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Science
Category of spacecraft.



Subtopics

MMS Magnetospheric Research satellite for NASA SwRI, USA. Launched 2015.

DANDE Drag and Atmospheric Neutral Density Explorer from the University of Colorado. The sphere carried a particle spectrometer to measure the outer atmosphere wind speed and direction, and a drag measurement system. It was attached to an 8 kg Lightband adapter which was jettisoned on October 30 (cataloged as 2013-055AC) and DANDE then began its atmospheric density studies. Aeronomy satellite for University of Colorado at Boulder (CU), USA. Launched 2013.

DSCOVR The Deep Space Climate Observatory was originally dubbed "Goresat" and launched after many years of political hold-ups, three presidential administrations after it was begun. Earth observing, solar science satellite built by Swales (Bus) for NASA, USA. Launched 2015. Used SMEX-Lite Bus.

Raijin Microsatellite for Tohoku University mission for studies of lightning with visible and mid-IR imagers and a VLF receiver.

SKRL Calibration sphere. Calibration satellite, Russia. Launched 2013.

SWARM A follow-up to CHAMP spacecraft, the Swarm was three satellites in three different polar orbits to measure the earth's magnetic field with high precision. Each spacecraft carried an Absolute Scalar Magnetometer; a Vector Field Magnetometer; an Electric Field Instrument; an Accelerometer; and a Laser Range Reflector. Earth Science satellite built by EADS Astrium Friedrichshafen for ESA, Europe. Launched 2013.

Tatyana Space physics research satellite built by students from Moscow State University.

Youthsat Joint Indian-Russian student satellite. Carried experiments to study solar-terrestrial relationships. Science, Solar and Ionosphere satellite for ISRO, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow state university, India, Russia. Launched 2011.

Cubesat American low-cost nanosatellite bus. Used in dozens of launches.

SpriteSat Japanese science. Microsatellite stabilized by a gravity gradient boom to study atmospheric sprites, built by Tohoku University, Sendai. Earth observation satellite for Tohoku University, Japan. Launched 2009-2014.



2009 September 17 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Tatyana-2 - . Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Tatyana. USAF Sat Cat: 35868 . COSPAR: 2009-049D. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 814 km (505 mi). Inclination: 98.5400 deg. Period: 101.23 min. Space physics research satellite built by students from Moscow State University..

2009 September 23 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • SwissCube - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 35932 . COSPAR: 2009-051B. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 702 km (436 mi). Inclination: 98.4300 deg. Period: 98.93 min. Cubesat from Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland.

2011 April 20 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Youthsat - . Mass: 92 kg (202 lb). Nation: India. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Youthsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37388 . COSPAR: 2011-015B. Apogee: 823 km (511 mi). Perigee: 803 km (498 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Joint Indian-Russian student satellite. Carried experiments to study solar-terrestrial relationships..

2013 September 29 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • DANDE - . Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: DANDE. USAF Sat Cat: 39267 . COSPAR: 2013-055C. Apogee: 1,448 km (899 mi). Perigee: 324 km (201 mi). Inclination: 80.9900 deg. Period: 102.69 min.

    Drag and Atmospheric Neutral Density Explorer from the University of Colorado. The sphere carried a particle spectrometer to measure the outer atmosphere wind speed and direction, and a drag measurement system. It was attached to an 8 kg Lightband adapter which was jettisoned on October 30 (cataloged as 2013-055AC) and DANDE then began its atmospheric density studies.

  • POPACS 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39268 . COSPAR: 2013-055D. Apogee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Perigee: 323 km (200 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 102.37 min. 3U cubesat which split after deployment into four spacer sections that released three 0.10 m diameter aluminium spheres used as passive atmospheric density calibration probes..
  • POPACS 2 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39269 . COSPAR: 2013-055E. Apogee: 1,440 km (890 mi). Perigee: 323 km (200 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 102.60 min.
  • POPACS 3 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39270 . COSPAR: 2013-055F. Apogee: 1,451 km (901 mi). Perigee: 324 km (201 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 102.73 min.

2013 November 20 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1.
  • Firefly - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39404 . COSPAR: 2013-064AA. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi). Perigee: 482 km (299 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Cubesat; a 3U science sat for the National Science Foundation built by the Hawk Institute for Space Sciences in Maryland in collaboration with Siena College, that studied terrestrial gamma-ray flashes..

2013 November 21 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • KHUSAT-1 - . Payload: CINEMA 2. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39424 . COSPAR: 2013-066J. Apogee: 727 km (451 mi). Perigee: 593 km (368 mi). Inclination: 97.7700 deg. Period: 97.94 min. 3U cubesat from Kyung Hee University, Seoul, to join the CINEMA constellation..
  • KHUSAT-2 - . Payload: CINEMA 3. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39426 . COSPAR: 2013-066L. Apogee: 743 km (461 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 97.7700 deg. Period: 98.11 min. 3U cubesat from Kyung Hee University, Seoul, to join the CINEMA constellation..

