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Wallops Island LA0A
Part of Wallops Island Family
Conestoga launch complex. Launch Area 0A

First Launch: 1995-10-23. Last Launch: 2014-07-13. Number: 5 . Longitude: -75.4899 deg. Latitude: 37.8330 deg.



Spacecraft: Cygnus, Cubesat. Launch Vehicles: Antares 130, Terrier Recruit, Conestoga 1620, Antares 110, Antares 120. Launch Sites: Wallops Island.

1972 February 3 - . 20:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: LA0 ARC. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 3 Nose rain erosion - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1972 February 17 - . 14:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: LA0 ARC. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: LA0 ARC. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 7 Nose rain erosion - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1995 October 23 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. LV Family: Conestoga. Launch Vehicle: Conestoga 1620. FAILURE: Noise in guidance system led to excessive steering of one of the booster motors and finally depletion of the motor's hydraulic fluid. The vehicle went out of control at T+46 seconds.. Failed Stage: G.
  • Meteor - . Nation: USA. Agency: EER. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

    At T+44.4 seconds the vehicle started a turn to the south and pitched down. The ISDS destruct system commanded the destruct packages at T+46.202 seconds. The ISDS failed to operate on two Castor 4 stage 1 motors but operated on the other four. At T+47.67 sec the ISDS destroyed a non-burning Castor 4B motor. The third stage Castor 4B and fourth stage Star 48 were not destroyed and impacted in the ocean. Cause of the failure was identified as the flight control system attempting to respond to noise being received on a data line, resulting in early depletion of hydraulic control steering fluid on stage 1 motor 6.


2013 September 18 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. LV Family: Antares LV. Launch Vehicle: Antares 110.
  • SS G David Low - . Payload: Cygnus OD-1. Mass: 4,127 kg (9,098 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Cygnus. Duration: 35.00 days. Decay Date: 2013-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 39258 . COSPAR: 2013-051A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 411 km (255 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.81 min.

    First Orbital Sciences Cygnus ISS resupply spacecraft. Named SS G. David Low after the late astronaut, son of the former NASA administrator, and Orbital employee. The Cygnus consisted of a pressurized cargo module (PCM) built by Thales Alenia in Torino, and a service module (SM) built by Orbital/Dulles. The craft carried 700 kg of cargo. Intiial orbit was 261 km x 277 km x 51.6 deg; at 20:07 GMT this was raised to 274 km x 384 km. On 22 September the first attempt at rendezvous with the ISS was cancelled due to a software problem in the GPS navigation system; Cygnus passed ISS at a distance of 4 km at 08:45 GMT. On 29 September Cygnus completed its rendezvous with ISS, reaching a 250 m hold point at 09:08 GMT. The SSRMS arm captured Cygnus at 11:00 GMT, and after berthing to the Harmony module of the ISS he astronauts began unloading the ship's cargo. Cygnus unberthed from Harmony at 10:04 GMT on 22 October and was released into a 415 x 419 km orbit by the SSRMS at 11:31 GMT. On 23 October Cygnus conducted its retrofire burn at 17:41 GMT, and burnt up at 18:16 GMT over the South Pacific.


2014 January 9 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. LV Family: Antares LV. Launch Vehicle: Antares 120.
  • SS C Gordon Fullerton - . Payload: Cygnus OA-1. Mass: 4,127 kg (9,098 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Cygnus. Duration: 41.00 days. Decay Date: 2014-02-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 39502 . COSPAR: 2014-003A. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 92.66 min.

    Delivered 1,261 kg of cargo to the ISS. The Cygnus cargo ship SS C. Gordon Fullerton entered an initial 221 x 259 km x 51.6 deg orbit to begin its rendezvous sequence with ISS. Arrived at 250 metres from ISS at 10:01 GMT January 12; moved in to the 10 m capture position; then captured by the Canadarm-2 at 11:08 GMT and berthed on the Harmony module's nadir port at 13:05 GMT. It contained 1465 kg of cargo for ISS, including two bags with a total mas of 152 kg containing a set of 28 Dove 3U Earth-observing cubesats (about 5 kg each) for Planet Labs and five 1U/2U cubesats. Unberthed from the Harmony module and released by the robot arm at 11:42 GMT 18 February. After two orbital maneuvers Cygnus underwent destructive reentry over the Pacific with loss of signal at 18:23 GMT February 19. First launch of Orbital's Antares 120 variant, with a more powerful ATK Castor 30B second stage replacing the Castor 30 used on earlier flights.


2014 October 28 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: Wallops MARS 0A. LV Family: Antares LV. Launch Vehicle: Antares 130. FAILURE: Vehicle exploded 14 seconds after launch at an altitude of about 100 metres, and the vehicle and payloads fell back to the pad, resulting in a large explosion. Traced to failure of turbopump in first stage engine; same defect as doomed the N1 moon rocket.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SS Deke Slayton - . Payload: Cygnus OA-3. Mass: 3,500 kg (7,700 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Cygnus.

    The Orbital Cygnus Orb-3 cargo ship; destroyed during launch. As well as ISS cargo, the Orb-3 mission was carrying 26 PlanetLabs Flock-1d 3U cubesats, the JPL/U-Texas RACE 3U cubesat, the Arkyd-3 3U cubesat from Planetary Resources, and also the GOMX-2 ship tracking 2U cubesat from GOMX of Aalborg, Denmark.

  • RACE - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Perigee: -6,378 km (-6,378 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. JPL/U-Texas 3U cubesat. Lost in explosion of booster..
  • Arkyd-3 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Perigee: -6,378 km (-6,378 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. 3U cubesat from Planetary Resources. Lost in explosion of booster..
  • GOMX-2 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: Denmark. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Perigee: -6,378 km (-6,378 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Ship tracking 2U cubesat from GOMX of Aalborg, Denmark. Lost in explosion of booster..
  • Flock-1d 1 to 26 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. 26 PlanetLabs Flock-1d 3U cubesats. Lost in explosion of booster. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..

2016 October 17 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: Wallops MARS 0A. LV Family: Antares LV. Launch Vehicle: Antares 230.
  • SS Alan Poindexter - . Payload: Cygnus OA-6. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Cygnus. Decay Date: 2016-11-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 41818 . COSPAR: 2016-062A. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg.

    Orbital ATK Cygnus cargo ship, the SS Alan Poindexter, was launched on mission OA-5. The launch was the first flight of the Antares 230 rocket, featuring a first stage with two Energomash RD-181 engines replacing the Kuznetsov/Aerojet AJ-26 engines used on earlier Antares missions (which were implicated in the Oct 2014 Antares 130 failure), and a second stage with the Castor 30XL solid motor. The Castor 30XL was on the previous Antares launch but didn't get a chance to fire because of the first stage failure, so this was its first real test. In the event the rocket performed above specification and the mission reached a higher-than-planned 209 x 351 km orbit. OA-5 reached the ISS on Oct 23; it was grappled by the SSRMS at 1128 UTC and berthed to the nadir port of the Unity module at 1453 UTC. Cygnus OA-5 carried 2345 kg of pressurized cargo, and the external Nanoracks deployer with four Spire Global Lemur-2 cubesats.Cygnus cargo vehicle SS Alan Poindexter (OA-5) was unberthed from the Unity module at about 1125 UTC Nov 21 and released into space at 1322 UTC. It raised its orbit on Nov 25 to 495 x 504 km and released two pairs of Spire Global cubesats in the Lemur-2 series. Cygnus was deorbited on Nov 27, reentering over the S Pacific at 2336 UTC.



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