sat Cat: 40305 . COSPAR: 2014-071A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 97.3700 deg. Period: 94.87 min. Sun synchronous orbit; 0200 GMT local time of the descending node..


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