2013 November 22 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • SWARM-B - . Payload: Earth Explorer-B. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39451 . COSPAR: 2013-067A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 87.7600 deg. Period: 94.89 min.
  • SWARM-A - . Payload: Earth Explorer-A. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39452 . COSPAR: 2013-067B. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 87.3600 deg. Period: 93.88 min.

    A follow-up to CHAMP spacecraft, the Swarm was three satellites in three different polar orbits to measure the earth's magnetic field with high precision. Each spacecraft carried an Absolute Scalar Magnetometer; a Vector Field Magnetometer; an Electric Field Instrument; an Accelerometer; and a Laser Range Reflector.

  • SWARM-C - . Payload: Earth Explorer-C. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39453 . COSPAR: 2013-067C. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 87.3600 deg. Period: 93.88 min.

2013 December 6 - . 07:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 501.
  • FIREBIRD A - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39463 . COSPAR: 2013-072B. Apogee: 883 km (548 mi). Perigee: 467 km (290 mi). Inclination: 120.5000 deg.

    1.5U cubesat from the Montana Space Grant Consortium to study electron microbursts in the magnetosphere. The Centaur AV-042 upper stage, after deploying the main payload, made two orbit lowering burns to a 467 x 883 km x 120.5 deg orbit. Attached to AV-042 was GEMSAT, the second NPSCuL cubesat launcher, which ejected 12 cubesats between around 10:22 and 10:38 GMT.

  • FIREBIRD B - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39464 . COSPAR: 2013-072C. Apogee: 883 km (548 mi). Perigee: 467 km (290 mi). Inclination: 120.5000 deg. 1.5U cubesat from the Montana Space Grant Consortium to study electron microbursts in the magnetosphere..
  • CUNYSAT 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39470 . COSPAR: 2013-072J. Apogee: 883 km (548 mi). Perigee: 467 km (290 mi). Inclination: 120.5000 deg. 1U cubesat from the City University of New York's Medgar Evers College, with a GPS ionospheric receiver..

2013 December 28 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1V.
  • Cosmos 2492 - . Payload: SKRL-756 No. 1. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: SKRL. USAF Sat Cat: 39490 . COSPAR: 2013-078A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 597 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.4200 deg. Period: 96.92 min. Calibration sphere. Announced as 'SKRL-756 No. 1' at time of launch. First launch of a new rocket, the Soyuz-2-1V..

2014 April 18 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • All-Star - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 39683 . COSPAR: 2014-022D. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 87.59 min. Cubesat for the Colorado Space Grant consortium. Released from Falcon second stage..

2014 May 24 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Raijin-2 - . Payload: RISING 2. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Raijin. USAF Sat Cat: 39769 . COSPAR: 2014-029D. Apogee: 630 km (390 mi). Perigee: 626 km (388 mi). Inclination: 97.8800 deg. Period: 97.26 min. Microsatellite for Tohoku University mission for studies of lightning with visible and mid-IR imagers and a VLF receiver..

2014 October 28 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: Wallops MARS 0A. LV Family: Antares LV. Launch Vehicle: Antares 130.
  • RACE - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Perigee: -6,378 km (-6,378 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. JPL/U-Texas 3U cubesat. Lost in explosion of booster..

2015 January 31 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7320-10C.
  • FIREBIRD IIA - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Space science. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40377 . COSPAR: 2015-003B. Apogee: 643 km (399 mi). Perigee: 431 km (267 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 95.38 min. 1.5U cubesat by NSF/Montana State/U. New Hampshire space science satellite. Sun synchronous orbit; 0600 GMT local time of the descending node..
  • FIREBIRD IIB - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Space science. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40378 . COSPAR: 2015-003C. Apogee: 643 km (399 mi). Perigee: 431 km (267 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 95.38 min. 1.5U cubesat by NSF/Montana State/U. New Hampshire space science satellite. Sun synchronous orbit; 0600 GMT local time of the descending node..

2015 February 11 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • DSCOVR - . Mass: 570 kg (1,250 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Space science. Spacecraft: DSCOVR. USAF Sat Cat: 40390 . COSPAR: 2015-007A. Apogee: 1,371,156 km (851,995 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 33.1000 deg.

    The Deep Space Climate Observatory, DSCOVR, was launched after many years of gestation. Originally a NASA mission called Triana and centered around its Earth observation camera, it had at one point been scheduled for launch on the fatal STS-107 flight of Columbia, but was cancelled amid political controversy (it grew out of an idea by Vice-President Gore for whole-Earth imaging to raise eco-awareness) and placed in storage. The mission was reactivated as part of a NOAA (US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) effort to monitor 'space weather', the flux of particles and radiation in the solar wind and its interaction with the Earth's outer atmosphere. DSCOVR 145 kg of hydrazine propellant, and was stationed at the Earth-Sun L1 point, 1.5 million km noonward from Earth. It carried a Faraday cup instrument to measure solar wind speed, an electron spectrometer and a magnetometer to measure local plasma and fields, a broad band (0.2 to 100 microns) radiometer to measure the Earth's total energy output, and the Earth Polychomatic Imaging Camera to return images of the full Earth disk. DSCOVR was launched into a 184 km x 186 km x 37 deg parking orbit; 30 minutes after launch the Falcon 9 second stage restarted to boost DSCOVR into a 187 km x 1,371,156 km x 37 deg transfer orbit. When the probe reached the L1 point it entered a Lissajous orbit, tracing out a complex pattern around the gravitationally stable balance point. Radius of this pattern was initially around 250,000 km.


2015 March 4 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. Launch Complex: ISS Japanese Experiment Module. Launch Pad: ISS Kibo.
  • MicroMAS - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 40457 . COSPAR: 1998-067GA. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Three-axis stabilized 3U cubesat by the Space Systems Laboratory. Carried an MIT Lincoln Laboratory microwave radiometer payload..

2015 March 13 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 421.
  • MMS 1 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40482 . COSPAR: 2015-011A. Apogee: 70,094 km (43,554 mi). Perigee: 1,371 km (851 mi). Inclination: 28.8600 deg. Period: 1,433.33 min.

    NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission was launched on Mar 13. The mission consists of four identical spacecraft, each with a mass of 1000 kg plus 400 kg of propellant. The spacecraft will fly in a tetrahedral formation some tens of kilometres apart to disentangle spatial and temporal fluctuations in the magnetospheric particle and field environment. They will deploy wire booms with a span of 112 metres to measure electric fields. Additional Details: here....

  • MMS 2 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40483 . COSPAR: 2015-011B. Apogee: 70,110 km (43,560 mi). Perigee: 1,356 km (842 mi). Inclination: 28.8400 deg. Period: 1,433.36 min.
  • MMS 3 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40484 . COSPAR: 2015-011C. Apogee: 70,228 km (43,637 mi). Perigee: 1,238 km (769 mi). Inclination: 28.8400 deg. Period: 1,433.35 min.
  • MMS 4 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: MMS. USAF Sat Cat: 40485 . COSPAR: 2015-011D. Apogee: 70,094 km (43,554 mi). Perigee: 1,372 km (852 mi). Inclination: 28.8500 deg. Period: 1,433.35 min.

2015 October 8 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • PropCube-3 Merryweather - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40973 . COSPAR: 2015-058K. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two PropCube ionospheric-propagation-study cubesats from Tyvak Nanosystems and the US Navy Postgraduate School..
  • PropCube-1 Flora - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40976 . COSPAR: 2015-058N. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two PropCube ionospheric-propagation-study cubesats from Tyvak Nanosystems and the US Navy Postgraduate School..

2015 December 16 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA.
  • Galassia - . Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2015-077E. A second NUS satellite was Galassia, a 2U cubesat with science payloads to measure the ionosphere and perform a quantum entanglement experiment..

2016 February 17 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Kinshachi-3 - . Nation: Japan. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: ChubuSat. USAF Sat Cat: 41339 . COSPAR: 2016-012C. Apogee: 578 km (359 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 31.0000 deg.

2016 April 25 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Microscope - . Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41457 . COSPAR: 2016-025B. Apogee: 714 km (443 mi). Perigee: 711 km (441 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. 1800LT SSO.Operated by the French space agency CNES, Microscope uses the Myriade bus and contains drag-free test masses to test the Equivalence Principle..

2016 May 16 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS deployed.
  • CADRE - . Payload: MINXSS. Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41474 . COSPAR: 1998-067HU. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. U Michigan cubesat.

2016 August 15 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Mozi - . Payload: QSS. Nation: China. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41731 . COSPAR: 2016-051A. Apogee: 584 km (362 mi). Perigee: 488 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg.

    The QUESS (Quantum Experiment Scientific Satellite, liangzi kexue shiyan weixing) was named 'Mozi hao' after the Chinese philosopher Mo Zi (470-390BC), who was credited with the first mention of a camera obscura. The Mozi satellite performed communications experiments using quantum entanglement; developed by the Shanghai Engineering Center for Microsatellites.


2016 December 20 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: J-1. Launch Vehicle: Epsilon.
  • Arase - . Payload: ARASE (ERG). Nation: Japan. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41896 . COSPAR: 2016-080A. Apogee: 32,259 km (20,044 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg.

    Second Epsilon rocket launched the 350 kg ERG geospace science satellite into elliptical orbit. ERG carried experiments to study energetic particles, waves and fields in the magnetosphere. After launch, ERG was renamed 'Arase' (rough water, a metaphor for the dynamic magnetic storms of geospace). The second Epsilon uses a new second stage, the M-35. The first flight in 2013 used a derivative of the M-34 from the old M-V rocket. The M-35, with a mass of 17200 kg, was a growth version sized to match the 2.6m diameter of the larger Epsilon first stage. The third stage was the KM-V2c, with minor improvements compared to the previous mission's KM-V2b. The PBS liquid post-boost 4th stage was not included on this flight.



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